You are on page 1of 2

In re: Cunanan Resolution Cunanan, et.

al 18March1954 FACTS OF THE CASE: In the manner of the petitions for Admission to the Bar of unsuccessful candidat es of 1946 to 1953; Albino Cunanan et. al petitioners. In recent years few controversial issues have aroused so much public int erest and concern as R.A. 972 popularly known as the Bar Flunkers Act of 1953. Gene rally a candidate is deemed passed if he obtains a general ave of 75% in all sub jects w/o falling below 50% in any subject, although for the past few exams the passing grades were changed depending on the strictness of the correcting of the bar examinations (1946- 72%, 1947- 69%, 1948- 70% 1949-74%, 1950-1953 75%). Believing themselves to be fully qualified to practice law as those reco nsidered and passed by the S.C., and feeling that they have been discriminated a gainst, unsuccessful candidates who obtained averages of a few percentages lower than those admitted to the bar went to congress for, and secured in 1951 Senate Bill no. 12, but was vetoed by the president after he was given advise adverse to it. Not overriding the veto, the senate then approved senate bill no. 372 emb odying substantially the provisions of the vetoed bill. The bill then became law on June 21, 1953 Republic Act 972 has for its object, according to its author, to admit t o the Bar those candidates who suffered from insufficiency of reading materials and inadequate preparations. By and large, the law is contrary to public interes t since it qualifies 1,094 law graduates who had inadequate preparation for the practice of law profession, as evidenced by their failure in the exams. ISSUES OF THE CASE: Due to the far reaching effects that this law would have on the legal profession and the administration of justice, the S.C. would seek to know if it is CONSTIT UTIONAL. An adequate legal preparation is one of the vital requisites for the practice of the law that should be developed constantly and maintained firmly. The Judicial system from which ours has been derived, the act of admitting, susp ending, disbarring, and reinstating attorneys at law in the practice of the prof ession is concededly judicial. The Constitution, has not conferred on Congress and the S.C. equal responsibilit ies concerning the admission to the practice of law. The primary power and respo nsibility which the constitution recognizes continue to reside in this court. Its retroactivity is invalid in such a way, that what the law seeks to cure are no t the rules set in place by the S.C. but the lack of will or the defect in judgm ent of the court, and this power is not included in the power granted by the Con st. to Congress, it lies exclusively w/in the judiciary. Reasons for Unconstitutionality: 1. There was a manifest encroachment on the constitutional responsibility of the Supreme Court. 2. It is in effect a judgment revoking the resolution of the court, and only the S.C. may revise or alter them, in attempting to do so R.A. 972 violated the Con stitution. 3. That congress has exceeded its power to repeal, alter, and supplement the rul es on admission to the bar (since the rules made by congress must elevate the pr ofession, and those rules promulgated are considered the bare minimum.) 4. It is a class legislation 5. Art. 2 of R.A. 972 is not embraced in the title of the law, contrary to what the constitution enjoins, and being inseparable from the provisions of art. 1, t he entire law is void.

HELD: Under the authority of the court: 1. That the portion of art. 1 of R.A. 972 referring to the examinations of 1946 to 1952 and all of art. 2 of the said law are unconstitutional and therefore voi d and w/o force and effect. 2. The part of ART 1 that refers to the examinations subsequent to the approval of the law (1953- 1955) is valid and shall continue in force. (those petitions b y the candidates who failed the bar from 1946 to 1952 are denied, and all the ca ndidates who in the examination of 1953 obtained a GEN Ave. of 71.5% w/o getting a grade of below 50% in any subject are considered as having passed whether the y have filed petitions for admissions or not.)