GENERAL CIRCUITING GUIDELINES

1. General: Branch circuits shall be sufficient to supply a load of 30 watts per square meter (3 watts per square foot) in buildings excluding porches, garages and basements.
C3 DINE C4 C3 C3
20 amp

2. In all but the smallest installations, connect lighting, convenience receptacles, and appliances in separate circuits. The Code requires a minimum of 2 - 20 amperes appliance branch circuit to feed all small appliance outlets in the kitchen, pantry, dining and family room.

KIT C1 C2
Ref Range

20 amp

3. Convenience receptacles in an area shall be wired to at least two different circuits so that in case of failure in any one of the circuits, the entire area will not be deprived of power.

4. General purpose branch circuits shall be rated at 20 amperes wired with No. 12 AWG minimum. Switch legs may be No. 14 AWG if the lighting load permits.

5. Limit the circuit load for lighting and small appliances on 15 amp and 20 amp circuit loads and on 15 and 20 amp overcurrent devices respectively.

ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS
FEEDER BRANCH CIRCUIT-CEILING/WALL
PS L

LAMP HOLDER LAMP HOLDER WITH PULL SWITCH CLOCK OUTLET DROP CORD OUTLET CH

PUSH BUTTON

BELL BUZZER CHIME

BRANCH CIRCUIT-FLOOR 3&4 WIRES CIRCUIT NO. MARK INDICATES 2 WIRES CROSSING WIRES CONNECTING WIRES

C

D

F

FAN OUTLET ANNUNCIATOR

R

RADIO OUTLET LIGHTING PANEL POWER PANEL

LIGHTING OUTLET CEILING

FLOOR OUTLET DUPLEX CONVENIENCE OUTLET CONVENIENCE OUTLET SPLIT-WIRED
WP

RECESSED CEILING OUTLET DASH INDICATES SHAPE OF FIXTURE

FUSE WH T WATT-HOUR METER TRANSFORMER JUNCTION BOX

WEATHER PROOF OUTLET OUTLET AND SWITCH RANGE OUTLET SPECIAL PURPOSE OUTLET REFRIGERATOR OUTLET J

LIGHTING OUTLET WALL

S R

FLUORESCENT LAMP

GROUND

ref

ELECTRICAL REGULATIONS BY PD 1096

1. General Locational Requirements in Towns, Subdivisions, Human Settlements, Industrial Estates and the like. Overhead transmission and/or distribution lines/systems including transformers, poles, towers and the like shall be located and installed following the latest standards of design, construction and maintenance but so as not to cause visual pollution and in the interest of public safety, convenience, good viewing and aesthetics, these may be located along alleys or back streets.

existing or proposed. 2.1 All poles erected on public roads shall be covered by Approved Pole Location (APL) plan from the Municipal Engineer. and shall not obstruct the sidewalk. Location of Poles and Clearances of Power Lines along Public Roads.2 Poles and transformer supports shall be located not more than 500mm inside from the road right-of-way or property line. pedestrian path and/or the road drainage canal or structure. 2.2. Pole ≤ 500 mm Property line .

5 m from the top of the shoulder or sidewalk when installed along the side of the highway or street in a highly urbanized area.5 m from the crown of the road pavement when crossing the highway and from the top of the shoulder or sidewalk when installed along the side of the highway or street in highly urbanized area. ≥10 m ≥7.3 Primary lines shall have a minimum vertical clearance of 10 m from the crown of the pavement when crossing the highway and 7.5 m 2. neutral and service lines shall have a minimum vertical clearance of 7.2.4 Secondary. .

≥5 m ≥150 mm . where hydrants are located at street corners. From Curbs. From the Street Corners. not less than 5 m. From Fire Hydrants.5 Clearances of Supporting Structures such as Poles.2. poles and towers shall not be set so far from the corners as to make necessary the use of flying taps which are inaccessible from the poles. B. Towers and others and their guys and braces measured from the nearest parts of the objects concerned: A. not less than 150 mm measured from the curb away from the roadway. C.

5 m from the building.1 Attachments for support of power lines and cables.2 Where buildings exceed 15 m in height. Attachments on and Clearances from Buildings 3.2. 2 . to facilitate the raising of ladders where necessary for fire fighting.5 m ≥ 15 m Pole . 3. either adjacent to the building or beginning not over 2. transformers and other equipment and/or communications lines installed on buildings shall be covered by an Approved Attachment Plan from the local Building Official. overhead lines shall be arranged where practicable so that a clear space or zone at least 2 m wide will be left.3.

noncurrent-carrying parts shall be solidly or effectively grounded.4. As an alternative to isolation or guarding. shall be isolated or guarded so as not to be exposed to accidental contact by unauthorized persons. . service conduits.3 Undergrounded metal-sheathed service cables. 4. or shall be provided with guards so as to isolate them effectively from accidental contact by such persons. such parts shall be arranged so as to provide adequate clearance from the ground or other space generally accessible. metal fixtures and similar noncurrent-carrying parts. Open Supply Conductors Attached to Buildings Where the permanent attachment of open supply conductors of any class to buildings is necessary for an entrance such conductors shall meet the following requirements: 4.2 To promote safety to the general public and to employees not authorized to approach conductors and other current-carrying parts of electric supply lines. if located in urban districts and where liable to become charged to more than 300 volts to ground. 4.1 Conductors of more than 300 volts to ground shall not be carried along or near the surface of the buildings unless they are guarded or made inaccessible.

000 volts Horizontal Clearance in Meters 1.0 3.0 2.000 to 50.5 3.5 3.000 volts 15.5 Supports over buildings.700 volts 8. Service-drop conductors passing over a roof shall be securely supported by substantial structures. .5 2.0 Vertical Clearance in Meters 2.000 volts > 50.0 + 10 mm per Kv in excess in excess 4. such supports shall be independent of the building. Where practicable.4.0 + 10 mm per Kv 3. Voltage of Supply Conductors 300 to 8.4 Clearance of wires from building surface shall be not less than those required Table II.700 to 15.

verandas.2 Guarding of Supply Conductors/Supply of Conductors of 300 volts or more shall be properly guarded by grounded conduit. 5. Conductors Passing By or Over Buildings 5. Where the clearances set forth in Table II above cannot be obtained. or other ordinarily accessible places within the reach of persons. . The vertical or horizontal clearance to any building or its attachments (balconies. This rule should not be interpreted as restricting the installation of a trolley contact conductor over the approximate center line of the track it serves. The horizontal clearance governs above the roof level to the point where the diagonal equals the vertical clearance requirement. Where such supply conductors are placed near enough to windows. under the following conditions: 1. 2. barriers. fire escapes. Unguarded or accessible supply conductors carrying voltages in excess of 300 volts may be run either beside or over buildings.1 Minimum Clearances. etc. platforms.5. or otherwise.) shall be as listed below.

Jacketed Primary Cables grouped or bundled and supported by grounded messenger wires. V- ≥V .5. supply conductors shall be of Grounded Metallic Shield.3 Where the required clearances cannot be obtained.

add for each 1000 volts of excess 6.25 mm Vertical and lateral conductors of the same circuit Vertical and lateral conductors of other circuits Span and guy wires attached to same pole: general Span and guy wires attached to same pole: when parallel to line Lightning protection wires parallel to line: surfaces of cross arms Lightning protection wires parallel to line: surfaces of poles 75 mm 75 mm 75 mm 150 mm 150 mm 10 mm 75 mm 150 mm 150 mm 150 mm 10 mm 75 mm 150 mm 300 mm 300 mm 10 mm 75 mm 75 mm 75 mm 75 mm 5 mm 75 mm 125 mm 75 mm 125 mm 5 mm .Clearance of line conductors from - Communication LInes In general On jointly used poles 75 mm Supply LInes In general (0 to 8700 volts) 75 mm On jointly used poles (0 to 8700 volts) 75 mm Exceeding 8700 volts.

shall conform to the following: a.5m from the highest point of roofs over which they pass with the following exceptions: Service Drop Conductor < 600 volts ≥ 2. Clearances over roof.5 m Highest point .6.1 Service drop conductors shall not be readily accessible and when not in excess of 600 volts. Clearance of Service Drops 6. Conductors shall have a clearance of not less than 2.

Where the voltage between conductors does not exceed 300 volts and the roof has a slope of not less than 100mm in 300mm. the clearance may not be less than 1m. ≥1 m Service Drop Conductor ≤300 volts Highest point Slope ≥ 1:3 . 1.Exception No.

≥500mm Service Drop Conductor ≤ 1.Exception No.2m of the overhang portion of the roof for the purpose of terminating at a through-the-roof service raceway or approved support may be maintained at a minimum of 500mm from any portion of the roof over which they pass. Service drop conductors of 300 volts or less which do not pass over other than a maximum of 1.2 m ≤ 300 volts Highest point . 2.

2 Clearance from the Ground.6. or similar locations and shall be run at least 500mm above the top level of a window or opening. conductor ≥3m platform 6. doors. porches. ≥ 500mm window ≥1m . fire escapes. Conductors shall have a horizontal clearance of not less than 1m from windows. Conductors shall have a clearance of not less than 3m from the ground or from any platform or projection from which they might be reached.3 Clearance from Building Openings.

≥3m protector ≥3m .50 m Service Drop of communication lines shall have a minimum clearance of 3m above ground at its point of attachment to the building or pedestal. when crossing a street.6. ≥ 5. shall have a clearance of not less than 5.5 m from the crown of the street or sidewalk Service drop of communication line over which it passes.4 Service Drop of communication lines.50 m ≥5.

Observation stands. Diving Structures c. b.5 No parts of swimming and wading pools shall be placed under existing service drop conductors or any other over-head wiring. nor shall such wiring be installed above the following: a. Swimming and wading pools and the area extending 3m outward horizontally from the inside of the walls of the pool.6. towers or platforms ≥3m Service drop conductor Swimming pool .

7. Wiring Methods Service entrance conductors extending along the exterior or entering buildings or other structures shall be installed in rigid steel conduit or asbestos cement conduit or concrete encased plastic conduit from point of service drop to meter socket and from meter socket to the disconnecting equipment. lines. 7. signs. 7. 7. streamers and the like. However. where the service entrance conductors are protected by approved fuses or breakers at their outer ends (immediately after the service drop or lateral) they may be installed in any of the recognized wiring methods. service drops and other line equipment shall be free from any attachment for antennas.2 Power or communication poles.1 Abandoned Lines and/or portions of lines no longer required to provide shall be removed. .3 Metallic sheaths or jackets of overhead power or communication cables shall be grounded at a point as close as possible to ground level whenever such cables change from overhead to underground installations.

Transformers 8. or trenches filled with coarse. door and window openings shall be safeguarded from fires originating in oilinsulated transformers installed on. fire escapes. or adjacent to a building or combustible material. crushed stone. Space separations. attached to. Combustible material.1 Oil-insulated Transformers Installed Outdoors.8. combustible buildings and parts of buildings. curbed areas or basins. Oil enclosures may consist of fireresistant dikes. fire-resistant barriers and enclosures which confine the oil of a ruptured transformer tank are recognized safeguards. One or more of these safeguards shall be applied according to the degree of hazard involved in cases where the transformer installation presents a fire hazard. Oil enclosures shall be provided with trapped drains in cases where the exposure and the quantity of oil involved are such that removal of oil is important. Exterior Oil-insulated Transformer Trench all around .

8.2 Dry-Type Transformers Installed Indoors. Combustible Wall Dry-type transformer 112-1/2 Kva or less ≥ 300mm . Transformers rated 112-1/2 KVA or less shall have separation of at least 300mm from combustible material unless separated there from by a fire-resistant heat-insulating barrier or unless of a rating not exceeding 600 volts and completely enclosed except for ventilating openings.

70 m Transformer more than 35.000 volts shall be installed in a vault. Askarel-insulated transformers rated in excess of 25 KVA shall be furnished with a pressure relief vent.7m vertically or are separated there from by a fire-resistant heat-insulating barrier. Where installed in a poorly ventilated place they shall be furnished with a means for absorbing any gases generated by arcing inside the case.85 m 8. vault Combustible Wall Combustible ceiling Dry-type transformer 112-1/2 Kva or less ≥ 3.Transformers of more than 112-1/2 KVA rating shall be installed in a transformer room of fire-resistant construction unless they are constructed with Class B (80ºC rise) or Class H (150ºC rise) insulation.000 volts ≥ 1. Transformers rated more than 35.85m horizontally and 3. or the pressure relief vent shall be connected to a chimney or flue which will carry such gases outside the building. Askarel-insulated transformers rated more than 35. and are separated from combustible material not less than 1.000 volts shall be installed in a vault.3 Askarel-Insulated Transformers Installed Indoors. .

The provisions for transformer vaults specified in Section 9. Oil-insulated transformers shall be installed in a vault constructed as specified in this Section except as follows: 1. > 100mm thick reinforced concrete vault oil insulated transformer < 112-1/2 KVa .8. NOT OVER 600 VOLTS. and the total transformer capacity in one location does not exceed 10 KVA in a section of the building classified as combustible.3 of this Rule apply except that the vault may be constructed of reinforced concrete not less than 100mm thick. NOT OVER 112-1/2KVA TOTAL CAPACITY. 2.4 Oil-Insulated Transformers Installed Indoors. A vault is not required provided suitable arrangements are made where necessary to prevent a transformer oil fire igniting other materials. or 75 KVA where the surrounding structures is classified as fire-resistant construction.

Appropriate provisions shall be made to minimize the possibility of damage to transformers from external causes where the transformers are located exposed to physical damage. EXPOSED LIVE PARTS.3. 8. and provided the building is used only in supplying electric service and the interior is accessible only to qualified persons. FURNACE TRANSFORMERS. DETACHED BUILDING. 3. 2. provided neither the building nor its contents present fire hazard to any other building or property. Dry-type transformers shall be provided with a non-combustible moisture resistant case or enclosure which will provide reasonable protection against accidental insertion of foreign objects. 4. . CASE OR ENCLOSURE. Electric furnace transformers of a total rating not exceeding 75 KVA may be installed without a vault in a building or room of fire-resistant construction provided suitable arrangements are made to prevent a transformer oil fire spreading to other combustible material. The operating voltage of exposed live parts of transformer installations shall be indicated by signs or visible markings on the equipment or structures. 4. MECHANICAL PROTECTION. VOLTAGE WARNING. Transformers may be installed in a building which does not conform with the provisions specified in this Code for transformer vault.5 Guarding. Transformers shall be guarded as follows: 1. The transformer installation shall conform with the provisions for guarding of live parts in PEC Rule 1056.

bushings.9. Provisions for Transformer Vaults 9.1 New Building. provided that all clearances required can be obtained and no troublesome contamination on insulators. 150 mm for R. except that transformers may be mounted on poles or structures within the property if enough space is available. New buildings requiring an expected load demand of 200KVA or above shall be provided with a transformer vault. can cause hazards and malfunctioning of the equipment.C 200 mm for Brick 300 mm for Load bearing CHB Wall: 20 mm thick plaster 2-1/2 hours fire rating 200 Kva or more Floor: 100mm thick 2-1/2 hours fire rating . etc.

Vaults shall be located where they can be ventilated to the outside air without using flues or ducts wherever such an arrangement is practicable. The walls and roofs of vaults shall consist of reinforced concrete not less than 150mm thick. The vault shall have a concrete floor not less than 100mm thick. Other forms of fire-resistive construction are also acceptable provided they have adequate structural strength for the conditions and a minimum fire resistance of two and one half hours according to the approved Fire Test Standard. Roof and Floor. roof and one or more walls of the vaults. The quality of the material used in the construction of the vault shall be of the grade approved by the Building Official having jurisdiction.2 Location. masonry or brick not less than 200mm thick. . or 300mm load bearing hollow concrete blocks.3 Walls. Transformer and transformer vaults shall be readily accessible to qualified personnel for inspection and maintenance. The inside wall and roof surface of vaults constructed of hollow concrete blocks shall have a coating of cement or gypsum plaster not less than 20mm thick.9. Building walls and floor which meet these requirements may serve for the floor. 9.

access being allowed only to qualified persons. 10.4 Doorways. SILLS. Any doorway leading from the vault into the building shall be protected as follows: 1. A door sill or curb of sufficient height to confine within the vault. Each doorway shall be provided with a tight-fitting door of a type approved for openings in such locations by the authority enforcing this Code. LOCATION. Ventilation shall be adequate to prevent a transformer temperature in excess of the prescribed values. windows. the oil from the largest transformer shall be provided and in no case shall the height be less than 100mm. . 1. fire escapes and combustible material. 3.9. 2. Ventilation openings shall be located as far away as possible from doors. TYPE OF DOOR. Entrance doors shall be equipped with locks. LOCKS. Ventilation. and doors shall be kept locked. Locks and latches shall be so arranged that the door may be readily and quickly opened from the inside.

or louvers.1 sqm for any capacity under 50 KVA. Where automatic dampers are used in the ventilation openings of vaults containing oil-insulated transformers. grating. In the case of vaults ventilated to an outdoor area without using ducts or flues the combined net area of all ventilating openings after deducting the area occupied by screens. . or all of the area required for ventilation may be provided in one or more openings in or near the roof. COVERING. except that the net area shall be not less than 0. SIZE. the actuating device should be made to function at a temperature resulting from fire and not a temperature which might prevail as a result of an overheated transformer or bank of transformers.2. ARRANGEMENT. or louvers. 3. Automatic dampers should be designed and constructed to minimize the possibility of accidental closing. DAMPERS. Vaults ventilated by natural circulation of air may have roughly half of the total area of openings required or ventilation in one or more openings near the floor and the remainder in one or more openings in the roof or in the sidewalls near the roof. shall be not less than 0. according to the treatment requirement required in order to avoid unsafe conditions. screens. 4.006 sqmm per KVA of transformer capacity in service. 5. Ventilation openings shall be covered with durable gratings.

WATER PIPES AND ACCESSORIES. Ventilating ducts shall be constructed of fire resistant material. Any pipe or duct system foreign to the electrical installation should not enter or pass through a transformer vault. Where practicable. 7. 8. . vaults containing more than 100KVA transformer capacity shall be provided with a drain or other means which will carry off any accumulation of oil or water in the vaults unless local conditions make this impracticable. appurtenances thereto which require maintenance at regular intervals shall not be located inside the vault. DUCTS.6. Arrangements shall be made where necessary to avoid possible trouble from compensation. leaks and breaks in such foreign system. Piping or other facilities provided for fire protection or for water-cooled transformers are not deemed to be foreign to the electrical installation. DRAINAGE. Where the presence of such foreign system cannot be avoided.

. Mechanical Protection. 4. 2. Capacitors shall be protected from physical damage by location or by suitable fences. The KVA rating shall not be less than 135 per cent of the capacitor rating in Kva. Exception No. Transformers Used with Capacitors. 1. 3. Transformers which are components of capacitor installations and are used for the purpose of connecting the capacitor to a power circuit shall be installed in accordance with PEC Section 319. Application. Exception No.11. 1. Cases and Supports. 2. 5. barriers or other enclosures. Capacitors in hazardous locations shall comply with additional requirements in PEC Section 400-415. barriers or other enclosures. Capacitors that are components of other apparatus shall conform to the requirements for such apparatus. This section applies to installation of capacitors on electric circuits in or on buildings. Capacitors. Location. An installation of capacitors in which any single unit contains more than three gallons of combustible liquid shall be in a vault conforming to part C of PEC Section 319. Capacitors shall be protected from physical damage by location or by suitable fences.

12. operation and maintenance of circuits. Emergency systems are generally installed in places of assembly where artificial illumination is required. Emergency systems provide power for such functions as refrigeration. All equipment for use on emergency systems shall be properly approved. illumination and power for hospital room. hotels. fire alarm systems. operation of mechanical breathing apparatus. The provisions of this Section shall apply to the installation. fire pumps. ventilation essential to maintain life. theaters. or by any government agency having jurisdiction. public address systems and other similar functions. hospitals and similar institutions. such as buildings subject to occupancy by large numbers of persons. Emergency Systems 1. industrial processes where current interruption would produce serious hazards. 3. All requirements of this Section shall apply to emergency systems. 2. systems and equipment intended to supply illumination and power in the event of failure of the normal supply or in the event of accident to elements of a system supplying power and illumination essential for safety to life and proper where such systems or circuits are required by the Fire Code. . sports arenas.

Emergency systems shall have adequate capacity and rating for the emergency operation of all equipment connected to the system. . A written record shall be kept of such tests and maintenance. d. The authority having jurisdiction shall conduct or witness a test on the complete system upon completion of installation. c. b. Where the battery systems or unit equipment are involved. and periodically afterwards.4. Systems shall be tested periodically in accordance with a schedule acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction to assure that they are maintained in proper operating condition. the authority having jurisdiction shall require periodic maintenance. Tests and Maintenance a. 5. including batteries used for starting or ignition in auxiliary engines.

will be immediately available. Current supply shall be such that in the event of failure of the normal supply to or within the building or group of buildings concerned. Assignment of degree of reliability of the recognized emergency supply system depends upon the careful evaluation of the variables of each particular installation. emergency lighting or emergency power. Unit equipment in accordance with Section 12. .7 to Section 12. whether for short duration. The supply system for emergency purposes may be composed one or more of the types of systems covered in Section 12. the total load of the circuits supplying emergency lighting and emergency power for a period of at least ½ hour. as for exit lights of a theater.6. or for long duration. as for supplying emergency power and lighting during long periods of current failure from trouble either inside or outside the buildings.10 of this Rule. A storage battery of suitable rating and capacity shall supply. 7. Consideration must be given to the type of service to be rendered.21 shall satisfy the applicable requirements of this Section. as in the case of a hospital. by means of a service installed according to Section 200 of the PEC and maintained at not more than 90 per cent of system voltage.

. (See Section 12. equipped with suitable means for automatically starting the prime mover on failure of the normal service shall be provided. The requirements of Section 12. For hospitals.4) 9. 10.6 also apply to installations where the entire electrical load on a service or sub-service is arranged to be supplied from a second source. the transitiontime from instant of failure of the normal power source to the emergency generator source shall not exceed ten seconds.5 and Section 12. There shall be two services.6. 11. with sufficient capacity and proper rating to supply circuits carrying emergency lighting or lighting and power. A generator set driven by some form of prime mover.8. each in accordance with Section 200 of the PEC. widely separated electrically and physically to minimize the possibility of simultaneous interruption of power supply arising from an occurrence within the building or group of buildings served. Connections on the line side of the main service shall be sufficiently separated from said main service to prevent simultaneous interruption of supply through an occurrence within the building or group of buildings served. Current supply from a standby power plant shall satisfy the requirements of availability in Section 12.

. c. 14. To indicate when a battery charger is properly functioning. Emergency illumination shall be provided for all required exit lights and all other lights specified as necessary for sufficient illumination. To give warning of dearrangement of the emergency or auxiliary source. for the following purposes: a. To indicate that the battery or generator set is carrying a load. 13. such as the burning out of a light bulb. shall not leave any area in total darkness. where practicable. b. Emergency lighting systems should be so designed and installed that the failure of any individual lighting element.12. Only appliances and lamps specified as required for emergency use shall be supplied by emergency lighting circuits. Audible and visual signal devices shall be provided.

Either or both systems may be part of the general lighting system of the protected occupancy if circuits supplying lights for emergency illumination are installed in accordance with other Section of this Rule. Two or more separate and complete systems with independent power supply. independent of the general lighting system with provisions for automatically transferring to the emergency lights by means of devices approved for the purpose upon the event of failure of the general lighting system supply. b. An emergency lighting supply. Such installations shall provide either one of the following: a. . means shall be provided for automatically energizing either system upon failure of the other. Unless both systems are used for regular lighting purposes and are both lighted. each system providing sufficient current for emergency lighting purposes. there shall be an emergency supply source to which the load will be transferred automatically and immediately upon the failure of the normal supply.15. 16. For branch circuits which supply equipment classed as emergency. Branch circuits intended to supply emergency lighting shall be so installed as to provide service immediately when the normal supply for lighting is interrupted.

17. 18.and four-way switches shall not be allowed. All manual switches for controlling emergency circuits shall be located at the most accessible place to authorized persons responsible for their actuation. one such switch may be installed in such locations and so arranged that it can energize but not disconnect for the circuit. 19. Additional switches which act only to put emergency lights into operation but not to disconnect them may be permitted. at least one of those switches shall be accessible only to authorized persons. . Emergency circuit wiring shall be kept entirely independent of all other wiring and equipment and shall not enter the same raceway. In exit or emergency lighting fixtures supplied from two (2) sources. In no case shall a control switch for emergency lighting in a theater for motion picture projection be placed in the projection booth or on the stage. b. except: a. box or cabinet with other wiring except: a. However. a switch for controlling emergency lighting systems shall be located in the lobby or at a place conveniently accessible there from. In transfer switches. or b. The switches installed in emergency lighting circuits shall be so arranged that only authorized persons have control of emergency lighting. Where two or more single throw switches are connected in parallel to control a single circuit. In places of assembly. where multiple switches are provided. Switches connected in series and three. such as theaters.

In hospital corridors. 22.20. Lights on the exterior of the building which are not required for illumination when there is sufficient daylight may be controlled by an automatic light actuated device approved for the purpose. in lieu of other methods specified elsewhere in this Section. and d. provided that the switching system is so designed that switches can only select between two sets of fixtures but cannot extinguish both sets at the same time. A relaying device arranged to energize the lamps automatically upon failure of the normal supply to the building . 21. switching arrangements to transfer corridor lighting in patient areas of hospitals from overhead fixtures to fixtures designed to provide night lighting maybe permitted. Where permitted by the authority having jurisdiction. Battery b. The branch circuits over current devices in emergency circuits shall be accessible to authorized persons only. 23. Battery charging means. One or more lamps. when a storage battery is used c. individual unit equipment for emergency illumination shall consist of: a.

13. whether of the acid or alkali type. Effectivity 1. . Lead-acid type storage batteries shall have transparent jars. at not less than 90 per cent of rated lamp voltage. shall be designed and constructed to meet the requirements of emergency service. All primary and secondary supply lines already existing shall comply with the provisions of this Rule within two (2) years from the effectivity of this Rule. The supply circuit between the unit equipment and the service. Emergency illumination fixtures which obtain power from a unit equipment which are not part of the unit equipment shall be wired to the unit equipment as required by Rule 5257 of the PEC and in accordance with the one of the wiring methods described in Chapter II of the PEC. 3. attached to. 2. the total lamp load associated with the unit for a period of at least ½ hour.The batteries shall be of suitable rating and capacity to supply and maintain. Non-compliance with the provisions of this Rule shall be subject to the penal provisions in Section 213 of PD 1096. Transformer installations already existing shall comply with the requirements within two (2) years from the effectivity of this Rule. or in buildings shall comply with the requirements of this Rule.17. They shall not be connected by flexible cord. Transformers to be installed on. Storage batteries. Unit equipment shall be permanently fixed in place and shall have all wiring to each unit installed in accordance with the requirements of any of the wiring methods discussed in Chapter II of the PEC. the feeders or the branch circuit wiring shall be installed as required by Section 12.

THANK YOU .

All separate loads of the circuit carry the same equal current and the total resistance. is the sum of the resistances around the circuit. the total current flowing through the circuit is the sum of the current flowing through each outlet. R.R1 10 amp R2 10 amp ELEC SOURCE R3 10 amp 10 amp R5 R4 CIRCUIT IN SERIES SERIES CIRCUIT – is one in which the components are connected in tandem. With this system. Each outlet has a live wire connected to the current carrying wire of the circuit and also a neutral wire or grounded wire connected to the return wire of the circuit. R = R1 + R2 + R3 + R4 + R5 3 amp + ELECTRICAL SOURCE R1 1 amp R2 1 amp R3 1 amp CIRCUIT IN PARALLEL 1 R= 1/R1 + 1/R2 + 1/R3 PARALLEL CIRCUIT (or Multiple Circuit) – is one in which the components or loads are so arranged that the current divides between them. .