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1990-


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23440

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3300

3.1

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17960

280

1550

2.92

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17960

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1550

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11960

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890

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5950

400

1000

1.4

350

11960

650

1400

2.9

400

5960

300

400

0.72

250

11960

300

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1.82

250

6260

1190

180

0.79

200

5860

1190

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0.714

200

6260

790

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0.49

200

5860

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0.46

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63.12

59.12

63.08

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2400

1600

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0.987

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600

580

0.815

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1200/ 3 -
40.50 0 / 90100 0
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60..80%

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20.40% .
1.6.1
1.

lk = nl+(n+1)l1= 4*6+(4+1)*0.5= 26.5


n
l ,
l1 ,l1 = 0.4 ... 0.5

b = n1*b +(n1+1)*b1= 4*1.2+(4+1)*0.4= 6.8


n1-
b ,
b1- ,b1 = 0.35 ... 0.4
()

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h = n2*(h+h1 )+ h2+ h3= 9*(0.1+0.2)+0.15+0.05 = 2.9
n2
h ,
h1 h1 0.2
h2 , h2 0.15
h3 h1 0.05
2.
n = G T/n = 8.5* 23.2 /1200 =3
G - ,
n ( ) ,
T- ,
T=t1+t2+t3 =4.6+14+4.6= 23.2
t1- , ; t1= t*n=0.23*1200/60=4.6(t
) ; n- ( ) ,
t2- ,
t3- ,

= V/V = 83.5/196.554=0.42

= V/V = 43.2/196.554= 0.2
..................................................... L=26.5
B=6.8
H= 3.3
....................................h= 2.2
..............................................

..................................................= 1.2
/**
................................=2350 /3
.............=0.2
/*
.......................................................................,

...................................G.=1700

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.............................G= 500
.........................=0.2 /*
........................... G= 21000
........................................= 0.125
/*
............................... G= 36000
..............................= 14
....................... =2.5
..=9
..=2.5
............................................................ t=15 0

Q. = G (b-m) = 21000 * 0.125*(35-2.44)2.5*0.33= 70512.75

Q.= G (t. t0)= 36000*0.115*(85-15)= 289800

Q.=(0.115 G.+0.6 G )(t. - t)=(0.115*1700+0.6*0.6*500)(85-15)=26285


=5
Q.=0.85(t -t-35)

ccc c (2LH+ 2BH+ LB)=0.85*(85-15-

35)*53*(2*12.3*3.4+2*4.7*3.4+12.3*4.7)= 180332.9

1=4.6 /2 **4
t1 = t =50 t2 = t =15
= 4 t1 t2 +

T
T
C1
[( 1 )4( 2 )4]=12.5 / 2 **
t1 t 2 100 100


S=2L(H-2)+2B(H-2)=2*12.3*(3.4-2)+2*4.7*(3.4-2)=47.6 2

Q.= (BL+ S)(t -t) =12.5*(4.7*12.3+47.6)*(50-15)*2.5=115292

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Q=

pod

( Q. +Q. +Q. +Q. +Q.)=

1 0.15
( 180332.9+ 289800 +
2.5

26285 + 17306.2 +115292)= 629016.1 /


L=540
/
G .=

Qmax 629016.1
=
= 1164.8/
540
lp

t=tc-(t 0- t 0) A=90-(85-30)0.4=68
t=tc-(t 0- t 0) A=90-(85-30)0=90

t=

t p 2tts
3

t.=

t =

= (90+2*68)/3= 75.3

t p 2tts
3

= (85+2*30)/3= 48.3

t sr. pod t sr.iz


2

=(48.3+75.3)/2= 62


Q= t = 62*9=558 *

Q=58.2
Q= Q+ Q=58.2+558 =616 *
Q=45 / 1 3
Q+= GQ=254.5*45= 11452.5
m =

Qiz pod Qpod


cb b iz

= (11452.5-4800)/0.125*700*9=8.4 /

(tc t )miz
x
=0 =
= 64*5/20*55=0.4
(b m)(t 0p tts0 )
R

(tc t )miz
x
=1 =
= 13.2*5/20*55=0.1
(b m)(t 0p tts0 )
R
9
t(0.9) = tc-( A + ) (t 0- t 0) = 90-(0.4-0.4) (85-30) =90
t(0.9) = tc-( A - ) (t 0- t 0) = 90-(0-0.1) (85-30) =95.5

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t.=

t ( R.9) 2t (0.9)
= (95.5+2*90)/3=91.8
3


Q.=G(t.-t.-m )= 21000*0.125 (91.8-48.3-5*9)=27562.5
Q.= G(t.-t.)=36000*0.115(95.5-85)= 43470
t- t
Q.=(0.115 G.+0.6 G )(t- t)=(0.115*1700+0.6*0.6*500)(90-70)=7510


Q.=Q Q.=0.85(t t-35)

ccc c (2LH+ 2BH+ LB)- Q.=0.85*40*

88.85*(2*12.3*3.4+2*4.7*3.4+12.3*4.7) -180332.9=165167.4

Q.= (BL+ S)(t -t) =12.5(4.7*12.3+47.6)*(50-15)*9=415051.9

=0.15
Q =(1+)( Q. + Q.+Q. + Q +Q. + Q.+Q. + Q.+Q.
+Q.)=(1+0.15)(70512.75+27562.5+89800+43470+180332.9+165167.4+41
5051.9+115292+26285+7510)=1312132.1
14
Q =

Qo

=1312132.1/14 = 93723.7 /

Q . =

Qsr
=93723.7/540 = 173.6 */
Ip

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117362.5
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345500.3
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1312132.1
100
1.7

-302

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1200

800

17

(1)

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18

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-MNS 976-99

-MNS 392-99

-MNS 346-98

-MNS-960-85

: MNS 346-98-
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20
R=185

-45%

3%

1%

F=100-200

MNS392-99- .
-

=2.4-3,5

0,63 ()-

37-70%

5-10 - -

5%-

3%-

0,5% -

5%-

40%

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mv = 1500-1550 /3

mv >1550



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: MNS 976-99-
.
0,08 15%-

45

12

R //2/

400

1,5%-3,5 %

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4860 2

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9.8,14.5,16.4 S=4680
2 .

18,24,18- 20 10 -
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42004000
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250003
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H1 9 (hcb hr ) a2 9 (1 0.15) 0.15 8

( ) .
H 2 hcr hcb hr a2 2.4 1 0.15 0.15 4.05

a2 0.15

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H H1 H 2 8 4.05 12.05
0.8 ,

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H Tol H H f 12.05 0.8 12.85

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h2 600 .

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h1 2 hbr 2 750 0 1500

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3.3
3.3.1
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: 3.1

3x6

H/2

f 1

f 1

H/2

2500

1.1

2500

2750

50

1.3

50

65

600

1.3

600

741

360

1.3

360

468

90

1.3

90

117


/ 4 /

t 150 /


/ f 18 /3

t 20

/

/ 3

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3600

4141

n 0.95

24 5.6 54.88

18 4.1 40.2

5.85

.57.4

-
18

F 4.141 6 40,2 0.5 1.1 0.95 233,4


2

1
1

F 4.141 6 18 24 54.88 40.2 1.1 0.95 521.7 52.2 573.9


2
2

.
6.9 -
.

F ( g1 h1 g 2 h2 ) B f n (2.5 5.4 0.4 2.4) 6 1.1 0.95 90.6

g1 2.5 H/2

g 2 0.4 H/2

1.2 4.2 5.4


F (2.5 1.8 0.4 5.4) 6 1.1 0.95 41.7

.
F (Gn G p B) f n (57.4 1.5 6) 1.1 0.95 69.3

: G p 1.5 / -1
.

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F 0.5 0.6 4,1 25 1.1 0.95 32,1

F 0.5 0.8 25 1.1 0.95 94.05



F 0.5 0.6 4.1 25 1.1 0.95 32.1


F 0.25 9 2 2.6 0.9 3 0.4 (1.2 2 0.25) 0.5 25 1.1 0.95 100.2
3.3.2
.

S n S 0 0.5 0.8 0.4 /2

S 0 1

0.8
12 0 - 3
v 4 /
.

k 1.2 0.1 v 1.2 0.1 4 0.8


.

F Sn B

L1
18
f n 0.4 6 1.4 0.95 28.7
2
2

F Sn B

L1 L2
18 24
f n 0.4 6
1.4 0.95 67.03
2
2
.


1- Q 100
2- Q 200
3- Q 100

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-18
I cr L1 2 18 2 0.75 16.5

-24
I cr L1 2 24 2 0.75 22.5

,

: 3.2
1 3-

2-

G k ()

21

36

B ()

630

630

k ()

440

440

GT ()

8.5

Fn,max ()

125

220

Fn,mix (Q GKP ) / 2 Fn,max


()

28

44.8

Fn,mix (Q GKP ) / 2 Fn,max (200 279.6) / 2 195 44.8

28.5 g 28.5 9.81 279.6

Fn,mix (Q GKP ) / 2 Fn,max (100 206) / 2 125 28


21 g 21 9.81 206

1 3-
Fmax Fn,max f n 125 1.1 0.95 130,6

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Fmin Fn,min f n 28 1.1 0.95 29,3

L2
Fmax Fn,max f n 195 1.1 0.95 203,8

Fmin Fn,min f n 44,8 1.1 0.95 46,8


1-

H max

QG
100 40
0.5 f n
0.5 1.1 0.95 3,66
20
20

2-
H max

QG
200 85
0.5 f n
0.5 1.1 0.95 7,3
20
20

.
- 1-

Dmax Fmax y 130.6 0.85 (1 0.267 0.917 0.083) 251.6


Dmix Fmix y 29.3 0.85 (1 0.267 0.917 0.083) 56.5
- 2-

Dmax Fmax y 203.8 0.85 (1 0.267 0.917 0.083) 392.7


Dmix Fmix y 46.8 0.85 (1 0.267 0.917 0.083) 90.2
: 0.85


Dmax (251.6 392.6) 0.85 / 0.85 644.2

: 0.85

.
1-

H H max y 3.66 0.85 2.2 6.84


2-

H H max y 7.3 0.85 2.2 13.65

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3.7
3.7.1

:

15
Ra 8.5
Rbt 0.75
Eb 20.5 10 3

( d 10 )

-III

RS RSC 365 ,

E S 2 10 5

-I

1-0
2-1 .
3.7.2

. b 50 , h2 60
h0 h a 60 4 56
,

1. I 0 2H 2 2 4.1 8.2
f
h2
60 2

17.32
A
12
12

2. i
3.

I0
720

41.5 14
i 17.32

.
.
.
1.

e0 M / N 241.19 / 1297.09 0.18

18

ea1 I 0 / 600 720 / 600 1.2

ea 2 h2 / 30 60 / 30 2

ea 3 1

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2. 0.004 -
.
J S b h0 (0.5 h a) 2 0.004 50 56 (0.5 60 4) 2 7571.2

4
3.

ES / Eb 2 105 / 20.5 103 9.75


.

6.4 Eb J
N cr
I 02

0.11

0.1 J S

0.1

6.4 2050000 900000


0.11

0
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1

9
.
75

7571
.
2

74180000
720 2

1.58 0.1 0.286

7418
P
.

P 1

N
N cr

1
1.1
771.6
1
7418


e e0 0.5 h a 18 1.1 0.5 60 4 49.8

0.008 Rb 0.85 1.1 0.008 8.5 0.7752 -

0.85
sr RS 365
sr.u -

R
1

cr
1
sc.u 1.1

0.7752
0.611 0.423
365 0.7752
1
1

400
1.1

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b 2 1.0 sr.u 400 0.423 R 0.611
.

N
771600
771600 49.8 56
N e h0

b
2 1.1 850 50
b

I
AS AS

0.83 2
I
36500 (56 4)
Rsc (h0 a )

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.
AS ASI 0.002 b h0 0.002 50 56 5.6 2

316 -III ( AS 6.03 ) .


AS ASI 2 6.03

0.0043
b h0
50 56


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I 0I 1.5 H 2 1.5 3.6 5.4

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50 2
14.43
12

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I
540

37.42 0 41.5
i 14.43
i

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3.7.3
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b 50

h1 120

hbr 25

c 95

h0 25 3 22

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N e 600.2 ,
M e 31.47 .,

Qe 1.8

II-
, III- .
.
.
1.
I 0 H1 1.5 6.3 9.45

2.
.
2
rred

c2

3 c
4 1 2 2 2
n hbr
2

0.95 2

3 0.95
4 1 2 2
2
1.5 3 0.25
2

0.067 2

rred 0.067 0.26


3.

red I 0 / rred 9.45 / 0.26 36.34 14



.
4.
e0 M / N 294.94 / 987.15 0.2987 29.87


ea1 I 0 / 600 9450 / 600 1.57
ea 2 hbr / 30 0.25 / 30 0.008 0.8

ea 3 1
.
e0 29.87 .

5.

2
2
b hbr2
50 25 2
c
95
J 2
b hbr 2
50 25 56.46 10 5 4
12
2
12

2

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6.
.

1
:

M 1
253.62
1 1
1.33
M1
763.83

M 1 M 1

M 1 31.47 600.2

0.95
253.62 .
2

M 1 294.94 1119.83

7. e. min 0.5 0.01

0.95
672 .
2

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e e. min 0.381 - .
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2

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N cr

1
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1
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N M 987.15 294.94 1.04

493.5 322.8
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N br1 816.3

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a S 0
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M ds 22.75 ., N ds 47.89 .

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AS ASI

2275000
1.95 2
36500 (36 4)

214 A-III ( AS ASI 2) .


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Q b 4 b 2 Rbt b h0 0.6 1.1 75 50 36 89100 H 89.1

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k Z - b 10 k Z 1

d 1.35 -
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k - 11 c11 - .
k 1 , 11 c11 -
k 1.1 .
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R

1 1.25
0.98 1 2.3 20 4.93 1.35 20 (4.93 1) 7.4 240
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N n Gn
A

6 e0 1088.74 6 0.23
2
1
1

258.5 /
a 2.75 2.3
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1.2 R 288
Pn. min

Pn.m

1576.38 6 0.23
2 0
1
121.7 /
6.45
2.75

Pn. max Pn. min 258.5 121.7

190.1 /2 R 240 /2
2
2


.
3.8.4

.

Rmax

N M 1 1576.38 246.9

329.5 /2
A W
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N M 1 1576.38 246.9

159.2 /2
A W
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M f M Q h 222.62 20.26 1.2 246.9 .


W b h 2 / 6 2.3 2.752 / 6 2.9 3


I-I, II-II, III-III
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M I I

( PI I 2 Pmax ) b (a a1 ) 2 (314 2 159.2) 2.3 (2.75 2.25) 2

14.8
24
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M II II

Pmax Pmin a a1
329.5 159.2 2.75 2.25

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91.76 .
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M III III

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329.5 159.2 2.75 1.75

329.5

298.5 /2
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Pmax Pmin a a1
329.5 159.2 2.75 1.25

329.5

283 /2
a
2
2.75
2

M I I
14.8 10 5
AS1

2.349 2
Rs 0.9 h0 2800 0.9 25
AS 2

M II II
53.48 10 5

3.859 2
Rs 0.9 h0 2800 0.9 55

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AS 3

M III III
203 10 5

10 2
Rs 0.9 h0 2800 0.9 80


1012 A-II ( As 11.31 2 10 2) .

3.9

,

.
3.9.1
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: 3.10

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/2

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0.15

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0.195

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p p0 f c

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g H / p0 2.74 / 0.5 5.48 f 1.4 .

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p p fs 0.5 1.4 0.7 .2

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R 240
0.685 .

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367.11 10

31.8 2
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169.86 10

14.7 2
R c 0.6 240 0.8

x I / rx 290 / 2.78 104.3


I / ry 580 / 6.95 83.4

min 104.3 , min 0.5

N b8 n
175.23 10 1

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175.25 10
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082
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220 0.8

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190 0.6

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96.5 0.6

200

103.6 0.6

180

4
19

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235.0
3
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154.8

2
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76

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44

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150

18

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4.4.1
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:
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4.4.2
: 4.4

min

1,1

ma

mi

max

-1003

1,7

25

4,5

17

5,4-44

0,23148

11347,6

-753

1,0

10

3,7

17

3,7-18

0,5787

9979,5

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0,33

20

27,4

3,5-

0,29

10800,2

31,5

1- -1003
Kl=Qg/Qmaxmax1
-
Q- ,
Qg=q1n1+q2n2+.....+qini/n1+n2+....+ni=1574,04/272=5,787
Qmax-
l=5,787/25=0,23148
i=P/N-
i i- , (3)
P - ,
N-- i-
,
i=73,69/10,505=7,0147
i=iti/i

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i - ,
i ,
ti - , 8
-
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i-=10000
i=(1,08*10000+1,6*31000)/7,0147=8610,5
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Ci-1 (3) ,
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2-

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=5,787/10=0,5787

i=73,69/10,505=7,0147
i=18000000*8/7,0147*1800=11404,62
i-=10000
i=(1,08*10000+1,6*31000)/7,0147=8610,5
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l=5,787/20=0,289
i=73,69/10,505=7,0147
i=28800000*8/7,0147*1800=18247,4
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4.4.3
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2005

2003

2002

.
2003
.
,

2004

., ., .

. 2001

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.5.2-86.
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1970

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1971

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1984

..

2002

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Hansen
Durability of high performance concrete

-- 2005