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T – Transportation Infrastructure First is interpretation: Surface Transportation Infrastructure consist of Transportation and Infrastructure Committee 1/31 The American Energy

& Infrastructure Jobs Act (H.R. 7) is an initiative to create long-term American jobs by linking improvements to the nation’s transportation infrastructure with increased production of domestic energy. This key component of House Republicans’ efforts to put Americans back to work is a long-term reauthorization of federal highway, transit and highway safety programs that will streamline and
consolidate federal transportation programs, cut red tape and government bureaucracy, increase funding flexibility for states and local governments, better leverage existing infrastructure resources, and encourage more private sector participation in building infrastructure. This comprehensive infrastructure proposal also

makes significant reforms to federal passenger and freight rail transportation, hazardous materials transportation, and waterborne transportation programs. Interpretation including aviation Transportation and Infrastructure Committee n.d.
Ever since the first Congress authorized a lighthouse on Cape Henry, Virginia as an aid to ships sailing through Hampton Roads, the

Congress of the United States has been involved in providing for the nation’s transportation infrastructure. In the more than two hundred years since the Cape Henry Lighthouse first shown out across the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay, the Committees of the House of Representatives responsible for public works and infrastructure have changed names and grown in scope. What was once the Rivers and Harbors Committee is now the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure. However, the mission remains essentially the same: provide a strong backbone upon
which the nation’s people and commerce can flourish.

The Transportation and Infrastructure Committee currently has jurisdiction over all modes of transportation: aviation, maritime and waterborne transportation, roads, bridges, mass transit, and railroads. But the
Committee has jurisdiction over other aspects of our national infrastructure, such as clean water and waste water management, the transport of resources by pipeline, flood damage reduction, the economic development of depressed rural and urban areas, disaster preparedness and response, activities of the Army Corps of Engineers and the various missions of the Coast Guard.

The affirmative violates this by increasing non-transportation infrastructure investment in the form of A. Communications infrastructure B. Energy Infrastructure C. Water management Infrastructure D. Solid waste management Prefer our interpretation because: It offers predictable limits: because the physical structure and areas of infrastructure are clearly set out and defined in the definition. It preserves and prioritizes core ground for the affirmative from the perspective of the government actor. Now let’s talk voters. First of all, since T is a stock issue, we are all aware that not only is T most definitely a voter, it is also a priori.

Secondly.All that being said. you can’t vote affirmative on a plan that doesn’t affirm the resolution. . As the adjudicator of the round for the 2012-2013 resolution. you don’t have the jurisdiction to decide the merits of a plan that doesn’t affirm our proposed resolution. it is unfair to force us to debate the merits of a plan that doesn’t affirm the resolution when we must negate it.

Earth monitoring and measurement networks investment. Now onto the line by line… . Water management Infrastructure D. Solid waste management E.2NC Overview The affirmative team does not affirm the resolution insofar as they don’t increase transportation infrastructure investment. In doing so they attempt to muddle the predictable limits and core ground that make our interpretation the best in the round and so you err negative because it’s now out of your jurisdiction to vote for them and it’s unfair to force us to debate them. Energy Infrastructure C. Instead they increase A. Communications infrastructure B.

fiber. This can be built from copper cable. with downstream consumers.” The definition is clear and inclusive to their form of investment. Communications Infrastructure is defined by Center of Catastrophe Preparedness and Response and the Wagner School of Public Service at NYU in 2005 as “However. and quickly relocate and restore displaced or disrupted social and economic activities. and satellite communications [that] provide unprecedented communications capabilities to a wide range of institutions and communities in disaster areas. Furthermore it is exclusive to our interpretation. such as voice. data and audiovisual services.A2: We meet – Communications Infrastructure They don’t meet. or wireless technologies utilizing the radio frequency spectrum. . such as microwave and satellite. Alison for the International Encyclopedia of Communication in 2008 Communication infrastructure refers to the backbone of the communications system upon which various broadcasting and telecommunication services are operated. modern telecommunications infrastructure has also provided powerful and flexible tools to enable cities to cope with crisis. mobile telephony. The Internet. More evidence (In case the debate drags on or you want to be extra sure) Gillwald. The infrastructure is the core component that connects upstream production.

It aims at ensuring that strategic energy networks and storage facilities are completed by 2020.Energy Infrastructure They don’t meet. More evidence (In case the debate drags on or you want to be extra sure) European Commission "Guidelines for transEuropean energy infrastructure". truck lines. On 19 October 2011. the EC has identified 12 priority corridors and areas covering electricity. and marine transportation are also key components of America’s energy infrastructure. Energy Infrastructure is defined by DOE’s National Energy Technology Laboratory as Our energy infrastructure is comprised of many components. This infrastructure also includes facilities that turn raw natural resources into useful energy products. To this end. the European Commission (EC) adopted the proposal for a Regulation on . oil and carbon dioxide transport networks. electricity transmission lines and other means for transporting energy to consumers. gas. such as the physical network of pipes for oil and natural gas.A2: We Meet. The rail network.

more than 3. While some of that infrastructure is now 100 years old or older. 79. more than 25 pump stations. and more than 450 stormwater outfalls.000 miles of water mains. distribution lines. 18 reservoirs. three wastewater treatment plants. we have invested billions of dollars over the years to build an extensive network of drinking water. 164 CSO outfalls. wastewater and stormwater infrastructure to provide the public with safe and clean water. much of our network of water treatment plants.000 miles of sewers.000 stormwater inlets. sewer lines and storage facilities was built after World War II. three drinking water treatment plants. .Water management Infrastructure They don’t meet. Water Management Infrastructure is defined by EPA no date as As a nation. More evidence (In case the debate drags on or you want to be extra sure) Philadelphia Water Department 2012 PWD has approximately 3. 175 CSO regulating chambers. five water storage tanks.A2: We meet.

A2: We meet – Solid Waste Management Infrastructure They don’t meet. transport. .d. recycling. and tools that can be used to take action on climate change) Solid Waste Infrastructure The set of systems and facilities that are used to manage solid waste (garbage and recyclable materials). tips. collection. Solid Waste Management Infrastructure is defined by The Playbook for Green Buildings & Neighborhoods Glossary n. as (web resource providing strategies. this includes storage. and disposal systems and facilities.

Debate them on Standards. [Disprove their merit] 2. Extend the standards here that’s proof that they don’t do it as well. Here are some more standards in case they present counter standards: .A2: Competing Interpretations 1.

Analogies: Cereal Bowl . We simply can’t begin further debate on the plan until all the stock issues are addressed.A2: T is not a voter Cross apply our Pre-empt from the 1NC. T is a priori because it’s a stock issue and a fundamental part of the affirmative position.

you evaluate that first before you evaluate their abuse claims. A2. It’s based only on a hunch and there’s no valid reason to unless we don’t go for T in the 2NR. .A2: Reverse Voting Issue The RVI is not a voting issue because it’s predicated off of the abuse story they create regarding our running the T. if they’re losing T.Reasonability They’re unreasonable. So they would lose on that first. They presume that we’re going to kick out of the T last minute. Furthermore. so they try to pre-empt it with this argument.