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Ash N Unit 1 Discussion Course: SPH4U Date: March 16, 2012 Introduction G-forces / Acceleration of a Spin Hook Kick

Kick In my generation there is a lot of reference to a martial art actor who goes by the name of Chuck Norris. He is most famous for a move called the round house kick. As I was looking through the forum I saw a lot of general examples that related to the general concepts involving roller coasters, race tracks and so forth. It surprised me that no one referenced any circular martial art kicks, such as the various kicks displayed in Taekwondo. In this discussion I will be talking about the Spin Hook Kick, but I would like everybody to consider that this same concept can be applied to the round house kick. Below is a video depicting the Spin Hook Kick To get a better view of the mechanics of this kick:
(Image found by Google image crawler, image distribution allowed under the 2007 FAIR USE Act)

In the past I was very much involved in both Karate and Judo, I found the techniques displayed in both to be very sufficient. Unlike Judo, Karate had some kicks in their move set which were in execution similar to this. Due to the lack of reliable documentation on the internet, I will be using myself as part of the example (weight wise and radius wise). Additionally I will be using reference footage of a NSMA Master. For greater diversity I will also mention the Olympic standard of the Sport Science Lab that involved UFC Light Heavyweight Champion Mauricio "Shogun" Rua.

Ash N Unit 1 Discussion Course: SPH4U Date: March 16, 2012 -

Calculation Lets look at what we are given before we jump to the calculations: Mass(m) = 110 pounds (49.9 Kg) Radius(R) = 0.8 meters (Length of leg when in furthest reach) Often times in math, you are presented with a John buys 20 watermelons situation, and no one wonders why the value is 20. In this example, to calculate the velocity of one rotation for the kick, I looked at the previously listed youtube video and calculated the time between each rotation. Due to the youtube video codec, videos uploaded in 480p are limited to 30frames per second. While downloading the video and calculating a loop region in a non-linear editing application I found each kick averaging at 24.5 frames per second. With this result we can find T by dividing the average by the max 24.5fps/30fps = 0.816666... seconds. Therefore it is more than safe to say that we have a T value of 0.8167 seconds. With the pivot point being the non-prominent leg, the speed of the kick will be measured from the maximum distance it can reach during one rotation. For this we need to find circumference.
C= x (2 x radius) C= x ( 2 x 0.8) C = 1 or 5.026548246 = significant digits (4 digits) = 5.027 C = 5.027meters

Using Vav= d/t we can calculate the average velocity.

Vav = d/t Vav= 5.027meters /0.8167seconds Vav= 6.154705823 = significant digits (4 digits) = 6.155 m/s

Now that we have the average velocity we can now go ahead and find the acceleration:
a = v2/R a = 6.155 / 0.8 a = 47.35 m/s Now, to find the force well use the following formula: F=mv2/R. F= 49.9(6.155m/s)/ 0.8 F= 2,363.016059 N = significant digits (6 digits for greater accuracy) = 2,363.02 N

Now to calculate the g-force: Fg = mg = (49.9)(9.8) = 489.02 N g-force = F/Fg g-force = 2,363.02/489.02 g-force = 4.832146046 = significant digits (4 digits) = 4.832 G

Ash N Unit 1 Discussion Course: SPH4U Date: March 16, 2012 For some 4.832 Gs is just a value, but I would like to point out that a top of the line racing car can accelerate from rest to over 160 km/h in 0.86 seconds. This would provide you with 5.3 Gs. A mere cough can provide a g-force rating of around the value of 3.5. Unique relationships, most people wouldnt guess this now would they? As stated prior, I found it fair to include an Olympic level candidate who was set up in a similar situation. UFC Light Heavyweight Champion Mauricio was asked to provide kicking and punching data for a show called Sport Science lab. There they registered a stunning, record setting kick of 2749 lbs of force that is equal to 39 miles per hour. Thats a whopping 62.76 km/h thats almost half of that of the race car! I hope my forum thread held the proper calculations, and if there are any questions be sure to leave a reply! ~Ash Niazi