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A. Design Criteria
1. HVAC system design, equipment selection and energy conservation shall meet the requirements of the 2001 Florida Building Code - Mechanical. In addition, follow the latest editions of the design and application guidelines of the Industrial Ventilation Manual, ASHRAE Handbooks, SMACNA and other accepted authorities including the manufacturers recommendations for installation and service clearances. The volume of outside air/ventilation for all areas shall be determined by using the Ventilation Rate Procedure in accordance with latest edition of ASHRAE Standard 62. If the use of the Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Procedure (7.5 CFM/Person) can achieve air quality equivalent to the Ventilation Rate Procedure (15 CFM/Person) without the need to increase the equipment capacity nor the size of the mechanical rooms, preference should be made to use it. Whichever procedure is used shall be clearly stated on the plans. For spaces of intermittent occupancy of three hours or less such as Dining/Multipurpose Rooms, 7.5 CFM/Person shall be used. Selection of the HCAC equipment and systems must include Life Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA) of the key components with minimal energy consumption of depletable energy sources. Some typical methods which should be explored include increased chiller efficiency, variable frequency drives, high efficiency and premium efficiency motors, additional insulation, equipment sizing to maintain efficiency at actual operating points and chiller heat recovery. A completed copy of the engineering heat gain calculations, LCCA and the 2001 Florida Building Code, Chapter 13, Florida Energy Efficiency Code for Building Construction (FEEC) shall be provided to the SBBC Facilities Department Design Services for review during the Design Development - Phase II. Engineering heat gain calculations shall also be performed on existing schools requiring chiller and/or AHU replacement only. An LCCA is not required for projects whose heat gain load is less than 30 Tons. Data shall be submitted in a 1 inch, hard cover, 3 ring type 8-1/2”x11” binder titled “HVAC Calculations” and shall include the project name, project number and date. Calculations shall include the full load and partial load psychrometric analysis and charts for the cooling coil sections. The HVAC engineering heat gain calculations shall be determined using the outdoor design parameters for the month of JULY and the following design parameters: a. Summer Design Parameters (1) Indoor Design = 75 Degree Fdb and 50% RH (2) Outdoor Design = 91 Degree Fdb and 78 Degree Fwb b. Winter Design Parameters (1) 1. Indoor Design = 68 Degree Fdb (2) 2. Outdoor Design = 46 Degree Fdb c. Daily Range = 15 Degree Fdb d. Atmosphere Clearness factor = 0.90 e. Lighting Heat Gain = 1.5 W/SF f. Occupant Heat Gain (1) Elementary Schools (a) 200 BTUH Sensible & 150 BTUH Latent (Children) (b) 250 BTUH Sensible & 200 BTUH Latent (Adults) (2) Middle & High Schools = 250 BTUH Sensible & 200 BTUH Latent g. Occupant Hours (1) Elementary Schools = 7:00 AM to 3:00 PM (2) Middle Schools = 8:00 AM to 4:00 PM
Mechanical Design Criteria Page 1 of 24
Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County, Florida Issue Date June 5, 2003
(3) High Schools 5.
= 7:00 AM to 3:00 PM
The Contractor shall be responsible to retain a T&B firm to balance the HVAC system to plus 10 or minus 5 percent of design values prior to Substantial Completion. Substantial completion shall not occur until 30 days after approval of certification by an independent T & B Consultant, under contract with the SBBC, who shall verify the results of the Contractor’s T & B firm. Typical operational test and balancing shall include airside balance, waterside balance, smoke detectors, operational testing of controls and fire and smoke damper testing. Installation of rooftop equipment SHALL NOT be permitted. This includes rooftop air conditioning package units, ducts, piping, conduit, etc. Exceptions will occur such as rooftop exhaust fans, air intake hoods and split system condenser units (when installation on grade is not possible) provided for such areas as the media center, data processing room, communications equipment room, communication closets, kitchen, graphic arts, kiln, chemical storage room, chemical classroom, flammable storage, fume hood, welding hood and other special ventilation systems. When the installation of rooftop equipment or piping is unavoidable, permission and a waiver shall be requested from the SBBC Facilities Department Design Services. Upon approval, a clearance of 18 inches under the equipment (if no curb is furnished) or piping shall be provided for roof maintenance. The equipment shall be anchored to sustain hurricane force winds as outlined in ASCE Standard 7-98 and details of the method of anchoring shall be provided on the mechanical drawings and detailed on the structural drawings. The rooftop exhaust fans and air intake hoods located over the Enhanced Hurricane Protection Area (EHPA) only shall be protected from missile impact damage. This protection may be provided with rectangular enclosures fabricated of heavy duty, expanded metal with standard or flattened diamond shape galvanized steel grating or heavy duty screening as manufactured by Protech for hurricane missile impact protection. One side panel and the top panel of the five sides shall be hinged to allow access to the rooftop equipment for servicing, repair and/or replacement. Other design concepts shall be entertained and require approval by the SBBC Facilities Department Design Services. For the EHPA, it is recommended that exhaust fans…required for ventilation during hurricanes…be of the inline type and installed inside the building interior in lieu of providing rooftop exhaust fans which would be exposed to hurricane damage. DO NOT install any HVAC or plumbing piping inside the block cores of exterior concrete masonry unit (CMU) walls. Install all piping in furred walls or in pipe chases. Ensure positive pressure in all areas except in kitchens, toilets, custodian rooms, chemistry classrooms containing fume hoods, organic/inorganic storage rooms, etc. by allowing a minimum of 10 percent positive pressure of the AHU supply air within the space served. Show CFM values on all supply and return air openings so that the system can be properly balanced. Building positive pressure shall not exceed 0.10 Inches of Water Gauge.
10. Noise levels due to air conditioning unit fan, ventilating equipment, ducts, grilles, diffusers and air system pressure reducing devices shall conform to the RC Noise Rating Procedure outlined in the latest edition of the ASHRAE HVAC Applications Handbook. Classrooms and all spaces, other then those listed below, shall be designed for a noise criteria range of RC-25(N) to RC-30(N). The exceptions shall be: a. Corridor, Lobbies C-40(N) b. Chiller Rooms RC-60(N) c. Storage, Toilets, Custodial RC-45(N) d. Mechanical Rooms RC-45(N) e. Gymnasium RC-45(N) f. Kitchens RC-40(N) NOTE: Internally lined double wall insulated ducts shall be provided on all supply and return air ducts for a distance of 20 feet to and from the air handling unit discharge. 11. Should the air conditioning equipment noise levels exceed those listed above, other methods of reducing the noise levels shall be entertained and require approval by the SBBC Facilities Department Design Services. Exterior installed air-cooled chillers, emergency generators, pumps, cooling towers and accessories shall be designed so that the noise levels do not exceed the Broward County Noise Ordinances,
Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County, Florida Issue Date June 5, 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 2 of 24
etc. b. ductwork sizes including CFM values. new heat gain calculations shall be performed for the zones served by the AHU’s being replaced in order to determine the capacity of the new AHU’s that will be required.the following requirements shall be adhered to by the Project Consultant in order to ensure that final construction documents are correct and brought up-to-date. sanitary system. Unless otherwise specified. exhaust fans. The entire system along with the new CFM values shall be shown on the plans.the AHU and all terminal devices serving areas other than those in the scope-of-work. 12. the Contractor shall provide a maintenance schedule describing all cleaning and repair work to be performed if required. all new HVAC equipment shall be tagged and identified in a sequential numerical format. Field verification shall be performed by the Project Consultant. the existing chiller system shall be analyzed to verify that it is operating at optimum design parameters. 13. Enclosure around air-cooled chillers or cooling towers shall be an aesthetically pleasing and sound attenuating CMU wall enclosure in lieu of using chainlink fencing. domestic water system plumbing fixtures. In addition. Florida Issue Date June 5. cooling towers. Plans shall also include the new plumbing fixture count (fixture units) being added to the existing sanitary system. 16. a minimum of three manufacturers complete with selected series types shall be provided. 15. ductwork. Special attention and consideration shall be provided when air-cooled chillers or cooling towers are to be located adjacent to residential areas. storm drain system.. etc. natural or propane gas system. 14. All air conditioning equipment installed on grade such as air-cooled chillers. electrical data and capacities shall be listed so that proper testing and balancing can be performed. increased student population. A complete set of demolition plans for areas within the scope-of-work shall be provided as part of the contract documents... The above work shall be documented on the Contractor’s letterhead stationary in a service report format and demonstrated to the Owner for final approval. This is MANDATORY! The Project Consultant shall verify all existing conditions to ensure the feasibility of construction in order that the work can be performed in a timely manner and to prevent conflicts and/or delays in the field during construction. new lighting. All existing equipment. etc. domestic water system. shall also be properly rebalanced. Otherwise. Demolition plans shall include ALL mechanical equipment such as HVAC air handling units (AHU’s). renovation and/or additions. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 3 of 24 . all new HVAC equipment shall be tagged and identified in a sequential numerical format in coordination with the existing HVAC equipment so as not to repeat AHU numbers. In new school facilities. plumbing fixtures. natural or propane gas system. a. In existing school facilities requiring remodeling. Should the existing HVAC system be extended to serve new areas.. exhaust fan numbers. A complete updated set of remodeled or renovated plans for areas within the scope-of-work shall be provided and shall include all new mechanical equipment such as HVAC AHU’s. Noise levels generated by this and other equipment shall not exceed 55 dBA at the property line. DX condenser units. In the older schools. c. Included in the tagging Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. The heat gain calculations shall be provided in order to verify that the new AHU’s are of the proper capacity. whether the equipment or systems are to remain. The existing HVAC controls shall be upgraded to satisfy the life safety code and energy conservation requirements. All existing HVAC equipment to be reused in existing school facilities requiring renovation work shall be shown on schedules on the plans by the Project Consultant. exhaust fans. ductwork.Chapter 27-7 noise recommendation of 55 dBA at the property line or be transmitted to an adjacent classroom. when selecting either HVAC. sanitary system. storm drain system. the new AHU’s selected in-kind to replace the existing ones may be undersized or oversized due to the many changes that have occurred over the years such as new roofs. Grade mounted A/C equipment such as DX condenser units may be enclosed with chainlink fencing. plumbing or other mechanical equipment. Notations such as “EXISTING TO REMAIN” is insufficient and will not be approved. etc. this value is 5 CFM/Person. shall be provided with enclosures to prevent unauthorized access. to be removed or to be reused. new computers. ductwork sizes including CFM values. The ventilation rate shall be based on the original design value. In addition. In existing school facilities requiring renovations and/or additions. When the scope-of-work calls for the replacement of AHU’s in existing facilities. but on the same HVAC system. d. etc.
Media Center. gymnasiums. there should be no need for an outside air pre-conditioning unit on any other area of new facilities when the proper engineering is performed. Kitchen. toilets. The water-cooled chillers shall be installed in parallel and be provided with primary/secondary loops. 2003 . Other than the Locker Room. where negative pressure is a code requirement. Use extreme care in areas with high ventilation rates such as auditoriums. For VAV systems. Auditorium and the Gymnasium/Locker Room. f. etc. d. The water-cooled chilled water system shall be designed with the primary chiller being a centrifugal chiller designed for 60 percent of the chilled water capacity and a screw chiller designed for 40 percent of the chilled water capacity. The system shall contain a primary and secondary chilled water pumping systems. the equipment for the new addition shall be selected to provide 100 percent of the facility’s calculated heat gain load in lieu of 120 percent. For new elementary schools with loads up to 300 Tons. The use of VAV systems with discharge temperature controls.A. etc. dual cooling towers or multiple cells. organic/inorganic storage rooms. B. b.O. The primary loop pumps shall be designed with constant volume flow for the chillers while the secondary loop pumps shall be designed for variable volume flow for the building distribution to the AHU coils. Additional cooling shall be provided on the stage when in usage for performances requiring stage lighting. etc. 5. which require continuous ventilation. Both the air-cooled and water-cooled chilled water systems shall be designed so that each zone air handling unit (AHU) not exceed a total of 20 HP connected fan motor load. Maintain all conditioned spaces with a minimum of 10 percent positive pressure relative to the outdoor by supplying more outdoor air than total exhaust. In CAV systems such as required for the kitchen. The following is a minimum requirement that shall be followed: a. Control Panel or specialty area exhaust fans such as those serving the flammable storage room. Pre-conditioning of the outside air shall be required for the Gymnasium/Locker Room where 100 percent outside air is required. etc. 4. Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. Size all AHU’s to avoid oversizing of the unit.identification shall be the area served by the HVAC equipment such as AHU-1/ Media Center. Areas to be zoned separately are the Administration Area. Extreme care shall be provided to maintain the proper humidity levels within conditioned spaces. Florida Issue Date June 5. two position chilled water valve at the end of the loop to prevent pump dead-heading. two position chilled water valves with modulating face and bypass sections. to avoid excessive space humidity. gymnasium/locker room…utilize three way. HVAC System 1. Utilize an outside air pre-conditioning unit to maintain proper space humidity and temperature conditions for the Gymnasium/Locker Room only. Outside air intake ducts shall be directly connected to the AHU and positioned so that the outside air does not bypass the chilled water coil with untreated air. e. Utilize two-way. Electrically interlock the general exhaust fans with the AHU’s serving that area and the outside air intake louver damper actuators to prevent the introduction of untreated outdoor air makeup air into the building when the chilled water system is shutdown. Music Area. Exceptions will occur such as the kitchen. i. Other Mechanical Design Criteria Page 4 of 24 2. modulating chilled water valves with a three way. Note that for additions to existing facilities. Dining/Multipurpose Room. the basis of design shall be an air-cooled screw chilled water system selected to provide 120 percent of the facility’s calculated heat gain load and provided with multiple independent refrigerant circuits and a variable air volume (VAV) system. h. all outside makeup air shall be provided by means of an inline supply fan sized to provide and maintain a constant outside air ventilation rate as required by ASHRAE Standard 62. g. c. Exception to this will be the toilet exhaust fans which will be tied into the Andover Central H. 3. The basis of design for middle and high schools shall be dual water-cooled chillers selected to provide 120 percent of the facility’s calculated heat gain load. and a VAV system. AHU-2/Multipurpose Room. Provide a building ventilation air relief system to exhaust the interior ventilation air requirements in accordance with ASHRAE Standard 62.
Energy efficiency b.5 to 1. The Gymnasium/Locker Room shall be provided with a single zone CAV AHU equipped with a pre-conditioning unit since it requires large quantities of outside air makeup. All other non-classroom diffusers to be sized for a maximum of 500 FPM neck velocity. the coils shall be provided with a factory applied sprayprocessed coating for corrosion protection. Danfoss Graham or Cutler Hammer. Toshiba. The Multipurpose/Dining Room shall be provided with a single zone CAV AHU equipped with a variable frequency drive motor because of the variable loads and the large area involved. Multipurpose/Dining Room. 11. Minimum air change rate as required to meet the proper room ventilation rates provided by an air makeup supply fan to ensure ventilation rates are satisfied. 2 position chilled water valves on the primary loop system. The corrosion protection coating shall be builtup on the fin edges with a final four-step spray coating process applied to both sides of the coil. Sound Criteria f.0 to 14. Dining/Multipurpose Room and the Gymnasium shall be based on a ventilation rate of 7. VAV boxes with electric strip heaters shall be evaluated to select the system most appropriate for the project. Classroom diffusers sized for a maximum of 250 CFM each and a maximum of 500 FPM neck velocity. Protection shall be provided for the coil tubes from fluid infiltration during the coating process by maintaining a 50 PSI blanket of nitrogen on the fluid side. the AHU shall be furnished with 2-way.0. Florida Issue Date June 5. Coating materials shall have passed a MINIMUM OF 1000 HOURS OF SALT SPRAY EXPOSURE in testing performed by an independent Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. All other areas shall be provided with VAV air handling systems using variable frequency drive motors for fan control. modulating chilled water valves on the secondary loop and 3-way. automatic isolation valves shall be provided on each of the chiller discharge chilled water piping in order to prevent blending when one of the two chillers is offline.0. When applicable. Approved variable speed drive motor manufacturers shall be ABB. In systems designed with air-cooled chillers. Variable inlet vanes are PROHIBITED. the AHU shall be furnished with a face and bypass damper section in coordination with a 3-way. 6.methods providing energy savings such as providing variable volume flow on the primary loop shall be considered to determine its feasibility. The coil corrosion protection coating shall be applied by spray application and builtup to a dry mil thickness of 2. 9.2 sandwiched between the two panels constructed of galvanize steel and contain a 4 inch flat filter section with access modules for coil maintenance. The AHU unit shall contain a sloped stainless steel drain pan with a bottom drain in lieu of a flat galvanized steel drain pan. 10. The coils shall be prepared through the manufacturer’s procedural cleaning steps allowing for drying prior to the coating process. Auditorium and the Gymnasium/Locker Room.0 dry mil thickness of acrylic polymer resin primer shall be applied by spray-coating and be fully cured prior to applying the protective finish coat. The coating material and process as applied to fin tube coils shall provide an effective corrosion protection in a pH range of 1.0 to 3. The central station air handling unit shall be double walled with 1 inch thick/3 PCF density or 2 inch thick/1-1/2 PCF density uncompressed insulation having a minimum R-value of 4. it shall be furnished with a differential pressure gauge. A constant air volume (CAV) system shall be selected for such areas as the Kitchen. g. Should a heat recovery (enthalpy) wheel be provided. Maximum zone size of 2000 CFM.5 CFM/Person in lieu of 15 CFM/Person due to the intermittent occupancy of three hours or more in these areas as stipulated in ASHRAE Standard 62. Life Cycle Cost c. Performance d. For systems designed as variable air volume systems and containing a primary/secondary CHW pumping system. 8. Comfort e. but not be limited to the following: a. In addition. The cooling coil shall be designed to contain a minimum of six rows and a maximum of 8 to 12 Fins per Inch (FPI). A 0. the HVAC system design calculations for the Auditorium. h. 7. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 5 of 24 . Rockwell VTAC. For systems designed as constant air volume systems. 2-position chilled water valve. Key evaluation criteria shall include.
The only exception being in existing school facilities already containing and using these spaces as plenums. Heat gain loads for the Communications Equipment Room and Communication Closets may be based on 1. Computer Room) shall each be provided with 7 day/24 hour air conditioning through a dedicated secondary source of air conditioning for usage during unoccupied periods such as evenings. If this is not possible. Where this is not possible. The entire coating process shall be similar to the Husky Coil Coat patented process as manufactured by Bronz-Glow Technologies. All electrical rooms shall be provided with exhaust fans controlled by a thermostat set at 85 Degree F. The use of return air plenums. people load. A MINIMUM OF THREE FEET CLEARANCE SHALL BE Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. In addition to the chilled water air conditioning provided by the primary HVAC chilled water system during the occupied periods. solar load and ventilation air requirements are present. In such cases. whether ceilings or mechanical rooms. the Media Center. The Media Center. Communication Closets and the Administrative Office Data Processing Room shall be maintained at a temperature of 75 Degree F and a relative humidity range of 30 to 50 percent at all times including unoccupied periods such as evenings. use four supply air diffusers sized for a maximum of 250 CFM maximum per diffuser. Communications Equipment Room. Florida Issue Date June 5. an effort shall be made to convert to a ducted system if it is economically feasible. Heresite (Manotowac. weekends and holidays throughout the year. Because of the light heat gain loads. 15.8 to 1. 18. 12.85 standards. classrooms are nominally 950 to 1000 SF in size and designed for thirty students plus one teacher requiring approximately 800 to 1000 CFM per classroom (0.0 CFM/SF) with an outdoor air requirement of 465 CFM based on 15 CFM/Person. (Jacksonville. the walls and doors of the mechanical room shall be sealed with moisture retardants and insulation so as to prevent air infiltration and heat intrusion. an outside air makeup inline supply fan shall be utilized to provide a constant outside air/ventilation rate of 15 CFM/Person in accordance with ASHRAE Standard 62. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 6 of 24 . motor-operated damper and a manual volume damper ducted to the air handling units. The secondary DX system’s condensing unit shall be installed at grade level whenever possible and provided with an enclosure. The use of louvered doors for chiller or mechanical rooms is PROHIBITED. FL). 20. Mechanical rooms located on the building perimeter only shall be provided with a supply air diffuser supplying a minimum of 100 CFM of conditioned air in order to prevent condensation from forming on the AHU casing. Inc. For VAV systems. locate the outside air supply duct as close as possible to the AHU inlet and direct it to the bottom portion of the cooling coil. If mechanical rooms are approved for use as return plenums by the SBBC Facilities Design Services Section in existing school facilities requiring remodeling. Communications Equipment Room. The coating shall be field-repairable and touchup product shall be available for this purpose. The DX unit shall be properly sized for the heat gain loads occurring during the unoccupied periods when no lighting load. design the outside air supply duct so that it is connected to the return air duct. Mechanical rooms shall be of sufficient size to provide the HVAC equipment manufacturer's recommended clearances for maintenance and servicing. the secondary source of air conditioning in these areas can be an independent split system DX unit.5 Watts per Square Foot. 16. weekends and holidays when the chiller is shutdown. For mechanical rooms. The exterior doors shall be solid and weather stripped to minimize air infiltration in order to prevent condensation from forming on the AHU casing and ductwork and installed on the exterior. the return air and outside air ducts shall be designed to connect directly to the AHU unit. Communication Closets and the Administrative Office Data Processing Room (AKA. The company providing the coating process shall also provide a five year coil warranty. In addition. renovations and/or additions. This will eliminate the need to provide moist.laboratory in accordance with ASTM B117. Typically. WI) or approved equals. 14. 17. laden outside air for makeup to the electrical room. Therefore in classrooms with ducted systems. In all other instances. Makeup air requirements shall be provided with conditioned air from adjacent classrooms or other similar rooms required to be exhausted in accordance with ASHRAE Standard 62. an outside air makeup opening over the door shall be provided with a door-width stormproof louver equipped with a 2-position. confer with the SBBC Facilities Department Design Services prior to design. 13. 19. Interior mechanical rooms shall not require this provision. is PROHIBITED.
The low leakage motorized outside air dampers shall be designed to remain closed during unoccupied evenings. the thermostat sensor shall be installed in the return air duct to average out the return of the various zones served by the associated AHU. 25. provide a hose bibb installed at a height of 30 inches and adjacent to the exterior door. etc. is PROHIBITED. For CAV systems. provide a motor-operated. Coordinate with the structural engineer and install the AHU’s on 6 inch concrete pads in the mechanical rooms. In mechanical rooms. install the units on a 3/8” cross-ribbed. provide a deep seal floor drain at the rear or to the side of each AHU and as close as possible to the 6 inch concrete housekeeping pad. In order to minimize the introduction of moist laden outside air into the building interior during unoccupied periods. Ascertain that each unit sits sufficiently high on the concrete pad to enable adequate space for removal/replacement of the condensate trap. Florida Issue Date June 5. the thermostat sensor shall be installed in the neck of the return air duct above the return air grille. Maintain the “KISS” principal. Provision shall also be made for a manual volume damper on the duct downstream of the motorized outside air damper to properly balance the required quantity of outside air. make it simple and easy to operate. Dehumidifiers shall be provided for the Administration Records Vault. weekends and holidays. low leakage outside air damper at each of the mechanical room outside makeup air openings arranged to open one-half hour before classes start and to close one-half hour after classes end. The hose bibb shall also be used for coil cleaning and outdoor cleaning purposes if the mechanical room is located on the building perimeter.PROVIDED ON BOTH SIDES AND FRONT AND TWO FEET CLEARANCE ON THE REAR OF THE AHU. Concrete pad shall extend a minimum of 6 inches beyond the AHU footprint on all sides unless otherwise noted and have chamfered edges. When the AHU’s are not provided with internal spring isolation on the fan assembly. 27. the ATC shall be manufactured by Andover Controls Corporation or Johnson Controls. In existing school facilities. 28. Model WED 40P as manufactured by White-Westinghouse or approved equal. Should connection to the sanitary system not be possible. Floor drains installed in front of the AHU where they can become a tripping hazard are PROHIBITED. sound rated and be of the grease lubricated ball bearing type. 2-position. 21. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 7 of 24 . 23. When the AHU’s are provided with internal spring isolation on the fan assembly. Administration Storage Room. The automatic temperature control (ATC) system for new schools shall be a Direct Digital Control (DDC) type as manufactured by Andover Controls Corporation. discharge the condensate into the site storm drain system (catch basins) via an air gap. Verify that a 2”minimum air gap is provided on the discharge of each of the condensate pipes. All other interior and exterior areas requiring a need for domestic water shall be provided with wall hydrants also installed at 30 inches above finished floor or finished grade. The use of a deep seal floor drain will eliminate the need for a primer connection. 24. resilient neoprene mounting pad between the unit and the concrete pad. 22. Kitchen Paper Storage Room and the Kitchen Dry Storage Room to dehumidify a minimum of 40 Pints/Day at 80 Degree Fdb and 50 percent RH. The hose bibb shall only be approved for mechanical rooms. Route each AHU condensate pipe to discharge into the floor drain or a safewaste that is connected to the floor drain and routed into the sanitary system. The installation of thermostats in classrooms and other areas where they are accessible to unauthorized personnel such a teachers. For VAV systems. In each mechanical room. Motors shall be high efficiency types wound for specified Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. If a sanitary system is not available. install the units on spring-type vibration isolators atop the concrete pad. provide a floor drain with a backwater valve and connect the condensate into the site storm drain system catch basins only after approval by the SBBC Facilities Design Services Department prior to design. All AHU motors with the exception of fractional HP motors shall be NEMA standard design. Pipe all condensate to discharge into a wall recessed receptor such as Model #T-200-LV as manufactured by Guy Gray and into the sanitary system. When designing the Automatic Temperature Control (ATC) System. oil-resistant. Select a dehumidifier such as Model FDHE-41A as manufactured by Comfort-Aire. No other substitutes shall be approved. 26. No other substitutes shall be approved.
During construction. Ductwork 1. When designing a VAV system. 30. minipleated filters with an atmospheric dust spot (ADS) efficiency of 60-65 percent in accordance with ASHRAE Standard 52. provision shall be made in the EHPA to shutdown the respective AHU’s and fully close the motorized outside air dampers when the emergency generator energizes the ventilation system in the EHPA only. Prior to test and balance. 2003 .60 to 0. have a minimum power factor of 85 to 100 percent load and a minimum efficiency of 91. low voltage.7 percent at 100 percent load per IEEE Test Procedure 112. the EHPA ventilation fans shall be de-energized.voltage. the specification shall include a statement that a total of four hours shall be provided for training SBBC Maintenance personnel by the VAV box manufacturer’s technical representatives. Inline exhaust fans shall be provided in lieu of rooftop exhaust fans for the EHPA in order to minimize damage to the fans. C. The training shall be comprised of classroom instruction and hands-on-training. high voltage. All roof mounted HVAC equipment (when approved) shall be designed to meet the hurricane wind load and missile impact criteria. 32. the AHU air filters may be removed and replaced as needed in order to maintain the cooling coil and system clean. A simplified Sequence of Operation geared to a non-technical individual of high school education explaining the HVAC system operation and corresponding to the actual devices used shall be installed behind a plexiglas or lexan cover adjacent to the Central H. The supply. During hurricane periods. Method B. 37. Mechanical Design Criteria Page 8 of 24 Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. expanded metal with standard or flattened diamond shape galvanized steel grating or heavy duty screening for hurricane missile impact protection. all AHU’s shall be fitted with 4 inch depth. loss of any phase (single phasing). All AHU three phase motors shall be protected against contact failure.A. 31.90 Inch WG. Florida Issue Date June 5.O. The gauges shall be marked to show clean filter and dirty filter conditions. adjustable trip delay. LED status readout and shall be as specified in the SBBC Electrical Design Criteria. Outdoor makeup air inline supply fans shall be utilized on all VAV system AHU’s to maintain constant outside air ventilation rates in accordance with ASHRAE Standard 62. 34. UL Class 2. The Contractor shall provide a metal strap with the end turned up at the bottom and ends of each AHU filter frame to facilitate sliding the filters out for easy removal and replacement. 33. the 4 inch construction air filters shall be removed and replaced with a new set of 4 inch final air 60-65% ADS efficiency filters and the ductwork opening polyethylene sheets shall be removed and discarded. Also provide a drain valve and air vent directly on each of the cooling coils. return and outside air ductwork shall be fabricated of galvanized steel in compliance with SMACNA “HVAC Duct Construction Standards Metal and Flexible”. medium efficiency. 29. all supply and return air ductwork openings shall be fitted with blanket type. The use of fiberglass duct board for duct construction or exposed fiberglass duct liner is PROHIBITED in all existing or new facilities. the rooftop exhaust fans and air intake hoods located over the EHPA only shall be provided with rectangular enclosures fabricated of heavy duty.1-92. restart delay and voltage adjustment. Control Panel and in each mechanical room. 35. A differential pressure gauge such as the Dwyer Magnehelic Series 2000AF with a Dwyer #1823 pressure switch shall be provided across the AHU filters to monitor dirty filter conditions and heat recovery (enthalpy) wheels. In addition. but shall be provided with an electrical relay in order to exercise these fans under normal operating power. Provide Y-type strainers with blowdown valves on the CHW supply line upstream of each AHU cooling coil. At the discretion of the Owner’s representative. voltage unbalance and phase reversal. The filters installed in the AHU’s shall be taped to each other to facilitate filter removal and prevent air bypass. During non-hurricane periods. The protection device shall be capable of providing automatic power system range sensing. An electrical schematic drawing of the equipment shall also be provided in a similar manner for use by repairmen during servicing of the equipment. In addition. unbalance trip indicator.40 Inches WG at 500 FPM with a recommended final resistance of 0. 36. The transparent cover shall be permanently anchored to the wall at a height of 5 feet to the bottom of the cover. disposable extended area. disposable polyethylene sheet in order to prevent construction debris from entering and accumulating inside the duct surfaces. Initial resistance of the 4 inch filters shall not exceed 0.
9. The supply air smoke detector shall be installed in the ductwork downstream of the unit discharge but before the electric resistance duct Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. fume hood exhaust (stainless steel). The use of self-adhesive type anchor pins for the fiberglass blanket insulation is PROHIBITED.2. The supply and return air ducts shall be provided with 45 degree shoetaps and volume dampers. Return air ducts located above ceilings of conditioned spaces may be left uninsulated such as in ceiling spaces used to relieve excess conditioned air from classrooms and other conditioned spaces. Supply and return air duct branches or sub-branches are to be provided with volume dampers for balancing purposes. primed and painted with two coats of paint. 11. All exposed ductwork not containing insulation shall be cleaned. The terminal devices SHALL NOT contain dampers (registers). Spliced duct is PROHIBITED. In exposed areas such as mechanical rooms. ducts with dimensions greater than 12 inches are to be fabricated with spiral lock seam construction. 12 gauge galvanize steel impale type anchor pins adhered to the duct exterior with mastic shall be provided. The exhaust and outside air ducts shall be uninsulated. 10. 12. Flexible duct shall be one-piece. two-piece round bellmouth spinin takeoffs such as manufactured by Buckley or two-piece conical takeoffs provided with volume dampers will be acceptable. 4. Where double wall insulated duct is provided in areas such as mechanical rooms. rigid fiberglass insulation board in lieu of fiberglass blanket insulation shall be used over the ductwork. Snaplock seam construction on round or oval ductwork of 12 inches or less is permissible. The supply and return air ducts shall be fully insulated as well as return air ducts located in unconditioned spaces or in mechanical rooms. Snaplock seam construction of any variety for medium pressure rectangular duct is PROHIBITED. 6. 14. 8. Thermaflex MKE or Flexmaster Type 5M. 8 F00T MAXIMUM in length and shall not be installed so that it lies on the ceiling or is kinked. 7. 13. Hard duct drops should only be used as a last option when there is no ceiling space or no ceilings at all. For medium pressure single wall and double wall round or oval ductwork. Exhaust ductwork shall be fabricated of galvanized steel except for specialty exhaust systems such as the shower/locker room exhaust (aluminum). Florida Issue Date June 5. dishwasher exhaust (stainless steel). ensure that ductwork is fabricated with spiral lock seam construction. factory installed high density fiberglass blanket insulation and a metalized reinforced vapor barrier jacket similar to Omniair Series 1200.0 and be constructed of an aluminum foil laminate inner core liner encapsulating a steel wire helix. 3. etc. Flexible duct shall have a minimum R-value of 6. Registers are subject to tweeking by unauthorized individuals which will result in unbalancing of system on the air side. Clearance from the acoustical ceiling tile to the bottom of the insulated ductwork shall be a minimum of 7 inches. Provide double wall insulated duct for use as a sound attenuation liner for the first 20 feet of supply and return air ducts off the AHU. 5. Supply and return air duct insulation in concealed areas shall be fiberglass blanket insulation of a minimum R-6 insulation value. THE USE OF ANY 90 DEGREE BRANCH SPININ TAKEOFF WILL NOT BE APPROVED. 15. For medium pressure rectangular ductwork. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 9 of 24 . Fittings are to be fabricated by the same manufacturer as the ductwork For low pressure single wall and double wall round or oval ductwork. ensure that duct is fabricated with Pittsburgh lock seam construction. Smoke detectors are required on the supply air dictwork of the AHU units. use UL 181 Class 1 commercial grade insulated flexible duct to connect the supply air diffusers and return air grilles to the supply and return air distribution duct. kitchen hood exhaust (stainless steel or black steel). Should 45 degree branch takeoffs (shoetaps) not be appropriate. Snaplock seam construction of any variety for medium pressure ductwork is PROHIBITED. organic/inorganic storage room (stainless steel). The color shall be selected by the architect. the use of external rigid fiberglass insulation board will not be required. In order to attenuate noise and for flexibility.
Sections 607. For grid type ceilings. support from the concrete deck shall be permitted. Design drawings shall include the project name and names of the Project Architectural and Engineering Consultants. In buildings not containing a supervised automatic fire sprinkler system. 20. The use of perforated type diffusers for supply air is PROHIBITED! Sidewall supply or return air grilles shall be similar to the Titus #3FL. Electrical connection shall be performed by the fire alarm specialist. 22. Ceiling return air grilles shall be aluminum hinged. Subcontractors and/or supplier. Sidewall supply or return grilles shall be similar to the Titus #3FL. A duct leakage test shall be performed on all medium pressure duct systems prior to being insulated in order to determine the integrity of the duct. To obtain sufficient air. Smoke detectors shall not be required on the supply air ducts of AHU’s having a capacity of less than 2000 CFM or in areas having a dedicated unit with a population of less than fifty people. Low pressure duct systems are not required to have a duct leakage test performed.3. respectfully. 28. For plastered ceilings such as in the kitchen. duct heaters and automatic temperature control devices shall be provided with access doors of the maximum size permitted by the duct dimensions. After installation and prior to test and balance. Contractor shop drawings for duct systems shall be provided at a minimum scale of 1/4 inch per foot on reproducible transparencies and shall indicate the Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. Mastic sealant shall be applied to all duct transverse joints and longitudinal seams. the SBBC shall certify the readings with the use of its own test and balancing firm. 23. 27. combination fire/smoke dampers. half the system should be cleaned at a time dependent on the system size. 17. smoke or combination fire/smoke damper installation.2 and 607.heater. 24. louvered or eggcrate types provided WITHOUT filters similar to the Titus #350FF1 or Titus #50FF. All fire dampers. 16. the duct system shall be cleaned by forcing high velocity air through it to remove the accumulated construction dust. Metalaire Series 5000 or Price AMD. During duct system construction. duct openings in the one hour fire rated corridor shall be provided with fire dampers.Mechanical. 25. screws provided on the duct breakaway joint used during installation are to be removed. the ceiling supply air diffusers shall be 2’x 2’ layin aluminum louvered types with round necks similar to the Titus TDC-AA. Chapter 6. respectfully. Duct openings in smoke barrier walls shall be provided with smoke dampers in accordance with the FBC . Florida Issue Date June 5. fire resistive. The Contractor shall be responsible for test and balancing of the system. provide temporary closure such as with taped polyethylene sheet on all open ductwork to prevent construction dust from entering and accumulating inside ductwork. 26. HVAC or exhaust ducts shall not be supported from joist cross and lateral bracing or from galvanized steel decking. The top panel of the S/A diffuser above the ceiling shall be fully insulated to prevent condensation with the outer edges of the insulation adhered to the ceiling grid with silver foil tape. Duct sealers such as mastic shall be water-base. Titus #272FL or Price #620. 21.3. Should the deck be constructed of concrete. After completion of the fire. smoke damper. 18. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 10 of 24 . Access doors shall be hinged with cam latches and fully gasketed to the perimeter. Mechanical room plan and elevated sections shall be provided at a minimum scale of 3/8 inch per foot. The use of perforated type diffusers for supply air is PROHIBITED. The top panel of the both the supply air diffusers and the return air grilles above the ceiling shall be fully insulated to prevent condensation. Contractors. Electrical connection shall be performed by the fire alarm specialist. Ceiling return air grilles shall be aluminum hinged.3. Titus #272FL or Price #620. Under no circumstances will the use of a petroleum-based products be permitted for duct or insulation sealant or adhesive purposes. non-toxic and compatible with mating materials. the ceiling supply air diffusers shall be surface mount aluminum louvered types similar to the Titus TDC-AA. Maximum duct leakage rate shall not exceed 2 percent of the total design CFM at 1-1/2 times the design external static pressure. Metalaire Series 5000 or Price AMD. Equipment that may be subject to damage from excessive dust or dirt shall be protected with construction filters or bypassed during cleaning. 19. Upon completion. louvered types provided without filters similar to the Titus #350FF1 or Titus #50F.
venting chiller refrigerant into the atmosphere via the same device during servicing or disposing of HVAC equipment is PROHIBITED.O. material and finish types. 5. Refrigerants from all water-cooled chillers at existing school facilities scheduled for replacement and containing CFC-11or CFC-12 shall be recovered by SBBC District Maintenance personnel. the sensor shall activate an alarm located at all Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. fabrication and erection dimensions. 11. etc. oxygen deprivation sensors and a self-contained oxygen breathing apparatus (if applicable) located outside the main entrance to the chiller room to monitor any refrigerant leak and to warn of oxygen levels below 19. Chillers 1. 9. All water-cooled chillers containing either Group A1 refrigerants such as HCFC-22 and HFC-134A or Group B1 refrigerants such as HCFC-123 shall be provided with a dedicated exhaust fan. 6. the minimum EER for air-cooled chillers shall be 9. 3.. 7. Air-cooled chillers may contain HCFC-22 refrigerant. details.5% in accordance with ASHRAE Standard 15. necessary details including complete information for making connections to air distribution devices and air handling units. etc. When the existing water-cooled or air-cooled chiller is to be replaced at an existing school facility. In compliance with Section 608 of the Clean Air Act. including but not limited to plans. but having the existing chilled water capacity maxed out. provide automatic isolation valves on the discharge CHW piping of each chiller to prevent CHW blending when one chiller is cycled off. Florida Issue Date June 5.HVAC Instrumentation and Controls. All other HVAC equipment refrigerant recovery shall be the responsibility of the Contractor in compliance with the Clean Air Act..6 and the maximum KW/Ton for water cooled chillers shall be 0. The chiller shall be “Enabled” by a single contact closure at the Central H. For elementary schools. provide dual water-cooled chillers installed in parallel and containing primary and secondary loops.architectural and structural backgrounds with room names and FISH numbers. FPL will pay a percentage rebate to the SBBC of the cost including labor and materials to install a new chiller or replace the existing chiller and its associated appurtenances. The chiller manufacturer shall provide all the recommended high and low alarm limits to be set on the EM/S System. The chiller water makeup line shall be provided with a pressure reducing backflow preventer similar to the Wilkens #975RPZ or Watts #909RP backflow preventer to prevent contamination of the domestic water line. For further information. D. The use of reciprocating type chillers is approved only when either screw or centrifugal chillers are not available. etc. elevations. The EM/S System shall be able to monitor. a dedicated air-cooled chiller for the new addition may be selected and sized for 100 percent of the new building addition’s calculated heat gain load. For dual watercooled chillers installed in parallel. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 11 of 24 . 10. This also applies to new chillers installed at new facilities. For existing schools programmed to have new classroom additions. For middle and high schools. Chillers shall be provided with the manufacturer’s microprocessor module in addition to an internet interface to the SBBC Energy Management/Security (EM/S) System specified in the SBBC Specification Section 15900 . HCFC-123. The dedicated air-cooled chiller shall not be oversized. 2. sections. descriptive names of equipment. please contact the FPL Program Specialist at (954) 321-2162. provide an air-cooled chiller with multiple refrigeration circuits. Under this program. 4. HFC-134A or HFC-410A refrigerants. display and control the data available from the chiller microprocessor module. Control Panel. 8. Upon activation. Size chiller for 120 percent of the facility calculated heat gain load to allow for future building expansion.A. the replacement chiller must be specified within the FPL Retrofit Program criteria. Water cooled chillers shall be either screw of centrifugal and shall contain refrigerants not scheduled to be phased out immediately such as HCFC-22. Unless the design criteria requires a higher pressure. Refrigerant discharge to the atmosphere is permitted solely for the water-cooled chiller pressure relief device or rupture seal. adjust the PRV to maintain 12 PSI pressure on the chilled water pump suction.55.
Telephone # 928-0212. 14. an equalizer line shall be provided between both tower sumps and contain a manual butterfly valve for servicing. Acceptable backflow preventers are the Wilkens #975RPZ or Watts #909RP backflow preventer. the specification shall include a statement that a total of fifteen hours shall be provided for training SBBC Maintenance Personnel by the HVAC manufacturer’s technical representatives. 6. 12. New cooling towers shall be factory CTI certified and provided with the manufacturer’s performance guaranty. The electrical services shall include a 120 Volt dedicated service to the water treatment system and a 120 Volt hookup to the solenoid for bleed purposes. a maximum of 0. the speed reducer gear shall be rated in accordance with the practices of the American Gear Manufacturer’s Association using a service factor of 2. Thermal-Care-Mayer Series FC and the BAC Ultralite. but field certification by CTI certified personnel shall be acceptable. The Contractor shall confer with the SBBC District Maintenance/Water Treatment Department. stainless steel hardware. When towers with capacities greater than 200 Tons are gear driven. single reduction oil fill type of industrial grade as manufactured by Flenders-Motox. Provision shall be made for a backflow preventer on the cooling tower water makeup line in order to prevent contamination of the domestic water line. 4. 2. installed and maintained by the SBBC District Maintenance/Water Treatment Department. On multiple towers having a common condenser water system. In addition to the standard manufacturer’s one year parts and labor warranty on the chiller. Approved gear driven towers are the Evapco Series USST. Provision shall be made to drain the cooling tower overflow and basin into a 3 inch sanitary area drain located under the tower in the tower foundation pad via an air gap. Training should start at the time of equipment startup and be completed prior to Substantial Completion. an extended four year parts and labor warranty on the compressor and motor shall be required. Provide a stainless steel mechanical-draft. provision shall be made for a service working platform and a heavy duty ladder to be used to replace the tower fan motors and drive assemblies. provide a water meter on the cooling tower water makeup line to record water consumption. for directions required in the installation of this equipment. 13. The Contractor shall be responsible for furnishing and installing the chemical pot feeder. electrical service and the required piping connections. similar to those manufactured by Rockwell VTAC. Select two cooling towers or multiple cell towers in lieu of one tower in order to prevent system downtime. The total should be comprised of seven and one-half hours of classroom instruction and seven and one-half hours of hands-on training. Gear driven towers shall be provided with variable frequency drive (VFD’s) motors. A total of seven and one-half hours training shall be provided for air-cooled chillers. 5. 3. When replacing or installing a new water-cooled chiller. In addition. Florida Issue Date June 5. The gear reducer shall be of the spiral bevel. taps.entrance doors to the chiller room and start the exhaust fan to create room negative pressure. Marley Quadraflow and the BAC JE Premier Series. vertical discharge. The Contractor shall furnish the initial treatment of the chilled water system. E. Factory certification is preferred. Cooling Towers 1. Hub City or approved equal. when specified. In addition. Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. wells. Air makeup shall be provided by means of wall louvers or other method approved by the SBBC Facilities Department Design Services. SBBC approved towers are the Evapco Series ICT-SST. variable speed cooling tower with a stationary water distribution manifold. Discharge into the ground is PROHIBITED. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 12 of 24 .005 percent drift loss of design GPM flow rate and capable of cooling water from 95 Degree Fdb to 85 Degree Fdb at an entering wet bulb temperature of 80 Degree Fwb.0 for cooling tower service in accordance with CTI Standard 111. Towers shall be designed for variable speed through the use of a variable frequency drive motors. Amarillo. ABB or Danfoss Graham in addition to a one year parts and labor warranty. Subsequent treatment of the chilled water system and all treatment of the condenser water system shall be furnished. counterflow.
Control Panel already dedicated to close the outside air damper of the AHU serving that zone. F. All custodian room exhaust fans shall be electrically interlocked to the AHU serving that zone so that the exhaust fan operates when the AHU is energized. The low leakage outside air damper shall close one-half hour after classes end and remain closed during evenings. 2. In the Middle and High School Science Material Storage/Preparation Area and the Science Chemistry Classrooms containing fume hoods only. use ceiling exhaust fans containing gravity dampers and terminating with a brick vent or extruded aluminum louver such as manufactured by Penn Ventilator Company “Zephyr”. auditoriums. 6. provide full door width. The low leakage outside air damper shall close one-half hour after classes end and remain closed during evenings. laden outside air for air makeup requirements shall be provided from adjacent classrooms or other similar rooms required to be exhausted to the exterior in accordance with ASHRAE Standard 62. weekends and holidays when the building is unoccupied. weekends and holidays when the building is unoccupied. weekends and holidays when the building is unoccupied. then terminate with a rooftop cap such as the Penn Ventilator Company “Airette”. 7. 9.A. These areas shall be continuously exhausted during occupied periods. provision shall be made to have the chiller based microprocessor module cycle the cooling tower fans in lieu of an aquastat since the microprocessor module provides more stringent control of the condenser water temperature. In the Flammable Storage Room. 3.O. the Science Material Storage/Preparation Area Organic and Inorganic Storage Rooms shall each be provided with continuous operating explosion-proof upblast exhaust fan sized for twenty Air Changes/Hour. Minimize all roof penetrations at all times in order to prevent potential roof leaks. Control Panel. All general purpose exhaust fans in non-classroom areas such as gymnasiums. In addition. All classroom toilet exhaust fans as well as interior area toilet exhaust fans shall be started and stopped by a single zone switch on the Central H. etc. Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. 8. In addition to being controlled by a zone switch on the Central H.O. Ventilation and Exhaust 1. Florida Issue Date June 5. Should a sidewall exhaust not be possible. For optimum chiller performance. In building perimeter toilets and custodian rooms. The galvanized steel exhaust duct main shall split into two vertical branches extending from floor to ceiling in order to exhaust fumes from both the floor and ceiling levels. Conditioned air in lieu of moist. a factory applied chemical resistant coating such as Eisenheiss or approved equal shall be applied to the exhaust fan. All electrical rooms shall be provided with exhaust fans started and stopped by a wall mounted thermostat set at 85 Degree F. 10. the group toilet exhaust fans located in the EHPA shall be electrically interlocked to the emergency generator powered ventilation system so that they are energized during hurricane periods in order to provide exhaust of toilet room odors.A. In the kitchen and multi-purpose/dining area. The low leakage outside air damper shall close one-half hour after classes end and remain closed during evenings. The exhaust fan shall run continuously. provide a mechanical ventilation system consisting of an explosion-proof upblast exhaust fan sized for twenty Air Changes/Hour. These areas shall be continuously exhausted during occupied periods. In Middle and High Schools. shall be electrically interlocked to the outside air damper of the AHU serving those zones so that the exhaust fans operate only when the outside air damper of the AHU is fully opened. The outside air damper shall also be closed when the AHU is shutdown. 4. provide a mechanical exhaust system consisting of an explosionproof upblast (purge) fan sized for twenty Air Changes/Hour and coated with a chemical resistant coating. 5. The stainless steel exhaust duct shall extend from floor to ceiling in order to exhaust fumes from both the floor and ceiling levels. These areas shall be continuously exhausted during occupied periods. Ensure that each insect fly fan unit is energized with a door microswitch for automatic operation. These areas shall be continuously exhausted during occupied and periods. corrosion-resistant galvanized steel insect fly fans with adjustable full length discharge nozzles over every exterior door. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 13 of 24 .7. Makeup air shall be provided via an outside makeup air duct containing a fire damper and a grille which shall be chemical resistant coated.
16. Victaulic joint type piping is not approved. EF-2. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 14 of 24 . The electrical services shall include a 120 Volt dedicated service to the water treatment system and a 120 Volt hookup to the solenoid for bleed purposes. G. electrical service and the required piping connections. Only Schedule 40 black steel pipe with welded joints and dielectric fittings at points of connections to dissimilar metals shall be approved for the chilled water (CHW) and condenser water (CW) main piping. All exhaust fans. wells. two position chilled water valves in order to maintain a wet coil so as to dehumidify at all times. 11. 12. installed and maintained by the SBBC District Maintenance/Water Treatment Department. 13. 14. Telephone # 928-0212. single kiln installations (elementary schools) shall be exhausted at the rate of 200 CFM while a two kiln installation (middle & high schools) shall be exhausted at the rate of 300 CFM minimum. An audible alarm activated by a pressure differential switch in the exhaust ductwork shall be provided for exhaust fans in potentially hazardous areas as the Science Material Storage/Preparation Area. Usage of PVC pipe for the chilled and condenser water piping is PROHIBITED with the sole exception of the above ground condenser water connection to the cooling tower which shall be PVC. shall be tagged and identified in a sequential numerical format in coordination with the existing equipment so as not to repeat the existing exhaust fan or supply fan numbers. taps. In existing school facilities requiring renovations and/or additions. Science Chemistry Classrooms. Flammable Storage Area and Electrical Rooms to indicate fan failure. 4. installed and maintained by the SBBC District Maintenance/Water Treatment Department. The Art Lab Kiln Room containing either one or two kilns shall be capable of exhausting a capacity based on twenty Air Changes/Hour. two position chilled water valve installed at the end of the loop to prevent pump dead heading. Organic and Inorganic Storage Rooms. In new school facilities. The exhaust air duct shall be fabricated of stainless steel or chemical resistant coated galvanized steel. 2. the fume hoods shall be provided with a mechanical exhaust system consisting of an explosion-proof upblast fan coated with a chemical resistant coating and sized for twenty Air Changes/Hour. shall be designed to immediately shutdown upon activation of the building fire alarm system. The exhaust fan shall be electrically interlocked to the fume hood. 3. supply air fan. Variable air volume AHU chilled water coils shall be provided with two-way.The exhaust fan shall be manually stared and stopped by an ON/OFF wall mounted switch located behind the Teacher’s demo table and provided with an engraved sign stating "OPERATE PURGE FAN WITH CLASSROOM DOORS OPEN". All constant air volume AHU chilled water coils shall be provided with three way. The Contractor shall furnish the initial treatment of the chilled water system. with the exception of the kitchen hood exhaust fan. SF-1. shall be tagged and identified in a sequential numerical format such as EF-1. The alarm shall be wired on a separate circuit. all new exhaust fans. Typically. modulating chilled water valves in addition to a three way. but no less than 200 CFM. all new exhaust fans. Makeup air can be provided by the AHU system’s supply air diffusers to the classroom while simultaneously closing the return air register/grille via a motor operated damper electrically interlocked to the purge fan. 15. The makeup air duct to the fume hood may be fabricated of galvanized steel and does not have to require a chemical resistant coating. etc. Above ground chilled water piping runouts to the individual AHU of sizes 2 inches and smaller may be Type “L” copper not to exceed 20 feet in length. Black steel pipe installed underground shall be coated with a bitumastic material. supply air fan. Florida Issue Date June 5. New chilled water and condenser water chemical treatment systems for chillers shall be furnished. In the Middle and High School Science Material Storage/Preparation Area and the Science Chemistry Classrooms. Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. Chilled and Condenser Water Piping 1. etc. Provision shall be made by the Contractor for furnishing and installing the chemical pot feeder. The exhaust fan shall be manually started and stopped by a wall mounted thermostat set at 85 Degree F. etc. SF-2. Subsequent treatment of the chilled water system and all treatment of the condenser water system shall be furnished.
the Contractor shall flush the piping systems with water in order to remove sand and other foreign contaminants.O. Install the valves inside the building mechanical rooms in an accessible location and properly identified. In addition. the new HVAC systems shall be wired back to the existing Central H. A 36 inch by 24 inch EM/S panel will be mounted adjacent to the Central H. Bronze body ball valves with stainless steel balls and stems for isolating and throttling duty in sizes up to 2-1/2 inches. The EM/S system consists of Andover Controls Corporation (Andover. b. Ductile iron body plug valves for precision balancing applications. Upon completion. 10. It is MANDATORY that the pipe ends be temporarily sealed with plastic polyethylene sheeting and duct tape and remain empty of any water after pressure testing until the final pipe connections are completed. The Contractor shall then contact the SBBC District Maintenance/Water Treatment Department. Control Panel shall be located in the Media Center Communications Equipment Room (CER). for verification of the water quality and strainer cleaning. the SBBC District Maintenance/Water Treatment Department shall furnish. Florida Issue Date June 5. lug body butterfly valves with EPDM seats and silicon bronze discs for isolating and throttling duty in sizes 3 inches and larger. Perma-Pipe. the system also interfaces to the electronic security devices which reports intrusion alarms to a central monitoring station. cleaned and reinstalled. 6. A simplified sequence of operation geared to a non-technical individual explaining the HVAC system operation shall be installed behind a Mechanical Design Criteria Page 15 of 24 2. branch tap. The Central H. Mueller Model 91 AP or Nibco Model F-910 flanged silent check valves are preferred for the chilled water system.A. Valves for the chilled water system shall be as follows: a. the chilled water and condenser water piping shall be drained. Details of the underground chilled water and condenser water pipe anchors. Required at each piece of equipment. Upon installation and after pressure testing.A. two-piece pre-formed foam glass insulation such as Foamglas as manufactured by Pittsburgh Corning with Pittwrap CW jacket for underground piping will be used. Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. 9. Include on the plans and in the specifications that 125 PSI W. When field-insulating the black steel chilled water piping in both the building interior and exterior spaces. oil and/or other foreign contaminants. 7. Control Panel. Upon completion of the chilled water and condenser water piping installation and prior to insulating the basket strainers. 2003 .A. dirt. main riser and at other locations to allow system isolation and balancing. The chilled water and condenser water piping shall be chemically cleaned by the Contractor in order to remove mill slag. Underground chilled water and condenser water piping shall not be installed less than 36 inches below grade and shall be provided with expansion loops as necessary. ductile iron. Control Panel so that an open wall space will be required. Bubble tight. 11. Energy Management/Security (EM/S) System 1. 8. Fiberglass insulation will not be approved.O. install and maintain the water chemical treatment system. The use of factory pre-insulated polyurethane foam black steel pipe with extruded PVC or high density polyethylene jacket such as manufactured by Thermacor. d. The use of underground chilled or condenser water shutoff valves in valve boxes is PROHIBITED. sleeves and expansion loops or joints shall be shown on the plans. c. Upon acceptance. Thermal Pipe or Insul-Tec is approved for exterior underground piping only. H. Rovanco. A detail of the expansion loop with dimensions shall be shown on the plan. The strainers shall then be removed again.O.5. the chilled water and condenser water piping shall be flushed with water in order to remove sand and other foreign contaminants. The strainers shall be removed. flushed and a nitrite solution shall be applied to prevent pipe oxidation. In existing schools requiring renovation. 12.O. cleaned and re-installed during this cleaning procedure. Telephone #928-0212.G. MA) based equipment which starts and stops the HVAC equipment and optimizes the outside lighting. The SBBC Educational Technology Services Department has an on-going project to install an integrated Energy Management/ Security (EM/S) System at every school site.
the new addition’s automatic temperature control system shall be extended via a 2 inch PVC conduit to the location where the existing Central H. Evaporator and Condenser Water Flow Pressure Differential. zone status pilot lights and permanent engraved labels for each zone.A. Condenser Refrigerant Pressure. The facility shall be fully sprinklered in accordance with.O. The mechanical room outdoor air dampers and toilet exhaust fans shall be on one zone and separate from the AHU’s. d. c. Chiller ON/OFF Status. Fire Protection System 1. All electrical wiring interface between the SBBC EM/S system and the HVAC system will be done at the auto side of the H. NFPA 20. I. In most cases. mechanical rooms (ordinary hazard Group 1). 6. Evaporator and Condenser Refrigerant Temperatures. l. 3. For new schools. Should the installed ATC be manufactured by Johnson Controls (approved for building additions only). the ATC shall be as manufactured by Andover and the front panel shall be blank since the above functions shall be controlled by a desktop computer at the facility and at the TSS Building located offsite. h. the panel shall be provided with separate.O. One complete set of spare pilot light bulbs shall be provided and stored inside the panel. through the use of space temperature and humidity sensors. Chilled Water Temperature Setpoint. for additional information concerning the EM/S equipment interface and ATC requirements. For existing facilities. i. storage rooms (ordinary hazard Group 1) and the working stage containing over 1000 SF (ordinary hazard). 5. 4. All Motor Bearing Temperatures.O. condenser water pumps.A. 2. They shall include the following as a minimum: a. All Motor Winding Temperatures.) switches. Phase Current for Each Phase.A.Plexiglas or lexan cover adjacent to the Central H. Diagnostic Status. Control panel is installed. All areas are to be designed based on light hazard occupancy with the exception of the kitchen (ordinary hazard Group 1). 7. b. maintenance logs. The HVAC equipment is to be enabled and disabled by a single zone switch. Contact the SBBC designated EM/S representative. NFPA 24 and NFPA 101. Evaporator Entering and Leaving Water Temperature.A. 2003 . Control Panel. face-mounted Hand-Off-Auto (H. f. Condenser Entering and Leaving Water Temperature. An electrical schematic drawing of the equipment shall also be provided in a similar manner for use by repairmen during servicing of the equipment. The EM/S system shall be capable of providing temperature control. g. etc. e. toilet exhaust fans and outside air dampers shall be started and stopped by zone from a Central H. NFPA 14. Control Panel. Monitoring alarm and control points shall be provided for the proposed new chiller. either Andover or Johnson Controls stand-alone type electric/electronic controllers may be utilized. NFPA 13. For building additions to existing facilities. No other controls manufacturer shall be approved. the automatic temperature control (ATC) system shall be a Direct Digital Control (DDC) as manufactured by Andover Controls Corporation and be stand-alone electric/electronic controllers with set point adjustments not requiring the need of a service tool or computer. All AHU’s. k. j. Telephone #765-6496. switch for Start/Stop control. Compressor Status including Current Limiting Setpoint.O. Each zone should not exceed a total of 20 HP connected fan motor load. general purpose exhaust fans.O. Mechanical Design Criteria Page 16 of 24 Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County.A. Florida Issue Date June 5.
Also include pipe sizes. Gas piping SHALL NOT be installed in. Gas piping installed underground and outside the building shall be fabricated of ASTM D2513. the Contractor shall be responsible for furnishing and installing the LP tank. The electrical rooms shall be designed to be two hour fire rated. 4. a color-coded detection tape shall be installed 24 inches above all buried gas piping for early detection during excavation. 2003 . gas supply piping running through or passing across an interior corridor SHALL NOT be approved. Generator sizes greater than 100 KW shall be diesel oil driven. Gas System 1. For above grade piping up to 2 inches in size shall be XL. LP gas shall be used for the emergency generator for sizes less than 100 KW. installing or inspecting of all types of pre-engineered fire extinguishing systems in accordance with FAC Statute 633. Gas supply branch piping shall be approved to run across interior corridors only as a last resort if it is installed in a Schedule 40 steel pipe sleeve encased in a one hour fire-rated gypsum board enclosure within the confines of the corridor. SDR 11. Should LP gas be used in lieu of natural gas for other than the emergency generator. An electrically continuous corrosion resistant yellow tracer wire (minimum AWG 14) shall be installed 12 inches above all buried gas piping to facilitate locating of the gas pipe. welded or grooved ends. For above grade piping sizes 2-1/2 inches and larger. Provide glass bulb type sprinkler heads with the ordinary temperature range of 155 Degree F except where subject to high temperatures caused by heaters. J. pipe lengths and calculations. 9. 4. 10. ASTM A-135 or ASTM A-795 black steel pipe with screwed. Mechanical Design Criteria Page 17 of 24 2. 5. The pipe sleeve should be at least two and one-half to three pipe sizes larger than carrier pipe. 8. 6. renovation and /or additions in group toilets and custodian rooms. repairing. Never embed piping in concrete. As an example. Florida Issue Date June 5. 7. If approved. Ensure that all areas with the exception of electrical rooms are designed with a wet pipe sprinkler system. A maximum area of 18’x18’ or 324 SF spacing shall be used for the extended area heads. Submission of performance plans shall be provided with the Phase III 50 Percent Construction Documents submittals. ensure that sprinkler heads are provided by connecting a maximum of six heads to each domestic water service line serving the facility. The gas system piping installed above grade shall be fabricated of ASTM A53 or A120. The use of extended area sprinkler heads and quick response sprinkler heads is approved. Provide 1/4" scale shop drawing plans designed and sealed by a State of Florida licensed engineer of a complete hydraulically designed sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 and other applicable code requirements. Gas supply pipe shall be routed to above-ceiling spaces immediately upon entering a building. Underground piping shall be fabricated of Class 52 ductile iron pipe. radiant ceilings or other heat source in which case they shall be of the high temperature type. One end shall terminate above grade at the building wall or riser. Schedule 40 black steel pipe or ASTM B88 hard drawn Type L copper pipe. the piping mains shall be fabricated of Schedule 10. A check valve shall be installed at the point of connection between the fire protection piping and the domestic water piping to protect the domestic water system from contamination. All piping shall be installed by state certified personnel having a State of Florida license for the servicing. Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. ASTM A-135 threadable light wall galvanized steel piping with screwed ends.5 polyethylene (PE) pipe installed 36 inches below grade. The routing of gas piping underneath the building shall not be permitted unless it is unavoidable. hot pipes. but requiring remodeling. Hydraulic calculations shall be based on a maximum of 50 PSI pressure domestic water pressure. In existing school facilities not containing a sprinkler system. 5.3. Transitional risers connecting the plastic piping to black steel shall be installed by the plastic pipe manufacturer’s certified installer and in accordance with the requirements of the utility company. above or across interior corridors or stairwells. No other pipe material shall be approved. but not less than 2 inches for a 3/4 inch gas pipe. Avoid running gas piping under concrete slabs at all times. install the carrier pipe in a Schedule 40 PVC pipe sleeve sealed on the building interior end and vented to the outside at the building exterior end. In addition. 3.
the gas piping shall be routed above the first floor ceiling space and up to the teacher’s demo table.. The gas piping shall then be re-routed back underneath the floor to the partition wall where it will run up to above the ceiling space and then down through the partition walls to the science classroom student tables located along the perimeter walls. The lockable type quarterturn butterfly valve shall be used by the teacher to shutoff the gas supply to the demo table. 12. manual shutoff valve. All gas solenoid valves whether used for the gas supply main at the point of delivery to the building or the science classroom demo tables shall be normally closed. the routing of the gas piping to the teacher’s demo table shall be from the aboveceiling space down through the partition wall to underneath the floor and then up inside the demo table. pressure regulator. Tanks of 500 or 1000 Gallon capacities shall be installed underground and properly anchored to prevent hydraulic uplift. In Middle and High School Science Classrooms and the Science Material Storage/Preparation Areas. the gas piping shall run up into the student table. It shall not be directly wired to the building fire alarm system. normally closed. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 18 of 24 . For example. ventilated steel cage housing under lock and key. Florida Issue Date June 5. 9. In addition. The hot and cold water supplies under the demo table shall be equipped with manual quarterturn butterfly valves for shutoff purposes. For the chemistry classrooms with the island student table. 13. provide one manual quarterturn butterfly valve on the pipe branch located inside the demo table that supplies gas to the student work tables. shall be provided with a weatherproof. 10. Installation of tanks of 250 Gallons or less for above grade installation shall require review and approval by the SBBC Facilities Department Design Services Department prior to design. The exterior above grade building natural gas supply main entering the building and containing the gas meter. 120 Volt electric solenoid valve on the gas supply piping inside each demo table along with one lockable type quarterturn butterfly valve. In Middle and High School Science Classrooms and the Science Material Storage/Preparation Areas. the building gas supply main solenoid valve shall close and cutoff any further supply of gas into the building.. In Middle and High School Science Classrooms and the Science Material Storage/Preparation Areas located on the second floor. 7. but shall be de-energized when the fire alarm system is activated.but activation of the building fire alarm system shall de-energize the demo table gas solenoid valve via a set of contacts. lever-operated manual reset. the tank shall be provided with a chainlink fence enclosure. student work tables and the fume hood at the end of each day. A gas supply branch connected upstream of the building gas supply main solenoid valve shall be installed to provide uninterrupted gas supply to the emergency generator. For Middle and High School Science Classrooms and the Science Material Storage/Preparation Areas located on the first floor. The gas piping shall then be re-routed back down into the first floor ceiling space and then up into the science classroom student tables located along the perimeter walls. All other electrical circuits shall be wired separately. Automatic reset type solenoid valves are PROHIBITED. The Middle and High School Science Classrooms and the Science Material Storage/Preparation Area shall be designed so that they are located on the second floor to avoid the installation of any gas piping underneath the building concrete slabs. Coordinate with the project electrical engineer to verify that no motion sensors used to control the lighting fixtures are installed in the Middle and High School Science Classrooms and the Science Material Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. 8. each demo table gas solenoid valve will be de-energized by activating a red ON/OFF mushroom button (aka. activation of the red mushroom button shall not activate the building fire alarm system. etc. lever-operated manual reset. Master Control Switch) located behind the demo table which will simultaneously shut off the gas supply and electricity (except the classroom lights) to the student work tables and the fume hood at the discretion of teacher. In the Science Material Storage/Preparation Area. the red mushroom button shall be centrally located so that it serves the same purpose. 120 Volt electric solenoid valves. The entire assembly shall be enclosed inside a vandalproof. the gas piping shall run down through a vertical vandal resistant pipe sleeve or chase located on the far end of the student table. Should the building fire alarm system be activated.6. 15. If approved. provide a normally closed. 120 Volt electric solenoid valve. 14. 11. lever-operated manual reset. For the chemistry classrooms with the island student table. This valve shall be used to shutoff the gas supply to the student work tables at the discretion of the teacher.
Gaylord Model CG3-BDL-MAW c. 4. the kitchen hood shall be provided with a utility distribution system (UDS). Florida Issue Date June 5. Acceptable manufacturers are: a. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 19 of 24 . 2. Avtec Model AWDP d. exhaust duct. Fume Hood 1. air cooled. gas-fired water heater such as manufactured by LAARS. quick recovery. 3. Spring Air Model The hood exhaust ductwork shall be fabricated of stainless steel or black steel. Each hood shall be provided with a UL listed wet chemical fire suppression system such as Ansul R-102. stainless steel or black steel ductwork. All buried black steel pipe shall be thoroughly cleaned such as removing of surface rust. filterless stainless steel hoods capable of extracting 95 percent of generated grease through a series of horizontal overlapping exhaust air baffles. water supply and electricity (except the classroom lights) to the demo table and the student work tables. Design kitchen and serving area waterwash exhaust hoods to be a UL listed island type four-sided. Lochinvar. Motion sensors installed in such areas can lead to a potential explosion should there be an accumulation of gas in the enclosed area caused by a leak during the evening or weekend periods when the school is closed and later reopened. Ventmaster Model IW-M b. etc. wheeled. K. M. prior to being coated with a corrosion resistant material such as wrapping. Kitchen 1. the air compressor supplying the compressed air shall be a portable. steam kettle and other open surface cooking equipment in accordance with all codes and UL requirements. The kitchen water heater shall be located in a one-hour fire-rated room located on the building perimeter and equipped with an exterior door. The fume hood shall be de-energized by activating a red mushroom button located behind the classroom demo table which will simultaneously shut off the gas supply. Smith or Webon-Jarco. exhaust and supply air fans.Storage/Preparation Area. The kitchen hood wet chemical fire suppression hood shall be designed to protect the plenum. recessed florescent lighting. low velocity perforated vertical air discharge at the ceiling along the full front length of the hood and a 140 Degree F minimum detergent water wash system. In the Middle and High School Technology Laboratories. In addition. should compressed air piping be required. Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. Schedule 40 black steel. In the Middle and High School Technology Laboratories. A. 3. The water wash control panel for the kitchen hood shall be mounted on the UDS riser. 2. 5. the walls separating the Project Storage Room and the Audio Studio shall be acoustically treated to reduce sound transmission into the Audio Studio. Compressed air piping installed underground shall be PVC coated extruded pipe coated or coated with a bitumastic material or other SBBC approved material. L.O. Compressed Air System 1. single stage compressor with a 20 gallon capacity horizontal receiving tank. The kitchen shall be provided with a commercial grade. Expando burner. The Middle and High School Science Classrooms designated to be chemistry classrooms containing fume hoods and the Science Material Storage/Preparation Area fume hoods shall be provided with gas and CW at both ends of the hood along with an integral exhaust/supply air makeup system. it shall be fabricated of ASTM A53 or A120. In the Middle and High School Technology Laboratories.
Pipe shall be thoroughly cleaned of dirt and surface rust. 95/5 solder and flux shall not have a lead content exceeding 0. etc.5 inches per hour for a 100 year rainfall in accordance with the 2001 FBC . Water closets installed back-to-back such as in group toilets shall be provided with double tee-wye or double combination sanitary fittings. 9. It may consist of parapet scuppers or scupper heads and exterior surface mounted leaders.S Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. Threaded connections shall be made with nonlead bearing compounds. etc. When buildings are designed with an interior storm drain system. For the kitchen steam kettle only. 5.Plumbing. be permitted for above finished floor in any portion of the building interior. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 20 of 24 . The use of gate valves is PROHIBITED. All primary roof drain system storm drain runoff shall be connected to discharge directly into the storm drain system. A secondary emergency roof drain system. 16.1. etc. The use of splash blocks or discharging onto grade is PROHIBITED. Coordinate with the architect and install piping in furred walls.2 percent. the 1990 American Disability Act (ADA) and the U. grease and storm drain system piping installed below grade within the building interior can be either cast iron or Schedule 40 PVC. communications equipment room or communication closets. Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. Terminate the water line outside the electrical rooms and provide grounding straps All black steel piping installed underground shall be PVC coated extruded black steel pipe or black steel pipe wrapped and coated with a bitumastic material or other SBBC approved material. 11. Each horizontal sanitary and storm drainage pipe shall be provided with a cleanout at the upstream end of the pipe and in changes in direction greater than 45 degrees. When used. Section 1107. fire sprinkler water. Chapter 11. 3. 7. 8. No piping carrying domestic water. All plumbing design shall be in compliance with the 2001 Florida Building Code . 15. If the two-way cleanout is installed in a grass area. 10.Plumbing. All secondary emergency roof drain system storm drain runoff shall be terminated above grade. 14. shall be run through any of the electrical rooms.N. Joint connections for gas copper pipe shall be welded or brazed with lead-free solder. Sanitary.Plumbing. Plumbing 1. Each building sanitary drain shall be provided with a two-way grade cleanout within five feet of the junction of the building drain and building sewer immediately after exiting the building. 4. Figure 1106. The primary roof drain system shall be sized for a rainfall intensity of 4. Florida Issue Date June 5. Joint connections for joining domestic water pipe shall be FREE OF LEAD. the first ten feet of underground drain piping shall be fabricated of cast iron before transitioning over to Schedule 40 PVC piping due to the high temperature of the steam kettle discharge water which can exceed 140 Degree F. The use of No-Hub cast iron pipe for above grade interior use is approved. shall be provided totally independent of the primary roof drain system in accordance with the 2001 FBC . In no instance will the use of PVC piping such as for the domestic water. Cleanouts shall be provided at 50 foot intervals for horizontal sanitary and grease drain pipes of 3 inch or less and 100 foot intervals for pipes 4 inch and larger. the vertical storm drain piping (conductors) shall be provided with base cleanouts and access doors. sanitary. sized three times the size of the primary drain. grease. 13. CHW. Offset cleanouts so that they are not located in classrooms or building entrances whenever possible. Installation of any plumbing piping inside the block cores of exterior walls is PROHIBITED. storm drain. The use of double sanitary tees is PROHIBITED. All shutoff valves installed on domestic water piping in building interiors for pipe sizes less than 3 inches shall be full flow ball valves for pipe. In addition. Roof drains shall not be less than 4" in size. 6. 2.3. prior to being coated with the corrosion resistant material. do not penetrate domestic water lines used for electrical grounding through and into the electrical rooms. it shall be embedded in an 18”x18”x4” thick concrete pad. 12. Chapter 11. fire sprinkler systems.
the commercial gas water heater for the kitchen shall be a quick recovery type sized for a 110 Degree F temperature rise. the kitchen commercial dishwasher when applicable and the four compartment pot sink. but not directly over. the floor drain shall also be used to receive the discharge of the waterwash hood water used to clean the hood. 20. Florida Issue Date June 5. 21. The kitchen Somat pulper discharge shall be directed into a below grade Schedule 40 PVC grease waste system. the temperature of the water shall not exceed 110 Degree F. 140 Degree F hot water shall be required for the waterwash exhaust hood. Both the kitchen and shower/locker room commercial water heaters shall be provided with inline recirculation pumps. 110 Degree F hot water and cold water shall be required in all other kitchen areas such as the two compartment vegetable sink. Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. The Somat extractor discharge shall be directed into a below grade Schedule 40 PVC sanitary system by means of a floor drain containing a 3/4 grate which shall be located directly underneath the Somat extractor discharge outlet. 2-1/2 inch recessed floor area containing a 4 inch deep seal floor drain equipped with a chrome plated. exterior dumpster pad. handwash sinks. In addition.17. domestic water heaters for all areas other than the kitchen shall be sized for a 70 Degree F temperature rise and provided with quarterturn full flow ball valves in lieu of gate valves on the cold and hot water supply lines. The can wash located in the kitchen Somat extractor/waste handling equipment room shall be installed in a 3 foot square. Shelf mounted electric water heaters shall be provided with a galvanized steel safety pan containing a pan drain. The Somat extractor in the Somat extractor/waste handling equipment room shall be provided with a concrete curb around the equipment in order to avoid flooding the room. Since tap water is considered to be 70 Degree F. etc. As such. Whenever hot water is required for such areas as showers. The shelf mounted water heaters in the custodian rooms shall be mounted close to. Both the 1 inch pan drain and the 3/4 inch P&T relief drain shall be made of copper and run separately into a mop sink or floor drain. 24. In addition. 22. 19. lavatories. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 21 of 24 . 26. 23. 18. The can wash located in the kitchen Somat extractor/waste handling equipment room shall be provided with 110 Degree F hot water and cold water. Inline recirculation pumps for all other water heaters shall be considered if the length of pipe run is excessive. Also note that the dumpster area concrete pad located outside the kitchen Extractor/can wash waste room shall be provided with an area drain connected to the grease waste system and a wall hydrant containing 100 Degree F hot water. The floor drain shall be located directly underneath the steam kettle discharge faucet. Commercial gas-fired water heaters shall be provided for the kitchens and Middle and High School Shower/Locker Rooms. a wall mounted service faucet containing a threaded spout with hot and cold water and shall be installed above the can wash in the Somat extractor/waste handling equipment room and in the Somat pulper room. The entire kitchen shall be provided with 3 inch deep seal floor drains and trough drains at the dry storage room and paper storage room entry doors with the exception of the Somat extractor/waste handling equipment room which shall be provided with a 4 inch deep seal floor drain. kitchen handwash sinks. the mop sink in order to allow installation and access to the mop rack over the mop sink. Since tap water is considered to be 70 Degree F. the kitchen floor drains and trough drains shall not be required to be provided with trap primers. Somat extractor equipment located in the extractor/waste handling equipment room. clinic sinks. Discharge 6 inches above the exterior grade shall be approved only if no other method of discharge is available. The kitchen steam kettle shall be installed in a rectangular 2-1/2 inch recessed floor area containing a 3 inch deep seal floor drain with a 1/2 grate. Somat extractor/waste handling equipment room service faucet. bronze spray nozzle and water supply assembly. kitchen lounge toilet lavatory. Electric water heaters shall be wired and controlled by the SBBC Energy Management/Security (EM/S) System for ON/OFF operation in order to de-energize the unit during unoccupied periods. In addition. Somat pulper room service faucet and other facility designated areas. 25. heat traps shall be provided on the CW and the HW lines if they are not already integral with the water heater.
Should the design include a food court serving area.0 GPF for urinals. Training Room and the Kitchen.6 GPM for classroom sinks. All ADA water closet flush valves. faculty toilets. kitchen sinks. 36. 31. 1. Flow into the sanitary waste storage tank shall be controlled by the use of two bi-directional knife blade gate valves as manufactured by DeZurik or approved equal. Each washdown hose station is to consist of cast bronze valves. student toilets. Multiple tanks shall be installed in series. with hot and cold water. the P. an additional washdown hose station shall be provided in this area. All wall hydrants. mixing chamber. Sizing calculations for the grease tanks shall be provided on the plans along with a tank detail. 29. During hurricane periods. etc. The Diversity Factor is 80 percent for low economic geographical areas. Of the individual toilets. 1. 37.6 GPF for water closets. All group toilets are to be provided with a minimum of one floor drain and a wall hydrant installed 30 inches AFF on an easy-to-access wall located away from the battery of plumbing fixtures. 33. whether interior or exterior. Elementary school ADA toilet rooms located in Kindergarten through Grade 5 classrooms and the designated ADA toilet stall located in the student group toilet adjacent to the dining/multipurpose room shall be provided with standard height water closets and 16 inch high flush valves in order to avoid conflict with the split horizontal grab bars behind the water closet. Provide all stainless steel sinks in faculty areas such as the clinic.75 for Somat Equipment or 1. 39. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 22 of 24 . with cold water only.E. teacher’s lounge. service sinks and mop sinks. 34. All lavatory and sink faucets shall be provided with laminar flow aerators. teacher planning area. The washdown station shall be similar to Model #MV-0771-12CW as manufactured by T&S. 3 GPM for showers. 28. and 1.0 for Dishwasher). 35. etc. Designated ADA toilet stalls for Grades 6 through 12. 30. fiberglass sanitary waste storage tank anchored to a concrete slab or a precast concrete tank in lieu of the fiberglass tank. 38.5 to 1. The formula is… Tank Gallonage = (School Population x Diversity Factor)(5 GPM/Meal)(0. the sanitary waste from the enhanced hurricane protection area shall be diverted into either an underground. All tank sizes shall be a minimum of 750 gallon and a maximum of 1200 gallon and contain a PVC or concrete baffle plate to separate the grease containment area from the liquid containment area. stainless steel hose rack and an SBBC furnished fifty foot high pressure/high temperature hose suitable for 110 Degree F hot water and equipped with a front trigger control. 32. individual faculty toilets and public group toilets shall be provided with standard handicap height water closets and the 11-1/2 inch high flush valves. urinal flush valves and lavatory self-closing faucets shall be suitable for a maximum of 5 PSI activating pressure in accordance with ADA requirements. The kitchen grease tank shall be provided with a 4 inch minimum influent pipe and effluent pipe. 70 percent for median economic geographical areas and 60 percent for high economic geographical areas. 3/4 inch flush mounted anti-siphon wall hydrants shall be provided for all building interior and exterior installations with the sole exception being the mechanical rooms… where only 3/4 inch hose bibbs shall be used. One knife gate valve shall be installed on the sanitary piping leading into the city sanitary system and the other Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. only the ESE classroom toilets shall be provided with floor drains. Unless otherwise stipulated. air-cooled ice making machines are to be provided for the Administration Building Production Room.27. Self contained.0 GPM for lavatories. In addition. shall be installed 30 inches AFF or finished grade. Designated ADA toilets in Elementary School Kindergarten through Grade 5 classrooms shall contain standard height (non-ADA) water closets roughed in at 12 inches from the rear wall and 16 inches from the side wall. all exterior wall hydrants shall be installed at a maximum spacing of 100 feet apart. Florida Issue Date June 5. Two wall mounted washdown hose stations capable of providing hot and cold water shall be provided at opposite ends of all kitchens. Plumbing fixtures flows are to be restricted to 2. All ADA lavatories shall be provided with insulated P-traps installed parallel to the wall. provide all student and faculty toilet lavatories in clinic toilets.
The tank shall be properly anchored to prevent hydraulic uplift. chemical waste shall run through a polypropylene pipe or silica glass chemical waste system into a high density polyethylene neutralizing tank before being discharged into the sanitary sewage system. All floor drains with the exception of those provided in the kitchen. The tank shall be properly anchored to prevent hydraulic uplift. mechanical rooms and the Science Material Storage/Preparation Area Organic and Inorganic Storage Rooms shall be equipped with trap primers in order to prevent evaporation of the trap seals. Flushing of the plumbing fixtures and the lavatory water usage used to determine the required sanitary waste storage tank size shall be based on a minimum of three flushes per person per day for the water closet and urinals and three cycles per person per day of twenty seconds each for the lavatories during a period of twenty four hours. The ADA combination emergency shower/eyewash shall be Model #SE-603-ADA as manufactured by Speakman. free floating manhole anchored to a concrete slab at grade. The Middle and High School Science Material Storage/Preparation Area Organic and Inorganic Storage Rooms shall each be provided with acid resistant floor drains connected to the chemical waste system. pressure rated and capable of sustaining a domestic water operating pressure between 30 and 80 PSIG and lined with a polyamide epoxy certified by NSF. 40. Both valves shall be located within the confines of a 36 inch diameter. 46. The domestic water storage tank shall be designed to be a pressurized tank type fabricated of steel. 44. two spray heads with six aerated brass outlets having converging streams with a stay-open ball valve and a 3 inch acid resistant floor sink for evacuating large volumes of shower water. The domestic water storage tank shall be installed underground so that domestic water service to the building is routed through the tank at all times. Waste from the eyewash fixture shall be indirectly (safewaste) connected to the chemical waste system with all the waste piping installed inside interior walls. trough drains and the mechanical room floor drains shall be of the deep seal type. In the High School Science Material Storage/Preparation Area. provide hot and cold water to each teacher’s demo table and to each utility sink at the rear of the classrooms. In Middle and High School Science Classrooms. Sizing calculations shall be provided on the plans along with the tank details and the system sequence of operation. a distillation water still shall be provided over the utility sink to produce the highest purity water. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 23 of 24 . Flushing of the plumbing fixtures and the lavatory water usage used to determine the required domestic water storage tank size shall be based on a minimum of three flushes per person per day for the water closet and urinals and three cycles per person per day of twenty seconds each for the lavatories during a period of twenty four hours. The ADA combination emergency shower/eyewash is to be installed at the rear of the classroom opposite the teacher’s demo table and away from any door or cabinets. 41. An additional load of 30 percent for allowance of solids shall be added to the original load. 45. The student table sinks shall be provided with cold water only. In Middle and High School Science Classrooms. Floor drains are not required in individual toilets unless otherwise noted such as toilets containing a shower and ESE toilets. 48. provide an ADA compliant combination emergency shower/eyewash equipped with a stay-open shower ball valve. In Middle and High School Science Classrooms and the Science Material Storage/Preparation Area. The neutralizing tank shall contain a bolt-down cover and be similar to the Series T Neutralization Tank as manufactured by Enfield. Floor drains shall be 3 inches in size in all areas except the can wash in the kitchen Somat extractor/waste handling equipment room where a 4 inch deep seal floor drain shall be provided. The kitchen floor drains. Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. 42.on the pipe leading into the sanitary waste storage tank. The fixture shall be anchored to the floor with a base plate and to the wall with a bracket at the top of the fixture riser which shall be screwed into a 2 inch x 4 inch length of metal stud or equivalent installed behind the plastered wall. Sizing calculations shall be provided on the plans along with the tank details and the system sequence of operation. Valves shall be provided so as to shutoff water to the building and storing potable water necessary for the EHPA lavatories and flushing of the EHPA water closets in the tank prior to a hurricane. The still shall be Mego-Pure Still/Fisher EMD Scientific #S50920ND as manufactured by Corning. Florida Issue Date June 5. Floor drains shall be installed in all group toilets. 47. 43. Science Material Storage/Preparation Area and the Photography Dark Room.
All diesel fired emergency generators shall be provided with a primary and an emergency vent. 53. The emergency generator exhaust piping shall be fabricated of Schedule 40 black steel piping and shall be insulated. Emergency Generator 1. window or fresh air intake. Mounting heights of the plumbing fixtures shall be found in the SBBC Architectural Design Criteria. horizontal roof drain piping and horizontal waste drain piping carrying AHU condensate shall also be insulated. 2003 Mechanical Design Criteria Page 24 of 24 . All domestic hot water piping shall be insulated with 3/4 inch fiberglass insulation. A vent terminal shall be a minimum of 10 feet from any door. END OF MECHANICAL DESIGN CRITERIA Design Considerations and Criteria The School Board of Broward County. Only the primary vent is required to be vented to the outside. Florida Issue Date June 5. 50. All roof drain bodies. O.49. 51. 52. Air admittance valves (AAW) used to eliminate venting to the outdoors are PROHIBITED.