Psychic side of a hurricane

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Intertropical Convergence Zone

Definition:
Intertropical convergence zone is the zone on earth near the equator. This zone is the zone where the weather is the most unpredictable. The warmest air on earth is rising up there, which can cause large low pressure areas, which can develop into a hurricane. The rising air movement is caused by the fast amount of the condensation of the seawater.

As you can see in this picture the wind (the surface winds) is pulled to an Intertropical Convergence Zone. (Low-pressure area in the neighbourhood of the equator) For the North there are 2 different surface winds that come together. This causes heavy rainfall and tropical storms. With these winds and the warm air there are enough elements to produce a heavy hurricane. What you also see with hurricanes is that tropical waves from Africa help to develop the hurricane even more.

Zenith point:
The Intertropical Convergence zone can be over land. When this happens, the surface winds move slowly back to the sun’s zenith point. A zenith point is the place where the distance to the sun is the lowest. In our case this is the equator. As you can see in this picture, the man in the middle is the equator and if you look you can see that the spot right above him is the zenith spot. The area right above the equator is the sun’s zenith. The Intertropical convergence zone is never the same line. The line is not the equator but the line is always different. But the line is always close to the equator.

Convergence or Divergence:
As you can see here on the right, is a picture that shows how the convergence zone between the Caribbean Sea works. This is a typical example of the working of the surface winds to hurricanes. What you can see is that a hurricane (if it forms before it comes in the waters of the Caribbean Sea) can choose between 2 directions. To the north (further on the Atlantic Ocean) or to the south (in the Caribbean Sea, or even later to the Golf of Mexico). This choice is made by the surface winds, that push the hurricane into a direction. If a hurricane is above the Lesser Islands, the chances are very high that the hurricane will move further on the Atlantic Ocean, but there is a small chance (25 to 50%) that it goes to the Caribbean Sea, by moving over Cuba or Dominican Republic. But if it is right above Puerto Rico, or just below Puerto Rico, the surface winds push the hurricane into the Caribbean Sea. This theory is very useful to predict the path of a hurricane. If you know where the hurricane is when he passes the Lesser Islands, you know where the hurricane is heading for. The surface winds are the winds that push the hurricanes into a direction. Of course the hurricane moves by itself, but the surface winds are just like a wheel of a car. In the picture on the left, you can see how the surface winds move in the Oceans. This means, this is the direction where the low pressure systems are pushed.

Sources:
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Newsroom/NewImages/images.php3?img_id=4028 http://winds.jpl.nasa.gov/images/equatormap1.gif http://www.dicts.info/img/ud/zenith.png http://www.newmediastudio.org/DataDiscovery/Hurr_ED_Center/Easterly_Waves/Trade_Win ds/Trade_Winds_fig02.jpg http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Hurricanes/Images/carribean_wave.gif http://content.answers.com/main/content/img/McGrawHill/Encyclopedia/images/CE058700F G0010.gif

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