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3 cubic feet) Each cow generates about 10 – 12 kg of dung per day. For total 500,000 nos of cow So on an average the dung generation per day = 500,000 * 10 = 50, 00,000 kg Biogas generated per day = 50, 00,000 * 0.037 cubic meter = 185,000 cubic meter 1 cubic meter of biogas is equivalent to 4.698 kwh of electricity Therefore, electricity equivalent from the biogas generated per day = 185,000 * 4.698 = 869,130 kwh Cost of 1 kwh of electricity = Rs.5 The price of equivalent electricity per day = 5 * 869,130 = Rs.43, 45,650 Some frequently asked questions in relation to bio-gas project Why to install Biogas plant 12 benefits of installing Biogas Plant: 1>saving fossil fuels, 2>saving time collecting firewood, 3>protecting forests, 4>using crop residues for animal fodder instead of fuel, 5>saving money, 6>saving cooking time, 7>improving hygienic conditions, 8>producing high-quality fertilizer, 9>enabling local mechanization and 10>electricity production, 11>improving the rural standard of living, 12>reducing air and water pollution.
isn’t it stupid to produce biogas? Methane has a greenhouse gas (GHG) heating factor 21 times higher than CO2. fruit and vegetable waste. Since methane is a potent greenhouse gas. Fiber rich wastes like wood. It is similar to natural gas which is composed of 99% methane. make poor feedstocks for digesters as they are difficult to digest. . These are equipment (tanks) providing full control of the process and ensuring full biogas recovery. Where is biogas produced? Biogas is normally produced in nature by the anaerobic degradation of organic waste in soil. How much biogas can I get out of my waste? The amount of biogas you can extract from your organic waste depends on the waste itself and the design of the digester system. animal slurry. etc. hot water or to generate electricity. to produce vapor. What type of waste produces biogas? Any organic waste has the ability to produce biogas: human excreta.What is biogas? Biogas is a byproduct of the decomposition of organic matter by anaerobic bacteria. Biogas is also produced in landfills where organic food waste degrades in anaerobic conditions. etc. leaves. digester design and proper operation of the system. dairy factory waste. manure. slaughterhouse waste. brewery and distillery waste. Some digesters can yield 20 m3 of biogas per tonne of waste while others can yield as much as 800 m3 per tonne. Biogas is typically composed of 60% methane and 40% CO2. Biogas is a clean and renewable energy that may be substituted to natural gas to cook. Biogas can be produced in anaerobic digesters. marshes. not liquid like LPG (propane). Bottling biogas is a very expensive process. At room pressure and temperature biogas is in gaseous form. In the absence of oxygen anaerobic bacteria consume the organic matter to multiply and produce biogas. meat packing waste. How does it work? Organic waste is put into a sealed tank called a digester (or bioreactor) where it is heated and agitated. ocean. It all depends on waste quality. etc.
For example: On a farm the manure is not considered to be a waste but a fertilizer. the energy provided by the biogas is likely to displace fossil fuel which is the main contributor to GHG emissions. Biogas energy is considered carbon neutral. when we convert biogas to electricity. By installing a digester the farmer can profit from the biogas by reducing odors and enhancing the fertilizing value of the manure. By putting a digester in your waste treatment chain you introduce a potential revenue center. the rest turns into heat which can also be used for heating applications. However.Combustion of biogas converts methane into CO2 and reduces the GHG impact by over 20 times. How much energy is in biogas? Each cubic meter (m3) of biogas contains the equivalent of 6 kWh of calorific energy. You must feed it every day and feed it the right stuff in the . 2 kWh is enough energy to power a 100 W light bulb for 20 hours or a 2000W hair dryer for 1 hour. Moreover. you are probably creating an environmental hazard. we get about 2 kWh of useable electricity. How difficult is it to run a biogas plant? A biogas plant is like an animal. since carbon emitted by its combustion comes from carbon fixed by plants (natural carbon cycle). So why make biogas? It always costs money to get rid of waste. What happens to the waste after digestion? Despite popular belief. less polluting) Waste coming out of the digester can be separated (solid/liquid):the solid part can be composted and the liquid part can be used as liquid fertilizer or can be treated further and disposed. However the quality of the waste is altered for the better (less odor. the amount of waste going in the digester is almost equal to the amount coming out. better fertilizer. in a biogas powered electric generator. organic load reduced. If it doesn’t cost you anything. In an agro-food industry the digester can be used as a primary waste treatment unit where the biogas is used to offset some energy cost in the plant and to reduce the size of the secondary waste treatment. By extracting methane out of waste and using it to produce heat and/or electricity we ensure that the waste will not degrade in an open environment therefore reducing direct methane atmospheric emissions.
It is generally high about 30 per cent more in hilly areas and about 50 per cent more in North Eastern Region States. What are the financial incentives available under the bio-gas program from The Government of India? The Government of India is giving:(i) Central subsidy. (v) Administrative charges to State Government Departments and agencies implementing the programme.right amount.000 (>100 to 250 KW) is available for the installation of bio-gas based power generation units. 40. 14. The per KW Central Financial Assistance (CFA) of 1) Rs. 8000/. 9. (ii) Turn-key job fee linked with five years’ free maintenance warranty. Just like an animal if you don’t take good care of it.000 (3-20 KW). How much subsidy is given for biogas plants? The Central subsidy is given in fixed amounts for different categories of areas/ States/ Regions. Communication/ Extension.700/. 35. 1 M3 bio-gas plant will cost Rs 5500 . masons and entrepreneurs. 2) Rs. subject to sharing of 50% of the cost of repair by the beneficiary concerned for repair of old non-functional plants of more than 5 years.000/. The average estimated cost of the most popular Deenbandhu type bio-gas model is.per plant for general category States & Rs.. 4000/. (vii) Publicity. 30.000 (>20 to 100 KW) 3) Rs.per plant for North Eastern Regions States including Sikkim except plain areas of Assam. it will become ill and will yield poor results. (iv) Training of users. Average cost of 2 cubic meter size biogas plant is about Rs. (vi) Regional level Biogas Development and Training Centres. (iii) Financial Support up to 50% of the applicable CFA. It varies from Rs.to Rs. What is the cost of biogas plant? The cost of biogas plant varies from place to place and size of the plant.
2 M3 bio-gas plant will cost Rs 9000 3 M3 bio-gas plant will cost Rs 10 500 4 M3 bio-gas plant will cost Rs 13 500 .