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Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures, Feb 2005
Ralph Davis RMSMCBlog Written: 14 August 2012
Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures, Feb 2005
CONTENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. Chechen Rebel Leader Vows To Defeat Russia If Peace Talks Rejected CHECHEN PRESIDENT ORDERS A CEASEFIRE AS AN INVITATION TO RUSSIA TO START PEACE TALKS Web Site: Chechen Rebels Seek Cease-Fire Chechen rebel leader orders ceasefire Web site Chechen Separatist Leader Orders Basayev To Suspend Military Operations Chechen Separatist Leader Reported To Order Ceasefire Chechen Official Says Guerilla Armistice Offer a 'Bluff' Talks with Chechen rebels impossible after Beslan, says Russian general Maskhadov almost ideally outplayed Moscow Shamil Basayev Can Have a Rest in February Chechen Separatist Leader Maskhadov Orders Ceasefire Chechen ceasefire call dismissed Chechnya: Maskhadov Reportedly Orders Cease-Fire REGIONAL OPERATIONAL HQ REFUTES CHECHEN SEPARATIST LEADERS' STATEMENTS Chechen Rebel Commander Order To Halt Military Actions Until 22 Feb Chechen separatist leader said ready for talks with Russia Umar Hanbiyev: «This is a demonstration of good will» The Application of the General Representative of the President of the CRI U. Hanbiev Chechen Rebel Spokesman Expected Negative Reaction to Cease-Fire Leader's Envoy Says Talks With Moscow Not Ruled Out Russian Official Thinks Maskhadov Will Surrender if Basayev Dead Chechens interested in ending war - rebel president's envoy Extremist websites post mutually excluding orders of Maskhadov Russian Expert Says Websites Confirm Serious Discord Among Chechen Rebels Maskhadov announces a cease-fire as Basaev threatens more Beslans Chechen site rejects Russian claims about "information war" Chechen Ceasefire 'Respite' Before New Wave of Terror Chechens Seen Planning Terrorism Despite Maskhadov Cease-Fire Order US TV Companies Eager To Cooperate With Chechen Rebel Agencies Russian officer: no fighting since Chechen rebel cease-fire call publicized
31. Chechen rebel leader appoints negotiator for peace talks with Moscow 32. Chechen rebel leader praises truce 33. Radio Commentary Criticizes Kremlin's Refusal To Talk to Chechen Rebels 34. Ramzan Kadyrov invites Maskhadov to lay down arms 35. Surrender is only solution for rebel leader Maskhadov - Chechen deputy PM 36. Chechen President Says Rebel Leader Maskhadov Has No Real Power 37. Chechnya: Cease-Fire Holding, But Little Chance Of Negotiations Seen 38. BASAYEV KILLED, MASKHADOV PEACEFUL - TOO GOOD TO BE TRUE 39. Dagestani Mujahideen waiting for President Maskhadov's order 40. Chechen Rebel Leader Calls On West To Help End War 41. Chechen rebels in peace plea to Kremlin 42. Chechen President Suggests Subordinating Security Structures to Local Command 43. Chechen rebel leader calls for peace talks 44. Chechen President Calls on Maskhadov To Acknowledge Guilt 45. Russian Politicians Against Talks With Chechen Leader Maskhadov 46. State Duma Deputy Says Maskhadov Depends on International Terrorism 47. Sides Differ on Sincerity of Chechen Rebel Leader's Peace Offer 48. Russia Faces Chechen Cease-Fire Bid 49. Maskhadov Raises Stakes in Chechnya 50. Russian government paper dismisses Chechen rebels' truce offer 51. Chechen rebel in call for peace talks as ceasefire holds 52. Chechen rebels offer to hold talks with Moscow 53. Chechen militants ignore Maskhadov order 54. Chechen separatist leader unable to control rebels - Russian federal source 55. CHECHEN REBELS HAND THE ANTIWAR MOVEMENT AN OLIVE BRANCH AS THE KREMLIN TIGHTENS THE SCREWS 56. Dagestan poised to become major guerilla battlefield this summer 57. Russian pundit says Chechen truce call masks plans for further violence 58. The Application of the President of the Chechen Republic Ichkeria Aslan Mashadov to the Management of Russia and the World Community 59. Russian human rights activists urge Putin to talk to Chechen "moderates" 60. CAN WE BELIEVE MASKHADOV'S INITIATIVES? 61. Calm before the Chechen storm? 62. Activists want Chechen peace talks while Putin wants "objectivity"
Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures, Feb 2005
63. IS IT TOO LATE FOR PEACE TALKS IN CHECHNYA? 64. FUROR OVER CHECHEN PEACE OVERTURES DESIGNED TO FIZZLE 65. Plan to oust Putin by February 2006 over Chechnya, says Russian analyst 66. Aslan Maskhadov Not Believed 67. Basayev and Maskhadov Occupy Television Screens 68. MASKHADOV’S CEASE-FIRE AND THE SITUATION IN CHECHNYA 69. Moscow Continues To Reject Chechen Rebels' Overture 70. Cease-Fire in Chechnya and Talks with Maskhadov are Necessary 71. Maskhadov Unilateral Cease-Fire Order Said Initiated From Abroad 72. The Lubyanka's voluntary helpers 73. Appeal for Peace in Chechnya 74. Application of Ahmed Zakaev 75. Chechen Rebel Envoy Denies Reports of Planned Attack 76. Russian Official Says Pointless To Hold Talks With Chechen Leader Maskhadov 77. AUSHEV CALLS ON MOSCOW TO SIT DOWN FOR TALKS 78. REBELS AND FEDS BATTLE OVER CEASEFIRE 79. «There is no alternative to the Chechen peace initiative» 80. About Reputation 81. Chechen Separatist Leader Outlines Peace Terms in RFE/RL Interview 82. Aslan Maskhadov: 'The Chechen mojahedin will fight to the end in this war' 83. Kavkaz-Center: Maskhadov orders the resistance to suspend attacks 84. Maskhadov almost ideally outplayed Moscow 85. Moscow denounces Maskhadov's ceasefire order 86. Ruslan Aushev: «The War Is Leaving Us Behind» 87. Former Groznyy Commandant Says Guerrillas' Truce Hoax 88. Chechen Rebels Threaten To Resume Actions as Ceasefire Ends 89. WHO ARE THE FIGHTERS FOR INDEPENDENCE OF CHECHNYA 90. Chechen Cease-Fire Expires on Anniversary 91. Maskhadov in control in Chechnya, rebel tells Russian radio 92. Russia: North Caucasus Republics Enter Circle Of Violence 93. Truce as Encore 94. Russian Duma Deputy Says Maskhadov's Statements Calculated for West 95. Ceasefire Order Could Be Extended 96. Umar Khanbiyev: 'The Chechen side is always open for a dialogue with the Kremlin' 97. Do the Russians want war
98. Analysis: Is It Too Late For Peace Talks In Chechnya?
Appendix A. Maskhadov's Kommersant Interview, Feb 2005 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Aslan Maskhadov: An Appeal to the Russian President MASKHADOV FOLLOWS UP CEASEFIRE WITH AN INTERVIEW Hot-Shot Authorities issue warning to newspaper over Chechnya interview Kommersant will be presented with official warning - media supervision service Warning to Kommersant Over Maskhadov Interview Deemed Counterproductive Russian Media Behavior Viewed With New Twist Paper Hopes 'Warning' Over Interview With Terrorist Will Be Dropped Russian media warned against reporting on Chechen rebels Russian Paper Cautioned for Publishing Interview With Chechen Separatist Paper To Be Warned Over Rebel Interview Warning Letter Chief Editor Rejects Charges Cited in Warning Over 7 Feb Maskhadov Interview
Meanwhile. the nationwide direct elections to the highest governing bodies were held on the territory of the sovereign Chechen Republic of Ichkeria on 27 January 1997. The use of force is permitted only in defense against imminent military attacks from the Russian side. President Maskhadov’s order prohibits all offensive military operations for one month. They also noticed the intense activity of voters. But the new executioner of the Chechen people and his bloody team must have known that the ancient Chechen land faced not only "the tsarYermolov option" of the Chechens' genocide in 19th century. as the source.A Web site linked to Chechnya's separatist rebels has reported that top leaders of the insurgency have called for a unilateral ceasefire to be observed in February. in demonstration of the good will of the Chechen side. has exposed the real fascist face of the Kremlin leadership of "democratic" Russia led by the president and KGB agent. Army Gen Aslan Maskhadov The ongoing second Russian-Chechen war. ~4~ . Press Office Web Site: Chechen Rebels Seek CeaseFire Chechen Rebel-Linked Web Site Says Top Insurgent Leaders Call for Unilateral Cease-Fire By JIM HEINTZ The Associated Press Feb. including those from Russia. monitored the preparations and the election campaign in the republic. has ordered to all Chechen Armed Forces to introduce a ceasefire from the 1st February 2005.. [Passage omitted: background of the RussianChechen war] The chairman of the State Defence Committee of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. This time Putin and his colleagues from Lubyanka in the person of [Federal Security Service Director Nikolay] Patrushev. but also the so-called "Soviet-Stalin option" on 23 February 1944 when it was decided on personal orders from the communist tyrant leader to completely resettle all the Chechens in Central Asia and Kazakhstan to die of hunger and cold. to finally solve "the Chechen issue" through .Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. 14 for all offensive actions to be halted in February in Chechnya and bordering areas "as a sign of a display of good will.. 2005 . [Vladimir] Putin.e. signed on order on Jan. CHECHEN PRESIDENT ORDERS A CEASEFIRE AS AN INVITATION TO RUSSIA TO START PEACE TALKS Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Ministry of Foreign Affairs Official Statement 02/02/2005 The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria is proud to announce that President Aslan Maskhadov.[ellipses as published] the genocide of this ethnic group who are one of indigenous inhabitants in the Caucasus. the Chechen state intends to end in victory this aggressive and invasive war unleashed against the Chechen people by the Kremlin. It is also an invitation to the international community to help Russia and Chechnya to come to the negotiating table. If Russia denies a peaceful solution to bilateral relations. As a result. [Interior Minister Rashid] Nurgaliyev and others will fail to repeat dreadful experiments of bloodthirsty killers Yermolov and Stalin since the Chechen Armed Forces are combat-capable as never before. The decision to introduce the ceasefire is intended to demonstrate to the Russian side and the international community the will of the Chechen leadership to resolve the RussianChechen conflict by peaceful means. who was president of Chechnya in its period of de-facto independence in the late 1990s. another Chechen warlord. [Russian Security Council secretary Igor] Ivanov. Representatives of influential international organizations and independent experts from 30 countries. The Kavkaz Tstentr site said Wednesday that Aslan Maskhadov. They witnessed that the elections passed off peacefully. the senior military and political leadership of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria is ready for the peace talks with the Russian leadership in order to avoid the future pointless victims of extending bloody conflict called "the Russian-Chechen war". 2. [19th century general famous for subduing Chechnya] Gen Yermolov. President Maskhadov’s order is an invitation to Russia to open genuine peace talks. Feb 2005 Chechen Rebel Leader Vows To Defeat Russia If Peace Talks Rejected (Internet) Kavkaz-Tsentr News Agency WWWText in Russian 0607 GMT 27 Jan 05 [Excerpt] 27 January: For the second time in the history of the Chechen state. the country's president and parliament were elected. which will turn up six years soon." It cited an unnamed aide to Shamil Basayev. The latter has set himself a savage task in the style of a notorious executioner of mountain peoples. i. fairly and democratically.
Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures, Feb 2005
The report also said that Basayev had issued an order that all rebels under his command halt offensive actions in Chechnya and all of Russia until Feb. 22. It was not immediately clear why the two rebel leaders would issue similar-but-different instructions, but Maskhadov is believed to command a relatively small portion of Chechen separatist fighters. Basayev, who leads a group called the Riyadus Salikhin Martyrs' Brigade, has claimed responsibility for some of Russia's most shocking terrorist acts, including last year's seizure of more than 1,000 hostages at a school in the town of Beslan, which ended with the deaths of more than 330 people, and for well-coordinated attacks on police facilities in June in the republic of Ingushetia, which borders Chechnya. The Web site published what it said was a text of his order, which included a ban on "all forms of diversionary actions," but it was not clear if that included terrorist-type attacks. There was no way to immediately confirm the authenticity of the statements. Telephone calls to the North Caucasus Military District, which oversees Russian forces' activities in Chechnya, were not answered early Thursday. Chechnya has been shattered by two separatist conflicts over the past decade. The first 20month war ended in 1996 with the withdrawal of Russian troops after rebels fought them to a standstill. That was followed by a period of defacto independence, during which Maskhadov was elected Chechen president, in which law an order and economic conditions deteriorated precipitously. In 1999, after Chechnya-based rebels made an incursion into neighboring Dagestan, Russian forces returned to Chechnya, taking firm control of the northern part of the republic. The Kremlin has firmly rejected international calls for Russia to negotiate with the Chechen rebels. Chechen rebel leader orders ceasefire Web site By Tom Miles MOSCOW, Feb 2, 2005 (Reuters) - Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov has ordered all Chechen fighters to observe a ceasefire in their separatist war against Russian troops in February, a rebel Web site reported on Wednesday.
Site www.kavkazcenter.com published a statement from Shamil Basayev, Russia's most wanted man and the organiser of last year's Beslan hostage-taking, which ordered all fighters to refrain from any offensive operations until Feb. 22. But Basayev was quoted by The Times newspaper in London as saying he still considered Russian citizens fair targets for future fighting. The newspaper also quoted him as saying in a Channel 4 television interview to be broadcast later on Thursday that there were plans for more operations of the kind that killed more than 330 people at the hostage-taking at the school in Belsan. Basayev's statement on the Web site said Maskhadov had ordered his followers not to carry out diversionary attacks in Chechnya or in the rest of Russia, attacks on Russian bases, Russian convoys or vehicles, or on "traitors or unbelievers". Kremlin officials were not immediately available to comment on the report of the ceasefire. The statement said fighters should "continue mining approaches to their bases and to continue operations to destroy people or machinery of the enemy forces who are spying or attacking mountainous forested areas". The Web site said Maskhadov gave the order on Jan. 14 as a gesture of goodwill but did not elaborate. Several of his relatives have been kidnapped in the last two months, but it was unclear if their disappearances were linked to the ceasefire. NO REACTION "We do not react to Kavkazcenter. This is not an official organ," said a spokesman for Dmitry Kozak, Russian President Vladimir Putin's representative in the North Caucasus region. Putin sent troops to Chechnya as prime minister in a popular move which helped propel him to the presidency in 2000. Although the ceasefire was addressed to all units of the "Armed Forces of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria", Maskhadov and Basayev are not thought to control all militants in the region, which includes restive provinces neighbouring Chechnya. "We are planning more Beslan-type operations in the future because we are forced to do so," The
Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures, Feb 2005
Times quoted Basayev as telling Channel 4. Wearing a black T-shirt with "Anti-Terror" written in white Cyrillic lettering, Basayev said the Russian people were targets because of their support for Putin. "People who approve of Putin's policies, people who pay their taxes for this war, people who send their soldiers to this war, priests who sprinkle holy water on them ... How can they be innocent?" The rebel leadership has fragmented many times during a decade of war in Chechnya. Maskhadov and Basayev have themselves clashed in the past, including over the Beslan hostage crisis, for which Maskhadov promised to put Basayev on trial. Maskhadov has denied any link with the Beslan attack in September, when more than 330 people died during an attempt to free hostages held at a school by Chechen rebels. But Russia has put a $10 million bounty on both him and Basayev and say the two worked hand-in-glove to mastermind the bloody operation. Maskhadov was elected president of a de facto independent Chechnya in 1997 and has, like Basayev, been on the run since Russian forces swept back into the region two years later. Putin calls Maskhadov a terrorist, but the Chechen leader is seen as a relative moderate among separatists and many commentators see him as Moscow's only possible negotiating partner if it decided to return to negotiations. (Additional reporting by Oliver Bullough) Chechen Separatist Leader Orders Basayev To Suspend Military Operations (Internet) Kavkaz-Tsentr News Agency WWWText in Russian 1745 GMT 02 Feb 05 [Text] 2 February: Kavkaz-Tsentr has learnt from the assistant to Chechen [rebel] commander Shamil Basayev that the president of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and amir of the State Defence Committee - Majlis-ul-Shura, Aslan Maskhadov, has ordered that all units of the Armed Forces of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria unilaterally suspend their offensive operations on the entire territory of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and outside it in February. The order was signed on 14 January 2005. The order says that the move is being taken as a manifestation of goodwill. Shamil Basayev's assistant also said that in order to implement the order, Abdullah Shamil AbuIdris [Shamil Basayev] ordered the units
subordinated to him to stop offensive operations on the entire territory of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and on the entire territory of Russia until 22 February. Kavkaz-Tsentr will publish more detailed information about this in the coming hours. Chechen Separatist Leader Reported To Order Ceasefire By Eric Helque MOSCOW, Feb 3, 2005 (AFP) -- Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov has ordered all rebel fighters to observe a ceasefire in their fight against Russian forces, on the breakaway republic's territory as well as beyond its borders, a separatist web site reported early Thursday. The ceasefire is valid for the month of February and was ordered as a sign of good will, the kavakazcenter.com web site said, quoting an aide to radical Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev. Basayev, Russia's most wanted man who last year claimed responsibility for the deadly Beslan school hostage taking, has said he will obey Maskhadov and has ordered units under his command to stop all offensive operations, the web site reported. "I order all Modzhahedins on the whole territory of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (the separatists' name for Chechnya) and Russia to end all offensive military actions for the month of February," Basayev wrote in a statement quoted by kavkazcenter.com. However, that order was only valid until February 22, Basayev added. While kavkazcenter.com reported Maskhadov's order early Thursday, it said the separatist leader had signed it on January 14. Kavkaz center.com's report could not immediately be confirmed and no comments were immediately available. The International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights last month sent an open letter to Russian President Vladimir Putin condemning the reported kidnapping of several of Maskhadov's relatives. At least eight members of Mashkadov's family were abducted by security agents of Chechnya's pro-Russian administration in a bid to make him give up the armed separatist struggle against Moscow, the rights group said. The list of Maskhadov's abducted relatives
Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures, Feb 2005
included the Chechen leader's sister and two brothers, a niece and nephew and his son-in-law as well two other relatives, one of whom is handicapped, the Helsinki Federation said. Maskhadov, elected Chechen president in 1997, originally with the Kremlin's blessing, has since then had a 10 million dollar (7.7 million euro) bounty placed on his head by the Russian authorities, along with Basayev. Russian troops poured into breakaway Chechnya in October 1999, more than five years ago, in what was presented as a "lightning anti-terrorist operation." But a festering guerrilla conflict has continued to claim daily lives. The Russian offensive reignited a conflict that had ravaged Chechnya from late 1994 to 1996. The official Russian death toll for the second conflict was reported late last year at around 4,500 troops. However, a committee of soldiers' mothers estimates the true toll may be three times higher because the Moscow figure does not include people who died of their wounds in hospitals outside Chechnya. The rebel and civilian tolls remain unreported. The war has spilled well beyond Chechnya's borders, threatening to destabilize the whole North Caucasus region. It has also reached as far as Moscow, where radical Chechen separatists have carried out a string of deadly attacks, including suicide bombings and a massive hostage taking in one of the Russian capital's theaters. Chechen Official Says Guerilla Armistice Offer a 'Bluff' MOSCOW. Feb 3, 2005 (Interfax-AVN) - The Chechen leadership has rejected reports alleging that guerilla leaders have issued an order to suspend attacks in February. "This is nothing but a bluff, a provocation and a desire to remind everybody about themselves. It is also a desire to claim the guerillas have a single command center controlled by Maskhadov and Basayev," Chechen State Council Chairman Taus Dzhabrailov told Interfax from Grozny on Thursday. A number of media outlets reported on Thursday, citing a Chechen separatist website, that guerilla leaders had issued an order to suspending combat activities in February. They
said that Aslan Maskhadov had given an order to suspend hostilities throughout February, while an similar order by Shamil Basayev said fighting should be suspended until February 22. "Did they explain what these orders are related to? The upcoming Defenders of the Fatherland Day on February 23, or the tragic anniversary of the deportation of the Chechen people? Or is it related to the disappearance of Maskhadov's relatives, and so he decided to send information that he is a peacemaker and wants to suspend armed actions?" Dzhabrailov said. He suggested that Basayev is in fact not controlled by Maskhadov. "Basayev or other guerillas remember about Maskhadov when they need to and they use him for their own ends. Maskhadov has never had any influence on Basayev. No orders or instructions by Maskhadov have had any weight or significance for Basayev," he said. Intelligence information indicates that the core of the illegal armed groups settled in the Chechen mountains are foreign mercenaries, Dzhabrailov said. "There are from 300 to 400 of them, and all these riff-raff come from Arab and some European countries. The mercenaries are financed through foreign sponsors," he said. "Therefore, Maskhadov can issue an order only to himself and Basayev to his retinue and bodyguards - the small group he leads," Dzhabrailov said. "Maskhadov and his retinue are the first to blame for the crisis in which the Chechen republic has found itself," he said. Most Chechens reject the guerillas and hope the republic and its economy stabilizes soon, Dzhabrailov said. Talks with Chechen rebels impossible after Beslan, says Russian general BBC Monitoring Service - United Kingdom; Feb 03, 2005 Text of report in English by Russian news agency Interfax-AVN web site Moscow, 3 February: Any truce negotiations with Chechen warlords Shamil Basayev and Aslan Maskhadov are impossible following the Beslan tragedy, Col-Gen Vladimir Bulgakov, Russian Ground Forces deputy commander-in-chief, told Interfax-Military News Agency on Thursday [3 February]. "The so-called truce in Chechnya announced by
he makes protestations about his love of peace and his readiness to talk. 2005.2005 President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Aslan Maskhadov ordered to unilaterally stop all forms of military activity of an offensive character. in English 0934 gmt 3 Feb 05 Maskhadov almost ideally outplayed Moscow Chechen Times ." the general stressed. Anyway. such order unambiguously shows that the armed units of the Resistance aren’t “fragmented groups”. this situation will enable Moscow to press standard charges against Maskhadov saying either he “personally gives orders to terrorists. since Umar Khanbiyev." he said. "I do not rule out that this statement of the separatists is directly linked to the abduction of family members of Maskhadov.” And in this respect we can say that Maskhadov almost ideally outplayed Moscow. True. it has nothing to do with an intention to stop the bloodshed. "I have just come back from Chechnya and I can assure you that our motorcades [convoys] and checkpoints daily come under fire and terrorist acts go on. the methods of which he does not like and are even forbidden for the Ichkerian armed forces and prosecuted. Feb 2005 Maskhadov and Basayev is nothing but a bluff and another attempt to present themselves to the international public as advocates of a peace settlement in Chechnya. He described this step from the Chechen side a demonstration of good will and an invitation to the Russian side to end the war at the table of political negotiations." he said. Truce negotiations with Maskhadov and Basayev are possible only if they unconditionally terminate terrorist activities and surrender to the police. social and ecological plight. The second – if military actions will continue.] Source: Interfax-AVN military news agency web site. “Almost” – is because he has repeatedly said that in the Chechen Resistance there are groups which he cannot control. Besides.02. Nonetheless. but wellguided armed formations.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. added: "I know from the first Chechen war that Maskhadov is a wolf in sheep's clothing. which came at 0858 gmt. which in fact admits that “the Chechen Republic is in the conditions of a special economic. according to Khanbiyev. demonstrating his aspirations for peace. and first of all because of the scheduled PACE’s “round table” on “the Chechen problem” which is to help Moscow stop any mentioning of related military activities. repeatedly voicing its aspirations for a dialog. Clearly.3.” Today Moscow is not interested in a possible deterioration of the situation in Chechnya. and gives Russian military a serious matter for reflection. there are no grounds to doubts its existence. ~8~ . whilst at the same time trying to use the breathing space for a regrouping of his forces. subordinated to the commander-in-chief and controlled by him. because it is ready neither to discuss peace speaking the language of “good will” nor the language of “latent threats. the armed forces of the Chechen Resistance halt all forms of military activity – both on the territory of Chechnya and Russia." the general said. [The Russian version of this item. When he is pinned to the wall. Now everything says that the date when the truce offered by the Chechen side ends was chosen not accidentally and in fact “the demonstration of good will” contains an unambiguous hint to the Russian side. the Chechen side looks much more convincing and Maskhadov’s latest order – is a bright evidence of that. Moscow’s reaction can easily be foreseen: it is likely to ignore the offer. In accordance with the order.” Most probably. the Kremlin will increase the intensity of military actions and reppressions in Chechnya – with a maniacal stubbornness it still considers any idea of negotiations only “a trick of rebel fighters searching a possible respite. he said. Moscow. but that is an achievement of our troopers and Chechen policemen. The unilateral truce is valid until February 22. Russian military analysts have always linked this date to a possible increase in military activity of the Resistance.” or “has no influence on rebel fighters." he said. The same goal is pursued by “The agreement on delimitation of powers” between Russia and Chechnya. the militants are not as active as before. Bulgakov thinks the truce statement may be related to the abduction of Maskhadov family members in December 2004. As a rule.” The first is possible only if the Chechen side observes the truce. almost immediately commented on it. "We cannot believe Maskhadov and Basayev at all. 2005. which act on their own. The corresponding document was signed on January 14. General Envoy to the President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria to Foreign Countries. genocide and instability. February 23 – is another anniversary of the Stalin deportation of Chechens. but has not been published until recently. However. but their “prognoses” have never come up to expectations.
while Kadyrov – was the President of the Chechen Republic. This is not an official organ. The newspaper also quoted him as saying in a Channel 4 television interview to be broadcast later in the UK on Thursday that there were plans for more operations of the kind that killed more than 330 people at the hostage-taking at the school in Belsan. “But most likely. said Ruslan Kasaev. Then Maskhadov attributed such acts to the gangs out of his control. in a move of good will. The Web site said Maskhadov gave the order on Jan. The statement said fighters should “continue mining approaches to their bases and to continue operations to destroy people or machinery of the enemy forces who are spying or attacking mountainous forested areas”. Maskhadov can call himself the president neither morally. directs to unilaterally suspend offensive military operations in Chechnya and outside its borders for the whole February. If the order expires on February 22.” traditionally “forgetting” that the Chechen Resistance has never considered him or his predecessor as a negotiating side.” And only this phrase absolutely clearly shows that in Chechnya Russia is struggling not against “international terrorism” but the Chechens’ legitimate aspirations for Independence. By this action. “Who will believe Basayev is subordinate to Maskhadov?” Taus Jabrailov. which commands ceasefire till February 22. told Kommersant that unilateral suspension of military operations has been long discussed with the European policy makers. Chechen Separatist Leader Maskhadov Orders Ceasefire MosNews Created: 03. told Kommersant. Chechnya manifests its hope for peaceful settlement of the conflict. At least 6 offices were killed and 17 people wounded in Chechnya over the last two days. 2005. nor legally. Aslan Maskhadov made similar order in April of 2000. the militants refrained from large-scale operations. 22. Basayev’s statement on the Web site said Maskhadov had ordered his followers not to carry out diversionary attacks in Chechnya or in the rest of Russia. Russian President Vladimir Putin’s representative in the North Caucasus region. Several of his relatives have been kidnapped in the last two months.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. “The sole aim of the order is to trigger interest to his person. But Basayev was quoted by The Times in London as saying he still considered Russian citizens fair targets for future fighting. which ordered all fighters to refrain from any offensive operations until Feb.” said Jabrailov. though the acts of terror continued. but he was the President of Ichkeria.m. 14 as a gesture of goodwill but did not elaborate. 2005 Chechen rebels’ web-site Kavkaz-Center announced yesterday Aslan Maskhadov ordered militants to temporarily cease operations. “We do not react to Kavkazcenter. Maskhadov and Basayev are only bluffing. it posted similar ruling of another topranked militant Shamil Basayev. Russian convoys or vehicles.com published a statement from Shamil Basayev. general representative of Ichkeria. We see it from the following statement: “We do not deny that Maskhadov was publicly elected. it seems Alkhanov has certain doubts about his own legitimacy. Kremlin officials were not immediately available to comment on the report of the ceasefire. issued on January 14. a rebel Web site reports. Shamil Basayev Can Have a Rest in February KOMMERSANT Daily. saying — as usual – he is not going “to conduct talks with Maskhadov. Though Kavkaz-Center couldn’t provide the exact wording. At that time.” said a spokesman for Dmitry Kozak. as no document was actually available. www. The document. Umar Khambiev. chairman of the State Council of Chechnya. large-scale acts of terror are expected from February 23. FEBRUARY 03. Maskhadov’s order was announced around 10:00 p. Wednesday.2005 Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov has ordered all Chechen fighters to observe a ceasefire in their separatist war against Russian troops in February.02. Feb 2005 “President” Alkhanov has also commented on this order. but it was unclear if their disappearances were linked to the ceasefire. attacks on Russian bases. Now the gangs also appear to go on with military operations. senior official of Chechnya’s Ministry of Internal Affairs. Besides. Russia’s most wanted man and the organiser of last year’s Beslan hostagetaking. Moscow has put millions of dollars on the heads ~9~ .” Kasaev said. or on “traitors or unbelievers”.kavkazcenter..
" a spokesman quoted pro-Moscow Chechen President Alu Alkhanov as saying on Thursday. Reuters reports.chechenpress. Maskhadov has denied any link with the Beslan attack in September.Chechnya's Russianbacked government has dismissed a rebel ceasefire declaration. This is just another attempt to draw attention to themselves. has frequently appealed for talks." said a statement on Maskhadov's Web site. a security analyst from the Carnegie Centre. "By this step the president has shown the world that the Chechen Republic's armed forces are ~ 10 ~ . for which Maskhadov promised to put Basayev on trial. Wearing a black T-shirt with “Anti-Terror” written in white Cyrillic lettering. but the Chechen leader is seen as a relative moderate among separatists and many commentators see him as Moscow’s only possible negotiating partner if it decided to return to negotiations. 2005 MOSCOW (Reuters) . been on the run since Russian forces swept back into the region two years later. which includes restive provinces neighbouring Chechnya. PUBLIC ENEMY NUMBER ONE Maskhadov. "This is a demonstration of good will and an invitation to the Russian side to end this war at the negotiating table. saying it was a publicity stunt that could not be trusted. Chechen ceasefire call dismissed By Oliver Bullough Thu Feb 3. "There are people around Putin who are suggesting it is time to end the Chechen war. "The Chechen government is open to any attempt to bring peace to our people. but Moscow has insisted he has little control over rebel forces. These have graphically shown how brittle Russian control has become in the 10 years since the start of a war that has killed 20. But analysts said he might be more open to peace overtures after fierce battles in three regions outside Chechnya in the last month. Basayev said the Russian people were targets because of their support for Putin. “We are planning more Beslan-type operations in the future because we are forced to do so.” The Times quoted Basayev as telling Channel 4. Russia's mostwanted man. Maskhadov and Basayev are not thought to control all militants in the region. when more than 330 people died during an attempt to free hostages held at a school by Chechen rebels. including the hostage-taking in Beslan in which more than 330 civilians. people who pay their taxes for this war. died. “People who approve of Putin’s policies. Maskhadov and Basayev have themselves clashed in the past. The latest offer appeared more significant as it also carried the name of Basayev. But Russia has put a $10 million bounty on both him and Basayev and say the two worked hand-in-glove to mastermind the bloody operation. people who send their soldiers to this war. Feb 2005 of both Maskhadov and Basayev. including over the Beslan hostage crisis. Maskhadov was elected president of a de facto independent Chechnya in 1997 and has. priests who sprinkle holy water on them .. How can they be innocent?” The rebel leadership has fragmented many times during a decade of war in Chechnya. "Maskhadov and Basayev could see this is a favourable time for such an approach." said Alexei Malashenko. But analysts said the offer from rebel leaders Aslan Maskhadov and Shamil Basayev suggested they were responding to an increasingly strong desire in faraway Moscow to end a war that has started to infect much of the North Caucasus. "But as regards Maskhadov and Basayev. Basayev ordered most of the bloodiest rebel attacks. they have never fulfilled the responsibilities they have adopted. who led Chechnya during a threeyear truce period until 1999..000 Russian troops and tens of thousands of civilians.info." He also said he expected Chechen's pro-Moscow officials to try to undermine any talks that threatened their power. Putin calls Maskhadov a terrorist." Kremlin officials did not comment. half of them children. www. Russian President Vladimir Putin has consistently rejected suggestions of holding peace talks with people he calls terrorists. like Basayev. Although the ceasefire was addressed to all units of the “Armed Forces of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria”.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures.
Chechnya: Maskhadov Reportedly Orders Cease-Fire By Valentinas Mite Chechen separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov has allegedly ordered Chechen fighters to temporarily halt all offensive operations in the republic. Prague. Some analysts suggested Maskhadov's declaration could be a response to the disappearance of eight members of his close family.kavkazcenter. The statement also cited the separatist leader as calling on the Kremlin to open negotiations for a peaceful settlement to the war in Chechnya." The Chechen prosecutor-general this week announced that an investigation has been opened into the abductions. spokesman for the Russian forces in the North Caucasus. related to the abduction of Maskhadov's relatives.A proseparatist website has posted a statement saying Aslan Maskhadov signed the cease-fire order on 14 January. in which more than 320 people were killed after rebels stormed a school and took children. in a way. Russia's NTV television station on Monday (Jan 31) cited Chechen Prosecutor Vladimir Kravchenko as saying members of the federal forces are also responsible for 10 percent of all abductions in Chechnya.may have been behind the kidnappings. the autonomous republic bordering Chechnya. said he had noticed no change in the level of rebel attacks since the ceasefire was ordered. But the kavkazcenter. as well. this is just an attempt to fool people in the West." Akbulatov said. and that the apparent collusion between the moderate separatist and the far more radical Basayev may show the Chechen resistance is more unified than previously believed.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. and maybe it somehow influenced the cease-fire.com website has published a series of recent photographs showing the two men sitting together and appearing to discuss military strategy against federal troops. Feb 2005 not dispersed groups. who rights groups say have been kidnapped by pro-Moscow Chechen groups to put pressure on him. Memorial has speculated a Chechen police force led by Ramzan Kadyrov -the son of the former pro-Moscow President Akhmad Kadyrov. But Akbulatov said the cease-fire offer does n-o-t reflect badly on Maskhadov.at least. We don't know.Maskhadov and his people. but following the orders of a Supreme Commander . Akbulatov said he travels often to Chechnya and that people there are desperate for the war to end and will welcome the cease-fire call.. traditionally a day of mourning and anger in Chechnya. who was slain last May -. The site -. the ordinary people. Chechnya's Russian-backed government has dismissed the report. We can only guess. A separate statement from Basayev said the ceasefire would last until February 22. It is unclear what kind of impact the cease-fire order will have. 3 February 2005 (RFE/RL) -.. It is accompanied by an order from warlord Shamil Basayev for pro-Chechen fighters to "end all offensive military actions" until 22 February. is a gesture of goodwill." But Ilya Shabalkin. "In the beginning of December. Basayev has claimed responsibility for many terrorist attacks carried out in Russia in recent years. But he admits the recent kidnapping of a number of the separatist leader's family members might have something to do with it. as Moscow wants to depict us. ~ 11 ~ . and Chechens on the whole. or whether the recent kidnappings forced Maskhadov to make a conciliatory gesture toward the Russians. including last September's Beslan hostage siege. Sahman Akbulatov represents Russia's Memorial human rights center in Ingushetia. calling it a publicity stunt that cannot be trusted. Only a strong force could take such a step.com -. Maskhadov condemned the Beslan siege and has said Basayev should face trial for his role in the hostage taking. "Everybody is tired of this war -." Akbulatov said today. Maybe it is." he said. "They are continuing their crimes every day. "I don't know. "Probably Russians don't need this war either -. A statement by Maskhadov published on a Chechen website says the cease-fire." He said frustration with the nearly 6-year-old war may be one reason behind Maskhadov's alleged cease-fire. due to last through 22 February. the eve of the anniversary of the Soviet-era deportation of the Chechen people to Central Asia in 1944. eight of Maskhadov's relatives were kidnapped. teachers and parents hostage.published the statement on the night of 2 February.
Majlis-ul-Shura. is likely to continue. amir of the Islamic Brigade of Shakhids [martyrs] Riyad us-Saliheen [Gardens of the Righteous]. and that he plans to stage further such attacks. Aslan Maskhadov." Koktysh said. Officials at the Regional Operational HQ are sure that "such internet resources are used to wage informational war against Russia".The Regional Operational HQ for the Anti-Terror Operation in the North Caucasus have refuted allegations by Aslan Maskhadov and Shamil Basayev posted on the internet sites of Chechen separatists.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Feb 2005 The British daily "The Times" on 2 February quoted Basaev as saying he still considers attacks on Russian civilian targets. 2005 (RIA Novosti) . Chechen Rebel Commander Order To Halt Military Actions Until 22 Feb (Internet) Kavkaz-Tsentr News Agency WWWText in Russian 0300 GMT 03 Feb 05 [Excerpt] Chechen rebel commander Shamil Basayev has ordered units under his command to suspend military operations in Chechnya and elsewhere in Russia until 22 February." the HQ's statement points out. "For the military component of the decisionmaking system. Opening negotiations would be seen as a sign of weakness on Russia's part and would contradict Russian President Vladimir Putin's unyielding stance on the breakaway republic. he said. Basayev's assistant reported that under orders from President Maskhadov. REGIONAL OPERATIONAL HQ REFUTES CHECHEN SEPARATIST LEADERS' STATEMENTS GROZNY. the statements were written by Movladi Udugov. The Kremlin. saying it is not an "official" source of information. who seek to spread the propaganda of terrorism and extremism". "And Putin has too often said that Maskhadov doesn't represent anyone. chief ideologist of Chechen separatists and their accessories." the HQ's message reads. or even three. And. In its statement the HQ refers to the law On Combat against Terrorism and calls on mass media "not to believe ideologists of international terrorist organizations. which has firmly rejected calls to open negotiations with Chechen rebels. subheadings have been inserted editorially: 3 February: Kavkaz-Tsentr has learnt from the assistant to Chechen [rebel] commander Shamil Basayev that the president of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and amir of the State Defense Committee . The following is an excerpt from a report by Kavkaz-Tsentr news agency web site. Kavkaz-Tsentr said that it had not yet received a copy of Maskhadov's order. Kirill Koktysh of the Moscow Institute of International Relations said the Kremlin will probably continue to be silent. February 3. as a justifiable response to Russia's military actions in Chechnya. the rebel web site Kavkaz-Tsentr reported on 3 February. The Kavkaz-Center and Chechenpress internet sites carried allegations earlier that Maskhadov and Basayev had ordered cease-fire in Chechnya and the rest of Russia's territory until February 22 as an act of good will. The order says that the move is being made as a gesture of good will. so to speak. Abdallah Shamil AbuIdris [Shamil Basayev] has ordered units subordinate to him to stop offensive operations on the entire territory of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and on the entire territory of Russia ~ 12 ~ . The order came after a Kavkaz-Tsentr report on 2 February saying that Chechen rebel President Aslan Maskhadov had signed an order on 14 January calling for the suspension of all military operations in Chechnya and Russia in February." Koktysh said there is no reason to expect Putin will respond to the cease-fire. has dismissed the kavkazcenter. "All references to the leaders of Chechen terrorist groups are false. to be honest.com statement.it is too late. "Any kind of information about Basayev and Maskhadov is placed on these sites to popularize them and induce other mass media to circulate false ideas about extremist leaders' activity. The order was signed on 14 January 2005. has ordered all units of the armed forces of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria [CRI] to unilaterally suspend offensive operations across the territory of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and beyond in February. A spokesman for Chechnya's Russian-backed government today quoted President Alu Alkanov as saying the statement is little more than a publicity stunt. Maskhadov really only represents himself and a small group of close supporters and not Chechens as a whole. to turn back. this would be a loss of face -. for the last two years. that has been absolutely true. The deadlock in Chechnya. In this connection the Regional Operational HQ refuses to comment on materials periodically placed on the separatists' sites. such as the Beslan hostage crisis.
his family. 2005 Excerpt from report by Russian Ekho Moskvy radio on 3 February [Chechen separatist leader] Aslan Maskhadov's ~ 13 ~ . Kavkaz-Tsentr still does not have the text of the order of the commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and the president of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. The order is valid until 22 February 2005. only a strong side is capable of taking such a step. followers and all those who follow the straight path to the Day of Judgment! And thereafter. The Chechen side has long been discussing the idea of a unilateral suspension of the offensive military operations. Abdallakh Shamil Abu-Idris. Shooting at enemy aircraft outside mountains and forests and while in the mountains .United Kingdom. the CRI president announced to the world that the CRI armed forces are not uncoordinated groupings. Aslan Maskhadov. Aslan Maskhadov. Blowing up and attacking enemy convoys and individual vehicles moving along main roads between the sites of their deployment. "The Chechen side is capable of demonstrating goodwill and therefore temporarily and unilaterally suspends all active offensive military operations. Umar Khanbiyev. Attacks and firing on the sites of the deployment of the Russian occupation troops and their puppet structures. The text of the document follows: Peace be upon Allah. Feb 03. I order all the units subordinate to me: All the mojahedin on the territory of the CRI and Rusnya [Russia] to suspend all types of offensive military operations in February. [Passage omitted: Koranic verses] The amir of the Islamic brigade of martyrs Riyad us-Saliheen [Gardens of the Righteous].Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. as Moscow would like to portray us. Aslan Maskhadov. on 14 January 2005 on the unilateral suspension. Blowing up and attacking infidels and munafiqs [hypocrites] in their places of residence and during their movement in villages and on main roads. C-in-C of the CRI armed forces and head of the CRI State Defense Committee. on 14 January 2005 on the unilateral suspension by the mojahedin. But Kavkaz-Tsentr has managed to obtain the text of Basayev's order to units under his command both on the territory of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and on the territory of Russia. as a sign of good will. of all types of offensive military operations in February. "We hope for a similar measure on the part of Russia and hope that Russia will show political will to put an end to this protracted and bloody war. Feb 2005 until 22 February. the God of Worlds who created us Muslims and did a great favor of jihad on His straight way! Peace and blessings to the Prophet Muhammad. "By taking this step. "The Chechen side has temporarily and unilaterally stopped the war. Maskhadov's envoy plea This is how the general representative of the CRI president in foreign countries. including: All types of sabotage acts on the territory of CRI and Rusnya. Undoubtedly.those flying over main roads. has commented on the suspension of the military operations by the Chechen armed forces. [Passage omitted: passages from the Koran and hadith] Order Executing the order of the president of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. All mojahedin to continue mining entries to their own bases and to continue military operations to destroy the personnel and equipment of the enemy troops conducting reconnaissance or other military operations in mountains and forests. of all types of offensive military operations is a sign of good will and an invitation to Russia to end the war at the negotiating table. as a sign of good will. The order by the CRI president. but are the CRI armed forces subordinate to the commander-in-chief and controlled by him." The operational information department of Kavkaz-Tsentr Chechen separatist leader said ready for talks with Russia BBC Monitoring Service .
Without a doubt. has confirmed to our radio station that Chechen separatist leaders have given an order to suspend subversive and military operations in and outside Chechnya as a whole. the unilateral order to halt all forms of military activity of an offensive character is a demonstration of good will and an invitation to the Russian side to end the war at the table of political negotiations. The legitimate president of the Chechen republic of Ichkeria is ready for negotiations with a side in the military conflict. but the Armed Forces of the CRI under the Commander-in-chief and controlled by him. President Maskhadov’s order prohibits all offensive military operations for one month. Usman Ferzauli. [Usman Ferzauli] In fact. peace and so on. The idea about the unilateral suspension of military operations has been discussed by the Chechen party for a long time. Supreme Commander-in-chief of the ChRI Armed Forces. The order of the President of the CRI. We hope for the presence of political will and for an adequate step by the Russian side in order to put an end to this long and bloody war. the Commander-in-chief of the Military Forces of the CRI. The idea of a unilateral stop of offensive military operations was discussed by the Chechen side a long time ago. as he says. 14. Feb 2005 envoy in the Nordic countries. The Chechen party is capable of a step of good will and consequently stops for a while active offensive operations unilaterally. has ordered to all Chechen Armed Forces to introduce a ceasefire from the 1st February 2005. will have the desired consequences for both sides.02. chairman of the ChRI State Defense Committee A. there was an order from the commander-in-chief. The Application of the General Representative of the President of the CRI U. [Passage omitted] Source: Ekho Moskvy radio. 04.05 The Chechen party unilaterally has stopped the war for a while. if they are started with the legitimate authorities of the Chechen republic of Ichkeria. like they want to describe us in Moscow. Moscow. The order of 14 January by the President of the ChRI." **** “The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria is proud to announce that President Aslan Maskhadov. It is also an invitation to the international community to help Russia and Chechnya to come to the negotiating table”. He is more than confident that peaceful initiatives. [Presenter] At the same time Ferzauli has denied that the order for a cease-fire is somehow related to the abduction of Aslan Maskhadov's relatives in December. the Russian Federation.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. President Maskhadov’s order is an invitation to Russia to open genuine peace talks. is to show a manifestation of good will. the President of the ChRI declared to the world that the Armed Forces of the ChRI aren't fragmented groups. unconditionally. is a demonstration of good will and the invitation to the Russian party to finish the war at the table of political negotiation. only a strong side is capable of such a step. which are a compromise. The strength. is capable of such step only. not only in Chechnya. Hanbiev The department of the governmental information Chechenpress. subordinated to the Commander-inchief and controlled by him. ~ 14 ~ . the head of the State Defense Committee A. as they want to present us in Moscow. The President of the CRI has declared to the world with this step. The Chechen side is capable of a step of good will and therefore it unilaterally halts active offensive military operations for a period. The use of force is permitted only in defense against imminent military attacks from the Russian side. in Russian 1000 gmt 3 Feb 05 Umar Hanbiyev: «This is a demonstration of good will» Kavkaz Center 2005-02-03 17:14:48 General Envoy of the President of the ChRI to Foreign Countries Umar Hanbiyev commented the news about the stop of offensive military operations by the Chechen Armed Forces as follows: "The Chechen side has halted the war unilaterally for a period. By this step. following which [Shamil] Basayev also ordered that subunits of his battalion should suspend combat operations. The decision to introduce the ceasefire is intended to demonstrate to the Russian side and the international community the will of the Chechen leadership to resolve the RussianChechen conflict by peaceful means. Mashadov of January. but the Armed Forces of the ChRI. in demonstration of the good will of the Chechen side. 2005 about stopping unilaterally by the Armed forces of the CRI all kinds of operations of military character. Maskhadov about a stop (of operations) by the Armed Forces of the ChRI. that the Armed Forces of the CRI are not isolated groupings. but also in Russia.
we did not expect any other reaction. unlike Maskhadov's. And the Russian General Prosecutor's Office. including the one in Beslan. Umar Hanbiev. The Federal Security Service refused to comment." Also yesterday news agencies circulated reports that Shamil Basayev may have been killed in Chechnya. who live in the republic." Umar Khambiyev. Feb 2005 We hope for presence of political will and for the adequate step of the Russian party to put an end to this long and bloody war. and the texts of the statements themselves are the product of the imagination of Movladi Udugov and his accomplices. ~ 15 ~ ." The Ichkeria president's spokesman stressed that the announcement of the unilateral moratorium is totally unconnected with the abduction of Aslan Maskhadov's relatives in Chechnya: "Maskhadov has already spoken out about this: He draws no distinction between his own relatives and the other residents of the republic who are subjected to violence by the security agencies. we would not conceal it. the reaction of representatives of the Russian and Chechen authorities was extremely negative.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures.organizing a series of terrorist acts." Let me remind you that on 2 February KavkazTsentr." Mr Shabalkin stressed that in the time the socalled Maskhadov moratorium has been in force (since 14 January) there have been around 10 terrorist acts in Chechnya. who in assessing events in Chechnya "are guided by the concept of double standards." Regional Operations Headquarters spokesman Ilya Shabalkin told Kommersant yesterday. Yesterday it officially announced that they face further charges in absentia of organizing a series of terrorist acts." Chechen Government Chairman Sergey Abramov told Kommersant's correspondent yesterday. Ichkeria's representatives assessed this reaction as "reluctance to restore peace in Chechnya. They cited sources in Abkhazia's security structures who had received information from Basayev's wife and son. as though responding to the "peace initiatives" from Aslan Maskhadov and Shamil Basayev. reconfirming to Kommersant yesterday that Aslan Maskhadov's order is genuine. announced that they are facing new charges -. The Russian General Prosecutor's Office also responded to the "peace initiatives" from Maskhadov and Basayev. operates only until 22 February. reported that Aslan Maskhadov has ordered the gunmen to suspend combat operations until the end of the month "as a sign of goodwill" (the edict was signed 14 January). "All references to the leaders of the bandit underground are fabricated.showing the world community our readiness for peaceful dialogue." The Regional Operations Headquarters for command and control of the counterterrorist operation in the North Caucasus simply does not believe that the statements published by KavkazTsentr are genuine. the Chechen separatists' website. with 18 officers of law enforcement agencies and civilians killed and wounded. "To be honest. Basayev." Chechen President Alu Alkhanov believes that the so-called president of Ichkeria is basically incapable of ensuring that this order is obeyed. The site also posted orders from Shamil Basayev to his subordinates to halt all sabotage actions in Chechnya and Russia. the General Representative of the President of the CRI in foreign countries Chechen Rebel Spokesman Expected Negative Reaction to Cease-Fire Moscow Kommersant in Russian 04 Feb 05 p 3 [Report by Musa Muradov: "Aslan Maskhadov Accused of Kindling Peace"] [Text] Throughout yesterday representatives of the federal and Chechen authorities rejected the statements by the gunmen's leaders regarding the unilateral suspension of combat operations posted the previous day by the Kavkaz-Tsentr website. As expected. "Maskhadov did not keep a single promise even when he was leader of Ichkeria. stated. we will achieve our aim -. Sokhumi's official authorities denied the rumors concerning the death of the number one terrorist. including the hostage-taking in Beslan and the armed attack on Nazran and Groznyy last summer. terrorist Basayev's order. "If this had happened. Mr Khambiyev replied as follows: "Irrespective of the Russian authorities' reaction. According to the Chechen premier. Admittedly." Mr Alkhanov noted. and company. the statement by the gunmen's ringleaders is a reaction to the active operations by the republic's security structures "to ensure public order and counter terrorism. the Ichkeria leader's statement is no more than a political trick designed for foreign politicians. "Maskhadov simply wants to attract the attention of the world community to himself. Asked what in that case is the point of these initiatives. In the Chechen leader's opinion. general spokesman for the president of Ichkeria. "Law enforcement agencies know that the information posted by the bandit formations' ideologists on extremist websites has nothing to do with statements allegedly made by Maskhadov and Basayev.
Among them. progress in consolidating the Chechen Resistance forces is obvious." he said." he said. Dzhabrailov dismissed reports posted on a Chechen separatist website that Maskhadov had ordered his militants to halt all combat operations in February. which has been eliminated and kidnapped by Russian occupiers for six years in a row. Unfortunately. it is not. Feb 4. It has nothing to do with that. Umar Khanbiyev. have ever had any influence on his decisions. information about Maskhadov's whereabouts arrives one or two days later. Feb 2005 Somebody is simply indulging in wishful thinking. he said. our editorial office picked the three most frequently asked questions. Caucasus Times correspondent Islam Tekushev: "All the forces of the Chechen Resistance are interested in ending the war. 2005 Text of report by The Caucasus Times web site on 4 February Prague. "Rumors about Basayev's death are being spread in Chechnya. especially as Shamil Basayev's units are not officially part of the CRI army. If Basayev's death is confirmed." Dzhabrailov said.rebel president's envoy BBC Monitoring Service . any vigorous terrorist activities on the territory of the republic or outside it will be out of the question. but this information will be confirmed only after law enforcement agencies produce evidence proving his death. Otherwise. None of Maskhadov's relatives. the president said that they were part of the Chechen people. But only the CRI president can say at what level and with whom. the republic's State Council Chairman Taus Dzhabrailov told Interfax by phone on Friday. except for his wife. I will. [Daymohk correspondent] Hello. "He is such a major figure that in the event of his death. [Correspondent] Thank you. Aslan Maskhadov.Interfax) will take rapid steps to search for various opportunities to surrender to law enforcement agencies. On the contrary. Basayev's death would deliver a blow to all remaining guerrilla groups in Chechnya." Mr Khambiyev said. [Correspondent] Is the Chechen side in secret talks with Russia? [Khanbiyev] It is possible that the Chechen side has some contacts with the Kremlin and there is hope for talks." Akhmed Zakayev. Umar! Our agency is receiving letters from our readers who ask questions concerning the latest order of the CRI president [Aslan Maskhadov to suspend hostilities till the end of February]. Aslan Maskhadov (a separatist leader . [Correspondent] Why is [Chechen commander] Shamil Basayev speaking about suspending combat operations till 22 February while Aslan Maskhadov says in his order that the war should be suspended until the end of February? [Khanbiyev] I do not see any disagreement here. [Correspondent] Is the CRI president's order linked to the capture of his relatives by Russian occupiers and their accomplices? [Khanbiyev] No. Feb 04. "A report has received been recently that Maskhadov is hiding in the republic of Chechnya. Commenting on the capture of his relatives. But only law enforcement agencies can confirm his death by showing this man's body or some video tapes to the public. has given a brief interview to Daymohk news agency. Russian Official Thinks Maskhadov Will Surrender if Basayev Dead MOSCOW. said while commenting on the order of the Chechen separatist leader. "This is nothing more than an attempt to remind people about himself. Could you answer them briefly? [Umar Khanbiyev] Hello! Yes. he would have been detained long ago." the official said. Chechens interested in ending war . "Information about Maskhadov's statement ordering a halt to hostilities most likely has indirect links to reports about the disappearance of his relatives. 2005 (Interfax-AVN) Rumors about the death of separatist leader Shamil Basayev are being circulated in Chechnya.United Kingdom. Leader's Envoy Says Talks With Moscow Not Ruled Out (Internet) Daymohk WWW-Text in Russian 1520 GMT 04 Feb 05 [Text] 4 February: The general representative of the president of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria [CRI].Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures." he said. 3 February. representative of [Chechen rebel president] Aslan Maskhadov. to unilaterally suspend offensive operations on the ~ 16 ~ .
” the source told Itar-Tass. February 4. Akhmed Zakayev recalled once again that political dialogue is the only way to end the war. yesterday announced an order by Maskhadov about a unilateral cease-fire "on the territory of Chechnya and outside it". Kavkaz-Tsentr interprets this information as "a sign of goodwill" and "a call to end the war at the negotiating table". in Russian 4 Feb 05 Extremist websites post mutually excluding orders of Maskhadov GROZNY. Aslan Maskhadov and Shamil Basayev. who had allegedly learned about that ordinance. The odious site Kavkaz-Tsentr. "Such confusion is due to radical changes at the top level of the bandit detachments and increasing struggle over power and financial flows. "All the forces of the Chechen Resistance are interested in ending the war. including their extremist wing . and simply refers to "one aide of Shamil Basayev who has become aware of the decree"." Source: Caucasus Times. have posted two mutually excluding ordinances by Aslan Maskhadov. as Russia is trying to present them. “Kavkaz Center did not post a genuine ordinance by the former leader of Ichkeria.” experts said.” Russian law enforcement agencies think. have been brought against the leaders of the Chechen separatists. However. A representative of a Russian law enforcement agency explains “the information confusion with either serious differences between Maskhadov and Basayev or a radial reshuffle in the extremist command and the escalating fight for power and funding. the website does not actually publish the decree of the former leader of Ichkeria [Chechnya] itself. This has been demonstrated by all the Resistance forces. and any reports of the kind are organized and distributed by forces hostile to the Chechen people. "Declaring on behalf of the president of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria unilateral truce till the end of February 2005. Feb 2005 entire territory of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and outside it in February. Zakayev said that Maskhadov had earlier stated that he had nothing to do with the horrific tragedy in Beslan.” “This is an indirect evidence that information about deaths of Shamil Basayev and Doku Umarov may have serious grounds. nor the forces under his command have anything to do with the terrorist act in Beslan. The tragedy that occurred there and the following investigation are aimed at discrediting Aslan Maskhadov.Basayev". However. Kavkaz-Center and Daymohk. "I state once again on behalf of Aslan Maskhadov that neither Aslan Maskhadov. ~ 17 ~ . Akhmed Zakayev said that the order of the president of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria [CRI] has shown the whole world that the Chechen Resistance forces are not uncoordinated groups. Russian Expert Says Websites Confirm Serious Discord Among Chechen Rebels Moscow ITAR-TASS in Russian 1434 GMT 04 Feb 05 [Text] Groznyy. Commenting on the statement of the [Russian] Prosecutor's Office that new charges of organizing a series of terrorist acts. Kavkaz Center introduced the ordinance as a goodwill gesture and an appeal for ending the war at negotiations.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. as experts in the Chechen capital pointed out to ITAR-TASS." people in the Russian lawenforcement and security structures believe. The Kavkaz Center notorious website controlled by radical militants of Shamil Basayev and Movladi Udugov announced on Thursday that Maskhadov had ordered unilateral ceasefire inside and outside Chechnya. 2005 (Itar-Tass) -Internet websites of Chechen extremists. Akhmed Zakayev pointed out. Grozny experts told Itar-Tass that the website did not post an ordinance by the former leader of Ichkeria but referred to a certain aide to Shamil Basayev. including the hostage-taking in Beslan. which is controlled by a radical part of the rebels led by Shamil Basayev and Movladi Udugov. The day after Kavkaz Center claimed an attack of hackers on Daymohk and alleged posting of a fake ordinance on that website. “The confusion results from a major reshuffle in the command of illegal armed units and the mounting fight for power and funding. 4 February: The websites of Chechen extremists titled Kavkaz-Tsentr and Daymohk have published two mutually exclusive orders of [Chechen separatist leader Aslan] Maskhadov. but are subordinate to the commander-in-chief of the CRI armed forces. Prague.” the ordinance runs.” “Any truce is out of the question after what has happened to the fearless fighters for freedom Shamil Basayev and Doku Umarov.
as independent experts in Groznyy stressed.Volume 2. One day later. We are hoping that the Russian side will have the political will to take an appropriate step. Basaev ordered all "mujahideen" on Chechen and Russian territory to halt all forms of military actions. Maskhadov's London-based representative. Feb 2005 On 3 February the Daymohk website. but are subordinated to Maskhadov. Issue 25 CHECHEN REBELS START A TEMPORARY CEASEFIRE On February 3.com. Along with various Koranic citations. but it published the text of Basaev's order to rebel units to obey Maskhadov's ceasefire.com. and all reports of the kind are initiated and circulated by forces hostile to the Chechen people. February 4. which he signed on January 14. "Such information confusion is evidence of either serious disagreements between Maskhadov and Basayev. as they want to portray us in Moscow. February 3). But." "blowing up and attacking enemy columns" and vehicles." he said. in order to put an end to this long and bloody war" (Kavkazcenter. Zakaev also called for "dialogue" to end the war (Kavkazcenter. including "assaults on and shelling of posts of occupation forces and their puppet structures.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. the ChRI president told the world that the ChRI's armed forces are not uncoordinated groups.Basaev." Khanbiev added: "With this step. the Kavkazcenter website reported that Chechen separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov had ordered rebel fighters to lay down their weapons for one month. a provocation. Not surprisingly. Akhmed Zakaev." a representative of the Russian power-wielding agencies said. The order stated that rebel fighter were permitted to mine approaches to their bases and to attack enemy forces or hardware involved in reconnaissance or military operations in the wooded mountainous areas of Chechnya. which is signed by Maskhadov. which is considered to be a pro-Maskhadov website. . It also published a statement from warlord Shamil Basaev ordering fighters to obey Maskhadov's decree and halt all offensive military actions until February 22." Like Khanbiev. "Kavkaz-Tsentr never publishes a real decree by the former leader of the Ichkeria regime". 2005 -. and attacks on "kafirs and hypocrites" in population centers or on roads. . "All this is indirect evidence that there may be some serious grounds to the information about the killing of Shamil Basayev and Doku Umarov. Kavkazcenter also quoted Umar Khanbiev. Zakaev said Maskhadov's order showed that the resistance forces are not uncoordinated groups. Chechen State Council Chairman Taus Dzhabrailov said it was nothing more than a bluff. 2005. an "expression of goodwill." the source told ITAR-TASS. or of radical changes in the leadership of the extremists and increasing struggle over power and financial flows. but are subordinated to the Commander-in-Chief and controlled by him . as saying that Maskhadov's January 14 ceasefire order was "a demonstration of goodwill and an invitation to the Russian side to end the war at the political negotiating table. also commented on the cease-fire order." Kavkazcenter quoted an aide to Basaev as saying that Maskhadov had called the unilateral ceasefire order. "This has been demonstrated by all the resistance forces. including its radical wing -. Chechen President Alu Alkhanov called it a "propaganda trick" (Itar-Tass. February 3). Likewise." says Maskhadov's decree. "There can be no cease-fire following what has happened to the brave freedom fighters Shamil Basayev and Doku Umarov. Aslan Maskhadov. "All the forces of the Chechen resistance are interested in an end to the war. Kavkaz-Tsentr spoke of an attack by hackers against the Daymohk site and the publication of a fake decree on it. The decree is entitled "On measures to stop the circulation of fake statements of representatives of the leadership of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria" and it orders "the continued resistance and armed struggle against occupants". and a desire to attract attention. the main overseas representative for the separatist Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (ChRI). Maskhadov announces a cease-fire as Basaev threatens more Beslans Jamestown Foundation Eurasia Daily Monitor Friday. Later that day. Only the strong side is able to take such a step. February 3). in which he warned that he and his forces "are planning Beslan-type operations in the future. Dzhabrailov added that it was ~ 18 ~ . by the president of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and amir of the State Defence Committee. The decree in particular speaks of reports in the media "of certain countries about a fake decree on behalf of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria president about him allegedly announcing a unilateral cease-fire until the end of February 2005". publishes Decree Ch834 of February 2. however." The website said it did not have the text of Maskhadov's decree. pro-Moscow Chechen and Russian officials have dismissed Maskhadov's initiative out of hand. Britain's Channel 4 television aired an earlier-recorded interview with Basaev.
but that limited funds forced him to target North Ossetia. Basaev said Maskhadov had accused him of going too far with the Beslan raid. At the same time. Petersburg. even when he was in Grozny" (Itar-Tass. calling Basaev a "notorious terrorist and murderer" and noting that Russia's embassy in London had demanded the British authorities not air it." Channel 4 said in a statement. The piece on Channel 4 News tonight will make very clear what kind of man is Shamil Basaev and will set in very clear context his attempted rationale for the killing of children" (Channel4." cannot be seen as innocent. "It is simply not the case that the running of such material can be equated with condoning it. In the interview. In order to stop the genocide we will stop at nothing. have been carried by broadcast media. including Osama bin Laden." he said. Basaev told Channel 4 that he originally planned to seize one or possibly two schools simultaneously in either Moscow or St. In order to stop this chaos we have to respond in the same way." Before the interview with Basaev was broadcast. guards. said it recognized that Basaev's views "will be regarded worldwide as repugnant" but "utterly rejected" any notion it was acting irresponsibly. and we will conduct them. the Chechen rebel warlord reiterated what he said in an e-mail interview with Mark MacKinnon. Allahhu akbar. glory be to Allah." The separatists "have taken these steps many times before. a "Russian garrison in the North Caucasus" that contributed to Chechnya's misery with the "silent consent of [the North Ossetian] population. adding: "Aslan Maskhadov has never been really in control of the situation." who "pay their taxes for this war. seemed to be following the same talking points. Basaev argued that people who "who approve of Putin's policies. "Maskhadov can only give orders to himself personally. "This is a war between the descendants of monkeys. The Times [UK]. priests who sprinkle holy water on them. February 3). and that he had told Maskhadov he was "ready to stand before a sharia court and answer to it in all its severity if it judges [that] I should be punished. and the descendants of Adam. four months ago it sent Basaev a list of questions through an intermediary in an unnamed European capital. Moscow bureau chief for the Globe and Mail newspaper. "This has also been the case for many other instances where the views of those who advocate terrorism. They can take anyone. we are planning these operations. Cynical though it may seem. calling Maskhadov's unilateral ceasefire order "nothing other than an attempt by the separatists to attract publicity. however. but that the Russians were responsible for the siege's bloody denouement." Basaev said his aim had been to offer the Russian leadership no chance of achieving a "bloodless resolution" to the hostage-taking and thus force it to stop the "genocide of the Chechen people. Russia's Foreign Ministry expressed outrage and condemned Channel 4's decision. Today our citizens are disappearing. the true face of Putin with his Satanic horns. Our girls disappear without a trace. for its part." who "send their soldiers to this war. Basaev declared: "We are planning Beslan-type operations in the future because we are forced to do so. February 3). Britain's Channel 4 ran an interview with Shamil Basaev on the evening of February 3. last November -that he was in a state of "shock" over the outcome of the September 2004 Beslan school massacre.com. 2005 A Chechen rebel site has reacted sharply to a statement by the Russian headquarters controlling the counterterrorist operation in the North Caucasus which questions the authenticity ~ 19 ~ . February 3)." Justifying attacks on civilians. According to the channel's website. Feb 2005 possible the rebels were trying to give the impression that they have a unified command. three video CDs containing Basaev's answers to the questions were delivered to an unnamed Middle Eastern city (chanel4. "This is the war of the descendants of Adam and Eve to put the animals in their place. Within the past week. --Charles Gurin Chechen site rejects Russian claims about "information war" BBC Monitoring Service . Dmitry Kozak.to his entourage.com)." but that he had been "cruelly mistaken" in thinking Moscow would never be willing to preside over the death of children. the direct path to God. and the small group he heads" (Interfax. that such a trial is only possible after the war ends. Meanwhile. Basaev ended the interview with comments reminiscent of those made by some of the more extreme Islamic fundamentalist preachers. so that the world sees his true face. when. President Putin's envoy to the Southern Federal District. Basaev also said he is willing to call a ceasefire and open negotiations with the Russians. I commit this to the great God and those who have taken the path to jihad.United Kingdom. Feb 07." Basaev added. if only to show the world again and again the true face of the Russian regime. The channel. but only after the complete withdrawal of Russian forces from Chechnya. in his view." he said.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Basaev -. about whom your Darwin wrote.
RIA Novosti. The website also carries a commentary by "the ~ 20 ~ . Quite clearly. "Any information about Maskhadov and Basayev carried on these sites has been invented merely to give them publicity and to provoke other media into circulating false impressions about the activities of extremist leaders. Groznyy. Commentary Let us ask ourselves why [spokesman of the counterterrorist operation in the North Caucasus Maj-Gen Ilya] Shabalkin and his ROH reacted in this way to CRI President Maskhadov's decree on the unilateral cessation of combat operations by detachments of the Chechen Resistance.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. attacks.the Russian military and political leadership does not want to stop the war and begin talks with the opposing side. and firing on Russian troops." the document says. But the ceasefire is. "The law-enforcement bodies know for certain that the information distributed by ideologists of illegal armed formations on extremist sites has nothing to do with the statements allegedly made by Maskhadov and Basayev. reports appeared about alleged instructions having been given by Maskhadov and Basayev about the ending of combat operations in Chechnya and other Russian territory before 22 February "as a sign of good will". The ROH is certain that "the activity of these Internet sources pursues but one objective . There is a simple explanation for this oversensitive reaction . This shows up the false nature of the Kremlin's measures. Or Is Basayev Preparing for a New War?" -.to wage an information war against Russia". The corresponding order was signed 14 January 2005. which was distributed by Chechen web sites. subheading has been given as published: The regional operational headquarters for the conduct of the counterterrorist operation in the North Caucasus [ROHCOP] refutes the authenticity of statements by [rebel-backed Chechen President] Aslan Maskhadov and [rebel commander] Shamil Basayev published on Chechen separatist web sites." the HQ's statement points out. RIA is in a hurry to publish everything that is circulated by Shabalkin's spin-doctors. only he . any blowing up of or attacks on convoys and solitary vehicles of the "federals. such as a "round table meeting" and the recent "treaty on the delimitation of powers between Moscow and Groznyy". In these opening days of February our soldiers have been dying just as they have on other days.knows about this. without bothering to think about what it contains. Maskhadov has announced a moratorium for the whole of February. Feb 2005 of statements by Chechen rebel leaders calling for an end to the war." and also any shooting at "enemy aircraft" outside the mountain-forest zone. Basayev is ordering his comrades in arms to cease all sabotage.Shabalkin.taken from HTML version of source provided by ISP] [Text] A Chechen separatist website has posted statements by Maskhadov and Basayev in which they declare "a unilateral cessation" of offensive combat actions on the territory of Chechnya and beyond. for some reason. The following is the text of the report entitled "The ROH rejects the authenticity of statements by Maskhadov and Basayev". a Russian information general . Source: Kavkazskiy Vestnik web site. This is stated in a report from the headquarters which reached the RIA news agency. In this connection the ROH refuses to comment on reports which from time to time are published on separatist sites. That was the first blunder. in Russian 4 Feb 05 Chechen Ceasefire 'Respite' Before New Wave of Terror Moscow Moskovskiy Komsomolets in Russian 04 Feb 05 p 4 [Report by Oleg Fochkin under "Terrorism" rubric: "Maskhadov Wants Peace. It says there is no question of a Chechen "information war" and Russia in truth has no intention of ending the conflict. That's when you get clangers. Earlier on the Kavkaz-Tsentr and Chechenpress sites. The second blunder is this: if Shabalkin relates Maskhadov's decree on the ending of combat operations to elements of the information war. and it is regarded as the day of ethnic genocide). then what should one understand by elements of the information war? Clearly. not in evidence. All the illusions to the leaders of the bandit underground are imaginary and the texts of the statements the product of the fantasies of [Chechen separatist spokesman] Movladi Udugov and his accomplices. whereas Basayev's extends only through 22 February (23 February 1944 was the date when Chechen deportations began. carried by the Kavkazskiy Vestnik web site on 4 February. or should one say cock-ups from ROHCOP. The statement contains a reminder to representatives of the media about the demands of the Law of the Russian Federation "On the fight against terrorism" and its appeal "not to be led by the ideologists of international terrorist organizations who are trying by deceit to provoke the distribution of information which serves the propaganda of terrorism and extremism". 3 February 2005 .
his statement emphasizes. the separatists' relationship with the Arabs has become strained.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. and the gunmen's leaders are simply stating that they are in full control of their armed formations and at the same time are demonstrating the unity of their ranks. Feb 2005 general representative of the Republic of Ichkeria in foreign countries. told Nezavisimaya Gazeta." All the indications are that the Chechen leadership does not believe in the "goodwill" of Maskhadov and Basayev. reports have recently been appearing of the severe wounding of both Basayev and Doku Umarov -. capable not simply of resistance. This year alone the gunmen have suffered significant losses. the separatists hope for "the existence of political will and appropriate action by the Russian side to end this long and bloody war. Essentially they are indicating the timing of new terrorist acts. who refers to the suspension of combat actions as "a demonstration of goodwill and an invitation to the Russian side to end the war around the political negotiating table. In response. but must contact the law enforcement agencies and surrender to the authorities. And.the day the Chechen and Ingush peoples were deported. from the experience of past years. So the actions of ~ 21 ~ .the third man in the gunmen's hierarchy." Abdul-Khakim Sultygov. that this "petition" means only one thing: That the gunmen are preparing new acts of bloody terrorism. was no less adamant: "The Russian authorities do not react to messages posted on the extremists' website. Republic President Alu Alkhanov declared that Maskhadov's latest actions are "directly linked to the intensification of the activities of Chechen law enforcement agencies and federal security structures to combat terrorism and banditry. Second." Chechen President Alu Alkhanov has already made his statement in response to Maskhadov's order: "Maskhadov has never honored the commitments he has made. but of presenting a united front. who distributes financial aid from abroad. they are PR. The federals' mobile detachments are catching up with gunmen wherever they are able. Chechens Seen Planning Terrorism Despite Maskhadov Cease-Fire Order Moscow Nezavisimaya Gazeta in Russian 04 Feb 05 p 4 [Report by Andrey Riskin: "Maskhadov 'Declares' Peace. it should not be forgotten that it is still not known what has happened to Maskhadov's abducted relatives." Chechen State Council head Taus Dzhabrailov did not rule out the possibility that Maskhadov's latest order is connected with the disappearance of his relatives: "Maybe he has decided somehow to plant information to the effect that he is a peacemaker and is prepared to suspend combat operations?" "The relatives are nothing to do with it. Dates are always important. Alkhanov claims that Maskhadov's statements are directly linked to the intensification of the Chechen law enforcement agencies' counterterrorism activities." Dmitriy Kozak. presidential plenipotentiary for the Southern Federal District. even during his period as President of Ichkeria. of course. This is because that facility is not an official information medium. finally. Most of all with Abu-Hafs. "I believe we have entered a new period of terrorist threats." Umar Khanbiyev. There are also other explanations for that most unexpected statement from Maskhadov and Basayev. and they simply need a respite in order to prepare everything meticulously and weaken the siloviki's vigilance. And they need to show that they are still a united force. And the separatists understand perfectly well that personal blood-revenge is far more terrible than an order issued from HQ. It is not impossible that the "truce" is most directly connected with these abductions. Third. He is in no hurry to share it with the Chechens. This is even more like revenge for the deaths of comrades from the Alfa and Vympel [special units] in Beslan and Makhachkala. but only until 22 February. including within their leading echelon (for example. there have recently even been open armed skirmishes between Arabs and Chechens. Chechen Gunmen's Leaders Are Planning New Large-Scale Terrorist Acts"] [Text] Ichkeria President Aslan Maskhadov has issued orders to suspend combat operations "on the republic's territory and beyond its borders for the month of February. Russia's official representatives have in fact said "No" to Maskhadov." One of the separatists' websites reports that this has been done "as a sign of goodwill. they should not set conditions. and that arouses their open indignation. We may say. they will begin 23 February -. the command of the Yarmuk jamaat [community] in Nalchik has been crushed)." That is. this is not the first announcement of a truce from the gunmen." And Shamil Basayev is reportedly prepared to obey this order. According to intelligence information. As I see it. the Russian Federation president's former special representative for human rights in Chechnya. First. If Maskhadov and Basayev are prepared to end the terror campaign. Not for Long.
This is a very interesting aspect against the backdrop of the way he recently described an amazing treaty between Moscow and Groznyy. the representative said. said no clashes with militants have been reported in Chechnya since the purported cease-fire calls by former Chechen President Aslan Maskhadov and warlord Shamil Basayev were publicized. "First. There is the sense that Moscow is beginning to rethink its Caucasus policy.. The officer at the North Caucasus Military District. In other words. member of the academic council of the Moscow Carnegie Center.. told Nezavisimaya Gazeta. Russia seems to be admitting that it cannot cope itself and needs a 'third force.Feb 06. Diana Delmikhanova. since the end of last year there has begun to be talk of the possibility of the presence of an external humanitarian force in Chechnya. The terrorist act in Kaspiysk two years earlier was carried out on Victory Day. a representative of the assembly to defend the independence of the CRI in the USA has said.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. was staged 22 June. The unsolved Chechnya problem is a disaster against the backdrop of a possible explosion in the North Caucasus. in particular." Aleksey Malashenko. Finally. 2005 There has been no fighting between Chechen rebels and Russian forces since a pro-rebel Web site reported last week that top separatist leaders had called for a unilateral cease-fire. The gunmen's bloody raid on Nazran. in Putin's conversation with the FRG chancellor. also said there had been no rebel attacks or land-mine blasts for the past three days. the separatist leaders are already stating that they "intend to seek independence for all the North Caucasus republics.' That is the most important point. Chechen President Akhmad Kadyrov was blown up in Groznyy stadium 9 May. an officer at the Russian military headquarters in the region that includes Chechnya said Sunday. Aslan Maskhadov. and London's The Times published a number of statements by the "number one terrorist" in which he announced that the Chechen gunmen are planning new terrorist acts on the scale of Beslan. Feb 2005 Maskhadov and Basayev are part of the media war that generally precedes real. "It looks as though the statement by Basayev and Maskhadov is a reaction to the not entirely articulated processes regarding Chechnya that are under way in the Kremlin. In March Chechnya is planning to widely celebrate the second anniversary of the adoption of the republic's constitution. Moreover. on the unilateral truce. but it subsequently emerged that there is not going to be any treaty." Indeed. A spokeswoman for Chechnya's Interior Ministry. A Web site linked to the rebels. Meanwhile yesterday Interfax's sources within Abkhazia's security structures told the agency that Shamil Basayev was fatally wounded in the latter half of January in a "spat" with foreign mercenaries and was buried in Chechnya's Gudermesskiy Rayon.. US TV Companies Eager To Cooperate With Chechen Rebel Agencies (Internet) Kavkaz-Tsentr News Agency WWWText in Russian 1520 GMT 04 Feb 05 [Text] 4 February: The US press has widely covered the order of the president of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria [CRI]. who spoke on condition of anonymity. The interest in the struggle of the Chechen people has sharply increased in the USA over the past couple of days. the situation in the North Caucasus in general is very serious. including the hostage-taking in Beslan. The representative of the assembly said that "contacts are being established and they will be of great significance in creating an impartial view of the Russo-Chechen war and in destroying the stereotypes foisted on the West by the Kremlin's propaganda". large-scale terrorist sabotage actions." since Moscow can no longer cope with the "role of so-called controller" in the region. in which the death toll was around 100. different American TV companies are ready to cooperate with CRI news agencies. Specifically. Second. An interview with him was shown on one TV channel. In May the country will celebrate the 60th anniversary of the Great Victory. ~ 22 ~ . the Day of Remembrance of Victims of War. not only for Ichkeria.' A statement by Taus Dzhabrailov that this whole thing is a provocation and so forth was immediately issued. we must note the Chechen authorities' fierce reaction to this 'truce. although she said she did not believe that was the result of the cease-fire announcement." Let us note that yesterday Basayev unexpectedly was given a platform in the British mass media. This was mentioned. Russian officer: no fighting since Chechen rebel cease-fire call publicized SERGEI VENYAVSKY AP Worldstream . Also yesterday the General Prosecutor's Office Administration in the North Caucasus charged Maskhadov and Basayev with organizing several terrorist acts.
" Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told AFP. "These are not people with whom we can hold talks. Once seen as a moderate figure. Feb 2005 www. 23 is also the day Russians honor the nation's armed forces. "If reason triumphs among our Kremlin opponents." Maskhadov. mention no attacks on Russian servicemen in Chechnya.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. a former health minister in Maskhadov's separatist administration who is now living in exile. 22 _ the day before the anniversary of Stalin-era mass deportation of Chechens to Central Asia. "I hope for an adequate response. but the Kremlin dismissed the move. Officials in Chechnya's government and Russian President Vladimir Putin's Kremlin have said there can be no negotiations with rebel leaders over anything but their unconditional surrender.kavkazcenter. However. ~ 23 ~ . had signed an order last month for all offensive actions to be halted in February in Chechnya and bordering areas as "a display of good will. Russian officials and authorities in Chechnya's Moscow-backed government dismissed the calls as a bluff or a publicity stunt. Maskhadov does not control the situation and more importantly. president of Chechnya during its de-facto independence in the late 1990s. the Interfax news agency quoted the deputy commander in chief of the Russian Land Forces as saying that he had just returned from Chechnya and that rebel attacks were continuing. "Over the past day. saying it refused to deal with "terrorists. then most likely blood will be spilled for a long time to come but we will not be morally responsible for the continuation of this madness." said Maskhadov. he's a terrorist." Maskhadov told Russian daily Kommersant. but they withdrew after a devastating 20-month war that left the southern Russian region with de facto independence. also appeared to indicate that no rebel attacks have taken place in recent days. Basayev has claimed responsibility for numerous terrorist attacks. the situation on the territory of the Chechen republic remained calm on the whole. reported Wednesday that Maskhadov. The guerrilla leader said he had chosen Umar Khambiyev. The Kremlin sent troops into Chechnya in 1994 in a bid to crush its separatist leadership. Saturday and Sunday. but they also say he has little power over most of the militants in Chechnya. The last three reports." Sunday's news release said. confirmed that he had ordered a temporary truce in the war-torn breakaway republic until February 22 as a "goodwill gesture" aimed at Russian President Vladimir Putin." The site said Basayev ordered all rebels under his command to halt attacks until Feb. Russian officials accuse Maskhadov of involvement in organizing or inspiring most of the terrorist attacks that have plagued the country in the past few years. Russian troops returned in 1999. Maskhadov was elected as president of Chechnya in 1997 in elections recognized by Moscow after it sued for peace to end a disastrous 1994-96 war. to lead the peace effort in a bid to end the more than five-year conflict.07 February 2005 MOSCOW: Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov said he has named a top aide to conduct peace negotiations with Moscow. the former Soviet artillery officer's influence has waned as radicals led by warlord Shamil Basayev and linked to al-Qaeda have staged a series of deadly attacks on Russians civilians. issued to media Friday. On Thursday. But daily reports issued by Russia's headquarters for the campaign against militants in Chechnya and nearby regions. which it calls the counterterrorist operation in the North Caucasus. a senior presidential official said that the Kremlin had not changed its policy of refusing to negotiate with Maskhadov. we can end this war at the negotiating table.com. rejecting overtures from Maskhadov and calls from critics in Russia and abroad who have urged peace talks. Feb. The headquarters has claimed the statements attributed to Maskhadov and Basayev were fake. No country in the world is willing to deal with terrorists. If not. Chechen rebel leader appoints negotiator for peace talks with Moscow AFP . although Russia has since branded him a terrorist. Because following my order for a temporary halt to all offensive operations I ordered the formation of a delegation to hold contacts with the Russian side. and fighting has persisted almost daily despite the establishment of the Moscow-backed government. believed to be hiding out in Chechnya's rugged southern mountains.
"Our stand is unwavering. there have been no serious attacks.700 soldiers though independent observers claim the true toll may be three times higher." the Chechen state council chief. Chechen rebel leader praises truce By SERGEI VENYAVSKY 2/7/2005 ROSTOV-ON-DON. bloodshed will likely continue for a long time. was ~ 24 ~ . "If not. 23 is also the day Russians honor the nation's armed forces. Some Russian media speculated that Maskhadov's cease-fire call was tied to the alleged abduction of his relatives by the Chechen presidential security service. Feb. In a chilling British television interview broadcast last week sparking angry Russian protests." Tengiyeva said in a telephone interview. I should think that I have succeeded in averting many terror attacks. Representatives of the Memorial human rights center said Monday that one relative who was abducted. "I wouldn't categorically say that these are the consequences of the moratorium. and an official said Monday the truce had been holding since the start of February. said rebels appeared to be observing the cease-fire. a rebel Web site carried statements by former Chechen President Aslan Maskhadov and warlord Shamil Basayev ordering a halt to all offensive actions in February in Chechnya and bordering areas as "a display of good will. who control lucrative reconstruction funds allocated for the war-shattered republic. Movladi Aguyev. who was president of Chechnya during its de-facto independence in the late 1990s. In the newspaper interview. anxious about the conflict enflaming the Caucasus.died in a September school hostage raid masterminded by Basayev. Feb 2005 More than five years after pouring in troops in October 1999 to restore control in Chechnya. including the September school hostage-taking in which more than 330 people were killed. 22 — the day before the anniversary of Stalin-era mass deportation of Chechens to Central Asia. Maskhadov again sought to distance himself from Basayev. "During the last week." he told Kommersant. Russia (AP) — A Chechen rebel leader told a Russian newspaper that a unilateral cease-fire he announced should help lead to peace talks with the Kremlin. raids or terror attacks on the territory of the republic. the war will end at the negotiating table. The official Russian death toll from the war stands at over 4. Basayev warned of future attacks on Russian targets like Beslan. "If our Kremlin opponents display sober reason. Russia remains bogged down in a bloody guerrilla war despite setting up a pro-Moscow local administration." Maskhadov. "If Basayev obeyed my cease-fire order.half of them children -. and he repeated his position that Basayev should face an international tribunal. said in an interview published Monday that he hoped for an "adequate reaction" from the Russian authorities. The rebels are believed to have suffered large losses as well and now operate in small gangs through tough terrain they know well while reverting primarily to mine warfare and hit-andrun strikes. told the Interfax news agency." Maskhadov told the business daily Kommersant. but we will surrender moral responsibility for continuing this madness.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. because such a lull is typical for the winter. He said he would try to prevent Basayev from carrying out new attacks against civilians." Liliya Tengiyeva. Umar Khambiyev. there will be no political contacts with Maskhadov and his circle. a spokeswoman for Chechnya's Interior Ministry. Pro-Moscow Chechen leaders. Taus Dzhabrailov. The rebel Web site had said Basayev ordered all rebels under his command to halt attacks until Feb. He added that he had named a spokesman abroad. analysts suggested the Chechen rebels appeared to be responding to a secret peace initiative from the Kremlin. to head a delegation for talks with Moscow. Their single biggest recent attack came in the southern Russian town of Beslan where more than 340 people -. also dismissed the talks offer. Maybe it's just a coincidence but maybe not. Last week. who has claimed responsibility for numerous attacks. but daily reports issued by Russia's headquarters for the campaign against militants in Chechnya and nearby regions also appeared to indicate no rebel attacks had taken place in recent days. After a spate of major clashes in three neighboring republics in the past month." Federal officials have dismissed the calls as a bluff or publicity stunt.
Moscow has robbed itself of an opportunity to reach the open ground of alternative solutions. it is not Moscow that decides things there.. 2005 (Itar-Tass) -Chechnya’s first deputy prime minister. Moscow has painted itself into a corner by choosing a single model for a peace settlement for Chechnya through its appointed man and the Kadyrov clan. unlike Basayev. try to check whether his proposals and offer of a ceasefire are empty words or not. It registered 396 abductions in Chechnya in 2004. as received] What is the Russian leadership afraid of? Why is it ignoring [Chechen separatist leader] Aslan Maskhadov's explicit statement on a unilateral ceasefire and the creation of a contact group [for talks with the federal center]? It is clear why United Russia is hiding its head in the sand and keeps repeating that it will not discuss anything with "a child murderer". We have seen in Ukraine what driving oneself into a corner can lead to. are authorized to do that within the framework of the process of "Chechenization" of the smouldering war. As it turned out. Alu Alkhanov. but they withdrew after a devastating 20-month war that left the southern Russian region de facto independent. have offered their reaction. All that is clear. and he must be perfectly aware of this. Memorial also said some 1. smile and accept the new situation. including those of 24 people who were later found dead with signs of torture and a violent death. albeit a standard one: Maskhadov.will not say a word without having been instructed to do so. with civilians and rights groups blaming rebels and pro-Russian Chechen law enforcement as well as Russian forces who detain men in daily security sweeps. and to look strong and independent.Maskhadov's involvement with horrendous terrorist attacks has been declared by Moscow but has not been verified and he himself. leaving out any formulas. Chechnya's Moscow-backed president also ruled out any talks with Maskhadov.” Kadyrov told Tass in the wake of media reports the former leader of the Ichkerian regime has declared unilateral truce till the end of February. “In the current situation this is the sole possible gesture of goodwill Maskhadov has talked about so much. Moscow's obstinacy as regards Chechnya has a far higher price . Russian forces returned in 1999 following a rebel incursion into a neighboring province and apartment building explosions blamed on rebels. The price of this obstinacy is a loss of face and scratches on one's prestige. It is also clear why the [pro-Moscow] Chechen leadership. Ramzan Kadyrov invites Maskhadov to lay down arms MOSCOW. the Kremlin and the president [Vladimir Putin] do have something to be afraid of. Abductions are a major problem in Chechnya.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Feb 2005 found in the custody of federal forces in Chechnya. leaving out the "child murderer" formula . has neither the strength nor the opportunity to escape from under the debris of the juggernaut he has created with his own hands. saying the rebels are international terrorists who must be eliminated. the price is our children's lives. It also turned out that one can back off. President Vladimir Putin has rejected calls from abroad for peace talks. categorically denies his involvement . ~ 25 ~ . Were they to try and take Maskhadov at his word. [President Alu] Alkhanov and [Deputy Prime Minister Ramzan] Kadyrov. It is also clear why [presidential envoy to the Southern Federal District Dmitriy] Kozak refuses to comment even on the fact of Maskhadov's appeal. surrender! They.000 civilians had disappeared in Chechnya in the past five years — during the second war — after being detained. The president. the Kremlin's shaky North Caucasus construction would collapse. What is not clear is what those who are supposed to hold all the strings to the North Caucasus settlement in their hands..if you could call it that . However. A segment of the vertical structure of power cannot have opinions of its own.so. February 7. [Ellipsis as received] This party . are afraid of. although being part of the vertical structure of power too.yes. Radio Commentary Criticizes Kremlin's Refusal To Talk to Chechen Rebels Moscow Informatsionnoye Agentstvo Ekho Moskvy in Russian 1511 GMT 07 Feb 05 [Commentary by radio observer Sergey Buntman] [Text] [No dateline. The Kremlin sent troops into Chechnya in 1994 in a bid to crush its separatist leadership. and 495 abductions — including 52 whose bodies were found — the previous year. Ramzan Kadyrov has formally invited separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov to lay down arms and give himself up to the authorities.
are not subordinate to him. Beslan and Moscow? On the other hand. “The sole act of goodwill Maskhadov should take now is to lay down arms and to set an example for others. Feb 2005 “What goodwill can one talk about after so many civilians. That's why all the actions have stopped. 2005 Text of report by Russian news agency ITARTASS Moscow. Maskhadov himself recognizes that the most notorious field commanders. In the meantime his current truce rhetoric benefits the separatist leaders who seek to draw the world’s attention again." "All the current talk about cease-fires is actually only for the benefit of the leaders of the fighters. Beslan and Moscow? On the other hand. Source: ITAR-TASS news agency. first. in Russian 0956 gmt 7 Feb 05 Chechen President Says Rebel Leader Maskhadov Has No Real Power Moscow NTV Mir in Russian 1300 GMT 07 Feb 05 [From "Segodnya"] [Excerpt] [Aleksey Sukhanov. "The only act of good faith that Maskhadov must perform now is to lay down his arms himself and act as an example for others. According to him "the effective work of Chechnya's law-enforcement structures is yielding results and the net is tightening around Maskhadov and Basayev". to lay down his weapons and hand himself in.Chechen deputy PM BBC Monitoring Service . This is the only way he can prove that the words peace for the long-suffering territory of Chechnya have any meaning for him.” Kadyrov said. Why did he not say something in Beslan? If he is president and commander-in-chief. Aslan Maskhadov. 7 February: First Deputy Chechen Prime Minister Ramzan Kadyrov today officially called for the former leader of Ichkeria. if Maskhadov says that he does not control the people who carry out terrorist attacks. "Recently Maskhadov has so often talked about acts of good faith and in his situation this is the only possible act of this kind. “The question arises who will obey his orders. But there is not a single commander who would carry out his [Maskhadov's] orders. [Passage omitted: Chechen president Alkhanov doesn't believe Maskhadov] [Ramzan Kadyrov. including [Shamil] Basayev. have died as a result of terrorist attacks and acts of sabotage in Grozny. women and civilians have died in terrorist attacks and acts of sabotage in Groznyy. are not under his command and are not part of the so-called armed forces of Ichkeria. including those in Beslan and Ingushetia. announcer] In response to [Chechen rebel leader Aslan] Maskhadov's interview to the Kommersant newspaper. using this as a breathing-space to prepare for new terrorist attacks and murders. who." Kadyrov said.” Kadyrov believes that Maskhadov’s sudden confessions he does not control Basayev and other bandits testify to his intention to shirk responsibility for committed crimes. Only by doing so he will be able to prove that peace for the long-suffering land of Chechnya is not empty talk for him. why are children being killed everywhere? ~ 26 ~ . Feb 07. the Chechen leadership called on Aslan Maskhadov to turn himself in.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures." Kadyrov said when asked by ITAR-TASS to comment on the statement of the former leader of Ichkeria published in the press announcing "a unilateral cease-fire until the end of February". including Basayev. therefore he has no scope for this." Kadyrov continued. in which Maskhadov spoke about a unilateral suspension of hostilities until the end of February and the intention to hand Basayev over to an international tribunal. what negotiations can be conducted with a person who does not decide anything?” Kadyrov said. why did he allow Beslan to happen? Why are there explosions. if what Maskhadov is saying is true and he does not control those who commit terrorist attacks. then there can be no question of holding talks with a man who has no real influence. are trying to get the world's attention and second. Moscow. including children and women. and to use the pause to plan more terrorist attacks and murders. including those in Beslan and Ingushetia. first deputy chairman of the Chechen government] They all have been pushed into a corner." "The fact that Maskhadov has suddenly started to admit that he does not control Basayev and the other bandits shows his desire to avoid personal responsibility for the crimes that have been committed.United Kingdom. Surrender is only solution for rebel leader Maskhadov . if Maskhadov himself admits that the most odious field commanders. "The question arises of who will carry out this [cease-fire] order. "How can one speak of good faith when children. In his opinion Chechnya’s law enforcement agencies have been doing a good job and their grip on Maskhadov and Basayev is ever tighter." Kadyrov noted.
"He might control some militants. but pro-Russian Chechen President Alu Alkhanov said on 5 February that if Maskhadov and Basaev really want to stop terror they should turn themselves in to police and surrender. but the problem is that he is one of many [commanders]. The Kremlin. said that in his opinion it is impossible to imagine that Maskhadov controls all of the militant groups in Chechnya. Umar Khambiev. Khambiev told RFE/RL he believes it's in the Kremlin's best interest to start negotiations. but that the main aim of the resistance is to get guarantees for the existence of the Chechen nation.giving some the impression there may be an opening in the Chechen crisis. We are ready for negotiations even today and solving all contentious questions. The pro-Russian Chechen administration and Russian military say there has been no major fighting between Chechen rebels and Russian forces since last week.' we fill find a different formula for that. Chechnya: Cease-Fire Holding. Very big numbers of groups. Khambiev said for this reason Maskhadov is the best partner for the Kremlin." Koktysh claimed the amount of military activity in Chechnya depends more on money coming in ~ 27 ~ ." Koktysh said.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Chechnya's Russianbacked government has dismissed the move as a publicity stunt. At a meeting with foreign military attaches." Khambiev said. Our president says and not without reason that 30 minutes would be enough to talk with the president of the Russian Federation and end this war. "It is up to negotiators to find these guarantees. President Aslan Maskhadov said that it is the sixth time when Basaev was reportedly killed. Khambiev said if the bid to start talks fails. and observers say that with memories of September's tragic Beslan school siege still fresh. Chechnya is now in [an impossible situation] where everyone is fighting everyone else. to head the delegation for talks with the Kremlin. the Russians are not likely to rush to the negotiating table. has not commented on Maskhadov's statement but the Federation Council touched upon this topic." Khambiev said. Chechen militants are ready to continue fighting. "On the whole. The Kremlin has issued no public response. "We have showed and we continue to show that we are ready for negotiations. Maskhadov condemned the Beslan siege. and first of all he is concerned about actions against the peaceful Russian civilians. Feb 2005 [Announcer] Moscow's reaction is similar. But Little Chance Of Negotiations Seen By Valentinas Mite A unilateral cease-fire called by Chechen separatist leaders appears to be holding -. however. In an interview published by the Russian newspaper "Kommersant-Daily" today. Maskhadov said he is hoping for a response from the Russian government. He said he could not accept the means used by Basaev. He said the ceasefire indicates Maskhadov is in complete control of the Chechen resistance. We are different from the people they portray us to be. Khambiev downplayed any disagreement between Maskhadov and Basaev." "In his interview [with 'Kommersant-Daily']. He said his group is not fixated on establishing an "independent" Chechnya. 7 February 2005 (RFE/RL) -. head of defense committee Viktor Ozerov said that Maskhadov's words about a cease-fire is but a part of information war. Basaev has claimed responsibility for many terrorist attacks carried out in Russia in recent years. Prague. and [families] are fighting one another. though." Khambiev said. clans. "There are no special disagreements except pointed out by the president [Maskhadov] himself [in his interview]. including last September's Beslan hostage siege in which more than 320 people were killed. and has said Basaev should face trial for his role in the hostage taking. All these questions might be resolved through negotiations. Kirill Koktysh of the Moscow Institute of International Relations. If the [negotiators] don't want to call it 'independence.Chechen rebels seem to be observing a cease-fire in the republic that was announced on 2 February to last until 22 February." Khambiev said. The cease-fire was called by Chechen separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov and warlord Shamil Basaev as a goodwill gesture to encourage the Russians to engage in talks over the feature of the republic. Khambiev said persistent rumors about Basaev's death are not true and are part of what he called a "Russian disinformation campaign. The separatist leader has named a spokesman. Otherwise this war will not end in the way Russia wants and it is dangerous for Russia itself. It means Maskhadov denied the rumors and chose not to answer the question.
on unilateral suspension of offensive war operations on the territories of Chechnya and Russia. the terrorist. which allegedly is a violation of the order of Commander-In-Chief. but he also has skeletons in the cupboard. If Maskhadov is aware of that. What killed him .Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. This is really good news. there is hardly any chance that he will ever surrender or arrange a ceasefire. not least mysterious disappearances of people in the basements of the so-called "security service" that reported directly to the president. anyway. Due to the information that was being spread through Dagestani (pro-Russian) mass media. On Monday. Most Compassionate. "It is up to the Almighty to decide. and this author was one of those who scrutinized it page by page.) prosecutors. and the Almighty is mighty kind. With a little help from the Almighty. 2005 (RIA Novosti's writer Pyotr Romanov). though it is yet unclear whether the same applies to Mr. The Shariah. showing the two cheerfully planning another attack on a Russian site. and many. Of course Maskhadov is no match to Basayev in terms of criminal records. a Moscow business daily. According to Kommersant. Kommersant. looted during what they called the "independence" of Chechnya..and for long. the whole thing seems yet another publicity project Movladi Udugov. Some time later a videotape would turn up in a cache. Another piece of good news had come from Chechnya several days before. Maskhadov is quoted as saying that on February 1 he had ordered his men to suspend fighting. to his disciples and to all of those who followed them in the Jihad until the Day of Judgment. including the money Moscow had sent to Chechnya to pay pensions. MASKHADOV PEACEFUL . Therefore. The statement says: In the name of God. Maskhadov had declared a ceasefire as many times before as there had been rumors about Basayev's death or about a split-up between the two warlords. including Mr. Russians in an ambush or his own cronies by accident . The list of accusations starts from Ichkerian (Ichkeria is the self-made name for independent Chechnya . not even Russian ones. Maskhadov pledged to have all men accused of crimes against humanity. No matter how hard we try to believe it. Feb 2005 from abroad to support the militants than on what Maskhadov says. suggesting that Shamil Basayev. because.TOO GOOD TO BE TRUE MOSCOW. These pages tell interesting stories about former president's uncontrollable personal accounts where state money ended up en masse. Meanwhile the sources of Russian invaders ~ 28 ~ . of reckless and persistent thievery of the president's personal guard.Ed. Off with him. was killed. President Maskhadov. before the International Tribunal after the war. Basayev suspected of the Moscow theater siege in 2002 and Beslan attack in 2004. there is a chance these few will stop killing for some time. February 7." Mr. The only thing worries me is that all this is too good to be true.is of little importance. the insurgent spin-doctor. is so good at. claiming that Dagestani Mujahideen (Resistance Fighters) did not suspend their war operations on the territory of the Republic of Dagestan. Maskhadov used to say. about trains going through Grozny. Dagestani Mujahideen waiting for President Maskhadov's order Kavkaz Center 2005-02-08 00:58:49 Kavkaz Center's editors received a statement issued by the Shariah Unit of Dagestani Resistance Forces (Mujahideen).his old wounds or new ones. Peace and blessing be to Commander of All Mujahideen Prophet Muhammad. In this interview. even if Maskhadov controls a dozen men. Unfortunately. No order was received about suspension of any war operations on the territory of Dagestan. Maskhadov's own case recently filed by the Russian General Prosecutor's Office. the Congress of Islamic War Council (Jamaat) of Dagestan hereby clarifies: The order mentions the unilateral suspension of offensive war operations only on the territories of Chechnya and Russia. The federal forces once seized the Maskhadov file. but the prosecutor should come first . President Maskhadov. many other things. (RFE/RL's North Caucasus Service contributed to this report) BASAYEV KILLED. The Shariah War Council will continue carrying out its combat operations in accordance with the ratified plan until the next appropriate order comes from Commander-InChief. Most Gracious. This is also good news. Mr. perhaps. published an interview with former Chechen leader Aslan Maskhadov.. to his family. He might be confident enough about a future interview with the Almighty.
Feb 2005 reported that combat clashes were going on throughout the whole day last Saturday on the outskirts of the city of Makhachkala (capital of Dagestan) in the vicinity of Mount Tarki-Tau. No details of the battle were reported. The combats stopped in the vicinity of Tarki-Tau by Saturday evening. the jihad will not stop there. Maskhadov said in his statement that he "confirms a commitment to civilized methods of resolving difficult political questions. or we die on our own.dead in September. It ended with Moscow demanding unconditional surrender. we are killed all together. the European Union. "I would also like to address the Chechen people: should they kill me. Feb 8. But Basayev reappeared to announce that rebels would pursue their resistance even if he were dead. the man who masterminded the Beslan school hostage siege that left more than 340 people -half of them children -. But Moscow-linked leaders of Chechnya and Kremlin officials have dismissed Maskhadov's calls for talks while President Vladimir Putin -. Only one official round of peace negotiations was held during the second war launched in October 1999. once a pointman on Chechnya. in a clear split in the rebel command. (Allegedly. as he vowed that his followers would keep on fighting the Russians even after his death. Mr. But it also broadcast a video it said was of Russia's enemy number one Shamil Basayev proclaiming an endless campaign. No information has been available about casualties among Dagestani Armed Forces." said the thickly-bearded Basayev. Rebels offered a ceasefire last Wednesday and only one pro-Russian Chechen policeman has been confirmed killed since then in a rare quiet spell in the war." pro-Moscow Chechen leader Alu Alkhanov was quoted as saying by Interfax. Pro-Moscow Chechen leaders said the odd exchange was a farce and once again offered Maskhadov a chance to give up while dismissing negotiations. can simply end a war. The Chechens "have nothing to gain in the West. The conflicting rebel statements reflected infighting within the Chechen resistance and a struggle over strategy in a conflict that has spanned more than a decade of on and off warfare claiming tens of thousands of lives." The Chechen rebel leadership was "willing to demonstrate its desire for peace and calls on the United Nations. Russian media has been filled with a new round of reports about the possible death of Basayev. but the armed unit of Dagestanis somehow managed to escape. "I do not understand how the stronger side. the Council of Europe and the democratic governments of Europe and the United States to change their stance" and help end the war. Analysts said the call appeared futile because the West feared straining ties with Moscow over Chechnya and guerrillas allegedly tied to the AlQa'ida terror network. dated Sunday. except for one commando of Russian special forces being killed and several wounded. 2005 (AFP) -. for we must all die at one point. dressed in a camouflaged army outfit.has refused to comment on the peace offers after proclaiming the war over and won on repeated occasions. and the Chechen side is the stronger side. The Kavkazcenter Internet site released a statement by the ousted Chechen president urging peace. The warlord slammed a knife into his artificial right leg several times in Kavkazcenter footage." Russia received a stark reminder of the relentless unrest in its Caucasus region with Basayev's reappearance on the Internet. The Kremlin has since insisted it will hold no further talks with "terrorists." said political analyst Andrei Piontkovsky.Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov called Tuesday [8 February] on the West to mediate an end to his Muslim republic's war against Russia even as the separatists' top warlord vowed unstinting resistance. Muslim Makasharipov was spotted in that unit). added another startling note in the debate over ~ 29 ~ . against whom the military operation was allegedly being conducted.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Sources of the Russian invaders reported that the operation against Dagestani Armed Forces was accomplished. "We cannot talk about negotiations with those who are involved in bloody deeds. Maskhadov is killed. which would prefer not to freeze ties with Putin." Meanwhile Russia's self-exiled tycoon Boris Berezovskiy. if Doku (Umarov) is killed.the latest war's architect -. Chechen Rebel Leader Calls On West To Help End War MOSCOW. he said.
Thus. Nonetheless. which some analysts think is also seeking a way to end the 10-year-old conflict. Feb 2005 the ongoing war. yesterday urged the Kremlin to start peace talks. the Russian president. However. accusing him of being involved in attacks on civilians and expressing doubt over the extent of his control over rebel forces. the Chechen rebel leader. to respond. that could put pressure on Russia. In the opinion of the republic's president. [passage omitted] Against this background Alu Alkhanov's statement regarding a possible change to the system for controlling security structures in Chechnya looks rather curious." Mr Maskhadov played down the rumours of Mr Basayev's death. or possibly in a dispute over money with his own men. seeing his statements as an attempt to make his presence felt in the international arena and to gain a respite in fighting the federal forces. FSB [Federal Security Service]. That is the Chechen leaders' response to the rebel leaders' proposal to sit down at the conference table made in an interview published yesterday in the Kommersant newspaper. Late on Sunday. at present "there is no need for the multi-level system of leadership of forces and facilities. the deadline set by Mr Maskhadov. Russia has always refused to negotiate with Mr Maskhadov. if the ceasefire holds until February 22.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. His comments were published as rumours continued to circulate about the death of Shamil Basayev. Sources in the Caucasus said last week that Mr Basayev had died from a kidney problem or complications linked to the amputation of his foot after he stepped on a mine in 2000. Chechen interior ministry officials said yesterday there had been no serious rebel attacks or raids since February 1. Meanwhile Chechen President Alu Alkhanov has come out with the initiative to transfer the operational leadership of the security structures in the republic to the control of the local siloviki. who dissociates himself from Mr Basayev. Alu Alkhanov's ~ 30 ~ . Berezovskiy told Moscow Echo radio that rebels had offered to sell him a "portable" nuclear bomb two and a half years ago and that he alerted the US embassy in London." Mr Maskhadov said. The Kremlin immediately dismissed Mr Maskhadov as a terrorist and said it had not changed its policy of refusing to negotiate with him. "If sober reason prevails among our opponents in the Kremlin. Russia's state-owned Channel 1 featured the rumours prominently in its main evening news programme. and prosecutor's office should be answerable for everything taking place in the republic. he speaks almost outright of the expediency of transferring leadership of the fight against the militants away from federal structures (the Regional Operations Headquarters for the Control of the Counterterrorist Operation in the North Caucasus) to local structures. The Russian foreign ministry issued an angry statement after his comments. the Russian siloviki do not believe Maskhadov. military commandant's office. the radical separatist who masterminded last year's siege at a school in Beslan in which more than 330 people died. then we can finish this war at the negotiating table. accusing the billionaire of trying to spawn panic. Chechen President Suggests Subordinating Security Structures to Local Command Moscow Gazeta in Russian 08 Feb 05 pp 4-5 [Report by Vladimir Barinov: "Basayev in Exchange for Negotiations"] [Excerpt] There will be no talks with Aslan Maskhadov. Mr Maskhadov told Kommersant newspaper he had offered the ceasefire not as a signal of his strength but as a "goodwill gesture" aimed at Vladimir Putin. In the interview the "president of Ichkeria" called the unilateral truce he has allegedly declared a "goodwill gesture" and for the first time voiced a readiness to hand Shamil Basayev and other bandit ringleaders involved in crimes against humanity over to an international tribunal. most likely blood will flow for a long time. saying this was already the fifth or sixth time in six years he had been reported dead. but the case was dropped. Chechen rebels in peace plea to Kremlin By Neil Buckley in Moscow Financial Times Published: February 8 2005 02:00 | Last updated: February 8 2005 02:00 Aslan Maskhadov. The pro-Moscow Chechen administration also said there would be no talks. but we will not carry the moral responsibility for the continuation of this madness. saying he believed the Chechens had access to nuclear weapons." Alkhanov believes that the leaders of the local MVD [Internal Affairs Ministry]. "If not. days after he announced a ceasefire by rebel forces.
Observers also suggested that the call for peace talks with Moscow was an attempt to win the rebels some time to recuperate in the difficult winter period. 2005 (Itar-Tass) Chechen President Alu Alkhanov has commented on "an initiative" put forward by Chechen warlord Aslan Maskhadov who suggested a unilateral ceasefire in Chechnya. and that Maskhadov . The Chechen administration believes that substantial successes have been achieved recently in the fight against the bandit underground. The Russian media quoted Chechnya analysts on Tuesday as saying that nothing in the conflict had changed over the past months to bring the two sides closer to the idea of a political settlement. exiled Russian tycoon and onetime powerful political player Boris Berezovsky told the Russian daily Komsolskaya Pravda that the Chechen rebels had obtained a portable nuclear device. Chechen rebel leader calls for peace talks ISN SECURITY WATCH (08/02/05) . grief and sorrow that he brought to Chechnya in the past years and the harm Maskhadov is doing to Chechnya at present.000 of them -. The special services officers note that the scenario of handing control to the local authorities is possible if only as an experiment. elected president of independent Chechnya in the late 1990s.they have been transferred from Defense Ministry subdivisions to the control of MVD Internal Troops units. and the militants can no longer carry out wide-scale sorties and the Chechen police (there are about 15. but the rebels could no longer be held morally responsible for that. However. February 8. Maskhadov. Also on Tuesday.the most likely negotiating partner for the rebels . Gazeta's sources in the federal forces' security structures note that Alu Alkhanov's proposal is not new. In an interview published by the respected Kommersant daily on Monday. the republic's leadership believes. the bloodshed would continue. Maskhadov vowed to hand Basaev over to an international tribunal to be tried for terrorist attacks claimed by the warlord. Maskhadov said in the interview that if the Kremlin rejected his offer for peace talks. He also pledged respect for Maskhadov's truce. which plunged after a rebel hostagetaking raid on a crowded school in the southern Russian republic of North Ossetia in September. Russian President Vladimir Putin has rejected any possibility of holding talks with the rebels since their hostage-taking raid on a Moscow theater in October 2002. In related news. Maskhadov should rather acknowledge his guilt to the Chechen people for innocent victims. Feb 2005 assistant Muslim Khuchiyev explained to Gazeta that so far this proposal is the personal opinion of the Chechen president. Other senior Chechen officials argued that the rebels could no longer sustain intensive guerilla warfare and were acting from a position of weakness rather than good will. rather than suggest peace initiatives.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. the rebel website posted a video statement by Chechen warlord Shamil Basaev.Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov has followed up last week's unilateral ceasefire declaration by calling on Moscow to engage in peace talks and asking the international community to play a role in settling the conflict in Chechnya. It is based on a desire to remove "a certain vagueness" in the struggle against the terrorists and to enhance responsibility for what is happening with regard to certain officials in the leadership of the republic's law enforcement agencies. Not long before his death in May last year Akhmat Kadyrov came out with a similar initiative.had no control over the warlords. The Russian Foreign Ministry dismissed the claim in an official statement on Tuesday. Perhaps this is connected to the fact that the professionals are insisting on improving the Chechen police's professional standard and on training new. qualified personnel. Basaev has consistently threatened Russia with new major terrorist attacks. As of now the changes have affected only the commandants' offices in Chechnya -. Russian officials and Chechnya commentators have called the move a propaganda stunt to garner Western sympathies. All the federal forces deployed permanently in Chechnya should be operationally subordinate to the republican authorities. Moscow-backed Chechen president Alu Alkhanov responded to the rebel appeal on Tuesday by calling for Maskhadov to surrender.Gazeta) can perfectly well deal with them themselves. arguing that the rebels were international terrorists who must be eliminated. in which he denied rumors about his death that had been circulating in the Russian press over the past week. the Chechen president said. so far all these proposals are only being debated and no specific decisions have been made. but only after the conflict ended. The Russian Prosecutor's Office always keeps its ~ 31 ~ . (By Nabi Abdullaev in Moscow) Chechen President Calls on Maskhadov To Acknowledge Guilt Report by Yevgeny Sobetsky GROZNY. has regularly denounced Basaev’s violent methods.
and at present." Alkhanov said. Maskhadov had an opportunity to end the war and bring the republic back to peaceful construction. Chechen President Alu Alkhanov commented on Maskhadov's initiative to announce a unilateral cease-fire in the republic. Maskhadov never did that. have enough resources to carry out positive reforms until the logical end. and today all his initiatives can only be regarded as a publicity stunt. "The bandits have neither strength nor means to plunge Chechnya into a turmoil of a new war. Alkhanov said. [At 1221 GMT ITAR-TASS quoted Duma MP from Chechnya Akhmar Zavgayev as saying that the former president of the so-called Ichkeria." he was quoted by RIA-Novosti as saying. "We. "Maskhadov was late with peace proposals when Basayev launched war on Dagestan. Feb 2005 doors open to Maskhadov and his accomplices if they have a wish to repent their deeds. Alkhanov does not rule out that bandit formations might stage subversive and terrorist acts before and after February 22. holds deputy of the State Duma from the Chechen Republic. "These will be attempts to sting us but they cannot really change the situation. However." Alkhanov said. Shamil Basayev.Expresident of so-called Ichkeria Aslan Maskhadov is not his own man. 2005 (Itar-Tass) -. "I was reminded of an old truth: beware Greeks bearing gifts. and misery and suffering which he has brought into the republic in the past years. The Chechen president did not rule out the possibility that both before and after 22 February bandit groups will make attempts to stage terrorist acts and acts of sabotage. 8 February: Rather than putting forward peaceful initiatives." he believes. all his initiatives are taken merely as his wish to make the world remember him. Russian Politicians Against Talks With Chechen Leader Maskhadov Moscow ITAR-TASS in Russian 1058 GMT 08 Feb 05 [Excerpt] Moscow. "Maskhadov's statement about unilaterally ending hostilities is nothing more than a propaganda ploy in the information war launched by provocateur Udugov".] State Duma Deputy Says Maskhadov Depends on International Terrorism By Sergei Ovsiyenko MOSCOW. At 1035 GMT RIA-Novosti reported that Federation Council speaker Sergey Mironov is categorically against talks with Chechen rebels. The bandits have neither forces nor resources to "throw us off the course the republic is now following and plunge it into the abyss of a new war". conversely. [passage omitted: repeat of previous reports] He said Maskhadov had had a real opportunity "to prevent the second Chechen war if he had condemned [Chechen rebel commander Shamil] Basayev for his raid on Dagestan. February 8. as this is an attempt to lull vigilance. Alkhanov also said pre-emptive scheduled special operations were now under way in the republic to thwart attempts by leaders of bandit formations to stage serious terrorist acts. Preventive security checks have been held in Chechnya at present with the aim to frustrate warlords' plans to stage new serious terrorist acts in Chechnya. Alkhanov said." Alkhanov said. [Chechen rebel leader] Aslan Maskhadov should ask the Chechen people to forgive him for innocent victims. "The region's leader [Maskhadov] did not want to do so.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. rather than change the real situation. "Maskhadov had a real possibility to prevent a second Chechen war if he had condemned Basayev for invasion into Dagestan. He fully depends on international terrorism and its placeman in Chechnya. Akhmar Zavgayev. The Ichkeria regime channelled children's benefits and pensions of the aged for the training of terrorists in camps. Nonetheless. has not been such for a long time. the Chechen president dismissed possible terrorist acts as an attempt "to bite". in today's interview with ITAR-TASS. while we have enough power so as to bring the positive transformations in Chechnya to a logical end. ~ 32 ~ . "does not belong to himself" and is totally dependent on international terrorism and its operative in Chechnya. On the other hand. Mironov is not sure at all that Maskhadov "really controls anything in the Chechen Republic". Shamil Basayev. Nevertheless. Zavgayev told Tass on Tuesday." Alkhanov noted. In that way. He said that in the Chechen Interior Ministry and other law-enforcement bodies people are working in the knowledge that "they are following the right path". " Alkhanov said. it was not without Maskhadov's part that Arab mercenaries and Basayev started to train terrorists and saboteurs in Chechnya in mid-90s. Aslan Maskhadov. Zavgayev said. "Let him come and say if he has anything to tell about that. This is how.
for the simple reason that he can decide nothing and has no one under his command. so he is looking frantically for a way out of the corner into which he has driven himself. He claims that the Maskhadov initiatives have already sparked the interest of "influential European politicians" who are thoroughly determined to promote a resolution of the Chechen conflict. though." the State Council chair believes. to ask forgiveness of the Chechen people". He believes Maskhadov will hardly dare give himself up to law enforcement bodies . "For the moment I cannot be any more specific about this. Mr Maskhadov himself. he has already made another appeal to the Russian leadership and the world community in which he expresses readiness for political dialogue "without prior conditions. They were still not believed. In addition." Mr Khambiyev promised. According to Mr Khambiyev. "At any rate. however. At the same time the Ichkerian president once again invited the Russian leadership to negotiate. Zavgayev said. There was enthusiastic comment from Chechnya. there were no comments forthcoming from them yesterday. The Russian side's response was entirely predictable: His opponents not only rejected the very possibility of negotiations but also cast doubt on the genuineness of Maskhadov's "peace" order. since there is nothing he can decide. two fugitive rebel leaders offer to halt attacks and begin peace talks By Kim Murphy ~ 33 ~ . dependent on international terrorism. As a result Mr Maskhadov reaffirmed in his Kommersant interview that he really had signed the order and was now hoping for an "appropriate reaction" from the Russian side. But He Is Asked to Surrender"] [Text] Yesterday Russian and Chechen politicians were commenting on the Aslan Maskhadov interview published the day before in Kommersant. Alkhanov said. that would be the most sensible way out for him.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. can control the situation in the republic". the deputy said. and his promise to hand Shamil Basayev over to a tribunal is one he cannot keep." The pretext for the Aslan Maskhadov interview was his order to "the armed forces of Ichkeria" to unilaterally halt combat actions on and outside Chechen territory until the end of February. "I think that he (Maskhadov -Kommersant) has realized the hopelessness of his position. moreover. At least. "The do-gooders in the West would like Russia to get down to a negotiating table with Maskhadov. by contrast. "The door to the prosecutor's office and to any power structure is always open to Maskhadov and his accomplices if he wants to repent. Sides Differ on Sincerity of Chechen Rebel Leader's Peace Offer Moscow Kommersant in Russian 08 Feb 05 p 4 [Report by Musa Muradov: "Aslan Maskhadov Still Seeking Reconciliation." Russia Faces Chechen Cease-Fire Bid Amid international pressure on the Kremlin to end the fighting. As far as Aslan Maskhadov himself is concerned. Feb 2005 'Ichkeria' president showed once again that he was not his own man". he is still hoping to find a common language with the federal authorities. let him come and say this"." Kommersant's correspondent was told yesterday by Chechen State Council Chair Taus Dzhabrailov. the Chechen president said. but we are hoping that it will happen. the main question being if Maskhadov.so great his guilt to the Chechen people is. condemning his actions and promising to hand him over to the International Tribunal on Crimes Against Humanity. are entirely optimistic. said that Aslan Maskhadov should acknowledge his guilt to the Chechen people. Maskhadov spokespeople countered by claiming that the order was real and that their president's peace initiatives were absolutely sincere. Basayev and his accomplices will not allow this. "We have not received any proposals from the Russian side." Aslan Maskhadov's supporters. Chechen President Alu Alkhanov. the deputy said. All their comments came down to the view that Aslan Maskhadov has to give himself up and that he has nothing to negotiate about. declaring himself ready for dialogue "without prior conditions. "On the other hand. in his turn. Official Russian leadership spokespeople preferred not to notice yesterday's interview at all. the "commander of the Ichekerian armed forces" distanced himself clearly from Shamil Basayev. instead of advancing "peace initiatives". "If he has anything to say in this respect. But I have a lot of questions to ask them in this connection. made another appeal to Russia's leadership yesterday. as they need a sort of fetish in their criminal activities". but you will soon hear all about it. that by making such statements the "president of Ichkeria" is preparing the ground for a voluntary surrender. Mr Dzhabrailov suggested. Chechen President Alu Alkhanov expressed himself in the same vein: "There is nothing to negotiate with the Chechen separatists' leader about." the Ichkerian president's general representative Umar Khambiyev stated to Kommersant yesterday.
Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov confirmed Monday that he had ordered a unilateral ceasefire and appointed an emissary to attend peace talks on the conflict. "We finally figured out that peaceful appeals fell on deaf ears on Putin's side. The two announcements significantly upped the ante for Russia. "Without the moderate nationalists and autonomists to be heard and listened to." The date has significance for Russians and Chechens. Though Maskhadov has condemned terror attacks in recent months and threatened to put Basayev on trial. In 1944. is still a major holiday. formerly Red Army Day. the field commanders." said committee leader Valentina Melnikova. one needs the 'other side. blood will continue to be spilled for a long time yet. of the Council of Europe's political affairs committee drafted a resolution saying Russia had failed to distinguish between Chechen rebels advocating political dialogue and those instigating attacks. and Armed Services Day. which has killed tens of thousands of people since 1994. but the talks never took place. Maskhadov. elected in August in a Kremlin-supervised vote. told the newspaper Kommersant on Monday that he had ordered his field commanders to observe a cease-fire until Feb." the statement said. the war will end at the negotiating table. Russia faces an offer that politically is almost as difficult: an end to the fighting. he added. and officials Monday left no doubt that they would not take Maskhadov up on his cease-fire offer. the Parliamentary Assn. offered in October to meet with Maskhadov's envoy in Europe.' " Chechen President Alu Alkhanov. "it's all in the hands of God. a former president of Chechnya.' " the resolution concluded. That approach is "one of the big errors of Russian policy. Ramzan Kadyrov. Shamil Basayev. 2005 MOSCOW — After years of war in the separatist republic of Chechnya." said Yury Sharandin." Also last fall. 23 as the day the Red Army was founded in 1918. Russian television showed footage Monday of Maskhadov that it said was aired by Al Jazeera television two weeks after the Beslan siege in which he spoke glowingly of a dead Saudi believed to be Al Qaeda's envoy in Chechnya. "In order to make peace." Chechnya's deputy prime minister. told the Itar-Tass news agency. Putin has long refused to negotiate with separatist leaders. the upper house of parliament. which faces growing international pressure for a political solution to the war. The Soldiers' Mothers Committee. who accused them of collaborating with the invading Nazis. Across Russia. "Maskhadov doesn't represent anyone but himself. head of the constitutional legislation committee in the Federation Council. said last week that he would observe the cease-fire. said the ~ 34 ~ . Maskhadov said there were "very many … brothers from Arab countries" in Chechnya — an assertion that Russia considered proof of Maskhadov's Al Qaeda connections. only the most violent and criminal elements with links to international terrorism got a 'voice. so we had to address the other side. there has been growing discomfort with the conflict and mounting pressure to end it through negotiations. 22. "Since Putin believes that his political career is closely connected with the Chechen war. Chechens' deportation to Kazakhstan began that day on the orders of Josef Stalin. Only by doing so will he be able to prove that peace for the long-suffering land of Chechnya is not empty talk for him. After Feb. If our Kremlin opponents are reasonable. "The sole act of goodwill Maskhadov should take now is to lay down arms and set an example to others." Russia has offered a $10-million reward for the two leaders' captures. a rights group formed by Russian mothers whose sons have served in Chechnya. If not. Russians observe Feb. so there is nothing to discuss. Russia has held both responsible for suicide bombings and other attacks against Russian civilians. 22. It's one more invitation to the other side to sit down at the negotiating table. Another rebel leader. and his mercy is boundless. Moscow last week criticized British Channel 4's broadcast of Basayev declaring he also was "planning Beslan-type operations in the future. "It is a gesture of goodwill." he said. he doesn't want to hear anything about the termination of hostilities. President Vladimir V. Feb 2005 Times Staff Writer Los Angeles Times February 8. but we will reject any moral responsibility for this continued madness. who has claimed responsibility for the September assault on a school in the southern Russia town of Beslan that left 331 hostages dead.
" Chechen President Alu Alkhanov told journalists Saturday. The only response from federal authorities so far has been an announcement last Thursday by the Prosecutor General's Office that Maskhadov was being charged with complicity in organizing the hostage-taking raid on the Beslan school on Sept. but we will surrender moral responsibility for the continuation of this madness. The Russian leadership has repeatedly rejected Maskhadov's calls for peace talks in the past. Issue 3101. and urged their fighters to come out of the forests and lay down their arms. this does not mean that it is not being discussed in the Kremlin. Hundreds of former rebels have responded to past amnesties in Chechnya." He also called on the United States. The pro-Moscow government in Chechnya has rebuffed Maskhadov's call for peace talks. United Nations. for which Basayev assumed responsibility. casting doubt on how much real control he wields over Basayev and other rebel commanders. This. and we are ready to do whatever depends on us to make these people return to a normal peaceful life. Ramzan Kadyrov. "We are ready to talk to anyone who will approach us from the criminal circles and gangs. Unlike the Kremlin." to negotiate with the Kremlin. The Kremlin has so far made no statement on the unilateral cease-fire or appeal for peace talks. A spokeswoman for the presidential administration. Maskhadov was quoted in the Monday issue of Kommersant as saying that the one-month truce. should ultimately lead to peace talks with the Kremlin. 2005. who refused to give her name. Chechnya's pro-Moscow administration responded to Maskhadov's initiative by saying it was ready to talk to anyone but Maskhadov and Basayev. said the former ministers could not negotiate. saying the rebels are open for "real political dialogue with the Kremlin without any preliminary conditions. Usman Ferzauli." he said. February 8. as security officials in Abkhazia have claimed. "If not. More than 330 people. headed by his ally Umar Khambiyev. but his forces still stand to benefit from halting their attacks. Maskhadov's envoy in Copenhagen. died in the raid. with many of them later joining local police units notorious for their brutality and corruption." Maskhadov Raises Stakes in Chechnya By Nabi Abdullaev Staff Writer Moscow Times Tuesday. Feb 2005 European parliamentary body would participate in talks March 3 with the Chechen government and ex-ministers from Maskhadov's administration. Maskhadov also vowed to hand over Basayev -who has organized a series of terrorist attacks -to an international tribunal if he and the Kremlin negotiate an end to the conflict in Chechnya. The cease-fire allows his forces to rest and regroup during the winter. and the Kremlin has so far remained silent. Page 1 Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov on Monday followed up his declaration of a ceasefire with a call for the Kremlin to start peace talks and for the international community to play a part in settling the conflict." Maskhadov told the newspaper that he has already appointed a team. Chechnya's deputy prime ~ 35 ~ . about half of them children. too. "Nothing can come of such discussions. by allowing him to take the lead in the international propaganda war. when conditions are most difficult. Nothing seems likely to come from Maskhadov's appeals. 1. plays into Maskhadov's hands." he said by telephone. which he announced early last Thursday and which so far has appeared to be holding. said late Monday that although Putin has not made any public mention of Maskhadov's proposal. Council of Europe and European Union to "abandon the roles of extras and to get actively involved in the plan that we are proposing for settling the military and political conflict between Russia and Ichkeria.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. "The so-called representatives of the Maskhadov government in these discussions are in fact some former Chechen legislators who … have been recruited by the Kremlin to give this process an air of some serious consultations. whom he described as his "chief representative abroad. The Kavkaz Center web site posted a new statement by Maskhadov on Monday evening in which he calls on Russia to stop the bloodshed. the bloodshed will likely continue for a long time. It also would allow the rebels to restore a chain of command if radical warlord Shamil Basayev is indeed dead.
said Maskhadov is stalling for time." Kadyrov said in an interview on NTV television Monday. 2005 Text of report by Natalya Kozlova. head of Chechnya's State Council. Aslan Maskhadov's publicity stunt intended for the West". Syukiyainen. But. "Likewise. with an eye on those far removed from the daily realities of the Caucasus and Russia generally. Another two or three months." Dzhabrailov told Interfax on Monday. but it is getting back to normal." he said. ~ 36 ~ . Even in the few days of Maskhadov's "truce" 12 terrorist attacks have been averted. of the international community. First. Basayev's death has been reported by security officials in Abkhazia. When asked by Kommersant to confirm Basayev's death. which called on Moscow to begin talks with Maskhadov. Taus Dzhabrailov. said Vladimir Pribylovsky. as usual. head of the Panorama think tank. Maskhadov will win the war for the attention." Maskhadov realizes that his latest call for peace talks will most likely go unanswered. He said unless the Kremlin breaks its silence and at least repeats its earlier demands that Maskhadov order his forces to surrender and hand over terrorists. It is pointless talking to anyone living in or near Chechnya about the bandits' so-called peace moves. "Maskhadov's proposal is nothing more than an effort to demonstrate to many inside Chechnya and outside Russia that it is Moscow that is resisting peace talks. "Maskhadov is seeking any means to stall search operations in the mountainous parts of Chechnya. said Leonid Syukiyainen. an analyst with the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences." Syukiyainen said. and second. was filmed in early January. thus they need to achieve a break by any means possible to gather strength for new terrorist attacks.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Maskhadov's cease-fire declaration won instant praise from the American Committee for Peace in Chechnya. entitled "Confessional interview." One reason Russian officials have avoided the issue of Chechnya is that they are following Putin's lead. according to the Chechen rebel web site. Yet he is pushing the idea as a way to help repair the damage done to the rebels' cause by the Beslan raid. in Russian newspaper Rossiyskaya Gazeta on 8 February The Chechen separatist leader's interview has appeared at a very timely moment. why should he run ahead of the president?" Pribylovsky said. and many people might even have forgotten about Aslan Maskhadov. "Law enforcement agents and the security structures are virtually on the heels of Maskhadov and his people. The Foreign Ministry lodged an official protest with the British Foreign Office over the channel's Basayev interview. ACPC calls on Russian authorities to consider Maskhadov's call for peace and begin talks on a negotiated settlement. "Neither Maskhadov nor Basayev has the strength to conduct any actions in the Chechen republic. Basayev. The interview. has supported Maskhadov's cease-fire order. including Basayev. Feb 2005 minister. who cite his relatives living in the separatist Georgian republic. "If Putin does not think of the current situation as an opportunity. Britain's Channel Four television aired an interview with Basayev late Thursday. but the Ichkerian separatist leader's confessions are certainly not designed for "internal consumption" but for "external use". said the Kremlin should do more to make its position on Chechnya clear." the committee said in a statement circulated Friday. if not the sympathy. "In many places abroad. "The American Committee welcomes this initiative as yet another offer by President Maskhadov to end violence and renew dialogue toward a political resolution of the decade-long conflict. as a request for money. Chechen rebels are extremely active in portraying the conflict in Chechnya to their benefit. in which he promised more hostagetaking raids. Maskhadov would only note that reports of Basayev's death had surfaced five or six times over the past six years.United Kingdom. "Moscow needs to take the initiative away from them and offer its own detailed vision of the situation. everyone in his retinue thinks. Feb 11." Russian government paper dismisses Chechen rebels' truce offer BBC Monitoring Service . Life in Chechnya is hard and uneven. said the rebel leaders were negotiating from a position of weakness. as a reminder of himself as a leader who means something. this kind of PR shot is very much to the point. however.
what is the point of holding talks at all with someone who has no real power?" Kadyrov declared. The Prosecutor-General's Office itself has simply paid no attention to Maskhadov's interview and sees no need to comment on it. The snow blocking the passes and the constant avalanches practically rule out any movement through the mountains. and that in fact the interview is only the latest attempt to remind people that he exists." The fact that Maskhadov has suddenly begun to admit that he does not control Basayev or the other bandits is evidence of his desire to escape personal responsibility for the crimes that have been committed. first. "What kind of goodwill can we talk about when children. Then he concludes by promising. second. The Kremlin and pro-Moscow Chechen officials insisted. despite growing fears that the conflict is spreading to other regions in the North Caucasus. 2005 ASLAN MASKHADOV. And he still continues to be charged with crimes for which he is on the international wanted list. including Basayev. who will be responsible. All the commentaries that have appeared since the "order to halt combat actions" and the Maskhadov interview itself effectively say the same thing. naturally. if Maskhadov says that he has no control over those committing the terrorist attacks. women and peaceable citizens have died as a result of terrorism and sabotage in Groznyy. suggesting that Maskhadov simply lay down his arms and surrender to the authorities. Feb 2005 We learn from Maskhadov's interview that he wants to "avert a real threat. for the prosecutors Maskhadov remains someone charged in his absence under several "heavyweight" articles of the Criminal Code. the situation is really dire right now. To look good for the West. Aslan Maskhadov also mentioned the Prosecutor-General's Office. Moscow. in Russian 8 Feb 05 p 2 Chechen rebel in call for peace talks as ceasefire holds From Jeremy Page in Moscow Times-UK February 08. in the mountain regions of Chechnya where the gunmen are based. In response to the "truce" the leadership of Chechnya has again officially offered the former leader of the Ichkeria regime the opportunity to surrender. The president's plenipotentiary representative in the Southern Federal District. "You cannot help wondering who is going to carry out the directive if Maskhadov himself admits that the most odious field commanders. The only goodwill act that Maskhadov needs to accomplish right now is to lay down his arms himself and set an example to the others. In weather like this combat actions have always come to a halt in past years too. And Chechen Republic President Alu Alkhanov responded to Maskhadov's promise to bring Basayev to justice by saying that he does not trust his words. Beslan and Moscow? On the other hand. but it will be the Kremlin. All the current talk about a truce is actually only beneficial to the gunmen's leaders. Maskhadov disowns the bloodiest actions and even promises to present the International [Criminal] Tribunal with the heads of Shamil Basayev and any others involved in "crimes against humanity". and not he. are not under his command and are not part of the so-called armed forces of Ichkeria. thinks that Maskhadov is simply no more in control of the situation in Chechnya now than he was even when he was ensconced in Groznyy. Source: Rossiyskaya Gazeta. that they would not negotiate with a man they consider to be a terrorist. ~ 37 ~ . to take advantage of the respite to prepare for renewed terrorist attacks and murders. the Chechen rebel leader.no more and no less. As the end of winter approaches the bandits have one aim . including those in Beslan and Ingushetia.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. who are trying. Maskhadov. So who has been responsible up to now? If we discount the offer to hand Basayev over to international justice. So the interview and the "truce" are simply for Maskhadov's benefit from every aspect.to survive until spring so as to renew the terrorist onslaught when the "greenery" reappears. Indeed. As they themselves confirmed to Rossiyskaya Gazeta.. [ellipsis as published] to all the peoples of Russia and the Caucasus" . urged the Kremlin yesterday to begin talks to end a decade of conflict as local officials revealed that a ceasefire he ordered last week had been effective. saying that the investigators' charges do not trouble him.. Chechen First Deputy Prime Minister Ramzan Kadyrov said practically the same thing. the standard range of horrors: The war will go on and the bloodshed will continue long into the future. Ramzan Kadyrov observed. to draw attention to themselves around the world and. the interview is absolutely indistinguishable from statements that the gunmen's boss has been making throughout recent years. Dmitriy Kozak. Kadyrov thinks. as usual. Alkhanov is convinced that Maskhadov has no intention of handing Basayev over "dead or alive". however.
The ceasefire has effectively stopped the fiveyear-old war. Moscow has dismissed reports of a ceasefire as a publicity stunt. we can end this war at the negotiating table. Last week Shamil Basayev. Russian newspapers are carrying reports from unnamed officials indicating that Basayev has been killed. Yet he said that Mr Basayev’s decision to obey the ceasefire showed that he still had strong influence over rebels. women and civilians have died in terror attacks in Grozny. a former rebel who now dominates Chechnya’s pro-Moscow Government. releasing their own statement declaring that the ceasefire does not apply outside Chechen territory. in Moscow Irish Times. having said in the past it does not negotiate with a man it considers a terrorist. Ramzan Kadyrov. Shamil Basayev. dismissed Mr Maskhadov’s initiative. A spokesman for President Putin said that the Kremlin had not changed its policy of refusing to negotiate with Chechen rebel leaders. according to another version. since without attacks on Russian targets there is little for Moscow's forces to do but wait. Feb 2005 In an interview with Kommersant. Mr Maskhadov admitted that Mr Basayev was not under his formal command and repeated that he did not condone his terrorist tactics. But the pro-Moscow president of Chechnya. one week into their self-declared ceasefire in the province. a former provincial president. so-called Mujahadin forces in the neighbouring province of Dagestan have continued attacks. If the ceasefire holds. has called for Maskhadov. “If not." He repeated calls for a ceasefire. peace remains a distant goal with both sides at loggerheads over the future of the province. Moscow made no response. 2005 RUSSIA: Chechen rebels yesterday offered to hold direct talks with Moscow.” Mr Maskhadov. Mr Alu Alkhanov. “If reason triumphs among our Kremlin opponents. what’s the point of talks with someone with no real influence?” In his interview. and is reportedly offering to hand over his senior commander. the man blamed for last year's Beslan school atrocity. In answer to this. and has yet to comment on Maskhadov's ceasefire offer. The Chechen rebel leader said that he had chosen Umar Khambiyev. “And if Maskhadov says he doesn’t control the people behind the terrorism.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. The war-torn south Russian province is enjoying a rare period of calm since rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov declared the ceasefire last week. Feb 09. to surrender unconditionally to Russian authorities. But despite the current cessation of fighting. “How can there be goodwill when children. who is believed to be hiding in mountains in southern Chechnya. Rebel leaders have long said they must have independence. Chechen websites have released a video statement from Basayev saying he is alive and well and living in hiding. was elected President of the breakaway republic after Moscow sued for peace to end the first Chechen War in 1996. Speaking through his rebel website. then most likely blood will be spilt for a long time to come — but we will not be morally responsible for the continuation of this madness. and Moscow has refused to consider this option. the radical Chechen rebel leader responsible for the Beslan school siege last year. who is living in exile. The threat was given during an interview broadcast on Channel 4. threatened to stage more such attacks. it is likely to put more pressure on Moscow to enter into talks with the rebels. Maskhadov said Russia now has a historic chance to end the fighting: "If reason triumphs among our Kremlin opponents. from kidney failure. to an international court.” he said. a former Health Minister in his breakaway administration. Mr Maskhadov confirmed that he had ordered a ceasefire until February 22 as a “goodwill gesture” and said that he had appointed a top aide to conduct peace talks with Moscow. Chechen rebels offer to hold talks with Moscow Chris Stephen. Beslan and Moscow?” he said. Adding to the confusion. to lead the peace effort. ~ 38 ~ . but he was deposed when Vladimir Putin sent troops back to Chechnya when he was Prime Minister in 1999. a move long urged by the Council of Europe and European Union. we can end this war at the negotiating table. backed by international monitors. either in a gun battle between rival factions or. the Russian newspaper. which has been criticised by the Russian Government.
Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures, Feb 2005
military commandant's office. Maskhakov's reasoning for the ceasefire remains unclear. Rebel forces remain in the field, and there is no apparent weakness in their capabilities. Chechen militants ignore Maskhadov order MOSCOW, February 9, 2005 (Itar-Tass) According to the information of the military commandant’s office in Chechnya, the order of Aslan Maskhadov, ex-leader of the “Ichkeria regime,” on the termination of combat operations is being ignored by the militants. The number of shootings and acts of subversion is not being reduced all over Chechnya. “The intensity of shooting at the positions of the federal troops was not reduced over the past three days. Some 15 to 20 cases of shooting are registered every day,” a representative of the military commandant’s office told Itar-Tass. Lieutenant General Grigory Fomenko, military commandant of the Chechen Republic, officially confirmed that men of the illegal armed groups continued to fire at areas of deployment and positions of the federal troops and to stage acts of terrorism against the civilian population of the republic. “The statement of Maskhadov, the leader of Chechen extremists, on the termination of combat operations in Chechnya, is of no importance whatsoever for members of illegal armed groups. Only one conclusion could be drawn from it: Maskhadov does not control the situation, and most gangs do not take orders from him,” General Fomenko told Itar-Tass. “It is high time Maskhadov realised that his time in Chechnya is over, and that he is no longer his own master. He fully depends on international terrorism,” he added. In his opinion, the statements of the leaders of Chechen extremists about some “centralised control over the actions of militants” do not hold water. General Fomenko stressed that men of the federal troops continued to stage special operations in Chechnya, aimed at detecting and destroying the militants, as well as at finding home-made explosive devices laid by them. Chechen separatist leader unable to control rebels - Russian federal source BBC Monitoring Service - United Kingdom; Feb 09, 2005 Chechen rebels are ignoring their leader Aslan Maskhadov's decree on a cease-fire, ITAR-TASS reported on 9 February, quoting the Chechen "The amount of gunfire and sabotage against the military is not decreasing in Chechnya," an office representative said. "During the last three days the intensity of fire aimed at federal forces has not been reduced, rebels are opening fire about 15-20 times a day," the representative added. Members of illegal armed formations are continuing to fire at the positions of federal forces and committing terrorist attacks against civilians, military commandant Lt-Gen Grigoriy Fomenko said, officially confirming the information. "The statement made by Ichkerian extremist leader Maskhadov is an empty phrase for the rebels," Fomenko told ITAR-TASS. "There is only one conclusion to be drawn from this. Maskhadov does not control the situation in the republic, most of the armed groups do not obey him." "Maskhadov should have understood long ago that his time in Chechnya is past and that he is not his own man. He is fully dependant on international terrorism," Fomenko said. Statements made by extremists' leaders to the effect that they exercise centralized control of the rebels cannot be taken seriously, Fomenko added. Federal forces continue carrying out special targeted activities aimed at looking for and eliminating rebels, as well as finding home-made explosive devices, Fomenko said. In a separate report, in Russian, at 0747 gmt on 9 Feb 05, RIA news agency reported, quoting the Regional operational HQ in charge of Russia's counterterrorist operation in the North Caucasus, that federal forces had prevented a series of major terrorist attacks. "Earlier law-enforcers received a tip-off that rebels were preparing a series of terrorist attacks on highways in Urus-Martanovskiy District, aimed at civilians," a representative of the HQ said. As a result of operations aimed at checking the tip-off, a hidden rebel cache was found at a distance of 100 m from the road between UrusMartan and Alkhan-Yurt. The cache contained six home-made explosive devices, made from largecalibre shells, as well as 200-gram TNT blocks. "The explosives amount to 11 kg of TNT," the representative said. Investigators are taking measures to find those
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Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures, Feb 2005
involved in preparations for the attacks. Source: ITAR-TASS news agency, Moscow, in English 0725 gmt 9 Feb 05 CHECHEN REBELS HAND THE ANTIWAR MOVEMENT AN OLIVE BRANCH AS THE KREMLIN TIGHTENS THE SCREWS By Andrei Smirnov The Jamestown Foundation CHECHNYA WEEKLY: News and Analysis on the Crisis in Chechnya 9 February 2005 - Volume VI, Issue 6 Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov's ceasefire order has forced the Russian authorities to change their information policy. Almost immediately after the news of the ceasefire order was made public, security officials who usually insist that there has been no war in Chechnya for a long time started telling the press a new story. Vladimir Bulgakov, the Russian Ground Troops Deputy Commander, told Gazeta.ru on February 3 that the rebels "ambush our columns and attack our checkpoints almost every day." Meanwhile, Maskhadov's London-based envoy, Ahmed Zakaev, said that another objective of the ceasefire order was to give an olive branch to anti-war forces in Russia. Since the start of the second Chechen war, rebels have been trying to find partners in Russia with whom they could cooperate in search for a peaceful solution of the conflict. In 1999-2000, Maskhadov tried to use Georgian Chechens (Kistins) working in his staff to establish ties with Russian politicians with a Georgian background. However, both Yevgeny Primakov, who was born in the Georgian capital of Tbilisi and was one of the most influent Russian political leaders of that time, and Igor Ivanov, the former foreign minister and current Security Council secretary who was born in Pankisi Gorge, refused to have anything to do with Maskhadov's envoys. Ivan Rybkin, the leader of the so-called "Party of Peace" during the first Chechen war, was ready to help but had by that time almost completely lost his influence. Having failed with politicians, Maskhadov's people tried to get in touch with the business community. However, an aide to Anatoly Chubais, head of the Russian state-owned power grid, Unified Energy Systems (UES), also refused to deal with the Chechens (see Grani.ru, August 16, 2001). Getting no response from the Russian elite, the rebels began to appeal to the Russian public. The Kavkazcenter website started publishing articles by Russian journalists who sympathized with the rebels' struggle for independence, while Akhmed
Zakaev, Umar Khambiev and other separatist emissaries met in Europe with some independent Russian journalists and NGO leaders like Anna Politkovskaya and Andrei Mironov. Finally, in late 2004, the Soldier's Mothers Committee agreed to talk to Zakaev in Belgium. Belgian authorities, however, refused to give visas to the committee's representatives, and would not give Ahmed Zakaev permission to enter the country. It was clear that the government of Belgium had nothing against these peace talks but was forced to stop them under strong pressure from the Kremlin. While the Chechens are desperately looking for somebody in Russia with whom they could talk about peace, Russian authorities are doing exactly the opposite – blocking all peace initiatives coming from the public. Occasionally, President Vladimir Putin threatens human rights and anti-war activists, branding all those who are in favor of talks with Maskhadov "terrorist accessories." But Russian authorities fully practice what they preach, suppressing Chechen NGOs and quelling protests against the war. Last year, Fatima Gazieva, a member of The Echo of War, a Chechen peace-building organization, was detained by Chechen police and Federal Security Service (FSB) officers in Chechnya under the pretext that she was allegedly recruiting women to become suicide bombers (see Prague Watchdog, September 3, 2004). After massive protests from the international human-rights community, security agencies were forced to release her. At the same time, in Ingushetia, the local prosecutor's office accused the Chechnya Committee of National Salvation of organizing "propaganda of extremism" by disseminating press-releases on human rights violations in Chechnya (see Civitas.ru, October 25, 2004). Libhan Bazaeva, a leader of the Ingushetian branch of the Memorial human rights center, had to leave Russia for Germany after receiving several threats from the FSB. Imran Ezhiev, a leader of the Russian-Chechen Friendship Society, also left Russia after several arrests, kidnappings and assassination attempts. However, the repression is not confined only to the North Caucasus region. Last February 23, Moscow authorities banned a rally against the war in Chechnya on Lubyanka Square. The site of the rally was surrounded by special police officers, and two leaders of the protest, Oleg Khramov and Lev Ponomarev, were detained. The authorities also banned an anti-war picket on March 11, 2004. Those who took part in the picket were arrested that day. Activists of peace-building organizations, who are traditionally more cautious and usually do not sharply criticize the Kremlin's policy toward Chechnya, have had problems in their work as
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Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures, Feb 2005
well. Last March, the Russian Embassy in London refused to grant a Russian visa to Lord Judd, the former rapporteur of the European Parliament on Chechnya. The Yalta Initiative for Peace in Chechnya, a coalition of peace-building organizations, had invited him to visit Moscow. He was to award peace prizes for peace-building activities in the North Caucasus. The year 2005 started with much harsher measures against some activists of the anti-war movement. The Nizhny Novgorod regional prosecutor's office launched a criminal case against a newspaper published by the Russian Chechen Friendship Society under Article 280 of the Russian Criminal Code, which prohibits "calls for forcible change of the Russian Federation's constitutional system." The FSB questioned Stanislav Dmitrievsky, chief editor of the RussianChechen Friendship Society's Information Center, about two appeals by Aslan Maskhadov and Ahmed Zakaev that had been published in the newspaper (see Chechnya Weekly, January 26). The FSB also questioned everyone who works in or used to work in the organization. Furthermore, officers confiscated the list of Society members working in Chechnya as correspondents for its Information Center (see RCFS, press-release # 1133, February 3). On January 20, police in Moscow detained Pavel Luzakov, the editor-in-chief of a semiunderground newspaper called Svobodnoe slovo. Luzakov is famous for his article published on the Kavkazcenter website in which he called the Russian troops fighting in Chechnya "occupiers" and accused Vladimir Putin of "genocide of the Chechen nation" (see Prima-news.ru, January 21). The Russian government's pressure on the antiwar movement shows that the Kremlin is not interested in a real peace process. Human rights activists and peace-builders can only rely on the support of the Russian public and the opposite side in the conflict. Commenting on the interview with Aslan Maskhadov published in Kommersant on February 7, Lev Ponomarev, a leader of the Russian human rights community, said "one could expect that Vladimir Putin would not pay any attention to the words of Maskhadov, but our task is to find a form of public support in Russia for Maskhadov's statement" (See Newsru.com, February 7). Anti-war activists believe that public support of the rebels' initiative would strengthen the position of those people around Putin who believe that it is time to end the Chechen war. One can only guess who those people are, but some analysts, like Aleksei Malashenko of the Carnegie Center, believe they do exist. Dagestan poised to become major guerilla battlefield this summer
Jamestown Foundation Eurasia Daily Monitor Wednesday, February 9, 2005 -- Volume 2, Issue 28 MASKHADOV'S CEASEFIRE OBEYED IN CHECHNYA, NOT IN DAGESTAN On January 15, the Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov issued a special order to stop all military operations both inside and outside Chechnya until the end of February (EDM, February 4; Caucasus Times, February 4). According to an officer at the commandant's headquarters in Chechnya, there have been no reports of assaults or bombings against federal forces thus far. "The militants seem to have taken a break," he noted (Caucasus Times, February 4). Radio Liberty and Reuters also have reported that the military situation in the Chechnya became unexpectedly calm at the beginning of February. A February 6 press release by the Command of the Federal Troops in Chechnya commented, "For the last 24 hours the situation was comparatively quiet (newsru.com, February 6). However, the Russian military command distrusts Maskhadov's "goodwill gesture." An unnamed officer from the Russian Ministry of Defense called Maskhadov's peace initiative "wolf tricks." He continued, "They [the rebels] talk about peace, and at the same time use the pause to regroup their forces" (Gazeta, February 7). The federal command seems rather frightened by Maskhadov's order. The Russian-Chechen Friendship Society reported that, on February 4, a convoy of 207 military vehicles and armored personnel carriers entered Chechnya from neighboring Ingushetia (RCFS Press Release No. 1140, February 6). In his latest interview with Kommersant, Maskhadov bluntly answered a question about what he and his comrades would do if the Kremlin continues to reject peace talks. He explained that Chechen winters typically end in February, and traditionally the rebels become more active when spring arrives (Kommersant, February 7). Thus, Maskhadov has given Russian President Vladimir Putin an ultimatum: either stop the war or prepare for trouble in the North Caucasus this summer. According to Jamestown Foundation sources in Moscow, Dmitry Kozak, Putin's envoy to the Southern Federal District, has submitted a report on the outlook for the North Caucasus in 2005. The report says that the coming summer campaign will be even more difficult than in 2004, which included a raid on Ingushetia in June and an attack on Grozny on August 23.
~ 41 ~
who claims that the gunmen "are operating as before". This convenient timing suggests that the insurgents might have high-placed agents inside the local police (Vremya novostei. and Chechen First Deputy Prime Minister Ramzan Kadyrov. police special-task force units -. February 4)." Alkhanov declared. On February 4. killing several dogs in the explosion (newsru. Feb 09. and one soldier and another policeman were wounded. Despite the fact that federal troops and local police taskforces managed to destroy rebel cells in the cities of Makhachkala and Kaspiisk (see EDM. Moscow has made no reaction to this "goodwill gesture" as Maskhadov claims. The separatists appear to believe that the only way they can force the Kremlin to the negotiating table is by turning the largest Caucasus republic into another war zone. Sharia Jamaat noted that Maskhadov's order only mentioned Chechnya and Russia. When announcing the February truce and his readiness to sit down at the negotiating table. however. On February 5. Dagestan security officials again launched largescale anti-terrorist sweeps. January 31). saying that all of them would be regarded as spies and detained (kavkazcenter. Aslan Maskhadov was addressing not Chechnya's current leaders but "Russia's leadership and the world community". The statement warned locals against hunting in the mountains.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. militants bombed the police K9 training center. 2004). According to Yufo news. rebels bombed the car of Alisultan Alkhamatov. When the police came to investigate. Omarov had coordinated all major anti-insurgent operations in the republic. The reconnaissance group stepped on a mine. According to Vremya novostei. giving away their position to rebels hiding nearby (yufo. the attacks are now focused on Makhachkala. February 2). On January 31.ru." Kadyrov stressed. One policeman was killed. according to a statement they disseminated yesterday. Feb 2005 However. they would continue to fight (Kavkazcenter. but this day he was in an ordinary car because his Mercedes was being repaired. and. As proof he cites an incident in which a fortified checkpoint on the Kavkaz highway was fired on by a passing Niva car on Monday evening [7 ~ 42 ~ . January 31). The insurgents are using increasingly creative urban warfare tactics. January 19).com. Alu Alkhanov. Instead of this the republic's president. since the Dagestan insurgents do not recognize Dagestan as part of the Russian Federation. 2005 Text of report by Andrey Riskin in the Russian newspaper Nezavisimaya Gazeta on 9 February The Chechen leadership does not intend to hold talks with Ichkeria President Aslan Maskhadov. possibly to make the Russian authorities more cooperative. killing him in the shootout. the group of Dagestan militants known as Sharia Jamaat issued a statement saying that the rebels were waiting for Maskhadov to issue a special ceasefire order regarding Dagestan.started to comb the mountain area near Makhachkala where the rebels usually hide. "Maskhadov can give himself up tomorrow. Russian soldiers from the brigade were not familiar with the terrain and became lost in the mountains. Alkhamatov was in an armored car and managed to survive (RIA-Novosti.United Kingdom. The only reaction from federal structures has been a statement from a "high-ranking military man" at the Joint Troop Grouping headquarters in Khankala. the militants issued a statement accusing hunters of providing information to security officials about the location of the rebel bases. militants ambushed a motorcade for Magomed Omarov. Also on February 2. Omarov usually traveled in an armored Mercedes. February 7). the capital of Dagestan. The operation was also badly coordinated. Dagestan may well become the main North Caucasus battlefield between Russian troops and rebels this summer. Dagestan's deputy interior minister. the acting head of the administration of Khasavurt region. Unlike Omarov. they were blown up by a booby trap installed at the building's entrance (RIA-Novosti.com. June 24. There are no doubts that the insurgents will continue to expand their activities. police received an anonymous tip about armed persons hiding in an apartment building in Makhachkala. have. Two days later. They currently form small guerrilla groups in Khasavurt region and then travel to Makhachkala (Rossiiskaya gazeta. Faced with the strengthening insurgency. the federal troops were poorly prepared and the operation failed completely. In Makhachkala on February 2.backed by the 102th Military Brigade -. February 4). "There can be no question of any talks with people who are implicated in bloody crimes against society. Sharia Jamaat is accumulating good success rates with guerilla warfare and sees no reason for its members to lay down arms. February 6). On February 6.com. told Maskhadov to give himself up. --Andrei Smirnov Russian pundit says Chechen truce call masks plans for further violence BBC Monitoring Service . the rebels did not stop all their military operations.
This humane step from the Chechen side is dictated only by one desire: to prevent the real threat not only to our people. For almost six years the federal centre has actively pursued a policy of squeezing Maskhadov out of the legitimate realm and creating a new Chechen elite. which long ago left the boarders designated by the Kremlin.Maskhadov's people. Practice shows that the separatist leaders keep their word. "The logic is clear: We invited you to the negotiating table. Showing adherence to peace. statements like that issued by the Ichkeria president are made when serious combat action to end this truce is in preparation. "Having said that." Nezavisimaya Gazeta was told by Merkator group head Dmitriy Oreshkin. On the other hand. in Russian 9 Feb 05 p 4 The Application of the President of the Chechen Republic Ichkeria Aslan Mashadov to the Management of Russia and the World Community Kavkaz-Center 2005-02-10 00:14:09 According to my order the Military Forces of the Chechen Republic Ichkeria since February. pernicious processes with unpredictable consequences for all peoples of the Caucasus and Russia." Dmitriy Oreshkin believes. the attackers escaped. 1. if there is no real chance of securing a "second Khasavyurt" [the 1996 agreement that brought an end to the first Chechen conflict] people speak of a truce when they need a respite. Basayev's people or a gang under nobody's command. Maskhadov is presumably perfectly well aware that there will be no reaction from the federal centre to his call for talks. including his promise to hand over Shamil Basayev to an international tribunal. Especially as this is by no means the first such initiative. 2005. 'lick their wounds. the Armed forces of the Chechen state are ready to show the will to the peace and call the United Nations. Chechens. the management of the Chechen Republic Ichkeria once again appeals to the management of the Russian Federation and declares: "It is enough bloodshed! We. you refused. In such a complex military-political situation when the Russo-Chechen war becomes a detonator of uncontrollable. It is not known who the criminals were . is entirely understandable. As usual. the reason of which is the bloody war in the Chechen Republic proceeding for the sixth year. we must accept the forecast of the military. resurrected the next) would be legitimized and the "newly appointed" Chechen elite would be out of a job. Moscow. dead one moment dead." The harsh reaction from Chechnya's leaders to Maskhadov's recent moves. And a serious threat. offered by ~ 43 ~ . Confirming the adherence to civilized methods of the solving of disputable political problems between the Russian Federation and the Chechen Republic . This new elite absolutely does not want a negotiating process between the separatist leaders and Moscow. I have considered it to be my human debt to undertake the maximum of efforts to prevent the future chaos and to call the Russian party to stop this war at the table of negotiations. As a man with great political experience. deep processes taking place today in the ancient Caucasus and inevitably leading this unique region to a catastrophe in greater scales are already obvious. "Presumably once this call has been ignored by the federal centre. One policeman died as a result and four were wounded. Feb 2005 February]. we cannot rule out the possibility that the checkpoint was shot up by Ramzan Kadyrov's people in order to show everybody that Maskhadov is not in control of the situation. EU.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. the management of the Chechen Republic Ichkeria appeals also to the world community and declares: "The President and the Government of the Chechen Republic Ichkeria. who stated yesterday that "from the military viewpoint Maskhadov's statement gives the gunmen an opportunity to replenish their food stocks. Therefore. CE and the governments of the democratic countries of Europe and the USA to change the pose of supernumeraries and to join the plan. are open for real political dialogue with the Kremlin without preconditions". Those complicated.' warm themselves up and go back to committing terrorist acts. sadly. there will be another powerful blow to the prestige of the Russian authorities. unilaterally stopped all kinds of operations of offensive character in the territories of the Chechen Republic and the Russian Federation for one month. but also all peoples of Russia and Caucasus . Because in that case Maskhadov (let us leave aside the odious Basayev." Source: Nezavisimaya Gazeta." Indeed. It is a serious warning. "This shooting incident proves yet again that Maskhadov is not in control of the situation. so this is what you get. unfortunately.
have launched their peaceful PR campaign. Basayev and Berezovsky. as mountain paths are snowed under and it is impossible to deliver ammunition and food. whom London helps to escape Russian justice. Maskhadov is sincere about his peace initiative. considering it to be a trap. and by representatives of the Human Rights Movement and the Memorial human rights centre. the human rights activists think. radical groups of fighters will come to replace the moderate wing of separatists. announces that Chechen militants have acquired a portable nuclear bomb. promising new Beslans and at the same time announcing his willingness to observe the ceasefire. [Presenter] May I remind you that you can read the text of the letter in today's edition of the Novaya Gazeta newspaper." ~ 44 ~ . Neither do Russians.United Kingdom. it will display weakness and may lose the support of its allies in the Caucasus. Bush will certainly not ask Mr. declares a unilateral ceasefire and even appoints an envoy for urgent talks with the Kremlin. An opportunity may now have arisen to save many thousands of lives.in-Chief of the Military Forces of the CRI Russian human rights activists urge Putin to talk to Chechen "moderates" BBC Monitoring Service . There was most likely no order. So February is a traditional "vacation period" for terrorists. Feb 10. Aslan MASHADOV. Moscow and other cities. Hostilities in Chechnya are impossible at this time of the year. Berezovsky with his news that the militants possess nuclear weapons. (RIA Novosti political commentator Vladimir Simonov. who supports them. Moscow. The Supreme Commander.Aslan Makhadov. because even if the ceasefire were ordered. This once again proves that Mr. This suggests that although Mr. Putin what he thinks about Mr. So Mr. and to begin talks with Maskhadov on a political peace settlement. 2005 Text of report by Russian Ekho Moskvy radio on 10 February [Presenter] Human rights activists have sent an open letter to President Vladimir Putin. appears on British television and on the Internet. The bluff with the ceasefire has come in the runup to Vladimir Putin's Bratislava meeting with George Bush later this month. but "now not with a mountaineer's dagger.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. expresident of the self-proclaimed Chechen republic of Ichkeria. but certainly not the Kremlin. It is during this period of reluctant inactivity that Messrs. Shamil Basayev. the human rights activists write. Should the Kremlin agree to talks with the Chechen terrorists who masterminded the atrocities in Beslan. If the Russian authorities disregard Aslan Maskhadov's call. in Russian 0900 gmt 10 Feb 05 CAN WE BELIEVE MASKHADOV'S INITIATIVES? 2005-02-10 18:18 MOSCOW. Militant camps are easily spotted against the snow from helicopters. the two leaders will most probably discuss the outlook for Russia's fight against terrorists in the Caucasus. Boris Berezovsky. The exiled tycoon claims that "reliable sources" have told him that they are able to start hostilities all over Russia. Mr. Here is Nadezhda Pravdina with the details: [Correspondent] Mr President. Lyudmila Alekseyeva. Maskhadov's proffered hand to the Kremlin is a theatrical gesture meant to impress the West. militants have been ignoring it. And do not forget about Mr. Maskhadov.) . This cannot but be taken up at the summit. The open letter to President Putin was signed by the head of the Moscow Helsinki Group. The idea of a truce has been raised before. but by attacking nuclear power plants and strategic facilities. The authors urge Putin to begin talks with the moderate wing of the Chechen separatists. Maskhadov has lost his influence on local warlords. It is a trap for Moscow. The president of the Chechen Republic Ichkeria. the most bloodthirsty of the Chechen warlords. Coincidence or coordinated campaign? The Kremlin does not believe that Mr. They ask President Putin to respond to the cease-fire announced by [separatist leader] Aslan Maskhadov. Terrorist attacks in Chechnya and neighboring Dagestan continue. Source: Ekho Moskvy radio. They all made their statements at almost the same time. Maskhadov comes up with it every time the West seems more inclined to support the Kremlin in its fight against Chechen terrorism. Feb 2005 us on the peace settlement of military-political crisis between Russia and Ichkeria more actively". Maskhadov's proposal. peace talks with the moderate wing of the fighters are virtually the only way of preventing Chechnya from turning into another front in the clash between Islamic radicalism and the Western civilization.
" he said. including the 2002 seizure of 800 hostages in a Moscow theater and last September's school siege in Beslan that left 331 people dead. "These nuclear bombs are no longer produced. "I believe this statement is utter rubbish. Feb 2005 The Russian Foreign Ministry has flatly rejected the idea that the militants may have gone nuclear." Mr. "The only real salvation for such people is to give ~ 45 ~ . the notorious Chechen field commander who has claimed responsibility for many terror strikes against Russia. a coordinator of the non-proliferation program at the Carnegie Moscow Center. Basayev declared: "We are planning more Beslan-type operations in future because we are forced to do so." Major General Valery Dvorkin." says Alexander Iskanderyan. told Ekho Moskvy radio. Alkhanov said the only issue he is willing to discuss with rebel leaders is their surrender. warning that such sensations are designed to spread a sense of vulnerability and nervousness in Russia. Russian experts have not taken the news seriously either." Russia's Foreign Ministry quickly denied that. half of them children. Mr.perhaps as early as this May . "Even if they do have the device it will be almost impossible to make it work and detonate a nuclear explosion. but we know they have had access to radioactive substances in the past. "Some part of it is missing at the moment." Calm before the Chechen storm? Rebels urge Russia to peace talks before Feb. "They probably don't have a real nuclear weapon. 22. Vladimir Yevseyev. a senior fellow of the International Security Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences. this war will end at the negotiating table. A dirty bomb could make part of a Russian city uninhabitable for 100 years. and urged Russian leaders to take up the offer to talk before the cease-fire expires on Feb. or an artificial lull before a fresh storm of Beslan-style terrorist assaults? Few see much hope of ending the Chechen war. a PR stunt. In an interview broadcast by Britain's Channel 4 News this month. President Vladimir Putin appears determined to stay his chosen course. 2005 edition MOSCOW – A surprise unilateral cease-fire ordered by two top Chechen rebel commanders has Moscow abuzz with debate. Chechnya's rebel president-inhiding." Aslan Maskhadov. which involves signing a treaty with the Kremlin's handpicked Chechen leader Alu Alkhanov ." Though the Kremlin has not responded to Mr. and the Chechen militants do not have them. many experts see only an escalating cycle of violence in the offing." he concluded. "The situation in Chechnya is currently at a dead end. "Negotiations with those who have engaged in bloody crimes against society are absolutely out of the question. director of the independent Center for Caucasian Studies. "If not. both Russia and the US have rejected them. in a rare interview published Monday. "It is a portable nuclear bomb. and pro-Moscow Chechen forces sit down together to seek a settlement. is it a genuine chance for peace. unless there is a political breakthrough that sees the Kremlin. a Moscow-based security expert. the separatist rebels. saying that all Soviet-made "suitcase bombs" are accounted for. But amid reports that the rebels could have acquired a nuclear device or radiological weapons.that will lock Chechnya into Russian permanently. which had been announced last month on a rebel website but went largely unnoticed. in Yerevan. Maskhadov's peace overture. "This threat is very real. called attention this week to the selfimposed cease-fire. blood will continue to be spilled for a long time but we will reject any moral responsibility for this continued madness. but these are small details. saying that mini bombs from the late 1980s had a limited service life that would have already expired. 22 cease-fire deadline By Fred Weir | Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor from the February 11." he told the Moscow daily Kommersant. "If our Kremlin opponents are reasonable." The cease-fire was endorsed by Shamil Basayev." he maintains. now well into its sixth year." says Pavel Felgenhauer. He portrayed the move as an olive branch to get peace negotiations started. We may expect anything after the cease-fire ends.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. but I see little hope of change there. "The key to its solution is in the Kremlin. Experts are asking. He said that a "nuclear case" needs numerous ciphers and codes to work." That threat gained ominous traction this week when self-exiled Russian tycoon Boris Berezovsky said a "Chechen businessman" had once offered to sell him a miniature nuclear weapon stolen from former Soviet stockpiles. Berezovsky said. "Chechen separatists to not have a portable nuclear device. pro-Moscow Chechen leader Mr. which means they would have to be built again. agreed with him. Armenia." with deadly radioactive materials wrapped around conventional explosives. But independent experts say Chechen militants may well have the means to produce a "dirty bomb.
with destroyed cities and industry." The pro-Moscow Chechen government insists that reconstruction of the war-torn republic has made great strides. among other outlets. The Kremlin's "policy of Chechenization of the conflict has failed and the situation in the republic has grown much worse. and thereby in a pointed way dissociating himself not only from him." But according to Malik Saidulayev. "Maskhadov is just one of the leaders of the Chechen resistance. which was published by Novaya gazeta and the Grani. on February 10 President Putin met in the Kremlin with the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. elected in Chechnya's only internationally recognized polls in 1997. it is spreading to the rest of the Caucasus region. "[The cease-fire] may be just an attempt to show he's still relevant. who are prepared to use the Chechen conflict and terror for fascization of the country." The letter's signatories warned that if the war continues. and Father Gleb Yakunin. the greater the chance for a peaceful settlement in principle. will grow even faster. but from the whole radical wing of the [separatist] fighters. "A war severe and terrible. The conclusion from this is clear: the earlier an intelligible political dialogue between the Russian authorities and the moderate wing of the Chechen resistance begins.the political leader of the Chechen resistance. on February 9. Sergei Kovalev. "The war is not ending. Russia is in fact in a state of war in Chechnya. which usually reports peace and order prevailing in Chechnya." Negotiating with the moderates in the resistance is practically the only way "to prevent Chechnya from turning into another front in the confrontation between Islamist radicalism and Western civilization. no longer controls rebel forces and is a fading force. as will the "radicalization of the civilian population. Feb 2005 themselves up and confess their crimes. Some experts say that Maskhadov. or prospect for peace in Chechnya. and. Iskanderyan. the role of ultra-nationalists in Russian politics.Volume 2. to give the order for a ceasefire in Chechnya and to organize a delegation for the start of negotiations with Maskhadov about a peaceful political settlement. 1." read the letter. "We will listen with respect and react to an ~ 46 ~ . among others. the role of Islamic radicals among the Chechen separatists would continue to grow. and Yuri Samodurov of the Andrei Sakharov Museum." says Mr. order. with tens of thousands killed. "Mr. President. Oleg Orlov of the Memorial human rights center." The letter concludes." he says." There is doubt about whether the cease-fire. Issue 30 RIGHTS GROUPS ASK PUTIN TO TALK TO "MODERATE" REBELS A group of leading human rights activists. At a Moscow press conference this week. February 11. [guarantor] of the right to life." "The radicals are absolutely not interested in a peaceful settlement. there is no security.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. a Moscowbased businessman and Chechen community leader. Louise Arbour. guarantor of the constitutional rights of Russian citizens." But 17 prominent Russian human rights activists issued a statement Wednesday warning that Chechnya was turning into an "eternal conflict" and urging the Kremlin to take up the offer for negotiations as "practically the only way of stopping Chechnya's transformation into yet another front in the confrontation between radical Islam and Western civilization. In these days a new opportunity for a way out of this bitter war has appeared -.ru website. though there is little independent information. not only ordered a unilateral ceasefire. This historic opportunity should in no way be missed." they wrote. recognizing him as deserving of an international tribunal. is holding. Alkhanov said the treaty being drafted will settle the conflict by granting Chechnya some economic autonomy "within the federal constitution. 2005 -. quoted Russian commanders Thursday saying there have been up to 20 rebel attacks each day this week.with a three year. "At the same time. Aslan Maskhadov. have sent an open letter to Russian President Vladimir Putin calling on him to accept Chechen separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov's call for peace talks. very conditional break." The open letter was also signed by Novaya gazeta correspondent Anna Politkovskaya. including Soviet-era dissidents Lyudmila Alexeyeva. hundreds of thousands maimed. even if it is on the most advantageous terms for the secular wing of the separatists. and not even the strongest. but also denounced the actions of [rebel warlord Shamil] Basaev. above all. Russia's official ITAR-Tass agency. which was to take effect Feb." Activists want Chechen peace talks while Putin wants "objectivity" Jamestown Foundation Eurasia Daily Monitor Friday. "For more than ten years -. Meanwhile. we call on you as commander-in-chief. Lev Ponomarev and Yuli Rybakov of the For Human Rights movement.
" Utro. touched on the extremely painful issue of Chechnya. Briefing reporters about the president's meeting with Arbour. Lukin said. 6. "The siloviki who have come to power in the country have begun battling the opposition in a crude way and are fabricating criminal cases against political opponents. No. they allege. "I will personally speak [to her] about how the human rights situation has catastrophically worsened recently. too. --Charles Gurin IS IT TOO LATE FOR PEACE TALKS IN CHECHNYA? RFE/RL Caucasus Report Vol. the leaders of civic organizations. to every objective remark. the Chechen resistance website chechenpress. Feb 2005 objective analysis of the issue. the war in Chechnya. he conceded. In an earlier interview with ~ 47 ~ . "Those who equate terrorists and our armed forces are not right. Russia's former ambassador to Washington. Moscow. But while Arbour's meetings scheduled for today [February 11] are also Kremlin-friendly -. 11 February 2005 IS IT TOO LATE FOR PEACE TALKS IN CHECHNYA? On 3 February. Federation Council Chairman Sergei Mironov and State Duma International Affairs Committee Chairman Konstantin Kosachev -." he said. Also on 7 February.ru said that Lukin demonstrated "brilliant diplomatic preparation" in his comments." Interfax quoted him as saying at the meeting. earlier discounted the possibility of talks with Maskhadov on the pretext of his alleged involvement in terrorist acts against Russian civilians.she is set to meet with." the website wrote on February 10. together with radical field commander Shamil Basaev. Bashkortostan. he [Lukin] preferred to switch to violations of the rights of national minorities in the Baltic countries and to the subject of how the results of the election in Iraq have still not been announced. "KommersantDaily" published an interview with Maskhadov in which he repeated his call for negotiations." Ponomarev pointed to the events in Blagovashchensk. "Violations of human rights concern us no less that our foreign partners. the European Union. Four days later." Ponomarev said he would also bring up "the attack on social rights" exemplified in the monetization of benefits and the reappearance of political prisoners." Lev Ponomarev told Utro. "But the most dangerous thing is that the authorities have moved to massive repression. According to Khambiev. for a string of terrorist acts against Russian civilians. while senior members of the proMoscow Chechen leadership have argued that Maskhadov does not qualify as a negotiating partner as he no longer has any authority among the resistance. and this happens from time to time.com posted a statement by President Aslan Maskhadov's envoy Umar Khambiev announcing that Maskhadov issued instructions to his forces on 14 January to observe a unilateral cease-fire until the end of February. and the Council of Europe to play a more active role in mediating a settlement of the Chechen conflict.) This is by no means Maskhadov's first attempt to offer the Russian leadership a face-saving way out of a conflict that has since 1999 claimed the lives of thousands of Russian servicemen and sapped the national budget. when riot police reportedly carried out a "crime prevention operation" in which hundreds of men and teenage boys were detained and beaten up.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Maskhadov bears responsibility.ru. including the Beslan hostage taking in September 2004.info posted a statement by Maskhadov in which he called on the United Nations. (This despite Maskhadov's repeated insistence both before and after Beslan that his men strictly observe the Geneva Conventions and desist both from attacks on Russian civilians and on Russian military targets outside Chechnya. where the right of the individual to life is being violated in a cruel way. where the kidnapping of people continues. But Russian officials have not responded to that initiative. Lukin added. and scores of girls raped (MosNews. "Briefly mentioning that the president. In mid-September. "The main issue for Russia today. Moreover. among others." Itar-Tass reported on February 10. at the end of last December. "There is no justification for people with shoulder straps who violate human rights. "The only thing unacceptable for us is the use of human rights issues for economic or political purposes. that command was intended as a goodwill gesture that could pave the way for unconditional talks aimed at ending more than five years of fighting." Arbour also met with Russian human rights ombudsman Vladimir Lukin. January 21). the ulcer that is eating away at and influencing the situation around the whole country is. on his own initiative. chechenpress. of course. on 7 February. in the wake of the Beslan hostage crisis. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov compared calls for Moscow to embark on negotiations with Maskhadov with the suggestion that Europe should conduct such talks with Osama bin Laden." but. which sooner or later happens in any police state.she also plans to meet with a group of human rights activists at the offices of the Memorial human rights center on February 12. 8.
Maskhadov switched tactics and began calling not for direct talks with Moscow but for the international community to pressure the Russian authorities to agree to such talks.. two military operations masterminded by Basaev had transformed the political landscape in the North Caucasus. calling for a cease-fire in Chechnya and asking for their assistance in resuming contacts between his envoy." 25 September 2000). We are prepared to sign agreements on collective security and join the fight against terrorism. Akhmed Zakaev. In this situation. Yastrzhembskii rejected the latter offer. One year later.. defenses. Russian military officials wrote off that offer as an indirect admission of defeat. Maskhadov similarly declared a unilateral cease-fire and called for peace talks and the dispatch to Chechnya of a fact-finding mission from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). not to carry out terrorist attacks that could hurt innocent people" (see "RFE/RL Newsline... the OSCE. who publicly claimed responsibility for the hostage taking in a Moscow theater in October 2002. Maskhadov reiterated in that interview that "I have never given orders to blow up buildings or to kill innocent people. That is what we are telling the Russians. claiming that Maskhadov's men did not have the weaponry to continue resistance. Both Rybkin and former Russian Supreme Soviet speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov met with Zakaev during the summer of 2002 to discuss various blueprints for resolving the Chechen conflict (see "RFE/RL Caucasus Report. official as saying Maskhadov has "forfeited any legitimacy he had.S. We can jointly guard our borders." But at the same time. while then acting Russian President Vladimir Putin's aide Sergei Yastrzhembskii said Maskhadov had not responded to unspecified counterproposals (see "RFE/RL Newsline." But by mid-2004. Then in June 2002. He's either unwilling to stand up to terrorists or incapable of it." 13 September 2002). telling RFE/RL's North Caucasus Service: "We tried to approach the Russian government with our [peace] proposal several times. He said: "We are prepared to do whatever [the Russian leadership] want us to do. and then presidential envoy to the Southern Federal District Viktor Kazantsev. he sent an open letter to the participants. and on the official Chechen television channel three months later. the Council of Europe. But they don't want that. We can jointly manage our economy. The "Los Angeles Times" on 31 October 2002 quoted an unnamed U. in early June 2004. We told them. we are compelled to seek friends elsewhere simply because Russians don't want friendship with us.'" Maskhadov vowed that "we will not stop our struggle. and in an interview with "Moscow News" in November. That incident furnished the Russian authorities with a cast-iron excuse to brand Maskhadov a terrorist. We can think of common investment programs.to be careful not to kill Chechens. That initiative coincided with an appeal to Russian President Vladimir Putin by former Russian Security Council Secretary Ivan Rybkin (see "RFE/RL Caucasus Report." He said the only way to bring the fighting to an end is through the United Nations. and demolished his credibility with the United States. He told RFE/RL's North Caucasus Service in May 2003 that "it has become obvious today that it is impossible to seek peace directly with the Russian leadership. weeks after the fall of Grozny. But Maskhadov subsequently announced that he was again coordinating resistance activities with radical field commander Shamil Basaev. whatever they find advantageous.. on the eve of the Group of Eight (G8) summit in Canada. in a second interview with "Kommersant-Daily" (see "RFE/RL Newsline. Maskhadov made clear that he does not seek independence for Chechnya. saying it contained "nothing new" and that it was due to Maskhadov's "inactivity" that Chechnya had degenerated into "an enclave of terrorism and Wahhabism" and a permanent threat to Russia's security (see "RFE/RL Newsline. Maskhadov appeared to have abandoned any hope of peace talks." because those leaders rose to power thanks to the war in Chechnya." In the wake of the Moscow hostage taking. but would accept a peace settlement that would preserve Russia's territorial integrity. according to Interfax on 21 April 2000." 21 April 2000). He said: "The Russian authorities that have brought so much violence to the Chechen people could not end this war peacefully." 22 November 2000). We won't accept anything short of this. The first was the bomb that killed Chechen administration head Akhmed-hadji Kadyrov in ~ 48 ~ . We can create a common currency and conduct our diplomatic affairs together. even if they wanted to. Maskhadov issued three further calls in 2000 for unconditional peace talks: in an interview in July with an Azerbaijani news agency. Feb 2005 "Kommersant-Daily" in April 2000. I have even given orders to my mujahedin.. and we will not back off as long as the enemy tramples our soil." 29 September 2002). We'll keep fighting until he leaves our country." 21 May 2003).Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures.. 'Let's stop this war ourselves without involving anyone into this process. Maskhadov broadcast calls for unconditional peace talks on a clandestine radio station in January 2001.. and other organizations that protect human rights.
and in Daghestan. the Chechnya question appears to be currently off-limits. The fact that the war in Chechnya has spilled over the borders of that republic could be adduced to substantiate the Russian authorities' repeated argument that Maskhadov has become irrelevant. the Kremlin sought to placate. As weary as Russians are of war.especially in light of the differences in the military tactics favored by Maskhadov. staged just days after Maskhadov's interview with RFE/RL.in Kabardino-Balkaria. they are ~ 49 ~ . the Chechens and the international community are all participating in this ritual charade: militants grab the spotlight and re-ignite international indignation about the war. Even though Washington continues to host members of the Chechen diaspora. cited by Boris Berezovsky amid the uproar.and earned the British broadcaster that aired it a lashing by Russian officialdom. whom many observers believe will replace Kadyrov's interim successor Alu Alkhanov as soon as he reaches the age of 30. "Nezavisimaya gazeta" suggested on 9 February that as a man of "considerable political experience. the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. and most end at the negotiating table.ru quoted a young Ingush participant in that raid as explaining that he "and hundreds like me" left home and joined Basaev's militants after federal security or police personnel randomly detained their relatives. Since June. was shrugged off by Russian generals.S. and above all U. President George W." Maskhadov can hardly have anticipated that. in her latest comments on Russia. Instead of reappraising its strategy of offloading to the pro-Moscow Chechen leadership the responsibility for neutralizing the resistance and "normalizing" the political situation in Chechnya. Nor have five years of Chechen terrorist attacks and periodic rebel ceasefires. mentioned anti-terrorism cooperation but did not mention Chechnya by name. Even the scare of a possible Chechen nuclear bomb. who says he abhors targeting innocent civilians. Russian officials may argue.S. On the other hand. a "point of no return" may already have been reached. would probably not produce a lasting settlement. In other words. bands of militants reporting to Basaev have surfaced elsewhere in the North Caucasus . and that there is no point in negotiating with him -. If that is the case. as Maskhadov himself has frequently pointed out. The Americans stayed silent this week about Maskhadov's ceasefire and negotiations offer. It appears that the Kremlin. Warlord Shamil Basayev's parallel threat of further terrorist attacks only strengthened Russians' resolve . he would receive a positive response from the Russian authorities to his cease-fire declaration and call for unconditional peace talks. where they raided the local headquarters of the Federal Antinarcotics Service in December. government has labeled Basayev's group as terrorists and long ago stopped calling for negotiations with Maskhadov. (Liz Fuller) FUROR OVER CHECHEN PEACE OVERTURES DESIGNED TO FIZZLE 2005-02-11 18:55 PARIS (Angela Charlton for RIA Novosti) . to take a tougher line with Moscow over the need for a swift and negotiated solution to the Chechen stalemate before the situation in neighboring North Caucasus republics deteriorates even further. One of the war's most vigorous critics. who subsequently disappeared without a trace. the U. beyond which. Bush. Ingushetiya. Neither did the Dubrovka theater siege.The terror of Beslan did not bring Vladimir Putin to the negotiating table. Maskhadov's current team. was the raid launched on Interior Ministry targets in Ingushetia in which some 80 people were killed (see "RFE/RL Newsline. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. all wars have to end. U. if held. Ambassador Alexander Vershbow reaffirmed U. plans to take part in talks next month between ex-Maskhadov envoys and current proKremlin Chechens .S. coopt and promote Kadyrov's son Ramzan. Despite tougher rhetoric from Washington toward Russia in recent months. The second operation." 22 and 23 June 2004).but there are no plans for inviting Mr. Feb 2005 May. Russian officials reject any negotiations.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Even liberal commentators concede that more ambitious talks. then it is reasonable to assume that Maskhadov's intention may have been to induce the international community. efforts to help Russia choke off terrorists in Chechnya and talked of fairer elections . Aslan Maskhadov's latest appeal for peace talks faces the same failure. the only effective strategy is to continue current efforts to eradicate all militant bands perceived as posing potential threats to security and stability in the North Caucasus.but did not mention peace talks.S. where Interior Ministry troops and special forces have launched at least two operations to apprehend them in recent weeks. who seemingly considers all Russian citizens legitimate targets. and all sides go home further entrenched in their positions. this time around. The international attention he garnered for his gesture was hardly enough to persuade the Kremlin to negotiate with its enemies. All this frenzy is fizzling fast. and Basaev.
Basayev. he says. his words no longer move mountains. however. much less a reason to pursue it. the oligarch strikes a deal with Arab and Chechen mercenaries to stage a fake terrorist attack on a circus. A superhero Russian special agent is kidnapped by Chechens bankrolled by an exiled oligarch. Russia's stance on Chechnya has been challenged time and again by the outside world. Onetime peacemaker Maskhadov. Any such outcome in Chechnya is unthinkable without foreign military intervention. and sometimes feeds. The agent is tortured into making a videotaped confession that he organized terrorist acts against Russian civilians. Putin suffered international isolation and wounds to his reputation because of political upheaval in Ukraine and Georgia. has done nothing to win back Russian trust since his leadership of Chechnya crumbled into chaos in the 1990s. to undermine President Putin and effect a change of power in Russia. is too proud of his terrorist resume to be included in any negotiations. More crucially. Meanwhile. The other internationally recognized face of rebel Chechnya. then escapes with the help of a British journalist. for all Berezovsky's wealth. although certainly negative. In the past two years. faces resistance among Chechen factions who wouldn't feel bound by any peace plan endorsed by him or Maskhadov or both.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. commenting on Maskhadov's interview for the Kommersant paper on 7 February. The Kremlin recognizes. I have thought of him as of a figure a la [former presidential candidate Ivan] Rybkin in the hands of certain forces. Good evening. including exiled tycoon Boris Berezovskiy. Similarly. More importantly. despite denouncing major terrorist attacks. Failing that. Feb 2005 increasingly convinced that peace in Chechnya is impossible. never fails to find an opportunity to speak to the country's top leadership via the press and offer a truce. a lot of publicity will be generated around former Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Kasyanov in an attempt to mould him into a figure similar to Viktor Yushchenko. and ultimately had to accept what for him was an unfavorable outcome in both countries. Whether he is a voice of impassioned opposition seeking to end a war. 2005 Chechen separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov's proposal of cease-fire and talks with the federal centre is a political tool being used by "certain forces". captioned as head of the centre for studying applied problems] You have posed the question rightly. why do we keep returning to the same topic again and again? Why do you think a man who controls nothing. in this hierarchy Maskhadov is below a serious instructor from Arab countries. Sadly. "Lichny Nomer" ("Countdown" in international versions). He suggested that starting in March. or a has-been tycoon looking to rekindle his role as conductor of the Kremlin-Chechnya relationship. says Russian analyst BBC Monitoring Service . analyst Aleksandr Zhilin has said. he has no one to negotiate with. the message is clear. seems particularly apt amid the latest Chechnya debate. Maskhadov really controls very little in Chechnya. subheadings have been inserted editorially: [Presenter Ilya Kolosov] The guest in our studio is military observer Aleksandr Zhilin. Plan to oust Putin by February 2006 over Chechnya. yet no one has presented Putin with a solution he can gracefully pursue. neither Maskhadov nor Basayev can control the situation from beginning to end [Presenter . [Aleksandr Zhilin. and shuns all talk of negotiations. so that he can negotiate a triumphant end to the horror. While [warlord Shamil] Basayev. Even the war's loudest opponents admit that the Chechen forces are fractured and that moderate rebel leaders are near extinction. his authority over Chechen forces has crumbled too. Talking to Russian Centre TV. and abandoning it now could threaten his political future. the war will restart.United Kingdom. is a fairly serious figure from the point of view of rehearsing and implementing his scenarios. A recent hit Russian action film. And he. He owes his rise to power to this war. the result is the all-too-familiar deadlock. something no country is ready to mount. it means little whether Maskhadov's offer was a genuine plea for peace or a headlinegrabbing scheme designed to buy his fighters time to regroup during the hostile mountain winter. Then again. or almost nothing. The Arabs. Is art imitating life or propaganda? Either way. Feb 15. this conviction. turn out to be real terrorists.interrupting] The situation on their side? ~ 50 ~ . using the attack to spirit a nuclear bomb out of the country. The following is the text of Zhilin's interview broadcast by Russian Centre TV on 7 February. too. Aleksandr. Zhilin said that the intelligence services of "NATO countries and the USA" were "running the show" in Chechnya.
[Presenter] While oil keeps coming from there. you are linking it all to Russian domestic politics. It is clear that some pretty good professionals worked on it. or more precisely. let alone arrested? Why? [Zhilin] I am probably not in a position to answer this question. if it becomes protracted.nobody has ever seen. we have all witnessed ghastly terrorist attacks in our country. [Presenter] In other words. Why am I saying that this political tool was written by political analysts? If you look at the piece attentively. Change of power in Russia before February 2006 [Zhilin] But why has this jack-in-the-box jumped out now of all times? What has happened to make Maskhadov once again appeal to the president with these proposals. This question should be addressed to the special services and to those senior people who are responsible for that. heard. have been taking certain steps to destabilize the situation and to surround President Putin with certain difficulties. And I cannot find any other answer apart from the fact that certain forces in Russia are interested in seeing those people alive. All that is a political tool which I will say more about a little bit later. and very shrewd political analysts at that. And that is exactly what we have in Chechnya. It is clear that it was written in Moscow. All that is because an objective has been set. is that in this war. I will tell you what I think about them. I for one have found a very simple formula. [Presenter] I am not sure whether to agree with this or not. I read that interview very attentively. I am probably not competent enough to either fully agree or categorically disagree with the above. On the surface. [Presenter] Are our intelligence services running the show? [Zhilin] Our intelligence services are trying to counter this. but all this provision for terrorism doesn't fall from the blue sky. For the whole duration of combat operations in Chechnya . It is clear that any local conflict. I don't think I'll be giving much away when I say that since last year certain forces. Trust me: it is a very good business. Feb 2005 Chechnya used to put pressure on Putin [Zhilin] The situation in Chechnya.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. you will see that it is a proposal that the Kremlin cannot accept. still not been destroyed. What explanation did you find? [Zhilin] Yes. right? [Zhilin] Indeed. He is an Yushchenko-type figure. you will see that starting in March a lot of publicity will be generated around [former prime minister] Mikhail Kasyanov. in the situation that is evolving there. it would seem that there are no reasons for Maskhadov to make those statements. that very force that is interested in seeing the Chechen war go on? [Zhilin] Yes. as has long been plain for all. Now. the intelligence services of other countries have been running the show for a long time now. However. to have a change of power and the president in Russia in the period from this September to February next year. It has been organized by the intelligence services because today the Caucasus is a lever they're using to try and put pressure. And the reason. [Presenter] But you must have wondered about it yourself. begins to involve various forces. But that is not all that it is about. It was not Maskhadov who answered those questions.and I have been through the first Chechen war. I still have not heard an answer to my question. [Presenter] In other words. It is a good business. After all. let us go back to Maskhadov's interview. ~ 51 ~ . [Presenter] Who do you think wrote that interview? [Zhilin] Political analysts. It is they that through third countries have been both supplying mercenaries and providing financing. who were put on the federal wanted list several years ago and who are based on a rather small area. as far as I know. then there was the second Chechen campaign and then the present . Why have those people. Not only because Maskhadov's name is in blood and linked with killed children and so on. Already now [liberal politician Boris] Nemtsov and others are starting to tentatively mention his name. In confirmation of the above. They are trying to pressure the president by raising certain fears. including [exiled tycoon Boris] Berezovskiy and other opponents of the current authorities. [Zhilin] While oil keeps coming from there. too. All of this fits into the jigsaw of a war against our country. However. Those of NATO countries and the USA. and so on. I did wonder. People who are in the know have told me that it involves huge amounts of money. written about or showed a single shot on the part of either the federal forces or the gunmen in the direction of trains or vehicles carrying oil.
negative. Source: Centre TV. Chechen terrorist leaders. His proposal is in essence a stalemate one. by the Ichkerian president's general spokesman. And now yesterday [7 February] there is a new sensation: "Ichkerian President" Aslan Maskhadov broadcasts on our screens. no matter what Putin does in this situation. there is no reason to doubt the authenticity of the Ichkerian president's edict on halting combat actions. "I have discussed the matter with him (Maskhadov -. in turn. but also the authenticity of Maskhadov's statement. which is often berated for excessive free thought.ru WWW-Text in Russian 08 Feb 05 [Article by Sergey Belukhin: "Basayev and Maskhadov Occupy Television Screens"] Strange things are happening on our television. The claims by the Russian and Chechen authorities' spokesman were denied.Kommersant) in person. If tomorrow Putin sits down to talk with Maskhadov. That is why it simply has to be explained to people that Maskhadov's proposals are unacceptable to Russia's dignity. Not even a week has passed since the Russian Foreign Ministry vehemently protested the showing on British television of an interview with Shamil Basayev (who. "and the resistance fighters are strictly adhering to the demands of the president's edict on a unilateral cessation of combat actions: There has not been a single attack by our side since 1 February. "They are merely trying to portray us as diehard bandits. Thus. According to him. Mr Alkhanov did not rule out the possibility that the terrorist Basayev was actually dead. his rating will plummet because people will question his actions.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. is once again alive and well). noting that "if Maskhadov and Basayev really are prepared to stop the terror. but on the official Channel 1." Kommersant was told at the regional operational headquarters running the counterterrorist operation in the North Caucasus. Moreover. and this is acknowledged by anyone observing events in Chechnya." Mr Khambiyev told Kommersant yesterday. If he does not agree to talks. Moscow. in Russian 2115 gmt 07 Feb 05 Kommersant Covers War of Words over 'Authenticity' of Maskhadov 'Truce' Moscow Kommersant in Russian 07 Feb 05 p 3 [Report by Musa Muradov: "Aslan Maskhadov Not Believed"] Chechen head Alu Alkhanov has described Maskhadov's truce as a complete bluff. Representatives of the Russian military grouping in Chechnya command immediately began to deny not only the gunmen's leaders' intentions. "We have no reason to accept his (Maskhadov's -Kommersant) latest pronouncement about stopping the terror as gospel truth. he is refusing to hold talks while people will continue to be killed and so on and so forth. it turns out. "The law enforcement agencies know for sure that the information posted on the extremists' website by the illegal armed formations' ideologists has nothing to do with statements allegedly made by Maskhadov and Basayev. Al-Qa'ida's envoy in ~ 52 ~ ." Moreover. Basayev had problems with his kidneys and with his leg that had been operated on. In particular. which our television journalists borrowed from colleagues at the Al-Jazirah channel. The general meaning of the speech. [Zhilin] And not only that." Mr Khambiyev said. the Union of Right Forces and company will start screaming: Look at bloodthirsty Putin. not on Channel 4. Umar Khambiyev." the Chechen president said. It is not about Putin. then there must be conditions and he needs to contact the law enforcement agencies and surrender." the Chechen president said at a new conference in Moscow on Saturday. "All references to bandit underground leaders are fictitious and the texts of the statements themselves are a figment of Movladi Udugov's imagination. are now delivering speeches on central channels. hinting that the terrorist might have died of an illness. [Presenter] Thank you. The thing is that Russia cannot accept them. "According to the information we had seven-eight months ago (Mr Alkhanov was Chechen internal affairs minister at the time -Kommersant). Maskhadov says how he respected and liked the deceased Abu al-Walid. whose names in recent years have been customarily mentioned only in the context of possible elimination and arrest. is. of course. Feb 2005 [Presenter] There is no point in holding talks with him because he is not in full control." Kremlin Discounts Possibility of Talks With Chechen Rebels After TV Appearances Moscow Utro. Subsequently extracts from the broadcast are shown to Russian viewers on RTR and NTV. he finds himself at a disadvantage." The headquarters spokesman said that 12 terrorists acts were committed in the republic from 10 January through 3 February (Maskhadov's truce began on 1 February.
"Maskhadov does not control the situation and. This movement is itself divided into two wings: the formal wing represented by Alu Alkhanov. Everything would have been fine except that the guerrillas violated this suspension of hostilities tonight when they killed a policeman in Chechnya's Gudermesskiy Rayon. field commander Shamil Basayev. in particular Ramzan. This movement is in alliance with the salafi-jihadist movement and calls for driving the Russian forces out to establish their version of an Islamic state. Nevertheless. the power was turned to Alu Alkhanov in the same way. and he became a head of a proRussian government. Feb 2005 Chechnya. if there is a desire to say to their people: forgive me. and negotiations. political power in Chechnya was divided into three major wings: the first represented by the legitimate president. 2005 Chechnya’s President Aslan Maskhadov on February 3 issued a presidential decree to all Chechen fighting forces to cease fire for a month as a gesture of good will to show his willingness to negotiate. most importantly. and Russia’s earnestness in finding a solution for the crisis. it will create a quandary for the pro- ~ 53 ~ ." he stated. Following Kadyrov’s assassination in May 2004. to power. the Russian authorities very much like to demonstrate that Chechnya is a bastion of international terrorism. The second is a radical movement spearheaded by Russia’s number one man on the wanted list. real Chechen President Alu Alkhanov commented on the "cease-fire" today. are fighting on their side. Among the most important figures of this movement are Vice President Ahmed Zakayev and Foreign Minister Ilyas Akhmadov. MASKHADOV’S CEASE-FIRE AND THE SITUATION IN CHECHNYA Murad Batal Al-Shishani CENTRAL ASIA . No country in the world wants to deal with terrorists. denies these theories. If Maskhadov’s initiative continues to be successful. excuse me. If there is a desire to repent." the head of the republic stated. The separatist leader also says that "volunteers" from Arab countries. Consequently. It is an indicator of Maskhadov’s power over the Chechen resistance forces. pulling Russian forces out of the Chechen Republic. BACKGROUND: The second Russian-Chechen war erupted in 1999. the fact that the people who are being sought for the Beslan terrorist act and many other things are appearing on prime-time television gives pause for thought. who represents a moderate national movement calling for a peaceful solution to the conflict. Incidentally.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. The announcement is important to understanding the situation in the Republic that has been caught in a war for a decade. I think that both the people and the leadership of the republic will accept such statements. which must be combated by any means. Maskhadov forbade any use of weapons except in self-defense. the son of the former President Ahmed Kadyrov. and the Russian forces invaded the Republic and presented a formula for resolution of the conflict based on fraudulent elections that brought Chechnya’s former mufti (religious leader). The "president of Ichkeria" claims that it was on his orders that the republic's "armed forces" ceased attacks on federal troops. he is a terrorist. "The door to both the prosecutor's office and bodies of power is always open to them. The announcement also raises several questions regarding the power Maskhadov actually yields and its influence on solving the Chechen conflict. thereby demonstrating their leaders' readiness for dialogue. Ramzan Kadyrov’s militia forces are also judged responsible for many of the human rights violation occurring in Chechnya.let them come and say that. Both are supported by Russia. Evidently the word "accept" means taking repentance into account during sentencing." In addition. in the person of presidential press service spokesman Dmitriy Peskov. It looks like the "commander in chief" does not actually control his "forest brothers. about talks: On Monday [7 February] Maskhadov gave an interview to Kommersant newspaper and also published an appeal to the Russian leadership and world community on separatist sites. people. As is known. and an informal one represented by Ramzan. the third movement is represented by the proRussian Chechen government. because of us you have suffered for so many years -. What if talks are actually in the offing with those whom it was intended to "take out in the john?" But the official Kremlin.CAUCASUS ANALYST Wednesday / February 09. Finally. Maskhadov’s latest announcement is a “power test” in which he seeks to demonstrate his authority over Chechen fighters as a response to Russia’s refusal to negotiate with him on the basis that he is a “terrorist”. who along with his armed militia has created a state within a state formula. Independent reports and pro-Russian Chechen forces confirm that no major attacks or subversive actions by resistance forces have taken place since the announcement went into effect. the interrelations between political powers in Chechnya. that is to say mercenaries. Aslan Maskhadov. Ahmad Kadyrov. while Russian and pro-Russian forces have continued conducting so-called mopping-up operations.
Basayev’s action amounted to a desecration of their long struggle for freedom. supported by Russian forces. another is the very real possibility of conflict between its formal and informal divisions. CONCLUSIONS: While Maskhadov wishes to prove his power in Chechnya and that this is the best solution for a peaceful finale to the RussianChechen war. Feb 2005 Russian movement that capitalizes on the argument that Maskhadov has no claim to power inside Chechnya and does not influence all forces there. Chechenpress. Moscow Continues To Reject Chechen Rebels' Overture Russia -. The first is it near total lack of legitimacy. Indeed. He is author of the book "Islamic Movement in Chechnya and the Chechen-Russian Conflict 1990-2000. Accordingly. hence a peace deal with him would not constitute an end to fighting. is likely even to escalate its provocative actions as part of its so-called mopping-up policy. as Russian propaganda and some of the pro-Russian forces attempt to spread. While progovernment and state-run media have also rejected or ignored the initiative. better known as Amir Khattab. "in fulfillment of" Maskhadov's order. represented by the proRussian government. will imply a success of its policy of ‘chechenizing’ the conflict. Basayev. no resistance operations were recorded in the first days following the announcement of the ceasefire while at the same time human rights organizations recorded an escalation in arrests of citizens by local and federal forces. and his successor Abu al-Walid al-Ghamidi was killed in April 2004 – effectively killing the main Arab element in the leadership. despite the fact that Russian and pro-Moscow Chechen officials have rejected Maskhadov's initiative out of hand. was poisoned in 2002. who has at times seemed at odds with Maskhadov. The leadership vacuum also worsened the lack of funding that the salafi-jihadists had experienced due to international efforts to halt terrorist financing. The salafijihadist movement. AUTHOR’S BIO: Murad Batal Al-Shishani is a Jordanian-Chechen writer who holds an M. and Daymohk -carried a brief report saying rebel President Maskhadov had ordered a ceasefire until the end of February.A degree in Political Science. including the illegal trafficking of oil and support for armed militias. the main rebel websites -Kavkaz-Tsentr. ordered Chechen forces to resort to weapons only in self-defense.’s involvement in corruption. According to most Chechens. There is increasing evidence of Kadyrov Jr. the pro-Russian government. Zakayev and Akhmadov is the major power center capable of pacifying the situation in Chechnya. the rejection by Moscow and the pro-Russian forces in Chechnya of the cease-fire is important.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. It would have been more feasible for Russia to welcome Maskhadov’s initiative – or at least not reject it out of hand – because continuing with this policy of obduracy and refusal to negotiate with Maskhadov will only keep the reins in the hands of those benefiting from this brutal war. The announcement is a power test especially in being a response to the claim that the salafi-jihadist movement is in control of the Chechen resistance. who claimed responsibility for the operation. on the other hand. led by Maskhadov. this one from Chechen rebel field commander Shamil Basayev. as mentioned above. On 2 February. Maskhadov. Basayev was the first to announce his adherence to Maskhadov’s order. Samer Bin Saleh Bin Abdullah Al-Swelim. the Beslan massacre and the hostage-taking of schoolchildren undermined the popularity of Shamil Basayev.FMA in English 09 Feb 05 [FBIS Media Analysis] Russia: Moscow Continues To Reject Chechen Rebels' Overture Chechen rebel spokesmen are continuing a public relations offensive touting the recent ceasefire orders by rebel leaders Aslan Maskhadov and Shamil Basayev as a real opportunity for a negotiated peace. who was killed by Russian agents in Qatar. on 3 February they did publish the text of another ceasefire order. or at least not welcoming it. and a few have even suggested the Kremlin might be willing to do so. ~ 54 ~ . there is a risk that the radical wing of the Chechen resistance will break the cease-fire and will proceed with attacks on Russian forces. On the other hand. and it is apparent in many of the movement leaders’ statements. Chechen supporters were also targeted. As a result. specializing in Islamic Movements in Chechnya. IMPLICATIONS: The moderate national movement. such as former Chechen interim President Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev. ordered "all fighters under my command" to unilaterally cease offensive operations against Russian forces and Chechen and Russian civilians until 22 February. some nongovernment media have argued Moscow should explore it. is facing a crisis due mainly to the assassination of its leaders. The last movement. Amman 2001 (in Arabic). The real danger is that Russia seems to believe that rejecting the initiative. While the websites did not publish the text of Maskhadov's order. Probably realizing this. is also facing several dilemmas.
Evidently seeking to put a negative spin on Khambiyev's comment.ru.Official Site. -. 3 February). On 3 February. As if to emphasize that the rebel leaders remain beyond the pale and to discredit the idea of peace talks. but the main staterun TV networks.Southern Federal District Presidential Representative and former Kremlin deputy chief of staff Dmitriy Kozak dismissed the ceasefire announcement as an "attempt to attract publicity" and asserted "Maskhadov has never been in control of the situation" (ITAR-TASS.] reported the ceasefire announcement. neither Maskhadov nor Basayev control any significant number of fighters (AVN. the anniversary of Stalin's deportation of the Chechen people to Central Asia (Kommersant. Chechen State Council Chairman Taus Dzhabrailov called the ceasefire announcement a "ruse and a provocation. one of Maskhadov's representatives abroad.In his appeal to Putin. did not. 4 February). Maskhadov on 7 February issued an appeal to President Putin and granted an interview to the respected daily Kommersant. Feb 2005 Komsomolets. said Maskhadov was "confident" that "peace initiatives" could lead to a "compromise and peace" (Ekho Moskvy Radio. called it a "sign of good will. 3 February. Usman Ferzauli. NTV. Ekho Moskvy radio [footnote: All three networks are owned by state-controlled companies but have often shown considerable editorial independence. 3 February). Daymohk.Ground Forces Deputy Commander Vladimir Bulgakov called it a "ruse" and said rebel attacks on Russian positions and convoys were continuing (AVN. North Ossetia. Daymohk. -. Channel One and Rossiya. -. 3 February). -.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Kavkaz-Tsentr. -. Neither did government-run Chechen TV in Groznyy. which is owned by anti-Kremlin oligarch Boris Berezovskiy. Khambiyev even suggested the rebels would accept a settlement short of full independence." In fact. and other attacks (Radio Rossii. Chechen Allies Reject Initiative While the Kremlin itself offered no immediate public comment. portraying it as a propaganda ploy and disputing Maskhadov's ability to deliver on any promises. According to one source. 3 February). -. called it "cynical" and accused Maskhadov and Basayev of planning to commit new "terrorist acts" as soon as the ceasefire expired (AVN. In an interview with the pro-rebel website The Chechen Times.Umar Khambiyev. Politcom. . Dzhabrailov claimed." He also asserted the ceasefire would demonstrate that the rebels were not disparate bands but a united and strong force under Maskhadov's command (KavkazTsentr. first deputy premier for security. some Russian officials were quick to reject the ceasefire declaration. Moskovskiy Officials in Chechnya's pro-Moscow government were even more emphatic in rejecting the ceasefire declaration." meant to "invite Russia to end the war at the negotiating table. 7 February).He told Kommersant the ceasefire was a "good-will gesture" and an "invitation" for Moscow to open negotiations (7 February). RenTV. Russia's General Prosecutor's Office on 3 February formally charged Maskhadov and Basayev with responsibility for the September hostage-taking at a school in Beslan. Some official spokesmen and other observers interpreted the end date of 22 February in Basayev's ceasefire order as meaning the rebels were planning a major attack for 23 February. 3 February). Maskhadov Continues Initiative .Chechen President Alu Alkhanov denounced it as a "propaganda trick" aimed at foreign public opinion and asserted Maskhadov had never kept his promises (President and Government of Chechnya -. Nezavisimaya Gazeta." as well as an attempt to falsely "claim the guerrillas have a single control center. 3 February). -. In the face of these rejections. 3 February). Maskhadov said he hoped to ward off the "uncontrolled and disastrous processes with unpredictable consequence" that the continuation of the war could set off (Chechenpress. .Another Maskhadov representative.Ramzan Kadyrov. -." so long as the "existence of the ~ 55 ~ . he said the rebels were "not fixated on independence. Chechen rebel spokesmen touted the ceasefire announcement as a breakthrough that could lead to peace talks and a negotiated end to the war. 3 February). AVN. -.A statement on the rebel Foreign Ministry's website called it a "demonstration of good will" and an "invitation to Russia to open genuine peace talks" (Chechen Foreign Ministry. 2 February). Moscow. -.
Controversial columnist Aleksandr Minkin asserted Maskhadov had proved his good will and his effectiveness. 8 February).Dzhabrailov stated flatly "there will be no political contacts with Maskhadov and his circle" (AVN.Aleksey Malashenko of the Moscow Carnegie Center said the initiative might be a reaction to "not entirely articulated" signs that "Moscow is beginning to rethink its Caucasus policy" (Nezavisimaya Gazeta.Komsomolskaya Pravda. 4 February). Ekho Moskvy radio. 8 February). pro-Moscow Chechen officials also rejected the initiative. State-owned Channel One TV. Center TV. A few suggested -. "No country in the world wants to deal with terrorists" (Utro. owned by proKremlin oligarch Vladimir Potanin. and the Moscow city government's Center TV network reported Maskhadov's 7 February statements and the official response. Once again.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. -. 7 February). -.The government news agency ITAR-TASS quoted an unnamed "high-ranking military official" of the Russian forces in Chechnya as calling the ceasefire a "blatant lie" intended to buy time for the rebels to regroup during the winter (8 February). Among major broadcast media.Kozak again dismissed Maskhadov's initiative as a "PR trick" (ITAR-TASS. which it said "justified and condoned terrorist activities" (ITAR-TASS. "If the negotiators don't want to call it independence. . Council Chairman Sergey Mironov said Maskhadov was merely seeking to "dampen the federal government's vigilance" (ITAR-TASS. Commentaries in pro-government newspapers echoed official dismissals of Maskhadov's initiative: -. Feb 2005 Chechen nation" was guaranteed. He later predicted more "similar offers. ITAR-TASS. She said the negative official response to date was "stupid" (Novaya Gazeta. only NTV. .Kremlin spokesman Dmitriy Peskov rejected any idea of negotiations. He added. urged the government to ignore what it called a "trap" for Russia and "in essence." implying the pro-Moscow Chechen authorities would continue to oppose talks (ITAR-TASS.Anna Politkovskaya. Defense Committee Chairman Viktor Ozerov called the ceasefire an "information war" tactic (NTV. -. some media often critical of the government argued that Moscow should at least explore Maskhadov's initiative. 8 February). -.NTV quoted unnamed Russian commanders in Chechnya as again dismissing the initiative as a "ruse" (8 February). Furthermore. -. an ultimatum by terrorists" (8 February).Alkhanov again denounced the ceasefire as a "lie" and called on Maskhadov to surrender to the authorities (NTV. -. broadcast a lengthy news item on 7 February with video footage it said proved Maskhadov had close ties to al-Qa'ida -presumably seeking to discredit him as a negotiating partner. . -. -. calling Maskhadov a "terrorist" and saying. 9 February). AVN. called on the Kremlin to have the "courage" to "accept the hand of good will" offered by Maskhadov. 8 February). which did not report Maskhadov's ceasefire order or his 7 February statements.The independent Moscow Times quoted an anonymous Kremlin spokeswoman as saying that President Putin's public silence so far "does not mean [Maskhadov's initiative] is not being discussed in the Kremlin" (8 February). saying rebel activity had stopped ~ 56 ~ . Non-Government Media See Chance for Peace Despite the chorus of official rejection. -. a long-time critic of the war in Chechnya. 7 February).official denials notwithstanding -. we will find a different formula" (7 February).Kadyrov said it merely showed the rebels had been "driven into a corner" and demanded that Maskhadov surrender (NTV. the Federal Service for Monitoring Legal Compliance by Mass Media issued an official warning to Kommersant for publishing Maskhadov's interview. 7 February).The government newspaper Rossiyskaya Gazeta called the ceasefire a "PR campaign" (8 February) and the Defense Ministry's Krasnaya Zvezda called it a "propaganda trick" (9 February).ru.Several Federation Council and Duma members rejected Maskhadov's initiative. -. -.that the Kremlin might be considering doing so. -. Ekho Moskvy. 7 February) -. 9 February). and Moscow Continues Rejection Russian officials again responded negatively.
Now. hundreds of thousands of crippled people. should this historical chance for peace be missed. Feb 2005 throughout Chechnya. Chechen. has not only ordered a unilateral cease-fire. "The ceasefire appears to be holding" (7 February). with tens of thousands of casualties. thereby. defiantly dissociating himself not only from Basayev. the future generations of politicians will have to find a way out of the deadlock under much ~ 57 ~ . 9 February). The conclusion is obvious – the earlier a clear political dialogue between the Russian federal authorities with the moderate wing of the Chechen resistance is launched. 9 February). in fact a unique way to prevent transformation of Chechnya into another confrontation line of Islamic radicalism and western civilization. asserted such statements by the Russians were predictable and were intended to "discredit" Maskhadov's initiative (Chechenpress. 8 February. This will be an extremely heavy blow for Russia.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. And then nothing will stop the final transformation of the Chechen war into an "eternal conflict. Terrorists are capable of supporting the existing level of military-terrorist activities for many years. the more chances we may have of reaching a peace settlement. Maskhadov's chief representative in Western Europe. to ignore it will only result in radical groups of insurgents placing more pressure on the moderate wing calling them traitors. destroyed cities and a ruined economy. the political leader of the Chechen resistance. now occupied by international coalition troops. History teaches that negotiations are the only means of achieving by political methods what is difficult to achieve by force. [Begin box] Is the Ceasefire Real? Russian. Kavkaz-Tsentr. AFP quoted an anonymous source in the pro-Moscow Chechen government as saying. Rossiyskaya Gazeta claimed that 12 "terrorist acts" had been prevented since the ceasefire was declared (8 February). Akhmed Zakayev. This has been a terrible war. It is also clear that the number of Islamic radicals among the insurgents will increase year after year. The independent website Kavkazskiy Uzel cited a Chechen MVD source as saying on 6 February there had been no rebel attacks for the past three days. Recently. even the most favourable for the secular wing of separatists. Should the chance be lost. which has been formed around Israel or Iraq. perhaps. He stressed that Basayev should be tried by an international tribunal. Radicals are not interested in any terms for a peace settlement. the radicalization of the civil population will grow. He suggested Moscow or the pro-Moscow Chechen government might stage a false rebel attack to discredit Maskhadov (Moskovskiy Komsomolets. a new opportunity has arisen to put a stop to this vicious conflict – Aslan Maskhadov. 9 February 2005 Cease-Fire in Chechnya and Talks with Maskhadov are Necessary For more than 10 years now. peace talks with a moderate wing of insurgents are a promising political alternative. on 9 February. [End box] An Open Appeal to the President of the Russian Federation from Leading Russian Human Rights Activists International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights Moscow." or prevent its further proliferation across the whole of the Northern Caucasus. but has also publicly condemned Basayev's actions. with a quasi threeyear break. NTV reported the Chechen Interior Ministry (MVD) had noted a "decline" in rebel activity." In parallel. On 7 February. for whom the Chechen war is just one of several fronts in the fight against the West. An anonymous "high-ranking military officer" asserted rebel activities were continuing unchanged (ITAR-TASS. in reality Russia has been at war with Chechnya. 9 February). but also from the whole radical wing of insurgents. Nezavisimaya Gazeta. and other media published conflicting reports as to whether rebel attacks had in fact ceased or even declined. President. we will witness an even faster growth in the strength and power of ultranationalists in the Russian politics ready to use the Chechen conflict and terror to build up fascism in the country. especially if Chechnya is surrounded by the same intensive terror and insurgent war support system. Mr." Yet. 9 February). another chance has appeared to save many thousands of lives. and quoted the Russian military command as saying "the situation is for the most part quiet" (7 February). In no case. and who need "a war for war’s sake. At the same time. However. We understand that it is very easy to ignore this unprecedented gesture of the opponent calling it a "trick. Russia is faced with a key historical decision. the military commandant's office in Chechnya asserted there had been no decline in rebel attacks (ITAR-TASS.
as well as deputy chairman of the Ichkerian parliament Selim Bishayev" could be involved in that. They are pleased and relishing the situation. Piontkovski. Public Fund “Glasnost” S. Chechen Website Criticizes Actions. Babushkin. Civil Movement “For Human Rights” Yu. Moscow Helsinki Group. Alekseeva. These venerable champions of human rights are zealously driving a wedge between. and in doing so they are thus distorting things just a little and inviting Putin to share their joy. in which "12 to 14 so-called 'amirs'. Politkovksaya. whom Maskhadov appointed his envoy in contacts with federal troops. February 9. believes a unilateral cease-fire order by Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov may have been initiated from abroad as part of a plan by certain forces to stall the process of a real settlement of the situation in the restive republic. "It is the effectiveness of anti-terrorist activity of federal troops and law enforcement agencies of Chechnya that makes Makshadov launch initiatives. Well.A. Grafova.S. member S. the guarantor of the constitutional rights of the citizens of Russia.V. The address of leading Russian human rights campaigners to [Russian President Vladimir] Putin in connection with the CRI [Chechen Republic of Ichkeria] president [Aslan Maskhadov]'s announcement of a cease-fire is striking. including former health minister Umar Khambiyev. Taus Dzhabrailov. O. Tkachenko.V. or more simply first leaders of different bandit groups were killed.V.P. first of all in the mountainous part of the republic". and in this way has demonstrably distanced himself not only from him.I. Kovalev. He listed as an example a recent operation in Chechnya's Vedeno region. Mr.A. T. L. but it is quite another to assess them on today's events. declaring him worthy of an international tribunal. journalist L. Feb 2005 more difficult conditions." "Chechen Resistance leader Aslan Maskhadov has not only issued an order about a unilateral ceasefire. President A. 2005 (Itar-Tass) . Yu. He did not rule out that PACE could also be used in their "attempts to buy public at large with such projects". and." they write. Coordinating Committee for Refugees and Enforced Migrants E. Committee “Civil Facilitation” L. but has publicly condemned the actions of [Chechen rebel leader Shamil] Basayev. Moscow Helsinki Group. who associate with him plans to destabilize the situation in the republic". Kasatkina. to order a cease-fire in Chechnya and to form a delegation to commence talks with Maskhadov on a peaceful political settlement.The chairman of the Chechen State Council. Gannushkina. and all of them fit well into separatists' plans to prove that they do exist and can seriously influence something. Progress. Borschev. OK . Yakunin. Orlov. above all. Position of Russian Human Rights Campaigners (Internet) Kavkaz-Tsentr News Agency WWWText in Russian 12 Feb 05 [Report by Boris Stomakhin: "The Lubyanka's voluntary helpers"] It is one thing to respect people for what they have done in the past. we are calling you – as the Supreme Commander in Chief. of the right to life. which is a serious blow on bandits". Committee “For Civil Rights” V.A.the people who signed this letter are those who right from the beginning and in all these years of Putin's rule have stood in front of the Lubyanka on their hind legs and defended human rights in Russia on the principle "we'll dance to our people and yours for three ~ 58 ~ . President.A. He said the main reason behind such nervousness is the fact that Chechen law enforcement agencies "have seriously 'treaded on the tail' of bandits. Public Committee for Freedom of Conscience Defence Maskhadov Unilateral Cease-Fire Order Said Initiated From Abroad By Yevgeniy Sobetskiy GROZNY.V. in actual fact all this demonstrates "only the nervousness of Maskhadov himself and of those. According to Dzhabrailov." the Chechen official stressed. Grishina. Sakharov’s Museum and Public Centre “Peace. Rybakov. Human Rights Centre “Memorial” A. writer G. Center for Strategic Researches.A. Samodurov. as they put it. but from the whole radical wing of the 'militants'. Human Rights” A. "I am confident there will be more similar offers.P. Public Association “Public Information Centre” S.L." the speaker told Itar-Tass on Wednesday commenting on the initiative by former Chechen president Aslan Maskhadov.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Chairperson A. Brovchenko. It is a long time since we have had to read such abject garbage signed by so many important and celebrated names.M. Ponomarev. "the wings of the separatists. which can't be dubbed otherwise than bizarre. Dzhabrailov said some Ichkerian leaders.
it means things are really bad. an absolute fallacy. for heaven's sake. just as well he didn't call us earthworms. leading the former to voluntary surrender to Putin. respected. And they are striving to split the Chechens fighting under the command of Maskhadov and Basayev into "moderates" and "radicals". For how else can one explain the fact that they are so openly bringing disgrace on their grey hair. the set date. precisely on the 22nd so as not to "set tongues wagging" with the 23rd.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. The radicals have absolutely no interest in any settlement. They write devoted collective letters to him. celebrated Soviet dissidents and political prisoners from the past have simply entered senility. but for the sake of such a sacred goal you may sit down and embrace the bloody vampire from the Lubyanka even in the presidiums of various "civic forums". Rybakov. no doubt he would have signed it. signed this fawning billet-doux to Putin is very depressing. This letter leaves not just a sad. When Rusnya [Russia]. no wandering around the halls of Europe. To appeal to a whole nation to voluntarily climb into the crocodile's mouth "in order to save the peaceful population". and so on. Basayev) . when these exposed "informers" in their ranks were held in deserved contempt. Meanwhile. not to go too far in "defending the rights of specific people". what they are doing now is not much worse than just writing petitions to the bloody maniac in the Kremlin. then perhaps we should explain to them. He then described us as Raskolniks [dissidents]. which needs a 'war for a war'. in this way making it clear to each and everyone that they recognize this vampire as their lawful president. a former Soviet political prisoner and a member of the DU [Democratic Union]. the peaceful populations will become more radical. too. in the dissident years of the 70s. one of the last of the inflexible. but a loathsome impression. was the "West"??? [Question marks as published] A typical Aziopa [Asia and Europe].the main thing is not to quarrel with the Kremlin. In other words . and the latter to annihilation by his punitive forces. or that the old. Do these respected human rights activists and inveterate humanists realize who they are really working for by deliberately splitting the ranks of the fighting Chechen Resistance? If they do not. Feb 2005 kopecks". perhaps some four whole years. from that very meeting on 22 February 2001 which was arranged by all these leading "moderate and conscientious" human rights campaigners. provocateurs. who undoubtedly more acutely than anyone else has been in need of protection. If [former Russian dissident Andrey] Sakharov had been alive. splitting the ranks of those very Chechens whose fate they appear to be so concerned about? However. whereas having declared the "militants" from the very outset "extremists" and "terrorists" and urging them to surrender to the discretion of Russia and her authorities. The latter are being fed the so-called "conditional independence plan" which is actively supported by the humanrights-anti-war group. the Kremlin and the Lubyanka." the human rights champions write. which had prepared for the next day. composing and signing malicious lies and deliberately driving a wedge. At the same time. How can a war with Rusnya be a "war with the West"?? And this was signed by Kovalev. merited human rights champions. a "Third Rome" inclining towards a Third Reich. But the fact that Yuliy Rybakov. whether they want to recognize this or not. the vampire with cold fish eyes who is dripping in the blood of the Chechen people. everything falls into place when you recall that since December 1994 all these "Memorials" and "Helsinki groups" have defended exclusively the PEACEFUL POPULATION [web site's capitals]. This is a direct lie. And there was a time. not even the most advantageous conditions for a peace settlements for the secular wing of the separatists. At that meeting he got up on the platform and gave a roasting to the more radical wing of Moscow's anti-war movement. When people like him join in the yelping of the aforementioned whelps to the elephant (in this case. and it is particularly rotten in with the conscience and courage of its best people. They are working for Putin. So one wants to say that the world has gone mad. [Valeriy] Borshchev and [Father Gleb] Yakunin. no debates in the European Parliament and PACE [Parliamentary Assembly of the ~ 59 ~ . And it is a long time since we heard such garbage from Sergey Adamovich Kovalev. and they consider his authority legitimate and are prepared to subordinate themselves to it. another more radical meeting in memory of the deportation of the Chechen people. and for the conscientious section of this nation which is resisting this "savior" to branch away and expose itself to dishonor and try to disarm that's their clever idea of "human rights" for you. irreconcilable and uncompromising ones. Let me give you a quote from it: "It is obvious that among the 'militants' there will be an increase every year of the ratio of 'Islamic radicals' for whom the war in Chechnya is merely one of several fronts of the struggle against the West. However. "There is something rotten in the state of Denmark".
Ponomarev. No playing at human rights. announced on 2 February 2005 a unilateral ceasefire of all armed Chechen forces. Yes. but according to conscience and honor. the day prior to the 60th anniversary of Stalin’s deportation of the Chechen people to Central Asia. It is a rebuff by those people who our petitioners to Putin call "Islamic radicals". all this history does a very dubious service to Maskhadov . protecting the name of Maskhadov. "One cannot have any talks with terrorists. they can only be wiped out!" Is that clear. defending the rights and freedom of his people many hundreds of times more effectively than all the [Lev] Ponomarevs and Kovalevs. are as far removed as is heaven from earth. in reference to Your current visit to the Russian Federation. sending pathetic petitions to the authorities or calling for a "clear political dialogue" will help to save a people who are being exterminated by the antihumans in Russian uniform but who are dealing an armed rebuff [to these invaders] all the time and everywhere. and the rest of you? Appeal for Peace in Chechnya Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organisation 2005-02-12 Dear Mrs. Messrs Kovalev. Feb 2005 Council of Europe] resolutions will substitute for the autonomous group of the mojahedin outside Vedeno [District in Chechnya] which is daily fighting and routing the Russian invaders and their booty. even in spite of their service in the Soviet camp (some of them). To most Chechens. when the President of the Chechen Republic Ichkeria Aslan Mashadov ordered to stop unilaterally the offensive military ~ 60 ~ . 14.000 Chechen children. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Mashkadov Government has announced that the ceasefire "is intended to demonstrate to the Russian side and the international community the will of the Chechen leadership to resolve the RussianChechen conflict by peaceful means. Incidentally. the butcher of a peaceful population. To bring forward the recent Chechen initiative to the attention of all the UN bodies mandated to work on matters of security and conflict resolution. President Mashkadov declared that until 22 February 2005. as will the talks with the murderer of 42.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. with a war criminal and international terrorist. Chechen troops will not attack Russian positions. Louise Arbour." Human Rights organizations worldwide have welcomed this initiative as yet another offer by President Mashkadov to end violence and renew dialogue toward a political resolution of the decade-long conflict. led by President Aslan Mashkadov. From this point of view it is precisely Shamil Basayev who is today and in all the years of the war has been the most effective and consistent champion of human rights. To entreat the Russian authorities to use the ceasefire offer as an opportunity to begin dialogue on a negotiated resolution of the conflict.02. UNPO urges the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: To acknowledge the importance of this ceasefire. Member of UNPO. from which all those who signed the letter to Putin. President Maskhadov remains a legitimate authority and is Chechnya's only democratically elected leader. The Government of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria . as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.his name is being used by the Russian "human rights champions" as a kind of symbol of "moderation". all wars always end in talks. and this group of comrades writes all its false nonsense about the "radical wing of the militants". To recognize the efforts of the Chechen party towards a settlement of the ongoing conflict. UNPO would be grateful if the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights will give due consideration to the requests contained in this letter. Considering the critical opportunity embodied in President Mashkadov’s initiative. as is Putin's Chekist junta which rules Russia. Sincerely. Marino Busdachin General Secretary Application of Ahmed Zakaev the Department of the governmental information Chechenpress. I take this opportunity to bring the following to Your attention. And that six-barrel rocket launcher which he demonstrated recently during an interview to British television is a symbol of REAL [website's capitals] protection of human rights.05 Since the moment. almost on his behalf. On behalf of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO).
During all years of the war the Chechen management insists on the international monitoring of the conflict. but also in Russia . I remind you that fighting started at about 0100 [2200 GMT] in the flood plains of the River Argun. The special representative of the President of the Chechen Republic Ichkeria in foreign countries Chechen Rebel Envoy Denies Reports of Planned Attack Moscow Ekho Moskvy Radio in Russian 1000 GMT 14 Feb 05 [Announcer] Fighting in the North Caucasus is not ending. there have been reports about a new battle. law-enforcement sub units are inspecting the villages. and the Russian party prevents such a monitoring. However this propaganda convinces only. Who provoked the clash today? Nadezhda Pravdina tried to clear this up. We also declare. or that he does not control the forces of the Resistance. we expected provocations from the Russian “federals”. patrols were deployed. the Russian authorities do not let foreign journalists. but also we call international observers to become arbitrators in the problems of observance of the moratorium on offensive actions declared by the Chechen party in the beginning of February.2004). Now. about attacks. about cease-fire. what can prevent the security officers' regime to carry out next bloody provocation? It is enough to remember. that the Russian special services in the nearest future will dramatize acts of terrorism in the territory of the Russian Federation as well. because we have nothing to conceal. logically. Akhmed Zakayev. Moreover. After the fighting last night. Today. Chechen separatists continue to fulfill Maskhadov's order for a complete cease-fire until the end of February. And if the Russian party declares about infringements of this moratorium by the Chechen fighters. is not observed. Ilya Shabalkin said. And to accuse Aslan Mashadov either of insincerity. Ilya Shabalkin. At the present time. it should be most interested in that the international public on behalf of independent observers would make sure in it. that Putin ascended to the Kremlin throne through the corpses of hundreds of his own citizens. according to his assurances.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. He said there were 15 rebels in total. Ahmed Zakaev. the Russian mass-media. Shabalkin became too garrulous and almost daily reports about losses of the federal army. [Chechen rebel leader] Aslan Maskhadov's envoy. According to the spokesman for the regional operational headquarters for counterterrorist operations in the North Caucasus. having broken his "credo". President Mashadov. However. As in Aslan Mashadov's order it is said about the moratorium on offensive actions not only in the Chechen Republic . this news raises particular interest bearing in mind the one-way cease-fire which the separatists have declared. In the course of a short combat encounter. that from two contending parties only the criminal one is interested in absence of unbiased observers in the zone of the conflict. The purpose of these publications is quite obvious: to convince the public that the unilateral moratorium declared by the Chechen President. [Correspondent] The special operation is continuing near the Chechen villages of Staryye and Novyye Atagi. that we are not only ready. To understand the provocative essence of these reports is enough to remember the application of general Shabalkin. ostensibly. the object of which occupational forces and the pro-Russian puppet structures were. who had been blown up by his special services in apartment houses of the Russian cities in autumn. 24. that liars sooner or later turn out to be in an awkward situation. In order to carry out genocide of the Chechen people and fulfillment of the meanest provocations. Really. which before had extremely avariciously informed about the events in the Chechen Republic . [Shabalkin] Because there was convincing information about this move. Certainly. representatives of the legal and humanitarian organizations to the Chechen Republic . the purpose of which are to discredit the peace initiatives of the Chechen management. bombardments and undermining carried out. by the Chechen fighters.08. after the publication of the order of the President. we do not exclude also. six gunmen were killed. ~ 61 ~ . It is a kind of credo and I am not going to break it" ("The Time of News". 1999. said in an interview with our radio station that this information does not correspond with reality. federal troops knew about the attack before. because it is interested in concealing its crimes from the international public. sub units are continuing inspections in the area where the clash took place. Feb 2005 actions. began to publish numerous reports on attacks. We declare that forces of the Resistance strictly follow the order of the Commander-in-Chief of the Chechen Armed forces. the main information megaphone of the invaders: "Our headquarters never report about loss of the federal army. [Correspondent] One of the rebels killed today in Staryye Atagi is most probably an Arab mercenary. In this situation it is quite obvious.
There are many of them. But there is a general tendency: all of these field commanders recognize Maskhadov. 2004 (Interfax) ." Alexeyeva said. Do you think the Spanish or the Americans would become indignant. "The generation that grew up during the war fanatically believes in an idea and knows only how to fight. If the Basques in Spain suddenly called for negotiations. "Now his influence extends over the whole North Caucasus. and not only in Chechnya – then negotiations must be conducted with the armed resistance. First it is necessary to evaluate Maskhadov's call for negotiations. But will this help?" she said. talks with him are impossible. as our military and politicians are doing? See how the world is now applauding what is going on at the negotiating table in the Middle East!" Aushev also argued that Maskhadov's influence is greater today that it was in the past. five-percent rating that Boris Yeltsin had during the middle of his presidency. "This primarily concerns terrorists." Alexeyeva told Interfax on Thursday. "Conducting negotiations with them will be a million times more complicated. And for those people who are coming out against that policy. There is no solution using force. Or the Iraqis announced to the American government: we are declaring a moratorium and are halting attacks on your forces. However. not necessarily Maskhadov. former Ingushetian President Ruslan Aushev commented on Maskhadov's ceasefire and call for peace talks. exemplified by Movsar Baraev. If we want peace in the Caucasus – precisely in the Caucasus. His unit will possibly agree not to fight. Asked whether he thought the ceasefire was holding. AUSHEV CALLS ON MOSCOW TO SIT DOWN FOR TALKS… The Jamestown Foundation CHECHNYA WEEKLY: News and Analysis on the Crisis in Chechnya 16 February 2005 ." Aushev said. and Ruslan Khuchbarov. [Correspondent] I remind you that it was in the middle of January that Aslan Maskhadov gave the order for a complete one-way cease-fire across the whole territory of Chechnya and beyond its borders until 22 February. The Chechen leadership has proposed that the leader of the Chechen separatists." Alexeyeva said." Aushev added: "Don't belittle Maskhadov with the assertion that he doesn't control anything." he told the bi-weekly. the Russian president's plenipotentiary representative in the Southern Federal District. Feb 2005 [Zakayev] There are no large clashes because the sub units which are under the command of president Maskhadov are all strictly adhering to this order. "It would be pointless to hold talks with Maskhadov. Dmitriy Kozak. who reputedly led the September 2004 Beslan school hostage-taking raid. inasmuch as organized resistance to the policy of the federal center is growing throughout the Caucasus. the armistice was declared in a mark of good will. "Contacts should be established with various war lords in Chechnya. including [Shamil] Basayev. Aslan Maskhadov. gives himself up. Negotiations with guerrillas involved in terrorist attacks are impossible. Russian Official Says Pointless To Hold Talks With Chechen Leader Maskhadov MOSCOW. Here's a comparison for you. it is exactly Maskhadov who is a symbol. According to the separatists. Aushev answered: "I believe that is a secondary issue. Under any other circumstances. nobody doubted his power and authority.Volume VI. but all the other field commanders are acting independently. I repeat. Talks could be held with him if he took people hostage and if it helped release them." Aushev also suggested that negotiations with Maskhadov may be a last chance. Issue 7 In an interview with Novaya gazeta published on February 14. they have been ~ 62 ~ . He has his own unit. is and will be. Maskhadov. Dec 16. not armies. there are many groups that operate autonomously for a half a year at a time. It wasn't for nothing that [former commander of the federal forces in Chechnya Viktor] Kazantsev ordered the detention of Chechnya's male population from age 10 to 60… And another thing: don't imagine the Khuchbarovs and Baraevs to be savages. she said. Moscow Helsinki Group head Lyudmila Alexeyeva said. given the character of the younger separatist fighters.It would not make sense to hold negotiations with Chechen separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov. is a symbol of this idea. there is an idea that must be fought only with ideas. has called Maskhadov's declaration political PR. who led the October 2002 hostage-taking raid on Moscow's Dubrovka Theater. "Maskhadov is not supreme commander-in-chief there [in Chechnya]. Was. "Several years ago Maskhadov was influential within Chechnya. tanks and planes. Yes. Even given the extremely low. And to assess it based on world experience. They are waiting for an adequate response from Russia. whose name acts like a red rag.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures.
" A spokesman for the Russian military operation ~ 63 ~ . aggressive ideology. of course. "Three years ago. Council of Europe SecretaryGeneral Terry Davis told Ekho Moskvy while on an official visit to Moscow that only negotiations can end the bloodshed in the North Caucasus. "But there are constant provocations from the Russian special services. they are informed.-Major Ilya Shabalkin. This. the responsibility for the escalation of the conflict. It also reported that one Russian serviceman was killed and six wounded in the fighting. a group of fighters were spotted. They are trying to discredit our idea of a ceasefire. The only outcome of ‘pacification' was the emboldening of radicals at the expense of the moderate Chechen leadership. for unity with Russia. leading to the outrage of Beslan and the spread of militant ideology throughout the Caucasus.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Bush should realize that his hands-off policy on Chechnya does not increase security but only breeds terror. death and destruction." Zakaev wrote. "We have not broken the ceasefire. According to preliminary information. demands a political solution. the U. Akhmed Zakaev. Bush to reconsider his position vis-à-vis Chechnya prior to his meeting with President Vladimir Putin in Bratislava later this month.S. Shabalkin said the rebel group numbered up to 15 and was located along the administrative border between the Shali and Groznensky rural districts near the villages of Starye Atagi and Novye Atagi. the population did not embrace the Quisling government and courts in Britain and the United States cleared Chechen political figures. around five militants were killed." Maskhadov's unilateral ceasefire is "a unique opportunity. told Agence France-Presse by telephone from London that the federal forces had "provoked" the battle and denied rebel forces had broken the unilateral ceasefire that Maskhadov recently announced." Zakaev said." he told the radio station. Federal forces went into action against them. in the Chechen Republic. they are determined about the way of their development. Issue 7 Gen." …AND ZAKAEV CALLS ON BUSH TO CHANGE HIS POLICY Akhmed Zakaev wrote an op-ed piece published in the International Herald Tribune on February 16 urging President George W. "And such a solution can be found through negations. claimed on February 14 that Federal Security Service (FSB) and Interior Ministry forces had carried out a special operation to destroy a group of rebels. The band was dispersed. of Russian accusations of terrorism. The people of Chechnya are tired of all this talk." REBELS AND FEDS BATTLE OVER CEASEFIRE The Jamestown Foundation CHECHNYA WEEKLY: News and Analysis on the Crisis in Chechnya 16 February 2005 . "Around 00:30 on Monday." Radio Liberty's Russian service reported later on February 14 that seven militants were killed during the operation near Starye Atagi." On February 14. perhaps the last. "An ambush was set up on the route along which the bandits were likely to move." "If Maskhadov and his associates want peace for the people of Chechnya. "If it is lost. it's an issue that must be resolved by the Russian authorities. is not an issue for the Council of Europe." Meanwhile." Alkhanov said. Interfax reported. president gave Putin the green light for his plan of Chechen pacification.Volume VI. "It is clear now that the strategy did not work: The armed resistance was not subdued." he said. to break the vicious circle of hatred. and that two of them were citizens of Saudi Arabia. spokesman for the Russian military operation in the North Caucasus. Chechen separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov's spokesman. all they have to do is stop the terror and surrender to the authorities. they are politicians. as well as disinformation being spread by the Russian army's press service. which consisted of draconian measures against the civilian population." Zakaev wrote. Shabalkin said the security forces launched the operation after receiving intelligence that a large rebel group was planning attacks on federal military installations. Chechen President Alu Alkhanov said in an interview with Interfax published on February 10 that there is "absolutely no need to negotiate with Maskhadov or his associates to establish peace in Chechnya. behind them is a young. "The situation in Chechnya. such as myself. the installation of a puppet government and a propaganda campaign in the West that portrayed the Chechen independence movement as Islamic terrorists. technologically armed and are growing. "They know perfectly well where they should go – the Prosecutor's Office or other law enforcement agencies. Six of the rebels were reportedly killed and ten escaped. Feb 2005 fighting all of their lives. they have voted for the constitution. further radicalization of the Caucasus and the inevitable increase of terrorism will go to those who persist in the failed policy of appeasing Putin.
the “KavkazCentre” news agency has conducted an interview with the General Representative of the Chechen President abroad Umar Khanbiyev. what is the hidden motive of the PACE initiative? Umar Khanbiyev : The joint delegation of the Parliament and Government of CRI expressed their negative attitude to the mentioned initiative as far back as the autumn session of the ~ 64 ~ . who. «There is no alternative to the Chechen peace initiative» Kavkaz-Centre 2005-02-19 01:21:13 In view of the peace initiative launched by the President of CRI Aslan Maskhadov. And this happens despite the fact that the Kremlin analysts regard their president as a programmed manrobot unable to take a clever move. as it always happened during the last five years. of course. the person whose reaction should be dictated by the judgment of the sober-minded and responsible politician. do you have any alternative moves in store to force Russia to take part in peace talks? Umar Khanbiyev : Today's situation cardinally differs from the circumstance in the past when we suggested peace initiatives. At any rate. “Kavkaz-Centre” publishes the answers of the General Representative of the President of CRI abroad. When the Russian leadership clarifies itself." The federal authorities have long charged that Maskhadov exercises little or no control over the separatist forces. A number of Chechen politicians and official representatives have expressed their criticism with respect to the PACE. with President Maskhadov's announcement of a moratorium on offensive operations. However. thanks to this war. RIA Novosti reported. I share President Aslan Maskhadov's optimism and I will do everything in my power to establish contacts with the Russian side. and reports of separatist fighters initiating attacks would give credence to that assertion. The Decree on appointment of the Governmental delegation for contacts with the Russian side. Feb 2005 in the North Caucasus also claimed on February 14 that rebels had attacked two cars carrying federal troops in the Kurchaloi district village of Akhkinchu-Borzoi but that none of the servicemen were hurt. this is not new to us – we have already predicted such trend of developments. I do not understand to whom it is advantageous to have such president. seems to be very illusive. our optimism.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. What is your prognosis? Umar Khanbiyev : Judging by the first morbid reaction on the part of Russia. stating that there is no war in Chechnya. is a demonstration of Maskhadov's confidence that Putin is able to take a reasonable step. The rapid and impetuous processes taking place in the Caucasus have changed the proportion of forces and the prospects of the Kremlin to settle the political problems by using force. it is advantageous neither to the Chechens. The separatist Kavkazcenter website on February 15 commented on the reported AkhkinchuBorzoi attack: "What calls attention to itself is the fact that while the Russian occupation command earlier rejected all reports by the Chechen side about mujahideen military operations. Such team has already been formed and is looking forward to the contacts from the Russian side. Question: Has the negotiating team been formed to carry out talks with the Russian side? Umar Khanbiyev: Yes. We recall that the Chechen armed forces command categorically rejected all previous statements by the Russian side about military clashes on Chechen territory. And he was right. Question: If the Russian side abandons call. Russia can put forward no alternative to the Chechen peace initiative. have come into power by chance”. the occupiers are now trying in every way possible to stress that the war in Chechnya is continuing. Question: Many commentators and analysts have already expressed their doubt that the Kremlin regime will support the initiative of peace negotiations with Chechnya . we will publish the list of our delegation. That is why Maskhadov's appeal is addressed to Putin. Maskahdov puts trust in political goodwill of the President of Russian Federation. the Russian authorities do not want to destroy the statehood of Russia . The spokesman said spetsnaz that arrived at the scene spotted a group of rebels numbering up to seven and killed three of them. nor to the Russians. President of CRI Aslan Maskhadov noted in his conversation that he guesses the “reaction of the hawks” of the military clique and ambitious smatters at politics. In your opinion. issued following the order on temporary suspension of all kinds of offensive actions on the territory of CRI and RF. if. Question: The initiative of the PACE with regard to the so-called “round table” on Chechnya to be held in Moscow has lately been at the centre of attention of the media. really. Nevertheless.
we have witnessed his attempts to stir up opposition between the Chechen politicians. we have well grounded hopes that the UN. The persistency of Mr. In our opinion. We have invited them. However the matter is that for the first time it became known about Mashadov's order from Basaev's application. that "the whole party" observes conditions of the armistice? The words "not the whole party” are resulted to show. We shall agree conditionally that this group of the Chechen fighters ignored the order of President Mashadov on a suspension of offensive and diversive actions. what place is given to the “Chechen question” in the policy of the European countries today? Umar Khanbiyev : It would be a mistake to judge about the place of the “Chechen question” by the public policy of the European countries. But nevertheless they did not stop. Politkovskaya has some strange logic here. The freshest example: on February. the commander of which. for the battalion of kamikazes "Riyadus Salihiyn" (The Gardens of the Just"). At the same time.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. What part is it? Many western and Russian observers including Anna Politkovskaya. for example. is an example of that… not the whole party submits to Mashadov". Such an expert in Chechen affairs. since the events of the "Northeast". it is aimed at imitation of the “concern” on the part of PACE. It has aleays been the subject of the backstage talks. Shamil Basaev put down all official military and political posts in the structures of the CRI. Shamil Basaev always openly and publicly takes responsibility. And since autumn. which submit directly to him. I can state unambiguously that the “round table” initiated by Gross for the benefit of the Kremlin is recognized as inexpedient by the Chechen side and was removed from the agenda in the autumn of the past year. will not make us wait for its positive attitude to the “Chechen question” for a long time. About Reputation Chechenpress. 21. there was a fight and explosion in the destroyed building of the former poultry farm in a settlement of the Suburban October region of Groznyy. Mr. But whether it is possible to claim on the basis of this UNIQUE example. We admit that on February. subdivide the Chechen Resistance into two segments: "moderate" (submitting to Mashadov) and "radical" (submitting to Basaev). analyst Anna Politkovskaya should know that.05 Considering results of the unilateral armistice declared by President Mashadov "The New newspaper's" observer Anna Politkovskaya writes : "Mashadov's result consists. in traditions of the second war. And if Mashadov's order is broken with some significant part of the Resistance. And so for all last years after the "Northeast" Shamil Basaev for the first time enters into a commitment to observe the moratorium declared by Mashadov on suspension offensive and diversive actions till ~ 65 ~ . which. that Mashadov's order is broken not by separate groups of Resistance. Question: In your opinion. 21. that fighting operations were deduced to the minimum. after carrying out a reform inside the organization. it is the truth. where Anna Politkovskaya did not reach for the reason that she had been poisoned in the plane (guess by whom). it is natural to assume. as the result of which nine "military men of the 42 nd motorshooting division" were lost. but with a significant part of it. He was in search of contacts with me to invite me to take part in his “round table' in Moscow . 03. has bogged down in corruption and cooperation with the countries-outcasts. You know the position of the European Parliament that totally differs form the position of the PACE. that this disobedient part consists just of Basaev's groups. in particular. Besides that. Andres Gross cannot have any positive influence on the Russian-Chechen war. What for? To all appearances. 21. who doubled this order for those groups. when his actions are contrary to orders of President Mashadov.what kind of armistice is that? February. just about the end of the armistice.03. unfortunately. Gross astonishes me. during the events in Beslan. Tit for tat . but they refused to take part in our action – Maskhadov and his supporters do not want peace. If Lord Judd was mistaken hoping that he would have been able to bring the Russian-Chechen war to the end by means of this kind of “round table” in 2002. as it was. Feb 2005 Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe to stage any kind of “round tables”. 2002. The “Chechen question” has always been on the agenda of the meetings with the Russian leadership. with the rare exception. to tick off the items of activities. Gross insists on this and aggressively rejects the fair censorious remarks. publicly swore to kill three insurgents for each "our" one. near the building of a poultry farm there was a fight of some group of the Resistance with invaders. destruction of nine military men of the 42 nd motor-shooting division. “The round table” in such a format as declared by Mr.
several hours earlier was noticed in other settlements of the Gudermes region of the Chechen republic. So. they are not considered to be anyone serious. four people were wounded. that the military techniques of the invaders was full of Russian chastisers. Shabalkins. shabalkins have achieved the purpose. can easily check up (one of these reports she cites in the mentioned article). "Mashadov does not control the whole party”. three of them died on their way to hospital". naturally. The "shooting" in the Hankala realities appeared later. sending fighters for attacks on invaders. putins and tauses dzhabrailovs can speak. Local residents report. which Russians apply in destruction of Chechens. the statement constructed on the fact of this explosion: that. we shall result only three reports. And the automobile "Niva" from which the block post with national-traitors was shot. It is said about explosion here. "having proved". ostensibly. was killed. who was not connected to Mashadov by any official obligations. maybe. Anna Politkovskaya should rummage in archives and see. And whether it is necessary to undermine this reputation with superficial and poorly proved charges? Meanwhile. "the significant part of the Resistance does not submit to Mashadov” should not be considered to be the proof of journalistic objectivity. 22: "In the settlement Suburban. whom Russia with whole packs drives to the slaughter to the Chechen Republic . And if Basaev promised. But Anna Politkovskaya very uneasily. And whether in this unique case of actions agreed with the Chechen President he would begin to deceive. how the given automobile accompanied by two "UAZ" and cars "Ural" was going in direction of the regional center Gudermes. came to the minds of Shabalkins. he would have declared about it. saw. if Mashadov supervises nothing there"? And judging by Politkovskaya publication. According to the interlocutor of the agency. with her old connections in the Chechen Republic. However. as a person. murderers and terrorists) has reacted to it. we shall do it. about 15 o'clock inhabitants of the settlement Novogroznyy. As the result of the attack one of the employees of the pro-Moscow militia. that he would observe the moratorium. in order to clear up the situation with the armistice and in what habitual provocative way "this party" (that is the "party" of Putin's gangs. informs that on February. The explosive could have been incorporated by anybody and whenever: realities of the Chechen Republic are such. People managed to remember the face of one provoker going in the "Niva".7. in the evening a group of unknown people moving by the car “Niva” attacked an occupational block post situated in the settlement Gerzel-aul at the administrative border of the Chechen Republic with the Republic of Dagestan . secretly sending his fighters for attacks on invaders? Such behavior is absolutely senseless. which some Russian soldiers touched unintentionally. and struggling against Russians with the same methods. If president Mashadov is most interested in that all groups of the Resistance observed his order and. cost such a “lose of personality” in opinion of Basaev? One should know nothing about the Chechen mentality to assume such. If she has a lack of time. on Monday evening 9 military men from investigation unit of the 42 nd crew of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation died and 3 of them received traumas as the result of ruining of a wall of one of the houses. who did not keep his word? Whether lives of unfortunate nine invaders. when the idea to use this incident in propaganda purposes and to try to discredit the Chechen President. Six military men died at once. what benefit was for him to appear before the Chechen fighters and the whole Chechen people in the role of a person. After an hour all four cars were noticed in ~ 66 ~ . what they want. and if Shamil Basayev does not have absolutely any benefit to find reputation of "the artful person" in opinion of Chechens. It was a man with a red beard. near Groznyy. what were the very first realities of the Russian military representatives from the place of destruction of those nine invaders.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. breaking his orders. If Shamil Basaev had intended to continue diversions and attacks in days of the moratorium. The first report: The ORCHD in the press release No 1152 of February. this is a citation from the report of "Interfax" for February. In particular. 22. that "the significant part" of "that party" did not submit to Mashadov. forcing the respectful journalist to rush between two mutually exclusive theses: "negotiations with Mashadov are necessary". in literal sense with risk for her life has extracted the reputation of a fair journalist. the reliability of which Politkovskaya. 2005 . about what Politkovskaya also writes. And it allows the Kremlin inhabitants to wave away from appeals to begin political dialogue with the legitimate Chechen leader. but there is not any word about "shooting". Feb 2005 February. the wall fell at an explosion of a mine-trap. situated near the settlement Noibera of the Gudermes region. 11. "What dialogue are you talking about. he would not begin to break it. who was on duty on the post.
peace can be established. he gave a broad outline of peace terms he said could be acceptable to both sides. slightly processed with butts. Dagestan. The second report: Kadyrov's supporters replaced Yamadaev's supporters in this area about one month ago. But it is possible. Maskhadov made the statement in response to written questions posed by RFE/RL's North Caucasus Service. Kadyrov's gangsters detained two Russian terrorists mortgaging a mine at the roadside. what the invaders were engaged with.3 million reward for his capture. following the order from above. that on February. Adlan Beno According to the correspondent of the Chechenpress. whom they terrorize day and night. not only do not observe the moratorium declared by A. 21 in the Groznyyrural region of the CHRI at the entrance to the settlement Gikalo employees of the puppet "militias of the Chechen Republic " detained two Russian terrorists mortgaging a mine on the road. Both invaders were severely beaten by Kadyrov's gangsters and taken to the base in Hosi-Yurt. that now they are released. as after such detentions. near the regional centre Vedeno. Czech Republic--March 4. what Russia wants in Chechnya. Maskhadov's answers. Feb 2005 the regional centre Gudermes.that they. militiamen did not release the invaders. Maskhadov was elected president of ~ 67 ~ . and with such actions try "to please" the inhabitants of the region." Asked about the extent of his authority in Chechnya. where this detention and its circumstances were written down.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. colleagues of the detained terrorists. I don't think there are such units in Ingushetia. one of the most wanted men in Russia. in both the Chechen and Russian languages. The employees of puppet militia going on the line Groznyy . In one and a half hour the people in a car "Niva". Before taking them to the base. Maskhadov said: "I don't think that there are any units on Chechen territory that would ignore my orders. 21. noticed two invaders pottering about opposite to the turn to the settlement Gikalo. According to the local residents. Both terrorists were detained. Meanwhile. and brought to the regional department of militia of the Groznyy-rural region. were received today (Friday) via the Internet. 20. Employees of puppet militia openly speak. Puppets decided to check up. However that day. and caught them literally for a hand during mortgaging of a mine. says a 30minute meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin would be enough to stop the decade-long conflict in Chechnya. having learned about their destiny.Shatoi. If we are able to open the eyes of our opponents. The third report: The inhabitants of the regional centre Vedeno report. ostensibly. to explain to the president of the Russian Federation what the Chechen people do want-I'm sure he doesn't even know that--and also to hear from Putin personally what he wants. both invaders were sent from Shali commandant's office for this provocative purpose. that the Russian terrorists were going to make a provocation: to undermine inhabitants of the settlement Gikalo. and then through Shabalkin to accuse the fighters of the Resistance of this crime. Maskhadov said: "We have been suggesting that a 30-minute fair. . made an attack on the Gerzelskiy post. KabardinoBalkaria and Karachayevo-Cherkessia either. on February. which was near the former state farm "Teplichnyy".Mashadov. the Russian leaders. on February. Kadyrov's gangsters showed the invaders to the local residents." The Russian government has labeled Maskhadov a terrorist and refused to deal with him. We shall remind that Chechen Separatist Leader Outlines Peace Terms in RFE/RL Interview Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty (Prague. immediately went to the regional department of militia to get them out of there." Maskhadov said a peace dialogue could begin with agreement on the following points: "guaranteeing the security of the Chechen people and protecting Russia's regional and defense interests in the North Caucasus. In an interview with Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. This not just empty talk but reality. the puppet militiamen should relieve Russian military criminals. 2005) Chechen separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov. face-to-face dialogue should be enough to stop this war. but also "undermine peace inhabitants". All military units on Chechen territory and in the neighboring countries are under the subordination of Chechen resistance. He said it is his firm belief that Putin is getting bad information about the situation in Chechnya from his commanders and does not really know what is going on. It promises to pay a $10.
international communications service to Eastern and Southeastern Europe.and to hear from Putin's own lips what he wants and what Russia wants in Chechnya. All the fighting units in Chechnya and in the neighbouring republics are subordinate to the leaders of the Chechen Resistance. especially. calling on them to sit down at the conference table? What were you hoping for? [Maskhadov] It seems to me that the president of the Russian Federation has been profoundly led astray. the Middle East. Chechen and Circassian languages to the North Caucasus region.pardon the expression "crap". his local puppets. In a house where there were mojahedin troops were brought in with the aim of cordoning off this area. the Caucasus. there are not even such units in Ingushetia. Chechen Leader Ready For Dialogue. at www. [Maskhadov] [passage omitted: greetings in Chechen] I will try with great pleasure to answer the questions put by the representatives of the news agencies. this war can be stopped. including Chechen agencies. And this is precisely what happened. his closest advisors and. Central Asia. what was behind your last approach to the Russian leaders.I am certain that he doesn't know this . It looks like this is the way it is in the Russian special services. And we don 't know this either. Imagine the situation. entitled "Aslan Maskhadov: 'The Chechen mojahedin will fight to the end in this war'"] [Excerpt] CRI [Chechen Republic of Ichkeria] President Aslan Maskhadov replies to questions put by correspondents of world news agencies. produced in Prague and transmitted to listeners via satellite and shortwave transmission. and when the federal troops occupied the house ~ 68 ~ . Kabarda-Balkaria and Karachayev-Cherkessia. In my opinion. by declaring a moratorium on hostilities from our side I was compelled to give additional instructions from the point of view of ensuring their own security. funded by the U. the federal troop generals. But Says Rebels Will Fight to End If Necessary Tbilisi Chechenpress WWW-Text in Russian 04 Mar 05 [Interview with Chechen rebel President Aslan Maskhadov. no brains at all. I was told about this straightaway and I was forced to issue an order to the amir to act according to the situation. But in this instance. It is my profound conviction that [Vladimir] Putin just doesn't realize what is really going on in Chechnya today. the Russian leaders. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty is a private. his special services. And I never associated with those subordinates who were inclined to play up to such leaders because it was mainly the cause and the combat readiness of the troops that suffered from this. If the moratorium had been declared from both the warring sides. This is very easy when there is complete censorship of the media.rferl. Congress through the Broadcasting Board of Governors. this is what happened on 21 February in a suburb of Groznyy. A moratorium has been declared from the Chechen side but the opposite side carries out special operations and cleansing. Dagestan. We believe that 30 minutes of honest dialogue face to face is enough to stop this war and to explain to the president of the Russian Federation what the Chechens want . Has this moratorium been observed or not? Has your order been carried out? [Maskhadov] I don't believe there are units on Chechen territory who would ignore my order. Feb 2005 Chechnya in 1997 and removed from power in fierce fighting with the invading Russian army in 1999. These are not empty words. and the people to blame are. [Question] Regarding your latest peace initiative. He withdrew to prepared positions placing mines in the house. There is a legitimized practice in the army to tell your chief he wants to hear. might report or propose. Russia. Well. simply the way things are. To get this dialogue going all that is needed is to think about the following: Ichkeria requires a guarantee of the security of the Chechen people and Russia the protection of its regional and defence interests in the North Caucasus. and Southwest Asia. For example. you can imagine what worthwhile things a national traitor in the rank of a deputy prime minister who has two classes of education and. RFE/RL's North Caucasus Service broadcasts 2 hours of programming a day in the Avar.org.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. which is what he did. North Caucasus Service programming is also available via the Internet. as the esteemed [journalist Anna] Politkovskaya says. first and foremost. there would probably be no problems and the order would have been fulfilled precisely. [Question] You have declared a moratorium on offensive combat operations. When I was an officer in the Soviet army I never had any respect for those leaders who were satisfied with this .S. If we are able to open the eyes of our opponents.
[Maskhadov] That wasn't the case. I issued orders to form additional sectors: the Ingush. But only two leaders agreed with me the former governor of Krasnodar Territory [Nikolay] Kondratenko and the esteemed [former Ingush President] Ruslan Aushev. Amirs were appointed to all these sectors and today they are all subordinate to the military leadership of the Chechen Resistance. There was no need to blame [Usama] Bin Ladin or alQa'ida for this. The remainder did not want to spoil their relations with the future President Putin. Ukraine? Note that the territory of Chechnya is only 17. the Near East. And in what form of a settlement to the problem of mutual relations between Chechnya and Russia this security will be guaranteed we are prepared to sit down and discuss at the conference table with the participation of any international experts. Anyone who doesn't understand this is not living in the real world. While Russia has been waging a war in Chechnya the Chinese have been occupying the whole of Maritime Territory and Transbaykal Region and Russia will soon be forced to give the Kurile islands back to the Japanese.this is complete nonsense.000 square kilometres. too. Feb 2005 he blew it up. Kabarda-Balkaria. What is the difference . Nobody will "flush out" anyone . At first glance one wonders what is the point of such ambitious persistence of the Russian politicians and military with regard to Chechnya. I am. As you can see. So we don't understand: is Chechnya is an "internal problem" or a repulse of aggression from outside? And why are foreign politicians and Russian politicians. finally. There can be no winners in this war. [Question] Are you really certain that a war is going on in other republics of the North Caucasus? [Maskhadov] Yes. [Question] What ideals are you guided by in such a powerful opposition to Russia? What is the objective of your struggle? [Maskhadov] Our idea is to save our people from Russian tyranny and barbarity. After that we were forced to widen the front of the military resistance. Dagestani and other sectors. there could have been no victims if the politicians had had enough common sense to realize one thing: there can be no solution to the conflict by force. At the beginning of this war I urged all the leaders of the North Caucasus to get together in opposing this war. They are always telling us that if Chechnya goes Russia will crumble and "Islamic extremism" will spread throughout the North Caucasus. too. At the start of this war we waited in Ruslan Aushev's office exactly three hours for Putin to arrive when he was prime minister. and we will consider our aim to have been achieved if we deprive Russia of the right to kill Chechen people in the future with impunity. embarrassed to call this problem an international one? [Question] What do you think are the ideals that guide Putin in waging the war in Chechnya? [Maskhadov] I will try to answer this question. There were far more dead bodies in there than those officially declared but our mojahedin got away without losses. Dagestan. and in each military clash between the Russian power-wielders and the Chechen mojahedin a mercenary from alQa'ida is bound to figure. In my opinion this was an excuse. I am sure that Bin Ladin had never even seen these republics on the map. in Afghanistan. are they not playing into the hands of their opponents? [Question] They say that taking your relatives hostage forced you to issue the unilateral order to bring hostilities to a stop. There are times when we wonder why Moscow is constantly hinting that Chechnya is Russia's "internal problem". too.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures.my relatives or the relatives of my mojahedin who met the same fate a long time ~ 69 ~ . And we left when he telephoned to say that [former Russian President Boris] Yeltsin would not allow him to come. Exactly the same punitive operations as in Chechnya had begun in Ingushetia. So whose interests are the generals defending in Chechnya? On the contrary. We recall Yeltsin's words at the beginning of this war: "You will not go as far as war!" Yeltsin did not want this war because he was fed up with the disgrace of it. One has to ask oneself: is this defence of Russia's territorial integrity or the defence of Russia's regional and defence interests? Let's look at it from the other side: has the six-year bloody war in Chechnya served as a pretext for defending Russia 's interests in the Balkans. I warned these leaders that the war would enter their homes. I was sure that if they all said "no" to this war then the Russians would not dare start another military adventure. This servile psychology has done its work. in Central Asia. Georgia and. Already at the beginning of this war it was clear that it was impossible to keep it within the Chechen borders. But there has not been a single speech by the Russian defence minister where he does not speak about military intervention from outside. North Ossetia and Kabarda-Balkaria. The FSB and the federal troops imposed this war on all these republics.
I am thinking about this now. [Question] What role do you think the West is playing in this war? [Maskhadov] The West is biding its time. We are holding similar elections in Chechnya. will refuse to help the mojahedin. trying to solve its global strategic tasks . Somebody can be appointed. and the flames of this war will embrace the whole of the North Caucasus. Iraq. In the first war. one asks? Let them take these labels and hang them on their generals. Thank God. But there will be none of my representatives there because this is a job for a jackdaw.they call themselves power-wielders. There is a clear understanding how a Chechen should behave from this side and the other side during a forced clash. There is not a single mojahedin with us today who will submit to these dirty subterfuges of our enemies and national traitors. and there will be no calm on Chechen soil as a result of it. If today's Russian politicians do not have enough common sense to stop this war. another two or three stray MPs from the Ichkerian parliament. [Question] What long-term prospect do you see for Russia and Chechnya if they still don't sit down and talk in the next century? [Maskhadov] The war will go on. The Almighty will reward everyone for what they have done and for their part in this holy war. perhaps. Feb 2005 ago? What will change from all this if my relatives follow theirs? They are all the same to us. We can wait.what will it bring? Will your representatives be at this forum? [Maskhadov] This is a ridiculous undertaking of Andreas Gross. I am confident of that. at least they had some idea. energy problems.regional problems. too. and they know that tomorrow they ~ 70 ~ . whenever his sister or wife is taken hostage. And on the other side will sit nationalists like [leader of left-nationalist Motherland faction Dmitriy] Rogozin who also stand up for this war. Why? Because they know what will be the outcome of this whole military adventure.special servicemen. if Russia stops their pensions then the Chechens will die from hunger. The Russian people will constantly experience the fear of possible retribution from the Shahid suicide bombers in revenge for all the atrocities of the FSB and the federal troops in Chechnya. I can say for certain that the Chechen mojahedin will fight to the end in this struggle. Today there is no opposition to the violation of human rights and freedoms of whole peoples. There was fighting against this opposition and I took part in all these skirmishes. or before it. police. And the most valuable thing is that a mojahedin. Well. Not a single self-respecting Chechen policeman or. in other words the same as happened in the first war. [Akhmed] Avturkhanov and others. In other words. playing with Putin. They were well armed with all kinds of weapons including tanks and helicopter gunships. We have plenty of patience.the bands of [Ruslan] Labazanov. when the leaders of the western states realize that degree of danger which comes from Russia for the whole civilised world. But these clashes never reached the point of a prolonged confrontation.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. [Question] The bandit formations that have been breeding on Chechen territory today . And the Russian leadership today. Why can't we?" Well. Even those had brains. others will take their place in the future who will stop it. because God has rewarded us with restraint. [Question] This forthcoming "roundtable meeting" . You have probably heard what Putin said recently: "You are fighting in Iraq. imagine the peoples of the Caucasus. So who is the terrorist or the bandit. How do you see them? [Maskhadov] I think that Putin's flirting with the national traitors is a repeat of what happened in the past. continues to commit monstrous crimes on Chechen territory. then everyone will queue up to ask us Chechens to agree to stop this war. And therefore small peoples regretfully are left with only one thing to take up arms and defend their rights and their freedom.. Why? Because history must teach us something. for example: the Chechens cannot live without Russia. Afghanistan . special services. these people have been turned into animals. He will plant national traitors at the "roundtable meeting" in Moscow as Chechens who are chronically afraid who will find themselves in a state of shock if one word about the war being stopped is uttered. for example. comes to us and asks the question: does he have the right to do the same? And we always say to him: God does not permit this. killing Muslims. The Chechens have never fought among themselves and they never will. I don't want to call him a spokesman for the MPs in Chechnya.they can be killed. but with great ignominy. taking advantage of this. there was an opposition . the Almighty has not deprived us of tolerance! When the interests of the western powers and Russia in the Caucasus specifically collide. as they are called there . a PACE [Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe] deputy. and so on. [Beslan] Gantamirov. so why can' t we do this in Chechnya?" Or. this was something else he said: You hold elections in Afghanistan in order to control things there.
However. However. In other words. and Taymilev won an appeal from Tsarist execution.2005 President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Aslan Maskhadov ordered to unilaterally stop all forms of military activity of an offensive character. Maskhadov's envoy in Europe. According to the Kavkaz-Center. updated at 00:36 GMT) . the armed forces of the Chechen Resistance halt all forms of military activity – both on the territory of Chechnya and Russia. was not immediately available for comment. but has not been published until recently. following Maskhadov's order the influential Chechen guerrilla commander. and nothing else. Maskhadov's eight relatives. which was prepared by Patrushev for the Chechen mojahedin. Russia also criticised and exerted pressure on the supporters of such talks. The first Chechen war. no fierce confrontation between the Chechens. which cast serious doubts on the very idea of such talks. signed by Mashkadov and Russian General Aleksander Lebed in August 1996. But the realities show us that the reverse is the case .02. and I am probably not saying everything. Maskhadov was democratically elected President of the independent Chechen Republic of Ichkeria on January 27. Chechnya maintained its independence only for three turbulent years before the Russian army invaded it again. his political influence gradually diminished. he still remains a symbol of their independence from Russia. Thank you for your attention! Information and analysis center of the president of the CRI 3 March 2005 Kavkaz-Center: Maskhadov orders the resistance to suspend attacks February 2nd 2005 (Prague Watchdog. 2005. probably in March. who uses terrorist tactics to fight what he calls Russian terrorism. and he still hopes to reassure the president of this. at Russia's request. ordered his units to also suspend attacks until February 22. In December 2004. Recently.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Maskhadov repeatedly called for a ceasefire. and nor will there be. were kidnapped in Chechnya and are still missing. representatives of "separatists and terrorists" were excluded from the meeting. but he never forgot that he was a Chechen because he was a brave man. In the past. of Beybulat Taymilev [Chechen who was an associate of Pushkin and renowned for his bravery and compassion]and others. announced the propaganda website Kavkaz-Center this evening.3. And several days ago Chechen authorities finally started a criminal prosecution of this abduction case. Human rights defenders accused units subordinate to Ramzan Kadyrov (self-styled Moscow-backed Chechen vice-premier) of the kidnappings. Russian officials have not commented on the information as yet. they will not get the result they want. standard-bearer. Once again we learn the lessons of the history of the last war. The corresponding document was signed on January 14. But then the lab el of bandit. Websites close to the Chechen resistance have only quoted KavkazCenter's text. It also rejected some proposals for broader international involvement to solve the conflict. And there will be nowhere to run to. Shamil Basayev.As a gesture of goodwill. After the Russian military re-entered Chechnya in 1999. including two brothers and a sister. I had to speak up about this. published at 17:54 GMT. was ended by the Khasavyurt agreements. ~ 71 ~ . and they know that tomorrow we will have to live together. but Russia kept accusing him of terrorism and rejecting any idea of "peace talks" to end the conflict in Chechnya. Chechen resistance leader Aslan Maskhadov ordered all resistance units to suspend attacks both within Chechnya as well as outside its borders as of February. Yes. has already been fixed by the whole world on the Kremlin's puppet administration. In autumn 2004.there is no civil war. [FSB Director Nikolay] Patrushev hoped that he would be able to provoke a civil war in Chechnya. In accordance with the order. the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) announced its plan to hold what it called "a round table" on the conflict in Chechnya. but he still controlled part of the resistance and for some Chechens. Kavkaz-Center stated that Maskhadov signed the order on January 14. which started in 1994. it was decided that the meeting should take place in Moscow. That means payback time. Akhmed Zakayev. 1997. Sometimes we presented them with the ranks of ensign. the Caucasian war. Maskhadov almost ideally outplayed Moscow Chechen Times . Feb 2005 will have to answer.
since Umar Khanbiyev.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. General Envoy to the President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria to Foreign Countries. almost immediately commented on it. saying — as usual – he is not going “to conduct talks with Maskhadov.” or “has no influence on rebel fighters. the Chechen side looks much more convincing and Maskhadov’s latest order – is a bright evidence of that. it seems Alkhanov has certain doubts about his own legitimacy. Alu Alkhanov. because it is ready neither to discuss peace speaking the language of “good will” nor the language of “latent threats. The second – if military actions will continue. the methods of which he does not like and are even forbidden for the Ichkerian armed forces and prosecuted. Russian military analysts have always linked this date to a possible increase in military activity of the Resistance. The same goal is pursued by “The agreement on delimitation of powers” between Russia and Chechnya. said today that Maskhadov's order to unilaterally stop attacks is "a propaganda trick". Conversely. The unilateral truce is valid until February 22. according to Khanbiyev. Besides. but he was the President of Ichkeria. demonstrating his aspirations for peace.” And only this phrase absolutely clearly shows that in Chechnya Russia is struggling not against “international terrorism” but the Chechens’ legitimate aspirations for Independence. Clearly. However. but wellguided armed formations.” said Taus Jabrailov. “President” Alkhanov has also commented on this order. this situation will enable Moscow to press standard charges against Maskhadov saying either he “personally gives orders to terrorists. Moscow’s reaction can easily be foreseen: it is likely to ignore the offer. February 23 – is another anniversary of the Stalin deportation of Chechens. such order unambiguously shows that the armed units of the Resistance aren’t “fragmented groups”. which in fact admits that “the Chechen Republic is in the conditions of a special economic. Now everything says that the date when the truce offered by the Chechen side ends was chosen not accidentally and in fact “the demonstration of good will” contains an unambiguous hint to the Russian side. subordinated to the commander-in-chief and controlled by him. Umar Khambiyev. which act on their own. but their “prognoses” have never come up to expectations. Maskhadov's foreign envoy. a Chechen internet news agency ~ 72 ~ . repeatedly voicing its aspirations for a dialog. Maskhadov's Western European envoys said the order once again shows goodwill on the part of the Chechen resistance and their willingness to start political talks to resolve the conflict. and gives Russian military a serious matter for reflection. Feb 2005 However. a body created by Moscow before parliamentary elections could be held in Chechnya. was quoted today by Chechenpress. Besides. chairman of the Chechen State Council. We see it from the following statement: “We do not deny that Maskhadov was publicly elected. Nonetheless. there are no grounds to doubts its existence. the Kremlin will increase the intensity of military actions and reppressions in Chechnya – with a maniacal stubbornness it still considers any idea of negotiations only “a trick of rebel fighters searching a possible respite. Moscow denounces Maskhadov's ceasefire order February 3rd 2005 (Prague Watchdog) . and an attempt to draw attention to themselves. nor legally.” Today Moscow is not interested in a possible deterioration of the situation in Chechnya. 2005. adding that Maskhadov never fulfilled a single promise he made. "This is all just a bluff. He described this step from the Chechen side a demonstration of good will and an invitation to the Russian side to end the war at the table of political negotiations.” The first is possible only if the Chechen side observes the truce.” And in this respect we can say that Maskhadov almost ideally outplayed Moscow.” traditionally “forgetting” that the Chechen Resistance has never considered him or his predecessor as a negotiating side. while Kadyrov – was the President of the Chechen Republic. whom Moscow installed as President of the Chechen Republic in rigged elections last August. and first of all because of the scheduled PACE’s “round table” on “the Chechen problem” which is to help Moscow stop any mentioning of related military activities. genocide and instability.Chechen resistance leader Aslan Maskhadov's order for a ceasefire in February was denounced today by Russian and Moscow-backed Chechen officials as being nothing but a trick. Maskhadov can call himself the president neither morally. “Almost” – is because he has repeatedly said that in the Chechen Resistance there are groups which he cannot control. As a rule.” Most probably. social and ecological plight. a provocation.
Those were FORCED actions. And for those people who are coming out against that policy. First one must assess Maskhadov's call for negotiations. Feb 2005 close to the resistance as saying. Maskhadov. we!) were driven into a corner. it's obvious that Khasavyurt is being mythologized and dealt with in the wrong way. a Prague-based internet news agency. "Maskhadov signed the order in connection with the meeting to show goodwill. what you are asking is: does Maskhadov control the forces of resistance in Chechnya. and he will be. the guerrillas entered Grozny and blocked off the Federal forces. but the Committee members were denied EU visas after Russia exerted pressure on Belgian authorities. We hope that there will be political goodwill in Russia and that they will take adequate steps so that this long and bloody war can be over. After all. as a direct participant in those events. look how the world is applauding what is taking place on the negotiating table in the Middle East! And yet the question of Maskhadov's real influence is very important… I will put it this way. were kidnapped in Chechnya. But the general tendency is that all those field commanders recognize Maskhadov. a Russian radio station. A few years ago Maskhadov was influential within the confines of Chechnya.. Surrenders. The information that Chechen resistance leader Aslan Maskhadov ordered all his units to suspend attacks both within Chechnya as well as outside its borders as of February was published by the Kavkaz-Center news agency on Wednesday evening.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. unacceptable and unproductive. In the first place. aimed at the onset of the peace process. or doesn't he? I think that's a secondary question. Ruslan Aushev: «The War Is Leaving Us Behind» Kavkaz-Center 2005-02-17 01:03:23 If we don't reach a settlement with Maskhadov now. and not only in Chechnya. is a symbol of that idea. and this was demonstrated by all the forces. including the radical wing. What if one imagines the improbable: for the sake of peaceful aims Maskhadov meets the Kremlin's principal demand. as throughout the entire Caucasus an organized resistance to the policy of the Federal Center is spreading. If the Basques in Spain suddenly called for negotiations. including two brothers and a sister. tanks and planes. it's Maskhadov who is the symbol. "Every Chechen resistance force is interested in ending the war. was to take place in Belgium at the end of last year. or if the Iraqis said to the American government: we are declaring a moratorium and will stop attacking your troops – do you think the Spanish or the Americans would be indignant. he is. I repeat. then negotiations must be opened with the armed resistance. Yes. there is an idea which can only be fought with an idea.. not with an army. Even with the extremely low five percent rating Boris Yeltsin had in the middle of his presidency. Those who try to frighten people with recent history – the Khasavyurt agreements. Maskhadov's envoy Akhmad Zakayev confirmed the existence of the order and explicitly ruled out that it is somehow linked to the fact that two months ago Maskhadov's eight relatives." Zakayev stated during the radio interview. We (yes. Here's a comparison for you. in the Caucasus. Basayev. no one ever called his power and authority into doubt. Pulikovsky even wanted to bomb both his ~ 73 ~ . Now his influence extends to the whole of the North Caucasus. What would happen then? In the first place. there are many groupings there which act autonomously for up to six months or so. He added that discussions about this order were underway a long time ago and are linked with the planned meeting between Maskhadov’s representatives and those of the human rights organization Committee of Mothers of Russian Soldiers. And assess it from the perspective of the world's experience. To me. as our military and politicians are? I mean. he will be replaced by people who only know how to wage war Ruslan Sultanovich! Is a moratorium on military operations declared by Maskhadov currently in force in Chechnya? It is very difficult to give a simple answer to that question. that is. It should be noted that the meeting. He was. For whom are negotiations disadvantageous? For those who talk of negotiations as of something shameful." Speaking today on Ekho Moskvy. There is no solution that involves force." Zakayev told the Caucasus Times. he will never surrender. If we want peace in the Caucasus. "The ceasefire order is a demonstration of goodwill and an invitation to the Russians to stop the war and start political negotiations. Maskhadov should not be humiliated with the assertion that he doesn't control anything.
each month are important. he knew perfectly well what he was going to do and why he was going to do it. Chechen guerillas are no longer able to counter the legitimate authorities by force." Baskayev stressed. In Russia already two hundred people have become heroes. when each day. and I only just succeeded. that would not allow them to settle the Chechen question by means of force. Maskhadov and his associates have had plenty of opportunities to stop this pointless massacre. But at the same time. ~ 74 ~ . Since 1999 no one has restrained our military men. they are informed.there are always human casualties. He's not just a robot. And what do we see? Have they got anywhere close to a settlement of the Caucasus problem? Negotiations are also disadvantageous to the Chechen leadership. and the question is who will bring the detonator to the Caucasus. the executors… I talked in Beslan with that "executor" Khuchbarov. and bandits will scale up activities to work out sponsors' money. He's a representative of an idea." Baskayev said.Interfax-AVN) also alleged that they were stopping military activities. I flew to see Maskhadov and Yandarbiyev and tried to get them to withdraw the guerrillas." Baskayev added. 2005 (Interfax-AVN) Recent remarks by Chechen extremist leaders calling for a "truce" are nothing more than a hoax. their place will be taken by the Khuchbarovs and Barayevs. had elections coming up. In general. In the second place.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. For what? Yelena Milashina Novaya Gazeta Former Groznyy Commandant Says Guerrillas' Truce Hoax MOSCOW.. he stressed. "We should take into account that spring is coming soon. The President of Russia knows better than I do the services for which he hands out awards… But the President of Ingushetia has one obvious "service" before all Russia – cowardice… I have promised myself not to say anything on the subject of the new Ingush leadership. Ruslan Sultanovich! How do you react to the awarding to Zyazikov of the Order "For Services to the Fatherland" – after Beslan? With calm. terrorists are trying to use a 'peaceful PR campaign' to prepare for their next atrocity and get a respite. Who knew Movsar Barayev? Or Ruslan Khuchbarov? They are not ordinary executors… Well yes. he was regrouping his forces. and after that everything started anew. the widely advertised 'moratorium' on hostilities was nothing more than a hoax. they fight and struggle all their lives. Militant activities will be escalated soon. "Rather. heard what he was saying. and the political message has been simply one of force. . "In fact.' which. 'the peaceful initiatives' of these terrorists should cause our concern. There are many of them." said Baskayev. Yeltsin and Co. The only thing left to them is to take revenge and make pinpoint strikes. they are politicians. When I ws the commandant in Chechnya. Then. trees will have leaves in the mountains. "The guerillas have announced now that they are finalizing the 'truce. The generation that grew up during the war fanatically believes in an idea and only knows how to wage war It will be a million times harder to conduct negotiations with them. and today all of them still have a chance to surrender. Feb 2005 own men and others. Feb 22. The war is leaving us behind. aggressive ideology. including today. It's not for nothing that Kazantsev ordered the male population of Chechnya aged 10-60 to be arrested and detained… And also: it's wrong to picture the huchbarovs and Barayevs as savages. we are wasting time. The time when our military men said that negotiations were treason. technologically armed. has passed. "We have only once believed their so-called 'peaceful' calls. Most likely. was not and could not have been true . Are influential personalities similar to Maskhadov and Basayev appearing among the armed resistance? Nature abhors a vacuum. former Grozny commandant Colonel General Arkady Baskayev told Interfax-Military News Agency on Tuesday. who is also a member of the State Duma's security committee." he said. they have behind them a young. I want to add that for the whole Afghan about seventy of us got the Hero of the Soviet Union medal. I saw his eyes. Maskhadov (separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov . by the way. at the request of Alexander Lebed. We don't have any time left. an automaton… Even if Maskhadov and Basayev give themselves up. Thus. and they are growing. According to him.
then the rebels will resume operations against federal forces. then groups of fighters. Ceasefire or no ceasefire. as well as Maskhadov and Basayev. but he has remained silent. has reported that troops have once again tracked down and destroyed a group of rebel fighters. That is why Chechens refuse to deal with Maskhadov and Basayev. Today is the last day of the temporary cease-fire. when the temporary cease-fire order expires. Bomb blasts claim human lives at bus stops. killing and harassing civilians. [Farzuli] To us. This is affirmed not only by spokesmen for the separatist leader but also by the Chechnya Interior Ministry. the federals have had virtually nothing to say. Additional checkpoints have appeared on roads. Commentary by Eduard Ryabtsev. Also because men under their command have long turned into bandits and assassins. Which is why any dialog with them would be taken as a slap in the face by the relatives of those who have lost their lives and are killed by the alleged fighters for the freedom and sovereignty of Chechnya. ~ 75 ~ . Meanwhile a spokesman for the North Caucasus HQ. on crossroads and in other crowded places. Ilya Shabalkin. They gun down. is ruling out any talks with the separatists. and all important installations are under 24-hour guard. Anticipating this. these two nations were deported on Stalin's orders. Many died. In 1948. The hands of many of them are splashed with blood. by which I mean the army of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. The chairman of the State Council of Chechnya Taus Dzhabrailov fails to see why separatist emissaries should be invited to join the European delegation to the roundtable conference on Chechnya which is to be held next month. those who support the new government of Chechnya. The [pro-Moscow] Chechen leader. will carry out planned combat operations to expel the aggressor from the independent Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. So if no appropriate moves are made by 2400 hours by the Russian Federation. WHO ARE THE FIGHTERS FOR INDEPENDENCE OF CHECHNYA Voice of Russia 02/22/2005 Because separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov is said to control all the illegally formed paramilitary units of Chechnya. Russia has been unpredictable recently. told our radio station. It had been decided months ago in Strasbourg that those who attend this conference must agree to see Chechnya as a constituent part of the Russian Federation. Alu Alkhanov. [Presenter] Tomorrow is a special day in Chechnya for another reason. It is quite clear that they. But separatist leaders Aslan Maskhadov and Shamil Basayev refuse to see their home republic as a constituent part of Russia while trying to convince the world that there will be no end to the violence until Aslan Maskhadov meets for talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin. It treats Chechens in general with unjustifiable cruelty. What next? If Russia does not provide a proper response. a spokesman for the separatist leader. on teachers who preach Chechen unity and call for peace and rule of law. separatist forces keep assaulting.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. They set their houses afire. in their own homes. are acting against their own people. Not only because they have committed federal offenses. should be brought to justice. It is worth noting that when it comes to any kind of action against federal forces in Chechnya. They wage war on Islamic clerics and elders. some people in the West want Moscow to discuss the future of Chechnya with Aslan Maskhadov. [Correspondent] Fighting could break out in Chechnya with renewed force as early as tomorrow. Humanrights activists are urging President Putin to negotiate with the separatist leader. Here is Andrey Gavrilov on how it was observed and what we can expect in Chechnya tomorrow. who [he says]. the republic's police have been on alert from several days. where soldiers are dying. His attempt to declare a ceasefire proves that Maskhadov is incapable of putting an end to the hostilities. Usman (?Farzuli). Landmines and high explosive devices are planted on orders from Aslan Maskhadov and Shamil Basayev. leading in from previous report] Back to events in the Chechen war. Instead. The month is up. 23 February is the anniversary of the most tragic event in the history of the Chechens and also the Ingush. [Correspondent] The rebels have been observing Aslan Maskhadov's order for a unilateral ceasefire for nearly one month. Feb 2005 Chechen Rebels Threaten To Resume Actions as Ceasefire Ends Moscow Ekho Moskvy Radio in Russian 1000 GMT 22 Feb 05 [Presenter. he suggests that they turn themselves in. and the bodies of people they have kidnapped are later found with signs of torture.
Nine servicemen were killed in a rebel attack Monday night. we still succeeded in demonstrating that the orders of the supreme commander-in-chief are implemented." Maskhadov said in a statement posted Wednesday on the Kavkaz Center Web site. dozens of people gathered at a memorial formed from gravestones to honor those who perished during the deportation. The soldiers threw them into the snow. 2005 A temporary cease-fire called by Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov expired Wednesday. could be an attempt to embarrass Russian authorities. Feb 2005 Chechen Cease-Fire Expires on Anniversary JUDITH INGRAM AP Online. which could not be verified. 14 in Russia's Krasnodar region. on March 21. because we consider that it's up to the strong side to propose peace. a mouthpiece for the rebels. who said the trip in overcrowded cattle cars took two weeks. they took the dead bodies out of the train. The Kremlin sent troops into Chechnya in 1994 in a bid to crush its separatist leadership. Also Wednesday. 2005 Text of report by Russian Ekho Moskvy radio on 23 February [Presenter] The cease-fire with the Russian authorities called by Chechen separatists expired a few hours ago. he is believed to command a far greater following among the militants. where he spent more than a month getting medical treatment. Russian President Vladimir Putin and other officials consider Maskhadov an international terrorist and doubt he maintains much authority among the insurgents.United Kingdom. From that standpoint. He also renewed a call for talks with the Russian leadership. The Council of Europe. but they withdrew after a devastating 20-month war that left the southern Russian region de facto independent. Russian officials dismissed the cease-fire call as a publicity stunt and maintained that rebels kept up their attacks. Feb 23. France. my land that we had longed for day and night all those years. the council said. rebel tells Russian radio BBC Monitoring Service . It was not clear exactly when the cease-fire began but it was believed to be in late January or early February. it [the cease-fire] was a kind of test. "We have proposed and again are proposing peace to Russia. ~ 76 ~ . Kavkaz Center announced that Basayev had married a Russian woman." said Zayndi Dudayev. Maskhadov had ordered his fighters. to observe a weekslong cease-fire through Tuesday. on Feb. Maskhadov in control in Chechnya. Political parties and politicians from Chechnya and Russian government officials were to attend. Grozny. announced that a roundtable on Chechnya would be held in Strasbourg. Chechens and Ingush. The report. when [Chechen separatist leader] Aslan Maskhadov's order to halt military action on Chechen territory came into effect. "My home was gone. In the Chechen capital. who say they have been unable to capture or kill the elusive warlord in spite of his having been sighted in regions outside Chechnya. his third wife." Dudayev said. the eve of the anniversary. the 61st anniversary of the Stalin-era deportation of Chechens to the barren steppes of then-Soviet Central Asia.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. His family returned to Grozny in 1964 after suffering hunger and surviving a typhus epidemic that swept through the exiles' communities. adding that Chechen separatists would not be invited. the graves of my ancestors. A Maskhadov emissary has told Ekho Moskvy that separatist armed formations are stronger than ever. It began in early February. [Akhmed] Zakayev said that before long the rebels will show that to the federal troops. "Every day. [Zakayev] I think the obvious fact is that Maskhadov is currently able to control the situation in the republic and he can control peace. Russian forces returned in 1999 following a rebel incursion into a neighboring province and deadly apartment building explosions blamed on rebels. who were also victims of the February 1944 deportations. 72. Feb 23. Despite all the provocations by puppet structures and occupation structures. Though Basayev is formally Maskhadov's subordinate. marked the anniversary with visits to mosques and cemeteries. meanwhile. the Russian military said. including radical warlord Shamil Basayev. There was only my homeland. which has consistently turned them down.
you have an ~ 77 ~ . In Kabardino-Balkaria. So the danger is there. Caucasus project manager at the London-headquartered Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR). but a conflict wave that is spreading all over the republic.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. for example. and reports say security has been beefed up in the capital Makhachkala in anticipation of new attacks. “The absence of a long-term vision of developments in the North Caucasus [in the Kremlin’s] policy is responsible for the spilling over of the Chechen conflict. As fighting reportedly abated in Chechnya itself. Thomas De Waal.contributed to radicalizing entire segments of the local populations. In Karachaevo-Cherkessia. east of Chechnya. ends at midnight tonight. Ruslan Yamadayev." Shvedov said. “In Kabardino-Balkaria. In North Ossetia. Violence is expected to grow further in those areas as Russia and regional governments continue to crack down on purported local Islamist cells. Moscow apparently redoubled efforts to eliminate militants in neighboring republics. The unilateral cease-fire. Two high-ranking government officials survived a bomb attack in the town of Kizlyar in mid-February. In neighboring Ingushetia. In North Ossetia. He told RFE/RL that he saw this upsurge of violence as yet another confirmation of a dangerous trend. The Russian military claims those sweeps resulted in the destruction of local radical Islamic cells with purported links to Chechnya. Fighting between security forces and purported Islamic militants has been going in Daghestan. Yamadayev added. Source: Ekho Moskvy radio.” These abductions and suspected killings might have been one of the main motives behind the militant raids that decimated the republican Interior Ministry headquarters in June. Grigory Shvedov is editor in chief of “Kavkazsky Uzel” (Caucasian Knot). said domestic political developments have – perhaps to an even greater extent than the Chechen war --. Bad governance. the capital of Kabardino-Balkaria. we see no longer isolated terror attacks. and authoritarian tendencies on the part of regional elites have also helped foster social discontent and violence. Also in mid-February.” Tensions are running high across the North Caucasus -. has served as a catalyst for political demands that he step down. not in the form of militant raids. "Today the war is no longer confined to Chechnya and is now spreading in Daghestan and Ingushetia. Of course there are people who can make a blast happen anywhere.and not only because of the war in Chechnya. an alleged liaison of the AlQaeda terrorist network blew himself up in Ingushetia to avoid capture. a Russian information website that covers developments in the North and South Caucasus regions. Only [rebel warlord] Shamil Basayev and the mercenaries pose a danger now. Feb 2005 [Presenter] For his part. I quote Yamadayev: Maskhadov has long been a zero. economic mismanagement. Moscow. Russian security raids have been reported in Nalchik. All these developments are linked to one another and stem from the irresponsible policy carried out by the Russian armed forces and the federal center. Heavy clashes took place in Karachayevsk. the State Duma deputy from Chechnya. but this situation exists not only in Russia. Prague. which claimed more than 300 lives. in Russian 0700 gmt 23 Feb 05 Russia: North Caucasus Republics Enter Circle Of Violence By Jean-Christophe Peuch Chechen separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov in January ordered his troops to halt all offensive operations against Russian soldiers. in mid-February. Militants are carrying out operations in Kabardino-Balkaria and KarachaevoCherkessia and these actions are no longer sporadic. but continuous. told our radio station that Maskhadov does not pose any danger at present. State Council Chairman Magomedali Magomedov’s reluctance to comply with a power-sharing agreement has rekindled simmering tensions among various ethno-political groupings vying for power. a town in neighboring Karachaevo-Cherkessia. which entered into force on 2 February. President Aleksandr Dzasokhov’s failure to prevent September’s Beslan hostage crisis. End of quote. critics blame ailing Sovietera President Valerii Kokov for economic collapse and widespread corruption. the suspected involvement of police officers and President Mustafa Batdyev’s son-in-law in the collective murder of seven young businessmen in October has triggered a wave of antigovernments protests. 23 February 2005 (RFE/RL) – In recent weeks. In Daghestan. critics blame President Murat Zyazikov for the disappearance of dozens of opponents at the hands of alleged “death squads. but rather in that of civil confrontation.
in which Islam has become a flag that they fly." Shvedov said.at 0000 hours Moscow time. For others. All the ingredients are there for a homegrown Islamist movement. Three weeks ago.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures." De Waal said. but there is not much evidence about how much they know about Islam. Putin told Interior Minister Rashid Nurgaliev. Aslan Maskhadov and Shamil Basayev. in which he once again proposed sitting at the negotiating table and ending the bloodshed in Chechnya. or the overall situation in the North Caucasus. For Russian Caucasus expert Shvedov. [it] should first start examining its causes. Be tougher. not only it is not interested. The FSB claim radical religious literature. you have an extremely heavy-handed presence of the Federal Security Service. “This policy. or FSB. However. "I think it is more of a socioeconomic agenda. At a government meeting yesterday.” De Waal also said he saw no end to unrest in the North Caucasus. Northern Caucasus militants claim to draw their inspiration from Islam. but they are in no hurry to go over to the offensive expected by the federal forces. and you had closure of mosques. Russian President Vladimir Putin is expected to reassert his authority in the North Caucasus by appointing new regional leaders when the terms of the serving presidents expire. If Russian society really wants that an end be put to mass terrorism.ru WWW-Text in Russian 23 Feb 05 [Report by Ilya Barabanov: "Truce as Encore"] The truce announced by the gunmen's leaders. but instead of a series of terrorist acts there came a new address by Aslan Maskhadov. “We’re now seeing the violence intensify and I fear it will get into a circle in which every [Russian] response will make with a new upsurge of violence from these young radicals. "In my opinion. thus killing all hope of seeing terrorism decrease. the Kremlin’s response to political violence can only lead to a deadend. you have suppression of opposition. he clearly intends to rely on force to keep those volatile areas under control. In the meantime." De Waal said. I think. many of the region’s radical groupings have been maintaining relations with Shamil Basaev and other Chechen radical field commanders. ended at midnight.be it the war in Chechnya. and this is why they are turning to this agenda. the head of the Vladikavkaz-based Islamic Cultural Center and an open critic of the republic’s governmentappointed mufti. we should go in the other direction. This is probably true of a lot of conflicts. these ties date back from the time Basaev fought Georgian troops in Abkhazia in the early 1990s. We’re talking about young people who are 20 or 25 – sometime even younger – for whom basically there is no place in the societies they live in. and detonators were found in Tegaev’s house. on 2 February. they were forged during the 1997-99 interwar period that saw many radical youth undergo military training in the war-torn republic. regional FSB officers arrested Yermak Tegaev. The federal command in Chechnya had been expecting a sharp galvanization of the gunmen's activity on the eve of 23 February. “You must continue working like that. to show no mercy in the battle against suspected Islamic militants.” he said. The truce announced by Maskhadov and supported by Basayev expired Tuesday [22 February] night -. Feb 2005 extremely authoritarian government. "Be tougher with them. which consists in killing as many ‘terrorists’ as possible." Nurgaliev in turn pledged further raids would be carried out in Ingushetia and Daghestan. widespread ignorance about Islam. But society today is not interested in examining the causes of terrorism -. while developing their own political agenda.” In predominantly Christian North Ossetia. But De Waal said religion serves primarily as a vehicle for political and socioeconomic demands. but in the North Caucasus there is still. can lead nowhere." Putin said. who had just reported to him on recent security raids in Nalchik. explosives. authorities have moved against non-official Islam. As for state. On the morning of 23 February Maskhadov once again proposed to the federal authorities that they sit at the negotiating table. but it is also making life impossible for those who reflect on these issues. "So you might say it’s a small model of Uzbekistan. For the past 10 years 23 February has been a traditional day on which the separatists put on a ~ 78 ~ .” De Waal said that. “[These people] call themselves Islamists. this love of peace does not rule out the possibility that terrorist acts will follow a little later. Moscow Website Reports Chechen Rebel Leader's 'Unexpected' Peace Offer Moscow Gazeta. For some of them.
The separatists' leader is convinced that "only a sensible person. but I believe that it has become obvious that Maskhadov can control the situation in the republic today. as a person ardently willing to restore stability in Chechnya. declared: "I cannot speak now specifically about troop operations which have been prepared. said State Duma Deputy Akhmar Zavgayev of Chechnya. who is certain that he is right and that he is strong.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures.in order to defend our human dignity -. can be magnanimous and not indifferent to the destinies of other people.and this right is given us by the Almighty. some news agencies reported that the so-called unilateral ~ 79 ~ ." Zavgayev told Interfax on Thursday." In his address Maskhadov also turns to the events of 60 years ago. after all." That is. Commenting on the truce which has ended. If he thinks he is not guilty. "Chechnya has repeatedly offered Russia peace and is doing so once again. for reasons he cannot understand. drawing parallels between the actions of Stalin and those of the present Russian authorities. and three of them were killed and another three injured. and electrical detonators were discovered on the gunmen who were detained. Akhmed Zakayev. Maskhadov Words on Cease-Fire Cannot Be Believed Moscow Kommersant in Russian 24 Feb 05 p 6 [Musa Muradov report: "'Ceasefire Order Could Be Extended] Yesterday. He said the Russian leadership has several serious reasons never to hold talks with Maskhadov on subjects going beyond his surrender to the law enforcement agencies. following the attack on some reconnaissance scouts in Groznyy. Aleksandr Baranov. Feb 2005 show of force. Its complete annihilation was only avoided thanks to an operational approach to the engagement area by a reserve battalion. and others that they are not disparate gangs but. at the same time we are also ready for war -. At the same time Maskhadov points out that the separatists will continue combat operations against the federal troops if the Russian authorities do not react to the latest call for peace. the separatists regard the main task of the truce as having been fulfilled: They have shown the federal forces and. commander of the North Caucasus Military District. Russian Duma Deputy Says Maskhadov's Statements Calculated for West MOSCOW." Maskhadov declared. has been cited by various media with reference to the illegal armed groups' websites and are timed to coincide with a roundtable currently being prepared by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. since his orders will not be taken seriously either by Basayev. Feb 24. "Maskhadov is trying to picture himself as a peace dove. Small arms. the OSCE. the Council of Europe. or foreign mercenaries. for I know little about this. "While offering peace. or the Russian leadership. It was on 23 February 61 years ago that the deportation of the Chechens began on the orders of Iosif Stalin. most importantly. something whole that is capable of coordinating its actions and that obeys a single command center. he must prove this in the court. The gunmen were blocked. Maskhadov's emissary. Representatives of the federal staff have not yet made any comment at all on this statement of Maskhadov's. "Maskhadov must be prosecuted and brought to account for what has happened in Chechnya. He said that "Maskhadov is incapable of assuming any responsibility before the people of Chechnya. declared that the gunmen "were clearly trying to do something on the eve of the festivals and the day of the Chechen people's deportation. Nine reconnaissance party members died as a result of the battle. 2005 (Interfax-AVN) Chechen separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov's latest statement about his plans to end terrorist attacks and stop targeting federal forces and administrative buildings in Chechnya is calculated for Western politicians." the statement reads. the West in the persons of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. grenade launchers. Since 1994 this day has been marked in Ichkeria as Chechen National Revival Day. was to a considerable degree unexpected. The military's fears regarding the expected new flare-up of gunmen's activity are all the more valid." Russian FSB Says Basayev. The separatists' leader is convinced that only mutual good will will halt the Russian-Chechen war. The attack provided grounds for saying that a number of terrorist acts aimed at destabilizing the situation is being prepared in Chechnya." Against this background the latest address by Maskhadov. explosive devices. They were intensified to the utmost following Tuesday's attack by a group of gunmen on a reconnaissance party of the 42d Motorized Rifle Brigade of the Defense Ministry." the deputy said. but it can be assumed that it will be greeted with the same skepticism as the previous offer of a truce. He said this statement. posted on one of the gunmen's websites.
expired on 28 February. especially as before that there were some veiled signals from the Kremlin. In undertaking such unprecedented steps as a sign of good will. at the same time losing sight of the fact of his open flirting with his puppets in the republic. unfortunately. issued following an instruction of the C-in-C of the CRI armed forces. Yesterday the kavkazcenter.Kommersant note) has proved that he can influence the situation and can answer for the commitments he has assumed. It is simply that yet another chance of restoring peace in Chechnya will have been missed." and recalled that according to data from the special services the saboteurs who were recently liquidated in Nalchik and Khasavyurt were sent to those cities by the leader of the Chechen gunmen to carry out acts of terrorism. "Maskhadov has not announced that the order for a unilateral cease-fire has expired." Mr. I can only give my personal opinion. [Correspondent] What stage has the talks process between the CRI leaders and the Kremlin administration reached? During the cease-fire period were there any contacts with the Russian side? If there were. Maskhadov's Envoy Says Dialogue With Russia Still Open (Internet) Daymohk WWW-Text in Russian 2000 GMT 01 Mar 05 ["Umar Khanbiyev: 'The Chechen side is always open for a dialogue with the Kremlin'"] [Excerpt] An exclusive interview of the Daymohk news agency with the general representative of the president of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria [CRI] abroad and CRI Health Minister. the duration of validity of the cease-fire order could be extended: "The president (Maskhadov -. "it remains in force until the end of February and we hope that our peace proposals will still find a response from the Russian side. who is a Cossackby birth. To the question as to what one can expect when the cease-fire has expired. well aware what a cynical and insidious enemy the Chechens are having to deal with. It is hard for us to judge what frightened off the members of Putin's team so much from contacting the Ichkerian side. was at an end. who declared peace until 22 February (Aslan Maskhadov announced a cease-fire for the whole of February) does not intend to resume hostilities for the time being either. on a cessation of hostilities and operative until 22 February 2005. no news is good news. As far as I am aware. has been published on Chechen web sites." To judge by all accounts. secretary of the Chechen Security Council called the kavkazcenter report "the latest piece of propaganda nonsense. Mr Khambiyev answered as follows: "The Chechen side does not intend to undertake any kind of explosive actions. there was a specific reason for this. we were right to expect a similar response from the Russian side. Khambiyev has not ruled out the possibility that in the event of a positive reaction. Aslan Maskhadov's general representative abroad. You have probably realized that only an order of [Chechen rebel leader] Shamil Basayev." And the Russian FSB [Federal Security Service] reported that "Maskhadov's and Basayev's statements cannot be believed at all. we occasionally have to resort to such devices. there on 14 February and has returned home with her.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. on 14 January 2005.com website reported that for a month Basayev has undergone a "course of rehabilitation in one of the towns of Krasnodar Kray and married a woman. were wrong in sincerely believing and expecting that Putin is in control of the questions of war and peace in Chechnya. And this flirting has at times amounted to behavior -- ~ 80 ~ . Aslan Maskhadov. We. and that is that strong pressure was put on the Russian president by supporters of a continuation of the RussianChechen war and the breakdown of the Russian Federation." Rudnik Dudayev." Kommersant was told yesterday by Umar Khambiyev. are there any encouraging results as regards ending the war? [Khanbiyev] As they say. expires? [Khanbiyev] [Passage omitted: greetings in Chechen] The period of validity of the unilateral moratorium on all types of hostilities on the territories of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and the Russian Federation. Shamil Basayev. unilaterally declared by the Chechen side. At the present moment we have no information from the headquarters of the main defense committee of the Majlis ul-Shura of the CRI as to whether this moratorium will be extended for a further period or whether the fighting between the Russian occupation forces and the fighters of the Chechen Resistance will be resumed on 1 March. [Correspondent] [Passage omitted: greeting in Chechen] Could you tell us when the final period of the moratorium on hostilities. at exactly midnight. Feb 2005 cease-fire announced by Aslan Maskhadov and Shamil Basayev. and now the gunmen would once again switch to active operations. which was declared by an order of the CRI president and Commander-in-Chief of the CRI armed forces. Umar Khanbiyev. In order that the truth about the RussianChechen war becomes known to the public at large. Dzhokhar [Groznyy] time. Aslan Maskhadov.
And the soldiers' mothers have reaffirmed that quite a different attitude to the Russian-Chechen war has taken shape in Russian society than the official Kremlin one. The Chechen side has always been prepared for a dialogue with the Kremlin and it is ready for political talks with Russia without any prior conditions. in the sense of a breakthrough in the Kremlin's information blockade around the February peace initiatives of the CRI's military-political leadership. and the Russian-Chechen war will carry on indefinitely. including popular diplomacy. all that remains is the good will of people and good intentions. using all levers of influence on the Putin administration. this was a very important meeting. they have been based on the principles of the concept of conditional independence drawn up under the leadership of the CRI Foreign Minister Ilyas Akhmadov and supported by CRI President Aslan Maskhadov back in 2003. the Caucasian tragedy will start to directly affect all the Russian people. but the Chechen side has once again proved that it is sincere in its search for ways toward peace and has shown that it will continue this search. Nevertheless. And the positions of the government and the president of the CRI in relation to these principles have been voiced on a number of occasions and have also been supported by many leading politicians in the West. the incumbent in the Kremlin reminds one of a novice surgeon who is trying to remove tonsils by cutting through the intestines. and he has not the slightest idea how to fight his way out of the "Chechen swamp" which he and his occupation armada have got stuck in. [Correspondent] In the light of Aslan Maskhadov's peace initiatives. Information. Feb 2005 absurd in all respects -. he is counting on inviting the "soldiers' mothers" who ~ 81 ~ .which is a disgrace for a head of state. If things continue as they are. how useful was the meeting in London between a representative delegation of the CRI and representatives of the Russian Soldiers' Mothers Committee." we will soon find out. I believe they can sense this already and it is precisely because of this that the great majority of the Russian population are starting to take part in the movement against the destructive war in Chechnya. [Correspondent] What can you say about the specific proposals of the Chechen side that were recorded in the London memorandum? [Khanbiyev] These proposals are simple and clear because. It has to be stressed that the CRI Minister of Culture. When it comes to a matter of stupid actions by his colleagues. Putin has become the unwilling hostage to a complex militarypolitical situation which has developed round the CRI. so long as representatives of the Kremlin administration do not take part in talks with the representatives of the Chechen Resistance movement instead of Russian soldiers' mothers. In all probability. I repeat once again that this is purely my personal opinion." Andreas Gross. unfortunately. In my opinion. But what the CRI President Aslan Maskhadov will have to say about this and whether he intends to make any more attempts to drag the Russian president out of the "Chechen quagmire. of course not. and it was held in the presence of representatives of the European Parliament and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe [PACE]. headed by Valentina Melnikova. whose powers. When a person loses all common sense in his maniacal desires. [Correspondent] Doesn't this mean that a moratorium will also be placed on talks between the Chechen and the Russian sides? [Khanbiyev] No. then this farce will become too obvious and he will then have to do everything he can to find a "realistic" Chechen politician who will rise to his bait. It is common knowledge that the pointless bullying actions of the Kremlin in Chechnya have taken the situation to the stage where it is out of control throughout the Caucasus. and the presidents of the warring sides do not meet on a personal level. Evidently. The first to realise and evaluate this simple truth were the soldiers' mothers. in the main. and the Press Akhmed Zakayev had a meeting in London with a Russian public organization that unites regional soldiers' mothers committees. The personal courage of these women is truly amazing. This meeting may well mean nothing to the Kremlin.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. The participation in this meeting of representatives of these international organizations considerably raises its level. then the first symptom of this pathology is an expression of blind faith in an illusory dream. were not sanctioned by the Kremlin administration? [Khanbiyev] Without doubt. [Correspondent] How do you explain the fact that among the signatories of the memorandum was the author of the "round table meeting. his staff generals and his Chechen puppets have (yet again!) assured Putin "on oath" that they will do everything possible and impossible to "deprive" the Chechen Resistance movement of its leader as quickly as they can. whose activities are seen by our side as pro-Russian and harmful to the Chechen people? [Khanbiyev] I think it has finally dawned on Gross that if the representatives of the legitimate CRI President Aslan Maskhadov do not take part in this "round-table" farce.
is planning to appeal to the upper chamber of the court. the Russian authorities have ignored the peace initiative of the Chechen side ~ 82 ~ ." Returning to the question of the Chechen side's participation in Gross' "round table meeting. I am sure that the material responsibility of the Russian leadership for the brutalities in relation to the peaceful citizens of Chechnya will prove to be more effective than any other censures of European human rights institutions. that many citizens of the CRI today fear for the lives of their closest relatives who are on the territory of the occupied republic. It is a pity that our press has given little coverage to this important and everyday subject. A year ago. Six cases -.amounts to about $200 billion. Sooner or later Moscow will have to compensate for this damage cause by the Kremlin's criminal war against the Chechen state. deliberately ignoring the wise advice of CRI President Aslan Maskhadov -." I would like to recall that CRI President Aslan Maskhadov instructed the CRI Foreign Ministry to examine the question of a complete freeze on contacts between official representatives of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and the PACE. which. I believe that there are also quite a few people in Chechen society who have nothing to lose and who realize that the European Court of Human Rights is the last place where it is possible to get justice in connection with the bloody tyranny caused by the Russian barbarians against the Chechen people. Moreover. It is true. But still fresh in our minds are the examples of the murders of people because they were bold enough to complain about the "federals" in the Strasbourg court. [Correspondent] A trial was held in Strasbourg recently on cases brought by citizens of the CRI who had suffered from the tyranny of the Russian occupation forces at the very beginning of the second Russian-Chechen war.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. But this is just the beginning." Gross may even promise to change the format of the "round table meeting. [Passage omitted: correspondent and Khanbiyev exchange pleasantries to conclude] Do the Russians want war Kavkaz-Centre 2005-03-01 00:44:03 As it was expected. This will today become the most effective lesson for Russia. The fact is that I know this man very well. What significance does the verdict of this trial have for the Chechen state? [Khanbiyev] Yes. This must be talked about constantly.who better than anyone knows the situation in Chechnya -chose the path of farce and confrontation. when we met. Here he is acting on the principle: "by hook or by crook. who lost their relatives as a result of the actions of the Russian aggressors in 1999-2000 is encouraging for those Chechens who still have faith that there is justice somewhere. it is virtually impossible to halt the flow of cases brought by Chechens to the federal authorities (at the present moment there are about 120 cases on the Russian-Chechen war in Strasbourg). I do not believe the sudden transformation of Gross' former ignorance into his respect for our side.according to the most modest assessments -. The Chechens will do everything expected of them to save their people who by will of fate have found themselves a part of Russia as a result of its colonialist claims. created by Russia. The CRI president persistently warned him not to go along the road of his predecessor Lord Judd. government. and parliament of the CRI are the same. I would also like to report that the damage caused by the Russian Federation against the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria during the last two Russian-Chechen wars -. and for this reason they refrain from appealing to the legal authorities. went through in detail the points of withdrawal from Chechnya and warned that any other attempts would fail. and all the details of these cases must be brought to the mind of every Chechen. and will in the future serve as a factor of restraining it from murdering people in the ardor of their imperial ambitions.this. in a personal address to Gross. Therefore the positive verdict of the court in Strasbourg based on the cases brought by the six Chechen citizens. of course. Despite this. Despite the fact that there are still certain obstacles. who unwittingly became the guilty party of the continuation of the Russian-Chechen war because of his erroneous appraisal of the situation in Chechnya. the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg came to the conclusion that the Russian authorities had seriously contravened human rights in the CRI in relation to civilians. The head of the CRI Foreign Ministry Ilyas Akhmadov stated in his protest that the leadership of the CRI also reserves the right to assess the actions of the initiative group headed by PACE's rapporteur for Chechnya Andreas Gross as actions unfriendly toward the Chechen people and leading to a protraction of this bloodiest and most tragic conflict in modern Europe. I handed him a video cassette where the CRI president." but I am sure that he will deceive those who agree to it. the Strasbourg verdict is further juridical acknowledgements of the violation of human rights in Chechnya with all the moral and political consequences resulting from it. The positions of the president. is nothing compared to what is happening in Chechnya. apparently. Feb 2005 should serve as bait for us to his "round table meeting. Gross.
until the master of the White House id the man who has unleashed the analogous war in Iraq. Lord Judd and other ex-officials grieve over their lack of foresight. The reports of Nurghaliev and Patrushev sent to Putin about the “successfully carried out special operations” in the cities of the Northern Caucasus is a direct evidence of the expansion of war zone. The former Prime Minister of the Netherlands following the example of his people in Congo has turned out to be a sexual pervert and violator. etc. The position of the US deserves to be mentioned separately. word for word repeating Putin's “irreversibility of peace process in Chechnya”. to be “the powerful partner in the cause of championing peace all over the world”. and having become the participants of these shameful orgies of international hypocrisy. Feb 2005 that once again gave an exhaustive answer to the sacramental question: “Do the Russians want war?”.! Therefore. and making impudent statements about the appearance of young democracy in the war-worn country. As to the UN headed by the embezzlers of public funds. appealing to the entire “civilized world” – Help us – We are the ones just like you! It is clear the Chechens do not need such “civilization”. The Chechen president. Hardly had the investigation of corruption in the UN humanitarian program “Oil in exchange for food” been completed – the case concerning Saddam Hussein's business with the son of the Secretary General of this scandalous organization.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. as its “peacekeepers” in Congo became the object of investigation. was subjected to the annihilating criticism in many directions at once. this step gave an ample opportunity to the Western politicians to use the weighty arguments in controversy with Moscow concerning the adequacy of continuation of the genocidal war and the Kremlin's anti-Chechen propaganda. Having obviously connived with the Kremlin junta. ~ 83 ~ . not only the war in Chechnya lies on the conscience of the West. In this connection. bribe takers and adulterers. if only the Chechens do not give up their own principles. the Western politicians have also made up their minds to disregard the goodwill of the Chechen leadership and to stage the so-called “round table” farce instead of taking real steps to end the war that has been suggested by the Chechen President's peace moratorium. which. Even the irremediable optimist will acknowledge the fact of expansion of military actions throughout the North Caucasus territory. call for help. having all levers to influence Moscow and able to stop the genocide of the Chechen people have decided to give one more chance to Putin and his gang to punish the Chechen nation.). there is no use of speaking about them. And it's he who is commissioned with the problems of the refugees! Question – Is there anyone in the wild West for the Chechens to rely on? It is clear that there is no one. officially offering the Kremlin's rascal to stop the bloodshed. Secretary General of the Council of Europe Terry Davis made his special contribution to the expansion of military actions on the territory of the Northern Caucasus . they have to seek another path. did not have any illusions. From now on. It should be reminded that this brood of Stalin. A great value of the mentioned initiative is that it has become an effective litmus paper dropped into the mix of the Western diplomacy. making no note of the genocide in Chechnya and considering Europe (the same PACE. the New Caucasus War will weigh on the conscience of the Western countries. What can be expected of Bush. and make painful confessions that they have failed to bend every effort to peace resolution of the Russian- Chechen conflict. the peace initiative launched by the President of the Chechen Republic Ichkeria cannot be considered goalless. we do not have even to think of any kind of participation on the part of the US in peacekeeping mission in the Caucasus. which has not stirred a finger to exert influence on the Kremlin rascals. and not of the success as the Kremlin tries to present it. Therefore. How can the appearance of the units of Resistance and armed underground organizations in the North Caucasus republics be considered a success of Putin's regime if such organizations did not exist 5 years ago?. Nevertheless. To all appearances. A scandal caused by the accusations of sexual solicitations brought against him is in the process of buildup and he is threatened to resignation. However. OSCE. at any rate. It was noted that the Western politicians have a strange tradition of whipping the cat after their retirement. undoubtedly. Council of Europe . One more similar surprise has been recently presented by the High Commissioner Ruud Lubbers for Refigees to the UN. Today we hear that Madelyn Albright. which allowed the genocide of the Chechen people.
will lead them against the dictatorship of the chekist who has obtained quick promotion. so far. In mid. Besides that the situation in the Russian army is critical. for a string of terrorist acts against Russian civilians. They are tired of fighting. Bush. the officers and soldiers of the occupation army are fully confident that the Chechen military command is in full control of the situation. But Russian officials have not responded to that initiative. they allege. and explain them the real situation. Also on 7 February.info posted a statement by Maskhadov in which he called on the United Nations. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov compared calls for Moscow to embark on negotiations with Maskhadov with the suggestion that Europe should conduct such talks with Osama bin Laden. too. chechenpress.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. and. ACCORDING TO KHAMBIEV. the European Union. Moreover. and the sources in Chechnya testify to the truth of this statement. It is not unlikely they have to change the strategy and reject the attempts of carrying out negotiations with the war criminal in the Kremlin. THE CHECHEN RESISTANCE WEBSITE CHECHENPRESS. is advantageous Akhmad Ichkeriisky Analysis: Is It Too Late For Peace Talks In Chechnya? by Liz Fuller Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty February 11. 2005 ON 3 FEBRUARY. especially as there are signs of such talks at all. Putin and his company will cherish hopes for weakening and destruction of the Chechen Resistance. (This despite Maskhadov's repeated insistence both before and after Beslan that his men strictly observe the Geneva Conventions and desist both from attacks on Russian civilians and on Russian military targets outside Chechnya. in the wake of the Beslan hostage crisis. having united the political enemies of Putin. while senior members of the proMoscow Chechen leadership have argued that Maskhadov does not qualify as a negotiating partner as he no longer has any authority among the resistance. Maskhadov bears responsibility. the commanders of the Russian occupation forces. in occupied Chechnya . they have to go to Chechnya and take their sons from there. the more so as the overwhelming majority of them are well aware of inanity of this war. For example.) This is by no means Maskhadov's first attempt to offer the Russian leadership a face-saving way out ~ 84 ~ . They ought to seek meeting with the Chechen side. on 7 February. taking into consideration that after declaration of the moratorium by the Chechen side. Moscow. Perhaps it will be possible to speak with such leader about peace and mutual interests.e. Putin.e. Who can deplore their unwillingness to get back their sons in the form of the freight – 200? To take the son from the criminal war is quite a legal action. i. i. At least 300 – 400 Russian soldiers and officers escaped injuries and deaths thanks to the armistice. It is not excluded that a “revolutionary general” will appear among them. including the Beslan hostage taking in September 2004. undoubtedly. It is quite possible that time has come to negotiate about armistice with the enemy that is on the front line. earlier discounted the possibility of talks with Maskhadov on the pretext of his alleged involvement in terrorist acts against Russian civilians. Schroeder and Blair as well as the others like them do not want and beware of such development of the situation.September. Davis. and the Council of Europe to play a more active role in mediating a settlement of the Chechen conflict. Perhaps there is another. having surmounted obstacles. Unlike the local puppets. The war in the Northern Caucasus . "KommersantDaily" published an interview with Maskhadov in which he repeated his call for negotiations. Four days later. to initiate direct contacts with the direct performers of criminal orders locally. can cope with the similar task. together with radical field commander Shamil Basaev. The soldiers' mothers. if they really want to bring the war to the end. Feb 2005 to them for different reasons.COM POSTED A STATEMENT BY PRESIDENT ASLAN MASKHADOV'S ENVOY UMAR KHAMBIEV ANNOUNCING THAT MASKHADOV ISSUED INSTRUCTIONS TO HIS FORCES ON 14 JANUARY TO OBSERVE A UNILATERAL CEASE-FIRE UNTIL THE END OF FEBRUARY. who. the occupants accepted the offer of ceasefire with great satisfaction. more productive and already tested approach to the conflict. The experience of the centuries-old war with the Russian empire shows that until the Chechen army breaks the backbone of the occupants. THAT COMMAND WAS INTENDED AS A GOODWILL GESTURE THAT COULD PAVE THE WAY FOR UNCONDITIONAL TALKS AIMED AT ENDING MORE THAN FIVE YEARS OF FIGHTING.
" 25 September 2000)." 13 September 2002). who publicly claimed responsibility for the deadly hostage taking in a Moscow theater in October 2002. He's either unwilling to stand up to terrorists or incapable of it. One year later. The "Los Angeles Times" on 31 October 2002 quoted an unnamed U." In the wake of the Moscow hostage taking.. and on the official Chechen television channel three months later. according to Interfax on 21 April 2000.. even if they wanted to.." because those leaders rose to power thanks to the war in Chechnya. calling for a cease-fire in Chechnya and asking for their assistance in resuming contacts between his envoy.. In an earlier interview with "Kommersant-Daily" in April 2000... He said: "We are prepared to do whatever [the Russian leadership] want us to do. whatever they find advantageous. He said: "The Russian authorities that have brought so much violence to the Chechen people could not end this war peacefully. We are prepared to sign agreements on collective security and join the fight against terrorism. and in an interview with "Moscow News" in November. claiming that Maskhadov's men did not have the weaponry to continue resistance. 'Let's stop this war ourselves without involving anyone into this process." 29 September 2002). Akhmed Zakaev. Maskhadov issued three further calls in 2000 for unconditional peace talks: in an interview in July with an Azerbaijani news agency. Maskhadov made clear that he does not seek independence for Chechnya.. but would accept a peace settlement that would preserve Russia's territorial integrity. Yastrzhembskii rejected the latter offer. in early June 2004." But at the same time. on the eve of the Group of Eight (G8) summit in Canada. official as saying Maskhadov has "forfeited any legitimacy he had. telling RFE/RL's North Caucasus Service: "We tried to approach the Russian government with our [peace] proposal several times." 21 April 2000).to be careful not to kill Chechens. Maskhadov switched tactics and began calling not for direct talks with Moscow but for the international community to pressure the Russian authorities to agree to such talks. Then in June 2002." ~ 85 ~ . defenses. Maskhadov appeared to have abandoned any hope of peace talks. weeks after the fall of Grozny. Both Rybkin and former Russian Supreme Soviet speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov met with Zakaev during the summer of 2002 to discuss various blueprints for resolving the Chechen conflict (see "RFE/RL Caucasus Report. We'll keep fighting until he leaves our country. and then presidential envoy to the Southern Federal District Viktor Kazantsev.'" Maskhadov vowed that "we will not stop our struggle. while then acting Russian President Vladimir Putin's aide Sergei Yastrzhembskii said Maskhadov had not responded to unspecified counterproposals (see "RFE/RL Newsline. That is what we are telling the Russians. and other organizations that protect human rights." He said the only way to bring the fighting to an end is through the United Nations. Maskhadov reiterated in that interview that "I have never given orders to blow up buildings or to kill innocent people. We can jointly guard our borders. But Maskhadov subsequently announced that he was again coordinating resistance activities with radical field commander Shamil Basaev. and we will not back off as long as the enemy tramples our soil.S. He told RFE/RL's North Caucasus Service in May 2003 that "it has become obvious today that it is impossible to seek peace directly with the Russian leadership. Maskhadov similarly declared a unilateral cease-fire and called for peace talks and the dispatch to Chechnya of a fact-finding mission from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). we are compelled to seek friends elsewhere simply because Russians don't want friendship with us. Russian military officials wrote off that offer as an indirect admission of defeat." 22 November 2000)." 21 May 2003). Feb 2005 of a conflict that has since 1999 claimed the lives of thousands of Russian servicemen and sapped the national budget. We won't accept anything short of this. saying it contained "nothing new" and that it was due to Maskhadov's "inactivity" that Chechnya had degenerated into "an enclave of terrorism and Wahhabism" and a permanent threat to Russia's security (see "RFE/RL Newsline. That initiative coincided with an appeal to Russian President Vladimir Putin by former Russian Security Council Secretary Ivan Rybkin (see "RFE/RL Caucasus Report. in a second interview with "Kommersant-Daily" (see "RFE/RL Newsline. We can jointly manage our economy. But they don't want that. We can think of common investment programs. the Council of Europe. he sent an open letter to the participants.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. That incident furnished the Russian authorities with a cast-iron excuse to brand Maskhadov a terrorist. We can create a common currency and conduct our diplomatic affairs together. Maskhadov broadcast calls for unconditional peace talks on a clandestine radio station in January 2001. the OSCE. In this situation. I have even given orders to my mujahedin. not to carry out terrorist attacks that could hurt innocent people" (see "RFE/RL Newsline. We told them.. and demolished his credibility with the United States.
beyond which. Feb 2005 Aslan Maskhadov: An Appeal to the Russian President // The leader of Ichkeria tells Kommersant why he ordered peace KOMMERSANT Daily. The first was the bomb that killed Chechen administration head Akhmed-hadji Kadyrov in May. Kommersant considered it possible to ask the author of the order himself. to everyone whose conscience has not degraded hopelessly. as Maskhadov himself has frequently pointed out. my appeal is first of all to the president of Russia. and Basaev. "Nezavisimaya gazeta" suggested on 9 February that as a man of "considerable political experience. The fact that the war in Chechnya has spilled over the borders of that republic could be adduced to substantiate the Russian authorities' repeated argument that Maskhadov has become irrelevant. all wars have to end. In addition. Aslan Maskhadov. If that is the case.ru quoted a young Ingush participant in that raid as explaining that he "and hundreds like me" left home and joined Basaev's militants after federal security or police personnel randomly detained their relatives." 22 and 23 June 2004). a "point of no return" may already have been reached. and above all U. Why in February? There is no symbolic reason here. and in Daghestan.S. then it is reasonable to assume that Maskhadov's intention may have been to induce the international community. On the other hand. In my view. Maskhadov has confirmed the authenticity of this document. Feb 2005 But by mid-2004. I consider it my duty to make maximum efforts to avoid the real threat faced not only by my people. In this situation. where they raided the local headquarters of the Federal Antinarcotics Service in December. and then. but by the Russian people and all the peoples of the Caucasus. who seemingly considers all Russian citizens legitimate targets. Ingushetiya. two military operations masterminded by Basaev had transformed the political landscape in the North Caucasus. this time around. Appendix A. Bush. Since June. the Kremlin sought to placate. the only effective strategy is to continue current efforts to eradicate all militant bands perceived as posing potential threats to security and stability in the North Caucasus. and that there is no point in negotiating with him -. President George W. presenting the questions to and receiving the answers from his general representative Umar Khambiev.in Kabardino-Balkaria. he would receive a positive response from the Russian authorities to his cease-fire declaration and call for unconditional peace talks. Maskhadov's Kommersant Interview. Russian officials may argue. Instead of reappraising its strategy of offloading to the pro-Moscow Chechen leadership the responsibility for neutralizing the resistance and "normalizing" the political situation in Chechnya. and most end at the negotiating table. The second operation. for commentary." Maskhadov can hardly have anticipated that. In light of this. coopt and promote Kadyrov's son Ramzan. I am not sure that President Vladimir Putin is being reliably informed about the deep abyss of catastrophe that Russia and the whole of the Caucasus are being dragged into. of course. It was commented on with pleasure by politicians and law-enforcement officials. staged just days after Maskhadov's interview with RFE/RL. to take a tougher line with Moscow over the need for a swift and negotiated solution to the Chechen stalemate before the situation in neighboring North Caucasus republics deteriorates even further. news of a ceasefire in Chechnya had a powerful impact on Russia and the world. Many even said that the ceasefire declaration was a forgery. who subsequently disappeared without a trace. whom many observers believe will replace Kadyrov's interim successor Alu Alkhanov as soon as he reaches the age of 30. was the raid launched on Interior Ministry targets in Ingushetia in which some 80 people were killed (see "RFE/RL Newsline. an attempt to show a commitment to peace and to bring the Russian leadership to its senses. 2005 Testimonial Evidence At the end of last week.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. where Interior Ministry troops and special forces have launched at least two operations to apprehend them in recent weeks. bands of militants reporting to Basaev have surfaced elsewhere in the North Caucasus . I believe that the political will of the presidents of Russia and Ichkeria can put an end to this bloodbath. What was the goal of your ceasefire declaration? It is a gesture of goodwill.especially in light of the differences in the military tactics favored by Maskhadov. FEBRUARY 09. Therefore. It could have been December or January. In other words. who says he abhors targeting innocent civilians. the processes that are taking place today in the Caucasus are leading to catastrophe. But February is the last month of winter and the battle usually heats ~ 86 ~ . The essence of the reaction of Russian officials was that all such announcements are nothing more than cheap PR.
I refused them. I have said it many times and will not repeat myself now. the Office of the Prosecutor General of Russia announced new accusations against you. Basaev had problems with his kidneys and his leg that had been operated on. but we will not bear the responsibility for this insanity. the minister of public health of Ichkeria and my general representative abroad. It is the latest invitation to the other side to come to the negotiation table. I declared to the world that. Basaev considers himself to have the right to use such methods. mainly due to his choosing combat methods that are unacceptable to the Chechen people. but must give themselves up to law-enforcement organs. to which I am unable to agree to on principle. acknowledge the possibility that the terrorist Basaev is dead. They Don't Trust Aslan Maskhadov Chechen President Alu Alkhanov has called Maskhadov's ceasefire a bluff. Feb 2005 up with new force in spring. When I think of those tragic events. Otherwise. What would you say about that? Shamil Basaev has not been part of the structure of the armed forces of Ichkeria since that time. and His mercy is boundless. At the end of last week. That is bad for us. most likely. What will happen when the ceasefire ends? Everything is in the will of the Almighty. tragic events in Beslan. immediately after the declaration of a ceasefire. Is the ceasefire connected with the desire to free your relatives. rumor arose of the death of field commander Shamil Basaev. including Basaev. “We have no basis for taking his [Maskhadov's] latest pronouncement about an end to the terror as the whole truth. we will officially hand over to the International Tribunal all persons involved in crimes against humanity. I issued instructions for the appointment of a delegation for contact with the Russian side. Therefore.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. after the end of the war. noting that “if Maskhadov and Basaev are really ready to stop the terror. Basaev stated that he would no longer be subordinate to you. right after issuing the order for a temporary halt to offensive combat action. we will end the war at the negotiation table. they don't need to set conditions. Many citizens of Chechnya have been kidnapped and killed in the last six years. Therefore. What would you say about that? I believe that it is his fifth of sixth death in the last six years. After the terrible. blood flow for a long time still.” Alkhanov said. It is a gesture of goodwill. to head the delegation. Which European politicians did you discuss the idea of a unilateral ceasefire with? Similar suggestions had come from a number of human rights institutions and leading politicians. Representatives of the command of Russian military groups in Chechnya immediately began ~ 87 ~ . If Basaev abides by my ceasefire order. Can you respond to them? The accusations of a procuracy that well-known for its infallibility do not worry me. I do not feel that my familial sensibilities should prevail over my sense of duty to my people. but we have taken that step any way. It is no secret from anybody that we have disagreements. I appointed Umar Khambiev. because there are no independent organizations inside Chechnya at present that could monitor the ceasefire. would I have been able to prevent the cold-blooded and cynical murder of the completely innocent children who were sacrificed for the ambitions of monsters. including for Beslan. but had made some independent attempt to make my way to the school. who is suspected in the seizure of the theater in Dubrovka [where Nord-Ost was playing] and the school in Beslan. After the [terrorist act in Moscow in October 2003 at a performance of the musical] Nord-Ost. I often ask myself if I had not waited for an answer from the Russian side to my suggestion that I come to Beslan. I haven't found the answer to my question yet. however. “According to information we received seven or eight months ago [when Alkhanov was head of the Ministry of the Interior of Chechnya].” Alkhanov said at a press conference in Moscow on Saturday. What kind of reaction from the Russian authorities are you counting on? I am hoping for an adequate reaction.” Alkhanov did. If the sober minds of our Kremlin opponents are ascendant. Immediately after your order. again. I will consider myself to have had great success in avoiding many terrorist acts that are not acceptable to our side. hinting that the terrorist may have died of his illnesses. I repeat that the goal of the ceasefire is not an attempt to show anyone our soundness. I will resist attempts by him and other commanders to take action against the civilian population of Russia. whom your supporters claim have been kidnapped by Russian law-enforcement bodies? No. Until then.
After the terrible. Kommersant asked Maskhadov whether Basaev had again become his subordinate.” Khambiev told Kommersant yesterday. As of February 1. he also signed a decree naming "a delegation for contacts with the Russian side. there has not been a single attack from our side. I am not sure that President Vladimir Putin is for certain informed about what a deep chasm of catastrophe Russia and the whole Caucasus are falling into. "Many citizens of Chechnya are being kidnapped and murdered already for the sixth year. I told the world that after the end of the war we will officially hand over to the International Criminal Tribunal all individuals involved in crimes against humanity. The newspaper reported that it had transmitted its questions to Maskhadov through his general representative abroad. denied by Umar Khambiev." he said.Volume VI. Kommersant published an interview with the separatist leader." "In my view. I will in every way possible [try to prevent] both him and other commanders from carrying out any attacks against Russian civilians. but to all the people of Russia and the Caucasus. Basaev believes he has the right to use methods that I cannot. just four days after the Chechen separatist Kavkazcenter website reported that Aslan Maskhadov had ordered rebel fighters to lay down their weapons for one month. “Law enforcement organs know for certain that the information posted on the extremist sites by the ideologues of the illegal armed formations has to relationship to the statements purportedly made by Maskhadov and Basaev.) Maskhadov also denied the ceasefire was connected to the abduction of his relatives. the processes taking place today in the Caucasus are leading to catastrophe. He added that there were no grounds to doubt the authenticity of the Ichkerian president's order to cease combat activities." Maskhadov indicted there was no significance to the fact that the ceasefire was announced for February. Maskhadov said that in addition to ordering a temporary cessation of all offensive military actions. who is suspected in the seizure of the Dubrovka theater and the school in Beslan. Asked why he had announced a ceasefire. Therefore my appeal above all was directed precisely at the president of Russia. “And the resistance fighter will strictly adhere to the requirements of the presidential order on a unilateral halt to combat activities. That has been acknowledged by all who are observing events in Chechnya. in turn.” Khambiev said.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. the general representative of the Ichkerian president. had announced the ceasefire would last until February 22 – one day before the 61st anniversary of Stalin's deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people. ~ 88 ~ . Feb 2005 to deny Maskhadov's intentions.” Kommersant was told at the Regional Operational Headquarters for administering the counterterrorist operation in the North Caucasus. "Shamil Basaev has not been part of the structures of the armed forces of Ichkeria since that time. Umar Khambiev. At the same time. "Our differences. on principle. in his February 3 order calling on separatist fighters to obey Maskhadov's ceasefire. Maskhadov was attempting to dispel the view that he has no control over the rebel movement's various field commanders. Shamil Basaev announced he was no longer taking orders from Maskhadov. "Therefore I do not believe that my family feelings should prevail over the feeling of duty to my people. The claims of the Russian and Chechen official representatives are. are not a secret to anyone." He also denied that the ceasefire was a demonstration of "strength": some observers have speculated that in announcing the ceasefire. A representative of that office stated that 12 terrorist acts were committed on the territory of the republic between January 10 and February 3 (Maskhadov's ceasefire went into effect on February 1). and then. Noting that following the Dubrovka theater hostage-taking in October 2002. Maskahdov called it a "goodwill gesture" and "an attempt to demonstrate devotion to peace and call upon the Russian leadership to see reason. to all whose consciences have not degraded once and for all. tragic events in Beslan. I believe that the political wills of the presidents of Russian and Ichkeria are capable of putting an end to this carnage. “That simply want to present us as irreconcilable bandits. including Basaev. (Some media gave significance to the fact that rebel warlord Shamil Basaev. and even the authenticity of the rebel leader's statement. based above all on his choice of methods of warfare that are unacceptable to the Chechen side.” by Musa Muradov MASKHADOV FOLLOWS UP CEASEFIRE WITH AN INTERVIEW The Jamestown Foundation CHECHNYA WEEKLY: News and Analysis on the Crisis in Chechnya 9 February 2005 . "In this situation I consider it my duty to undertake maximum efforts to avert the real threat not only to my people. I have repeatedly spoken about this and therefore will not repeat myself." Maskhadov answered." Maskhadov said. of course." which will be headed by Umar Khambiev. “I have spoken to him [Maskhadov] personally about this matter. Issue 6 On February 7. agree with. And until then.
Federal Council Chairman Sergei Mironov. Kommersant will be keeping an eye on further development of the situation. February 9. but an unidentified official at the regulatory agency said it would be sent later this week. Authorities issue warning to newspaper over Chechnya interview Committee to Protect Journalists New York." Yufo." While the Kremlin has not directly responded to Maskhadov's unilateral ceasefire and offer to negotiate." Asked about rumor over the past week that Basaev had been killed." Alkhanov said. but we are hoping that it will happen. authorities can shut down media outlets that receive three warnings in a year. Maskhadov said it was "the fifth or sixth time in the past six years that Shamil's ‘death' has been reported. a security analyst from the Carnegie Center. Dzhabrailov rejected Maskhadov's ceasefire as a "bluff. "Maskhadov and Basaev could see this is a favorable time for such an approach. This is Kommersant's first warning in 2005. Despite the uniformly negative public reactions by Russian officials. Feb 2005 If Basaev obeys my truce order. The warning was released in respect of the interview with Aslan Maskhadov published early this week (Moscow Kommersant of February 7." Aleksei Malashenko." Chechen State Council Chairman Taus Dzhabrailov told Interfax on February 7: "The stand of the national administration is unwavering – there will be no political contacts with Maskhadov and his circle. which are unacceptable for our side. FEBRUARY 09. a close ally of President Vladimir Putin. the Prosecutor General's Office announced that he was being charged with complicity in organizing Beslan school hostage seizure. On February 3. which bans the distribution of information that supports "extremist activities. "There are people around Putin who are suggesting it is time to end the Chechen war. the source told Interfax. ~ 89 ~ . told reporters on February 8 that he saw no basis for "Russian power structures" to react in any way to Maskhadov's recent statements. for which Basaev claimed responsibility. "For the moment I cannot be any more specific about this. 2005 Russia’s Federal Service for the Enforcement of Media Legislation has issued an official warning to Kommersant on inadmissibility of the RF laws’ violation. I will consider that I have succeeded in averting many terrorist acts. Mironov questioned whether Maskhadov "really controls anything in Chechnya." Kommersant reported on February 8 that Umar Khambiev had told the paper that Maskhadov's initiatives had sparked the interest of "influential European politicians" who are determined to promote a resolution of the Chechen conflict. Ekho Moskvy radio reported on February 8. told Reuters on February 3. Kommersant has received no official document to-time. according to local and international press reports. immediately after Maskhadov's ceasefire announcement was made public." Meanwhile. 2005)." Earlier. the government can seek a court order to close it down.ru reported. "Maskhadov is still expected at the prosecutor's office. By law. the Moscow radio station Ekho Moskvy reported. "Maskhadov's statement about the one-sided cease-fire is a lie from the beginning to the end. "provided a terrorist wanted by the federal authorities and Interpol with an opportunity to publicly justify terrorism and threaten continued terrorist activity.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Hot-Shot // Kommersant Warned Anonymously KOMMERSANT Daily. The Federal Service for Oversight of Compliance with Media Laws issued the warning Tuesday under the Media Law and the Law Against Extremist Activities. He also said: "We have not received any proposals from the Russian side. However." According to Russian law. Like other officials. The newspaper has yet to receive official notice of the warning. 2005—Federal authorities in Moscow have issued an official warning to the independent Moscow daily Kommersant for publishing a February 7 interview with Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov. Interfax cited yesterday night an unidentified source with the above service as saying. Chechen President Alu Alkhanov dismissed both Maskhadov's reiteration of his call for talks and his ceasefire announcement. but you will soon hear all about it. some observers say other processes may be taking place behind the scenes. The interview." Not surprisingly." Khambiev told the newspaper. if a media outlet receives three such warnings. when this issue was sanctioned for press." according to the Russian news agency Interfax. Reuters on February 8 quoted a source in the Russian government's media supervisory service as saying that Kommersant had been officially warned for publishing the interview with Maskhadov.
incidentally. told Interfax on Wednesday. Ekho Moskvy reported. ~ 90 ~ . Recent polls show that about half of Russians support some form of official contact between the government and the rebels. Service experts concluded that the interview with Maskhadov titled 'Aslan Maskhadov: My Call is Addressed to the President of Russia' and published in Kommersant on February 7 contains information excusing and justifying the need to pursue extremist activities. Feb 2005 activities. and also the idea that Basayev has every right to stage actions like Beslan as long as Russian citizens support the "criminal regime. Moreover. 2005 (Interfax) . head of the legal department at the Kommersant Publishing House. Ivanov said the newspaper succeeded in having a court strike down an April 2000 warning issued after Kommersant published a similar interview with Maskhadov. Feb 9. Boris Boyarskov. said the publisher was planning to challenge the validity of the warning in court. which gave a detailed account of Basayev's threats and accusations against the Russian authorities. something Putin has refused to do. and it strongly criticized British authorities last week for allowing Channel 4 independent television to broadcast an interview with Basayev. Warning to Kommersant Over Maskhadov Interview Deemed Counterproductive Moscow Politkom. The Times. the newspaper provided a terrorist placed on federal and Interpol wanted lists for criminally punished deeds with the opportunity to publicly justify terrorism and threaten continued terrorist The Kommersant management said the newspaper will contest the warning in court. and attempting for the umpteenth time to mobilize Russian society for the struggle against Putin under the slogan of the "need to begin peace talks with Maskhadov. and then as reports on the British TV company's program. The Foreign Ministry pressured several neighboring countries to shut down the prorebel news Web site Kavkazcenter last year. then in the form of selected passages from Western newspapers. Russian law enforcement officials placed a $10 million bounty on Maskhadov and a second rebel leader. Respectable Western TV channels are not only quoting the Bin Ladin statements planted by the Arab mass media but also interviewing the ringleaders of the Chechen gunmen on their own initiative. who is threatening a "repetition of Beslan." the source said. Maskhadaov called on President Vladimir Putin to open peace talks with the rebels in response to their unilateral ceasefire. after a string of deadly attacks against Russian forces and civilians. Georgii Ivanov.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. "Publishing the interview. In the recent interview. Shamil Basayev." Basayev." the secretariat of the service chief. the Kremlin has intensified its efforts to block news coverage of rebel views. who is promising to hand over Basayev for trial and addressing his calls for peace talks directly to Putin. An even more unpleasant impression is created by the media orgy in certain Russian mass media that rapturously circulate the harshest expressions of Basayev and Maskhadov -. is playing the part of "good cop. while the "good" Maskhadov invites the Russian president to sit down at the negotiating table in an interview with Russia's Kommersant. does not even think it necessary to conceal that the dissemination of this information is aimed at undermining the prestige of the Russian president." which did not spare even children. Under Putin." which is not being observed." assumed the role of "bad cop.The Russian federal media supervision service will present Kommersant daily with an official warning that was issued to it on Tuesday for publishing an interview with Chechen separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov earlier this week. The upshot of this propaganda onslaught is notions foisted on society concerning the "criminal Russian regime. Kommersant will be presented with official warning . "This warning will be delivered directly to the Kommersant editorial office this week. most likely on Thursday.first citing the gunmen's websites." It looks as though the best-known separatist leaders decided their roles in advance in ostentatiously announcing a "truce.ru WWW-Text in Russian 09 Feb 05 [Article by Dmitriy Bagiro: "Technology of Terror"] Against the backdrop of demagoguery about the fight against international terrorism the world mass media are eagerly engaging in PR for the gunmen." and Maskhadov.media supervision service MOSCOW. according to press reports." The "bad" Basayev is articulating his propaganda on Chechen websites and in the Western mass media. Agence FrancePresse reported.
Give me pain It is not only Boris Abramovich who is known for his inclination toward masochism. Generally speaking. the point of this game is quite obvious: It is paving the way so that. It was for this reason that Andrey Vasilyev. after Basayev's next high-profile terrorist act." Basically it must be admitted that the people who prepared the final text of the interview were careful not to violate the letter of the law. Everyone except the state would stand to gain from the sensational closing down of Kommersant and the radio station Ekho Moskvy. Kommersant. the preconditions are being created for the next terrorist act to make a particularly loud splash after the end of the "truce. Maskhadov condemns Basayev and calls on the Russian authorities to "end the war around the negotiating table. . but it transpires that this task is too difficult. Feb 2005 However. He made a bad bet and he lost.ru WWW-Text in Russian 10 Feb 05 [Article by Valentin Rakitin: Berezovskiy Wants His Media to Die. decided to take it out on Russia's Kommersant. looks totally innocent compared with Basayev's statements.. beat me. quite unabashed by the fact that the lives of Russian citizens are always used as weighty arguments in such scenarios for "forcing peace. which prohibit the use of the mass media for extremist activity and also the dissemination via the mass media of material establishing or justifying the need for such activity. the Federal Service saw the publication of the Maskhadov interview as a violation of the provisions of the law "on the Mass Media" (Article 4) and the law "On Countering Extremist Activity" (Article 11). However. Kommersant's general director. unable to punish the British TV channel for circulating truly extremist remarks. Come on. After all." Vladimir Gusinskiy was the first member of the Russian opposition to take the path of business masochism. Maskhadov can declare that he gave due warning but was not heeded and again demand peace talks. And we can be confident that the mass media will again circulate with pleasure the next calls for talks and criticisms of the Russian authorities. Ah . The behavior of the "Berezovskian" media has already clearly assumed the character of informational masochism. but also creating favorable conditions for its continuation. However. you hit me. beat me. Judging by agency reports. this frequently happens with members of the opposition: Come on. It appears that the Russian authorities are not only losing the media war foisted upon them. There is nothing surprising about that.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures.. or. you asshole! Well try one more time -.. Moreover." Russian Media Behavior Viewed With New Twist Moscow Compromat." This vicious circle can be broken only by neutralizing the gunmen's leaders. As a result the impression is created that the staffers of the Federal Service either simply did not peruse the text of Maskhadov's interview.don't laugh. which published an interview with Aslan Maskhadov 7 February. Boris Berezovskiy would stand to gain from it. this interview. and Georgiy Ivanov. Ekho Moskvy Will Be Closed Down Soon] The Russian government could close down media outlets controlled by Boris Berezovskiy in the near future. immediately stated that they intend to protest the warning in court and expressed confidence that they will win the case. or confused him with Basayev.. this time under the patronage of international observers. which is devoted to the peace initiatives of the former president of independent Ichkeria. as on the eve of Nord-Ost. provided that the court considers the substance of the matter without taking into account the newspaper's possible role in playing out the aforementioned "good cop-bad cop" scenario. Nevertheless the Federal Service for Monitoring the Observance of Legislation in the Sphere of Mass Communication deemed it possible to issue an official warning to the Kommersant editorial office. In this connection it is interesting to see how the course of the development of future events can easily be miscalculated. After ~ 91 ~ . the court hearing will readily provide another media excuse for another wave of publicity for the statements of Maskhadov and Basayev in the other mass media. This is despite the fact that it is totally clear to any impartial observer that today. It is far easier to read the riot act to the Kommersant editorial office. it will be difficult to do this. Moreover. the head of the publication's legal service. You would not dare to do it again. Why are you not beating me? Does this mean you will not beat me? A-a-a. especially as there have been similar precedents before. boss. However. Just once more. the text of Maskhadov's interview contains neither propaganda for extremist activity nor justification of the need for it. so good.
The newspaper Kommersant has published an interview with the leader of the Chechen terrorists. became rich. the Kremlin's attitude toward him is generally known. to weigh his chances. and they were even glad to get that because many depositors did not receive their savings back at all.my protector will not approve of you. no more hearing the Kremlin clock strike the hours. They said he almost did not rob them at all.a reliable protector makes it possible for disgraceful wolves to get hooked up with an upright citizen. It would seem that if you have a delicate relationship with the Tax Code you should sit quietly.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. uncivilized Russia) without paying attention to how this property was acquired. to return to the gaming table. you can win the hearts of those who have been robbed . Maskhadov wants to negotiate. the Yukos company and Mikhail Borisovich himself and his comrades were under Russian jurisdiction. There is no fun in Goosy's life. he brought it on himself. others may buy the independent press and you may too. then think about Russia's interests. everything necessary was there -. Khodorkovskiy seriously believed that the Russian laws did not apply to him. but then it is impossible to forget them. But no. He has a presence in Russia in the form of a number of media outlets that depend on him in a certain way.a cut above Gusinskiy.to remember the past and to know honor. masochism is no stranger to Boris Abramovich either. Perhaps with his endless string of meetings with the West European and American establishment. Well. But when the government sent out the signal -. Yes. Menatep Investors received their devalued deposits with a delay of several months or even years. After all. There are many countries in the world whose governments are prepared to "protect private property" (especially if it is located in somnolent.the masochist also awakened in the intelligent Khodorkovskiy. and. Lost business. Losing in order to win Berezovskiy wants pain. Nevertheless. No eating in restaurants on Tverskaya. No. What. finally. The more so since the history of oil and all kinds of apatite acquisitions is filled with events which it is unpleasant to contemplate. That means things will be painful for them. as the stock market players say. Even during the crisis of 1998 when the largest business empires built up around the commercial banks crashed. I recall that in 1990 people were saying in all seriousness that the only decent banker was Khodorkovskiy. beat me.. each kick would bring supporters to Khodorkovskiy. do not laugh -. He wanders along the fringes. gray hair. If you are going to earn money in Russia. Finally. Feb 2005 his loss it was necessary. The lucky businessman. who had traveled the path from a Soviet citizen making money off of foreigners to the owner of a giant oil holding company. histrionics did not help. but was still a convict. It is generally known that the failed separatist has blood on his hands and that he is on the federal wanted list and the Interpol wanted list. but like the others you should keep your nose clean. Khodorkovskiy managed to earn money. After all. and. it seems. in the second place. try . If you take something away from people and then. It seemed to the oilman's PR people that it was advantageous to suffer the blows. and. to fix the mistakes -. the man has been separated from the land. It all turned out to be a bad business and in especially large amounts! But. have you nothing to say? Well. so far the only government representatives who want to speak with him are the FSB and the Prosecutor's Office. lost influence. Boris Berezovskiy did not become a convict -."what are you doing. things did not work out for Gusinskiy. ~ 92 ~ . in the first place. from which it appears that the noble bandit is tired of killing. Another well-known member of the opposition is Mikhail Khodorkovskiy. as we recently learned. The more densely the clouds gathered around Khodorkovskiy's head. no more making money on elections. Perhaps that was when Mikhail Borisovich recognized the great magic of receiving forgiveness from the humbled. Vladimir Aleksandrovich had so little understanding of the rules of the genre of political dramaturgy that he was wiped out. And then suddenly it became clear that. you return half of it. after the people's indignation is replaced by hopelessness. The process is already underway. And how! This is the only means of legalization for Maskhadov. Kommersant published a lengthy interview with him. Aslan Maskhadov. There is no doubt that he is an intelligent chap -. Mish?" -. the more loudly the shriek of usurped freedom could be heard.. The only thing left of his life is the past. His exceptional talent as a businessman protected Khodorkovskiy from the turmoil and hardship of more than one five-year plan of work.. But Khodorkovskiy too was defeated by masochism. As we know. Mikhail Borisovich became befuddled.. after all. and an order for his arrest. But still.to make a clean break of it. He does not get to Moscow much anymore.
the government could not like this. They can suffer for human causes a little later. with the same logo. I understand how Yuliya Latynina feels. Because it is advantageous. Quite reasonably the Kremlin does not want to bring Maskhadov-Arafat trouble down upon its own head. Vladimir Putin is becoming a Milosevic. but for now let the state-owned Gazprom cough up some money for the crusaders against the regime. the government warned the newspaper about the unacceptability of such a game "on the foul line." And something else is clear as well. an opposing opinion once in a while. after all. But all that will be enhanced by the aura of martyrdom. This is the kind of transformation that once took place with Yasir Arafat. Based ~ 93 ~ . of a champion publication. Boris Berezovskiy is raising his voice in defense of freedom of speech." Arsenal is ready for battle and is already broadcasting with the same voices as Ekho used. The government's closing down of Berezovskiy's newspapers is advantageous to the out-of-favor oligarch." Boris Abramovich himself thinks globally and understands the peculiarities of the media business.he ran Aeroflot) so that their physical property will not be threatened. it cannot be destroyed.the employees were ordered to "vacate the premises" for new people. Therefore a move beyond the "foul line" was scheduled for the time after the collective had moved in. Chechnya is our pain. but look at the regime we have in our country . and everything is in order. Why not shake up your own media one more time? The closing down of Berezovskiy's PR instruments by the hand of the Kremlin regime is advantageous to the out-of-favor oligarch. The credit documents are being prepared. but if the shop is closed down too quickly the heads of the independent journalists will not receive their inexpensive housing.meanwhile the sensational demarche of the titans of freedom crusading against the regime was being discussed all over the world. especially if they are not cheated on their wages.. even better. Such a thing will be repeated -. The journalistic collective will still be intact. The radio station Ekho Moskvy is also experiencing something similar. to which the radio station belongs. The entire world would shout: Oh what is going on here?! Ekho's leaders would throw up their hands: Our civic conscience would not allow us to reject an interview with a separatist. The scenario is unbeatable. (Incidentally. A newspaper is an intangible thing. As in the case with Kommersant. Nobody even heard about the human tragedies of the young people who were fired -. But the leaders' monetary affairs are trivial compared to the earmarked "Berezovskiy revolution. Ekho's situation has an interesting aspect. the latter resolutely kicked the company's old personnel out of the offices and studios -. who for some reason the Kremlin does not want to listen to. and the same readership. The publication of an interview with the president of the selfproclaimed state in Kommersant changes the playing field: Maskhadov is made into a political figure. have been used to purchase apartments for Ekho management personnel. Clearly.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. soon that damned Putin will have polished off all employers. but what about the rest of the people? At the level of slander Ekho Moskvy is giving out information about plans "to become a victim of the regime" following Kommersant's scenario. Back in 2001 when Vladimir Gusinskiy transferred the NTV collective from Gazprom to Channel TV-6. A couple of telephone interviews with that same Maskhadov and goodbye license. Sometimes you want to say: Well all right. It is no problem to obtain a license for a new newspaper. And it was right. which belongs to the "labor collective. Anti-Putinism has practically become the foundation of editorial rhetoric recently. That would not be difficult.. Naturally. Feb 2005 He is a terrorist. Putin's totalitarian regime will pressure them in all kinds of ways. the rate is preferential. They say that the credit funds of Gazprom. but the intrepid bulwark of freedom of speech will live and emerge victorious. But what we hear on the air sounds like barely restrained hysteria. this pertains to Novaya Gazeta as well.the entire collective will transfer to the bridge company -radio Arsenal. The credit is long-term. which belongs to Berezovskiy. and it would seem that the observers have forgotten that the claptrap about the terrible Putin regime gives their programs an extremely marginal coloration. The newspaper's shareholders will pour their resources into a private account beforehand (Boris Abramovich knows how this is done -.) It will be the same Kommersant. Any PR specialist knows that in order for propaganda to be effective what is targeted to the negative must be actively mixed with neutral information or.Kommersant will be playing on the foul line until the very end. and so it refuses to recognize the terrorist as a politician. the leadership of the information publication has nothing to lose -. The government can only appeal to the court and revoke its license. As soon as the federal government sits down at the negotiating table with him he becomes a politician.
" In a report carried by news agencies a Federal Service spokesperson stated that the publication of the interview with Maskhadov "violated the provisions of Article 4 of the law 'On the Media' and Article 11 of the law 'On Countering Extremist Activity. this time over an interview with a Chechen rebel leader. Moscow Correspondent Emma Griffiths reports that this warning is the latest attempt by the Kremlin to force an information black-out on the Chechen rebels. There's been no official confirmation that Shamil Basayev is dead or alive. but first we need to see it -it is a matter of the specific wording. The state agency did not like the interview with Aslan Maskhadov published on 7 February in which the rebel leader appealed for a truce in Chechnya. Russian media warned against reporting on Chechen rebels Reporter: Emma Griffiths Australian Broadcasting Corporation ABC Local Radio PM . (Sound of news theme) EMMA GRIFFITHS: Occasionally news from Chechnya is shown on Russian television.even before the text of the warning has arrived on the editor's desk. (Sound of Alu Alhanov speaking) Here he is. Never before has the Federal Service voiced its complaints against a specific media outlet out loud. talking in response to rumours that the Chechen rebel responsible for the Beslan school siege was dead. The interview was published on the front page of Russia's business daily." Kommersant Chief Editor Aleksandr Stukalin has announced." Kommersant legal service chief Georgiy Ivanov added." Izvestiya's interlocutor stressed.' which prohibit the use of the media to propagandize extremist activity as well as the dissemination via the media of material seeking to establish or justify the need to engage in such activity. we can assume that the scandalous interviews promoting Chechen terrorists will continue in the corresponding media outlets. but more often than not it features the Kremlinfavourite – the region's President. The question can arise of halting a media outlet's operations if it is issued with two or more warnings in a year. The Federal Service has the right if it so wishes to hand over documentation to the courts.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. declaring that the publication had broken the law. "We will be announcing that we have issued a warning to someone. In the very near future the paper will be issued with an official warning by the Federal Service for Oversight of the Observance of Legislation in the Sphere of Mass Communications and the Protection of Cultural Heritage. The warning now being drawn up could be anulled. "I tend to believe it was caused by his kidney disease and the consequences of an operation. but the newspaper was reproached not with extremism but with propagandizing terrorist activity. The news about Kommersant spread like wildfire -. not a single warning has been issued to the newspaper. "You need to have a sophisticated kind of awareness to assess an appeal for peace as propagandizing extremism.Friday. Is that suddenly going to damage the business reputation of the media. Since then. in their view. and the court ruled in Kommersant's favor. the issuance of warnings to the media was open information." The news that the warning was being issued came as a surprise. In the words of a Service staffer who wished to remain anonymous. and Mass Communications issued a warning to Kommersant. 2005 18:38:00 PAUL LOCKYER: Russian authorities have slapped another warning on the country's media." he says." department staffers asked in support of their refusal to say who precisely. We were not planning to release it to the press. The source in the Federal Service confirmed that the warning has not yet been sent. Feb 2005 on that. "The report of the warning was leaked. but a video statement ~ 94 ~ . "We do want to appeal against the warning. because the text has not yet been edited. which then decide what to do with the offending outlet. In 2000 the Ministry for the Press. In the era of the Press Ministry. That incident was also linked to an interview with Maskhadov. Kommersant. Alu Alhanov. though. was breaking the law. Radio and Television Broadcasting. the piece entitled "Aslan Maskhadov: My Appeal is Addressed to the President of Russia" "seeks to establish and to justify the need to carry out extremist activity. 11 February . Paper Hopes 'Warning' Over Interview With Terrorist Will Be Dropped Moscow Izvestiya (Moscow Edition) in Russian 10 Feb 05 p 3 [Report by Nadezhda Stepanova: "Maskhadov Compromises Kommersant"] The Kommersant publishing house is in trouble again. The warning was challenged in court.
blood will flow for a long time. This week. Alexander Stukalin.The government plans to issue a warning to Kommersant for violating an antiextremism law by publishing an interview with Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov." he says. former President Aslan Maskhadov.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. Russian Paper Cautioned for Publishing Interview With Chechen Separatist Moscow Ekho Moskvy Radio in Russian 1400 GMT 11 Feb 05 [Excerpt] [Announcer] A supervisory service has once again reminded the Kommersant newspaper that it was given a caution three days ago over the publication of an interview with [Chechen separatist leader] Aslan Maskhadov. Tuesday. Shamil Basayev has also appeared on British television's Channel 4 News. "Kommersant faced a very simple task. claiming it contains information excusing and justifying extremist activities. Russia described the report as "irresponsible" and demanded the British Government block the broadcast. The Russian media supervision service has presented Kommersant with an official warning about the interview. The newspaper denied any wrongdoing and said it ran the interview Feb. February 15. as each one in turn has come under pressure to shut it down. something they successfully did five years ago. The Federal Service for Media Law Compliance and Cultural Heritage is having experts analyze the interview and is working on the text of the warning that will formally appear "in the near future. and I quote. it published an interview with another key Chechen leader. who say it's a notorious mouthpiece for Chechen terrorists. In the interview he confirms that he's called a ceasefire in the region and says it's a gesture of goodwill that runs out later this month. In it he says his kidneys are fine. a media outlet is allowed three warnings every year. It was our job as journalists. by publishing the interview the newspaper's editorial office gave the terrorist an opportunity to justify terrorism in public and to threaten to continue terrorist activities. This is Emma Griffiths in Moscow for PM. According to experts in the service.com. Some government officials called the order "a lie" after it was announced on rebel web sites." said a spokesman for the service. the authorities stated that Maskhadov controls nothing. The newspaper's management is planning to file a legal appeal against the caution. the government may ask a court to close a publication after two warnings in a one-year period. The site has been forced to move between several European countries. He warns when the ceasefire ends. 2005 MOSCOW . Feb 2005 from the man himself has appeared on Chechen website kavkaz centre. to no avail. and analysts warn these days such agreement is increasingly rare. I will remind you that the reason for the caution was the publication in the 7 February edition of an interview with the Chechen separatists' leader Aslan Maskhadov. then it can be shut down. who asked not to be named. Under the law. revealing he was planning more attacks similar to Beslan. This is Kommersant's first for the year. This month. Our task was to find out the truth – there was no other way but to approach him. [passage omitted: Kommersant has received similar warnings from the authorities in the past] Paper To Be Warned Over Rebel Interview By Anatoly Medetsky STAFF WRITER St. Editor in Chief. By publishing the interview. Kommersant. But first the court must agree to hear the case. [Correspondent Yevgeniya Ten] The caution from the federal service controlling the observation of the law in the sphere of mass communications has not yet reached the Kommersant editorial office although the newspaper's legal department was notified that the document would be faxed and mailed to it. Petersburg Times #1044." Kommersant plans to fight the warning in court. a government spokesman said Wednesday. But Russian authorities have had more success limiting coverage of Chechnya at home – most recently they've turned on the daily business broadsheet. and stabs a knife into his wooden leg. Under government regulations. The website has repeatedly run afoul of the Russian authorities. Yevgeniya Ten reports. Kommersant violated Article 4 of the 1991 Law on Mass Media and ~ 95 ~ . "When last week we were informed about Maskhadov's order for a ceasefire. 7 to provide a firstperson account of Maskhadov's cease-fire order and his call for peace talks.
Kommersant newspaper office Building 1 4.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. 2005. does not force the government to take legal action. Feb 2005 Article 11 of the 2002 Law on Counteracting Extremist Activity.” Once the editors published the interview. Answering the newspaper question “what will happen after the truce?”. 8. Maskhadov is quoted as saying. said the warning could be intended to give Kommersant. the bloodshed will likely continue for a long time. Vrubel street Mosocw 123308 Ministry of Culture and Mass Communication of the Russian Federation Federal Service for supervision of observing the law in the sphere of mass communication and cultural heritage protection 12.20  as of February 7. Malaya Nikitskaya street Moscow 121069 Tel: 290-5207 Fax:291-9911 To № ____ of WARNING LETTER Federal Service for supervision of observing the law in the sphere of mass communication and cultural heritage protection within the limits of the authorities in the stated line considered the subject matter of the Aslan Maskhadov’s interview. 2005. to publicly justify terrorism and threaten with the ~ 96 ~ . The law. a Boris Berezovsky-owned daily. If the warning is issued. not the rule." Richter said about the court's willingness to hear the case. but we will abdicate all responsibility for this madness. he said. Richter said. they gave the possibility to the terrorist who was on the wanted list of Russian MIA and Interpol. "It calls for peace.the National Bolshevik Party's Limonka newspaper. published under the headline “Aslan Maskhadov: my call is for the President” in the Kommersant newspaper n. head of Kommersant's legal department." he said by telephone Wednesday. Den and Gubernskiye Vesti . FEBRUARY 24. The media law prohibits a publication from promoting or assisting "extremist activity. But if a court agrees to hear the case. we'll end the war at the negotiating table. Andrei Richter. denied that the interview justified terrorism. Georgy Ivanov. however. the newspaper said that the interview was a possibility for Maskhadov to comment on his order to wrap up a truce and cease fire that he had supposedly issued. the government warned Kommersant for publishing an interview with Maskhadov. Maskhadov replies: “If the sober mind of our Kremlin opponents prevail. Interfax reported. It’s ascertained that introducing the article. as in 90 percent of cases courts refuse to consider such complaints. then it’s more likely that the blood will carry on running.have been closed after warnings." while the anti-extremism law prohibits the media from disseminating "materials that support or justify extremist activity. Kommersant could easily win. published under the headline “Aslan Maskhadov: my call is for the President” in the Kommersant newspaper n. Kommersant general director Andrei Vasilyev said Feb. a "cold shower" and discourage other media from giving space or airtime to people the Kremlin does not like. Ivanov said. if you read it. In one of his most aggressive statements in the interview. Kommersant's prospects of disputing a warning in court are likely very slim. Kommersant will most likely dispute it in court." The anti-extremist law states that a court may close a publication after it receives two warnings within 12 months. we will stop the war at the negotiating table. Warning Letter KOMMERSANT Documents. In 2000. but a court overturned the warning. whose whereabouts the newspaper did not disclose. "It was an exception. "If the sober mind of our Kremlin opponents prevails. director of Moscow's Media Law and Policy Institute. if it doesn’t. so a publication may be allowed to stay open even after receiving a second warning." Kommersant relayed questions and received answers through a Maskhadov envoy. Richter said. but those were over inciting ethnic hatred. 2005 Federal Service for supervision of observing the law in the sphere of mass communication and cultural heritage protection within the limits of the authorities in the stated line considered the subject matter of the Aslan Maskhadov’s interview. the spokesman said.20  as of February 7. Three Russian newspapers . If not. the spokesman said.
12. According to the section 6.12. 2004 n. According to the section 11 of the Federal act as of 15. Thus. chairman of the State Duma Security Committee. the Federal Service for supervision of observing the law in the sphere of mass communication and cultural heritage protection gives Kommersant a written warning letter of inadmissibility of breaking Russian Federation Law. By virtue of the above stated in accordance with the authorities and following the section 16 of the Russian Federation Act as of 27. Basically.Kommersant note) territory and beyond its borders (see the 3 February issue of Kommersant). Chechen President Alu Alkhanov.1991 n. restrictive or preventive character that are aimed to exclusion and (or) liquidation of the aftermath of the violations of the orders by a juridical person and citizens within the limits of the authorities. Document No 23/1-5/1-846 is dated 9 February and signed by service head Boris Boyarskov. Kommersant was suspected of breaching the Russian Federation's legislation following an interview with Chechen separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov speaking about his unilateral suspension of military operations in Chechnya. Kavkaz-Tsentr pointed out that it did not have the text of Maskhadov's order. Chechen Prime Minister Sergey Abramov.2002 n.114-F3 “About the opposition to extreme activity”.1991 n.114F3 “About the opposition to extreme activity”. Most opinions boiled down to the conclusion that did not aspire to be regarded as in-depth analysis: The order issued by the leader of the self-proclaimed Republic of Ichkeria was nothing but a bluff and part of a PR campaign. having published “Aslan Maskhadov: my call is for the President” Maskhadov’s interview. chief of the Chechen Ministry of Internal Affairs operationalinvestigative unit. Chief Boris A. Why Kommersant Is Going To Appeal Against Warning for Aslan Maskhadov's Interview" -taken from HTML version of source provided by ISP] Last Tuesday (22 February). which had been issued to the newspaper by the Russian Federation Federal Service for Monitoring Observance of Legislation in the Sphere of Mass Communication and Protection of Cultural Heritage.kavkaz.tv) reported in the evening of 2 February that Aslan Maskhadov had ordered his subordinates "to suspend unilaterally offensive military operations on entire ChRI (Chechen Republic of Ichkeria -. cited a similar order issued by another Chechen gunmen leader -.07. the editors of Kommersant broke the above stated statutes of the Federal Laws. confirmed by the Russian Federation government on June 17. the Kommersant editorial office finally received the text of the official warning about inadmissibility of breaching Russian legislation.Shamil Basayev. there was nothing unexpected in these ~ 97 ~ . Viktor Ozerov. According to the section 4 of the Russian Act as of 27. The subject under discussion has the information that grounds and justifies the necessity of the extreme activity. the Federal Service has the right to apply measures of limitative. it is prohibited to use the mass media for operating any extreme activity.4 of the Regulations of the Federal Service for supervision of observing the law in the sphere of mass communication and cultural heritage protection.2124-1 “About the Mass Media”. 2002 n. Feb 2005 further terrorist activity. Boyarskov Chief Editor Rejects Charges Cited in Warning Over 7 Feb Maskhadov Interview Moscow Kommersant in Russian 24 Feb 05 [Report by Kommersant Chief Editor Aleksandr Stukalin: "Kommersant Is Also an Appellant Now.07. In view of the above. chairman of the Federation Council Defense and Security Committee. Ruslan Kasayev.2124-1 “About the Mass Media” and sections 5 and 8 of the Federal Act as of 15. it is prohibited to propagate the materials grounding or justifying the necessity of the extreme activity. Vladimir Vasilyev. but to corroborate its statement. Kommersant considers it necessary to explain to its readers its reasoning behind the decision to publish the interview with Aslan Maskhadov. 301. Mr Boyarskov believes that it "contained information justifying and defending the need for carrying out extremist activities. which was published on 7 February. Over the following several days Aslan Maskhadov's initiative was actively discussed by many politicians and functionaries at the media's initiative. and many other people commented on Aslan Maskhadov's words roughly along these lines. The publishing of Aslan Maskhadov's interview entitled "My Appeal Is Addressed to the Russian President" had its pre-history. The piece of news did not pass unnoticed by the Russian and foreign mass media. The Chechen separatist Kavkaz-Tsentr website (www." The editorial office categorically disagrees with this kind of interpretation of the interview by the functionary and is going to challenge the warning in court.Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures.
Particularly since we already have this kind of experience: Kommersant received a warning five years ago. it was unlikely that any independent observers seriously believed that the aforementioned people representing the authorities could seriously speculate about the possibility of a similar reciprocal step on the Kremlin's part or the prospects of peaceful settlement of the confrontation with the Ichkerian leader. In essence. One has the right to interpret Aslan Maskhadov's actions at one's own discretion. Feb 2005 opinions. it appeared from Mr Shabalkin's words that the order to cease fire was a fabrication and Udugov's canard and that the mass media were purposelessly misleading their audience. We can only regret that people at the Federal Service for Monitoring Observance of Legislation in the Sphere of Mass Communication and Protection of Cultural Heritage interpreted the publication along these very lines. After all. who are often oversensitive and excessively vigilant when these kinds of issues are raised. the editorial office believes that it fulfilled its task and that it is senseless to look for some hidden extremist sense in it. However. Therefore." Russian legislation does not provide a clear-cut definition of this kind of information and Kommersant will undoubtedly ask functionaries from Mr Boyarskov's department to prove their postulate in court (the newspaper can be closed down if it receives another warning of this kind within a year from the first one). which undoubtedly includes FSB General Ilya Shabalkin. We were warned for an interview with the selfsame Aslan Maskhadov that had similar contents and was published under a similar headline: "I Suspend Military Operations" (see the 21 April 2000 issue of Kommersant). At least none among our readers. the interview with Aslan Maskhadov had to give a clear-cut answer to the main question asked by Kommersant's audience. did not notice any justification of extremism in the interview (I assure you that we do not have any problems with feedback -. one commentary did stand out in that group. ~ 98 ~ .Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures. We could have simply accepted the authoritative opinion of the ROSh representative and could have quietly tackled other issues..take my word for it).. One can hardly assert that under the circumstances the editorial office had any other way to verify the facts than approach the author of the allegedly nonexistent edict Aslan Maskhadov himself. FSB Major General Ilya Shabalkin representing the Regional Operational Headquarters [ROSh] the counterterrorist operation in the North Caucasus. but at least is always required to possess verified information about Chechnya and knows how to tell a bluff from objective reality. However. Back then it was issued by the Russian Federation Ministry of the Press. All references to the leaders of the bandit clandestine movement are invented. Similar statements were disseminated on behalf of the ROSh by the ITARTASS and RIA Novosti news agencies.. too: "Did he or did he not issue the order on a unilateral ceasefire?" Since nobody raised the issue of "Movladi Udugov's fantasies" after the publication of the interview. Some time later. whereas politicians and functionaries were wasting time commenting on something that never existed in nature. In this situation Maskhadov's general representative Umar Khambiyev acted in this capacity (which Kommersant honestly admitted to its readers in the editorial introduction preceding the interview). It was stated directly in the warning about inadmissibility of "breaching the Russian Federation's legislation" issued to Kommersant's editorial office on its behalf and signed by service head Boris Boyarskov that "the publication under discussion contains information justifying and defending the need for carrying out extremist activities. it was provided by a structure that may not be authorized to hold negotiations with Chechen gunmen. at least through an intermediary. the Tverskoy Inter-Municipal Court in Moscow's Central Administrative District simply rescinded it following the editorial office's complaint. who in fact is the only person authorized to express the security department's official opinions. Kommersant decided to get to the bottom of the situation ever more so since Article 77 of the Russian Federation Law "On Mass Media" grants journalists the right to verify the reliability of information obtained regardless of whether it comes from Chechen separatist websites or from FSB generals. It was not made by a Russian legislator or a Chechen civil functionary. whereas the very texts of the statements are fruits of Movladi Udugov's (one of Chechen separatist ideologists -.Kommersant note) and his associates' fantasy" (see the 4 February issue of Kommersant). stated in his interview with Kommersant on 3 February: "Law enforcement organs know that information posted by bandit formations' ideologists on the extremist websites has no relation whatsoever to the statements allegedly made by Maskhadov and Basayev. We dare hope that the overwhelming majority of our readers share our opinion.
Maskhadov's Cease-Fire Declaration and Peace Overtures.com/ In accordance with 17 U.wordpress. this material is distributed without profit or payment to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving this information for non-profit research and educational purposes only. 107.C. ~ 99 ~ .S. Feb 2005 Copyright RMSMCBlog http://rmsmcblog.
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