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Air stripping is primarily used for removing volatile organic chemicals (VOCs), oxidizing contaminants such as iron and manganese, improving taste, or removing odor.
1.0 Applicable Contaminants
Air stripping is an EPA BAT for some organic chemicals (VOCs) including benzene, toluene, xylene, tri/tetrachloroethylene, trihalomethanes, vinyl chloride and many others.
2.0 Description of Technology
Technology Description Air stripping is the process of transfering a contaminant from the liquid phase to the gas phase. In the air stripping process, air and water are contacted in a packed column designed to maximize the contact surface area between the water and air. Air stripping performance depends on factors such as: • • • • • • Characteristics of the volatile material (partial pressure, Henry’s constant, gas-transfer resistance, etc.)  Water and ambient air temperature Turbulence in gaseous and liquid phases Area-to-volume ratio Exposure time Use of a bioreactor on the air waste stream 
Appropriate design of the packed column is necessary to ensure the desired level of contamiant removal based on the process operating temperature and the Henry’s Constant of the target contaminant. Scaling can occur when calcium exceeds 40 mg/L, iron exceeds 0.3 mg/L, magnesium exceeds 10 mg/L, manganese exceeds 0.05 mg/L. Biological fouling may also occur depending on the feed water quality . The following is a list of the different types of air stripping technologies: Waterfall Aeration: spray aerators, multiple-tray aerators, cascade aerators, cone aerators, packed columns Pressure Aerators: water into pressurized air, compressed air into a pressurized pipeline Diffusion Type Aerators: diffuser aerators, draft-tube aerators, in-well aeration Mechanical Aeration: surface aerators, submerged aerators . Spray aerators dissipate water in a vertical or inclined angle breaking the water into small drops. Multiple-tray aerators use uniquely designed trays in order to increase the surface area for
Edward E. 2. Cascade and cone aerators allow water to flow in a downward direction over a series of baffles or pans . one that sprays water on top of a tank that is constantly supplied with compressed air. Water Treatment Plant Design. 2005. Baruth. Engineering and Design: Air Stripping. US Army Corps of Engineers. Mechanical aerators use a motor driven impeller to achieve air mixing. New York: McGraw-Hill Handbooks. American Water Works Association. Ed. high percentage of removal (99% and above) . Hazards associated with compressed air 5.aeration. it is also used in combination with an air injection device . Diffusion type aerators are similar to pressure aerators but are designed to allow air bubbles to diffuse upward through the tank of water in order to help produce turbulence and mixing .0 Example Treatment Train Air Stripping Well Feed Tank Air In Treatment Process 4. VOC inhalation is possible if not treated properly.0 References 1. Limitations Proper air flow is necessary to provide the proper air and water balance to prevent flooding or excess air flow . able to be a low profile addition to a treatment process. There are two main types of pressure aerators. Design Guide No.0 Safety and Health Concerns • • Off-gas treatment may be necessary using activated carbon or thermal oxidation. Benefits Proven and experienced technology. 2001. Occasionally. and one that injects compressed air directly into a pressurized pipeline adding fine air bubbles into the flowing water . and American Society of Civil Engineers. Fourth ed. Air Stripping 2 . scaling and biological fouling may impact the performance of the air stripper 3. 1110-1-3.
Contact Information This Fact Sheet was produced by the TSC’s Water Treatment Engineering Team.html Revision Date: 09/20/10 Air Stripping 3 . and D. Speitel. "Biofilm Reactors for Treatment of Gas Streams Containing Chlorinated Solvents.usbr.gov Phone: (303) 445-2254 Web: http://www. McLay (1993). G. E.3." Journal of Environmental Engineering 119(4): 658678. S.gov/pmts/water/publications/primer. Please address any questions or comments to: Contact: Bob Jurenka Email: wtprimer@usbr.