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6. The zoomster function z used in space ight engineering is dened above. If, for some number u, z(u + 1/2) = 1/2, then what is the value of u ? (A) 3/2 (B) 1/2 (C) 1/8 (D) 1/8 (E) 1/2 7. For any positive integer n, let n be

dened by n = 2n(n + 1). What is the 8 value of ? 2 (A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 8 (E) 10

4. If f (x) = x2 1, and f (2a) = 35, then what could be the value of a ? (A) 6 (B) 3 (C) 1 (D) 2 (E) 6

2 1

y

2 1

f (x) x

1 2

5. If f (x) = 2x + 4, then what is the value of f (4) + f (6) ? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) f (8) f (10) f (12) f (18) f (28)

8. For the function f graphed in the xyplane above, if f (2.5) = k, then what is f (2k) ?

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1. D First, nd f (2) by plugging in 2 for x in the expression 2x 5. We get f (2) = 225 = 45 = 1. Similarly, f (5) = 255 = 5. Then, f (2)+f (5) = 1+5 = 4, so answer D is correct. 22/3 or 7.33 First, nd h(a). Whatever is inside the parentheses of a function gets substituted for x in the given expression for the function. So here, h(a) = 3a + 5. Since h(a) = 27, we have 3a + 5 = 27, so that 3a = 22 and a = 22/3 (or a = 7.33). This question is typical on the SAT and ACT; it is asking us to go backwards. Suppose that y = h(x). Instead of giving us x and asking us for y, it is giving us y and asking us for x. Also, dont be fooled by the use of the dierent letters (h instead of f for the function, and a instead of x); the math is the same.

2.

3.

E Since f (a) = 4a 3 and f (a) = 9, then 4a 3 = 9 so that 4a = 12 and a = 3. Similarly, f (b) = 4b 3 = 5 so that 4b = 8 and b = 2. Finally, f (a + b) = f (3 + 2) = f (5) = 4 5 3 = 17. Answer E is correct.

4.

B We substitute the 2a inside the function parentheses for x in the expression x2 1. This gives f (2a) = (2a)2 1 = 4a2 1. Since f (2a) = 35, we have 4a2 1 = 35, so that 4a2 = 36, or a2 = 9. Solving for a gives a = 3, and answer B is correct. Note that since there can be only one answer, 3 is not given as an answer choice. In this case, dont forget to substitute everything inside the parentheses into x. A common mistake here is to square the a but not the 2, resulting in the expression 2a2 1 = 35, which is incorrect. C Since f (4) = 2(4)+4 = 12, and f (6) = 2(6)+4 = 16, then f (4)+f (6) = 12+16 = 28. To gure out which answer is correct, we have to evaluate each one until we get 28 as the value. Since f (12) = 2(12) + 4 = 28, answer C is correct.

5.

pg. 2

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6. B To evaluate z(u + 1/2), we need to substitute everything inside the parentheses into q, i.e., we substitute u + 1/2 for q in the denition of the function z. We get: z(u + 1/2) = 4(u + 1/2) + 1/2 = 4u + 2 + 1/2 = 4u + 5/2. Since z(u + 1/2) = 1/2, this means that 4u + 5/2 = 1/2. Solving for u, we get 4u = 2, or u = 1/2. 7. A This question is an example of what I call wacky functions. These are functions in the disguise of weird symbols that you probably have never seen in math class before. That is because the symbols are completely made up! The question will always tell you exactly what the symbol means. In this case, we are told that n = 2n(n + 1). This means, for example, that 8 = 2 8 (8 + 1) = 2 8 9 = 144. Similarly, 2 = 2 2 (2 + 1) = 2 2 3 = 12. Therefore, 8 /2 = 144/12 = 12. Since 2 = 12, choice A is correct. Note that this question is identical to the following regular function question: For any positive integer n, let f (n) be dened by f (n) = 2n(n+1). f (8) ? What is the value of f (2) (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) 8. 0 Use the graph to determine f (2.5). Go along the x-axis to 2.5, then draw a straight line up to the curve, then another straight line over to the y-axis:

y

2 1

f (x) x

The y-value at that point is 1, and since f (2.5) = k, k = 1. The question is asking: what is f (2k) ? Since 2k = 2, we nd f (2) by using the graph in the same way as before. Since, at x = 2, the curve hits the x-axis (y = 0), the answer is 0.

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