This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
By Michel Bounan
Dedicated to Gerard Berreby
"I come to explain to you from whence comes this reputation and these calumnies. Thus, listen. Certain people among you believe that I am joking; nevertheless, be sure that I will only say the tell." -- Plato, Apology of Socrates.
"I will punish you for your ways, while your abominations are in your midst. Then you will know that I am the Lord." -- Ezechiel, VII, 4.
Warning Chapter I Chapter II Chapter III Chapter IV Chapter V Chapter VI Chapter VII
New revised edition, published by Editions Allia, 2005. First edition published in 1995. Translated from the French by NOT BORED! November 2007.
According to Editions Alia, Michel Bounan was born in Paris in 1942. Today he is known as a physician and writer. A personal friend of Guy Debord, who strongly influenced his ideas, he has written nine books, all of them published by Allia. None of them has been published in English. It is this last fact or, rather, the circumstances in which The Time of AIDS (1990) was rejected by Verso Books that motivated him to write this Incitement to Self-Defense. Though we ourselves have a few reservations about some of his assertions, which we have indicated by way of footnotes, we believe that his books certainly merit being widely distributed, read and discussed in the English-speaking world. They undeniably enrich and increase the relevance and usefulness of the Marxist-situationist tradition of social critique.
Incitement to Self-Defense By Michel Bounan Warning
The title of this work, which is unequivocal, has often been badly read and, due to this fact, one can say that its content has been badly understood. It is not principally a question of an individual appeal. Its ambitions are quite different: to propose to the reader a model of selfdefense that efficaciously responds to the habitual offensive that our current world leads against those who recognize neither its categories nor its legitimacy.
The discourses that our social organization conduct about itself for the last 150 years are coherent, not only in their overtly eulogistic content, but also in the species of self-critique that it always adds and that only serves to reinforce it. This pseudo-critique can easily be recognized in that it noisily denounces the ravages of our economic, political, social, industrial or ideological systems, or even those more serious ravages that risk subsequently coming to pass, thus accrediting -- for a large public -- its image as authentic critique, but it does so by leaning upon the conceptual foundations or the moral imperatives that are, themselves, products of our current social organization, that appeared with it, that can only maintain themselves with it, and that will disappear with it. To justify itself, such a pseudo-critique thus requires the support of the system that it claims it wants to bring down.
The philanthropic movement of the 19th century that, in the name of moral imperatives and a progressive ideology, denounced the living conditions of the workers during the Industrial Revolution, in the same way that the Leftist university critique of the 1960s critiqued the new forms of alienation in the name of the same imperatives and the same ideology, have best illustrated the nature and role of this pro domo critique.
Pseudo-critique has a triple function:
1) It occupies the terrain of social critique at the historical moments when an authentic critique begins to make itself known.
" "visionary idealism" or "apocalyptic prophetism. the STASI or cryptorevisionism. psychological. The central chapter (chapter IV).according to the times -. which concerns any current or future self-defense. one calls a "bridge" structure. arranged according to what. more and more serious -. It is then fitting to indicate that such crimes only continue to exist today because they are forged and encouraged by the system itself. to the extent that they are the very crimes that this critique denounces (chapter II). More crudely. It will be necessary to consider its contents as a simple illustration of this method." Sometimes the calumnies are more serious.since the beginning of our modern society -. The damage.2) It attempts to impose the ideological forms that are the foundations of the system on those who want to have done with that very system. thanks to the categorical determinations that the system distributes to each according to his needs (chapter V).as an agent of Prussian imperialism. and morbid damage -created by the current mode of market production causes defensive reactions and demands that the system oppose the ones to the others. he or she will see him/herself labeled as a papist. The model of self-defense proposed here presents itself under the form of a general plan in seven parts. and this plan is the real object of the book. 3) Finally. ecological. The first three chapters concern the particular calumnies directed against authentic social critique that appears in current society.social. It is then a matter of showing that the crimes imputed to this critique are not only foreign to it but fundamentally opposed to it. It is above all a question of recognizing the nature of these calumnies and their origin across the apparent diversity of their origins and forms (chapter 1).a deluge of calumnies of the same fabrication and the same intention has always been orchestrated against the real critiques that this society has had to confront. a pornographer or a Guenonian. Authentic critique must not Page 5 . and any person who contests the system will see him/herself denounced -. exposes how -. the setting of them against each other (chapter III). Such a self-defense will always remain prohibited to the police or negationist forgers. it denounces all real social critique that aims at the abolition such foundations by at least accusing it of "nihilism. that they permit the isolation of its victims. The last three chapters correspond to the first three and lead back to the point of departure. in music.
to recognize the other in his/her identical poverty. and "autism" because it claims to found its cause on itself alone (chapter VII).only tie all the sufferings of the era to the market roots of our social organization. of "mysticism" because it believes excessively in itself when confronted with a world that denies it. hermetic (or perhaps neo-Platonic?) deus ex machina. First edition published in 1995. to the extent that today it claims to be opposed to market organization. In the current social war." Pro domo et mundo ("For home and for the world") is the name of a work by Karl Krauss (1912). one identifies one's enemy by his/her uniform and the care that each takes to conserve his/her haughty bearing.this root that one more generally calls liberty.  Bounan is referring to a remark made by Donald Nicholson-Smith. But. and that pseudo-critique does not know at the point that it sometimes wonders if it is not a question of a mystical. by conspicuously showing that they have nothing to defend that is their own. And this is the only meeting place of those who want to have done with the current world. who wrote a reader's report Bounan's The Time of AIDS for Verso Books. The refusal of all the ideological appearances that our social organization produces and distributes to all according to his/her needs thus brings each to recognize him/herself in absolute despoilment. in scandalous banality and. at the the same time. Translated from the French by NOT BORED! October 2007. 2005. (New revised edition. and of which each can have the experience at the moment in which he/she takes exception to all the rest -. the new contesters. It still and always recognizes as its own only the living root of man from which it edifies itself and destroys all the circumstantial historical systems. published by Editions Allia. September 2004  Latin: "for home. All footnotes by the translator. the living subject without qualities (chapter VI). But authentic social critique does not recognize the validity of such determinations. it must also denounce all the individual or collective determinations produced by this organization and only recognize as the subject of its critique the living roots of man. the living subject is simultaneously accused of "paranoia" because it declares itself to be persecuted. one easily distinguishes one's ally in his/her nudity or in the tears in his/her squalid livery.) Page 6 . Thus. are the poles of attraction of the new identity.
4 October 1990). Michel Bounan seeks his references far and wide. Thus. through the factors that favored its diffusion. in their turn. the situationists described the recent mutations -. the same commodity reason engendered. he is properly Swiftian!). the former situationist Michele Bernstein. Dada and the situationists. only resumed the critique that had been developed for 150 years on the occasion of the completely new collective and private suffering that took the unexpected form of an epidemic. in the myopia of the Hegelian system. Situationist critique exposed their motivations and procedures. with respect to AIDS or anything else. is obviously my family (when he speaks of the manner in which Reich was buried.and they.. The logic of the commodity in its socio-economic and ideological aspects. which could only be done by suppressing the conditions that produced it and that it in turn precipitated. Several days after the publication of this book. The Time of AIDS finally concluded that no individual treatment could impede the march of this immuno-depression epidemic (whatever the name that one will want to give it in the future)." our family structures. here as elsewhere. denounced its modern form of spectacle. both the totality of the disaster and the ensemble of the dominant ideas concerning it. in the fall of preceding civilizations (Roman and feudal). It also showed that the current scientific explications. published in it a rather confused but incontestably praiseful article (Libération. the most remarkable reactions to The Time of AIDS has come from people who once referred to. it is obvious Page 7 . situationist critique. the wine that is a living but frightening god. In its time.) This author. thus. in its disastrous developments. He speaks of the symbolism of the dreams "that outlive all the psychoanalysts. entitled Le Temps du sida [The Time of AIDS]. . exposed how the new epidemic of AIDS. At the end of his book.required by the surpassing of its initial contradictions -. who puts his supports down upon Lautréamont. situationist critique had as its principal enemies the so-called official inheritors of Marxist critique. become a journalist for Libération. was the most complete and most terrifying product of the social conditions issued from commodity logic. was critiqued in the last century by Marx. who named it capital in its general form. or claimed to refer to. The Time of AIDS. in sum. . .Chapter I A book that I published in 1990. Subsequently. he even gives practical and homeopathic advice to those whose defenses only get weaker (. one is not deceived.. But no. Likewise. reveal an ideology that is itself tied to commodity logic.
Nicholson-Smith was tasked with writing a reader's report. After the publication of her article.precisely the context from which it is systematically removed (. This judgment was immediately co-signed by another former situationist. It must be added that a barely concealed homophobia does little to strengthen Bounan's case..that this work isn't simply seductive. His objections were important and his critique was severe: The book certainly has the merit of placing the question of AIDS in the broadest possible critical context -.because this entity is also known as "the living God") (. go elsewhere or order it. Donald Nicholson-Smith. one feels.. Bounan's promotion of silica administered to AIDS patients in a homeopathic manner fails to convince: at best. His arguments for the Page 8 .) At another level. where it might have made more sense to ask just how science is distorted. we are listening to the patter of a snake-oil merchant." and replaces it with a quasi-mystical deus ex machina called the "living subject" (and deus indeed -. Bounan evacuates class struggle as the "motor of history. Then." which exactly confirmed that of Nicholson-Smith: Bounan places the question of Aids [sic] in the broadest possible critical context (precisely the context from which it is systematically removed by dominant ideologies). This article was all the more remarkable and remarked because it was the only one published about this book by a major French newspaper. Michele Bernstein was alerted by a colleague at her newspaper and vigorously reprimanded for having made an apology for a "homophobic" and "charlatanesque" work. that of individual remedies in the present circumstances. For all his Marxo-situationist baggage.. The Time of AIDS will not be piled in the shop windows of all the bookstores. Malcolm Imrie then made known to Editions Allia what he called his "own opinion. upon the advice of the author. away from a real comprehension of issues like AIDS. then employed by the English publishing house Verso Books. had previously translated and published Guy Debord's Comments on the Society of the Spectacle and. this is a worthwhile avenue. had envisioned a translation of The Time of AIDS. Malcolm Imrie. another practical piece of advice: Editions Allia not being one of the pachyderms of printed merchandise. The director of Verso Books.. If it isn't there. and by which specific social forces. at worst.) But he denies science any neutrality at all. but very minor. but important as well. Dr.
existence of pathological factors in our 'civilization' which -. All this was apparently of no concern to the readers of Mordicus. erudite and persuasive. are eloquent. sometimes interesting but often banal. Thus. 2) Promotion of a charlatan's remedy for AIDS. this professional warned the readers of Mordicus at great length about what "jammed" in this "rather suspicious" book. the French journal Mordicus in its turn published its own opinion under the signature of Serge Quadruppani. it is very good"!). a "condemnation of sexual perversions. but nevertheless venomous ("one feels the presence of Vaneigem on each page"). His general critique of 'marionettism' is impressive. editor of this journal and described -mendaciously -. Several weeks after the English discovery. the living subject or other nonsense.rather than a 'virus' -. After a rather cretinous blast of kepi ("a brilliant synthesis of life and illness ." the moralizing character of which was Page 9 . No allusions this time to the Motor of History. beyond several generalities. who would be uselessly troubled by the idea that there could exist some kind of relation between this nonsense and AIDS. this journalist picked up upon. the class struggle. Nevertheless. and even several times. And there is sometimes a barely-concealed homophobia in the book which we found distasteful.as a "former situationist" (and even "irreducible situationist author") in the advertising pages of the Nouvel Observateur (1 July 1993). None of this had appeared to the former situationist Michele Bernstein. a work of which Debord had wanted the diffusion and which was. . But we found his notion of the 'living subject' as the only motor of history somewhat mystical. One imagines she was perplexed and perhaps concerned about it. was especially remarkable for these three points: 1) Substitution for the "class struggle" by a species of mystical ideology. . His accounts of the homeopathic uses of silica were rather unconvincing. 3) Obvious homophobia.are responsible for Aids [sic] and many other diseases.
. and proposes to take care of the illnesses of AIDS with homeopathic dilutions of silica (sand) in water. a certain Bounan. indulges in an exercise of pro-situ style in which." Furthermore. a kind of undigested mystical situationism. with sand. the moral father. condemns homosexuality as a form of slavery. ." nothing less. illuminism. obviously denounces a conspiracy. circulated in a group that was part of the Stop-Nogent Committee." With its three major themes (mysticism. . was nevertheless greeted seriously in the pro-situ milieu as a "disturbing book. making very just but quite banal critiques of medicine. centered upon the homophobia of the author and the charlatanesque character of his wild imaginings. but by the "degradation of the modern conditions of existence. . whom the author scorns. This moral father [père-la-pudeur] sings the praises of the traditional family in a style that would not be disavowed by the Church Fathers.attested to by the concomitant "praise" of the bourgeois family. served as a model for other. Page 10 . Of course. Our good apostle offers to take care of the sick on the conditions of submitting to ideological edicts and renouncing the horrible "official medicine. the excellent work of Nicholson-Smith thus found itself here. homophobia). One lies about the nature of AIDS! Which is not caused by a virus. distributed within certain inner circles. charlatanism. . this time well-seasoned: 1) Mysticism. more confidential treatises. which is of rare pretense and full of scorn for the sick (puppets). . .T. . Church Fathers. And he especially found it "truly unsupportable" that the author claimed to recommend to AIDS patients "an old wives' remedy" instead of A. he presents his vision of the world. This exemplary report on The Time of AIDS. 2) Offering to take care of the sick. with great scholarly erudition and illuminist references. One learned in it what was suitable to know about The Time of AIDS.Z. this lie was hidden from the good people by the physicians of "official science" and the coalition of all the powers. this imbecile. for example. apostle of the traditional family. The work. . 3) Homophobia. A typed-up and anonymous text. The author.
a kind of conspiracy against it. It is certainly elsewhere that one will hear "the song of the sailors. nor by "the evacuation of the class struggle. as well as its worthless psychology. founded on NicholsonSmith's reader's report. since he wants precisely to reproduce the cynical appearance of the reasoning of spectacular power. your socio-historical critique. The machine that today codes the Page 11 . Or for the century?" Several months later.Moreover. one made assurances that it was a question of super well-known and quite banal critiques." Michele Bernstein thus had more and more reasons to regret her apologetic remarks. This person is no doubt paid by the network of disinformation that specializes in the treatment of advanced critique. the volte-face of the publisher Malcolm Imrie. the journal Anarchismo published a translation of the Quadruppani in extenso as if it had emanated from the editorial board of this journal and expressed "its own opinion." And. quite foreseeable in the existing situation. a habitually attentive reader and sensitive to what was denounced here. Finally. obviously. since he encouraged his English publisher to translate and distribute it. Quadruppani's text was also quite simply translated and reproduced in the foreign press without indication of its origin. was also not struck by the "mysticism" of the book. I will take note of it. and that Nicholson-Smith participates in it. one wanted to inspire laughter by evoking something that is hidden from the public." And he commented upon the refusal of Editions Gerard Lebovici to publish the book six months previously: "To refuse your manuscript is not a good sign for a publishing house. Moreover. inspired Debord to make several remarks: The extraordinary tone ("passionate-insincere") of this pseudo-pederast is quite instructive. later on: All of what you cite proves the conspiracy. after the distribution in Italy of a translation of The Time of AIDS by Paola Balzola. to those who had already heard that The Time of AIDS treated something completely different. he had written to its author: "I can assure you that I find myself in very great sympathy with the bases of your thought and. against The Time of AIDS. She could nevertheless console herself about her initial wandering by observing that Guy Debord." nor apparently by the "homophobia" or "charlatanism" that others had discovered in it. Thus.
maintained an unsupportable position. Joly's pamphlet. their resemblances and especially their origins incited me to publish a short text. their content. and more precisely what mediatico-police maneuvers were thenceforth used by the modern States in the current social war so as to divert. which was banned and seized by the French police in 1865. antimodernism and homophobia.about whom many still wondered what his trade was -. too. but I have found enough other good reasons in our correspondence to become angry. intended as a preface to the work by Maurice Joly. Page 12 . disguises its true reasons behind the supposedly individual caprices of the members of the ad hoc network. I have refused him Le Spectacle after he increased the pressure to take from me in great haste the worldwide English-language rights (and with what intention?) Thus. * The preceding reactions to The Time of AIDS. isolate. at the exclusion of all the rest: racism. The Crafty State. for some of its members. I have not met with him since then. they only know three inadmissible crimes.degree of democratic permission for access to a book. manipulate and falsify all new critique that today emerges in less and less avoidable conditions. so as to divert the dangerous social agitation of the time towards racist riots. if one presumes the interest of it to be too strong.among other things -. this work was falsified by the Russian police at the beginning of the [20th] century and transformed into an anti-Semitic pamphlet. You must remember that it was already this extraordinary accusation of homophobia against this very book that brought me my first suspicion concerning Imrie's honesty. Guy Debord -. exposed -. Dialogue in Hell between Machiavelli and Montesquieu. faced with an ensemble that was nevertheless composed of real or fantastical former situationists. and it will prefer to justify such pseudo-caprices by the hypocritical appearance of an indignant neo-moralism that simulates the current sheep of the intelligentsia. The preface thus showed how Maurice Joly was the victim of the procedure that it had denounced for the first time. in this affair as in others. Subsequently. It is true that to his status as founder of the Situationist International he excessively added that of gravedigger for this moment that was both real and fantastical.how a modern state had the means to falsify the social critique of an era so as to place it at its service. The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
) The strongest and precisely the most modern argument that you have advanced is this one: "The Dialogue in Hell has not been recently retrieved from oblivion to demonstrate the falsity of the Protocols ." Some time after the publication of The Time of AIDS. . Serge Quadruppani deplored it in this remark: With his handbill in situ-language intended to sell his magic powder against AIDS. Guy Debord brought several nuances: You have written the preface that Joly merits." To this severe judgment. I tried to enlarge the subject in a new book that was announced by a text in the form of a test: Are you a man of your times? The form of this text caricatured the modern journalistic procedure intended to authoritarianly pass on mendacious news in an illusorily democratic form.. this culminates in the surprising manner in which one encounters the "satisfaction" of seeing oneself recognized as a "modern man. thus on what one could reasonably expect. Guy Debord remarked: The test is magnificent! As revolting in the tone as in the informational content. [According to her] particularly weak and improper was the argument according to which "the Dialogue in Hell was not recently retrieved from oblivion so as to show the falsity of the Protocols. on the contrary. it was the mediatico-police operation of the Protocols that proved the truth of Maurice Joly. but they are instantaneously brought to your memory when one is not unfamiliar with the general tendency). on the coming disaster and the factors -. For his part. function as a memory-aid (I am unfamiliar with several figures. Bounan harms the sick much more than official medicine. he knew how to reach.This time the journalist Michele Bernstein let the publisher at Editions Allia know that this text appeared to her to be frankly uninteresting and inopportune. .that contribute to it. In addition." This text can. it provided grave information. but. the references for which would be found in Unnameable Life. it is the mediatico-police operation of the Protocols that proved the truth of Maurice Joly.ecological. on the contrary. economic and social -. with a a sure sense of marketing. But this is a reality that will not impassion the public that. and exactly as the experience of this century has demonstrated (. in addition.. One cannot congratulate you too much for its Page 13 .
that of The Time of AIDS: the current disaster (ecological. to receive at least a dozen more tests. Its subject took up again -.. in whom he recognized a kind of "genius" (for marketing): able to "align.exactly announced the contents.but which has an evocative title (Hotel Ouistiti) -.which the psychiatrists call alexithymia -. But.and generalized -. the book showed that such "dominant ideas" can only be received and internalized at the price of psychic disturbance -.educational value. . that the Russians provoked an earthquake in Armenia and that Jean-Patrick Manchette was [in fact] Jean-Pierre Georges." and of whom he provides the description: these are the "people who believed that Italian 'terrorism' was entirely manipulated by the generals of the carabiniers. nor desire a wide enough distribution.. in imitation-Debord style.was even more impressive than with respect to The Time of AIDS.as one must expect -. I will put some time into depleting the stock that I have. I would like. in addition. epidemiological. of course. the title of which -.at two levels of reading -.addressed to several people who are apparently chosen for their potential role as "resonators. . The "irreducible" Quadruppani abandoned the popular columns of Mordicus to confide his impressions in a much more confidential publication. one must know and make it known that it is a question of so-called "radicals among whom the arrogant certitude of piercing the appearances of the spectacle in general precedes the belief in the most dumbfounding nonsense. the silence of the media -. . As for those who claim to have noticed something else in this book. the function of the media obviously appears under a somewhat new light. This time." that is to say. the discourse of "any pro-situ" and that of "any guru in search of suckers." His critique concerned the author himself. solid evidence mixed with silliness concerning medicine." So much for the content.) I have begun to communicate them to the people who merit it. Alexithymia is thus the terrain on which the dominant ideas seed themselves so as to produce the evils that they claim to name." At the time this report was made. that an anti-capitalist revolution was in progress in Portugal. social) and the "dominant ideas" concerning it are identically produced by the "logic of the commodity" and fundamental accomplices. had been published shortly afterwards. That is to say. Unnameable Life. at which the person who fingers the writing machines is not known -. (." But considerable ecological Page 14 . the Spanish authorities had not yet been forced to pursue the chief of State for "association with malefactors and terrorism. In such a movement. in March 1993.and the physiological and behavioral effects of which are precisely those that led to the current disaster.
Thus. by a "member of her professional entourage." But one must formally acknowledge Michele Bernstein. to become the central connoisseur of the total disaster that is henceforth certifiable in the entire sphere of health." It was Moliere who amused Paris with his bourgeois [protagonist]. will not be disappointed. about whom the stupid people claimed that he was a "fabric merchant. following her first article. you have left the framework." when in reality he "gave it to his friends in exchange for money. In the same piece.in the light of the knowledge that you have highlighted -. but its author. one cannot be deceived. he said: I find that your second offense with Unnameable Life is even more successful. and those who read journalistic reports have no need to be "experts" in philology to recognize a police report behind a signature. But one knows that a contemporary journalist can indeed have another task than that of informing the public and it is thus through a slightly out-of-date usage that one continues to call them "journalists" only. who expect the worst. which -. She told anyone who was happy to listen about all the bad things that she thought. I was completely amazed by the discovery of alexithymia. Page 15 . Michele Bernstein did not reiterate her blunder.appears as the link that had until now been missing from the contemporary expose of the end of everything. it is obvious that this work is not only homophobic. and particularly The Time of AIDS. his previous writings.and confessed -. for whom a certain social activity favored the choice of friends and a particular disposition to find them very good. already quite immense. always excessive in his indulgence according to the apologies that he had not ceased to make for this virtue." when it was in fact a question of a "friend who found himself a colleague. He nevertheless did not complain about having been mendaciously described as an ex-situationist by his colleagues at the Nouvel Observateur. For her part. about which she finally recognized what was suitable to recognize about it: no.in the regions where one could fear the worst: an anti-capitalist revolution. but charlatanesque as well.disasters had indeed already been strategically unleashed -. but apparently still a little circumscribed by an (?) illness. The censors. not only about Unnameable Life. As for Guy Debord. the "irreducible" one reproached me bitterly for having called him a journalist. Apparently the former situationist was not offended by having been treated like a journalist. but she contested having been vigorously scolded.
For some odd reason. his translation reads more like a text by Raoul Vaneigem than by Guy Debord. so rather than translate Bounan's French translation back into English. manipulated by his dangerous associations (police-related or repenters) and also by the person who wrote the preface. He makes it seem that he understands..) Page 16 .  It was written in English.  It was written in English." whom he claims to have inspired.  We believe that this translation was so bad that it amounted to a falsification. And this also serves for a very reassuring interpretation of many (actually worrisome but modern) points in the Comments. Guy Debord wrote: I had read the Quadruppani. in the first rank of the revisionist operation that begun at the end of the 1970s. because he [Quadruppani] says that it is necessary to take me (a ridiculous bullshitter) "at my word. "Remove your mustache. ." At least on the borderline? That is to say. he will be "the most Leftist" expert on questions of terrorism." Ass! In a footnote to this passage. And you know what an expert must always be today. It is a marvel. He obeys (consciously or due to being maneuvered? I believe rather consciously) the same orders that Fargette has obeyed. that an "impenetrable building" is inevitably (as in 1860) an embassy covered by its diplomatic [legal] extraterritoriality. in which the Nazis were judged by their vanquishers (. 1994). Nicholson-Smith would later translate Debord's The Society of the Spectacle into English (Zone Books.  In a letter to Jean-Francois Martos dated 24 February 1990. Henceforth. so rather than translate Bounan's French translation back into English. we have recognized you. A "Supplement to #3 of La Guerre Sociale" affirmed in June 1979: "The legend of the 'gas chambers' was made official by the Nuremburg Tribunal. . as a defender of [Robert] Faurisson. He is obviously a disinformer and perhaps of "type b. Martos added the following: One now knows more clearly that Serge Quadruppani was. we have quoted directly from the original.. we have quoted directly from the original. . And so we have translated it into English ourselves. and as an unquestionable banality.
Incitation to Self-Defense and also The Art of Celine and His Times for denunciations of the revisionist operation. so as to dissuade the readers to which this book was principally addressed (cf. the words within parentheses disappeared from the 1996 version of this text.... In Libertarians and "Ultra-Leftists" Against Negationism (Editions Reflex.. so as to liquidate it better. in which "the delirious residuum of May 68 inextricably mixed with neo-fascist phantasmagorias. were written by Michel Bounan and published by Editions Allia). issue #6 of The Monthly Letter of the Good Descent announced a debate: "Terrorism and the conspiracy vision of history: the example of Italy." Because this attack was too transparent.  Nogent-sur-Seine is the location for a planned nuclear powerplant. The loop has been looped. with its illuminist cult of the truth. which was originally published in 1992. because these lead straight to revisionism. Page 17 . the conception of ideology as lie. which must permanently remodel the past so as to perpetuate itself." It was not merely a question of a trap to compromise naive people as much as possible." it was quite simply a question of denying the revelations of Debord.) We who are revolutionaries intend to support him in any case. and then [Gianfranco] Sanguinetti. This was the very same Quadruppani who one found at the center of an ad hoc network that campaigned against The Time of AIDS. The goal of the maneuver. which aimed at scrambling and leading astray any true critique of the existing world. State terrorism? Guy Debord? The deliriums of May 1968? Here is what must be effaced from the hard drive. concerning the Moro Affair and the terrorism that was manipulated by the Italian State (and.. Also in 1996. as the new recipe for the modern powers).) about Debord's Comments). and all this despite the incontestable proofs and the dazzling confessions that have since verified them.. Paris 1996). beyond.) make one see behind every event the Machiavellian maneuvers of the State or the 'Masters of the World. To deny authentic critique. [and] the taste for scandal"." made by Quadruppani himself. like The Time of AIDS. to discredit it. They thus serve current domination.' a world in which everything is only spectacle and lies (a cutting remark (. these two books." The guilty party is the "innate belief in conspiracies that (. one actually learned that it was necessary to finish off the surpassed reflexes that are "conspiracism. was explicitly unveiled in the final "repentance. after at first trying to efface the gas chambers! The agents of integrated negation scramble the comprehension of the past so as to better disorient the critique of the present. Exposition by Serge Quadruppani: 'Guy Debord: did he exist or was he an invention of the spectacle?'" As for "the conspiracy vision of history.Faurisson is attacked for having sought the truth and made it advance (.
 Author's note: This text was subsequently published in 1996 under the signature of F. this publishing house became the property of their children upon her death in 1990.  English in original. we are not sure about the second two. the one entitled Editorial Politics. Lavacquerie in a multi-author work. Page 18 .G.  These were ideas held by Guy Debord.  English in original.  Published by Editions Allia. 1993. that published Donald Nicholson-Smith's translation of La Societe du Spectacle in 1994. who was her husband and Guy Debord's close friend. So far as we know. We have translated one of the appendices to it. Libertarians and "Ultra-Left" against Negationism. and not Verso.  And so it was Zone Books.  Founded by Floriana Lebovici in 1984 in response to the murder of Gerard Lebovici. the first two ideas were absolutely correct.
but only the overthrow of the social organization of which it is the sanction. homophobia and mysticism. In fact. that is. One knows quite well what a charlatan is: a so-called therapist who exploits the credulity of a public that he scorns by praising the efficacy of illusory remedies. two tendencies of very unequal influence are thus pronounced and opposed in this affair. mendacious promises. little charlatans are less numerous today than previously. This treatment is not proposed to those "sick from AIDS" but to certain. on the contrary. it has monopolized all the sources of enrichment in better concentrated networks -.. voices are beginning to be raised -. because the development of capitalism has considerably reduced the importance of the old retail trade with the help of very strict regulations.so as to denounce medical charlatanism at the highest levels. Furthermore. precisely qualified preAIDS patients.are.and the so-called "radicals" whose priceless extravagances Quaddruppani indicated by splitting his sides laughing and by mopping his brow.Z. the best meta-situationist critics agree that the author of the preceding publications especially distinguishes himself through his charlatanism. With the exceptions of Guy Debord -.completely negligible to the extent he was the gravedigger of this movement -.little compatible with the current way of life -. selling such remedies and enriching himself with his mendacious promises. the experiments intended to verify the interest of it are recognized as insufficient. and even Page 19 .apparently without excluding medical charlatanism. pharmaceutical trusts and the States (falsified experiments. and that the tribunals of the social organization that they serve sometimes severely sanction this type of defamation. biology and language. If the theoretical foundations of such a treatment are somewhat arguable. And the conclusion of all this is that no treatment can be opposed to this epidemic of immuno-depression. Beyond several very well-known banalities concerning medicine.and appeal to tribunals -.T. Then perhaps it is not useless to recall to those who have the lack of awareness to publish under their names the preceding calumnies that I have nothing to sell. insufficient precautions. notorious enrichment. a certain unanimity is shown by those to whom the means have been offered to argue their opinions. The rules of very strict hygiene -. Several pages of The Time of AIDS are devoted to the possible interest of a homeopathic remedy that is assuredly painless and liable to intensify the natural defenses against certain illnesses. Nevertheless. presented as decisive in this book.Chapter II Among those who once appeared to refer to situationist critique. neither "magic powder" nor A.
to AIDS patients. of their world. Thus.of which the scientific experts and the authorized university professors of the era were the guarantors. This scientific finding currently remains independent of all value-judgment: today. all selected and remunerated by the State. With its habitual historical opportuneness. blood transfusions. hard-working and sober German family. Likewise. Those who have spoken in this context of "charlatanism" cannot only be considered imbecilic simpletons. This sentence was pronounced in the name of a criminal code founded upon genetics -. according to Professor Duesberg. And. And this criminal charlatanism of great scope has its source -. drug addicts and "asocial people" have to fear about the privileged financing of such research? Who could be worried that such costly investments will not remain unproductive? Page 20 . what would the homosexuals. those outside the law of the market. Their procedure is quite of their times. the politico-scientific people in charge of the French monopoly on blood transfusions have recently been caught in the act of an even more dangerous medical charlatanism and have sacrificed as quickly as possible a few of their employees so as to protect the business as a whole. which is "not only useless. and of the financial interests that it nourishes. It was not so long ago that homosexuals were led to the slaughterhouse by the people in charge of a modern State that was in the midst of a pitiless social war. with respect to vaccinations. and of their party. the administration of A. those who have read The Time of AIDS know that the book is principally a denunciation of medical charlatanism. official science thus approved the model of the monogamous and prolific. Other scientists and experts. chemotherapies. organ transplants and AIDS.T. Having judged degenerate all those whose behaviors.none can be unaware of it -. Obviously. of the dangers that it stirs up. drug addicts and violent individuals would be "genetically programmed." depends upon the purest medical charlatanism.in the considerable profits that can be made. of the illusions that it entertains. emotions and consciousnesses turned away from the model then demanded by the German economy in difficulty: the Jews and Gypsies. the psychopaths and homosexuals. the discoverer of the retrovirus. of its theoretical pseudo-foundations.Z.complicity). one would be "homosexual in the same way that one has blue eyes" or delinquent in the same way that one has curly hair. but fatal. as in any charlatanism of more mediocre scope. the same questions must be publicly posed to the servants of the crafty State: "Who speaks of what? In the name of whom?" The so-called homophobia of The Time of AIDS obviously depends upon the same procedure. of the scorn that it shows the sick. came to proclaim that the homosexuals. until the end of market time. fanatically submitted to the law of the State." In sum. who are considered to be mechanisms.
different from the two others" (The Essence of Christianity). personified. without pleasure. Certainly no one can claim to have been a Marxist once and be unfamiliar with what mysticism is from the perspective of this critique." Feuerbach wrote. their old and often noted complicity. the Page 21 . And Marx: "Religion is only the illusory sun that turns around man. destroy them) by hiding the fact that they are the negative that it unavoidably produces against itself. in sum. because they have hardly utilized such dangerous arguments. by imagining he speculates on another essence. is sufficiently explained by their common origin. The Time of AIDS exposed -. And the reason for this is obvious: a society as notoriously democratic as ours cannot publicly avow itself to be judge and jury. the speculations on an essence of the world outside of mankind. So as to now have done with the preceding calumnies. And one must still remark that none of the innumerable contemporary religious sects have risked the favorable evocation of any text that I have published. it can only neutralize its adversaries (or. what do these swine want to say about mysticism or religion? "The mystic. they proclaim the durability of that general form. Thus. and without any equivocation." The forms of the various religions. Is this not a condemnation of the sexual perversions and an apology for the "bourgeois" family? The media-police organizations that promote "family values" and "moral rectification" have no doubt judged things otherwise. in extreme cases. the manners of thought and behavior. The so-called genetic determination of homosexuality currently participates. are excessively plastic: they are tied to the general form of the society in question. They have had excellent reasons: all the idolaters have. to its sole movements in the historical circumstances that it ceaselessly recreates and that animate it in return. in such a praiseworthy enterprise. inversely.in detestable fashion -.that the emotions and the desires. that it claims. the question of the so-called bourgeois family and the sexual perversions. in so far as man does not turn around himself" (Contribution to the Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right). recognized that The Time of AIDS is a radical critique of their religion. to make man turn "around himself. to reduce all the idols and their historical avatars to the living subject itself. the image of which they make divine. the professional and familial structures of an epoch are principally tied to the general social organization that produced or induced them.Contrary to these painless scientific rediscoveries. "speculates on the essence of nature and man. Thus.
G.T. and who guarantee the efficacy of A. divisible into similar unities. it is also that of the salaried worker. the market view is not only that of the banker or the receiver of stolen goods. in social structures in which such practices are the very conditions of survival. Thus. the researcher employed as a temp who pays his rent and vacations as part of a club. become quite unworthy. while other forms -. The science elaborated for several centuries in Europe and now universally recognized as canonical unquestionably rests upon such foundations: this is." was originally that of European feudalism. Its foundations are sacred. and B. the student who invests in his work and increases his own exchange-value by several "units of value. independent of the passions of the observer and even independent of his consciousness. Contemporary science is indeed the miracle that permits all the others. a representative sample of consumers or a social class.C. through this properly metaphysical apparatus. a molecular mass or a bit of human brains.old trinitarian form. Metaphysical views form and ripen in life practices that require them. This "other essence" of the world presents itself under a purely objective aspect. after a phase of conquest that it declared to be for [the glory of] the Reformed Church." Contemporary universal science-idolatry results from a consciousness of self and of the world that is forged by a market life-practice from which one can only escape with difficulty when the economic system is still functioning. the Supreme Being and then Nature personified. market civilization discovered -." In the purely market view of things. [Bacille de Calmette et Guerin]. nevertheless. an illusory sun that only turns around mankind in so far as it does not turn around itself.were used to represent and protect the different socio-economic organizations in Africa and Asia. founded on what Marx called "the fetishism of the commodity. independent of the living desires of the seller." the idolatry of "exchange value. And the world likewise discovers it has a bizarre meaning. only a religion. They are the ones who rediscover the congenital bases of homosexuality. social aggressivity and drug addiction. Nevertheless. Page 22 .Z.in the same epoch -. called "Catholic.and imposed on the entire universe -.its real religion. it is an historical avatar of this protean idolatry that has always served to legitimate perishable social organizations. And. any object takes on a foreign value. these perceptions of the world and of oneself are imposed by the market view like an irrefutable truth and the absolute principle of all knowledge. to credit them with a kind of eternity. As for market civilization. Contemporary scientific experts and scholars are priests. measurable: that of a hundred-weight of potatoes or a stock of books.
Thus the theories of historical development -. both are merely different manifestations of the same mystique. today. Isn't it above parties and social conflicts? But if -. scientific research has been sunk in several slightly improper affairs. and quite obvious complicity in diverse social conflicts. it will be the very principles of this science that are recognized as fundamentally improper. Seveso. Contemporary science is inseparably tied to the spectacle. sales of indulgences. etc. and moreover it is not useless to maintain this effect as a contemptible alternative. but also the so-called "human" and "social" sciences as well.do not appeal to God -. But as the degraded forms of religion are popular expressions. as in past times the Biblical denunciation of idolatry served a quite real and venomous idolatry.not intimately lived in a conscious practice of life.like social critique itself -.Nevertheless. accomplices of the same civilization.are pure products of this very religion: the "class struggle" is only a reactionary dogma as long as it is not lived by the living subject of which it is the unique principle and the proof. Theologians often act haughty and disgusted when faced with vulgar beliefs. they correspond to more miserable ways of life. Here it is not only a question of what one calls the natural sciences. and the representations of the atom must not be confused with images from science-fiction. and the pretty daughter of the squire has no place in the community of saints. some of its priests desire to free it from its filthy allegiances. the critique of science-idolatry is the preliminary to all social critique. Likewise. Today. for some time now. is the real center of the world. the stories about extraterrestrials are unworthy of the conquest of space. from its ignoble vassalage. Were not the Hungarian insurgents of 1956 dealt with by Moscow's bureaucrats as "the tools of Wall Street"? Why shouldn't the contemporary idolaters accuse of mysticism the denouncers of their own folly? Page 23 . as more recently the Stalinist denunciation of capitalism served to protect its real form in the Stalinist empire.towards the out-of-date forms that allow its neutralization. Thus. in Auschwitz. as the spectacle is tied to the commodity. And all of this grandiose construction will collapse along with the civilization of which it is the religion. The critique of a mummified form even reinforces the contemporary religion that participates in this critique.the market system can no longer maintain itself as it is. Hiroshima. But the necessary critique of religion is now diverted -. but lived as eternal laws. over the course of the last half-century. foreign to itself and contemplated as such -. which. Nevertheless.
falsify and calumny any new social critique that is really useful in the most modern conditions.one can dress oneself in a kind of contestatory legitimacy and work to occult. the homosexuals and the unsubjugated. Page 24 .Z. In conformity with this well-proven tactic. respectively. homophobia and mysticism were forged for the sake of the sick." The "unbelievable faults" of the founder and gravedigger of the SI have nevertheless ended up in a situation where few former situationists have been found usable for this role and where it has been necessary to invent a great many others.one would have to accuse me of being a racist or a misogynist. why choose these? Because.. organized and diffused it through the "ad hoc networks" work for the same shop. Why have me prefer this bad reputation among so many others that one could make for me? The response seems obvious. These were perfectly targeted calumnies and made in an unquestionably strategic operation. "not only useless.by proclaiming oneself to be partisans of an old and fossilized social critique -." who incite AIDS patients to have recourse to A.T. with the complicity of former members of the Situationist International: it doesn't matter who is merely a coarse beast and who has long been suspected of being a simple "disinformer. to attract malcontents to them. In 1864. and to all those who submit to the conditions of modern servitude in its most terrifying aspects and who strive to grasp the source and coherence through a social critique elaborated for 150 years. finally -. the operation against The Time of AIDS has been conducted under the anarcho-situationist label. The Stalinist propaganda services have more recently shown how -. to direct violence at inefficacious actions or even actions useful to the maintenance of order. charlatanism and mysticism hurled at The Time of AIDS . Maurice Joly exposed how a modern State has the means to create its own oppositional groups concerning precise questions. to the homosexuals who were then on the firing line of the hecatomb epidemic. a pedophile or a secret agent from the narcotics squad.have all been fashioned according to the same model.following the same procedure -. But the question arises: among so many possible calumnies. but fatal.diffused by people who propagate the theories of "congenital homosexuality." and who proclaim their faith in the commodity-ideology of science-idolatry and who expect from it a miracle that would save them in extremis from the next scourge -. The accusations of charlatanism. Those who inspired.* The calumnies concerning homophobia. The Time of AIDS is principally addressed to three categories of readers: to AIDS patients and their circles. These were the readers whom it was fitting to discourage. almost 30 years later.
" the badly housed. the tone of which is much more choleric and more insulting to the established order than mine.  "Cette Mauvaise Reputation" is the title of a book by Guy Debord (1993) in which he reproduces and responds to particularly "disinforming" articles about his later writings. And all this is widely reported. For Nicholson-Smith.  English in original. writings. see Debord's letters to Gerard Lebovici dated 27 May 1979 and 11 July 1979.  The reference here would appear to be the conclusions that Guy Debord reached concerning Serge Quadruppani and/or Donald Nicholson-Smith. Homosexuals are invited to take power. the recently subproletarianized. the entire medical establishment is presented as a conspiracy of assassins and AIDS patients hurl an ultimatum at the President of the Republic that he immediately stop the epidemic that is carrying them off.One last question: why has the content of The Time of AIDS and that of the texts that followed it appeared so untimely and so unfortunate that such an operation had to be conducted? Today. inversely. Page 25 . they reveal their own positions. "angry queers. Actions are conducted by commandos of AIDS patients. How have I merited the honor that is today conferred by such a bad reputation? It is the knowledge of the current stakes that permits a response to such a question and. Such is the risk of these kinds of aggression: if those who make them miss their mark. encouraged and applauded by the very people who have affixed their signatures to the preceding defamatory proclamations. the quality of their instruments and sometimes even the color of their uniforms. these stakes are made precise in the light of the preceding calumnies. proclamations and claims are made and published.
" Tied to commercial activity. dangerous sources of energy [proposed] as "proper". It became almost universal when the new use-values demanded by insatiable clients -. mysticism and homophobia that one judged it interesting to make against me." "liberty" and "life" -. nor the personal shame of being deprived of a home. charlatanism has developed considerably since the Renaissance (the classic charlatan appeared in France at the end of the 16th century). more popular perversions: emotional. * Charlatanism consists of mendaciously attributing to a commodity some kind of illusory use value so as to increase the demand for it and justify its excessive price.became properly extravagant in the market civilization. respectively. [Bacille de Calmette et Guerin].I have pursued others -. it has been necessary for me to respond to the preceding accusations of charlatanism.G." "health.Chapter III If the police forces of Napoleon III found it advantageous to accuse a bronzier affiliated with the International Association of Workers of being a Prussian or a vagabond. a politician. perhaps it was useful to the accused to refute this mendacious imputation. But their trial assuredly aimed at other things: neurotic homophobia.C. of a more modern and dangerous mysticism. I have shown that these crimes were not mine -. some bath water. when the largest part of the market offers illusory compensations for the deprivations and suffering that it itself produces. It is an abuse of commercial trust that concerns all kinds of commodities: B. and minor. and those who abominate them will certainly agree that it is a praiseworthy enterprise to seek the causes and combat them by all means. Who forced men into such misery? For what profit? Which interests separated the States from each other? On whom fell the crime and the shame? Thus. a polyvalent vaccine.and that my defamers were themselves accomplices of a great charlatanism. one can say that charlatanism completely Page 26 . ideological and social. private charlatanism. A mode of production that was constrained to suppress all this could obviously not satisfy such unreasonable demands. archaic religion. but then it was assuredly necessary for him to take exception to the criminal code and his accusers: the workers' International did not recognize the crime of being a Prussian. But it could furnish in their places a documentary film. These perversions are actually quite common. and of theses that have historically served a really criminal homophobia. proposed as "anti-tubercular protection". that is to say. Quadruppani as an "ex-situationist. Today."nature.
a marginal charlatanism still tries its chances in the midst of the generalized brigandage. and other. Page 27 ." This minor. he specifies that the religious spirit is both "an expression of real misery and a protest against this misery" (Contribution to a Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right). The renter of the farm speaks of "ecology. elsewhere. Contemporary.covers the old "honest" market." and the bone-setter speaks of "revitalizing bio-energy." Those who single out mysticism or charlatanism as a private crime. dismissed divinities. and sometimes even criminalized: because no dominant church can easily tolerate the competition of surviving micro-sects. those that result from the suffering occasioned by this mode of production. The tree of the fairies." the fortune-teller speaks of "prospective. In the Theses on Feuerbach. One cannot have done with one without suppressing the other. from the heights of an institutional idolatry that is far more powerful and dangerous? In its time. work to exonerate. Marx remarks that "the religious spirit is itself a social product". it is never a question of accusing someone of mysticism or imputing to this person the crime of having "illusions about his/her situation.habitually serves to camouflage and reinforce a charlatanism of a completely different scope and especially to exonerate a system in which charlatanism has become the normal mode of functioning. And advertising in all of its forms is the modern means for the charlatan to ascend the bench and ring the bells with a luxurious array of mendacious promises. the invocations of the enchanters and magic practices were all ridiculed. Thus. Today. but I remark that such an accusation -. universal charlatanism is the bastard child of a mode of production that has become incapable of satisfying the most urgent human needs of today. * What about the crime of mysticism that one today imputes so willingly to the zealots of the old. Thus. to protect and to reinforce a social system that produces both. sometimes publicly denounced or prosecuted. But it is the very foundations of mysticism that prohibit one from regarding it as a minor crime. but by whom? And for what supplemental profits? The denunciation of charlatanism certainly clamors for voices other than these. in a calumnious fashion or not. I have defended myself against this calumny. private charlatanism is often mocked." but exclusively of denouncing the social conditions that create mysticism and "the situation that needs illusions.even directed knowingly against some tame oddball -. disapproved of. the triumphant Catholic Church already denounced the previous mystical residues. more radical methods.
Any contemporary desire or amorous behavior is -. which the homosexual experiences precociously. The happy marriages between perversion and puritanism. The protest of the homosexual can take the form of a mirror-identification with "domination" (as with Montherlant). gives birth to varied characterological structures. in a defamatory fashion or not. But homosexuality is not simply the expression of this loss of the I.sometimes even passionately -. or any other neurotic behavior. it is also a protest against this very loss. it is only remarkable due to an extreme sensitivity to all environmental aggressions. Page 28 .* Finally. is itself the concentrated product of a reified social organization in which the deprivation of the I is the very essence of this "castration. like the others.sober. The "emotional plague" and sexual misery are the most marvelous gifts that are offered to us in profusion by a mode of production in which all social relations are reified." As for the morpho-psychological type of the homosexual. The choice between these protests is assuredly already a political choice.familial and congenital -. and particularly psychical aggressions. and literally without thinking about it). The universality of sexual perversion nevertheless finds itself greatly occulted by an emotional perversion as widespread and as tied to market activity: puritanism (the conservation of "use value" by the mastery of desire conditions that of "exchange value": the merchant is thus traditionally -.permanently or episodically. to different degrees and in infinite varieties . suffers. is obviously even more ignoble. The only congenital terrain here is the hyperesthesia of the homosexual to this "castration" that he. frugal.. of the crime of "homophobia" or any other phobia. But the "castrational" family. rigorous and puritanical. For example. among the causes of homosexuality two pre-dispositional factors have been revealed -. or that of an affirmation of the subject with "servitude" (as with Genet). one to the other.perverse. which are completely compatible with modern social activity. to accuse someone. between reification and retention. One can even observe that emotional amputation and neurotic character[istics] are today the best conditions for satisfying social integration. affected by the reified consciousness of oneself and others (it is not superfluous to enunciate today that a free social or sexual relationship is a relationship between subjects who mutually recognize themselves as such). which one willingly opposes.
if homosexuals manifest more clearly than others the essential misery of all. Manual of Psychiatry) between the homosexuals' excellent social adaptation and the precise failure of their sexual morality. with which they have found an acceptable accommodation. one knows that it is a neurosis. it is obvious that the so-called failure and the supposed virtue mutually protect each other.these alone are not the mendacious imputations that it has been necessary for me to highlight. Like all the neuroses. that is to say. they easily believe that their homosexual engagement spares them from a more general protest against the world of reification.Nevertheless. Homosexuality and homophobia thus are not crimes. obviously. With the sole exception of their sexual conduct. The aversion of the homophobe for the devirilized "queer" pleasantly masks for him his own amputation and. but also the indecency of the people who have dared to reproach someone else for the crimes of a system of which they are the salaried domestic servants. the social origin of this misadventure. As for homophobia. but forms of misery. the social origins of which are not difficult to recognize. and the hatred that he has of the homophobe dissimulates the real cause of his misery. the psychiatrists have spoken of an astonishing "split of self" (Henry Ey. and which will be maintained as long as the victims hatefully designate each other as the perpetrators of their own [respective] sufferings. Inversely. including the theories of congenital homosexuality that prepare a hell for them. of which one disapproves. * Questions of charlatanism. Thus their mutual aversion allows them to be unaware of their shared unhappiness and to maintain it. In this respect. On the contrary. Page 29 . for the homosexual. the homophobe incarnates "castrational" authority. the majority are highly honorable due to their enthusiastic contributions to all the mirages of consumptionparticipation. an intimate conflict between vivid homosexual inclinations and an even stronger moral prohibition. this one is accompanied by panic attacks (known under the name "homosexual panic") that occur when environmental circumstances become too tempting. mysticism and homophobia -.
and quite worthy of our admirable "society of the spectacle" -. Anti-Oedipus (1972. the prevalent and transcendent Phallus. pp." Thus." Today. see Gilles Deleuze & Felix Guattari. those for whom I wrote them and those who have found them so detestable work on such divergent projects -.is that today these confrontations and these hatreds. it was just and foreseeable that those who participate in the dynamism of the delicate balances found no sympathy for these books. But today. and the SS would also amuse themselves in the concentration camps.and that.cannonballs against cannonballs. But the real innovation -. which are absolute conditions for the maintenance of the current order. a large part of the animators must present themselves as violently opposed to the established order. and its relationship to Oedipus in both instances. alcoholics against heroin addicts. translated by Hurley. additionally.  For a nice contrast to these ideas.of which our social history has provided enough edifying examples -. and the exclusive distribution that presents itself in girls as desire for the penis. And. other professionals incite the Africans or their defenders against the "racists.that is. I must recognize that neither The Time of AIDS nor the texts that I published afterwards respected the imperative rules of such a "social critique. With accusing fingers. establishing the exclusive use of the disjunctions: you are [a] girl or boy! Such is the case with Oedipus and its 'resolution. 59-60): "Something common to the two sexes is required. hysterics against obsessives -. Calotins against science-idolaters. Such is the case with castration.The maintenance of the current social organization certainly has great need for this permanent civil war between victims: homophobes against queers." Obviously. pushes them to slit the others' throats -. at the same time. craftsmen point out the African immigrants to those who have recently been chased from their towns and forced to emigrate to neo-banlieus. The squires of Texas sometimes amused themselves with their blacks.' different in boys and girls.that the expression "class struggle" perhaps would not be incongruous to designate their divergence. and in boys as fear of losing it or refusal of a Page 30 . whereas the other camp is inflamed by other kinds of actors. but something that will be lacking in both. Seem and Lane. Castration is at once the common lot -. are aroused and encouraged in the name of "social critique" and sometimes even in [the name of] what one dares to call "the class struggle.without making itself suspect of complicity with the "terrorists" or the "racists"? Assuredly. the fact of inciting the prisoners against each other and the slaves against each other does not constitute a real historical novelty. and that will distribute the lack in two nonsymmetrical series. who denounces the economic system that has destroyed the native lands of both groups -.
an origin. 'assumption of one's sex. to castration: for girls.and teach us resignation. Furthermore. will not be reached in a psychoanalytic setting. but will be social: the eradication of violence against homosexuals.' This something in common.in short. Resignation to Oedipus."  No: homosexuals do not hate homophobes because of what (or who) they represent: they hate homophobes because of what they say and do. it is like the One in negative theology. the Lack with two nonsuperimposable sides. This something in common must lay the foundation for the exclusive use of the disjunctions of the unconscious -. renunciation of male protest -. to which it attributes a goal. in introduces lack into desire and causes exclusive series to emanate. and a path of resignation. is purely mythical. that is. the great Phallus. any real solution to this situation will not be representational.passive attitude. Page 31 .
thus. the internationalists added. History had a meaning that passed through "economic and technical progress" and led to "moral and social progress. that it was the roots that had to be extirpated and destroyed. in a great hullabaloo of solidarity and embraces.by the agitators who avowed themselves to be "internationalists" and who spread criminal notions: the market system alone was responsible for the misery that it claimed to combat and its logic in fact constrained it to maintain the standard of living of the workers at the level required for their survival as producers. lacking solidarity between the workers of the different professions in each country and a fraternal union between the workers of the different countries" (preamble to the statutes of the I. Such a radicalization of social critique was obviously not a game played by aesthetes fascinated by beautiful theoretical constructions. the development of banking networks and railroads. 1864)." with universal happiness at the end. prepared -. Sometimes one organized subscriptions and banquets for the benefit of this or that category of poor people." One encouraged the workers of a guild or a region to demand salaries equal to those of the workers of other regions or other guilds. with impatience and sometimes with anger.W. They concluded that "all the efforts made until now had failed. "the subjection of the worker to capital is the source of all political. and the same equality for the duration of their days at work. One supported the creation of "mutual aid societies" and "mutual credit and savings" [banks]. and that any other attempt to reduce particular miseries was only oil poured upon always-renewed wounds. "social progress" hic et nunc: too many intolerable injustices! Too much scandalous poverty! One demanded immediate reform to take care of the suffering of those whom Napoleon III called with tenderness "my friends who are in the thatched cottages and workshops. moral and material servitude" (preamble to the statutes of the International Association of Workers.Chapter IV The industrialization of the previous century gave the abolition of all human suffering as its ultimate goal.). This generous. Nevertheless. Thus. It appeared from the start as the minimum basis for Page 32 . the militarization of the factories and forced child labor. they proclaimed that it was the very bases of the market world that had to be changed. Thus.calmly but with giant steps -.and sometimes even weakened -. a contestatory movement clamored for.A.a radiant future for all of the human race. nor even a supplementary effort with a view to obtain the maximum results as quickly as possible. Thus. courageous and energetic contestation was poisoned -.
Asphyxiated in the 1920s. the free use of their time. additionally. in an immense part of the world. The networks of workers' unions and old socialist parties were made to accept the idea of never practically contesting the center of the market system. production was reconverted into the fabrication of strange commodities: to those whom the mode of production had deprived of their human space. Many novelties had then appeared in our market society.on the quite benign condition of maintaining the current mode of production -. namely.their own new identities. their consciousness and even their own images. for example. whose revolts one had just come to fear. etc.) involved the monstrous development of what one no longer called "advertising. and." Certainly the duration of the illusions remained weak and required the incessant renewal of market lures: but it was exactly this that the mode of concentrated and accelerated production had the greatest need. In the 60s of our own century. culture. an almost identical confrontation opposed the just and generous social critique of the era to the whims and obsessions of the Situationist International. principally animated by Guy Debord. the great social revolution for which the workers of the 19th century had fought so hard. and photographic cameras with which to surveill -. was finally realized (or so one said).in uncertainty and anguish -. Capitalism had surmounted its initial contradictions. on the barricades at Paris resulted from such a defamatory operation.an efficacious critical activity: nothing could be durably obtained without overthrowing the entirety of the market system. and the suicide of Dombrowski. the greater and greater accumulations of producers who were deprived of everything. One could see and even hear its spokespeople: the Page 33 . Against this dangerous association of malefactors were mobilized the armies of spies at the service of all the police forces of Europe. culture in which to learn the new rules of virtuous life. This liberation of market production was associated with an inverse movement of the enclosure of the producers. Precisely targeted calumnies were effectively propagated against its members with a view to opposing them to the entirety of the exploited people. the economic system abundantly furnished -.popular automobiles in which to freely travel through the space of the commodity." but "publicity. moments of leisure to democratically consume what one made the producers produce. happiness. and the just as monstrous accumulation of commodities that no one could [afford to] buy any longer. for which many had died. The necessity of guaranteeing the adequation of such commodities with their announced use-values (liberty.
popular automobiles or outrageous publicity. the situationists concluded that the spectacle was the new face of capital. Many of those who initially composed the Situationist International came from the milieus of the artistic avant-garde. They also asked themselves about the excesses of publicity and propaganda. an editorial position. of the new proletarian poverty. liberty in the form of new diversions. progress in sociology or progress of the police State -. intelligence in Le Nouvel Observateur. with a great reinforcement of angrily "anti-capitalist" speeches." This "dictatorship of the proletariat" protected itself. thus the risks of "mental manipulation. All of this generous activity nevertheless did not hinder them from acceding to a chair in a sociology department. with a network of "reeducational" penitentiaries. art in the New Wave. and even to dishonor them. In sum. Everything was thus accessible to the most demanding clientele in this universal market: wellbeing in the form of new refrigerators.union freedoms or Stalinism. and on the "Western luxury" of the automobile [quatre-chevaux] and television: images. of its aggravated alienation.chiefs of state surrounded by rather ordinary governmental apparatuses. Several scrupulous critics nevertheless worried about the repercussions of such a brilliant success." They questioned the leaders and warned the public. and sometimes even massacres of "objectively counterrevolutionary" populations. according to the martial tone that suited the "class struggle. which had provisionally resolved its initial contradictions. They added that. they said. in truth. which paid the price for "Western luxury.were all dependent on a unique phenomenon: the universal production of images of what the market mode of production was constrained to prohibit. or a Nobel Prize for literature. the novelties over which they were in ecstasy or which they deplored -. They pointed their fingers at the poverty of the Third World. against its class enemies. which the entire Left then loved passionately. The situationists even spat upon the great Cuban. The hardly recommendable individuals who then formed the Situationist International had the impudence to insult all these ardent and zealous protesters. and denounced the "embourgeoisification" of the unions. The situationists claimed that these people's virtuous remonstrances only served to lubricate the mechanisms of a system whose "excesses" were the only thing they deplored." Sometimes they evoked the existence of Stalinist concentration camps. where one knew a bit about images and where one was not unfamiliar with their use-value. and that it was necessary to resume Marx's critique on the basis of this new reality. moreover. Yugoslavian and Algerian Revolutions. they recognized that the new social environment was in sum the Page 34 . but who managed a "socialist" production and "socialist" salaried workers. Thus. with the means of an excessive but "proletarian" police force. like any other. and even social revolution in Kruschev and Mao TseTung.
according to the methods that Maurice Joly had successively denounced and then experienced. rich bourgeois idlers or ambitious artists.such as Marx and the first internationalists had undertaken on the basis of capital. to designate them as "natural enemies of the revolutionary class. For almost ten years. but they did not lead to any fortunate results: the fakers always found themselves rapidly expelled. This redefinition of the center of the world involved a redefinition of the proletariat (those who are deprived of the use of their lives and who know it). the goal was obviously the same.or herself cut off from his/her true life and immersed in the strange universe of the spectacle. The extravagances of such a critique naturally aroused legitimate reactions. calumnies were widely diffused against the situationists as a group and especially against the organization's founder. Efforts to infiltrate and manipulate the situationist group were also attempted. forged and propagated by individuals who often presented themselves as revolutionaries. but opposed to each other. cold calculator." The type of celebrity acquired by Debord (despite everything) gave way to a new type of defamation in the form of praise. Page 35 . Finally. It permitted the union upon new bases of those whom the spectacle had not only isolated. activity and even the existence of the Situationist International. it was a question of a social critique that was elaborated on the basis of the roots of the new alienation -. his "nihilist" taste for destruction: haughty aristocrat. it was necessary to defend oneself against the criminal usage that these people were making of a liberty that was so democratically accorded. One then spoke of CIA agents or KGB agents.  The style of the 17th Century in France. his "strategic" genius. One was now ecstatic about his "great century" style. a conspiracy of silence thus covered the investigations. writings. Such an insistence could even suggest to an unwarned public that this critic remained completely intolerable in today's much more dramatic circumstances. separated from the ensemble and diverted from their meaning. but the goal was always the same: to separate the situationists from those whom they claimed to unite.what one had called a "radical" critique for 150 years -. implacable destroyer.virtual reality that computer science had not yet dared to invent: each person found him. often at the moment of their first fruitless attempts. For the situationists. the picture was widely reproduced by all the media people "specialized in the treatment of advanced critique. Nevertheless. Some elements of its social critique were sometimes recuperated." But from organized silence to excessive calumnies and perverse praises.
everything happens today as if the sinister masquerade of the spectacle only serves -. Moreover. Our garbage-covered beaches show the crudest perceivable aspect. the recrudescence of tuberculosis and the unexpected appearance of new infections are today tied to a general immunological deficit. In truth.have caused an exhaustion of living "resources" and the reappearance of deprivations that market civilization had promised to suppress definitively.Chapter V Over the last 20 years. irreversible desertification. the most dangerous and the most scandalous aspect -. but merely the accumulation of polluting waste-products. as Debord already remarked at the beginning of the 1970s. Fertilizers and pesticides intended to reduce famine increase cancer. For example. But the worst. accelerated and uniform poisoning of the planet. other novelties have appeared in our world that have tragically confirmed the Marxist and situationist critiques. Anti-infection and anti-cancer medical treatments are themselves immuno-depressants. Massive deforestation.quantitatively and qualitatively -. impoverishment of the land and the oceans are today responsible for episodic famines and especially an endemic malnutrition that effects one in four individuals.necessary to the maintenance of order -.to delay the collapse that Marx announced. accidents -. cancer and AIDS. the accelerated production of neo-commodities and the illusions that they have supported for the last 60 years -. And the return of oldtime poverty worsens the perverse effects of the preceding poisons in what concerns immunodepression. of which chemical and radioactive pollutants are the co-factors and AIDS is the most recent expression. In this domain. one can measure the difficulties of managing such a world. fatal infections. those who observe the conditions of our forests and rivers can suspect what is taking place in our own living cells.by worsening the effects -. If one wants to also consider the fact that the agri-business and pharmaceutical industries are among the most dangerous polluters. The explosion of human cancers.is obviously invisible: chemical and radioactive. The only remedies that the market world can conceive and elaborate have already produced their intolerable secondary effects. * Page 36 . Certainly the evanescent and labile nature of modern production has (beyond generalized dispossession) not involved the accumulation of stocks of unsaleable commodities.although they are more and more frequent -.only represent the extraordinary part of the space and time of a progressive.
for 20 years. and disastrous epidemics can be expected in the next few years. demands and comforts." certainly. Page 37 . the haggard old people await the cancer or the infection that will led them (without return) to C.H. due to our new demands for comfort and delicacy. To respond to the growing disquiet of the public that is faced with such surprising novelties. The air of our modern towns "emancipates. the children of the old inhabitants of these towns. uncertain and relative concept! With the end of market illusions and the return of old-time poverty. But the suicides of the young testify to a kind of normality and a new well-being: simple effects of an existential dissatisfaction. The era of full employment and guaranteed salaries is over. and even admirable. which has led us to the brink of planetary destruction and fatal poisoning. obviously greater today due to a material comfort unknown to preceding generations. each according to his/her small differences.including what everyone now estimates to be extravagant -. one has heard many speak of "natural chemical pollution" (produced by volcanoes) and "natural radioactivity" (from certain rocks): the waste products produced by industrial pollution are thus completely relative phenomena. The era in which no one in Europe is forced to sleep outside on packing crates and to beg for food or search for it in trashcans is also over.T. the very novelty of which is in fact explained by an increase of collective well-being.U. More and more youths hide from the police to take drugs. Among their TV sets and anxiolytic tablets. after all. At the peripheries of the modern towns. progressively increasing salaries and social peace through the means of multiple compensatory lucky charms. isn't that life? A quite vague. And this new Third-World that envelops us will not return by charter to Africa. to consume remedies daily.. themselves chased from their ravaged countries. which had to be destroyed to obtain the historical postponement that is today completed. biological self-defenses and resistances to aggression are weakening. And yet one can no longer maintain such an accelerated production. or A. a few antibiotics or anti-depressants. But. but the concept of sickness itself must be relativized: it has become normal. The importance of current unemployment and economic recession have the effect of discrediting models of behavior. it is naturally the public peace and social consensus that are in the process of dissolving.Z. because ThirdWorld conditions of life invade them more each year. It has assured full employment. has nevertheless permitted the prolonged survival of market socio-economic organization. many to commit suicide as well. Thus. The World Health Organization nevertheless relays the following alarming news: everywhere vitality.The monstrous acceleration of market production over the last three-quarters of a century. new concepts of normality -. Certainly it is necessary to hospitalize more people each year.have been hastily forged and diffused. whom one incites against the Africans. there accumulate new immigrants.
as in 1929. Their elders can no longer believe that 40 years of perfect resignation will guarantee them retirement when they are infirm. Heroin and suicide have replaced Coca-Cola and Leftist militancy. where its illusions had long permitted the encysting of any proletarian revolt. but rather a progressive and inexorable collapse.without which a social organization such as ours can no longer function. destroyed the mirage of market happiness." have said their last words in the pollution of the towns and the irrationality of their inhabitants. assured in any case of the obligated complicity of the western States. And the discrediting of the "values" on which our society of "progress" rests has contributed to rendering common previously marginal behaviors. The students can no longer believe. And even the merchants no longer believe in a "rebound" that would bring an end to the current "crisis": they have discovered that. such a loss of trust in the current socio-economic system appears -. The Cuban. who have always known how to arrange alliances in all the milieus. State terrorism and ethnic massacres. almost no one any longer believes in an acceptable future than could guarantee good management. The "social climate" has thus changed a lot in thirty years. those old irrecusable witnesses to "Western luxury. Algerian and Yugoslavian Revolutions have said their last words in famine. this time. the socio-cultural animators and especially the police. it is not a question of a sharp and violent illness. Our banlieus "at risk" thus are no longer kept in check by the Stalinists. that the diplomas that they strive to acquire will assure them of any subsequent soporific peace of mind. as in death throes. who still prefer them to the frightening possibility of proletarian revolt. The collapse of the revolutionary lie produced its own effects in the West.without the existence of any other model that would be more satisfactory. In several countries in which the revolutionary mirage reigns as master. which one today ranks under the modest name "minor delinquency. The young workers can no longer believe that any security will be automatically conceded to them as a counterpart to their silent submission to work. The Stalinist empire collapsed and the old mafiosi who collectively managed it have given way to their degenerate children." Even more seriously. These children no longer even care to keep up an appearance of legitimacy. In sum. the old songs about the "little banlieus" have changed tone. in the West. and one especially hears this anguished refrain: "Where is all this leading us?" Page 38 . The old model called "socialist" actually collapsed almost everywhere under the same pressures of the economic downturn and the pollution that had. one has even seen the resurgence of what the spectacle had just a little while ago assured us were improbable historical accidents: State racism and ethnic cleansing.for the first time in our century -. that could be opposed to this system. as before. The automobile and television. They are currently and simultaneously controlled by the drug networks.
Finally. their vocabularies and slogans. responsible leaders or wild lunatics. Here one clamors for jobs or housing with great cries. Thus they are not at all troubled by Page 39 . great anger and frenzied demands are publicly expressed today. the bad leaders whom one must change one more time? Moreover. or even against the slow death throes of the children in Chernobyl. whether these sufferings concern the destruction of the environment. some governments strive to satisfy the just demands as best they can. To each particular suffering there corresponds a main protest group or several of them. one requires more police officers against the drug dealers. Moreover. is it not virtuous to defend the homeless and the endangered species. one strives to obtain the closure of a nuclear power plant or even the closure of all nuclear power plants. There are not lacking some comedians who demand that priests be given the right to get married by a judge and that homosexuals be given the right to get married in a church.* In truth. Several exotic people protest against the bombardment of Sarajevo. the homosexuals and Abbe Pierre. the main protesters nevertheless present a remarkable shared character. of course. between the workers' unions and the associations of ecologists. None of them link the sufferings that they denounce to the market root of the social organization that produced them. the wormy doctors. purchasing power and the Bishop of Evreux. workplace conflicts or material deprivations. Further on." Despite their contradictory protests. one furiously demands of the government that it stop the AIDS epidemic as quickly as possible. Still elsewhere. The media often democratically retransmit these claims and demands. and especially between all these fine demands and the terrible "economic imperatives. and one threatens to occupy a cathedral that is no longer used. between the police delegates and the representatives of the bludgeoned. How to assure the protection of jobs and satisfy the ecologists? How to get the ecologists to agree with each other? The all-carbon antinuclearists and the protectors of the ozone layer? A responsible government can only propose a "negotiated multi-party solution" between the prisoners of Paris and those of Timbuktu. with their signs and pamphlets. according to the variable sensibilities of the public. But nevertheless it is necessary to bear everyone in mind. the corrupt judges and. but fewer unfortunate mistakes made by the police in workingclass neighborhoods. against the deforestation of the Amazon. the old Belleville and the new Opera? Is it not dignified and courageous to denounce the police-architects.
Their leaders. Page 40 . they have no chance to encounter each other elsewhere than in front of the President's palace. "Stop AIDS" has nothing to do with "Nogent Out. in the current social system.  See The Sick Planet (written in 1971 but unpublished in Debord's lifetime) and Theses 11-15 in Theses on the Situationist International and Its Time (published in 1972). moreover.recognizing the legitimacy of a government to which they present their firmly worded petitions and which willingly receives their spokespeople." nor do those expelled from Belleville have anything to do with those expelled from la Goutte-d'Or. they can not recognize any shared demand: they are isolated because they are separated from the root of the evil that they claim to denounce. Thus.  The University Hospital Center. carefully protect them from all risk of contamination. On the other hand. these protest groups quite exactly occupy the place that the workers' unions occupied in the 1960s.
that it is a question of endemic malnutrition. subsequently. that each must recognize in him or Page 41 . I attempted to show that the new morbidity. and the AIDS epidemic in particular. those of starving. the convergence of which is really disastrous and which results from all of the perverse effects of the market economy at its current stage of development -. to this suicidal conduct and these epidemics.Chapter VI By publishing The Time of AIDS and. as the proletariat delivered from its last illusions. agri-business chemistry. a condemned people is thus forced to define itself as the irreducible enemy of the market system -. even more alienated. were tied to a certain number of cofactors (toxicological. the sufferings of AIDS patients meet those of the inhabitants of Chernobyl or Bhopal. Unnameable Life. drug addiction and diverse modern medical procedures. those of the emigrants of any origin. But there are now other determinations. visibly so) an impending collective death. the alwaysaccelerated production of compensatory delusions) and this maintenance of the market system that have reduced the planet to such a state of exhaustion and poisoning. led us to this collective death. morituri te salutant!"? * The radicality of their social critique led the first internationalists to proclaim their solidarity beyond all national and professional determinations. psychical and behavioral disturbances.in any tone of voice -. emotional and social). Who can doubt that the expansion of the contemporary tragedy will pose the social question in new terms and that the dialogue which will begin with the managers of the market world will open up with this frank salutation: "Ave Caesar. chemical and radioactive pollution. all pay the price for the considerable efforts deployed during the course of the last half-century to maintain in a state of prolonged survival a social organization that has. nevertheless. suicided or drugged children. Today. Faced with such a system.to do anything in such a situation: a minister can do no more than what he himself is made to do: participate in the management of a socioeconomic organization of which AIDS is the logical conclusion. and that have led its inhabitants to these desertified lands and these sordid banlieus. The result is that it is extravagant to ask a [government] minister or a group of ministers -.that is to say. From this point of view. it constrained them to recognize in these determinations forms of alienation imposed by the social organization that they combatted. which is founded in principle on the non-dialectical logic of things and carries within itself (today. It is these efforts (that is to say.
since the origin of the "society of the spectacle. finally. Both had likewise declared themselves in solidarity with the proletariat's selfemancipation. blacks and Bretons." but his or her own image as black or queer. in 1968. Not only his or her socio-economic activity as executive or "job seeker. Thus. among the others and oneself. each will observe in it. a black or a Breton. One can even say that. the living subject freed from its alienating determinations. moral and material. Pushed by the excess of suffering. his or her old adversaries laughing. in the stench of reification. assuredly. his or her emotional perversions as racist or homophobe. it was the view of the situationists and the nameless population who. and. who designated market logic as "the source of all servitude. by the recognition of their unique source. his or her "opinions" on the contemporary novel or the class struggle. and those who defend -." More recently. My crime was thus no worse than theirs. Page 42 . exhibiting their sores." it hasn't demanded [anything] better. simultaneously. It lies between those who defend the rights of workers and whores. a philosopher or an artist. expressed its joy and freedom through strange wall inscriptions: "Hide. no one will have anything to envy in his or her neighborhood. * I have thus supported this point of view in The Time of AIDS and Unnameable Life. All these determinations (social.herself and in the others as being tied to the current system. both groups of internationalists had identified the proletariat as the irreducible enemy of market logic and its exploits. certainly. by the recognition of the mechanisms that it animates. philosophers and artists.for all -. Today. and the maintenance of the contemporary order has everything to fear in this laughing: because there is nothing worse on the battlefield than such fraternization among troops whom one has excited to carnage. It had previously been the view of the first internationalists. but I do not pity myself for having been treated like they were. Such is the real frontline in modern social war: it lies between the market system of reification and its mortal enemy. a pervert or a neurotic. more and more wretches will howl under the balcony of the market. any other conflict can only serve to make this world turn: it has the habit [of doing so]. queers and puritans. emotional and ideological) must be denounced as foreign and alienating. bloody stumps and running ulcers.the right to no longer be a worker or a whore. object!" and "Life instead!" Before me. political. And. And it is the reappearance of death in the world that renders the frontline of such a war visible. sobered up and become sudden accomplices. between those who protect alienation and those who want to emancipate themselves.
For Marx. the situationists identified the proletariat not with position. Caesar.On the Poverty of Student Life). with consciousness of their alienation ("a proletarian being someone who has no power over his life and who knows it" -. the individual's consciousness of alienation would not have been sufficient: he required class consciousness. Hail. but with consciousness. those who are about to die salute you. Page 43 . the proletariat's consciousness of itself as a whole. but it elides a basic difference between the two Internationals: while the Marxists identified the proletariat with its central position in the economy and thus its ability to shut that economy down. this may be true.  Yes.
a homophobe and a charlatan -. homosexual or stricken with AIDS.description does not fit me for another sufficient reason: I am the opposite of a model of identification or a publicity poster. Since then.having read about it in Debord -. Thus. were young. especially those who did nothing. beautiful. In several specialized milieus.Chapter VII The descriptions of me as a mystic. their meetings." and who especially manifest a particular hatred of Debord that is now disguised as perverse praise. On the one hand. make a certain denunciation of the "political spectacle. intelligent and talented. The situationists. they concern the socio-contestatory label that it is fitting to give me and. On the contrary. Page 44 . I am neither young nor remarkable in any way. they have found other models that are more advantageous in the always-changing spectacle." By this name were called the impotent admirers of the prestige of the Situationist International in the 1960s and 1970s. and thus I have several reasons to feel solidarity with them. such groups served to attract and then disgust those whom situationist critique had troubled over the course of those same years.that it was bad and undignified to be a "pro-situ. there only remain individuals who are quite shady and who evoke their false past as "situationists" in a tone that is both critical and disabused. when The Time of AIDS was published." which they threw in each other's faces because all knew -. who use a certain vocabulary. to put off readers who were Marxist. I have inherited nothing. their celebrations and their adventures testify to such rare gifts and such exceptional aptitudes that one still wonders what more they could have hoped for from the revolutionary transformation of a world that had endowed them so well. on the other hand. The quality of their discussions. But other judgments have been pronounced about me." The "pro-situ" -. No particular talent has been accorded to me by the conditions of life that are mine and any effort to write costs me. Today." For some time.which were intended to be offensive -. particularly repellent. The description "pro-situ" certainly no longer fits such people." These admirers did not survive for long after the disappearance of the Situationist International and its prestige." the "medical spectacle" and the "sport spectacle. psychopathological personal traits.were thus forged.or even "merely pro-situ" -. one has attributed to me the slightly out-of-date quality of being "pro-situ. One already recognized them by the insult of being called "pro-situ. my current life does not seem more worthy of being envied than that of many of my contemporaries. one can instead describe them with the monstrous term "meta-situ. brilliant. The very numerous competing groups that they formed in every district were of course infiltrated by police officers who were more intelligent than them and perhaps even more "ludic.
after 50 years of integrating mechanisms and compensatory delusions.Such mediocrity associated with such impudent demands speaks volumes about our era. but also of all the means that it can henceforth invent to maintain itself for much longer? According to what I ceaselessly hear murmured around me. Obviously. to place themselves in the same position of self-defense. Likewise." Paranoid delirium is characterized by logical and coherent reasoning developed upon false premises. one has charged me with possessing particular psychopathological traits so as to dissimulate my much more troubling banality. Even supposing that I have several -. to have arrived here: what a strange era! And what care for public order! Thus. Because -. the theory of the "class struggle" -. they can only be quite common. One thus speaks of paranoia with delusions of persecution. And. paranoia is necessary. Debord's thought is "paranoid" thought. It is a question of the current Page 45 .congenital? -. between alienation and the spectacle. not only of the future of the market society. Nevertheless. I find indecent the reproach of speaking about oneself addressed to someone who precisely recommends such conduct to all those who strive to resist the weight of market reification.with the kind of persecuted-persecutor relation that it implies -. Any logical and coherent discourse is today suspected of being issued from a paranoid brain. I. it seems to me that I have greatly abused the advantages that one can derive from such a position. and narcissism with exaltation of "Me. Moreover.is an unquestionably "paranoid" theory. But the matter is settled when the conclusions of this discourse are opposed to those that the spectacle recognizes a priori as true. but what unheard-of meaning is it thus necessary to give the "class struggle"? Is not my absolute and sterilizing despair likewise manifest when I despair.beyond the anecdotal framework of a kind of author and the calumnies about his kind of books -. Only this method can put back on its feet the real and scandalous "dialectic of subject and object" too often invoked these days to designate this swindle: the likable controversy between the Me and its environment. Thus.guilty dispositions to crime.it is quite another thing that is advantageously demonstrated here and that likewise reveals itself to all those who will be constrained. before long. if the class struggle exists. of absolute and sterilizing despair. all the same. it nevertheless seems to me that I belong to the larger and larger population that does not at all despair about the impending end of this civilization and about what will follow it.
of the terrain on which they appear. Translated from the French by NOT BORED! November 2007.) Page 46 . 2005. First edition published in 1995.stakes. August-September 1995 (New revised edition.through all this -. of the conflicts for these stakes. of the defensive mechanisms on both sides. published by Editions Allia. and -.the dynamics of an historical movement that is not finished.
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