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Look up roselle in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Scientific classification Kingdom: (unranked): (unranked): (unranked): Plantae Angiosperms Eudicots Rosids
It takes about six months to mature. 1–2 cm (0. arranged alternately on the stems.39–0. used for the production of bast fibre and as an infusion. enlarging to 3–3. The flowers are 8–10 cm (3–4 in) in diameter. white to pale yellow with a dark red spot at the base of each petal.to five-lobed.79 in) wide. It is an annual or perennial herb or woody-based subshrub. and have a stout fleshy calyx at the base. growing to 2–2.Order: Family: Genus: Species: Malvales Malvaceae Hibiscus H.4 Jam and preserves 2. The roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is a species of Hibiscus native to the Old World tropics.5 m (7–8 ft) tall.3 Beverage 2. Contents [hide] 1 Names 2 Uses o o o o o 2. fleshy and bright red as the fruit matures.5 Medicinal uses 3 Phytochemicals 4 Production 5 Crop research . 8–15 cm (3–6 in) long.1 Leafy vegetable/Greens 2.2 Tea 2.2–1.5 cm (1. sabdariffa Binomial name Hibiscus sabdariffa L.4 in). The leaves are deeply three.
3 Natural outcrossing under local conditions 6 Gallery 7 Footnotes 8 Further reading 9 External links Names The roselle is known as the rosella or rosella fruit in Australia. chin baung in Burma. Hibiscus cannabinus is also known as meśta/meshta on the Indian subcontinent.bissap in Senegal. wonjo in the Gambia. where they are used as food colourings. Grenada and Trinidad for example. In Chinese it is 洛神花 (Luo Shen Hua) . dah or dah bleni in other parts of Mali. but the Senegalese government estimates national production and consumption at 700 t (770 short tons) per year. Guinea Bissau. Burkina Faso. has been used in folk medicine as a diuretic. Germany is the main importer. The fibre may be used as a substitute for jute in making burlap. Chaye-Torosh in Iran. Saril in Panama. Saudi Arabia. and treatment for cardiac and nerve diseases and cancer. Flor de Jamaica in Mexico. The red calyces of the plant are increasingly exported to America and Europe. mild laxative. where there are Senegalese immigrant communities.كك كك ك ك discuss] Arabic pronunciation: [ˈkarkade]) [dubious – in Egypt. Tengamora among assamese and "mwitha" among Bodo tribals in Assam. specifically Roselle. and Sudan. In some places. karkade (. it is called Sorrel. The green leaves are used like a spicy version of spinach. som phor dee in Lao PDR. Hibiscus.o o o 5. zobo in western Nigeria (the Yorubas in Nigeria call the white variety Isapa (pronounced Ishapa)). . Benin and Niger. Pundi in Kannada. the Congo and France. They give flavour to the Senegalese fish and rice dish thiéboudieune. LalChatni or Kutrum in Mithila] Mathipuli in Kerala. Gongura in Telugu. grosella in Paraguay. Also in Burma their green leaves are the main ingredient in making chin baung kyaw curry. It can also be found in markets (as flowers or syrup) in some places such as France. the plant is primarily cultivated for the production of bast fibre from the stem of the plant. Ghana. Uses The plant is considered to have antihypertensive properties. KraJiabDaeng in Thailand. asam belanda in Malaysia. sorrel in theCaribbean and in Latin America. In certain West Indian islands. Proper records are not kept. katolo in kiKaonde.1 Crop genetic resources & improvement 5. Mali. Zoborodo in Northern Nigeria. rosela in Indonesia. Ambadi in Marathi.2 Mutation breeding 5. In Zambia the plant is called lumanda in ciBemba. omutete in Namibia. or wusi in chiLunda. Its close relative.
Hibiscus cannabinus. emollient and resolutive properties to the bitter roots. The seeds are said to be diuretic and tonic in action and the brownish-yellow seed oil is claimed to heal sores on camels. Roselle tea is also quite common in Italy where it spread during the first decades of the 20th century as a typical product of the Italian colonies. dried or fresh prawns and green chili or cooked with fish. believed to also reduce cholesterol. one of their traditional cuisines See also Hibiscus tea . asafetida and molasses. is taken as a remedy for biliousness.In East Africa. In Burmese cuisine. produces a Shandy Sorrel in which the tea is combined with beer. Assam (India) the leaves of both hibiscus sabdariffa and hibiscus cannabinus are cooked along with chicken. Leafy vegetable/Greens In Andhra cuisine. In Thailand. called Gongura. fish or pork. The leaves are fried with garlic. In India. It is perhaps the most widely eaten and popular vegetable in Burma. with salt. It can also be made into a wine Hibiscus flowers are commonly found in commercial herbal teas. especially teas advertised as berry-flavoured. strangury and mild cases of dyspepsia. Roselle juice. The heated leaves are applied to cracks in the feet and on boils and ulcers to speed maturation. The dried flowers can be found in every market. especially the Sahel. A lotion made from leaves is used on sores and wounds. the calyx infusion. called "Sudan tea". They are also mixed with spices and made into aPacchadi. Roselle is drunk as a tea. roselle is commonly used to make a sugary herbal tea that is commonly sold on the street. called chin baung ywet (lit. a Trinidad and Tobago brewery. is taken to relieve coughs. pepper. Tea In Africa. A light soup made from roselle leaves and dried prawn stock is also a popular dish. The leaves are steamed along with lentils and consumed as Dal. a decoction of the seeds is given to relieve dysuria. Beverage Cuisine: Among the Bodo tribals of Bodoland. Brazilians attribute stomachic. The Carib Brewery Trinidad Limited. the roselle is widely used and considered an affordable vegetable for the population. sour leaf). as they give a bright red colouring to the drink. is extensively used.
Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago where it is called 'sorrel'. dissolved menthol candy. In Mexico. then adding sugar. and/or various fruit flavors. The Gambia. It is also very popular in Trinidad & Tobago but cinnamon and cloves are preferred to ginger. 'agua de Flor de Jamaica' (water flavored with roselle) frequently called "agua de Jamaica" is most often homemade. Burkina Faso and Benin calyces are used to prepare cold. In Malaysia. believed that the drink is made from the flowers of the non-existent "Jamaica plant".In Lebanon. sometimes toasted pine nuts are tossed into the drink. Dominica. Antigua. Grenada. Senegal. With the advent in the U. juices or extracts. often mixed with mint leaves. A similar thing is done in Jamaica but additional flavor is added by brewing the tea with ginger and adding rum. of interest in south-of-the-border cuisine.A roselle drink In the Caribbean sorrel drink is made from sepals of the roselle. Also.Barbados. It is a popular drink of the country at Christmas time. since many untrained consumers mistake the calyces of the plant to be dried flowers. The drink is one of several inexpensive beverages (aguas frescas) commonly consumed in Mexico and Central America. it is widely. It is often served chilled. but erroneously.S.It is then consumed with or without ice cubes after the flowers have been strained. and they are typically made from fresh fruits. for making .S. In Mali. sweet drinks popular in social events. The Middle Eastern and Sudanese drink "Karkade"( )هيدكركis a cold drink made by soaking the dried Karkade flowers in cold water over night in a refrigerator with sugar and some lemon or lime juice added. It is prepared by boiling dried sepals and calyces of the Sorrel/Flower of Jamaica plant in water for 8 to 10 minutes (or until the water turns red). roselle calyces are harvested fresh to produce pro-health drink due to high contents of vitamin C and anthocyanins. This is also done in Guyana. the calyces are sold in bags usually labeled "Flor de Jamaica" and have long been available in health food stores in the U.
Jarritos. coli. toward water retention: it is a mild diuretic. "Sorrel jelly" is manufactured in Trinidad. Medicinal uses Many parts of the plant are also claimed to have various medicinal values. In the UK the dried calyces and ready-made sorrel syrup are widely and cheaply available in Caribbean and Asian grocers. Jam and preserves In Nigeria. which has a long shelf-life. hibiscetine and sabdaretine.( See http://www. made from roselle buds and sugar. diabetes and other metabolic syndromes. The dried calyces contain the flavonoids gossypetin. and need to be used soon after purchase – unlike the dried product. They have been used for such purposes ranging from Mexico through Africa and India to Thailand. as well as protocatechuic acid. Phytochemicals The plants are rich in anthocyanins.S. They are very perishable. makes a Flor de Jamaica flavored carbonated beverage. rosella jam has been made since Colonial times and is still sold regularly at community fetes and charity stalls. Hibiscus sabdariffa has shown in vitro antimicrobial activity against E. Roselle is associated with traditional medicine and is reported to be used as treatment for several diseases such as hypertension and urinary tract infections. formerly reported ashibiscin. sabdariffa exhibit activities against atherosclerosis. .com/ ) . In Burma. Depending on the method and the preference.a tea that is high in vitamin C. This drink is particularly good for people who have a tendency. There is currently insufficient evidence to demonstrate any beneficial effect of roselle on raised blood pressure or on blood lipid lowering. It is thus possible to make rosella jam with nothing but rosella buds and sugar. It differs from other jams in that the pectin is obtained from boiling the interior buds of the rosella flowers. The jams. the buds of the roselle are made into 'preserved fruits' or jams. cancer. The fresh calyces are imported mainly during December and January in order to make Christmas and New Year infusions. a popular brand of Mexican soft drinks. temporary or otherwise. Experimental results are contradictory. liver disease. A recent review stated that specific extracts of H. are red and tangy. In addition to being a popular homemade drink. although more acidic. The major pigment. rapidly developing fungal rot. Imported Jarritos can be readily found in the U. which are often made into cocktails with additional rum. It is similar in flavour to plum jam.utirose. the seeds are either removed or included.
Small amounts of myrtillin (delphinidin 3monoglucoside). Thailand invested heavily in roselle production and their product is of superior quality. but now the production has spread more to other states. and delphinidin are also present. the śindicating an sh sound) in the region.000 acres) in 2000. Roselle seeds are a good source of lipid-soluble antioxidants. The world's best roselle comes from the Sudan. The planted acreage was 12. The planted area is now less than 150 ha (400 acres) annually.has been identified as daphniphylline. the fibre (as well as cuttings or butts) from the roselle plant has great demand in various natural fibre using industries. jelly and jam. Tanzania. roselle is becoming increasingly known to the general population as an important pro-health drink in the country. whereas China's product. Chrysanthenin (cyanidin 3-monoglucoside). Most of its fibres are locally consumed. To a small extent. is more reliable and reputable. Production Harvesting roselle planted on bris (sandy) soils in Rhu Tapai. but had steadily increased to peak at 506 ha (1. Terengganu -Sept 02 China and Thailand are the largest producers and control much of the world supply. Mali and Jamaica are also important suppliers but production is mostly used domestically. particularly gamma-tocopherol. but the quantity is low and poor processing hampers quality. Terengganu state used to be the first and the largest producer. Egypt. planted with two main varieties. jimmon rubillos Crop research . Roselle is a relatively new crop to create an industry in Malaysia. Senegal. In the Indian subcontinent (especially in the Ganges Delta region). However.8 ha (30 acres) in 1993. Mexico. roselle is cultivated for vegetable fibres. It was introduced in early 1990s and its commercial planting was first promoted in 1993 by the Department of Agriculture in Terengganu. Despite the dwindling hectarage over the past decade or so. Roselle is called meśta (or meshta. the calyces are also processed into sweet pickle. with more stringent quality control practices.
 The use of induced mutations for its improvement was initiated in 1999 in cooperation with MINT (now called Malaysian Nuclear Agency). Mutation breeding Genetic variation is important for plant breeders to increase its productivity. a mutation breeding programme was initiated to generate new genetic variability. Crop genetic resources & improvement Genetic variation is important for plant breeders to increase the crop productivity. . Being an introduced species in Malaysia. thus. Being an introduced crop species in Malaysia. there is a very limited number of germplasm accessions available for breeding. UKM launched three new varieties named UKMR-1. It was found that outcrossing occurred at a very low rate of about 0. limited research work were conducted by Universiti Malaya (UM) and Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI). At present. there is a limited number of germplasm accessions available for breeding. Furthermore. UKM maintains a working germplasm collection. Natural outcrossing under local conditions A study was conducted to estimate the amount of outcrossing under local conditions in Malaysia. Because of this. and also conducts agronomic research and crop improvement. this rate is much lower in comparison to estimates of natural cross-pollination of between 0.In the initial years. These three new varieties were developed using variety Arab as the parent variety in a mutation breeding programme which started in 2006. UKMR-2 and UKMR3. However. In April 2009. and has produced some promising breeding lines.20% and 0.02%. the amount of research work is still considered meagre in supporting a growing roselle industry in Malaysia. Roselle is a tetraploid species. Research work at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) was initiated in 1999. segregating populations require longer time to achieve fixation as compared to diploid species. conventional hybridization is difficult to carry out in roselle due to its cleistogamous nature of reproduction.68% as reported in Jamaica. In many respect. respectively.
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