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Types of computers


Computers are the core and the key of any information systems. It is able to be boxed in numerous spaces and configuration. It may be considered generally or specially as an aim type. It is capable to hold digital data or analog or the two. The use's technology characterizes the inherent ability of a computer, not about its physical space. More extensible velocity, more extensible availability and capacity to wrap information, and more extensible ready ability to adjust extra peripheral (external) will make a computer full power than another careless of their total physical spaces.

Kinds of computers The computers can be arranged by size and the inherent ability. Usually you can find three or four classifications of computers: Mainframe computers, Server, Microcomputers and Minicomputers. Mainframe A mainframe computer it’s a powerful system that had the capacity to support multiple thousands users at the same time. Physically Mainframe computers are the most extended computers you will support. Supercomputer and Mainframe Supercomputer is an approximated word for one of the speediest computers commonly accessible. Supercomputers are extremely high-priced and are used for specified applications that order wide sum of numerical calculations. Supercomputer is a very rapid computer that is able to execute per second several millions of instructions. What makes the main difference between a mainframe and a supercomputer is that the first one canalizes all its power to operate a few programs as rapid as possible, while a mainframe uses his to perform programs simultaneously. Server A server is a specified computer that wraps and is responsible for information and does as a center of activities to join others computers and devices or customers. It is able to divide resources and files, such as printers and faxes, in a secure way.

in value. lightweight and fit to most briefcases. Personal computer types At the present moment. They are portable. Notebook computers: . Desktop Computers: . but there are a lot of modifications on these two essential kinds. lightweight and small. a minicomputer is a multiprocessing system able of upholding from 200 users together.This are the smallest and designed to fit into the palm of one hand & mostly known as Palm computer. individual computers can be widely categorized by dimension and space. The most common use for individual computer is for playing games and lately for surfing the internet. b.these types of computers are fit on desk but too big to carry around. Workstation: like individual computers. But widely. .Microcomputers Microcomputers are frequently called Personal Computer (PC). It finds itself in the middle pace of a computer. It can be determined as a little relatively low-priced PC computer invented for a personal user. Tablet PC: .It’s a type of notebooks computers that accepts hand writings. PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) are widely used handheld Computers. The case is the enclosure that encases all the components (hardware) of the computers. at home. individual computer reach anywhere from a few hundred to over five thousand pounds. Handheld Computers: . The portable computers are computers little enough to carry. c. Minicomputer A pluri-user computer is able of upholding several hundreds or thousands of users at the same time. PDA's. d. Generally. hand-held computers and palmtops. portable computers comprise laptop or notebook. There are two essential models of chassis desktop patterns and tower. Yet workstations are normally joined simultaneously to figure a local area network. the majority workstations are unique-user computers. granting that they can equally be used as individual systems.These computers also known as Laptop Computers which are portable. There are 4 types of Micro Computers a. Some of them perform well than the older.

refers to the instructions. which temporarily stores information that the CPU uses while the computer is on. Hardware that is not part of the system unit is sometimes called a peripheral device or device. on the other hand. which acts as the "brain" of your computer. Inside this box are many electronic components that process information. Your system may look a little different. The physical parts. you might already know that there isn't any single part called the "computer. The most important of these components is the central processing unit (CPU). Almost every other part of your computer connects to the system unit using cables. The cables plug into specific ports (openings). Another component is random access memory (RAM).) The illustration below shows the most common hardware in a desktop computer system. System unit The system unit is the core of a computer system. typically on the back of the system unit." A computer is really a system of many parts working together. The information stored in RAM is erased when the computer is turned off. Desktop computer system Let's take a look at each of these parts. . that tell the hardware what to do. or programs. Usually it's a rectangular box placed on or underneath your desk.Parts of a computer If you use a desktop computer. which you can see and touch. but it probably has most of these parts. or microprocessor. (Software. are collectively called hardware. A laptop computer has similar parts but combines them into a single notebook-sized package.

Hard disk drive Your computer's hard disk drive stores information on a hard disk. Hard disk drive CD and DVD drives Nearly all computers today come equipped with a CD or DVD drive. usually located on the front of the system unit. and many CD drives can also write (record) data onto CDs.System unit Storage Your computer has one or more disk drives—devices that store information on a metal or plastic disk. The disk preserves the information even when your computer is turned off. a rigid platter or stack of platters with a magnetic surface. You can also use a CD drive to play music CDs on your computer. you can store copies of your files on blank CDs. CD drives use lasers to read (retrieve) data from a CD. holding almost all of your programs and files. The hard disk drive is normally located inside the system unit. they usually serve as your computer's primary means of storage. Because hard disks can hold massive amounts of information. If you have a recordable disk drive. .

that's just the sleeve. and connected to the system unit by a long wire that resembles a tail. flexible vinyl material. floppy disks can store only a small amount of data. Many DVD drives can record data onto blank DVDs. Although mice come in many shapes. Mouse A mouse is a small device used to point to and select items on your computer screen. floppy disk drives are less popular than they used to be. plus read DVDs.CD DVD drives can do everything that CD drives can. Floppy disk drive Floppy disk drives store information on floppy disks. also called floppies or diskettes. It's small. The disk inside is made of a thin. Mouse . Some newer mice are wireless. Compared to CDs and DVDs. For these reasons. you can watch movies on your computer. oblong. If you have a DVD drive. Floppy disk Why are floppy disks "floppy"? Even though the outside is made of hard plastic. the typical mouse does look a bit like an actual mouse. although some computers still include them. They also retrieve information more slowly and are more prone to damage.

are generally more affordable. such as the arrow keys. Monitor A monitor displays information in visual form. Like a television screen. Pointing and clicking with your mouse is the main way to interact with your computer. Keyboard A keyboard is used mainly for typing text into your computer. allows you to enter numbers quickly. Both types produce sharp images. The navigation keys. but it also has special keys:  The function keys. perform different functions depending on where they are used. a pointer on your screen moves in the same direction. Like the keyboard on a typewriter. but LCD monitors have the advantage of being much thinner and lighter. found on the top row. (The pointer's appearance might change depending on where it's positioned on your screen. Many mice also have a wheel between the two buttons. however. When you move the mouse with your hand. you point to the item and then click (press and release) the primary button.) When you want to select an item. it has keys for letters and numbers. which allows you to scroll smoothly through screens of information. The numeric keypad.   Keyboard You can also use your keyboard to perform many of the same tasks you can perform with a mouse. There are two basic types of monitors: CRT (cathode ray tube) monitors and LCD (liquid crystal display) monitors. a computer screen can show still or moving pictures. The portion of the monitor that displays the information is called the screen. located on the right side of most keyboards. . allow you to move your position within a document or webpage.A mouse usually has two buttons: a primary button (usually the left button) and a secondary button. using text and graphics. CRT monitors.

They may be built into the system unit or connected with cables. laser printer (right) Speakers Speakers are used to play sound. They can print in black and white or in full color and can produce high-quality photographs when used with special paper. Many people also like being able to print their own photos at home. cards. Inkjet printers are the most popular printers for the home. . invitations. Speakers allow you to listen to music and hear sound effects from your computer. Laser printers are faster and generally better able to handle heavy use. CRT monitor (right) Printer A printer transfers data from a computer onto paper. Inkjet printer (left). You don't need a printer to use your computer. but having one allows you to print e-mail.LCD monitor (left). The two main types of printers are inkjet printers and laser printers. and other materials. announcements.

These disks come in a variety of colors and they hold about 144 million bytes. Cable modem Computer Storage Devices The most common storage devices are:       Floppy Disks Zip Disks CD + RW CD + R DVD + RW DVD + R Floppy Disk – They are plastic square disks. but higher-speed modems are usually separate components. . usually with a silver or black sliding piece going across the top. (Bytes are characters. Modems are sometimes built into the system unit. you need a modem. A modem is a device that sends and receives computer information over a telephone line or high-speed cable. symbols and letters).Computer speakers Modem To connect your computer to the Internet.

but they are usually silver in color. This disk also comes in a variety of colors and holds about 200 MB of data. CD + R Disc (Compact Disc Recordable) – This one is a CD that you can record on. The more uncommon storage devices are:     Removable Hard Drive Internet Hard Drive Flash PC Cards . CD + RW Disc (Compact Disc Rewriteable) – This disc looks like a regular CD. It works just like a floppy disk or a zip disk. This compact disc comes in different sizes. A CD + RW disc holds about 650 MB.7 GB and are used to record movies on. you cannot rewrite or erase anything off of it. but they are a little thicker. They are also a lot less fragile). (Some CDs are black in color and they actually don’t get as many scratches on them as the silver ones do. The only difference is that you can write on this disc and erase it as many times as you want. A DVD – R Disc (Digital Video Recordable) – These discs hold the space of about 4. It’s mostly used to record audio and once it’s been written on.Zip Disk – They look like a floppy disk.

Smart Cards – These are the size of an ATM card. Internet Hard Drive – This one is a service on the Internet that provides storage space to computer users. It’s used with digital cameras. . PC Card – This is a thin credit card size device that fits into a PC card slot. but it could be more. They are very small in size. Smart Media Disc – This is a square disk that has 2 MB to about 128 MB of space on it. Flash Drive – This a storage device that comes in many colors and has a stick shape to it. usually on a notebook computer.    Smart Cards Storage Tapes Memory Sticks Smart Media Removable Hard Drive – This is a disk drive in which a plastic or metal case surrounds the hard drive. It can be inserted and removed just like a floppy disk. but those are even harder to find. but they can hold anywhere between 256 MB and 3 GB of material on them. handheld computers and photo printers. but even today. they can read and update data for you. Usually. They hold approximately 128 MB as well. Storage Tape – This one is a magnetically coated ribbon of plastic. Memory Stick – This is a rectangular shaped disk that is used mostly with digital cameras and notebook computers. Older computers used tape and tape drives. Micro Drive – This is a square disk that has 1 GB of space and is used with digital cameras and handheld computers. some people still back their systems up with storage tape. These tapes hold between 20 GB to about 110 GB of data. This service offers about 25 MB of space. An external tape drive can be purchased separately as well. depending on the service type. It holds about 2 GB of data. When inserted into a smart card reader. This card simply adds storage to most notebooks. capable of storing large amounts of data at a very low cost. storage tapes are a little bigger than audio tapes. Miniature Mobile Storage Media – This is used mostly with handheld computers and digital cameras.