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Pell City Composite Squadron 118—Alabama Wing Civil Air Patrol Squadron Commander— Maj. Jim Gosnell Deputy Commander for Cadet Programs Capt. Cindy Bennett
Inside this issue: Commander’s Corner Calendar Safety Safety, Safety Magazine and Volunteer Magazine 1 2 3 4
Vol. 3, No. 7
Wow, is it Hot! What a difference a few weeks make. We are just into our first full week of summer and already we are having record high temperatures. It could mean that we are in for a long and hot summer. Time will tell. What can we do to protect ourselves from the heat? Spend time acclimating to the higher temperatures. Do as much as we can early in the morning or late in the afternoon. If you have to work in the heat, use adequate work, rest cycles. Dress for the heat. Wear loose light clothing. Stay hydrated. This is very important. Watch yourself and others for signs of heat emergencies. Watch your pets for signs of heat emergencies. Watch the weather for afternoon Thunder Storms. We need to do an ORM for each of our outside activities. During the summer here we usually fly more. This is a great thing. The longer days allow for more opportunities to fly. There are some problems that we occasionally encounter while flying in the summer. Summer Time Haze is something that every pilot is familiar with. It looks fine from the ground, but when you get up there the air is filled with dust. The visibility is reported as good, but the dust and haze makes it difficult to see other traffic. Sometimes it is difficult to even see the horizon. VFR flying is a little more difficult during this time. Night Flight can also present potential problems. On a moon lit night, the horizon is clear and well defined. On a night with no moon, or a night with a high overcast and you can find yourself in a position to have no visual reference to maintain level flight. Basic Instruments Skills can be a Life Saver. Some say that Night VFR is a contradiction in itself. VFR on Top is also a time when some basic instrument skills can be very handy. Without instrument skills a sloping cloud deck can give the illusion that you are not level when you are. This could lead to an unusual attitude or a possible stall/spin situation. It can be difficult to maintain proper orientation without instrument skills Are you prepared? Have you spent much time flying under the hood? How long has it been since you practiced basic attitude instrument flying? If you are a current and qualified Instrument Pilot you probably have spent the time under the hood to do the approaches, holding, course intercept, and course tracking required by the regulations to remain current. If you are a VFR Pilot, or do not maintain your IFR Currency, it may have been a while since you went flying under the hood. It may have been on your last Check Ride. Basic Instrument Skills have a lot of practical use even in the world of VFR Flying. If it has been a while, take a few flights with your favorite CFI and work on Basic Attitude Instrument flying. If you are already comfortable, get a Safety Pilot and spend some time Under the Hood. It will make you a safer pilot.
Standards and Eval 6 “Honor Flight”
Cadet Corner— Summer Meeting Schedule—Staff 7
Cadet Recognition Youth Preparedness Camp
Be Safe, Jim Gosnell Commander AL-118
Calendar . . .
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu 5 Cadet Mt. P.T. at Lakeside Park 18:00 Fri Sat
2 Happy Birthday Anthony Diez 9
10 Happy Birthday, J. Daniel Smith 17
12 Cadet Mt. 13
Leadership, dress blues Happy Birthday, Michael Norwood
18 Happy Birthday, Eddie Shurbutt
19 Cadet Mt. 20 —Character
Happy Birthday Brian Scott 26 Cadet Mt. 27 - Aerospace 28
29 Happy Birthday, Tiffany Chandler
Cadet Schedule and Uniform for July 2012:
July 5 — PT, Safety Brief, Practice Drill at Lakeside Park- (Uniform—P.T.) July 12— Leadership (Dress Blues) - Airport July 19— Character Development (BDU’s) July 26 — Aerospace (BDU’s)
Safety . . .
The official start of summer was only a few days ago but, as we can all attest, summer in its most earnest, seems to be coming upon us quickly. Aside from the things we all need to do as persons to ride out a hot summer; stay hydrated, seek shade as much as possible, and be aware of the early signs of heat exhaustion and heat stroke (a serious, life-threatening condition), aircrews must be aware of a how an aircraft may be affected by high temperatures and high humidity. The most immediate effect on aircraft performance is known as density altitude. What is this? Well, there are a number of very complicated means of calculating it but one aviator simply said it is what the aircraft “feels” it is flying in. What, you say, aircraft have feelings? Well…yes, and if don’t believe it just ask Donnie Todd. When an engine is started in the dead of winter with no preheat, when it is revved too high without proper warming, or when it is forced to climb in hot air with excessive leaning, Donnie would say the airplane is actually “hurting”, and it is. This type of hurting will eventually catch up to someone, maybe not the actual person guilty of the act, but it is an insidious hurting that results in premature failure of the engine and possibly an emergency landing in a less than desirable location. Density Altitude , on the other hand, is a here and now type of situation that can and will inflict immediate consequences on those that are unaware of its effects and how to mitigate them. The concept of density altitude was first developed by aeronautical engineers to try and quantify the adverse effects of high temperatures on the performance of their aircraft. The most accurate calculation method involves a number of factors (including true static air temperature expressed in Kelvins) and is rarely used because the overwhelming factors are the ambient air temperature and the pressure altitude of your current airport. What is pressure altitude? It can be readily determined by setting the aircraft altimeter to 29.92 in the Kollsman window and reading the resulting altitude. The outside air temperature in degrees Celsius (OAT) can also be readily determined with standard aircraft instrumentation. So if you have the following formula: Density altitude in feet = pressure altitude in feet + (120 X OAT –ISA temperature). ISA is the standard temperature in Celsius for your elevation. Then you can calculate your Density Altitude and (with a quick look at the POH) know how your aircraft is going to perform when you get ready for takeoff. Let’s take an example: your airport is 7,000’ MSL and the OAT is 18 degrees C. You determine that the pressure altitude is also 7,000’. First you have to determine the standard temperature for your airport. The standard temperature at sea level is 15 degrees C (sorry guys, some things just have to be known from memory) and you also know that the standard lapse rate is 2 degrees per 1,000’ of altitude which results in a standard temperature of 1 degree C at your airport. (15 -2X7=1). Now; 18 C -1C = 17 degrees C above standard for your airport. And 17 X 120 = 2040’. So your density altitude is 2040 + 7000 = 9040 feet. If you fly only in AL, you will probably not fly from an airport any higher than 1,000, MSL but you could very well encounter density altitudes of 3,000’ or more. Even PLR will sweat through a few days of 3,000’ density altitude this summer. What are the detrimental effects of a high density altitude? - During takeoff, you will notice that you are traveling at a higher rate of ground speed and the airspeed indicator will be slowly catching up. Once you reach rotation speed on the airspeed indicator, your climb rate will be substantially less than normal. Nearly every criterion for judging the operational fitness of the aircraft will be diminished.
Why does this happen? Well, going back to how the airplane “feels” operating in less dense air explains almost all of the loss of performance. Less dense air passing over the wing results in less lift. Since the prop is just a rotating wing, it too feels the loss of air density. And last but not least, high humidity almost always comes with high summer air temps and it has a detrimental effect on the power output of the engine because, when moisture displaces air and the subsequent oxygen in it, there may be a reduction in the power output of the engine by up to 10%. What can we do as pilots? No, we don’t all have to go into hiding until the first frost comes on the leaves. Airplanes will fly quite well in hot weather, just not as well as in cooler weather. So, look at implementing a few of these handy helpers: 1) fly in the early morning or late evening if you have a heavy load to carry and can’t adjust it. 2) don’t plan on operating your aircraft at more than 90% of gross weight. 3) don’t fill the tanks at your fuel stop until you know for certain what your cabin load is going to be and what the DA is going to be. 4) when taking off, plan to have 80% of your IAS needed for takeoff at the halfway point of the runway (for a C172, you should be indicating 48 knots at the halfway point). 5) plan on making more frequent fuel stops so as to keep your gross weight lower than normal. The above method of calculating DA is not the most accurate available but it will give you a usable number to start with. Of course, if there is an AWOS at the airport, it should announce the DA. Just remember, the WX equipment is usually not on a runway or taxiway and runway temps can easily run 10 to 15 degrees C higher than over a grassy area, so be conservative with the AWOS number. Stay Safe! Ron Harlan, 118 Safety Officer
Reminder: Read the newsletter and receive a Safety Briefing Credit. Please email Ron Harlan at - firstname.lastname@example.org
“Safety Beacon” - Official Safety Newsletter of the Civil Air Patrol—July Issue
Click on the link below to see the latest copy of this newsletter: http://www.capmembers.com/safety/
Share the Joy
One of our responsibilities as Pilots is to share the joy we have of aviation with others in a safe manner. In the CAP one of the opportunities we have to do that is by giving Cadet Orientation Rides (O-Rides). These are aircraft flights that last about one hour following a syllabus that has been approved. Each Cadet is allowed five funded Powered Flights, and five funded Glider Flights. If you have not had the pleasure of giving the “First Flight” to a Cadet you are truly missing a great experience. Major Jim Gosnell
Civil Air Patrol’s “Volunteer” magazine for July-September is now available online!
If your household has more than one CAP member and you receive multiple copies of this magazine, you may choose to opt out to help save CAP money. A digital version of the magazine is available online –
Character Development and PAO’s CORNER . . .
WHERE TO FIND US ON THE INTERNET:
Civil Air Patrol www.gocivilairpatrol.com/ Cadet Services http://www.capmembers.com/ Alabama Wing of Civil Air Patrol http://www.alwg.cap.gov/ Pell City Civil Air Patrol http://www.pellcitycap.org/ Wing Emergency Services School (WESS) http://wess.alwg.us/ Photo Files on Flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/bethshurbutt/collections/72157615727997818/ On Facebook: Civil Air Patrol, AL Wing—Civil Air Patrol, Pell City Composite Squadron, SER-AL-118, Civil Air Patrol
CADET PROGRAM EMAIL GROUP:
A Yahoo Email group has been set up to make communication between members easier. Invitations were sent to all the cadet members. If you are not receiving updates and reminders from the Yahoo Group, you most likely are not a member of it yet. Please contact Beth Shurbutt at: LTooney@cableone.net and request that she add you to the group. You can also go to the Yahoo Group site and join:
Stand/Eval . . .
I hope some of you were able to catch Mike Royer’s report this week about the last Honor Flight that went to Washington with the World War II Veterans in order for them to see the World War II Memorial. My dad and I were able to participate in this special event and I attribute it to a blessing from God facilitated by some of his humble servants. I will explain in this brief synopsis of how it happened. My dad, Eugene Grimes, was an Air Radioman 2 nd Class on PBM Aircraft in the Pacific Theatre. We had talked about the Honor Flights in previous years and he didn’t seem very interested in going to Washington on one of them. Last Wednesday, June 20, he called me and said, “Well I guess I missed the last Honor Flight to Washington. It left today.” I did some checking and found out that he had the day wrong and it actually was leaving Thursday morning, June 21. I sent an email to the Coordinator, Pam Nichols who called me later that afternoon and she told me they were completely full and that it was the last one they were going to do. I thanked her and we chatted about the flight and my dad and she started asking me questions about his health. “Was he able to walk by himself?, Does he live by himself?, What meds was he on?, etc. After a few queries, she divulged that they had had a last minute cancellation; a Mr. Fancher had taken ill at the last minute and would not be able to go. My dad might be able to take his place. Mr. Fancher’s son, Myron was still going and would be my dad’s guardian for the flight. I called my dad and we agreed to rendezvous at the baggage claim at the Birmingham Airport the next morning at 5:45. I told my dad that I was about 90% sure he was going to be able to go. I was going to see if I could beg my way aboard, perhaps in the jump seat since,(1) I have an ATP License,(2) have had jump seat privileges on 3 airlines, and (3) am one of the Civil Air Patrol’s finest, (Of course!), however, knowing how things have changed since 9-11, I knew that it probably wouldn’t work. (In my airline travels around the country I have gauged that Birmingham’s Security is one of the toughest!) Bright and early the next morning, (No, wait it was not bright yet!) we met the group at the appropriate time and began the process of clearing through security. I and my dad as well as Myron Fancher, were bringing up the tail end of the check in line. When they reached the Security Checkpoint, I told them there was a possibility I might be going because there were 2 unaccounted for people who had signed up, but have not yet shown up. They headed for the Chartered aircraft not knowing if I would be able to go or not! One of the other coordinators was frantically trying to reach either of the missing passengers on the various phone numbers they had for them. I realized that they had been trying to reach them for the last hour and time was growing short. About 15 minutes before the flight was to depart, Mr. Parsons was reached and it was determined that his son had failed to pick him up in time to make the drive to the airport in rush hour traffic! I was going to be able to go! (I felt really bad for Mr. Parsons and the relationship difficulties with his son that I knew would be forthcoming since his son missed such an important event with his dad!) It turned out to be a wonderful day and one that I will always remember. A lot of the Veterans were there with their sons or other family members. The Veterans really enjoyed themselves, appreciated the effort put forth to make the event happen, were really grateful for the sentiment of the memorial and were awash with emotion as they remembered a poignant time in their life reliving the memories of their trials and those around them who didn’t make it back! I heard not one complaint even though it was a balmy 100 degrees in Washington that day and all the Veterans are pushing 87 or more years old! If you missed Mike Royer’s report, it can be viewed by going to NBC13.com and search for Honor Flight. I appreciate Mike Royer taking the time and feeling that this was news worthy enough to go along. This is his second Honor Flight. Next time you see an older gentleman with some type of World War II cap on or even just someone in their 80’s or more, take the time to ask them what they did during the War. They are a living history lesson and they won’t be around much longer. One of the stories we heard was when congress passed an act refusing to hear any more challenges to the location and other details of the Memorial. They knew that we were losing these vets at the rate ( I believe I heard recently) of 1000 a day, and every delay was causing some of those being honored to miss seeing the Memorial. In conclusion, let me say that I believe that my dad and I were meant to go on that flight. It is amazing to think of everything that had to fall in place in less than 12 hours for us to go and it came together without a hitch! Thank you Pam Nichols for all the work over the years on the Honor Flight program out of Birmingham and especially facilitating my and my dad’s trip! Thank you, Myron Fancher for allowing us to go in your dads place and being such an affable guy. We enjoyed the day more with you along! I realize that if I hadn’t gone to the airport prepared to go even though I didn’t have a seat, I would have been sorely disappointed when they came up with an extra seat, if I had not been prepared to go. Always be prepared and be positive about the possibilities!
Cadet Corner . . .
Summer Meeting Place Schedule For Cadet Squadron
July 5th Rec. Hall July 12th Rec. Hall July 19th Rec. Hall July 26th Glenn City Rec. Hall
(Directions will be sent out via the email group!)
Aug. 2nd Rec. Hall
Cadet Officers and Staff
Cadet Commander—C/Major Peter Randolph Executive Officer—C/2dLt Thomas Bracker Cadet Deputy Commander—C/1st LT Brian Scott Flights Commanders— C/SMSgt Christian Norwood (Alpha Flight) C/CMSGT Allania Howard (Bravo Flight) Flight Sergeants— C/MSgt Allison Howard (Alpha Flight) C/MSgt John Smith (Bravo Flight) Leadership Officers—C/1st LT Rachel Shurbutt, C/2dLT Thomas Bracker (Rotates) Aerospace Officer—C/2dLT Jonathan Watkins, C/2dLT Jerrod Finlay Safety Officer—C/1st Lt. Daniel Smith Emergency Services Officer—C/2nd Lt. Jerrod Finlay P.T. Officer—C/1st LT Brian Scott
"I pledge to serve faithfully in the Civil Air Patrol Cadet Program and that I will attend meetings regularly, participate actively in unit activities, obey my officers, wear my uniform properly and advance my education and training rapidly to prepare myself to be of service to my community, state and nation."
P.T. CHANGE!! ATTENTION ALL CADETS!!!
Physical Training, held on the first Thursday of each month, will be back at Lakeside Park, adjacent to the Pell City Civic Center. Please get there a few minutes early and be dressed appropriately. Remember that wearing blue jeans for P.T. is not allowed. If you have any questions, please contact the next person in your chain of command!
Cadet Activities . . . Congratulations, Peter Randolph
As Alabama state president, Peter Randolph recently attended two Regional Conferences of the Children of the American Revolution, the oldest children's organization in America. He participated in a 6 day training session and conference in Mobile, Alabama and then a 2-day regional in Tupelo, Mississippi. He will have various other responsibilities as state president in the months to come. His state project is encouraging the members to learn about the War of 1812 since this is the 200th Anniversary of the war between the United States and England.
Region Cadet Leadership School
Region Cadet Leadership School (RCLS). RCLS is a prerequisite for the Eaker Award and in accordance with the 2011 guidelines from NHQ, registration is open the cadets in the grade of C/CMSgt and up who have completed an encampment. Please submit a CAPF32 to your DCC, Squadron Commander and DCP for approval and then forward it to the Director, Lt. Col. Roger Middleton as described in the attached flyer. If you can't make encampment this year as staff, this would be a great opportunity to hone those leadership skills. Since the RCLS will take place concurrent with the SER Staff College, this also offers an opportunity for cadets and parents who are members of CAP to attend together. CAP senior members who have completed Level III of the professional development program and currently hold command or staff positions at any level within CAP, are eligible to attend. Others may attend on a space available basis and with a waiver approved by the Southeast Region Commander. For more information please contact me, see contact info below, or the Director, Lt Col Dent Young at (865) 604-8621 or e-mail to email@example.com Respectfully, Brett Lewis, Lt Col, CAP Director, Cadet Programs Alabama Wing "Semper Vigilans" Cell: (832)341-9903
Go to this link for more instructions: http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/18332385/381955904/name/SER+Cadet+Leader+School+8+-+14+July+2012.pdf
Youth Preparedness Camp . . .
For Registration Form and Release Form, click below: http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/18332385/1702460201/name/ Youth_Preparedness_Camp_Registration_and_Release_of_Liability_Form2012.pdf
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