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CRIME SCENE CONTAINMENT

(INVESTIGATION)

I: Getting started with crime scene investigation. II: Activities conducted by the police first arrived on the spot, when committing a crime. III: Activities of police formations in the forensic investigation scene: The role of police officers in criminal investigations in the formation of the research team scene . IV: Other activities of the police officers in the research on the spot .

I Getting started with crime scene investigation. Crime scene investigation is one of procedural activities that the prosecution are usually done at the beginning of trial, to direct knowledge of the scene, detection, fixing and removal of traces created during the crime, and for hearing witnesses, the victims or the perpetrators. On the site investigation the prosecutor examines the circumstances that the crime was committed, collect, preserve and examine evidence discovered.

A. Research in static phase


Crime scene investigation begins with preparatory measures taken by the leading research teams.

B. Research on dynamic phase


Dynamic phase work begins after the finishing of the first phase and is characterized, with searching of evidence in the crime field . II Activities conducted by the police first arrived on the spot, when committing a crime.

Police first arrived on site is required to perform research papers and take measures to prove absolutely necessary, even though they cause is not their responsibility.

Depending on the specifics of each case, will take the following measures:

A) Determining the place of the crime, putting it under guard and protect tracks B) First aid to victims C) Prevention or elimination of imminent danger D) People who entered the field of crime and any changes made by them until police arrived E) Eyewitness identification, the suspects, identify and apprehend criminals

III Activities of criminal investigation police formations in the forensic investigation scene. The role of police officer in the formation of the research team scene Research of the crime scene consists in a methodological rules of forensic investigation and it is dictated by law and by the practical needs. Judicial police officers and the prosecutor (in case of crime falling within their competence) perform criminal acts necessary to establish the constituent elements of the crime - including information obtained by the specialized exploitation - drawing identifying the perpetrator and ensuring the liability of its. Forensic experts carry out the search, discovery, securing, raising and the traces found in the crime field, establishing their nature, mechanism of formation, age and the person or object ,etc. Once notification of a crime, it is necessary that team members to perform tasks that require the tactical and procedural compliance resulting from the legal and practical experience. These particular importance is the measures taken to prepare for research on the spot and immediately after arrival on site as follows: A) Preparation for research on site: 1) Receiving, recording and checking of crime announcement 2) Providing technical and materials 3) Ensure the movement of the team on site 4) Securing specialists and witnesses 5) Event reporting

B) Activities on arrival on the crime scene :

1) Informing about events that occurred and were discovered by workers first arrived on the crime scene . Valuable data can be obtained from other people found at the scene - victims, witnesses, perpetrators . 2) Checking research competence 3) Verifying the performance of preliminary work by the police officers first arrived on the crime scene 4) Finding the changes that have occurred in the initial appearance of the scene 5) Accurate delimitation of the place to be searched 6) Organization of security measures to crime scene 7) Eyewitness identification and identification of suspected persons 8) Crime scene examination 9) Materialization of research activities scene Police workers will attach photographs, sketches, drawings and films. IV Other activities performed by the police officers at the crime scene : Outside activities presented, research team leader must take other measures available for any crime scene investigation of any kind of crime : 1. The organization of intelligence . 2. Tracking suspects and vehicles . 3. Ensure the restart of work in areas unaffected by the crime. 4. Announcement of team members the results in the first action . 5. Determining the conection between team members and exchange of information . 6. Ensure judicious use of staff and cooperation with other offices . 7. Lifting, packing and storage of samples . The main objective of the research is identification and lifting of traces left by the criminals . To achieve value for testing , tracks and facilities must be raised, packaged and stored in special conditions to avoid contamination, destruction or loss . Lifting and packing of evidence at the crime scene is made by forensic specialist.

After completing research on the spot all the evidence found, except for traces papillary, objects bearing potential from papillary and wet objects, will be taken by the head of the research team. Traces of papillary, potential objects and objects bearing traces papillary / wet materials will be taken by specialist forensic laboratory for processing and their exploitation by specific.