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Country Fact Sheet

България / Bulgaria
Directorate-General Regional Policy Analysis Unit C3 July 2012
Regional Policy

europa. Minimum national value in the EU EU max. 1. EU value EU min. 1. Where available and reliable. It shows indicators at the national level. 2. Comparing the distances should provide an indication of the relative effort required to reach the target. 4. which highlight the differences between cities and rural areas. The Europe 2020 indicators are highlighted in blue. 1. and the regional level. This distance can be compared to the EU distance and the shortest and longest national distance. grouped by the three types of growth. NATIONAL INDICATORS Smart Growth Sustainable Growth Inclusive Growth Context indicators REGIONAL INDICATORS POPULATION IN SPECIFIC TERRITORIES INDICATORS BY DEGREE OF URBANISATION SOURCES AND NOTES Comments on these fact sheets are welcome at REGIO-PAPERS@ec. the target. the World Bank and other sources. Each factsheet makes it easy to compare the performance of a country with the EU average and the best and the worst performer in the Union. 1.2. Table of contents 1. absolute targets have been translated into relative targets to allow for a cross country comparison.S. The distance to target shows how far a country is removed from the target it has set itself. These fact sheets are based on data primarily from Eurostat. 5.4. the distance to the target and recent change. it shows the distribution of population by type of region and a few indicators by degree of urbanisation.Introduction The Analysis unit of DG for Regional Policy has created 27 country fact sheets to support the preparation and negotiations for the upcoming programming period (2014-2020).1. They show the current level. 3. The targets have been collected from official documents.3. Member State value EU avg. the European Environmental Agency. regional Europe 2020 indicators have been included. In addition. Maximum national value in the EU 2 . In some cases. but also from the Joint Research Centre.eu Explanation of the column headings M.

5 39.5 109. National Indicators indicator unit year(s)* M.0 4.0 69. aged 25-64 % of population.1 7.6 7.7 45.0 18.6 1.9 4.7 3.2 2.1.5 2.4 27. EU27 = 100 % of total employment % of total employment % of total employment 2010 2020 2010-2020 2000-2010 2009 2007-2008 2010 2010 2010 2010 0.0 54.9 0.2 -1.0 77.1 34.8 28.9 33.1 14. EU27 = 100 Annual average % change Rank (out of 183 economies) Number of days required to register a firm 2010 2011 2001-2011 2011 2011 19.national EU 2020 target .0 163.3 49.8 20.5 7.8 3.5 1.S.5 0.9 -2.0 83.0 95. 1.0 1.1 -2.3 68.7 19.6 26.change in rate Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) financed by Government sector Patent applications to the EPO (per inhabitant) Human Resources in Science and Technology (core) Employment in high-technology sectors Employment in knowledge-intensive services % of GDP % of GDP % of GDP Percentage point change % of GERD Index. EU min.0 1.3 1.7 59.0 236.0 81.0 47.5 15.5 0.8 34.0 86.7 45.6 1.5 274.0 64.2 -2.3 12.0 100.9 -1.0 95.Values range between 0 and 100 Index.6 1.0 70.2 5.5 1.9 -2.3 -1.1 -2.3 26. aged 30-34 2011 2011 2011 19.0 5.6 Real labour productivity growth per hour worked Index 2000 = 100 IT infrastructure Households with broadband connection Firms with broadband connection DSL coverage % of all households % of firms % of total population 2011 2011 2010 40.0 84.1 60.0 4. Smart growth R&D and innovation R&D expenditure .3 100.increase required to reach the target .0 32.0 3.0 100.3 13.0 55.0 0.0 68.0 Quality of governance Quality of Government index Rule of law Voice and Accountability Government effectiveness Control of corruption Interact with public authorities online Interact with public authorities online Online access to 20 basic e-government services Index (in standard deviations) Index (in standard deviations) Index (in standard deviations) Index (in standard deviations) Index (in standard deviations) % of individuals % of firms % of services available 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 -1.9 141.0 : : : : : 32.0 Education Population aged 25-64 with low educational attainment Population aged 25-64 with high educational attainment Population aged 30-34 with high educational attainment Bulgaria % of population.5 0.7 1.0 -0.1 -1.7 0.7 38.1 31.0 100.1.4 17.5 1.3 1. aged 25-64 % of population.0 1.7 25.9 100.4 * year(s) refer to Member State values.0 18.0 40. EU max.0 87.0 76. EU avg.0 54.0 96.0 -0.7 100.0 67.7 72.0 Competitiveness and business environment Competitiveness Index GDP per head (PPS) GDP per head growth Ease of doing business Number of days to start a business Index .0 50.9 20.4 1. Year(s) between brackets refer to EU27 3 .8 23.

7 2001.2 4.0 33.8 4.0 24.0 11.2 2. road accessibility in a highspeed scenario Passenger transport by road Freight transport by road Road fatalities .reduction required to reach the target .9 49.0 0.national EU 2020 target . EU avg.8 68.7 0.national EU 2020 target .change in rate Wind energy potential Average of solar radiation resources % change % % points % of energy consumption % of energy consumption % of energy consumption Percentage point change full load hours per year Average solar energy resources in KWh/year 2005-2009 2020 2009-2020 2010 2020 2010-2020 2006-2010 2000-2005 3.5 305.0 Environment Population connected to urban wastewater treatment Particulate matter (PM10) concentration at surface level Ozone concentration exceedances Sufficiency of sites designated under the EU habitats directive % of total population Yearly average concentration (μg/m³) Number of days with exceedance % of suficiency of proposals 2009 2009 2008 2010 45.7 12.7 11.0 22.6 3.4 1261.5 -2.2 38.9 1469.indicator .4 11.6 24.1 * year(s) refer to Member State values.S. EU max.7 96.0 24.3 7.3 33.0 7.2.6 13.0 5.0 1358. aged 18-24 . aged 18-24 % of population. 36.8 34. positive = maximum increase) Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption . rail accessibility in a highspeed scenario Passenger transport by rail Freight transport by rail Accessibility to passenger flights Bulgaria Index of length.0 593.reduction required to reach the target Density of railways (moderate and high speed) Increase in pot.0 14. Sustainable growth Climate change and energy Change in GHG emissions outside ETS .to reach target (negative = minimum reduction.5 29.0 16.1 -20.0 2.6 100.5 1. aged 18-24 Percentage point change year(s)* 2020 2011-2020 2001-2011 2011 2020 2011-2020 2001-2011 M.1 100.8 131. Year(s) between brackets refer to EU27 4 .1 94.1 3.8 8.2 457.0 8.5 1.2 627.4 12.0 -7.2 20.0 30.change in rate unit % of population.8 61.8 75. relative to area and population % increase in current pot.change in rate Early school leavers.5 1484.4 10.4 70.2 0.4 20.7 40.7 46.0 -17.0 0.6 -10. aged 30-34 Percentage point change % of population.4 20.0 60.8 -7.7 47.3 -14.1 102. relative to area and population % increase in current pot.7 26. aged 30-34 % of population.1 1053.1 17.0 15. aged 18-24 % of population.9 76.0 5.1 47.3 100.1 31.7 10.4 20.0 : 16.2 3186.4 227.0 1.national EU 2020 target .8 -2.0 3.8 11.0 16.2 100.6 0.6 0.8 89.0 13.1 -21.3 68.6 67.5 99.2 4.8 13.8 40.national EU 2020 target .7 98. accessiblity % of passenger km per mode % of tonnes km transported per mode per mio inhabitants per mio inhabitants per mio inhabitants Index of length.0 0.European 2020 target . EU min.increase required to reach the target .5 33.0 112.4 1.5 10.0 11.6 0.2 33.0 Transport Density of motorways Increase in pot. accessiblity % of passerger km per mode % of tonnes km transported per mode Daily number of passenger flights 2008 2008 2010 2010 2010 2020 2010-2020 2010 2008 2010 2010 2010 32.5 -3.5 61.0 99.8 78.0 88.0 0.increase required to reach the target .0 92.8 0.8 16.0 29.4 33.5 0.7 3.8 27.

5 156.m) % of active population Percentage point change % point difference (f .change in rate Gender gap in employment rate.2 -8.2 169.5 68.1 -2 9.9 0.1 -4.9 16.1 40.6 4.9 15.0 79.1 -1.4 114.6 41.8 21.6 5 19.1 -5.3 4.3 21.4 13.3 -8.9 -1.6 67.6 38.7 -7.3 -20 4.0 6.reduction required to reach the target . pro mille (annual average) pro mille (annual average) pro mille (annual average) % of total population % of total population % of total population 2010 2000-2010 2000-2010 2000-2010 2011 (2010) 2011 (2010) 2011 (2010) 7534.0 9.1 0.8 305.2 0.4 -2.0 12.3 9.6 -6.3 Bulgaria * year(s) refer to Member State values.7 11.2 2.0 -35.1 123.4 8.0 0.6 75.7 1. EU min.9 1.4 13.4 1.3 35.0 -8.5 17. ages 20-64 Unemployment rate Change in unemployment rate Gender gap in unemployment rate Long-term unemployment Participation in Life Long Learning Average annual % change % of population.3 6.7 2.7 35.0 13.m) % of active population % of population. aged 20-64 Percentage point change % point difference (f .000 inhabitants Deaths per 100. aged 20-64 % of population.2 -2.4 11.7 11.0 6.1 1.0 14.4 416. poverty and health At risk of poverty or exclusion .5 8.3 1.7 9.7 80.0 70.0 15.increase required to reach the target .3 20.4 9.1 8. EU avg.6 59.1 76.6 85.S.4 2.7 501626.4 64.8 4.7 11.2 32.0 77.9 76. Inclusive growth Employment Employment growth Employment rate.6 0.3 9. EU max.6 Economic policy and public finance Inflation rate Public deficit/surplus Annual average rate of change in HICPs Net lending / net borrowing as a share of GDP 2011 2011 3.0 79. aged 25-64 2001-2011 2011 2020 2011-2020 2001-2011 2011 2011 2001-2011 2011 2011 2011 1.3 Social inclusion.0 63. aged 20-64 % of population.0 -3.3 77.9 20.5 -1.4.4 238.4 4.0 17.2 6.7 -12.8 14.0 -5.1 1. Year(s) between brackets refer to EU27 5 .4 19.4 8.7 6.1 9.indicator unit year(s)* M. ages 20-64 .6 35.change in rate Living in a household with a low work intensity At risk of poverty after social transfers Severely materially deprivated persons Male life expectancy at birth Female life expectancy at birth Infant mortality Standardised cancer mortality rates Standardised heart disease mortality rates % of population % of population % of population Percentage point change % of population % of population % of population Years Years Deaths under 1 year of age per 1000 birhts Deaths per 100.8 68.3 3.6 -20 7.0 80.7 82.2 -8.0 -5. 1.6 -13.1 5.1 3. Context Demography Average total population Population growth Natural population change Net migration Population aged 0-14 years Population aged 15-64 Population aged 65+ 1000 inh.national EU 2020 target .0 -4.000 inhabitants 2010 2020 2010-2020 2006-2010 (2005-2010) 2010 2010 2010 2010 (2009) 2010 (2009) 2011 (2009) 2010 (2009) 2010 (2009) 41.5 68.8 0.9 62.national EU 2020 target .6 81757.2 4.3 23.0 21.3.8 72.

5 25.5 1. GVA (PPS) / Employment Productivity in Construction.6 18.1 38.4 82.4 10.1 Employment in Financial Intermediation (NACE % of total employment J+K) Employment in Other Services (NACE L-P) Productivity in Agriculture.9 38.8 Economic structure Employment in Agriculture (NACE A+B) Employment in Industry (NACE C+D+E) Employment in Construction (NACE F) Employment in Trade and Transport (NACE G+H+I) % of total employment % of total employment % of total employment % of total employment 2009 (2008) 2009 (2008) 2009 (2008) 2009 (2008) 2009 (2008) 2009 (2008) 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 19. EU27 = 100 Index.5 16.8 Long term bond yields 2011 5.2 24.3 9.5 7. GVA (PPS) / Employment Productivity in Financial Intermediation (NACE J-K). GVA (PPS) / Employment Productivity in Industry (NACE C+D+E).3 33.5 36. Year(s) between brackets refer to EU27 6 . EU max.4 27.2 5.1 100.6 29.0 100.2 172.0 1.0 -7.8 2. EU27 = 100 Index.5 0.2 2.4 19.7 17.3 2.4 10.3 160. EU27 = 100 Index.8 7.9 158.7 58.3 0.7 45.6 25.0 -10.9 3. EU avg.6 45.9 20. EU27 = 100 Bulgaria * year(s) refer to Member State values.1 0.5 -0.5 20.2 28.0 13.6 6.0 142.7 314.0 100. EU27 = 100 Index.6 1.8 33.8 28.indicator Public debt Balance of the current account Total investment Net foreign direct investment (inflow) Net foreign direct investment (outflow) unit Government gross debt as a share of GDP Current account deficit / surplus as a share of GDP Gross fixed capital formation as a share of GDP Direct investment in the reporting economy as a share of GDP Direct investment outside the reporting economy.4 4.0 10.6 15.4 65.9 6. 16.0 5. GVA (PPS) / Employment Productivity in Trade and Transport.6 15. as a share of GDP Gross fixed capital formation of General Government as a share of GDP in % year(s)* 2011 2011 2011 2011 2011 M.9 20.8 Public investment 2011 3.4 165. EU27 = 100 Index.0 100. GVA (PPS) / Employment % of total employment Index. GVA (PPS) / Employment Productivity in Other Services (NACE L -P).5 36.5 241.0 100.6 18.3 38.1 45.S.4 55.0 100.9 34. EU min.2 4.4 5.

7 36.0 56.1 72.2 0.0 67.2 6.7 2.0 0.2 44.5 40.2.6 7.6 37.9 8. EU27 = 100 Average annual % change Index.8 25.4 94.0 6.2 89.2 -3.4 127.9 73.6 -2.1 -1.3 2.9 15.6 23.3 72.5 27.4 27. accessiblity accessiblity per mio inhabitants 2006-2010 2009 2009 Average total population 1000 inh.9 31.3 73.7 12.5 : 45.0 67.0 109.5 -2.1 44.4 22.5 43. .3 30.1 24.5 -2.5 12.6 4.0 1.8 30. EU27 = 100 % of active population % of total employment 2000-2008 2008 2000-2008 2011 2011 2011 2010 2010 2008 2008 Average annual % change % of total number of active population Percentage point difference % increase in % increase in current pot.3 -0. better than the national average in green. Regional Indicators Road fatalities Long-term unemployment Unemployment rate Productivity in industry and services (PPS) GDP per head (PPS) GDP per head growth Increase in pot.2 4.9 3. road accessibility in a high-speed scenario Employment in knowledgeintensive services Increase in pot.5 -1.0 0.9 38.7 74.5 14.3 116.2 -1.0 BG31 BG32 BG33 BG34 BG41 BG42 Severozapaden Severen tsentralen Severoiztochen Yugoiztochen Yugozapaden Yuzhen tsentralen 7 less developed regions transition regions (only NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions are colour coded) (provisional eligibility status based on GDP data 2007-08-09) regional values worse than the national average are in red.7 32.7 100.3 24.7 38.0 118.6 5.2 2.1 3.0 90.1 69.0 35.4 8. 2009 Population connected to wastewater treatment % of total population 2009 EU27 7585 -1.1 0.3 -2.2 5.0 154.2 3.7 8.7 30.6 7. current pot.9 9.6 85.8 60.4 29.4 60.9 500335 2.7 -2.6 4.5 7.5 92.7 74.4 29.8 5.0 Bulgaria NUTS 2 regions L L L L L L 909 920 990 1119 2114 1533 -5.9 -2.3 29.4 35.8 28.3 12.3 136.3 111.5 73. rail accessibility in a high-speed scenario Life expectancy at birth Gender gap in unemployment rate Real productivity growth in industry and services Crude rate of net migration plus statistical adjustment Per 1000 inhabitants Years Index.3 70.3 79.4 87.7 5.7 3.3 75.0 91.5 36.1 50.6 109.9 100.4 11.5 11.

5 16.9 0.0 1.2 61.2 0.8 61.3 44 53 44 44 31 45 9 18 9 9 * 10 29 44 37 39 27 40 * the national target has been reached.0 4.6 1.2 1.3 0.2 4.9 7.0 62.1 0.1 9. aged 18-24 ** At-risk of poverty or social exclusion Level % of total population 2010 Distance to target % of total population 2010-2020 Level % of population. ** DG Regional Policy calculations BG31 BG32 BG33 BG34 BG41 BG42 Severozapaden Severen tsentralen Severoiztochen Yugoiztochen Yugozapaden Yuzhen tsentralen 8 less developed regions transition regions (only NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions are colour coded) (provisional eligibility status based on GDP data 2007-08-09) .6 16 17 18 20 4 17 5 6 7 9 * 6 20 24 27 21 40 19 16 12 9 15 * 17 0.1 4.4 3.1 14 3 28 8 0.8 6.Employment rate.8 14.2 0.8 14 4 33 7 2.4 1.9 71. aged 18-24 % of population. aged 20-64 Distance to target Change Regional Europe 2020 indicators 68. aged 20-64 Percentage point change 2011 2011-2020 2001-2011 2009-2011 % of population.0 1. ages 20-64 R&D expenditure Early school leavers.3 1. aged 30-34 % of population.5 6.2 1.9 6.6 63.9 12.4 1. aged 30-34 Distance to target Level Level Distance to target Distance to target Population aged 30-34 with high education attainment ** Severe material deprivation rate Level % of total population 2010 Level % of population.0 13.2 15.2 17.5 59. aged 18-24 % of GDP % of GDP 2009/11-2020 2009-2011 2009/11-2020 2009 2009-2020 % of population.0 EU27 24 42 4 7 8 35 Bulgaria NUTS 2 regions L L L L L L 58.3 0.

0 32.0 100.1 16. remote regions Predominantly rural regions.0 0.0 34.1 5.7 0.0 0.4 4.0 100.000 inh.2 100.000 .4 0.4 31.3 21.0 0.0 0.6 40.0 island regions major island < 50.0 7. EU avg.7 23.0 0. close to a city Predominantly rural.4 39.0 0.5 inh/km² other regions 0.1 0.3.1 18.0 68.0 80.6 30.0 0.8 76. remote regions 16.8 18.6 14.2 74.3 border regions no programme area programme area (including partly) internal border programmes (EU + EFTA) external border programmes both internal and external border programmes 52. major island between 100. Population in specific territories Category urban/rural including remoteness Predominantly urban regions Intermediate regions.3 15.4 16.9 49.0 0.0 0.1 34.0 0.6 99. metro regions Capital city region Second tier metro region Smaller metro region Other regions 16.000 inhabitants major island between 50.0 0.0 100.6 19.3 2.6 M.5 1.1 million inhabitants island with >= 1 million inhabitants other regions 0.000 inh.0 100.6 100.0 0.0 16.0 100.0 mountain regions > 50 % of population > 50 % of surface > 50 % of population and 50 % of surface Other regions 0.9 0.000 and 250.1 7.1 41. EU min.0 100.0 100.2 4.S.0 0.0 0.7 4.2 0.0 16.4 50.9 47.1 0.0 81.7 0.2 1.6 69.5 11.0 29.6 22.0 Bulgaria * year(s) refer to Member State values.0 0.3 0.1 100.0 0.2 39.0 13.3 60.0 sparsely populated regions less than 12.6 95.1 0.0 0.000 and 100.3 44.0 0.7 47.0 0.0 0. Year(s) between brackets refer to EU27 9 .4 100.5 0.0 100. EU max.6 0.0 100.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 19. island with 250.1 6.6 18. close to a city Intermediate.

1 23.7 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR 8.0 EU27 Total population by degree of urbanisation .1 10.9 22.0 53.2 1.7 40.1 8.6 11.7 10.3 20.0 15.5 47.0 23.4 16.5 9.2 23.5 14.8 9.6 42.2 45.5 45.3 2.4 0.0 7.1 19.1 35.9 18.9 8.9 6.7 2.9 13.3 23.3 24.3 14.2 20.2 14.3 7.2 14.1 2.3 25.1 26.5 0.7 8.0 10.3 17.8 42.2 5.1 18.5 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 5.9 34.1 7.6 26.1 6.0 22.1 21.2 5.5 9.8 3.0 28.5 1.4 3.8 6.9 35.2 10 8.6 14.1 35.8 3.3 22.4 0.1 0.6 3.0 57.7 44.3 16.7 10.3 40.2 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR 54.8 2.4 18.5 7.1 25.9 24.0 7.1 38.4 0.2 8.3 9.1 3.3 42.% (2011) Severely materially deprived people by degree of urbanisation .0 12.8 26.2 30.5 30.9 67.6 36.7 22.3 49.9 0.8 55.1 7.9 21.2 37.5 23.6 13.1 4.2 9.2 9.1 49.3 14.7 0.7 44.6 5.2 .6 34.0 10.7 40.7 25.8 6.7 42.2 5.0 1.2 33.0 2.0 32.0 56.6 22.7 45.5 Densely Intermediate populated 48.3 24.0 12.4 19.6 6.5 13.2 50.1 5.7 10.7 3.9 11.6 35.6 4.6 8.5 18.0 9.5 17.7 5.3 34.3 31.4.1 47.2 12.9 14.1 64.4 7.5 44.0 15.4 28.8 0.7 66.6 41.1 8.1 11.1 5.2 13.9 16.9 25.6 10.4 18.8 EU27 40.4 16.0 11.0 17.9 36.6 19.6 38.2 27.4 4.9 15.2 10.8 7.8 19.0 8.6 10.7 Densely populated 11.5 5.1 Intermediate 5.4 18.3 9.7 16.4 10.2 23.6 27.7 7.7 Thinly populated 25.0 2.0 13. Indicators by degree of urbanisation Difficult Access to compulsory school by degree of urbanisation .0 3.7 1.8 61.9 6.0 13.9 3.1 17.8 42.1 3.5 34.2 4.4 8.0 16.5 8.3 2.3 16.2 3.8 10.8 17.9 44.3 12.6 9.% (2010) Densely populated EU27 7.3 10.6 Thinly populated 21.9 50.3 25.4 9.1 6.8 33.2 9.1 84.4 6.7 6.3 16.2 16.4 27.4 12.4 8.0 8.5 10.7 6.4 27.8 24.2 44.6 25.% (2007) Intermediate 17.4 Thinly populated 11.6 14.9 33.9 17.6 34.5 9.0 61.6 20.7 52.

EU27 = 100 Annual average % change Rank (out of 183 economies) Number of days required to register a firm JRC. DG REGIO unit source(s) Core = people employed in a science and technology occupation AND having succesfully completed education at the third level in a S&T field of study Employment in high-technology sectors NACE rev. aged 25-64 % of population.increase required to reach the target R&D expenditure . DG REGIO World Bank World Bank Quality of governance Quality of Government index Rule of law Voice and Accountability Government effectiveness Control of corruption Index (in standard deviations) Index (in standard deviations) Index (in standard deviations) Index (in standard deviations) Index (in standard deviations) Worldbank.5. aged 30-34 % of population. Sources and notes indicator / notes R&D and innovation R&D expenditure R&D expenditure . aged 25-64 % of population. aged 30-34 Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat.national EU 2020 target R&D expenditure . DG REGIO Worldbank. DG REGIO Eurostat Eurostat. DG REGIO Eurostat Eurostat. EU27 = 100 % of total employment Eurostat European Commission EC. DG REGIO Worldbank. DG REGIO The five indicators above have been calculated based on the methodology developed in the regional quality of government study by the Quality of Government Institute in Gothenburg. DG REGIO Eurostat.2 Employment in knowledge-intensive services NACE rev. DG REGIO Worldbank. DG REGIO % of total employment Eurostat % of total employment Eurostat IT infrastructure Households with broadband connection Firms with broadband connection DSL coverage % of all households % of firms % of total population Eurostat Eurostat DG INFSO Competitiveness and business environment Competitiveness Index GDP per head (PPS) GDP per head growth Ease of doing business Number of days to start a business Index . DG REGIO Worldbank. DG REGIO Eurostat. Eurostat.2 Real labour productivity growth per hour worked Productivity in industry and services Index 2000 = 100 Eurostat. DG REGIO 11 .change in rate Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) financed by Government sector Patent applications to the EPO (per inhabitant) Human Resources in Science and Technology (core) % of GDP % of GDP % of GDP Percentage point change % of GERD Index. Interact with public authorities online Interact with public authorities online Online access to 20 basic e-government services % of individuals % of firms % of services available Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat Education Population aged 25-64 with low educational attainment Population aged 25-64 with high educational attainment Population aged 30-34 with high educational attainment Population aged 30-34 with high educational attainment national EU 2020 target % of population.Values range between 0 and 100 Index.

accessibility calculates the inverse-distance weighted population that can be reached within approximately four hours travel time. REGIO-GIS Arithmetic average of the index relative to area (motorway length / surface) and the index relative to population (motorway length / inhabitants). DG MOVE+ENER-SRD. DG MOVE. REGIO-GIS GMES Promote project. accessiblity DG REGIO.2020 limits compared to 2005 greenhouse gas emissions levels GHG emissions outside ETS . relative to area and population Eurostat. DG REGIO Eurostat. REGIO-GIS Eurostat Figures at regional. road accessibility in a high-speed scenario % increase in current pot. Passenger transport by road Freight transport by road Road fatalities % of passenger km per mode % of tonnes km transported per mode per mio inhabitants Eurostat Eurostat EC. Transport Density of motorways Index of length. aged 18-24 Early school leavers. DG REGIO Eurostat. aged 30-34 Percentage point change % of population. NSOs. DG REGIO Eurostat. DG REGIO EEA ETC-ACC. national and EU level are population weighted averages of raster-based concentration values. EuroGeographics.406/2009/EC .Population aged 30-34 with high educational attainment increase required to reach the target Population aged 30-34 with high educational attainment change in rate Early school leavers. aged 18-24 . JRC. EFGS. national and EU averages of raster data representing the yearly sum of global irradiation on optimally-inclined surfaces (KWh/m²). EFGS. aged 18-24 % of population. DG REGIO Climate change and energy Change in GHG emissions outside ETS GHG emissions outside ETS . DG REGIO Eurostat. Spiekermann & Wegener Potential (pot. The high-speed scenario assumes an ample provision of motorways.national EU 2020 target % change % European Environment Agency European Environment Agency Greenhouse gas emision limits under article 3 of Decision n. 100% indicates sufficiency of proposals for all Annex I and II terrestrial habitat types and species.national EU 2020 target Early school leavers. CARE database 12 . Increase in pot.increase required to reach the target Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption . Eurostat. aged 18-24 Percentage point change Eurostat.).reduction required to reach the target Early school leavers.to reach target (negative = minimum reduction. aged 18-24 . DG REGIO Eurostat Eurostat. Ozone concentration exceedances Number of days with exceedance Days with ground-level ozone concentration above 120 μg/m³. both indices being expressed in comparison to the EU27 average. JRC. aged 18-24 % of population. positive = maximum increase) Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption .national EU 2020 target Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption . Population-weighted aggregated values at regional/national/EU level. Sufficiency of sites designated under the EU habitats directive % of suficiency of proposals This index measures the extent to which SCI proposed by the MS cover the species and habitats listed in Annexes I and II to the habitats directive. aged 18-24 . during period 1981-1990. REGIO-GIS JRC (Photovoltaic Geographical Information System).change in rate Wind energy potential Average of solar radiation resources % points % of energy consumption % of energy consumption % of energy consumption Percentage point change full load hours per year Average solar energy resources in KWh/year European Environment Agency Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat. REGIO-GIS Average full load hours per year (onshore only) at 80 m hub height. Regional.change in rate % of population. Environment Population connected to urban wastewater treatment Particulate matter (PM10) concentration at surface level % of total population Yearly average concentration (μg/m³) Eurostat GMES Promote project.

DG REGIO Eurostat. Towards a European road safety area DG REGIO DG REGIO.m) % of active population % of population. To be updated May 2012. ages 20-64 . rail accessibility in a high-speed scenario % increase in current pot. DG REGIO Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat Demography Average total population Population growth 1000 inh.Road fatalities . ages 20-64 .national EU 2020 target Employment rate. accessible at less than 90 minutes travel time by road.). RRG Arithmetic average of the index relative to area (railway length / surface) and the index relative to population (railway length / inhabitants). Spiekermann & Wegener Potential (pot.000 inhabitants Eurostat NRP and preliminary Commission estimates.national EU 2020 target At risk of poverty or exclusion . EFGS. DG REGIO Eurostat Growth of workplace-based employment (regional and national accounts) The difference between female and male unemployment rates Long-term unemployed = unemployed for more than 1 year Social inclusion. ages 20-64 . aged 20-64 % of population.000 inhabitants Deaths per 100. ages 20-64 Employment rate. accessibility calculates the inverse-distance weighted population that can be reached within approximately four hours travel time. JRC.reduction required to reach the target Density of railways (moderate and high speed) per mio inhabitants per mio inhabitants Index of length. DG REGIO Eurostat. both indices being expressed in comparison to the EU27 average. DG REGIO Eurostat and NSOs Eurostat.m) % of active population Percentage point change % point difference (f .European 2020 target Road fatalities . aged 25-64 Eurostat Eurostat and NSOs Eurostat and NSOs Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat The difference between female and male employment rates Average annual % change % of population.change in rate Living in a household with a low work intensity At risk of poverty after social transfers Severely materially deprivated persons Male life expectancy at birth Female life expectancy at birth Infant mortality Standardised cancer mortality rates Standardised heart disease mortality rates % of population % of population % of population Percentage point change % of population % of population % of population Years Years Deaths under 1 year of age per 1000 birhts Deaths per 100. aged 20-64 Percentage point change Eurostat. The high-speed scenario assumes an ample provision of reasonably fast rail connections. poverty and health At risk of poverty or exclusion At risk of poverty or exclusion . relative to area and population COM(2010) 389.change in rate Change in the employment rate of persons aged 15-64 Gender gap in employment rate. REGIO-GIS Regional population-weighted average number of passenger flights per day.reduction required to reach the target At risk of poverty or exclusion . aged 20-64 % of population.increase required to reach the target Employment rate. pro mille (annual average) Eurostat (regional accounts) Eurostat 13 . EuroGeographics. Employment Employment growth Employment rate. Passenger transport by rail Freight transport by rail Accessibility to passenger flights % of passerger km per mode % of tonnes km transported per mode Daily number of passenger flights Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat. Increase in pot. TeleAtlas. accessiblity DG REGIO. ages 20-64 Unemployment rate Change in unemployment rate Gender gap in unemployment rate Long-term unemployment Participation in Life Long Learning % point difference (f .

GVA (PPS) / Employment Index. repair of motor vehicles. other community. health and social work. social and personal service activities. forestry and fishing Employment in Industry (NACE C+D+E) C+D+E = Total industry (excluding construction) Employment in Construction (NACE F) F = Construction Employment in Trade and Transport (NACE G+H+I) % of total employment Eurostat G+H+I = Wholesale and retail trade. EU27 = 100 Eurostat J+K = Financial intermediation. real estate. GVA (PPS) / Employment A+B = Agriculture. EU27 = 100 Eurostat Index. compulsary social security. transport. hotels and restaurants. EU27 = 100 Eurostat Index. GVA (PPS) / Employment F = Construction Productivity in Trade and Transport. GVA (PPS) / Employment C+D+E = Total industry (excluding construction) Productivity in Construction.Natural population change Net migration Population aged 0-14 years Population aged 15-64 Population aged 65+ pro mille (annual average) pro mille (annual average) % of total population % of total population % of total population Eurostat. NSOs. health and social work. storage and communication Productivity in Financial Intermediation (NACE J-K). forestry and fishing Productivity in Industry (NACE C+D+E). hunting. NSOs. EU27 = 100 Eurostat Index. private households with employed persons Productivity in Agriculture. EU27 = 100 Eurostat L to P = Public administration and defence. compulsary social security. motorcycles and personal and household goods. other community. education. education. motorcycles and personal and household goods. GVA (PPS) / Employment Productivity in Other Services (NACE L -P). Eurostat as a share of GDP Gross fixed capital formation of General Government as a share of GDP in % Eurostat Eurostat Economic structure Employment in Agriculture (NACE A+B) A+B = Agriculture. transport. social and personal service activities. real estate. private households with employed persons 14 . GVA (PPS) / Employment Index. renting and business activities L to P = Public administration and defence. storage and communication Employment in Financial Intermediation (NACE J+K) Employment in Other Services (NACE L-P) % of total employment % of total employment Eurostat Eurostat J+K = Financial intermediation. DG REGIO Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat Calculated as the difference between total population change and natural population change Economic policy and public finance Inflation rate Public deficit/surplus Public debt Balance of the current account Total investment Net foreign direct investment (inflow) Net foreign direct investment (outflow) Public investment Long term bond yields Annual average rate of change in HICPs Net lending / net borrowing as a share of GDP Government gross debt as a share of GDP Gross fixed capital formation as a share of GDP Direct investment in the reporting economy as a share of GDP Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat Eurostat Current account deficit / surplus as a share of GDP Eurostat Direct investment outside the reporting economy. hotels and restaurants. repair of motor vehicles. EU27 = 100 Eurostat % of total employment Eurostat % of total employment Eurostat % of total employment Eurostat G+H+I = Wholesale and retail trade. DG REGIO Eurostat. renting and business activities Index. hunting.

90 (transition regions) >= 90 (more developed regions) Regional GDP figures: 2007-08-09 Data available March 2012 0 80 Km © EuroGeographics Association for the adm inistrative boundaries 15 .Severen tsentralen Severoiztochen Severozapaden Yugoiztochen Yugozapaden Yuzhen tsentralen REGIOgis България\Bulgaria Eligibility simulation 2014-2020. March 2012 GDP/head (PPS). index EU27=100 < 75 (less developed regions) 75 .