YALE UNIVERSITY

BEHIND THE SCENES

By William P. Litynski

“FOR GOD, FOR COUNTRY, AND FOR YALE…”

Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. partners appear for a formal portrait in 1959. E. Roland Harriman, former Secretary of Defense Robert A. Lovett, Knight Woolley, John B. Madden, and Stephen Y. Hord were members of SKULL & BONES. John C. West was a member of SCROLL & KEY. Moreau D. Brown and Thomas McCance were members of WOLF’S HEAD. (Source: Fleshing Out Skull & Bones by Kris Millegan)

Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. partners (from left to right) Thatcher M. Brown, Ray Morris, H. D. Pennington, Prescott S. Bush, Thomas McCance, and Knight Woolley pose for the camera at their office in New York City in July 1945. Ray Morris, Prescott S. Bush, and Knight Woolley were members of SKULL & BONES at Yale University. Thatcher M. Brown and Thomas McCance were members of WOLF’S HEAD at Yale University. (Photo: Herbert Gehr/Time Life)

Yale graduates include George H.W. Bush, Porter Goss, and R. James Woolsey (graduate of Yale Law School). (Source: At the Center of the Storm: My Years at the CIA by George Tenet)

Former CIA Director R. James Woolsey (left) listens as U.S. Senator Joe Lieberman (D-CT) talks to the press on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C. on July 20, 2004. Woolsey is a graduate of Yale Law School. (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

Averell Harriman (left) and Secretary of Defense Robert A. Lovett (center) chat with Secretary of State Dean Acheson in January 1951. (Photo by Lisa Larsen/Time Life Pictures/Getty Images)

New York City Mayor Robert F. Wagner Jr. (left) talks with Averell Harriman (center) and Pennsylvania Governor David L. Lawrence (right) in Los Angeles, California in July 1960. Robert F. Wagner Jr. was a member of Scroll & Key at Yale University; Averell Harriman was a member of Skull & Bones at Yale University. (Photo: Grey Villet/Life Magazine)

Left to right: Secretary of State Dean Acheson, U.S. Army General Dwight D. Eisenhower (the Supreme Allied Commander of Europe), Secretary of Defense Robert Lovett, and Council on Foreign Relations director W. Averell Harriman stand together in 1952. All four men in that photo were members of the Council on Foreign Relations. Dean Acheson was a member of Scroll & Key. Robert Lovett and W. Averell Harriman were members of Skull & Bones. (Source: Partners in Banking: A Historical Portrait of A Great Private Bank Brown Brothers Harriman & Co., 1818-1968 by John A. Kouwenhoven)

Clockwise, left to right: Ambassador-at-Large Averell Harriman, President Lyndon B. Johnson, Ford Foundation President McGeorge Bundy, U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union Llewellyn E. Thompson, Secretary of State Dean Rusk, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, and National Security Advisor Walt Rostow meet privately at the Glassboro Summit Conference in Glassboro, New Jersey on June 25, 1967. Averell Harriman, McGeorge Bundy, and Walt Rostow graduated from Yale University. (Photo: Yoichi R. Okamoto, Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Library)

Army Chief of Staff Gen. Harold K. Johnson, Secretary of the Army Stanley Resor, National Security Advisor McGeorge Bundy, President Lyndon B. Johnson, and Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara meet to discuss the Vietnam War on July 22, 1965. Stanley Resor is a member of Scroll & Key. McGeorge Bundy was a member of Skulll & Bones. (Photo: Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Library)

President Lyndon B. Johnson (left) meets with Council on Foreign Relations members Walt Rostow, William Bundy, Cyrus Vance, and former President Dwight Eisenhower aboard Air Force One on April 18, 1968. Walt Rostow, William Bundy, and Cyrus Vance were graduates of Yale University.

Morgan bankers Harold Stanley (left), George Whitney (center), and Russell Leffingwell discuss banking matters in 1939. All three men were members of the Council on Foreign Relations. Harold Stanley was a member of Skull & Bones. Harold Stanley and Russell Leffingwell were graduates of Yale University.

From left to right: Philip Habib, Cyrus Vance, Gen. Andrew Goodpaster, Averell Harriman, President Lyndon B. Johnson, and William Jorden walk in the Rose Garden on May 8, 1968. Cyrus Vance was a member of Scroll & Key, and Averell Harriman was a member of Skull & Bones.

President Ronald Reagan poses with his Cabinet on January 20, 1984. (Photo: Ronald Reagan Presidential Library) Front row, left to right: Donald Regan, Secretary of the Treasury; Vice President George H.W. Bush; President Ronald Reagan; George Shultz, Secretary of State; Caspar Weinberger, Secretary of Defense Second row, left to right : Terrel Bell, Secretary of Education; Jeane Kirkpatrick, U.S. Representative to the United Nations; David Stockman, Director, Office of Management & Budget; William French Smith, Attorney General; Elizabeth Dole, Secretary of Transportation; Donald Hodel, Secretary of Energy; Margaret Heckler, Secretary of Health & Human Services Third row, left to right: John Block, Secretary of Agriculture; Raymond Donovan, Secretary of Labor; Malcolm Baldrige, Secretary of Commerce; Samuel Pierce, Secretary of Housing & Urban Development; William Clark, Secretary of the Interior; William Casey, Director, Central Intelligence Agency; Edwin Meese, III, Counselor to the President; William Brock, U.S. Trade Representative Yale University graduates include George H.W. Bush (a member of Skull & Bones), Malcolm Baldrige (a member of Wolf’s Head), and Edwin Meese III.

John Negroponte (left), the Director of National Intelligence, watches President George W. Bush (right) shakes hands with Central Intelligence Agency Director Porter Goss (center) in the Oval Office on Friday, May 5, 2006, after Porter Goss announced his resignation. All three men graduated from Yale University. (White House photo by Eric Draper)

U.S. Senator Joseph Lieberman (I-CT) (L), a supporter of presidential candidate U.S. Senator John McCain (R-AZ), debates with U.S. Senator John Kerry (D-MA) (2nd L), a supporter of presidential hopeful Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL), as moderator Tom Brokaw (R) looks on during a taping of "Meet the Press" at the NBC studios in Washington, D.C. on August 3, 2008. Lieberman and Kerry discussed issues related to the presidential elections in November 2008. Joseph Lieberman and John Kerry are graduates of Yale University. (Reuters)

U.S. Senator John Kerry (D-MA) (R) and DNC Chairman Howard Dean talk prior to the first of three presidential debates before the 2008 presidential election in the Gertrude Castellow Ford Center at the University of Mississippi in Oxford, Mississippi on September 26, 2008. John Kerry and Howard Dean are graduates of Yale University. (Getty Images)

John D. Negroponte (center) shakes hands with Sen. Joe Lieberman (I-CT) (right) while Sen. Ted Stevens (R-AK) (left) stands nearby during Negroponte's confirmation hearing for his nomination as U.S. Deputy Secretary of State before the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C. on January 30, 2007. John D. Negroponte and Joe Lieberman are graduates of Yale University. (Getty Images)

The first Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, Porter Goss, greets President George W. Bush at CIA Headquarters (Photo: Central Intelligence Agency)

Left photo: Senator Joe Lieberman, Senator Hillary Clinton, and President George W. Bush. Hillary Clinton is a graduate of Yale Law School. Right photo: Bill Clinton hired GOP veteran David Gergen in 1993 to steer White House communications after the travel office firings. David Gergen is a graduate of Yale University. Bill Clinton graduated from Yale Law School. (Associated Press)

Standing from left to right: Congressman Chris Smith (R-NJ), Congressman Porter Goss (R-FL), Congressman Timothy J. Roemer (D-IN), Senator Joseph Lieberman (D-CT), and Henry Kissinger watch President George W. Bush sign the Intelligence Authorization Act in the Roosevelt Room of the White House on November 27, 2002. The two men standing on the far left are unidentified. Lieberman and Kissinger are members of the Council on Foreign Relations; Goss was a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. President Bush appointed Henry Kissinger (right) as the chairman of an independent non-partisan commission to study the facts from the terrorist incidents on September 11, 2001. (Stephen Jaffe/AFP/Getty Images)

President George W. Bush presents a medal to Lewis Paul Bremer III, the former occupational administrator of Iraq, at the White House on December 14, 2004. Bush and Bremer are graduates of Yale University. (Source: http://www.mona-lisa.org/USA.htm)

President Bill Clinton and Senator Hillary Clinton visit President-elect George W. Bush at the White House in January 2001. (Photo: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/exhibits/dianawalker/highlights.html)

Yale President A. Whitney Griswald (center) presents Honorary Degree Awards to (left to right) Norman S. Buck, Senator Prescott S. Bush, President John F. Kennedy, and former Secretary of State Dean Acheson (far right) at Yale University. Prescott S. Bush was a member of SKULL & BONES. Dean Acheson was a member of SCROLL & KEY. Griswold was a member of WOLF’S HEAD. (Photo by Bob Gomel//Time Life Pictures/Getty Images)

Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller appears with Albany Mayor Erastus Corning III (center) in the New York State Capitol Rotunda at the unveiling of the architect's model of the Uptown Campus in June 1962. Erastus Corning III was a member of WOLF’S HEAD at Yale University. (University at Albany Library Archives Photograph Collection, #1319)

Pennsylvania Governor William W. Scranton (left) listens to Rhode Island Governor John H. Chafee during a meeting in November 1963. John H. Chafee was a member of SKULL & BONES at Yale University. William W. Scranton is a member of BERZELIUS at Yale University. (Photo by Bob Gomel/Time Life Pictures/Getty Images)

President Dwight Eisenhower (right) is seen chatting with commission chairman Clarence Randall as he poses with the commission on foreign economic policy at the White House Rose Garden on September 23, 1953. Second row (from left): Jesse W. Tapp; Rep. Jon Vorys, Ohio; Sen. Prescott Bush, Connecticut. Third row: John R. Williams; David J. McDonald and John Hay Whitney. Fourth row: Rep. Jere Cooper, Tennessee; Sen. Walter George, Georgia; Sen. Eugene Milliken, Colorado. Fifth row: Rep. Laurie Battle, Alabama; Cola G. Parker; Rep. Daniel Reed, New York; Lamar Flemming and Sen. Harry Byrd, Virginia. John Vorys and Prescott Bush were members of SKULL & BONES at Yale University. John Hay Whitney was a member of SCROLL & KEY. (Bettmann/CORBIS)

President Lyndon B. Johnson is joined by several of his top advisors to discuss the Vietnam War at Camp David on April 9, 1968. From left to right: U.S. Ambassador to South Vietnam Ellsworth Bunker, President Lyndon B. Johnson, Averell Harriman, Secretary of State Dean Rusk, and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Earle Wheeler. Averell Harriman was a member of Skull & Bones at Yale University. Ellsworth Bunker and Averell Harriman graduated from Yale University. (Wally McNamee/CORBIS)

Standing with three co-defendants, famed pediatrician Dr. Benjamin Spock (second from left) talks to news reporters on June 14, 1968 after they were convicted by a federal jury of conspiring to counsel young men to evade the draft. Left to right are: author Mitchell Goodman, Spock, Michael Ferber and Rev. William Sloane Coffin Jr., Chaplain of Yale University. A fifth defendant, Marcus Raskin, was acquitted. Benjamin Spock was a member of Scroll & Key; William Sloane Coffin Jr. was a member of Skull & Bones. (Bettmann/CORBIS)

Left to right: New York City mayoral candidates Democratic Party candidate Abe Beame, Conservative Party candidate William F. Buckley, and Liberal Republican candidate John V. Lindsay pose for photographers prior to November elections in New York City in October 1965. William F. Buckley Jr. was a member of Skull & Bones; John V. Lindsay was a member of Scroll & Key. (Bettmann/CORBIS)

Jane Coffin Childs Memorial Fund for Medical Research, established 1937. This endowment fund, initially valued at $3.5 million dollars, has long provided funds for cancer research to Yale and other institutions. It was established in 1937 by a gift in trust to Yale University by Starling W. Childs and Alice C. Coffin in memory of their daughter Jane Coffin Childs who died of cancer. The grant recipients were selected by a Board of Scientific Advisors, under the directorship of Stanhope Bayne-Jones. In its first three years, the Fund made grants for cancer research totaling $138,000. Today the Jane Coffin Childs Memorial Fund, which is housed in Sterling Hall of Medicine, awards fellowships for cancer research to recent M.Ds and Ph.Ds. The photograph shows the Managers of the Fund in 1938. First row: Frederic C. Walcott, U.S. Senator from Connecticut; Starling W. Childs, founder of the Fund; Charles Seymour, President of Yale. Second row: Christie P. Hamilton; Stanhope Bayne-Jones, first Director of the Fund and Dean of the Medical School; George Parmly Day, Secretary of Yale. Frederic C. Walcott, Charles Seymour, and Stanhope Bayne-Jones were members of Skull & Bones. George Parmly Day was a member of Scroll & Key. (Source: http://info.med.yale.edu/library/exhibits/yalemed2/1931-1941.html)

The Red Cross War Council meets during World War I. Front row, left to right: Robert W. DeForest, President Woodrow Wilson, former President William Howard Taft, and Eliot Wadsworth. Back row, left to right: Henry P. Davison, Col. Grayson M.P. Murphy, Charles D. Norton, and Edward N. Hurley. Robert W. DeForest, Eliot Wadsworth, Grayson M.P. Murphy, Charles D. Norton, and Edward N. Hurley were members of the Council on Foreign Relations. Robert W. DeForest was a member of Scroll & Key at Yale University. William Howard Taft was a member of Skull & Bones at Yale University.

Bill Clinton spoke to the Yale Law School community on the occasion of his 35th Yale Law School (YLS) reunion at the Woolsey Hall at Yale University on October 4, 2008. (Photo: Flickr)

Hillary Clinton, a graduate of Yale Law School.

Howard Dean, a graduate of Yale University (undergraduate).

YALE UNIVERSITY PHOTOS

Former Yale President Timothy Dwight (left), U.S. President William Howard Taft, and Yale President Arthur Twining Hadley walk together during a commencement at Yale University on June 21, 1911. All three men were members of Skull & Bones. (Source: Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University Library)

Members of the Yale Corporation on October 7, 1950 Front row, left to right: Wilmarth S. Lewis, Henry Knox Sherrill, F. Trubee Davison, Rev. Arthur Howe Bradford, A. Whitney Griswold (president), Robert A. Taft, Dean G. Acheson, George Van Santvoord, Morris Hadley. Back row, left to right: Jonathan B. Bingham, Lewis H. Weed, Charles D. Dickey, Edwin F. Blair, Rev. Morgan Phelps Noyes, Irving S. Olds, Juan T. Trippe, Robert T. B. Stevens. F. Trubee Davison, Rev. Arthur Howe Bradford, Sen. Robert A. Taft, Morris Hadley, Jonathan B. Bingham, and Edwin F. Blair were members of Skull & Bones. Wilmarth S. Lewis, Dean G. Acheson, Lewis H. Weed, and Charles D. Dickey were members of Scroll & Key. A. Whitney Griswold was a member of Wolf’s Head.

Members of the Yale Corporation in October 1956 Front row, left to right: Morris Hadley, Wilmarth S. Lewis, Henry Knox Sherrill, A. Whitney Griswold (president), Dean G. Acheson, George Van Santvoord, Morgan Phelps Noyes. Back row, left to right: Stanhope Bayne-Jones, John Hay Whitney, Lucius F. Robinson, Charles D. Dickey, Edwin F. Blair, Juan T. Trippe, George H. Walker Jr., Charles M. Spofford. Missing: Prescott S. Bush and Gardiner M. Day. Morris Hadley, Stanhope Bayne-Jones, Edwin F. Blair, George H. Walker Jr., Charles M. Spofford, and Senator Prescott S. Bush were member of Skull & Bones. Wilmarth S. Lewis, Dean G. Acheson, and John Hay Whitney were members of Scroll & Key. A. Whitney Griswold was a member of Wolf’s Head. George Van Santvoord was a Rhodes Scholar.

Members of the Yale Corporation members in November 1958 Front row, left to right: Morris Hadley, Wilmarth S. Lewis, Henry Knox Sherrill, A. Whitney Griswold (president), Dean G. Acheson, George Van Santvoord, Morgan P. Noyes. Back row, left to right: B. Brewster Jennings, Lucius F. Robinson, Jr., Gardiner M. Day, Charles D. Dickey, Edwin F. Blair, Juan T. Trippe, George H. Walker, Jr., Charles M. Spofford. Absent: John Hay Whitney. Morris Hadley, Edwin F. Blair, George H. Walker Jr., and Charles M. Spofford were members of Skull & Bones. Wilmarth S. Lewis, Dean G. Acheson, B. Brewster Jennings, and John Hay Whitney were members of Scroll & Key. A. Whitney Griswold was a member of Wolf’s Head.

Members of the Yale Corporation on November 7, 1959 Front row, left to right: Edwin F. Blair, George Van Santvoord, Dean G. Acheson, A. Whitney Griswold (president), Wilmarth S. Lewis, Morris Hadley, Charles D. Dickey. Back row, left to right: J. Irwin Miller, Herbert F. Sturdy, Charles M. Spofford, Rev. Gardiner M. Day, Juan T. Trippe, G. Herbert Walker, B. Brewster Jennings, J. Richardson Dilworth, Rev. Amos N. Wilder. Absent: John Hay Whitney. Edwin F. Blair, Morris Hadley, Charles M. Spofford, G. Herbert Walker, and J. Richardson Dilworth were members of Skull & Bones. Dean G. Acheson, Wilmarth S. Lewis, Charles D. Dickey, B. Brewster Jennings, and John Hay Whitney were members of Scroll & Key. A. Whitney Griswold was a member of Wolf’s Head.

Members of the Yale Corporation in April 1962 Front row, left to right: Juan Terry Trippe, Charles Denston Dickey, Wilmarth S. Lewis, A. Whitney Griswold (president), Morris Hadley, Edwin Foster Blair, Rev. Gardiner Mumford Day. Back row, left to right: William Putnam Bundy, Rev. Amos Niven Wilder, Joseph Richardson Dilworth, Benjamin Brewster Jennings, John Hay Whitney, Charles Merville Spofford, Herbert Francis Sturdy, Joseph Irwin Miller, Harold Howe II, Thomas Keith Glennan. Morris Hadley, Edwin Foster Blair, William Putnam Bundy, Joseph Richardson Dilworth, Charles Merville Spofford, and Harold Howe II were members of Skull & Bones. Charles Denston Dickey, Wilmarth S. Lewis, Benjamin Brewster Jennings, and John Hay Whitney were members of Scroll & Key. A. Whitney Griswold was a member of Wolf’s Head.

Members of the Yale Corporation in March 1964 Front row, left to right: John Hay Whitney, Juan T. Trippe, Wilmarth S. Lewis, Kingman Brewster (president), Edwin F. Blair, Rev. Gardiner M. Day, B. Brewster Jennings. Back row, left to right: Caryl P. Haskins, William McChesney Martin, Rev. Amos N. Wilder, J. Richardson Dilworth, Herbert F. Sturdy, J. Irwin Miller, Harold Howe, II, T. Keith Glennan, William P. Bundy, Frank O. H. Williams. Edwin F. Blair, J. Richardson Dilworth, Harold Howe II, and William P. Bundy were members of Skull & Bones. John Hay Whitney, WIlmarth S. Lewis, and B. Brewster Jennings were members of Scroll & Key. William McChesney Martin (Jr.) was the Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board.

Members of the Yale Corporation in 1965 Front row, left to right: J. Richardson Dilworth, Rev. Gardiner M. Day, Edwin F. Blair, Kingman Brewster (president), Juan T. Trippe, John Hay Whitney, J. Irwin Miller. Back row, left to right: Rt. Rev. Paul Moore, Jr., John V. Lindsay, Caryl P. Haskins, T. Keith Glennan, Harold Howe, II, William McChesney Martin, Frank O. H. Williams, Frederick B. Adams, Jr., William Horowitz. Absent: William P. Bundy. J. Richardson Dilworth, Edwin F. Blair, Harold Howe II, Frederick B. Adams Jr., and William P. Bundy were members of Skull & Bones. John Hay Whitney and John V. Lindsay were members of Scroll & Key. William McChesney Martin (Jr.) was the Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board.

Members of the Yale Corporation in April 1968 Front row, left to right: Joseph Irwin Miller, John Hay Whitney, Edwin Foster Blair, Kingman Brewster, Jr., The Reverend Gardiner Mumford Day, Joseph Richardson Dilworth, and Harold Howe II. Back row, left to right: William Warren Scranton, The Right Reverend Paul Moore, Jr., John Vliet Lindsay, William McChesney Martin Jr., William Putnam Bundy, Caryl Parker Haskins, Frederick Baldwin Adams Jr., William Horowitz, and Spencer Dumaresq Moseley. Absent: Arthur Kittredge Watson. Edwin Foster Blair, Joseph Richardson Dilworth, Harold Howe II, William Putnam Bundy, Frederick Baldwin Adams Jr., and Spencer Dumaresq Moseley were members of Skull & Bones. John Hay Whitney and John Vliet Lindsay were members of Scroll & Key. The Right Reverend Paul Moore Jr. was a member of Wolf’s Head.

Members of the Yale Corporation in 1979 Front row, left to right: Lance Malcolm Liebman, Rt. Rev. Paul Moore, Jr., J. Richardson Dilworth, A. Bartlett Giamatti (president), William Putnam Bundy, William Sperry Beinecke, John Beckwith Madden. Back row, left to right: Vernon Reece Loucks Jr., Barbara Scott Preiskel, Bayless Manning, Maxine Frank Singer, Rev. Davie Napier, Strobe Talbott, Joseph Hill Williams, Gilbert Melville Grosvenor, Harold Edward Woodsum. Absent: David Charles Grimes. J. Richardson Dilworth, William Putnam Bundy, John Beckwith Madden, Vernon Reece Loucks Jr., and Harold Edward Woodsum are (or were) members of Skull & Bones. A. Bartlett Giamatti was a member of Scroll & Key.

Members of the Yale Corporation in 1981 Front row, left to right: Maxine Frank Singer, Cyrus Roberts Vance, Rt. Rev. Paul Moore, Jr., A. Bartlett Giamatti (president), William Sperry Beinecke, Lance Malcolm Liebman, John Beckwith Madden. Back row, left to right: Stanley Rogers Resor, Vernon Reece Loucks, Jr., Joseph Hill Williams, Bayless Manning, Strobe Talbott, Barbara Scott Preiskel, Gilbert Melville Grosvenor, Harold Edward Woodsum, Frederick Baily Dent. Cyrus Vance, Paul Moore Jr., A. Bartlett Giamatti, William S. Beinecke, Stanley R. Resor, Joseph H. Williams, Bayless Manning, and Strobe Talbott are (or were) members of the Council on Foreign Relations. Strobe Talbott is a Rhodes Scholar. John B. Madden and Vernon R. Loucks Jr. are (or were) members of Skull & Bones. Cyrus R. Vance, A. Bartlett Giamatti, Stanley R. Resor, and Frederick B. Dent are (or were) members of Scroll & Key.

Yale Corporation members John C. Danforth (left), Hanna Holborn Gray, and William Henry Donaldson meet with Yale President Kingman Brewster (right). William Henry Donaldson is a member of Skull & Bones; William Henry Donaldson served as the Chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission under President George W. Bush.

President-elect Alfred Whitney Griswold (left) talks to President Charles Seymour shortly after the announcement of Professor Griswold’s election to the top Yale post. Griswold and Seymour are standing on Blount Avenue on Cross Campus on February 12, 1950. Charles Seymour was a member of Skull & Bones. Alfred Whitney Griswold was a member of Wolf’s Head.

President Kingman Brewster and honorary degree recipients stand on the steps of Woodbridge Hall on June 15, 1964. Front row, left to right: The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., LL.D.; U.S. Senator John Sherman Cooper (R-KY), LL.D.; William Averell Harriman, LL.D.; President Kingman Brewster; Lynn Fontanne, L.H.D..; Philip Caryl Jessup, LL.D.; and Winfred Ernest Garrison, D.D. Back row, left to right: Philip Hauge Abelson, Sc.D.; Edmund Sagendorph Mason, LL.D.; Victor Frederick Weisskopf, Sc.D.; Alfred Lunt, L.H.D.; Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr., LL.D.; Julian Parks Boyd, D.H.L.; and Edouard Alexandre Stackpole, M.A.H. U.S. Senator John Sherman Cooper and William Averell Harriman, who was serving as the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, were members of Skull & Bones. Robert Sargent Shriver Jr. was a member of Scroll & Key.

Yale Secretary Reuben Holden holds the Yale President’s Collar while Howard Sayre Weaver holds the Yale Mace and the four university keys in front of a portrait of Elihu Yale in Woodbridge Hall in April 1964. Reuben Holden and Howard Sayre Weaver were members of Skull & Bones.

Students of the Yale Class of 1869 pose for a group portrait on the steps of the Old Connecticut Statehouse on the New Haven Green in New Haven, Connecticut in 1869. (Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University)
Prominent students of the Yale Class of 1869 include: Wilson Shannon Bissell (B.A. Yale 1869, Skull & Bones) – Postmaster General of the United States (1893-1895) Cornelius Thomas Driscoll (B.A. Yale 1869, LL.B Yale 1871) – Corporation Counsel of New Haven (1883-1889, 1891-1895) Austin Scott (B.A. Yale 1869) – President of Rutgers College (1891-1906); Mayor of New Brunswick, New Jersey (1913-1915) John R. Thayer (B.A. Yale 1869) – Member of the U.S. House of Representatives (Democrat-Massachusetts, 1899-1905) Eli Whitney, Jr. (B.A. Yale 1869, Scroll & Key) – Member (1891-1894) and President (1897-1909) of New Haven Board of Education

Students of Yale Class of 1878 appear on the Fence facing Chapel Street in New Haven, Connecticut. Buildings behind the students were South College (1793-1893) and the Athenaeum (1761-1893), also known as First Chapel. (Photo: Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University)
Prominent students of the Yale Class of 1878 include: Howard C. Hollister (B.A. Yale 1878, Scroll & Key) – Judge of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio (1910-1919) Henry M. Hoyt, Jr. (B.A. Yale 1878, Scroll & Key) – Solicitor General of the United States (1903-1909) Merrill Moores (B.A. Yale 1878) – U.S. Congressman (Republican-Indiana, 1915-1925) James P. Pigott (B.A. Yale 1878, LL.B. Yale 1880) – U.S. Congressman (Democrat-Connecticut, 1893-1895) Alfred Lawrence Ripley (B.A. Yale 1878, Scroll & Key) – Chairman of the board of Merchants National Bank of Boston (1929-1943) William Howard Taft (B.A. Yale 1878, Skull & Bones) – President of the United States (1909-1913); Chief Justice of U.S. Supreme Court (1921-1930); U.S. Secretary of War (1904-1908)

The 1920 Yale News Board magazine editorial staff Front row, left to right: Francis Thayer Hobson, managing editor Henry R. Luce, chairman Briton Hadden, C. Stuart Heminway, assignment editor William D. Whitney. Back row P.I. Prentice, Calvin Trowbridge, Alan Magee Scaife, Donald Rentert, Louis Sheridan. Francis Thayer Hobson, Henry R. Luce, and Briton Hadden were members of Skull & Bones. C. Stuart Heminway and William D. Whitney were members of Scroll & Key. Henry R. Luce was the founder of Time and Life magazines.

Yale baseball team of 1874 Back row: Eugene Ernest Osborn, PhB 1874; George Francis Bentley, BA 1873; Charles Hammond Avery, BA 1875; Cortes Maxwell, BA 1875; Walter Irving Bigelow, BA 1877. Front row: Frank Wade Foster, BA 1874; Edward Curtis Smith, BA 1875; John Lewis Scudder, BA 1874; Albert Hotchkiss, nongraduate, 1875; and Alexander Brown Nevin, BA 1874. Charles Hammond Avery, Walter Irving Bigelow, and Edward Curtis Smith were members of Skull & Bones.

Yale University crew team of 1897 Standing, left to right: George T. Marsh, 1898; William E.S. Griswold, 1899; James C. Greenway, 1900. Seated on chairs: Henry G. Campbell, 1897; Paul D. Mills, Sheff 1897; Payne Whitney, 1898; Phillip H. Bailey, captain, 1897; George Langford, Sheff 1897; Fred W. Allen, 1900; David F. Rogers, 1898. Seated in front: Louis F. Greene, coxswain, non-graduate 1899. William E.S. Griswold, James C. Greenway, Payne Whitney, Phillip H. Bailey, Fred W. Allen, David F. Rogers were members of Skull & Bones.

Yale Crew Team of 1889 Back row, left to right: Charles F. Rogers, Sheff 1890; George S. Brewster, 1891; Fairfax Harrison, 1890; William Herbert Corbin, 1889; Ashbel Barney Newell, 1890; John Hartwell, Sheff 1889; and E. L. Caldwell, stroke. Middle row, left to right: Philip Allen, Sheff 1890; George Washington Woodruff, 1889, captain; and Charles Otis Gill, 1889. Front row: Ralph Thompson, 1890, coxswain. Fairfax Harrison, William Herbert Corbin, George W. Woodruff, and Charles Otis Gill were members of Skull & Bones. George S. Brewster and Ashbel Barney Newell were members of Scroll & Key.

The Yale football team of 1916 Front row, left to right: Heyliger Church, 1917; Joseph Michael Neville, 1918; Harold Dearborn Carey, 1918S. Second row, left to right: Chester James LaRoche, 1918S; Emile Jacques, 1917S; Lawrance Webster Fox, Jr., 1917S; Howard Malcolm Baldrige, 1918; Artemus Lamb Gates, 1918; Clinton Rutherford Black, Jr., captain, 1917S; Harry William LeGore, 1917; George Clark Moseley, 1917S; Charles Aloysius Comerford, 1918S; John Timothy Callahan, 1918S. Back row, left to right: James Madison Braden, 1918; Charles Lunt Galt, 1919; Albert W. Olsen, manager, 1917; Charles Phelps Taft, 2nd, 1918; Reginald Lovett Hutchinson, 1918S. The football team record was 1-8 that year. Howard Malcolm Baldrige, Artemus Lamb Gates, Harry William LeGore, and Albert W. Olsen, and Charles Phelps Taft 2nd were members of Skull & Bones. Charles Lunt Galt was a member of Scroll & Key.

The original group of the first Yale Unit at Palm Beach, Florida appear together circa 1918-1919.
Front row, left to right: Wellesley Laud Brown, Ella (mascot, dog), and Henry P. Davison Jr. Back row, left to right: John M. Vorys, Artemus L. Gates, Albert J. Ditman Jr., Allan W. Ames, David McCulloch (instructor of the group), F. Trubee Davison, Robert A. Lovett, and Erl C. B. Gould. This photograph appears on page 33 of Ralph D. Paine's book, "The First Yale Unit," vol. I. Henry P. Davison Jr., John M. Vorys, Artemus L. Gates, Allan W. Ames, F. Trubee Davison, and Robert A. Lovett were members of Skull & Bones. Erl C. B. Gould was a member of Scroll & Key. (Source: Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University Library)

Yale Pundits Class of 1937 Front row, left to right: Albert Beecher Crawford (BA 1913, MA 1921, PhD 1928), William Lyon Phelps (BA 1887, PhD 1891), Potter Stewart, John deK. Alsop. Second row, left to right: Peter H. Behr, Richard L. Linkroum, Carter C. Higgins, Louis T. Stone Jr., Harold M. Turner, and W. Cary Potter. Potter Stewart, Louis T. Stone Jr., and Harold M. Turner were members of Skull & Bones. Albert Beecher Crawford, John deK. Alsop, and W. Cary Potter were members of Scroll & Key.

A Yale Junior Promenade Committee appears together in 1937. Front row, left to right: Dudley V. Sutphin, John W. Field, Potter Stewart, (Treasurer), Howard Albert Austin, Jr., (chairman), Frederic Hiester Brooke Jr. (floor manager), Cornelius B. Watson, Jr., Joseph H. Bascom. Back row, left to right: Thomas G. Burke, Robert S. Carey, Harcourt F. Schutz, Robert S. Ingersoll, Robert H. Beckwith. John W. Field, Potter Stewart, and Frederic Hiester Brooke Jr. were members of Skull & Bones. Dudley V. Sutphin (front row, far left) and Robert H. Beckwith (back row, far right) were members of Scroll & Key.

Original members of the Whiffenpoofs pose for a group portrait in 1910. Left to right: Meade Minnigerode, George Pomeroy, Denton Fowler, James Howard, and Carl Lohmann. James Howard and Carl Lohmann were members of Skull & Bones. (Photo: http://www.whiffenpoofs.com/)

The 1909 Yale Varsity Quartet, from left to right: Meade Minnigerode, George Pomeroy, James Howard, and Carl Lohmann. The 1909 Varsity Quartet added Denton Fowler in early 1910 and became the Whiffenpoofs. James Howard and Carl Lohmann were members of Skull & Bones.

The Whiffenpoofs of 1947 singing in front of a fireplace in the Berkeley College Fellow’s Lounge. The Lounge was formerly the playroom in the Master's House of the college. From left: Wally Collins, 1948, Skip White '47, Fletcher Richards '47, Bob Ziesing '47, Bart Smith '47, Phil Toohey '47, Bill Oler '47, Dick Koehne '47, Wolcott Ely '47, George Holmes '47, Bob Williams '47, Tee Hemenway '47, Clarke Oler '49, and Lucius Biglow '48. Lucius Biglow was a member of Skull & Bones.

The Whiffenpoofs of 1915 Left to Right: Sheldon “Rollo” Eliot Hoadley, PhB 1915; George “Pat” Patterson Crandall, BA 1915; Arthur “Art” Farwell Tuttle, BA 1915; Barnes “Barney” Newberry, BA 1915; Kenneth “Toad” Duryee Hull, BA 1915; Norman “Normy” Franklin Thompson BA 1915; Winthrop “Winnie” Holley Brooks, BA 1915, Harold “Puny” Armstrong Pumpelly, BA 1915. Harold “Punty” Armstrong Pumpelly was a member of Skull & Bones. Arthur “Art” Farwell Tuttle and Kenneth “Toad” Duryee Hull were members of Scroll & Key.

The Whiffenpoofs of 1917 Left to Right: “Eck” Markle, Oliver B. Cunningham, Lawrence Newbold Murray, “Woody” Ward, Kenneth O’Brien, Prescott S. Bush, Richard Bentley, and Stuart Holmes Clement. Oliver B. Cunningham and Prescott S. Bush were members of Skull & Bones. Lawrence Newbold Murray, Kenneth O’Brien, Richard Bentley, and Stuart Holmes Clement were members of Scroll & Key. (Photo: Yale University Manuscripts and Archives)

Yale Debate Team of Yale Class of 1966 Debate Team President William B. Stanberry Jr. (front row, center); Debate Team Vice-President Duncan Campbell (unidentified); Member at large: Michael Avery (unidentified). Class of 1967; Manager: Bradford C. Snell (unidentified); Secretary: Lois Wiley (unidentified). John Forbes Kerry (back row, third from left) and Rollin G. Osterweis, Director of Debating and Public Speaking (back row, first from left) appear in this photo. William B. Stanberry Jr., Bradford C. Snell, and John Forbes Kerry are members of Skull & Bones.

Members of the Yale Aurelian Honor Society, Class of 1964 Front row, left to right: James G. Speth, Thomas D. Rowe Jr., Angus C. Macbeth, Strachan Donnelley, and Anthony W. Morris. Second row, left to right: Byron K. Huffman, Jr., Val L. Koromzay, John F. Meigs, David L. Sherman, Joseph I. Lieberman, and George M. Humphrey, II. Back row, left to right: Stephen F. Feinstein, Stephen D. Kahn, Wallace C. Winter, Wendell A. Mottley, and Howard F. Gillette Jr. Not pictured are Pieere H. Canu, Philip S. Deloria, Don C. Firenze, and Robert G. Kaiser. Thomas D. Rowe Jr. and Howard F. Gillette Jr. are members of Skull & Bones. James G. Speth and Thomas D. Rowe Jr. are Rhodes Scholars. James G. Speth and Joseph I. Lieberman are members of the Council on Foreign Relations. Byron K. Huffman Jr. and George M. Humphrey II are members of Scroll & Key.

Yale University Dramatic Association, 1908-1909. Published in “Yale Banner and Pot-Pourri,” 1908-1909. Cataloged as Yg11 B3 v. 1, page 250. Front row: Arthur Amory Gammell; Thomas Hewes; Hubert McDonnell; and Francis Bayard Rives. Second row: Robert Mallory, Jr.; Matthew Griswold Ely; Frank Lea Short; Francis Peabody Butler; Maxwell Oswold Parry; Arthur Mowry Hartwell; Thomas Lawrason Riggs; Edgar Montillion “Monty” Woolley; and Charles Pascal Franchot. Third row: Lindell Theodore Bates; Alexander Campbell Tener; Edward Otis Prochtor; Stephen Merrell Clement, Jr.; Loomis Havemeyer; Alexander Comstock Kirk; William DeForest Manice; and Robert Louis Levy. Fourth row: David Jay Ely; Howard Clifton Baker; Harold Obernauer; Charles Virgil Hickox; Philip Roberts; and Harry Daniel Gibbons. Arthur Amory Gammell, Charles Pascal Franchot, and Alexander Campbell Tener were members of Skull & Bones. Thomas Hewes, Francis Bayard Rives, Robert Mallory Jr., Thomas Lawrason Riggs, and Stephen Merrell Clement Jr. were members of Scroll & Key.

Left to right: Yale University President James Rowland Angell, designated Yale University President Charles Seymour, Graduate School Dean Edgar S. Furniss, and University Secretary Carl Albert Lohmann attend President Seymour's inauguration at Yale University on October 8, 1937. Charles Seymour and Carl Albert Lohmann were members of Skull & Bones. (Photo: Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University Library)

Left to right: James Rowland Angell (incoming President of Yale University), Arthur T. Hadley (outgoing President of Yale University), Anson P. Stokes (Secretary of Yale University), Williston Walker (Provost of Yale University), Everett Lake (Governor of Connecticut), and George Parmly Day (Treasurer of Yale University) walk together at Yale University in 1921. (Photo: Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University Library)

President Charles Seymour, of Yale University, who retires on June 30 after 13 years as head of Yale, was completely surprised at Yale's 249th commencement exercises on June 12, 1950 when he was presented with the honorary degree of doctor of laws. The presentation followed the awarding of eleven other honorary degrees. Left to right are: (front) Edward Calvin Kendall, who got a doctor of science; president Seymour; Helen Rogers Reid, doctor of humane letters; John Marin, doctor of fine arts; (back) Russell Cornell Leffingwell, doctor of laws; George Frost Kennan, doctor of laws; Paul G. Hoffman, doctor of laws; John Marquand, doctor of letters; Luther Allan Weigle, doctor of divinity; John Henry Reisner, master of arts; and Joseph Edwin Smadel, master of science.

U.S. Senator Prescott S. Bush, former Secretary of State Dean Acheson, and President John F. Kennedy receive their honorary degrees at Yale on June 11, 1962.

Recipients of honorary degrees at Yale's commencement exercises at New Haven, Connecticut on June 22, 1938 are pictured grouped about Charles Seymour, the university president, on the steps of Woolsey Hall where they received their sheepskins. Left to right in front are: Maitland Griegs; novelist Thomas Mann; Governor W.L. Cross of Connecticut; President Seymour; Lord Tweedsmuir, Governor General of Canada; and Reverend Endicott Peabody. Second row, left to right; Professor William Lyon Phelps; Wendell Stanley; Walt Disney, creator of Mickey Mouse; pianist Serge Koussevitsky, and the Reverend Morgan Noyes. In the rear, left to right, are Justice Stanley Reed; Eugene Landis of the SEC; and James McConaughy, president of Wesleyan University. (Bettmann/CORBIS)

Citations and honorary degrees awarded at Yale University's commencement exercises in New Haven, Connecticut on June 21, 1949 were conferred by Yale President Charles Seymour (in center of group). Receiving honorary degrees are (from left): Sewall Wright, Doctor of Science; Erwin Dain Canham, Doctor of Humane Letters; Lucius DuBignon Clay, Doctor of Laws; University President Seymour; John J. McCloy, Doctor of Laws; Norman Burdett Nash, Doctor of Divinity; Payton Rous, Doctor of Science; Richard Mervin Bissell, Jr., Master of Arts; Carl Purington Rollins, Doctor of Humane Letters; Samuel Eliot Morison, Doctor of Letters; Bayard Dodge, Doctor of Laws; Aero Saarinen, Master of Arts. (Bettmann/CORBIS)

Honorary degree recipients and President A. Whitney Griswold on the steps of Woodbridge Hall at Yale's 260th commencement on June 12, 1961. Front row, left to right: George Van Santvoord, L.H.D.; James Skelly Wright, LL.D.; Felix Frankfurter, LL.D.; President A. Whitney Griswold; Jean Monnet, LL.D.; Thomas S. Gates, Jr., LL.D.; and McGeorge Bundy, L.H.D. Second row, left to right: Henri Seyrig, L.H.D.; the Reverend Millar Burrows, D.D.; Sir Alexander Robertus Todd, Sc.D.; Richard C. Lee, M.A.; Friend Allen Sherk, M.A.; Albert Hewett Coons, Sc.D.; and Franklin Egerton, L.H.D. McGeorge Bundy was a member of Skull & Bones at Yale University. (Photo: Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University Library)

Left to right: Clarence Whittlesey Mendell, Carl Albert Lohmann, Yale University President A. Whitney Griswold, and Rev. Morgan Phelps Noyes appear at the ceremony for the re-opening of Connecticut Hall in February 1954. Mendell (BA 1904 and PhD 1910) was a professor of Latin Language and Literature, Lohmann (BA 1910) was a Secretary of the University, Griswold (BA 1929 and PhD 1933) was President of the University from 1950 to 1963, and Noyes (BA 1914) was a Successor Trustee of the Yale Corporation. (Photo: Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University Library)

John Sherman Cooper, Senator Robert A. Taft, Yale University President Charles Seymour, Marvin J. Cole, and Secretary of State Dean Acheson socialize at a Yale Alumni Dinner at the Mayflower Hotel in Washington D.C. Cooper, Taft, and Seymour were members of Skull & Bones. Acheson was a member of Scroll & Key.

Yale President Kingman Brewster listens as Yale University Chaplain William Sloane Coffin (at the podium) delivers a speech some time during the May Day Strike and the Black Panther Trials in the spring of 1970. William Sloane Coffin is a member of Skull & Bones.

Yale University President A. Whitney Griswold and Senator Prescott S. Bush sing the Yale "Alma Mater" and wave handkerchiefs during a ceremony at Yale University in October 1960. Prescott S. Bush was a member of Skull & Bones, and A. Whitney Griswold was a member of Wolf’s Head. (Photo: Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University Library)

Former Yale President Kingman Brewster, Jr. (left), newly inaugurated President A. Bartlett Giamatti, and former Acting President Hanna Holborn Gray stand together during the inauguration of the new Yale President on October 14, 1978. Gray is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations while Brewster and Giamatti were members of the Council on Foreign Relations. A. Bartlett Giamatti was a member of Scroll & Key and former Commissioner of Major League Baseball.

Senator Robert A. Taft, Yale President Charles Seymour, and Dean Acheson attend a Yale Corporation meeting on January 8, 1949. Dean Acheson would become the Secretary of State thirteen days later, on January 21, 1949. Taft and Seymour were members of Skull & Bones; Acheson was a member of Scroll & Key.

Presidents of Yale College (left to right): Theodore Dwight Woolsey, Jeremiah Day, Rev. Timothy Dwight (elder). All three men’s sons or grandsons were members of Skull & Bones.

Left to right: Jonathan Edwards (B.A. 1720), Roger Sherman, Noah Webster (B.A. 1778), Eli Whitney (B.A. 1792; inventor of the cotton gin) Timothy Dwight (S&B 1849), who served as President of Yale University from 1886 to 1899, was Reverend Jonathan Edwards’ great-greatgrandson. At least 21 members of Skull & Bones, including former U.S. Senator William Maxwell Evarts (S&B 1837) [Roger Sherman’s grandson] are direct descendants of former U.S. Senator Roger Sherman. Eli Whitney, Jr. (S&K 1869) was the grandson of cotton gin inventor Eli Whitney and Reverend Jonathan Edwards’ great-great-grandson. Robert Webster Day (S&B 1875) was Noah Webster’s great-grandson.

Jeremiah Day (left), Yale President Theodore Dwight Woolsey (center), and Benjamin Silliman on Commencement Day at Yale University on July 26, 1860. (Picture: Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University Library)

Prominent Yale Students (Undergraduates)

George Herbert Walker Bush B.A. Yale 1948 President of the United States (1989-1993); Vice President of the U.S. (1981-1989); Director of Central Intelligence Agency (1976-1977)

William Howard Taft B.A. Yale 1878 President of the U.S. (1909-1913); Chief Justice of U.S. Supreme Court (1921-1930); Secretary of War (1904-1908)

George Walker Bush B.A. Yale 1968 President of the United States (2001-2009); Governor of Texas (1995-2000)

Co-Founders of The Order of Skull & Bones

Alphonso Taft B.A. Yale 1833 Secretary of War (1876); U.S. Attorney General (1876-1877); U.S. Minister to Russian Empire (1884-1885)

William Huntington Russell B.A. Yale 1833 Major-General, Militia of the State of Connecticut (1862-1870)

Cabinet Secretaries

Oliver Wolcott Jr. B.A. Yale 1778 Secretary of the Treasury (1795-1800)

Gideon Granger B.A. Yale 1787 Postmaster-General of the United States (1801-1814)

John C. Calhoun B.A. Yale 1804 Secretary of War (18171825); U.S. Secretary of State (1844-1845); Vice President of the United States (1825-1832)

William M. Evarts B.A. Yale 1837 U.S. Attorney General (1868-1869); Secretary of State (1877-1881)

Franklin MacVeagh B.A. Yale 1862 Secretary of the Treasury (1909-1913)

Malcolm Baldrige B.A. Yale 1944 Secretary of Commerce (1981-1987)

Nicholas F. Brady B.A. Yale 1952 Secretary of the Treasury (1988-1993); Chairman and CEO of Dillon, Read & Co. (1982-1988)

Henry L. Stimson B.A. Yale 1888 Secretary of War (1911-1913, 1940-1945); U.S. Secretary of State (1929-1933)

Dean G. Acheson B.A. Yale 1915 U.S. Secretary of State (1949-1953)

Cyrus R. Vance B.A. Yale 1939 U.S. Secretary of State (1977-1980)

William C. Whitney B.A. Yale 1863 Secretary of the Navy (1885-1889)

Les Aspin B.A. Yale 1960 Secretary of Defense (1993-1994)

Frederick B. Dent B.A. Yale 1944 Secretary of Commerce (1973-1975)

Edwin Meese III B.A. Yale 1953 U.S. Attorney General (1985-1988)

John D. Ashcroft B.A. Yale 1964 U.S. Attorney General (2001-2005)

Stanley R. Resor B.A. Yale 1939 Secretary of the Army (1965-1971)

Walt W. Rostow B.A. Yale 1936 National Security Advisor (1966-1969)

McGeorge Bundy B.A. Yale 1940 National Security Advisor (1961-1966)

Porter J. Goss B.A. Yale 1960 Director of Central Intelligence Agency (2004-2006)

Dick Thornburgh B.E. Yale 1954 U.S. Attorney General (1988-1991)

U.S. Ambassadors

Clark T. Randt Jr. B.A. Yale 1968 U.S. Ambassador to Red China (2001-2009)

Alexander R. Vershbow B.A. Yale 1974 U.S. Ambassador to Russia (2001-2005)

John D. Negroponte B.A. Yale 1960 U.S. Rep. to UN (20012004); U.S. Ambassador to Iraq (2004-2005)

Ellsworth Bunker B.A. Yale 1916 U.S. Ambassador to South Vietnam (1967-1973)

Evan Griffith Galbraith B.A. Yale 1950 U.S. Ambassador to France (1981-1985)

Eben Alexander B.A. Yale 1873 U.S. Minister to Greece (1893-1897); U.S. Minister to Serbia (1894-1897)

Hugh Robert Wilson B.A. Yale 1906 U.S. Ambassador to Nazi Germany (1938)

W. Averell Harriman B.A. Yale 1913 U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union (1943-1946)

Winston Lord B.A. Yale 1959 U.S. Ambassador to Communist China (1985-1989)

Charles S. Whitehouse B.A. Yale 1947 U.S. Ambassador to Laos (1973-1975)

William Walter Phelps B.A. Yale 1860 U.S. Minister to Germany (1889-1893)

Eugene Schuyler B.A. Yale 1859 U.S. Minister to Romania (1881-1884); U.S. Minister to Serbia (1882-1884)

James Rockwell Sheffield B.A. Yale 1887 U.S. Ambassador to Mexico (1924-1927)

Chester Bowles B.A. Yale 1924 U.S. Ambassador to India (1951-1953, 1963-1969)

Robert H. Pelletreau Jr. B.A. Yale 1957 U.S. Ambassador to Egypt (1991-1993)

John Hay Whitney B.A. Yale 1926 U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain (1957-1961)

William Christian Bullitt B.A. Yale 1912 U.S. Ambassador to Soviet Union (1933-1936)

Winthrop G. Brown B.A. Yale 1929 U.S. Ambassador to South Korea (1964-1967)

R. Sargent Shriver Jr. B.A. Yale 1938 U.S. Ambassador to France (1968-1970)

Thomas O. Enders B.A. Yale 1953 U.S. Ambassador to Spain (1983-1986)

U.S. Senators and Congressmen

Stephen R. Bradley B.A. Yale 1775 U.S. Senator (DR-Vermont, 1791-1795; 1801-1813)

James Hillhouse B.A. Yale 1773 U.S. Senator (F-Conn., 1796-1810)

Samuel W. Dana B.A. Yale 1775 U.S. Senator (F-Conn., 1810-1821)

Christopher Ellery B.A. Yale 1787 U.S. Senator (DR-Rhode Island, 1801-1805)

Ray Greene B.A. Yale 1784 U.S. Senator (F-Rhode Island, 1797-1801)

Simeon Olcott B.A. Yale 1761 U.S. Senator (F-New Hampshire, 1801-1805)

James Watson B.A. Yale 1776 U.S. Senator (F-New York, 1798-1800)

David Daggett B.A. Yale 1783 U.S. Senator (F-Conn., 1813-1819)

Benjamin Tallmadge B.A. Yale 1773 U.S. Congressman (F-Conn., 1801-1817)

John Cotton Smith B.A. Yale 1783 U.S. Congressman (F-Conn., 1800-1806); Governor of Connecticut (1812-1817)

John Davis B.A. Yale 1812 U.S. Senator (WhigMassachusetts, 18351841, 1845-1853)

Asher Robbins B.A. Yale 1782 U.S. Senator (Whig-Rhode Island, 1825-1839)

Roger Sherman Baldwin B.A. Yale 1811 U.S. Senator (Whig-Conn., 1847-1851); Governor of Connecticut (1844-1846)

George Edmund Badger B.A. Yale 1813 U.S. Senator (Whig-North Carolina, 1846-1855)

John M. Clayton B.A. Yale 1815 U.S. Senator (WhigDelaware, 1829-1836; 1845-1849; 1853-1856)

Truman Smith B.A. Yale 1815 U.S. Congressman (Whig-Connecticut, 18391843, 1845-1849); U.S. Senator (1849-1854)

Jabez W. Huntington B.A. Yale 1806 U.S. Senator (W-Conn., 1840-1847)

Isaac Chapman Bates B.A. Yale 1802 U.S. Senator (Whig-Mass., 1841-1845)

Samuel S. Phelps B.A. Yale 1811 U.S. Senator (Whig-Vermont, 18391851, 1853-1854)

Julius Rockwell B.A. Yale 1826 U.S. Congressman (Whig-Massachusetts, 1843-1851); U.S. Senator (1854-1855)

William Barrett Washburn B.A. Yale 1844 U.S. Congressman (R-Mass., 1863-1871); Gov. of Massachusetts (1872-1874)

Orris S. Ferry B.A. Yale 1844 U.S. Senator (R-Conn., 1867-1875)

Constantine C. Esty B.A. Yale 1845 U.S. Congressman (R-Mass., 1872-1873)

Henry C. Deming B.A. Yale 1836 U.S. Congressman (R-Conn., 1863-1867)

William Wallace Crapo B.A. Yale 1852 U.S. Congressman (R-Mass., 1875-1883)

Augustus Brandegee B.A. Yale 1849 U.S. Congressman (R-Conn., 1863-1867)

Roswell Hart B.A. Yale 1843 U.S. Congressman (R-New York, 1865-1867)

Richard D. Hubbard B.A. Yale 1839 U.S. Congressman (D-Conn., 1867-1869)

John Andrew Peters B.A. Yale 1842 U.S. Congressman (R-Maine, 1867-1873)

Randall Lee Gibson B.A. Yale 1853 U.S. Senator (D-Louisiana, 1883-1892)

Richard J. Haldeman B.A. Yale 1851 U.S. Congressman (D-Penn., 1869-1873)

Stephen W. Kellogg B.A. Yale 1846 U.S. Congressman (R-Conn., 1869-1875)

Ellis Henry Roberts B.A. Yale 1850 U.S. Congressman (R-New York, 1871-1875)

Benjamin Tucker Eames B.A. Yale 1843 U.S. Congressman (RRhode Island, 1871-1879)

Fred Thomas Dubois B.A. Yale 1872 U.S. Senator (R, D-Idaho, 1891-1897, 1901-1907)

Charles Newell Fowler B.A. Yale 1876 U.S. Congressman (RNew Jersey, 1895-1911)

Francis Burton Harrison B.A. Yale 1895 U.S. Congressman (Democrat-New York, 1903-1905, 1907-1913)

William Kent B.A. Yale 1887 U.S. Congressman (R-California, 1911-1917)

James William Husted B.A. Yale 1892 U.S. Congressman (R-New York, 1915-1923)

Anthony Higgins B.A. Yale 1861 U.S. Senator (R-Delaware, 1889-1895)

George P. Wetmore B.A. Yale 1867 U.S. Senator (R-Rhode Island, 18951907, 1908-1913)

Chauncey M. Depew B.A. Yale 1856 U.S. Senator (R-New York, 1899-1911)

LeBaron Bradford Colt B.A. Yale 1868 U.S. Senator (R-Rhode Island, 1913-1924)

Frank B. Brandegee B.A. Yale 1885 U.S. Senator (R-Conn., 1905-1924)

Frederic C. Walcott B.A. Yale 1891 U.S. Senator (R-Conn., 1929-1935)

Jonathan B. Bingham B.A. Yale 1936 U.S. Congressman (D-New York, 1965-1983)

James W. Wadsworth Jr. B.A. Yale 1898 U.S. Congressman (R-New York, 1933-1951)

Robert A. Taft B.A. Yale 1910 U.S. Senator (R-Ohio, 1939-1953)

John Martin Vorys B.A. Yale 1918 U.S. Congressman (R-Ohio, 1939-1959)

Herbert Parsons B.A. Yale 1890 U.S. Congressman (R-New York, 1905-1911)

Thomas F. Bayard Jr. B.A. Yale 1890 U.S. Senator (D-Delaware, 1922-1929)

Lowell P. Weicker B.A. Yale 1953 U.S. Senator (R-Conn., 1971-1989)

John Sherman Cooper B.A. Yale 1923 U.S. Senator (R-Kentucky, 1946-1949, 1952-1955, 1956-1973)

W. Stuart Symington B.A. Yale 1923 U.S. Senator (D-Missouri, 1953-1976)

Peter H. Dominick B.A. Yale 1937 U.S. Senator (R-Colorado, 1963-1975)

James L. Buckley B.A. Yale 1944 U.S. Senator (New York, 1971-1977)

John H. Chafee B.A. Yale 1947 U.S. Senator (R-Rhode Is., 1976-1999)

David L. Boren B.A. Yale 1963 U.S. Senator (D-Okla., 1979-1994); President of University of Oklahoma (1994-present)

Joseph Lieberman B.A. Yale 1964 U.S. Senator (D-Conn., 1989-present)

John Forbes Kerry B.A. Yale 1966 U.S. Senator (D-Mass., 1985-present)

State Governors

John Treadwell B.A. Yale 1767 Governor of Connecticut (1809-1811)

William Wolcott Ellsworth B.A. Yale 1810 Governor of Connecticut (1838-1842)

Charles R. Ingersoll B.A. Yale 1840 Governor of Connecticut (1873-1877)

Simeon E. Baldwin B.A. Yale 1861 Governor of Connecticut (1911-1915)

James L. McConaughy B.A. Yale 1909 Governor of Connecticut (1947-1948)

Return J. Meigs, Jr. B.A. Yale 1785 Governor of Ohio (1810-1814)

Daniel H. Chamberlain B.A. Yale 1862 Governor of South Carolina (1874-1876)

Edward Curtis Smith B.A. Yale 1875 Governor of Vermont (1898-1900)

Gifford Pinchot B.A. Yale 1889 Governor of Pennsylvania (1923-1927, 1931-1935)

Robert Davis Carey B.A. Yale 1900 Governor of Wyoming (1919-1923)

David Sholtz B.A. Yale 1914 Governor of Florida (1933-1937)

William W. Scranton B.A. Yale 1939 Governor of Pennsylvania (1963-1967)

Robert D. Orr B.A. Yale 1940 Governor of Indiana (1981-1989)

Richard F. Celeste B.A. Yale 1959 Governor of Ohio (1983-1991)

Pete Wilson B.A. Yale 1956 Governor of California (1991-1999)

Howard B. Dean III B.A. Yale 1971 Governor of Vermont (1991-2003)

Gary Locke B.A. Yale 1972 Governor of Washington (1997-2005); Secretary of Commerce (2009-2011)

George Pataki B.A. Yale 1967 Governor of New York (1995-2006)

Bob Taft B.A. Yale 1963 Governor of Ohio (1999-2007)

Mark Dayton B.A. Yale 1969 Governor of Minnesota (2011-present)

College Presidents

Rev. Timothy Dwight B.A. Yale 1769 President of Yale University (1795-1817)

Rev. Jeremiah Day B A. Yale 1795 President of Yale University (1817-1846)

Rev. Theodore Dwight Woolsey B.A. Yale 1820 President of Yale University (1846-1871)

Rev. Timothy Dwight B.A. Yale 1849 President of Yale University (1886-1899)

Arthur Twining Hadley B.A. Yale 1876 President of Yale University (1899-1921)

Charles Seymour B.A. Yale 1908 President of Yale University (1937-1950)

Alfred Whitney Griswold B.A. Yale 1929 President of Yale University (1950-1963)

Kingman Brewster Jr. B.A. Yale 1941 President of Yale University (1963-1977)

Angelo Bartlett Giamatti B.A. Yale 1960 President of Yale University (1978-1986)

Benno C. Schmidt Jr. B.A. Yale 1963 President of Yale University (1986-1992)

Rev. Jonathan Edwards B.A. Yale 1720 President of Princeton University (1758)

Edward Dorr Griffin B.A. Yale 1790 President of Williams College (1821-1836)

Bennet Tyler B.A. Yale 1804 President of Dartmouth College (1822-1828)

Heman Humphrey B.A. Yale 1805 President of Amherst College (1823-1845)

William Maxwell B.A. Yale 1802 President of HampdenSydney College [Virginia] (1838-1845)

Abraham B. Hasbrouck B.A. Yale 1810 President of Rutgers College (1840-1850)

Augustus B. Longstreet B.A. Yale 1813 President of Univ. of Mississippi (1849-1856)

Frederick A.P. Barnard B.A. Yale 1828 President of Columbia University (1864-1889); President of University of Mississippi (1856-1858)

Cyrus Northrop B.A. Yale 1857 President of University of Minnesota (1884-1911)

George E. Vincent B.A. Yale 1885 President of University of Minnesota (1911-1917); President of Rockefeller Foundation (1917-1929)

Jonathan Dickinson B.A. Yale 1706 inaugural President of Princeton University (1747)

Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson B.A. Yale 1716 inaugural President of Columbia University (1754-1763)

Rev. Eleazar Wheelock B.A. Yale 1733 inaugural President of Dartmouth College (1769-1779)

Aaron Burr Sr. B.A. Yale 1735 President of Princeton University (1747-1757)

William Samuel Johnson B.A. Yale 1744 President of Columbia University (1787-1800)

Abraham Baldwin B.A. Yale 1772 inaugural President of University of Georgia (1786-1800); U.S. Senator (DR-Georgia, 1799-1807)

Jeremiah Atwater B.A. Yale 1793 inaugural President of Middlebury College (1800-1809); President of Dickinson College (18091815)

Andrew D. White B.A. Yale 1853 inaugural President of Cornell University (1866-1885)

Daniel C. Gilman B.A. Yale 1852 Inaugural President of Johns Hopkins University (1875-1901)

William Preston Johnston B.A. Yale 1852 Inaugural President of Tulane University (1884-1899)

Charles Janeway Stille B.A. Yale 1839 Provost of University of Pennsylvania (1868-1880)

Henry Durant B.A. Yale 1827 inaugural President of University of California at Berkeley (1870-1872)

John Wesley Johnson B.A. Yale 1862 inaugural President of University of Oregon (1876-1893)

William Rainey Harper Ph.D. Yale 1875 inaugural President of the University of Chicago (1891-1906)

Robert Maynard Hutchins B.A. Yale 1921 President of the University of Chicago (1929-1945)

Steven Knapp B.A. Yale 1973 President of George Washington University (2007-present)

Marvin Krislov B.A. Yale 1982 President of Oberlin College (2007-present)

J. Quigg Newton Jr. B.A. Yale 1933 President of University of Colorado (1956-1963); Mayor of Denver, Colorado (1947-1955)

Edward T. Foote II B.A. Yale 1959 President of University of Miami [Florida] (1981-2001)

Ray Lorenzo Heffner, Jr. B.A. Yale1945 President of Brown University (1966-1969)

Wall Street Bankers, Federal Reserve Bankers, and Wall Street Lawyers

Pierre Jay B.A. Yale 1892 Chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (1914-1926)

George L. Harrison B.A. Yale 1910 President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (1928-1940)

William McC. Martin Jr. B.A. Yale 1928 Chairman of the Federal Reserve (1951-1970)

Alfred Hayes B.A. Yale 1930 President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (1956-1975)

John Perrin B.A. Yale 1879 Chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco (1914-1925)

Alfred L. Aiken B.A. Yale 1891 President of the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston (1914-1917)

Robert A. Lovett B.A. Yale 1918 Partner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. (19311940, 1946-1947, 19491950, 1953-1986)

Prescott S. Bush B.A. Yale 1917 Partner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. (19311972); U.S. Senator (R-Conn., 1952-1963)

E. Roland Harriman B.A. Yale 1917 Partner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. (1931-1978)

Knight Woolley B.A. Yale 1917 Partner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. (1931-1982)

Russell C. Leffingwell B.A. Yale 1899 Partner of J.P. Morgan & Co. (1923-1950)

James S. Rockefeller B.A. Yale 1924 Chairman of National City Bank of New York (Citibank) (1959-1967)

George S. Moore B.S. Yale 1927 Chairman of the board of First National City Bank of New York (1967-1970)

Harold Stanley B.A. Yale 1908 Partner, Morgan, Stanley & Co. (1941-1955)

Douglas A. Warner III B.A. Yale 1968 Chairman and CEO of J.P. Morgan & Co. (1995-2000)

John W. Sterling B.A. Yale 1864 Co-Founder and Member of Shearman & Sterling (1873-1918)

Henry Waters Taft B.A. Yale 1880 Partner of Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft [law firm in New York City] (1899-1945)

Frank L. Polk B.A. Yale 1894 Member of Davis, Polk, Wardwell [law firm in New York City] (1914-1943)

Allen Wardwell B.A. Yale 1895 Member of Davis, Polk, Wardwell (1909-1953)

Thomas D. Thacher B.A. Yale 1904 Partner of Simpson, Thacher & Bartlett [law firm in New York City] (1933-1943)

Prominent Corporate Executives

William H. Donaldson B.A. Yale 1953 Chairman of the board of New York Stock Exchange (1991-1995)

Henry John Heinz II B.A. Yale 1931 Chairman of the board of H.J. Heinz Company (1959-1987)

Eugene Meyer B.A. Yale 1895 Chairman of the Federal Reserve (1930-1933); Chairman of the board of The Washington Post Co. (1947-1959)

J. Irwin Miller B.A. Yale 1931 Chairman of the board of Cummins Engine Co. (1951-1977)

Juan Terry Trippe Ph.B. Yale 1921 Chairman and CEO of Pan American World Airways, Inc. (1964-1968)

Charles B. Johnson B.A. Yale 1954 Chairman of the board of Franklin Resources, Inc. [later Franklin Templeton Investments] (1969-pres.)

B. Brewster Jennings B.A. Yale 1920 President of Socony-Mobil Oil Co. (1944-1955)

Herbert M. Allison Jr. B.A. Yale 1965 Chairman and CEO of TIAA-CREF (2002-2008)

Jeffrey Bewkes B.A. Yale 1974 Chairman and CEO of Time Warner (2009-present)

John E. Pepper Jr. B.A. Yale 1960 Chairman of the board of The Walt Disney Co. (2007-present)

John F. Akers B.S. Yale 1956 Chairman and CEO of IBM (1986-1993)

Henry B. Schacht B.S. Yale 1956 Chairman and CEO of Cummins Engine (1977-1995)

W. James McNerney, Jr. B.A. Yale 1971 Chairman and CEO of Boeing (2005-present)

Frederick W. Smith B.A. Yale 1966 Chairman and CEO of FedEx Corp. (1975-pres.)

Stephen A. Schwarzman B.A. Yale 1969 Chairman and CEO of The Blackstone Group (1985-present)

Alexander T. Ercklentz B.A. Yale 1959 Partner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. (1978-present)

Charles M. Spofford B.A. Yale 1924 Member of Davis, Polk & Wardwell [law firm] (1940-1950, 1952-1973)

Otto T. Bannard B.A. Yale 1876 Chairman of the board of New York Trust Company (1916-1921)

Thomas B. Wheeler B.A. Yale 1958 President and CEO of Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Co. (1988-1999)

Thomas Cochran B.A. Yale 1894 Partner of J.P. Morgan & Co. (1917-1936)

U.S. Supreme Court Justices and Other Politicians

Henry Baldwin B.A. Yale 1797 Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1830-1844)

William Strong B.A. Yale 1828 Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1870-1880)

Morrison R. Waite B.A. Yale 1837 Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1874-1888)

William Burnham Woods B.A. Yale 1845 Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1881-1887)

George Shiras Jr. B.A. Yale 1853 Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1892-1903)

David Josiah Brewer B.A. Yale 1856 Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1889-1910)

Henry Billings Brown B.A. Yale 1856 Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1891-1906)

Stanley F. Reed B.A. Yale 1906 Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1938-1957)

Potter Stewart B.A. Yale 1937 Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1958-1981)

Rogers C.B. Morton B.A. Yale 1937 Secretary of Commerce (1975-1976); Secretary of the Interior (1971-1975)

Hiram Bingham III B.A. Yale 1898 U.S. Senator (R-Conn., 1924-1933)

Henry John Heinz III B.A. Yale 1960 U.S. Senator (R-Penn., 1977-1991)

George Herbert Walker III B.A. Yale 1953 U.S. Ambassador to Hungary (2003-2006)

Lamar S. Smith B.A. Yale 1969 U.S. Congressman (R-Texas, 1987-present)

Sheila Jackson-Lee B.A. Yale 1972 U.S. Congressman (D-Texas, 1995-present)

Bill Nelson B.A. Yale 1965 U.S. Senator (D-Florida, 2001-present)

Sheldon Whitehouse B.A. Yale 1978 U.S. Senator (D-Rhode Island, 2007-present)

Sherrod Brown B.A. Yale 1974 U.S. Senator (D-Ohio, 2007-present)

Amy Klobuchar B.A. Yale 1982 U.S. Senator (D-Minnesota, 2007-present)

James M. Jeffords B.S. Yale 1956 U.S. Senator (I-Vermont, 1989-2007)

Miscellaneous

Lewis “Scooter” Libby B.A. Yale 1972 Chief of Staff to the Vice President of the U.S. (2001-2005)

John R. Bolton (B.A. Yale 1970 U.S. Representative to the United Nations (2005-2007)

L. Paul Bremer III B.A. Yale 1963 U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands (1983-1986); Pro-Consul of Iraq (2003-2004)

David R. Gergen B.A. Yale 1963 CNN political analyst; Counselor to the President of the U.S. (1993-1994)

Strobe Talbott B.A. Yale 1968 President of The Brookings Institution (2002-present)

Anderson Cooper B.A. Yale 1989 CNN reporter (2001present); anchor of Anderson Cooper 360° (2003-present)

Robert “Bob” Woodward B.A. Yale 1965 Washington Post reporter (1971-present) and bestselling author

Lloyd N. Cutler B.A. Yale 1936 Partner of Wilmer Cutler Pickering (1962-1979, 1981-1990)

Robert W. Kagan B.A. Yale 1980 Columnist for The Washington Post; CoFounder of Project for the New American Century

Fareed Zakaria B.A. 1986 Editor of Newsweek International

Henry R. Luce B.A. Yale 1920 Editor-in-Chief of Time magazine (1923-1964)

William F. Buckley Jr. B.A. Yale 1950 Editor-in-Chief of National Review magazine (1955-1990)

William Sloane Coffin Jr. B.A. Yale 1949 Chaplain of Yale University (1958-1976)

Archibald MacLeish B.A. Yale 1915 Librarian of Congress (1939-1944)

William P. Bundy B.A. Yale 1939 Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs (1964-1969)

Philip L. Geyelin B.A. Yale 1944 Editorial Page Editor of The Washington Post (1968-1979)

Richard M. Bissell Jr. B.A. Yale 1932 Deputy CIA Director for Plans (1959-1962)

Cord Meyer Jr. B.A. Yale 1943 Assistant Deputy CIA Director of Plans (1967-1973)

James Jesus Angleton B.A. Yale 1941 Chief of CIA Counterintelligence Staff (1954-1974)

John K. Jessup B.A. Yale 1928 Chief Editorial Writer of Life magazine (1951-1969)

William Livingston B.A. Yale 1741 Governor of New Jersey (1776-1790)

Philip Livingston B.A. Yale 1737 Member of New York State Assembly (1776); New York State Senator (1777)

Lyman Hall B.A. Yale 1747 Governor of Georgia (1783-1784)

Oliver Wolcott B.A. Yale 1747 Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut (1786-1796); Governor of Connecticut (1796-1797)

Lewis Morris B.A. Yale 1746 New York State Senator (1777-1781, 1784-1788)

Ezra L’Hommedieu B.A. Yale 1754 Member of Continental Congress (New York, 1779-1783, 1788)

Rev. Naphtali Daggett B.A. Yale 1748 President of Yale University (1766-1778)

Rev. Ezra Stiles B.A. Yale 1746 President of Yale University (1778-1795)

Rev. Samuel Hopkins B.A. Yale 1741 Minister of the First Congregationalist Church in Newport, Rhode Island (1770-1803)

Nathan Hale B.A. Yale 1773 Continental Army spy; executed by the British Army in New York City on Sunday, Sept. 22, 1776

Abraham Jarvis B.A. Yale 1761 Protestant Episcopal Bishop for the Episcopal Diocese of Connecticut (1797-1813)

Jared Ingersoll B.A. Yale 1766 Attorney General of Pennsylvania (1790-1799, 1811-1817)

John S. Hobart B.A. Yale 1757 Justice of the Supreme Court of the State of New York (1777-1798)

Joel Barlow B.A. Yale 1778 U.S. Minister to France (November 17, 1811December 26, 1812)

William Hull B.A. Yale 1772 Governor of Michigan Territory (1805-1813)

Carter Henry Harrison B.A. Yale 1845 Mayor of Chicago (1879-1887, 1893)

Charles P. Taft II B.A. Yale 1918 Mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio (1955-1957)

Robert F. Wagner Jr. B.A. Yale 1933 Mayor of New York City (1954-1965)

John V. Lindsay B.A. Yale 1944 Mayor of New York City (1966-1973)

Kurt L. Schmoke B.A. Yale 1971 Mayor of Baltimore (1987-1999)

PROMINENT YALE LAW SCHOOL STUDENTS

Bill Clinton (J.D. Yale 1973), Hillary Clinton (J.D. Yale 1973)

Byron R. White (LL.B. Yale 1946), Clarence Thomas (J.D. Yale 1974), Samuel Alito (J.D. Yale 1975), Sonia Sotomayor (J.D. 1979)

Gerald R. Ford (LL.B. Yale 1941), Arlen Specter (LL.B. 1956), Robert E. Rubin (LL.B. Yale 1964), R. James Woolsey (LL.B. 1968)

Henry H. Fowler, Gordon Gray, Thomas Lowe Hughes, Richard N. Gardner, James B. Steinberg

Left to right: Stephen J. Hadley, Gary Hart, Gerhard Casper, Michael B. Mukasey, Robert B. Reich

Left to right: Abraham S. Goldstein, Anthony T. Kronman, Martha Minow, Gordon Crovitz, Cory A. Booker Yale Law School Graduates Richard N. Gardner (J.D. 1951) – U.S. Ambassador to Italy (1977-1981); U.S. Ambassador to Spain (1993-1997) Thomas Lowe Hughes (J.D. 1952) – President of Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (1971-1991) Stephen J. Trachtenberg (J.D. 1962) – President of George Washington University (1988-2007) Gary Hart (J.D. 1964) – U.S. Senator (1975-1987) Stephen J. Hadley (J.D. 1972) – National Security Advisor (2005-2009) Bill Clinton (J.D. 1973) – President of the United States (1993-2001); Governor of Arkansas (1979-1981, 1983-1992) Hillary Clinton (J.D. 1973) – Secretary of State (2009-present); U.S. Senator (2001-2009); First Lady of the United States (1993-2001) Robert B. Reich (J.D. 1973) – Secretary of Labor (1993-1997) Clarence Thomas (J.D. 1974) – Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1991-present) Samuel Alito (J.D. 1975) – Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (2006-present) Anthony T. Kronman (J.D. 1975) – Dean of Yale Law School (1994-2004) Robert C. Post (J.D. 1977) – Dean of Yale Law School (2009-present) James B. Steinberg (J.D. 1978) – Deputy Secretary of State (2009-present) Sonia Sotomayor (J.D. 1979) – Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Justice (2009-present) Martha Minow (J.D. 1979) – Dean of Harvard Law School (2009-present) Gordon Crovitz (J.D. 1986) – Publisher of The Wall Street Journal (2006-present) Cory A. Booker (J.D. 1997) – Mayor of Newark, New Jersey (2006-present) Philip C. Jessup Sr. (LL.B. 1924) – Judge of the International Court of Justice (1961-1970) Henry H. Fowler (LL.B. 1932) – Secretary of the Treasury (1965-1968); Partner of Goldman, Sachs & Co. (1969-1981) Gordon Gray (LL.B. 1933) – National Security Advisor (1958-1961); Secretary of the Army (1949-1950) Frederick S. Beebe (LL.B. 1938) – Chairman of the board of The Washington Post Co. (1961-1973) Gerald R. Ford (LL.B. 1941) – President of the United States (1974-1977) Byron R. White (LL.B. 1946) – Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1962-1993) Henry Weeks Trimble Jr. (LL.B. 1947) – General Counsel and Secretary of IBM (1956-1970) Louis Heilprin Pollak (LL.B. 1948) – Dean of Yale Law School (1965-1970) Abraham S. Goldstein (LL.B. 1949) – Dean of Yale Law School (1970-1975) Arlen Specter (LL.B. 1956) – U.S. Senator (1981-present) Gerhard Casper (LL.B. 1962) – President of Stanford University (1992-2000) Robert E. Rubin (LL.B. 1964) – Secretary of the Treasury (1995-1999); Partner of Goldman, Sachs & Co. (1971-1992) Michael B. Mukasey (LL.B. 1967) – U.S. Attorney General (2007-2009) R. James Woolsey (LL.B. 1968) – Director of Central Intelligence Agency (1993-1995)

John C. Danforth, William Rainey Harper, Isaiah Bowman, Richard C. Levin, Ernesto Zedillo, H.H. Kung Other Yale Graduate Students William Rainey Harper (Ph.D. 1875) – first President of the University of Chicago (1891-1906) Andrew Sledd (Ph.D. 1903) – President of University of Florida (1904-1909) Isaiah Bowman (Ph.D. 1908) – President of Johns Hopkins University (1935-1948) John Scott Everton (Ph.D. 1938) – U.S. Ambassador to Burma (1961-1963) Francis Sheldon Hackney (Ph.D. 1963) – President of University of Pennsylvania (1981-1993); President of Tulane University (1975-1980) Andrew A. Sorensen (Ph.D. 1971) – President of University of Alabama (1996-2002); President of University of South Carolina (2002-2008) Janet L. Yellen (Ph.D. 1971) – President of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco (2004-present) Richard C. Levin (Ph.D. 1974) – President of Yale University (1993-present) Ernesto Zedillo (Ph.D. 1981) – President of Mexico (1994-2000) John C. Danforth (B.D. 1963) – U.S. Representative to the United Nations (2004-2005), U.S. Senator from Missouri (1976-1995) H.H. Kung (M.A. 1907) – Governor of the Central Bank of China (1933-1945); Minister of Finance of the Republic of China (1933-1945)

NOTABLE YALE DROPOUTS

Left to right: Dick Cheney, Winthrop Rockefeller, Judah P. Benjamin, Samuel J. Tilden Dick Cheney – Vice President of the U.S. (2001-present), Secretary of Defense (1989-1993) Winthrop Rockefeller – Governor of Arkansas (1967-1971) Judah P. Benjamin – Confederate Secretary of State (1862-1865), Confederate Secretary of War (1861-1862), Confederate Attorney General (1861), U.S. Senator from Louisiana (1853-1861) Samuel J. Tilden – Governor of New York (1875-1876); Presidential candidate for the Democratic Party in 1876

Presidents of Yale University

Rev. Elisha Williams, Rev. Naphtali Daggett, Rev. Ezra Stiles, Rev. Timothy Dwight IV (elder)

Rev. Jeremiah Day, Rev. Theodore Dwight Woolsey, Rev. Noah Porter, Rev. Timothy Dwight,

Arthur Twining Hadley, James Rowland Angell, Charles Seymour, A. Whitney Griswold

Kingman Brewster Jr., Angelo Bartlett Giamatti, Benno C. Schmidt Jr., Richard C. Levin Missing: Rev. Abraham Pierson, Rev. Samuel Andrew, Rev. Timothy Cutler, Rev. Thomas Clap

Yale University Management
PRESIDENTS OF YALE UNIVERSITY Name: Year: Notes: Rev. Abraham Pierson (B.A. Harvard 1668) 1701-1707 Died in office Rev. Samuel Andrew (B.A. Harvard 1675) 1707-1719 Rev. Timothy Cutler (B.A. Harvard 1701) 1719-1726 Rev. Elisha Williams (B.A. Harvard 1711) 1726-1740 Rev. Thomas Clap (B.A. Harvard 1722) 1740-1766 Rector until 1745, then President from 1745-1766 Rev. Naphtali Daggett (B.A. 1748) 1766-1778 Rev. Ezra Stiles (B.A. 1746) 1778-1795 Rev. Timothy Dwight (elder) (B.A. 1769) 1795-1817 Died in office; Grandfather of Timothy Dwight (S&B 1849) Rev. Jeremiah Day (B A. 1795) 1817-1846 Died in office; Grandfather of Thomas Thacher (S&B 1871) Rev. Theodore Dwight Woolsey (B.A. 1820) 1846-1871 Father of Theodore Salisbury Woolsey (S&B 1872) Rev. Noah Porter (B.A. 1831) 1871-1886 Rev. Timothy Dwight (B.A. 1849) 1886-1899 Skull & Bones Arthur Twining Hadley (B.A. 1876) 1899-1921 Skull & Bones James Rowland Angell 1921-1937 Charles Seymour (B.A. 1908) 1937-1950 Skull & Bones Alfred Whitney Griswold (B.A. 1929) 1950-1963 Wolf’s Head; Died in office Kingman Brewster, Jr. (B.A. 1941) 1963-1977 Hanna Holborn Gray (Ph.D. Harvard 1957) 1977 Acting President Angelo Bartlett Giamatti (B.A. 1960) 1978-1986 Scroll & Key Benno C. Schmidt, Jr. (B.A. 1963) 1986-1992 Wolf’s Head Howard R. Lamar (Ph.D. 1951) 1992 Acting President Richard C. Levin (Ph.D. 1974) 1993-present

FELLOWS OF THE YALE CORPORATION
FOUNDING TRUSTEES AND THEIR SUCCESSORS Founding Trustees 1701 October 16 1701 October 16 1701 October 16 1701 October 16 1701 October 16 1701 October 16 1701 October 16 1701 October 16 1701 October 16 1701 October 16 1738 January 24 1709 April 1 1703 March 14 1724 May 21 1719 December 30 1714 November 22 1707 March 5 1713 December 3 1732 September 19 1732 May 1 Samuel Andrew Thomas Buckingham Israel Chauncy Samuel Mather James Noyes James Pierpont Abraham Pierson Noadiah Russel Joseph Webb Timothy Woodbridge

Successors to the Founding Trustees
1701 November 11 1703 March 17 1710 September 6 1714 September 8 1715 September 14 1716 October 17 1720 June 8 1724 May 21 1728 September 11 1730 September 9 1730 September 9 1731 September 8 1732 December 20 1732 September 13 1732 September 13 1732 September 13 1735 September 10 1738 September 17 1740 April 2 1740 September 10 1743 September 13 1745 September 11 1746 April 16 1746 September 3 1748 April 6 1749 September 13 1752 September 20 1755 September 10 1758 September 6 1760 September 10 1761 July 21 1763 June 28 1763 June 28 1769 October 17 1769 September 13 1771 September 11 1772 September 9 1773 April 27 1774 September 14 1774 September 14 1776 October 23 1777 April 1 1777 September 11 1777 September 11 1780 September 13 1787 September 12 1788 March 4 1788 September 10 1790 September 8 1791 September 13 1798 September 12 1801 September 10 1801 September 10 1804 September 13 1807 September 8 1808 September 13 1808 September 13 1809 September 12 1810 September 11 1812 September 8 1813 August 31 1814 September 13 1816 September 10 1730 September 9 1729 November 10 1728 June 1 1731 February 5 1731 November 19 1735 September 10 1740 September 10 1746 September 3 1739 October 31 1732 January 23 1763 April 22 1749 September 13 1752 April 15 1743 September 13 1746 April 16 1745 September 11 1761 June 14 1760 September 6 1745 May 9 1772 September 9 1747 November 12 1761 June 1 1752 September 20 1770 November 20 1774 September 14 1769 September 13 1773 December 6 1758 August 6 1777 September 11 1772 July 20 1776 October 12 1777 September 11 1769 October 17 1788 April 4 1801 September 10 1780 September 13 1787 December 12 1786 November 8 1776 December 31 1800 December 9 1797 November 21 1790 September 8 1791 June 18 1804 September 13 1808 September 13 1810 September 11 1816 February 16 1808 September 13 1817 September 9 1807 September 8 1812 August 18 1812 September 8 1820 September 12 1809 September 12 1823 May 7 1826 September 12 1814 July 22 1823 September 9 1827 September 11 1824 December 17 1818 September 8 1821 September 11 1818 September 8 Samuel Russel Moses Noyes Thomas Ruggles John Davenport Thomas Buckingham Stephen Buckingham Eliphalet Adams Samuel Whitman Elisha Williams Joseph Moss Jared Eliot Ebenezer Williams Samuel Whittelsey Samuel Woodbridge Samuel Cooke Jonathan Marsh Joseph Noyes Anthony Stoddard Thomas Clap Benjamin Lord Daniel Wadsworth William Russell Nathaniel Chauncey Thomas Ruggles Elnathan Whitman Solomon Williams Noah Hobart Ashbel Woodbridge Moses Dickinson James Lockwood Edward Eells George Beckwith Jonathan Merrick Warham Williams Eliphalet Williams Richard Salter John Trumbull Stephen Johnson Noah Welles Nathanael Taylor Elizur Goodrich Moses Mather Samuel Lockwood Timothy Pitkin Enoch Huntington Josiah Whitney David Ely Nathan Williams Hezekiah Ripley Levi Hart James Dana Noah Benedict John Marsh Nathan Strong Andrew Lee Joseph Strong Achilles Mansfield Benoni Upson Amos Bassett John Elliott Peter Starr Elijah Parsons Isaac Lewis

1817 September 9 1818 September 8 1818 September 8 1820 September 12 1821 September 11 1822 September 10 1823 May 7 1823 September 9 1824 September 8 1825 May 24 1826 September 12 1827 September 11 1829 September 8 1834 August 19 1837 August 15 1839 October 23 1846 August 19 1846 October 20 1846 October 20 1847 August 17 1849 August 14 1849 August 14 1849 August 14 1854 May 10 1861 July 23 1861 July 23 1862 July 29 1864 July 26 1866 July 24 1867 July 16 1867 July 16 1868 July 21 1871 October 11 1872 July 9 1874 June 24 1875 June 29 1875 June 29 1880 October 26 1882 March 14 1882 March 14 1884 October 9 1885 October 29 1885 October 29 1887 June 27 1887 November 1 1888 November 9 1889 June 24 1895 November 12 1896 May 31 1899 June 27 1899 June 27 1902 November 24 1905 June 27 1906 November 19 1910 December 17 1910 February 15 1913 February 17 1916 April 17 1917 February 19 1919 October 20 1920 February 14 1922 January 13 1922 January 14 1925 October 10

1822 July 25 1846 June 11 1829 May 9 1846 October 20 1861 July 23 1824 April 21 1839 September 23 1862 July 29 1849 July 19 1849 June 13 1860 September 7 1849 January 27 1834 April 25 1837 August 15 1847 August 17 1846 October 20 1853 August 29 1867 June 5 1867 July 16 1875 March 31 1888 March 29 1864 July 26 1874 April 17 1868 March 22 1875 April 30 1866 July 24 1872 March 9 1881 December 24 1882 March 14 1887 June 12 1885 July 9 1870 October 20 1885 October 29 1880 August 31 1913 January 20 1899 June 27 1884 October 9 1910 November 21 1887 October 13 1889 February 18 1916 August 18 1900 March 16 1916 March 16 1905 June 28 1899 June 27 1898 April 5 1895 October 26 1919 October 20 1906 June 25 1921 June 22 1929 October 12 1924 June 18 1922 January 14 1910 January 7 1925 June 17 1925 June 17 1938 June 22 1920 January 10 1934 June 20 1940 October 12 1935 June 19 1936 May 1 1945 June 22 1952 June 9

William Brintnall Ripley Daniel Smith Andrew Eliot Calvin Chapin David Smith Moses Cook Welch Matthew Noyes Noah Porter Daniel Dow Aaron Dutton Abel McEwen Diodate Brockway Luther Hart Laurens Perseus Hickok Samuel Rogers Andrew Leonard Bacon Theophilus Smith Joel Hawes Jeremiah Day Joseph Eldridge George Jeffrey Tillotson George Albion Calhoun Edwin Randolph Gilbert Joel Hervey Linsley Davis Smith Brainerd John Putnam Gulliver Elisha Cowles Jones Leonard Bacon Hiram Phelps Arms Samuel George Willard Myron Newton Morris George Richards Theodore Dwight Woolsey Oliver Ellsworth Daggett Joseph Hopkins Twichell Joseph Willes Backus Amos Sheffield Chesebrough Charles Ray Palmer Nathaniel Judson Burton Lavalette Perrin Joseph Anderson Burdett Hart James Wesley Cooper Theodore Thornton Munger George Leon Walker George Bushnell Edward Alfred Smith Edwin Pond Parker Augustus Field Beard Newman Smyth Newell Meeker Calhoun Charles Edward Jefferson Payson Merrill William Rogers Richards Clarence Hill Kelsey Charles Hopkins Clark Howell Cheney Harry Goodyear Day William Adams Brown Fred Towsley Murphy Samuel Herbert Fisher George Grant Mason Henry Sloane Coffin Arthur Howe Bradford

Skull & Bones

Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Scroll & Key Scroll & Key Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones

1925 October 10 1925 October 10 1930 January 11 1934 December 8 1935 October 12 1936 October 10 1938 February 12 1938 October 8 1940 November 9 1945 July 27 1946 October 18 1947 December 13 1947 January 11 1952 October 10 1953 Jan 10 1955 1959 1959 1961 1961 1962 1962 1964 1964 1967 1968 1971 1971 1971 1973 1974 1975 1975 1977 1977 1979 1981 1982 1984 1986 1987 1987 1987 1988 1989 1989 1990 1991 1994 1994 1995 1996 1997 1999 1999 2000 2000 2001 2002 2006 2006 2006 2008 2008

1947 January 11 1937 December 30 1946 June 24 1959 June 8 1947 June 16 1961 June 12 1964 October 10 1960 June 13 1962 June 11 1959 June 8 1962 June 11 1955 June 13 1952 December 21 1968 June 10 1967 June 12 1973 1964 1977 1980 1970 1974 1987 1971 1991 1970 1974 1974 1982 1983 1975 1978 1987 1990 1989 1989 1988 1987 1994 1987 1993 1999 1999 1999 1997 1994 2002 2000 1995 2006 2001 2007 2008 2007 2011 2011 2012 2008 2013 2014 2012 2012 2012

Edward Belden Greene Francis Parsons Thomas Walter Swan Henry Knox Sherrill James Lee Loomis Dean Gooderham Acheson Wilmarth Sheldon Lewis George Van Santvoord Morris Hadley Morgan Phelps Noyes Charles Denston Dickey Irving Sands Olds Lewis Hill Weed Gardiner Mumford Day Juan Terry Trippe John Hay Whitney Reverend Amos Niven Wilder Joseph Irwin Miller William Putnam Bundy Edwin Foster Blair Caryl Parker Haskins Joseph Richardson Dilworth Frederick Baldwin Adams, Jr. Reverend Paul Moore, Jr. Harold Howe, II William McChesney Martin, Jr. Hanna Holborn Gray William Sperry Beinecke Lance Malcolm Liebman William Henry Donaldson Cyrus Roberts Vance John Beckwith Madden Maxine Frank Singer Joseph Hill Williams Barbara Scott Preiskel Harold Woodsum, Jr. Cyrus Roberts Vance Sid Richardson Bass James Gerald Hirsch Vernon Reece Loucks, Jr. Jose Alberto Cabranes Henry Brewer Schacht Richard James Franke David Lyle Boren Frederick Phineas Rose Kurt Lidell Schmoke Diana Dwyer Brooks Robert Wood Lynn Susan M. Crown Jaime Serra Right Reverend Victoria Matthews John Ennis Pepper, Jr. Charles Daniel Ellis Barrington Daniel Parker, Jr. Holcombe Tucker Green, Jr. George Leonard Baker, Jr. Gerhard Casper Edward Perry Bass Indra Nooyi Fareed R. Zakaria Jeffrey Lawrence Bewkes Donna Lee Dubinsky Paul L. Joskow Douglas A. Warner III

Scroll & Key Scroll & Key Skull & Bones Scroll & Key Scroll & Key Scroll & Key Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Wolf’s Head Skull & Bones

Skull & Bones Scroll & Key Skull & Bones

Skull & Bones Scroll & Key Skull & Bones

Skull & Bones Wolf’s Head

Scroll & Key

Source: http://www.library.yale.edu/mssa/YHO/founders.html

Alumni Fellows
1872 1872 1872 1872 1872 1872 1873 1881 1882 1884 1885 1888 1889 1891 1891 1892 1899 1899 1901 1902 1906 1910 1911 1913 1919 1920 1922 1925 1928 1931 1931 1932 1933 1936 1940 1944 1946 1949 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1953 1954 1956 1956 1957 1958 1959 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1967 1968 1970 1971 1882 1881 1885 1891 1873 1892 1884 1899 1888 1902 1889 1906 1890 1900 1898 1910 1933 1911 1919 1920 1913 1928 1931 1936 1922 1932 1925 1931 1940 1949 1953 1944 1949 1953 1946 1950 1952 1952 1951 1956 1955 1958 1959 1961 1960 1963 1957 1958 1964 1965 1962 1966 1967 1968 1967 1970 1971 1972 1974 1973 1974 1976 1977 Alphonso Taft William Barrett Washburn Henry Baldwin Harrison William Maxwell Evarts Joseph Earl Sheffield William Walter Phelps Mason Young Frederick John Kingsbury Morrison Remick Waite Thomas Gray Bennett William Whitman Farnam Chauncey Mitchell Depew Thomas Chalmers Sloane Buchanan Winthrop Edward Gay Mason Henry Elias Howland Alfred Lawrence Ripley Henry Farnam Dimock Eli Whitney Henry Bradford Sargent William Howard Taft Otto Tremont Bannard John Villiers Farwell Vance Criswell McCormick Thomas Wells Farnam Edwin Musser Herr William Howard Taft Clarence Blakeslee Mortimer Norton Buckner Thomas Day Thacher Frederick Trubee Davison Edward Larned Ryerson Reeve Schley Robert Alphonso Taft John Wesley Hanes Prescott Sheldon Bush Edwin Foster Blair Juan Terry Trippe Jonathan Brewster Bingham Robert Ten Broeck Stevens Quigg [James] Newton Prescott Sheldon Bush Lucius Franklin Robinson, Jr. Edwin Foster Blair George Herbert Walker, Jr. Charles Merville Spofford Stanhope Bayne-Jones Alan Magee Scaife Benjamin Brewster Jennings Herbert Francis Sturdy Joseph Richardson Dilworth Harold Howe, II Thomas Keith Glennan William McChesney Martin, Jr. Frank Owen Heywood Williams John Vliet Lindsay William Horowitz Spencer Dumaresq Moseley Arthur Kittredge Watson William Warren Scranton Cyrus Roberts Vance A Leon Higginbotham, Jr. Marian Wright Edelman Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Scroll & Key Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Scroll & Key Scroll & Key Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Scroll & Key Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Skull & Bones Scroll & Key Skull & Bones Skull & Bones

Scroll & Key Skull & Bones Berzelius Scroll & Key

1972 1978 John Hubbard Chafee 1973 1979 John Claggett Danforth 1974 1980 David Charles Grimes 1975 1980 Reverend Davie Napier 1976 1982 Strobe Talbott 1977 1983 Bayless Andrew Manning 1978 1984 Gilbert Melville Grosvenor 1979 1985 Vernon Reece Loucks, Jr. 1980 1986 Stanley Rogers Resor 1981 1987 Frederick Baily Dent 1982 1988 Eleanor Norton 1983 1989 Deborah Lynn. Rhode 1984 1990 William Hutchinson Cowles III 1985 1991 Paul Efthemios Tsongas 1986 1992 Ellen Ash Peters 1987 1993 William Lee Kissick 1988 1994 Calvin Marshall Trillin 1989 1995 Joseph Grafton Gall 1990 1993 Linda Koch Lorimer 1991 1997 William H. Draper III 1992 1998 Ruby Puryear Hearn 1993 1999 John Joseph Lee, Jr. 1994 1996 Alvin N. Puryear 1994 2000 William Kane Reilly 1995 2001 Frances Beinecke 1996 2002 David Richmond Gergen 1997 2003 Benjamin Solomon Carson, Sr. 1998 2004 Linda Anne Mason 1999 2005 Roland Whitney Betts 2000 2006 Janet Louise Yellen 2001 2007 Theodore Ping Shen 2002 2008 Maya Ying Lin 2003 2009 Jeffrey Powell Koplan 2004 2010 Margaret Hilary Marshall 2005 2011 William Irwin Miller 2006 2012 Margaret Garrard Warner 2007 2013 Mimi Gardner Gates Source: http://www.library.yale.edu/mssa/YHO/alumnifellows.html

Skull & Bones

Skull & Bones Scroll & Key Scroll & Key

Scroll & Key Skull & Bones

Secret Societies at Yale University

Book and Snake secret society tomb at Yale University on Grove Street in New Haven, Connecticut.

The Skull & Bones headquarter at Yale University on 64 High Street, near the intersection of Chapel Street and High Street in New Haven, Connecticut.

The Scroll and Key secret society tomb at Yale University, located at 444 College St. in New Haven, Connecticut.

The main building of Berzelius, a secret society at Yale University

Wolf’s Head building at Yale University. Wolf’s Head is a secret society at Yale University.

SCROLL & KEY

The headquarters of Scroll & Key is located at 444 College Street in New Haven, Connecticut at Yale University.

The Kingsley Trust Association, also known as Scroll & Key, is a secret society located at Yale University. Scroll & Key was founded by John Addison Porter and other Yale students in 1842. Scroll & Key is the second-oldest secret society at Yale; its rival is Skull & Bones, the oldest secret society at Yale. Fifteen Yale students are “tapped” each year; the inner secrets and initiation rituals of Scroll & Key remains a secret. Scroll & Key has been rumored to have Adolf Hitler’s silverware in its archives. Several members of Scroll & Key are related to various powerbrokers. Scroll & Key member Gordon Auchincloss married “Colonel” Edward M. House’s daughter; Gordon Auchincloss was “Colonel” Edward M. House’s son-in-law. Scroll & Key member Sargent Shriver is married to former President John F. Kennedy’s sister. Sargent Shriver’s daughter Maria Shriver is married to California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. Scroll & Key member Paul Mellon’s father was former Treasury Secretary Andrew W. Mellon. Scroll & Key member Cornelius Vanderbilt Jr.’s father was the infamous railroad baron Cornelius Vanderbilt. Notable members of Scroll & Key include former Secretary of State Dean Acheson, former Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, former Mayor of New York City Robert F. Wagner Jr., former President of Yale and Major League Baseball Commissioner Bart Giamatti, former Rockefeller Foundation President George E. Vincent, CIA agent Cord Meyer Jr., and William Adams Delano, the architect who designed the Harold Pratt House.

Scroll & Key members Dean Acheson (left) and Cyrus Vance (right) were members of the Council on Foreign Relations. Both Dean Acheson and Cyrus Vance served as U.S. Secretary of State.

William Adams Delano, the architect of the Harold Pratt House, was a member of Scroll & Key at Yale University and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Deputy Secretary of Defense Cyrus Vance, Under Secretary of State George W. Ball, Dean Acheson, and U.S. Ambassador to France Charles E. Bohlen meet privately at the White House in March 1966. Cyrus Vance and Dean Acheson were members of Scroll & Key at Yale University. (Photo: Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Library; Dean Acheson: The Cold War Years 1953-71 by Douglas Brinkley)

New York City Mayor John V. Lindsay chats with Nelson A. Rockefeller, Governor of New York, in the backyard of Gracie Mansion in New York City. John V. Lindsay was a member of Scroll & Key. (Photo: John Dominis/Life Magazine)

President John F. Kennedy (right) walks with Peace Corps Director R. Sargent Shriver Jr. (center) on August 28, 1961. R. Sargent Shriver Jr. is a member of Scroll & Key. President John F. Kennedy was R. Sargent Shriver Jr.’s brother-in-law; R. Sargent Shriver Jr. married John F. Kennedy’s sister Eustace Kennedy.

R. Sargent Shriver Jr. is seen celebrating with his wife Eustace Kennedy (left), his daughter Maria Shriver (right), and his son-inlaw California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger.

NOTABLE MEMBERS OF WOLF’S HEAD AT YALE UNIVERSITY

Moreau D. Brown, Thatcher M. Brown, A. Whitney Griswold, Benno Schmidt Jr., R.L. Ireland III, Thomas McCance

Rogers C.B. Morton, Thruston B. Morton, Douglas MacArthur II, Malcolm Baldrige, Mark Dayton, Kurt L. Schmoke

William Clay Ford Sr., Robert M. Hutchins, John B. Rhinelander, Rashid Khalidi, Paul Moore Jr., Erastus Corning II, Robert Fiske Jr., William H.T. Bush
Thacher M. Brown (WH 1897) – Partner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. (1931-1954) Moreau Delano Brown (WH 1926) – Partner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. (1939-1974) Thomas McCance (WH 1925) – Partner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. (1945-1979) R.L. Ireland III (WH 1942) – Partner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. (1960-c.1994) William Clay Ford Sr. (WH 1948) – former Owner of Detroit Lions; Henry Ford’s grandson Philip W. Pillsbury (WH 1924) – Chairman of the board of The Pillsbury Co. (1952-1965) John I. Howell (WH 1939) – former Chairman of the board of J. Henry Schroder Banking Corp. William W. Boeschenstein (WH 1950) – Chairman and CEO of Owens-Corning Fiberglass Corp. (1981-1990) Malcolm Baldrige (WH 1944) – U.S. Secretary of Commerce (1981-1987) Rogers C.B. Morton (WH 1937) – U.S. Secretary of the Interior (1971-1975); U.S. Secretary of Commerce (1975-1976) Thruston B. Morton (WH 1929) – U.S. Senator (1957-1968); Chairman of Republican National Committee (1959-1961) Mark Dayton (WH 1969) – U.S. Senator (2001-2007) Edwin A. Merritt (WH 1884) – Member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1912-1914) Douglas MacArthur II (WH 1931) – U.S. Ambassador to Japan (1957-1961); U.S. Ambassador to Iran (1969-1972) John M. Walker Jr. (WH 1962) – Chief Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (2000-2006) Norman S. Paul (WH 1940) – Under Secretary of the Air Force (1965-1967) John B. Rhinelander (WH 1955) – Under Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (1975-1977) Kurt Schmoke (WH 1971) – Mayor of Baltimore, Maryland (1987-1999) Erastus Corning II (WH 1932) – Mayor of Albany, New York (1941-1983) Robert M. Hutchins (WH 1921) – President of University of Chicago (1929-1945) A. Whitney Griswold (WH 1929) – President of Yale University (1950-1963) Benno C. Schmidt Jr. (WH 1963) – President of Yale University (1986-1992) Robert Fiske (WH 1952) – former independent counsel who investigated Whitewater under President Bill Clinton Rashid I. Khalidi (WH 1970) – Edward Said Professor of Arab Studies at Columbia University William H.T. Bush (WH 1960) – George H.W. Bush’s brother; President George W. Bush’s uncle Lewis E. Lehrman (WH 1960) – President of Rite Aid Corp. (1969-1977) Paul Moore, Jr. (WH 1941) – Episcopal Bishop of Diocese of New York (1972-1989)

Founders of Book and Snake society in 1865. Members enrolled in the Sheffield Scientific School. Society was founded as Sigma Delta Chi.

Former U.S. Congressman Les Aspin (left) and former U.S. Congressman Porter Goss were members of Book and Snake. Les Aspin was the Secretary of Defense under President Bill Clinton; Porter Goss was the Director of Central Intelligence Agency under U.S. President George W. Bush. Whitelaw Reid, former Chairman of the Board of New York Herald Tribune, was a member of Book & Snake at Yale University.

Symbol and names of members of Book and Snake Society, Class of 1960. Published in the 1960 Yale Banner (Yg11 +B3, v. 119, page 63). Les Aspin was the Secretary of Defense under President Bill Clinton; Porter Goss was the Director of Central Intelligence Agency under President George W. Bush.

Members of the Book and Snake (Cloister) Club in 1888

Berzelius members, Class of 1939. Back Row (left to right): Paul Edward Roche; Abbott Widdicombe; John Lawrence Fearey; John Garrison Mersereau; Harold Nelson Willard; Frederic Charles Hirons, Jr.; Herbert Elmer Pickett, Jr.; William Emery Littlefield. Front Row (left to right): Albert Peter Dewey; Robert Seelye Reigeluth; Norman Campbell Cross; William Warren Scranton; Donald McBride, Jr.; Harrie Waldo Bird, Jr.; William Graves Harris. William Warren Scranton is a former Governor of Pennsylvania.

Elihu Club house, 175 Elm Street.

Notable members of the Elihu Club include Senator Joseph Lieberman (left) and former Senator Stuart Symington.

YALE UNIVERSITY CAMPUS

Intersection of Chapel Street (east and west) and High Street (north and south). The Skull & Bones headquarter, known as “The Tomb” is located on the left side of High Street, directly behind the arch. The FedEx delivery truck is parked in front of the Skull & Bones headquarters; the Chairman and CEO of FedEx is Frederick W. Smith, a member of Skull & Bones. (Photo: Flickr)

"A View of the Buildings of Yale College at New Haven." Published April 6th 1807 by A. Doolittle & Son / College Street / New Haven. Drawn and engraved by A. B. Doolittle. Buildings, left to right: Union Hall (South College), First Chapel (Athenaeum), South Middle College (now Connecticut Hall), Connecticut Lyceum, and Berkeley Hall (North Middle College). Only Connecticut Hall still stands. Students playing football on the New Haven Green. (Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University)

Chapel Street, looking west from College Street, 1870s. On the right, portions of Union Hall (South College) and Art Building (later named Street Hall) on Old Campus. Statue of Abraham Pierson, erected in 1874, stands between the two buildings. (Photographs of Yale and New Haven by C. A. Gulliver, 1870-1890 (inclusive). Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University)

Yale Law School (Photo: Flickr)

Harkness Tower at Yale (Photo: Flickr)

Statue of Abraham Pierson, the first President of Yale. (Photo: Flickr)

Statue of American Revolutionary spy Nathan Hale. (Photo: Flickr)

President of China Visits Yale

President Hu Jintao of China and President Richard C. Levin both said that cultural and education exchanges among young people are key to developing stronger ties between Yale and China.

Looking out at the young faces in the audience gathered in Sprague Memorial Hall for his lecture on April 21, Chinese President Hu Jintao said, "If time could go back several decades, I would really like to be a student of Yale just like you." Hu's declaration -- echoing as it did the ambition of Yale's first Chinese graduate, Yung Wing, over 150 years ago -- was an affirmation of the close academic ties that flourished since then between Yale and China. Hu's visit to the University, the first by any president of China, was indicative of the ways that those ties are continuing to strengthen and expand. The Yale campus was the final stop on Hu's trip to the United States, his first since becoming president of the People's Republic of China. Hu had earlier visited Seattle, where he toured Microsoft headquarters with founder Bill Gates, and Washington, D.C., where he met with President George W. Bush. A 55-car motorcade brought the Chinese delegation from Bradley International Airport to campus. Because of security concerns, the area around Sprague and Woodbridge Halls had been closed off, but crowds of people bearing banners of both welcome and protest lined the perimeter. Supporters and detractors had also gathered on the New Haven Green and on Old Campus, which was opened to student protesters for the first time in Yale's history. The Chinese officials were formally welcomed to the University by President Richard C. Levin and the Yale delegation at a ceremony held in Woodbridge Hall's Corporation Room, so named because that's where the University's trustees meet. (See "A Meeting of Delegations".)

President Hu Jintao signs the guest book at the formal welcoming ceremony in Woodbridge Hall. Sitting beside him and President Richard C. Levin are their wives Liu Yongqing and Jane Levin. Standing behind Hu and Levin are Yale genetics professor Tian Xu and Paul Gewirtz, director of Yale's China Law Center.

An exchange of gifts After a brief private meeting, Levin and Hu took part in a formal gift-exchange ceremony, where the memory of Yung Wing was also evoked. Levin presented Hu with a portrait of Yung Wing, who became the first Chinese citizen to earn a degree from a North American university when he graduated from Yale in 1854, as well as a book once owned by the historic alumnus. Yung Wing, after returning to his homeland, launched a program to send other young Chinese to Yale and other U.S. colleges of higher education, and he was one of the first Chinese diplomats to the United States. In 1878, the alumnus gave his personal book collection of 1,280 volumes to the University for its East Asia Library. That collection has now grown to over 700,000 volumes and is considered one of the finest outside of China. The book that Levin presented to Hu, part of Yung Wing's original gift, was a compilation of Confucian teachings, representative both of the types of volumes common in the alumnus' lifetime and of those now held by Yale. In presenting the gift, Levin hailed the academic ties that have brought over 4,000 Chinese students to Yale to study, as well as the current and emerging library collaborations between the University and China. The latter include a new program of librarian internships with the People's Republic of China, which has already brought the first two Librarian Fellows from Sun Yat-sen University to the Yale University Library, as well as a new project for the organization and partial digitization of a special East Asia Library collection containing Chinese historical documents. Levin also presented Hu with a collection of the six volumes published jointly during the last decade by the Yale University Press and the China International Publishing Group as part of a collaboration by scholars from China and around the world to publish works in both Chinese and English about major aspects of Chinese culture and civilization. The publications to date are devoted to Chinese architecture, sculpture, society and politics, archaeology, philosophy and painting.

Levin and Hu examine one of the 1,346 volumes that the Chinese leader presented to Yale for use by its faculty and students. Looking on are (from left) Fawn Wang, assistant University secretary for international affairs; Zhou Ji, China's minister of education; Fox Fellow Guoyou Song; and Jessica Leight, a Yale College senior majoring in economics who will be visiting China this summer.

In a gesture that echoed Yung Wing's gift, Hu presented Yale with 1,346 volumes in both Chinese and English to benefit the University's students and faculty. The gift from China includes titles in a range of disciplines in the humanities and social sciences, and together they comprise a comprehensive and systematic introduction to Chinese scholarship and learning. The Yale University Librarian for the Chinese Collection, Chi-wah Chan, in his initial perusal of the books said, "This gift will add important volumes to our East Asia Library, and I am particularly delighted by the many ways it will fill in gaps in our contemporary holdings."

Sprague Hall speech Following the gift-exchange ceremony, the Yale and Chinese representatives went to Sprague Hall, where an audience of Yale faculty, students and other invited guests had gathered to hear an address by Hu. While waiting for the Chinese president's arrival, the audience had been treated to a concert of music by students from the School of Music. It included performances by Mingzhu Wang, a first-year Master of Music (M.M.) student, on flute; Romie DeGuise-Langlois, a second-year M.M. student, on clarinet; Wayne Lin, a thirdyear Artist Diploma student, on violin; and Scott Borg, a second-year Artist Diploma student, and Matthew Rohde, a Yale College senior in the B.A./M.M. program at the School of Music, on guitar. The program concluded with traditional Chinese folksongs, performed by Jie Gong, a first-year composition student. The Sprague Hall address was history making on several fronts. It was the first speech by a Chinese head-ofstate ever broadcast live back to China; it was also the first speech at Yale to be web-streamed live campuswide. (A web-stream of the event is still available at www.yale.edu/opa.) The event was also broadcast live on the Yale Cable service, both in English and in Chinese, and the English version was cablecast by Citizens Television and Comcast of New Haven. Members of the audience in Sprague Hall were able to listen to Chinese or English versions of Levin's and Hu's remarks via special headphones. In his introductory remarks, Levin praised China's "ancient tradition of reverence for education," adding: "During the past decade, you have made massive investments in your universities, strengthening the most excellent of those institutions while broadening access to higher education from less than 5% to more than 15% of your college-age population. "Your nation's focus on education has contributed substantially to your historically unprecedented success in lifting more than 200 million of your citizens out of poverty in the past quarter-century. We admire these achievements, and, like most Americans, we are hopeful that the development of your economy will be accompanied by continued expansion of the rule of law and strengthening the rights of individuals." The conversations that have taken place in recent years between Yale officials and leaders of Chinese universities have revealed "deep differences on important questions of values and national policy," noted Levin. "But we also share values in common, chief among them the belief that only through education can one acquire the capacity to think creatively and independently, and thus contribute to scientific and material progress as well as to the humanistic and artistic expression that enriches society. "We also agree on the power of personal encounter to deepen mutual understanding among those who start from different traditions, norms and values," said Levin. "Our experience mirrors that of thousands of U.S. and Chinese scientists and scholars and tens of thousands of students whose interactions with one another can be a foundation for a lasting peace between our nations." (The complete text of Levin's address can be found at www.yale.edu/opa.) In his speech, Hu also hailed the importance of the ties between Yale and China, noting, "Yale's motto 'Light and Truth,' which is a calling for human progress, represents the aspiration of every motivated young man and woman. ... The words of Nathan Hale, an American hero and Yale alumnus, 'I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country,' have also inspired me and many other Chinese." Hu went on to discuss recent strides that China has made both economically and socially. He noted with pride that China's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew from $147.3 billion in 1978 to $2.2257 trillion in 2005, but pointed out that "despite the success in its development, China remains the world's largest developing country, with per capita GDP ranking behind the 100th place. The Chinese people are yet to live a well-off life and China still faces daunting challenges in its development endeavor." Over the next 15 years, Hu said, China will pursue a "scientific outlook on development that makes economic and social development people-oriented, comprehensive, balanced and sustainable." Hu stressed that "putting people first" is an especially important component of this approach, saying, "Nothing is more valuable in the universe than human beings. ... We will vigorously promote social and economic development, protect people's freedom, democracy and human rights according to law, achieve social fairness and justice and enable the 1.3 billion Chinese people to live a happy life."

Regarding his nation's international relations, Hu told the audience: "Today, China holds high the banner of peace, development and cooperation. ... It genuinely wishes to enter into extensive cooperation with other countries. It is inclusive and is eager to draw on the strength of other civilizations to pursue peace and development through cooperation and play its part in building a harmonious world of enduring peace and common prosperity." Noting that United States and China both have vast territories and diverse cultures within their borders, Hu said: "Closer China-U.S. cooperation serves the fundamental interests of our two countries and peoples and is also of far-reaching significance for peace and development of the whole world. ... Global peace and security now face new challenges, such as fighting international terrorism, preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, protecting the environment and human habitat and combating transnational crimes. And it is exactly in these fields that we share important strategic interests. ... I am confident that our relations will move ahead in a healthy and steady manner, and contribute to the well-being of our two peoples and bring greater hope to people around the world." Describing cultural diversity as "an important driving force for human progress," Hu said, "As history has shown, in the course of interactions between civilizations, we not only need to remove natural barriers and overcome physical isolation, we also need to remove obstacles and obstructions of the mind and overcome various prejudices and misunderstandings. ... Exchanges in culture and education and among young people serve as a bridge for increasing mutual understanding between our two peoples. They are also a major driving force for the healthy and stable growth of China-U.S. relations. Yale is a forerunner in conducting China-U.S. educational exchanges and provides an important platform for cultural exchanges between our two countries." Yale has accepted over 4,000 Chinese students in the past 20 years, noted Hu, and now has more than 80 joint projects with China in culture, science and technology, and education. "Last summer," he said, "Yale sent the first group of students to China for internships and some among them became the first foreign interns to work with China's Palace Museum. ... "To enhance mutual understanding between young people and educators of the two countries," continued Hu, "I announce with pleasure here that we have decided to invite 100 Yale faculty members and students to visit China this summer. I'm sure you can look forward to an enjoyable experience in China." (Details of the summer program will be finalized in the upcoming weeks.) Hu concluded by quoting the old Chinese saying: "As in the Yangtze River where the waves behind drive on those before, so a new generation always excels the last one." He added: "Young people represent the hope and future of the world. They are full of vitality, new ideas and creativity. I sincerely hope that the young people in China and the United States will join hands and work to enhance friendship between our two peoples, and, together with people of other countries, create a better world for all." (The full text of the Chinese president's speech is available at www.yale.edu/opa.)

Hu laughs at Ernesto Zedillo's suggestion that the Chinese leader would make a great Yale professor.

Questions from the audience Prior to the address, members of the Sprague Hall audience had been invited to submit questions for Hu. These were presented by Ernesto Zedillo, director of the Yale Center for the Study of Globalization and former president of Mexico. Due to time constraints, Zedillo only had time to pose two questions -- which, he said, reflected common topics raised by audience members. Noting that there is "much discussion and little agreement" in the United States as to whether China represents a "threat" or an "opportunity," Zedillo asked: "Is there agreement in your government, Mr. President, about what the U.S. represents for China?" Hu replied, in part: "Both China and the United States have come to be of significant influence in today's world, and both countries shoulder important responsibilities for world peace and common development. ... Our two countries should not only be stakeholders, all the more, we should become parties of constructive cooperation. "I'm sure this view of mine will certainly win the support and endorsement of the Chinese people." In posting his second question, Zedillo began by noting the rapid economic growth that China has experienced over the past quarter century due to economic freedoms by reforms initiated by the nation's leaders in 1978. He added: "There is always the question of whether or not, a system that allows economic freedom while restricting political freedom will encounter serious problems of social unrest in the long run. Is this a concern for the Chinese government? Does the Chinese leadership have a strategy to enhance civil liberties and religious freedom in China?" In his response, Hu said he didn't believe it was fair to say that China's recent achievements are due merely to economic reform, noting that the nation has also seen political, cultural and other changes. China's "sustained and rapid" economic development, he declared, "in itself has demonstrated the fact that China's political system suits its economic development. "In the future," Hu said, "we will continue to make efforts in the light of China's national traditions and the will of the Chinese people to actively, prudently and appropriately move forward the political restructuring and develop a socialist democracy. "In the future we will make efforts to further enrich the formats of democracy and expand the orderly participation in the political field by our Chinese citizens, and we are also going to further implement the strategy of running the country according to law. We will continue our efforts to ensure that the Chinese people better exercise their rights of democratic election, democratic decision-making, democratic management and democratic supervision as provided for in the law." However, Hu concluded, while China may learn from observing other countries' political development, "[W]e will not simply copy the political models of other countries." At the conclusion of the question-and-answer session, the motorcade bearing Hu and the other Chinese delegates whisked off to begin the journey home. Later that day, Yale faculty offered their thoughts on Hu's remarks at a panel discussion titled "China Today." See below for a story on that event. -- By LuAnn Bishop
May 5, 2006 | Volume 34, Number 28 | Two-Week Issue

Source: http://www.yale.edu/opa/arc-ybc/v34.n28/story5.html

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