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PATRIOTISM- A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Have you ever heard about the education system in Greece?

Did you know that in history, Sparta stress on the importance of patriotism in their heirs heart and to build man with strong and physically brave? This shows that patriotism is very important in a country so that every citizens love and cherish their beloved country which will leads them to protect and live peacefully in their country. And of course, they will do and contribute anything for their own nation as it will leads their country to modern globalization more than other country in the world. As we all know that patriotism came from ones heart and it is a strong feeling which cannot be pictured with words. It is a duty for ones citizen towards their nation. In Malaysia, we follow our Principles of Nationhood. As our national flower which is red in color and has five petals, hibiscus represents our five meaningful and precious principles. It was officially introduced on 31 August 1970 in the hope that it will strengthen national unity in Malaysias multiracial society. Our nation Malaysian is dedicated to achieving a greater unity for all her peoples, maintaining a democratic way of life and lastly to ensure the tradition of our culture. The five principles are belief in God, loyalty to King and country, supremacy of the constitution, rule of law, and lastly is the mutual respect and morality. In Malaysias history, there are many warriors like Datuk Maharaja Lela, Mat Kilau, Tok Janggut, Datuk Bahaman, Haji Abdul Rahman Limbong, and Rentap. All of them have protect their territory from being taken by the colonialist until they all dead. All these sacrifice and contribution that cannot be forgetten by all the citizens is very memorable. Did you know anything about Leftenan Adnan? The very valuable person in our history , he had sacrifice his life against British who wants to colonize our country, Malaysia which is also known as Tanah Malaya last period of time before we gain our independence from the British Government in London. Our government have done many things to our country. Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al- Haj have given freedom to all of us. This shows that he had the value of patriotism in his heart. The other prime ministers like Tun Abdul Razak , Tun Hussein Onn, Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad have been very gracious to our nation. They, the government have organized many things to instill the citizens love towards their country. Firstly, there is a day for youth gathering. During this day, all the youth will be meeting each other and will be together to achieve success for Malaysia. Then, patriotism will be in each of theirs heart. Secondly, our government have given the students RM100 each. This help the students to use the money wisely in their education or for their savings in the future. Thirdly, they have make our country to be a peaceful and harmonious country. Many

immigrants from other country like Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand, trying to enter Malaysia in order to survive in here which have many types of work. In here also, they will gain a lot of money rather than working in their own country. Other than that, there are a lot of communication between our country and foreign country. This will encourage the export and import of products in our country besides with many benefits to us.

Next, our countrys safety is being outstanding and this has lead the foreigner to transfer to Malaysia as this beautiful country is not exposed to the disasters like volcanoes, earthquake, tornadoes and many others. Besides, our country has many useful and beautiful infrastructure like the Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre (KLCC), Putrajaya, Bandar Utama Shopping Centre, Times Square Theme Park , Genting Highlands and Sumway Lagoon Theme Parks. We also have many beautiful beaches and islands like Tioman Island, Langkawi, Redang Island and many mores. Malaysia also rich with many types and modern transportation like monorel, LRT, KTM, car, bus, and others. All these facilities help the citizens to have a better life of living. These also help to instill patriotism of all the citizens towards Malaysia.

The Non-Government Organizations have done several things to instill patriotism to Malaysian. One of it is PLKN. Every students after SPM must go and follow the activity which will lead the patriotism towards Malaysia. Besides, they have organized may volunteering activity to other foreign country to help those people in that country which has natural disasters or being poor and has war. At global perspective, I can see that other country also has may patriotism values towards their nation as we can see from their old and historical leaders. Like in India, Mohandas Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in British, India. He became the preeminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He pioneered a belief in resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, based on total nonviolence. This concept helped India to gain independence, and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Indian nationalist leader. Born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Kathiawar, West India. He studied law in London, but in 1893 went to South Africa, where he spent 20 years opposing discriminatory legislation against Indians. As a pioneer of Satyagraha, or resistance through mass non-violent civil disobedience, he became one of the major political and spiritual leaders of his time. Satyagraha remains one of the most potent philosophies in freedom struggles throughout the world today.

In 1914, Gandhi returned to India, where he supported the Home Rule movement, and became leader of the Indian National Congress, advocating a policy of non-violent non-co-operation to achieve independence. His goal was to help poor farmers and laborers protest oppressive taxation and discrimination. He struggled to alleviate poverty, liberate women and put an end to caste discrimination, with the ultimate objective being self-rule for India. Following his civil disobedience campaign (1919-22), he was jailed for conspiracy (1922-4). In 1930, he led a landmark 320 km/200 mi march to the sea to collect salt in symbolic defiance of the government monopoly. On his release from prison (1931), he attended the London Round Table Conference on Indian constitutional reform. In 1946, he negotiated with the Cabinet Mission which recommended the new constitutional structure. After independence (1947), he tried to stop the Hindu-Muslim conflict in Bengal, a policy which led to his assassination in Delhi by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic. Even after his death, Gandhi's commitment to non-violence and his belief in simple living--making his own clothes, eating a vegetarian diet, and using fasts for selfpurification as well as a means of protest--have been a beacon of hope for oppressed and marginalized people throughout the world. Have you guys ever heard about Martin Luther King, Jr.? He was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family's long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B.D. in 1951. With a fellowship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955. In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic attainments. Two sons and two daughters were born into the family. In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the leading organization of its kind in the nation. He was ready, then, early in December, 1955, to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor

of the laureate. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank. In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his "Letter from a Birmingham Jail", a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, "l Have a Dream", he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure. At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.

On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated. Lastly, our Malaysian leader, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al- Haj. Tunku was born on February 8, 1903 in Alor Setar, the capital of the State of Kedah. He is the seventh prince of Sultan Abdul Hamid Shah, the twenty fourth Sultan of Kedah, and Che Manjalara. Said to be a robust and bright boy with a particular fondness for sports, Tunku received his early education at the Debsurin School, Bangkok and Penang Free School. On a Kedah Government scholarship, he went on to study at St. Catherine's College, Cambridge University, where he received his Bachelor of Arts in law and history in 1925. A firsthand experience in racial discrimination with the college's administration was said to have intensified his conviction in fighting for equality and

ignited his desire in making his homeland an independent state, free from British colonialism. His leadership flair also unfolded in England. Realising the Malay students there were not represented by any organisation, he established the Kesatuan Melayu Great Britain (Malay Association of Great Britain) and became its first secretary. After returning home, he joined the Kedah Civil Service as a cadet in the Legal Advisor's Office, and then as a district officer in several Kedah districts. He proved unpopular among some British officials thanks to his outspokenness and tendency to introduce reforms in his quest to improve the living standards of the people. His attempt at completing his law studies at the Inner Temple in England in 1938 came to a halt due the outbreak of the Second World War. He resumed his studies eight years later and came home with his legal qualifications in 1949. The political awareness he gained while making friends with people from various nations in England did not go to waste, when he was made chairman of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) soon after his return. On August 26, 1951, Tunku became the UMNO President succeeding Dato' Onn Jaafar. He travelled all over the country meeting people from all walks of life to promote unity. His efforts in overcoming the country's political problems by way of cooperation among the various ethnic groups saw the birth of the Alliance Party in 1955. Under his leadership, the Alliance won the country's first general election in July 1955. Tunku was then appointed the country's Chief Minister and Minister of Home Affairs. In 1956, he led a mission to London for a discussion with the British government concerning the independence for Malaya. The meeting resulted in the signing of the Independent Treaty at Lancaster House in London on February 8, 1956 and consequently, the independence of Malaya in August 31, 1957. Tunku was then elected as the first Prime Minister of Malaya, and led the Alliance to victory in the 1959, 1964 and 1969 general elections. Tunku Abdul Rahman became the first prime minister of the Federation of Malaya from 1957 to 1963, and of Malaysia from 1963 to 1970. In conclusion, I believe that all the citizens should memorise this word as it can help all the citizens to love their own country deeply. John F. Kennedy said , Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.

Name: Anis Hafizah binti Hasan Basri Class: 4 Cattleya School : SM Sains Seri Puteri (SESERI) Date:1/6/2012 Words:2333 References: 1. http://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898 2. http://www.perdana.org.my/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=184 &Itemid=124 3. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/king-bio.html