Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 - Jan 2012.

doc Page 1 of
13
Worked Examples to Eurocode 2
25 February 2010
Amended 18 January 2012


Revisions required to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2
due to Amendment 1 to NA to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 dated Dec 2009.

Amended 18/1/2012 to illustrate 40K limit on l/d according to Table NA.5 Note 6



Page Where Old text Revised text
37/38 3.1.6 Allowable l/d = N × K × F1 × F2 × F3
where
N = 25.6 (µ = 0.41%, f
ck
= 30)
K = 1.0 (simply supported)
F1 = 1.0 (b
eff
/b
w
= 1.0)
F2 = 1.0 (span < 7.0 m)
F3 = 310/o
s
≤ 1.5
where
o
s
= o
sn
(A
s,req
/A
s,prov
) 1/o
where
o
sn
~ 242 MPa (From Concise
Figure 15.3 and
g
k
/q
k
= 1.79, ¢
2
= 0.3, ¸
g
=
1.25)
o = redistribution ratio = 1.0
o
s
~ 242 × 594/645 = 222
F3 = 310/222 = 1.40
Allowable l/d = 25.6 × 1.40 = 35.8
Actual l/d = 4800/144 = 33.3 OK
Use H12 @ 175 B1 (645 mm
2
/m)
Allowable l/d = N × K × F1 × F2 × F3
where
N = 25.6 (µ = 0.41%, f
ck
= 30)
K = 1.0 (simply supported)
F1 = 1.0 (b
eff
/b
w
= 1.0)
F2 = 1.0 (span < 7.0 m)
F3 = A
s,prov
/A
s,req
≤ 1.50
= 645/ 594 = 1.09
Allowable l/d = 25.6 × 1.09 = 27.9
Actual l/d = 4800/144 = 33.3
no good
Try 33.3/27.9 x 654 = 784 mm
2
/m
i.e. H12@140 (807 mm
2
/m)
F3 = 807/ 594 = 1.36



Allowable l/d = 25.6 × 1.36 = 34.8
(which is < 40K = 40) [Table NA.5 Note 6]
i.e. > 33.3 OK
Use H12 @ 140 B1 (807 mm
2
/m)
38 3.1.7 By inspection, OK
However, if considered critical:
V = 29.5 kN/m as before
V
Ed
= 29.5 ‒ 0.14 × 12.3 = 27.8 kN/m
v
Ed
= 27.8 × 10
3
/144 × 10
3
= 0.19 MPa
v
Rd,c
= 0.53 MPa
By inspection, OK
However, if considered critical:
V = 29.5 kN/m as before
V
Ed
= 29.5 ‒ 0.14 × 12.3 = 27.8 kN/m
v
Ed
= 27.8 × 10
3
/144 × 10
3
= 0.19 MPa
µ = 804/1000 x 144 =0.56%
say 50% curtailed use 0.28%
v
Rd,c
= 0.54 MPa
Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 - Jan 2012.doc Page 2 of
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1
The use of Table 15.2 from Concise Eurocode 2implies certain amounts of redistribution, which are defined in Concise
Eurocode 2 Table 15.14.
42 3.2.6 F3 = 310/o
s
≤ 1.5
where
o
s
= (f
yk

S
) (A
s,req
/A
s,prov
) (SLS
loads/ULS loads) (1/o)
= f
yd
× (A
s,req
/A
s,prov
) × (g
k
+ ¢
2

q
k
)/(¸
G
g
k
+ ¸
Q
q
k
) (1/o)
= (500/1.15) × (639/645) × [(5.9
+ 0.3 × 3.3)/12.3] × 1.08
1

= 434.8 × 0.99 × 0.56 ×
1.08 = 260 MPa
F3 = 310/260 = 1.19
Note: A
s,prov
/A
s,req
s 1.50
Allowable l/d = N × K × F1 × F2 × F3
= 23.5 × 1.3 × 1.0 × 1.19
= 36.4
Max. span = 36.4 × 144 = 5675 mm, i.e. <
5795 mm
No good
Try H12 @ 150 B1 (754 mm
2
/m)
o
s
= 434.8 × 639/754 × 0.56 × 1.08 =
223
F3 = 310/223 = 1.39
Allowable l/d = 23.5 × 1.3 × 1.0 × 1.39
= 42.5
Max. span = 42.5 × 144 = 6120 mm,
i.e. > 5795 mm OK
H12 @ 150 B1 (754 mm
2
/m) OK
F3 = A
s,prov
/A
s,req
≤ 1.50


= 645/ 639 = 1.01
Allowable l/d = N × K × F1 × F2 × F3
= 23.5 × 1.3 × 1.0 × 1.01
= 30.8
Max. span = 30.8 × 144 = 4435 mm,
i.e. < 5795 mm
No good











Try H12 @ 125 B1 (904 mm
2
/m)



F3 = 904/639 = 1.41
Allowable l/d = 23.5 × 1.3 × 1.0 × 1.41
= 43.1
Max. span = 43.1 × 144 = 6206 mm,
i.e. > 5795 mm OK
H12 @ 125 B1 (904 mm
2
/m) OK
43 3.2.7 F3 = 310/o
s
≤ 1.5
where
o
s
= f
yd
× (A
s,req
/A
s,prov
) × (g
k
+ ¢
2
q
k
)/(¸
G
g
k
+
¸
Q
q
k
) (1/o)
= (500/1.15) × (465/502) × [ (5.9 + 0.3
× 3.3)/12.3] × 1.03
= 434.8 × 0.93 × 0.56 × 1.03 = 233 MPa
F3 = 310/233 = 1.33
Allowable l/d = N × K × F1 × F2 × F3
= 35.8 × 1.5 × 1.0 × 1.33
= 71.4
Max. span = 71.4 × 144 = 10280 mm i.e. >
5795 mm OK
F3 = A
s,req
/A
s,prov
≤ 1.5
= 502/ 465 = 1.08







Allowable l/d = N × K × F1 × F2 × F3
= 35.8 × 1.5 × 1.0 × 1.08
= 58.0
(which is < 40K = 40 x 1.5 =60)
[Table NA.5 Note 6]
Max. span = 58.0 × 144 = 8352 mm
i.e. > 5795 mm OK
44 3.2.9 In Figure 3.4
H12@150
In Figure 3.4
H12@125
46 3.2.10a) Crack control
As slab < 200 mm, measures to control
cracking are unnecessary.
Crack control
As slab < 200 mm, measures to control
cracking are unnecessary.
Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 - Jan 2012.doc Page 3 of
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However, as a check on end span:
Loading is the main cause of cracking,
use Table 7.2N or Table 7.3N for w
max
= 0.4
mm and o = 241 MPa (see deflection check).
Max. bar size = 20 mm
or max. spacing = 250 mm
H12 @ 150 B1 OK.
However, as a check on end span:
Loading is the main cause of cracking,
use Table 7.2N or Table 7.3N for w
max
= 0.4
mm and o = 241 MPa (see deflection check).
Max. bar size = 20 mm
or max. spacing = 250 mm
H12 @ 125 B1 OK
End supports: effects of partial fixity

Try H12 @ 450 (251 mm
2
/m) U-bars at
supports
End supports: effects of partial fixity

Try H12 @ 500 (226 mm
2
/m) U-bars at
supports
46 3.2.10b) End span, bottom reinforcement

Try H12 @ 300 (376 mm
2
/m) at supports
End span, bottom reinforcement

Try H12 @ 250 (452 mm
2
/m) at supports
49 3.2.10b)
iii
Support B bottom steel at support

For convenience use H12 @ 300 B1 (376
mm
2
/m)
Support B bottom steel at support

For convenience use H12 @250 B1 (452
mm
2
/m)
51 3.2.11 Figure 3.6 See A below
57/58 3.3.5b) Span A–B: Deflection

F3 = 310/o
s
≤ 1.5
where
o
s
= (f
yk

S
) (A
s,req
/A
s,prov
) (SLS
loads/ULS loads) (1/o)
= 434.8(523/628) [ (4.30 + 0.3 ×
5.0)/13.38] (65.3/61.7
$
)
= 434.8 × 0.83 × 0.43 × 1.06
= 164 MPa
F3 = 310/o
s

= 310/164 = 1.89
#
but ≤ 1.50 therefore say
1.50
Permissible l/d = 22.8 × 1.3 × 0.8 × 0.93 ×
1.50 = 33.0
Actual l/d = 7500/257 = 29.2
OK
Use 2 no. H20/rib (628 mm
2
/rib)
Span A–B: Deflection

F3 = 310/o
s
≤ 1.5
where
o
s
= (f
yk

S
) (A
s,req
/A
s,prov
) (SLS
loads/ULS loads) (1/o)
= 434.8(523/628) [ (4.30 +
5.0)/13.38] (65.3/61.7
$
)
= 434.8 × 0.83 × 0.70 × 1.06
= 267 MPa
F3 = 310/o
s

= 310/267 = 1.16

Permissible l/d = 22.8 × 1.3 × 0.8 × 0.93 ×
1.16 = 25.6
Actual l/d = 7500/257 = 29.2
no good
Try 1H25 + 1H20/rib (805 mm
2
/rib)
d = 254 mm; K = 0.028;
z = 241 mm A
sreq
= 529 mm
2

o
s
= 434.8(529/805) [ (4.30 +
5.0)/13.38] (65.3/61.7
$
)
= 434.8 × 0.66 × 0.70 × 1.06
= 213 MPa
F3 = 310/213 = 1.45
Permissible l/d
= 22.8 × 1.3 × 0.8 × 0.93 × 1.45
= 32.0
Actual l/d = 7500/254 = 29.5 OK
Use 1H25 + 1H20/rib (805 mm
2
/rib)
Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 - Jan 2012.doc Page 4 of
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2
Both A
s,prov
/A
s,req
and any adjustment to N obtained from Expression (7.16a) or Expression (7.16b) is restricted to 1.5 by
Note 5 to Table NA.5 in the UK NA.
61 3.3.6b) Span B–C – : Deflection

F3 = 310/o
S
≤ 1.5
where
o
s
= (f
yk

s
) (A
s,req
/A
s,prov
) (SLS loads/ULS
loads) (1/o)
= 434.8 × (474/628) [(4.30 + 0.3 ×
5.0)/13.38](61.1/55.9)
= 434.8 × 0.75 × 0.43 × 1.09
= 153 MPa
F3 = 310/o
s

= 310/153 = 2.03, say = 1.50
2

Permissible l/d = 26.8 × 1.5 × 0.8 × 0.77
× 1.50 = 37.1
Actual l/d = 9000/257 = 35
OK
Use 2 H20/rib (628 mm
2
/rib)
Span B–C – : Deflection

F3 = 310/o
S
≤ 1.5
where
o
s
= (f
yk

s
) (A
s,req
/A
s,prov
) (SLS loads/ULS
loads) (1/o)
= 434.8 × (474/628) [(4.30 + 5.0)
/13.38](61.1/55.9)
= 434.8 × 0.75 × 0.70 × 1.09
= 249 MPa
F3 = 310/o
s

= 310/249 = 1.24
Permissible l/d = 26.8 × 1.5 × 0.8 × 0.77
× 1.24 = 30.7
Actual l/d = 9000/257 = 35
no good
Try 1H25 + 1H20/rib (805 mm
2
/rib)
d = 254 mm; K = 0.025;
z = 241 mm A
sreq
= 480 mm
2

o
s
= 434.8(480/805) [ (4.30 +
5.0)/13.38] (61.1/55.9)
= 434.8 × 0.60 × 0.70 × 1.09
= 199 MPa
F3 = 310/199 = 1.56 but ≤ 1.50
Permissible l/d
= 26.8 × 1.5 × 0.8 × 0.77 × 1.50
= 37.1
Actual l/d = 9000/254 = 35.4 OK
Use 1H25 + 1H20/rib (805 mm
2
/rib)
65 3.3.10 Figure 3.15 See B below
69 3.3.10b)
viii
Support B (and C): bottom steel curtailment
BA and BC To suit prefabrication 2 no.
H20/rib will be curtailed at solid/rib interface,
1000 mm from B
A
(B towards A) and B
C
.
Support B (and C): bottom steel curtailment
BA and BC To suit prefabrication 1 H20 +
1H25 /rib will be curtailed at solid/rib
interface, 1000 mm from B
A
(B towards A)
and B
C
.
69 3.3.10c) Laps
At A
B,
check lap 1 no. H20 B to 2 no. H20 B in
rib full tension lap:
l
0
= o
1
o
6
l
b,rqd
> l
0,min

where
o
1
= 1.0 (c
d
= 45 mm, i.e. < 3¢)
o
6
= 1.5 (as > 50% being lapped)
l
b,rqd
= (¢/4) (o
sd
/f
bd
)
where
¢ = 20
o
sd
= 434.8
f
bd
= 3.0 MPa as before
Laps
At A
B,
check lap 1 no. H20 B to 1 H20 B +
1H25 B in rib full tension lap:
l
0
= o
1
o
6
l
b,rqd
> l
0,min

where
o
1
= 1.0 (c
d
= 45 mm, i.e. < 3¢)
o
6
= 1.5 (as > 50% being lapped)
l
b,rqd
= (¢/4) (o
sd
/f
bd
)
where
¢ = 20
o
sd
= 434.8 (bar assumed to be fully
stressed)
f
bd
= 3.0 MPa as before
65 3.3.10d) Figure 3.17 See C below
74 3.4.5b) F3 = 310/o
s
≤ 1.5
where
F3 = 310/o
s
≤ 1.5
where
Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 - Jan 2012.doc Page 5 of
13
o
s
= o
sn
(A
s,req
/A
s,prov
) 1/o
where
o
sn
= (500/1.15) × (8.5 + 0.3 × 4.0)
/16.6 = 254 MPa
(or ~ 253 MPa (From Concise
Figure 15.3 for G
k
/Q
k
= 2.1, ¢
2
= 0.3
and ¸
g
= 1.25)
o = redistribution ratio = 1.03
o
s
~ 253 × (1324/1570)/1.03 = 207
F3 = 310/207 = 1.50
Allowable l/d = 20.3 × 1.2 × 1.50 = 36.5
Actual l/d = 9500/260 = 36.5 OK
Use H20 @ 200 B1 (1570)
o
s
= o
sn
(A
s,req
/A
s,prov
) 1/o
where
o
sn
= (500/1.15) × (8.5 + 4.0) /16.6 =
327 MPa



o = redistribution ratio = 1.03
o
s
~ 327 × (1324/1570)/1.03 = 267
F3 = 310/267 = 1.16
Allowable l/d = 20.3 × 1.2 × 1.16 = 28.2
Actual l/d = 9500/260 = 36.5 no good
Try H16 @100 (2010 mm
2
/m) and
F3 = A
s,prov
/A
s,req
≤ 1.50
= 2010/ 1340 = 1.50 ≤ 1.50
Allowable l/d = 20.3 × 1.2 × 1.50 = 36.5
Actual l/d = 36.5 OK
Use H16@100B1 (2093 mm
2
/m)
78 3.4.7b) Allowable l/d = N × K × F1 × F2 × F3
where
N = 26.2 (µ = 0.40%, f
ck
= 30)
K = 1.2 (flat slab)
F1 = 1.0 (b
eff
/b
w
= 1.0)
F2 = 1.0 (no brittle partitions)
F3 = 310/o
s

where
o
s
= o
sn
(A
s,req
/A
s,prov
) 1/o
where
o
sn
~ 283 MPa (from Concise
Figure 15.3 and G
k
/Q
k
= 3.6,
¢
2
= 0.3, ¸
g
= 1.25)
o = redistribution ratio = 1.08
o
s
~ 283 × (959/1005)/1.08 = 250
F3 = 310/250 = 1.24
Allowable l/d = 26.2 × 1.2 × 1.24 = 39.0
Actual l/d = 5900/240 = 24.5 OK
Use H16 @ 200 B2 (1005 mm
2
/m)
Allowable l/d = N × K × F1 × F2 × F3
where
N = 26.2 (µ = 0.40%, f
ck
= 30)
K = 1.2 (flat slab)
F1 = 1.0 (b
eff
/b
w
= 1.0)
F2 = 1.0 (no brittle partitions)
F3 = A
s,prov
/A
s,req
≤ 1.50
= 1005/ 959 = 1.05 ≤ 1.50








Allowable l/d = 26.2 × 1.2 × 1.05 = 33.0
Actual l/d = 5900/240 = 24.5 OK
Use H16 @ 200 B2 (1005 mm
2
/m)
90 3.4.13 Spans 1–2 and 2–3:
Column strip and middle strip: H20 @ 200 B
Spans 1–2 and 2–3:
Column strip and middle strip: H16 @ 100 B1
92 3.4.13 Figure 3.26 See D below
112 4.2.6 F3 = 310/o
s
≤ 1.5
where
o
s
in simple situations = (f
yk

S
)
(A
s,req
/A
s,prov
) (SLS loads/ULS
loads) (1/o). However in this case
separate analysis at SLS would be
required to determine o
s
.
Therefore as a simplification use
the conservative assumption:
310/o
s
= (500/f
yk
) (A
s,req
/A
s,prov
)
= (500/500)×(4824/4158) = 1.16



F3 = A
s,prov
/A
s,req
≤ 1.50
= 4824/4158 = 1.16
Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 - Jan 2012.doc Page 6 of
13

3
Both A
s,prov
/A
s,req
and any adjustment to N obtained from Expression (7.16a) or Expression (7.16b) is restricted to 1.5 by
Note 5 to Table NA.5 in the UK NA.
4
Both A
s,prov
/A
s,req
and any adjustment to N obtained from Expression (7.16a) or Expression (7.16b) is restricted to 1.5 by
Note 5 to Table NA.5 in the UK NA.

123 4.3.5b) F3 = 310/o
s
≤ 1.5
where
o
s
=(f
yk

S
)(A
s,req
/A
s,prov
)(SLS loads/ULS loads)(1/o)
=434.8×(5835/5892) [(47.8+0.3× 45.8)/(1.25 ×
47.8 + 1.5 × 45.8)] × (1/0.945)
= 434.8 × 0.99 × 0.48 × 1.06
= 219 MPa

F3 = A
s,prov
/A
s,req
≤ 1.50
= 5892 / 5835 = 1.01
124 4.3.5b)
F3 = 310/o
s
≤ 1.5
= 310/219 = 1.41
Permissible l/d = 17.8×1.3 × 0.90×0.95 × 1.41 = 27.9
Actual l/d = 7500/252 = 29.8 no good
Try 13 no. H25 B (6383 mm
2
)
F3 = 310/o
s

= 310/219 × 13/12 = 1.53
3
= say 1.50
Permissible l/d = 17.8×1.3×0.90×0.95×1.50 = 29.7
Actual l
eff
/d = 7400/252 = 29.8
Say OK
Use 13 no. H25 B (6383 mm
2
)


Permissible l/d = 17.8×1.3 × 0.90×0.95 × 1.01 = 20.0
Actual l/d = 7500/252 = 29.8 no good
Try 12 no. H32 B (9648 mm
2
)
F3 = A
s,prov
/A
s,req
≤ 1.50
= 9648 /5835 = 1.65
4
= say 1.50
Permissible l/d = 17.8×1.3×0.90×0.95×1.50 = 29.7
Actual l
eff
/d = 7400/252 = 29.8
Say OK
Use 13 no. H25 B (6383 mm
2
)
124 4.3.6 Figure 4.20 See E below
127 4.3.7d) F3 = 310/o
s
≤ 1.5
where
o
s
=(f
yk

S
)(A
s,req
/A
s,prov
)(SLS loads/ULS loads)(1/o)
=434.8× (3783/3828)[(47.8+0.3× 45.8)/(1.25
× 47.8 + 1.5 × 45.8)] × (1/0.908)
= 434.8 × 0.99 × 0.48 × 1.10
= 227 MPa
F3 = 310/o
s

= 310/227 = 1.37
Permissible l/d = 44.7 × 1.37 × 0.88 × 0.95
× 1.37 = 70.1
Actual l/d = 7500/252 = 29.8 OK
Use 8 no. H25 B (3928 mm
2
)
F3 = A
s,prov
/A
s,req
≤ 1.50
= 3828/3783= 1.01








Permissible l/d
= 44.7 × 1.50 × 0.88 × 0.95 × 1.01 = 56.6
(which is < 40K = 40 x 1.5 =60)
[Table NA.5 Note 6]

Actual l/d = 7500/252 = 29.8 OK
Use 8 no. H25 B (3928 mm
2

133 4.3.10 Figures 4.22 and 4.23 See F below
146 5.3 Figure 5.6
300 mm flat slabs All columns 400 mm sq

300 mm flat slabs All columns 500 mm sq
153 5.3.8 Changes req’d
183 Refer-
ences
1a National Annex to Eurocode 2- Part 1-
1. BSI 2005
1a National Annex to Eurocode 2- Part 1-
1. Incorporating Amendment No.1 BSI
2009
183 Refer-
ences
5 R S NARAYANAN & C H GOODCHILD.
The Concrete Centre. Concise Eurocode
2, CCIP-005. TCC 2006
5 R S NARAYANAN & C H GOODCHILD.
The Concrete Centre. Concise Eurocode
2, CCIP-005. TCC 2006 As Amended
Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 - Jan 2012.doc Page 7 of
13


2010
190 B1.1 Delete existing text. See G below New text:
According to Note 5 of Table NA.5 the NA
to BS EN 1992-1-1
[1a]
the modification
factor for service stress used with the l/d
method of checking the SLS state of
deformation (designated factor F3 in TCC
publications) may be determined as either
- 310/o
s
using characteristic load
combinations to determine the
service stress, o
s

or
- (500/f
yk
)(A
s,prov
/A
s,req
)
In either case the modification factor is
restricted to a maximum of 1.50. In the
UK
f
yk
= 500 MPa.
Assuming o
s
is proportional to o
u
, and
using characteristic load combinations to
determine o
s
produces values of 310/o
s
=
1.00 +3% - 6%. and so is not as attractive
to using A
s,prov
/A
s,req.
The use of F3 = A
s,prov
/A
s,req
≤ 1.5 is
therefore advocated in checking
deformation using the l/d method.

190 B1.2 See H below
191 B1.4 See J below
191 B1.5 See K below
201 C7 See L below
204 C8 See M below
Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 - Jan 2012.doc Page 8 of
13
A Amends to p 51 Figure 3.7



B Amends to p 65 Figure 3.15















C Amends to p 70 Figure 3.17




300
250
150
125
300
250
2H20/rib
1H25 + 1H20/rib
x 3
Note curtailed bat
2H20/rib
1H25 + 1H20/rib
x 2
Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 - Jan 2012.doc Page 9 of
13
D Amends to p 92 Figure 3.26




E Amends to p 124 Figure 4.20



H20@200
H16@100
25 bar
32 bar
20 bar
20/25 bar
Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 - Jan 2012.doc Page 10
of 13
F Amends to p133 Figures 4.22 and 4.23



G Amends to p190 B1.1

















13H25
12H32
x2
T25 in
section
x2
NewText
According to Note 5 of Table NA.5 the NA to BS EN
1992-1-1
[1a]
the modification factor for service stress
used with the l/d method of checking the SLS state of
deformation (designated factor F3 in TCC
publications) may be determined as either
- 310/os using characteristic load combinations
to determine the service stress, os
or
- (500/fyk)(As,prov /As,req)
In either case the modification factor is restricted to a
maximum of 1.50. In the UK
fyk = 500 MPa.
Assuming os is simply proportional to the ultimate
stress, ou, produces values of 310/os = 1.00 +/- 5%
and so for hand calculations is not as attractive as
using As,prov /As,req.
The use of F3 = As,prov /As,req ≤ 1.5 is therefore
advocated in checking deformation using the l/d
method by hand.


Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 - Jan 2012.doc Page 11
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H Amends to p190 B1.2









J Amends to p191 B1.4











combination values
of actions


[1a]



[1]



were

Add new text
using the quasi
permanent values of
actions (see B.4)

New para
In the light of the
above disparity and
pending clarification,
the UK NA was revised
and published in
December 2009 as
detailed in B1.1 above.

NewText
an accurate


combination values of actions
taking account of SLS moments,
compression reinforcement,
A
s,prov
/A
s,req
, etc.


310/o
s




Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 - Jan 2012.doc Page 12
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K Amends to p191 B1.4



















L Amends to p201 C7





New paras
Prior to the publication of the
revised UK NA[1a] it was allowable
to calculate the moderation factor
using in l/d verifications of
deformation(F3) by using quasi
permanent loads.
Assuming o
s
due to quasi
permanent actions is proportional
to o
u
, the method as outlined in C8
may be used to determine o
s
in
verifications of crack widths, etc.


New text:
either
- 310/os using characteristic load
combinations to determine the
service stress, os
or
- (500/fyk)(As,prov /As,req)
In either case the modification factor is
restricted to a maximum of 1.50.
Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 - Jan 2012.doc Page 13
of 13

M Amends to p204 C8








































chg 25 Feb 2010
below


New text ex p 201:

req  1.19 Note: As.req/As.e.50 Allowable l/d = N  K  F1  F2  F3 = 23.39 F3 = 904/639 = 1.req/As.99  0.4 Max.8  144 = 4435 mm.7 44 46 3.081 = 434.9 3.prov ≤ 1.0  1.3  1.56  1.2.2.0 5795 mm OK (which is < 40K = 40 x 1.50 F3 = 310/s ≤ 1.5  1.33 Allowable l/d = N  K  F1  F2  F3 = 35. > 5795 mm OK In Figure 3.4 H12@150 In Figure 3.8  1.  H12 @ 150 B1 (754 mm2/m) OK i. Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 .prov /As. measures to control cracking are unnecessary.42 3.56  1.e. i.01 loads/ULS loads) (1/) = 30. span = 42.3  1.3  1. span = 71.33 Allowable l/d = N  K  F1  F2  F3 = 71.15)  (639/645)  [(5.0  1.3]  1.5  1. span = 36.3  3.08 = 260 MPa F3 = 310/260 = 1.41 = 42. span = 58.0  1.9 + 0.41 Max.1  144 = 6206 mm.3)/12.0  1.2. which are defined in Concise Eurocode 2 Table 15.4  144 = 10280 mm i.4 H12@125 Crack control As slab < 200 mm.req ≤ 1.8 = fyd  (As.0  1.8  0.03 = 233 MPa F3 = 310/233 = 1.prov/As.prov)  (gk + 2 qk)/(Ggk + Qqk) (1/) = (500/1.req/As.3  1.0  144 = 8352 mm i. span = 43.5  1. 43 3.0  1.93  0.5 Note 6] Max.5 = 502/ 465 = 1.1 i.5 F3 = 310/s ≤ 1.08 = 223 F3 = 310/223 = 1.2 from Concise Eurocode 2implies certain amounts of redistribution.08 where s = fyd  (As.3)/12.56  1.14.e.19 = 36.5 = 645/ 639 = 1.08 Max.39 Allowable l/d = 23. > = 58.3  3.5 Allowable l/d = 23.4 = 35.doc 13 Page 2 of .03 = 434. 1 The use of Table 15. qk)/(Ggk + Qqk) (1/) i.4  144 = 5675 mm.5  144 = 6120 mm. measures to control cracking are unnecessary.e.req/As.15)  (465/502)  [ (5.5  1.5 =60) [Table NA.8  639/754  0.Jan 2012.e.8  1. < 5795 mm = (500/1. span = 30.01 where Allowable l/d = N  K  F1  F2  F3 s = (fyk/S) (As.prov)  (gk + 2 Max.10a) Crack control As slab < 200 mm. = 43. > 5795 mm OK Max. > 5795 mm OK  H12 @ 125 B1 (904 mm2/m) OK F3 = As.5  1.prov) (SLS = 23.6 F3 = As.e.9  No good + 0.2.5  1.3]  1. < 5795 mm  No good Try H12 @ 150 B1 (754 mm2/m) Try H12 @ 125 B1 (904 mm2/m) s = 434.8  0.

2 Actual l/d = 7500/257 = 29.  use Table 7.8(523/628) [ (4.7$) = 434.3/61.16 = 25.3  0.83  0.93  1.req/As.5b) Span A–B: Deflection F3 = 310/s≤ 1.5  OK Use 1H25 + 1H20/rib (805 mm2/rib) Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 .50  Permissible l/d = 22.5 F3 = 310/s≤ 1.30 + 0.3  0.70  1.5 where where s = (fyk/S) (As.0)/13.93  1.6 End supports: effects of partial fixity Try H12 @ 500 (226 mm2/m) U-bars at supports End span.3.However.8  0.43  1.66  0. as a check on end span: However.30 + 5.83  0.3N for wmax = 0. H20/rib (628 mm2/rib) Try 1H25 + 1H20/rib (805 mm2/rib) d = 254 mm.028.11 Figure 3.8  1. as a check on end span: Loading is the main cause of cracking.Jan 2012.3  5.7$) = 434.prov) (SLS s = (fyk/S) (As.doc 13 Page 3 of .89# but ≤ 1. mm and  = 241 MPa (see deflection check).prov) (SLS loads/ULS loads) (1/) loads/ULS loads) (1/) = 434.3  0.8  0. z = 241 mm Asreq = 529 mm2  s = 434.8  0.3/61.2N or Table 7.06 = 267 MPa = 164 MPa F3 = 310/s F3 = 310/s = 310/267 = 1. Loading is the main cause of cracking.7$) 5.50 therefore say 1.  H12 @ 125 B1 OK End supports: effects of partial fixity Try H12 @ 450 (251 mm2/m) U-bars at supports 46 3.10b) End span.0 Actual l/d = 7500/257 = 29. bar size = 20 mm Max.4  use Table 7.2.93   Permissible l/d = 22. K = 0.8(523/628) [ (4.2 no good  OK Use 2 no.0 Actual l/d = 7500/254 = 29.16 = 310/164 = 1.6 1. spacing = 250 mm  H12 @ 150 B1 OK.38] (65. Max. bar size = 20 mm or max.10b) Support B bottom steel at support iii For convenience use H12 @ 300 B1 (376 mm2/m) 3.0)/13.70  1.30 + = 434.2. bottom reinforcement Try H12 @ 250 (452 mm2/m) at supports Support B bottom steel at support For convenience use H12 @250 B1 (452 mm2/m) See A below Span A–B: Deflection 51 57/58 3. spacing = 250 mm or max.45 Permissible l/d = 22.8  1.3/61.2N or Table 7.06 = 434.38] (65.45 = 32.4 mm and  = 241 MPa (see deflection check).2.8  0.8(529/805) [ (4.8  0.req/As. bottom reinforcement Try H12 @ 300 (376 mm2/m) at supports 49 3.8  0.3N for wmax = 0.50 = 33.8  1.06 = 213 MPa F3 = 310/213 = 1.0)/13.38] (65.

1/55.10b) Support B (and C): bottom steel curtailment viii BA and BC To suit prefabrication 2 no.30 + 5.10c) Laps At AB.req/As.56 but ≤ 1.8  0.3.60  0.0 (cd = 45 mm.7 Actual l/d = 9000/257 = 35  Actual l/d = 9000/257 = 35  no good OK Use 2 H20/rib (628 mm2/rib) Try 1H25 + 1H20/rib (805 mm2/rib) d = 254 mm.8  1.8  1.min where 1 = 1.e.prov) (SLS loads/ULS s = (fyk/s) (As.6b) Span B–C – : Deflection Span B–C – : Deflection F3 = 310/S≤ 1.e.1/55.4.03.8(480/805) [ (4.09 = 153 MPa = 249 MPa F3 = 310/s F3 = 310/s = 310/153 = 2.prov) (SLS loads/ULS loads) (1/) loads) (1/) = 434. < 3) 6 = 1.5 where 3. Laps At AB.8  1. H20/rib will be curtailed at solid/rib interface.3.0 (cd = 45 mm.3.req/As.0 MPa as before 3.502 = 310/249 = 1.0 MPa as before See C below F3 = 310/s ≤ 1.38] (61.09 = 434.1 Actual l/d = 9000/254 = 35.3. check lap 1 no.1/55.30 + 0.50 Permissible l/d = 26. H20 B in rib full tension lap: l0 = 1 6 lb.5 (as > 50% being lapped) lb.38](61.doc 13 Page 4 of .43  1.24  Permissible l/d = 26.5b) F3 = 310/s ≤ 1.8  (474/628) [(4.70  1.3  = 434.9) = 434.8  0.0)/13.9) /13.8  0.5  0.0) 5.4  OK Use 1H25 + 1H20/rib (805 mm2/rib) 65 69 3.16a) or Expression (7.5 in the UK NA.50 = 37.8  0.09 = 199 MPa F3 = 310/199 = 1.3.50 = 37. z = 241 mm Asreq = 480 mm2  s = 434.0)/13.5 by Note 5 to Table NA.24 = 30.rqd > l0.5 where where s = (fyk/s) (As.req and any adjustment to N obtained from Expression (7.8  0.5 (as > 50% being lapped) lb.38](61.8 fbd = 3. i. i.5  0.9) = 434. H20 B to 2 no.77  1.75  0.30 + 5.rqd > l0.16b) is restricted to 1. 1000 mm from BA (B towards A) and BC. check lap 1 no.Jan 2012. 1000 mm from BA (B towards A) and BC.5  0.70  1. say = 1.1  1.15 See B below Support B (and C): bottom steel curtailment BA and BC To suit prefabrication 1 H20 + 1H25 /rib will be curtailed at solid/rib interface.5 F3 = 310/S≤ 1.prov/As.75  0.5 where 69 65 74 2 Both As.8  (474/628) [(4.rqd = (/4) (sd/fbd) where  = 20 sd = 434.77  1. H20 B to 1 H20 B + 1H25 B in rib full tension lap: l0 = 1 6 lb. 3. K = 0.17 3.8 (bar assumed to be fully stressed) fbd = 3.77  Permissible l/d = 26.10 Figure 3. Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 .rqd = (/4) (sd/fbd) where  = 20 sd = 434.025.8  0. < 3) 6 = 1.10d) Figure 3.61 3.min where 1 = 1.

5 + 0.2 (flat slab) K = 1.3 and Gk/Qk = 3.5 where Spans 1–2 and 2–3: Column strip and middle strip: H16 @ 100 B1 See D below F3 = As.05 ≤ 1.req ≤ 1.req ≤ 1.03  s  253  (1324/1570)/1.25)  = redistribution ratio = 1.prov /As.req/As.2  1.50 = 4824/4158 = 1. 2 = 0.0 (beff/bw = 1.16  Allowable l/d = 20.50  Allowable l/d = 20.5 + 4.2  1.3 and g = 1.15)  (8.5 Actual l/d = 36.5  OK Actual l/d = 5900/240 = 24.0 Actual l/d = 5900/240 = 24. fck = 30) K = 1.3  1.prov) = (500/500)(4824/4158) = 1.13 4.0 Allowable l/d = 26.03  s  327  (1324/1570)/1.5  OK Use H16@100B1 (2093 mm2/m)  = redistribution ratio = 1.prov) 1/ where sn  283 MPa (from Concise Figure 15.1.0 (no brittle partitions) F3 = As.24 = 39.08 = 250  F3 = 310/250 = 1.26 F3 = 310/s ≤ 1.2  1.4.0) /16.3.2  1.50 = 2010/ 1340 = 1.where sn = (500/1.4.5 no good Try H16 @100 (2010 mm2/m) and F3 = As.prov) (SLS loads/ULS loads) (1/).3  1.0) F1 = 1.25)  = redistribution ratio = 1.13 3.3 for Gk/Qk = 2.6 Spans 1–2 and 2–3: Column strip and middle strip: H20 @ 200 B Figure 3.24 Allowable l/d = 26.req/As.7b) Allowable l/d = N  K  F1  F2  F3 Allowable l/d = N  K  F1  F2  F3 where where N = 26.req/As.03 = 207  F3 = 310/207 = 1.5  OK Use H20 @ 200 B1 (1570) s = sn (As. However in this case separate analysis at SLS would be required to determine s.50  Allowable l/d = 20. Therefore as a simplification use the conservative assumption: 310/s = (500/fyk) (As.16 = 28.4.0) /16.50 = 36.05 = 33.2  1.50 ≤ 1.08  s  283  (959/1005)/1.5  OK Use H16 @ 200 B2 (1005 mm2/m) Use H16 @ 200 B2 (1005 mm2/m) 3.prov /As.2. 2 = 0.2  1.req/As.doc 13 Page 5 of .6.15)  (8.40%.2 Actual l/d = 9500/260 = 36.3  1.2  1.req ≤ 1.2 (flat slab) F1 = 1. fck = 30) N = 26.3  4.0 (beff/bw = 1.Jan 2012.50 = 36.prov /As.0) F2 = 1.0 (no brittle partitions) F2 = 1. g = 1.5 Actual l/d = 9500/260 = 36.50 where s = sn (As.6 = 327 MPa  F3 = 310/267 = 1.prov) 1/ where sn = (500/1.req/As.16 90 92 112 (As.2 ( = 0.6 = 254 MPa (or  253 MPa (From Concise Figure 15.40%.prov) 1/ s = sn (As.16 s in simple situations = (fyk/S) Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 .03 = 267 78 3.50 F3 = 310/s = 1005/ 959 = 1.2 ( = 0.

TCC 2006 2.3.654 = say 1.8 + 1.3.30.123 4. BSI 2005 1.prov /As.1 BSI 2009 5 R S NARAYANAN & C H GOODCHILD.81.37  Permissible l/d = 44.16a) or Expression (7.16b) is restricted to 1.23 Figure 5.95  1.Jan 2012. TCC 2006 As Amended 3 Both As.16b) is restricted to 1.945) = 434.5 by Note 5 to Table NA.99  0.5 =60) [Table NA.900.req ≤ 1.5b) F3 = As.5 = 310/219 = 1.Part 11.81.5 where s=(fyk/S)(As.8  0.prov)(SLS loads/ULS loads)(1/) =434. Incorporating Amendment No.prov)(SLS loads/ULS loads)(1/) =434.95  1. CCIP-005.8 + 1.50 = 310/219  13/12 = 1.81.8+0.8  no good Actual l/d = 7500/252 = 29. 4 Both As.41 = 27.01 124 F3 = 310/s ≤ 1.req ≤ 1.8)]  (1/0.88  0.7  Permissible l/d = 17.prov /As.10 5.req and any adjustment to N obtained from Expression (7.doc 13 Page 6 of .50 = 3828/3783= 1.8(5835/5892) [(47.37  0.6 Figure 4.951.3.5 Note 6] Actual l/d = 7500/252 = 29.900.8 References References Figures 4.8 (3783/3828)[(47. Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 .7  1.41  Permissible l/d = 17.3. H25 B (6383 mm2) F3 = As.01 = 56.3.6 300 mm flat slabs All columns 400 mm sq Changes req’d See F below 300 mm flat slabs All columns 500 mm sq 183 1a National Annex to Eurocode 2. The Concrete Centre.5 in the UK NA.30.50 = 29.3 45.16a) or Expression (7.3  0.50  Permissible l/d = 17.1 = 44.48  1.22 and 4. Concise Eurocode The Concrete Centre.8)/(1.25  47. H25 B (3928 mm2 133 146 153 183 4. H25 B (6383 mm 2) Use 13 no.95  1.5b) F3 = 310/s ≤ 1.prov /As.5  45.533 = say 1.99  0.prov/As.5  45.50 F3 = 310/s = 9648 /5835 = 1.prov/As.3  0.req and any adjustment to N obtained from Expression (7.3.01 where s=(fyk/S)(As.95  Permissible l/d  1.50  0.1a National Annex to Eurocode 2. H25 B (3928 mm2) (which is < 40K = 40 x 1. H32 B (9648 mm2) Try 13 no.5 by Note 5 to Table NA.900. 5 R S NARAYANAN & C H GOODCHILD.6 Actual l/d = 7500/252 = 29.8)]  (1/0.50 = 5892 / 5835 = 1.10 = 227 MPa F3 = 310/s = 310/227 = 1.50 = 29.5 F3 = As.req/As.06 = 219 MPa 4.8)/(1.3 45.8  OK Use 8 no.48  1.req ≤ 1. H25 B (6383 mm ) 124 127 4.8 Actual leff/d = 7400/252 = 29.8  OK Use 8 no.81.3 5.0 Actual l/d = 7500/252 = 29. CCIP-005.908) = 434.8 Say OK Say OK 2 Use 13 no.7d) F3 = 310/s ≤ 1.req/As.25  47.Part 1.01 = 20.37 = 70.8  0.951.7 Actual leff/d = 7400/252 = 29.5 in the UK NA.88  0.8+0.8  no good Try 12 no.7  1.900.9 Permissible l/d = 17.20 See E below 4. Concise Eurocode 2.

req) In either case the modification factor is restricted to a maximum of 1.prov /As. s or  (500/fyk)(As.req. and using characteristic load combinations to determine s produces values of 310/s = 1.5 C7 C8 See H below See J below See K below See L below See M below Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 .1 Delete existing text.50.Jan 2012. The use of F3 = As.prov /As.00 +3% .4 B1.190 B1. In the UK fyk = 500 MPa. See G below 2010 New text: According to Note 5 of Table NA.doc 13 Page 7 of .5 is therefore advocated in checking deformation using the l/d method.2 B1.req ≤ 1.prov /As. 190 191 191 201 204 B1. Assuming s is proportional to u.5 the NA [1a] to BS EN 1992-1-1 the modification factor for service stress used with the l/d method of checking the SLS state of deformation (designated factor F3 in TCC publications) may be determined as either  310/s using characteristic load combinations to determine the service stress.6%. and so is not as attractive to using As.

Jan 2012.A Amends to p 51 Figure 3.7 300 250 150 125 300 250 B Amends to p 65 Figure 3.15 2H20/rib 1H25 + 1H20/rib x3 C Amends to p 70 Figure 3.17 2H20/rib 1H25 + 1H20/rib x2 Note curtailed bat Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 .doc 13 Page 8 of .

26 H20@200 H16@100 E Amends to p 124 Figure 4.doc 13 Page 9 of .Jan 2012.20 25 bar 32 bar 20 bar 20/25 bar Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 .D Amends to p 92 Figure 3.

5 is therefore advocated in checking deformation using the l/d method by hand.F Amends to p133 Figures 4.00 +/.req) 310/s using characteristic load combinations to determine the service stress.req ≤ 1.prov /As. In the UK fyk = 500 MPa. s In either case the modification factor is restricted to a maximum of 1.req. The use of F3 = As.5% and so for hand calculations is not as attractive as using As.doc of 13 Page 10 .50. Assuming s is simply proportional to the ultimate stress.23 13H25 12H32 x2 T25 in section x2 G Amends to p190 B1. Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 .22 and 4.1 NewText According to Note 5 of Table NA. produces values of 310/s = 1.prov /As.Jan 2012.prov /As. u.5 the NA to BS EN 1992-1-1[1a] the modification factor for service stress used with the l/d method of checking the SLS state of deformation (designated factor F3 in TCC publications) may be determined as either  or  (500/fyk)(As.

4) New para In the light of the above disparity and pending clarification. [1] 310/s NewText [1a] an accurate J Amends to p191 B1.1 above.2 combination values of actions combination values of actions taking account of SLS moments.req. compression reinforcement.H Amends to p190 B1. Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 .doc of 13 Page 11 .prov /As.Jan 2012. the UK NA was revised and published in December 2009 as detailed in B1. etc.4 were Add new text using the quasi permanent values of actions (see B. As.

Assuming s due to quasi permanent actions is proportional to u. the method as outlined in C8 may be used to determine s in verifications of crack widths.prov /As. etc. Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 .doc of 13 Page 12 .4 New paras Prior to the publication of the revised UK NA[1a] it was allowable to calculate the moderation factor using in l/d verifications of deformation(F3) by using quasi permanent loads.K Amends to p191 B1.req) In either case the modification factor is restricted to a maximum of 1. L Amends to p201 C7 New text: either  310/s using characteristic load combinations to determine the service stress.50. s or  (500/fyk)(As.Jan 2012.

doc of 13 Page 13 .Jan 2012.M Amends to p204 C8 below New text ex p 201: chg 25 Feb 2010 Amends to Worked Examples to Eurocode 2 .

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