TUTORIAL 3.

2 LIQUID PRESSURE

1. An air bubble is at a depth of 5 m below the surface of a lake . What is the pressure of water on the bubble if the density of the water is 1 000 kg m-3? A. 5 x 10-3 Pa B. 2 x 10 2 Pa P = 1000 x 10 x 5 3 Pa C. 5 x 10 = 50 000 Pa D. 5 x 104 Pa

2. The figure shows a high tin with a length of 100 cm is filled to the full with water. If the pressure caused by the water at point P is 8000 Pa, What is the value of L? (Density of water = 1000 kg m - 3 ) A 10 cm B 20 cm C 60 cm D 80 cm 8000 = 1000 x 10 x h h = 0.8 m = 80 cm L = 100 – 80 = 20 cm

3. Which one of the following is not true? A The pressure in a liquid increases with depth B The pressure in a liquid increases with density of the water C The pressure in a liquid increases with area of contact D The pressure in a liquid increases with the gravitational acceleration

4. The figures show liquids in containers. Which column of liquid exerts the greatest pressure on the base of its container?

5. The figure shows a polystyrene block being pushed to a depth of h cm from the water surface. P is the water pressure acting on surface Q. Which graph shows the relationship between P and h when the block is pushed deeper into the water? (2005)

6. The figure shows three containers with different shapes filled with water with the same level. The pressure caused by the water at point P , Q and R are P1 , P2 and P3 respectively.

Which comparison is correct? A P1 > P2 > P3 B P1 < P2 < P3 C P1=P2 = P3

7. Equal masses of water are poured into four jars as shown. In which jar is the pressure exerted by the water on the base the greatest?

8. The figure shows three wooden blocks J,K and L are pressed into the water until the base of its reach at level P. The pressure caused by the water at base of the wooden blocks J , K and L are X1 , X2 and X3 respectively. Which comparison is correct? A X1 > X2 > X3 B X1 < X2 < X3 C X1=X2 = X3

9. The figure shows a siphon system. Which of the following is true? A Water in beaker A flows into beaker B until the volume of water in beaker A is the same as the volume of water in beaker B B Water in beaker A flows into beaker B until the level of water in beaker A is the same as the level of water in beaker B C Water in beaker A flows into beaker B until beaker B is full D Water in beaker A flows into beaker B until beaker B is empty

10. Diagram below shows the process of supplying water from a water tank on a hill to a water tank X on a tall building. Calculate the pressure of the water at X. [Density of water = 1000 kgm-3] (2006) A. 1.4 x 105 N m-2 B. 1.6 x 105 N m-2 C. 2.6 x 105 N m-2 D. 3.0 x 105 N m-2

11. Diagram below shows a fish in the sea. What is the pressure exerted by the water on the fish? (2007) [water density = 1 000 kgm-3] A. 6 x 10-3 Pa B. 6 x 101 Pa C. 6 x 103 Pa D. 6 x 104 Pa

13. The wall of a dam is much thicker at the bottom than at the top because A pressure of water at the upper level is higher than pressure of water at the deeper level B pressure of water at the upper level is lower than pressure of water at the deeper level C pressure of water at the upper level is the same as than pressure of water at the deeper level

14. Diagram 7 shows two identical containers containing liquid P and liquid Q. When the height of liquid P is 15 cm and the height of liquid Q is 20 cm, water spurt is the same. The density of liquid P is 2.0 g cm-3. What is the density of liquid Q? (2008) A. 0.67 g cm-3 B. 1.30 g cm-3 C. 1.50 g cm-3 D. 2.70 g cm-3 15 x 10 x 2 = 20 x 10 x Q

15.Diagram 10 shows the water piping system of a house. What is the water pressure in the tap? Density of water = 1 000 kg m-3 and atmospheric pressure = 1.0 x 105 Pa. (2008) A. 8.0 x 103 Pa B. 5.8 x 104 Pa C. 1.08 x 105 Pa D. 1.58 x 105 Pa

16. Diagram 8 shows two divers in a lake and a diver in a sea. The pressure of water at T, S and U is PT , PS and PU respectively. Which of the following comparisons is correct about the pressure exerted on the divers? A. Pu > PT > PS B. Pu < PT < PS C. Pu = PT > PS D. Pu = PT < PS

17. Diagram 9 shows water spurting out from a container at different depths. Which graph shows the correct relationship between the pressure exerted by the water, p and the depth of the water, h?

1. Question 2: Kelantan 10
Diagram 2.1 shows two different containers filled with water. The water pressure at point P and point Q are the same.

(a) What is the meaning of pressure? [1 mark] Pressure is force per unit area .........................................................

1. Question 2: Kelantan 10
(b) State one factor that affect the water pressure at point P and Q. [1 mark] Depth of water ..........................................................

(c) Calculate the water pressure at point P. [Density of water = 1000 kgm-3] [2 marks] P = 1000 x 10 x 0.12 = 12000 Pa

1. Question 2: Kelantan 10
(d) Diagram 2.2 shows the water spurt when a hole is made near the base of container B.

Diagram 2.2 Diagram 2.3 Diagram 2.3 shows the water in container B is replaced by liquid X which has higher density than water. Sketch the spurt of liquid X in Diagram 2.3. [1 mark]

Spm 2007

Force Area

P = 1000 X 10 X 3 = 30 000 Pa

Spm 2007

1- Pressure at Q is higher // PQ > PP 2- Depth at Q is higher

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