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RGL Consultancy dec.

2010

Shipment Costing v0

www.rglconsultancy.nl

Shipment Costing

CONTENTS: 1) Introduction 2) Customizing settings


A) Assignment of TPPt to company code B) Configuration of shipment type C) Assignment of Shipment Cost Type to Shipment Type D) Configuration of Shipment Cost Type E) Configuration of item category F) Define and Assign Tariff Zones G) Define and Assign Activity Profiles H) Pricing procedure determination I) Purchasing data J) G/L Account Determination K) CO assignment

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3) Master data settings


A) Material master data B) Customer master data C) Vendor master data D) Price Condition E) G/L account

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4) Process demonstration
A) Create purchase order B) Create sales order C) Create outbound delivery D) Create shipment E) Create picking wave F) Create transfer order G) Continue with shipment H) Create Shipment Cost Document I) Transfer Shipment Costs to Accounting J) Logistic invoice verification using ERS

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RGL Consultancy dec. 2010 1) Introduction

Shipment Costing v0

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In this document I will first show the customizing - and master data settings which play a role in shipment costing, than I will demonstrate the process from end-to-end. The scenario is to let the system automatically calculate shipment costs based on the weight of the goods in the delivery . In the demo the goods will travel from sending plant is 1000 (located in Hamburg), to a customer(shipto) located in Berlin. After the shipment costs are calculated they will be automatically transferred to FI-accounting, and at last the FWagent will be credited for his services using ERS. In the process demonstration use will be made of Shipment Type = 0001 and Transportation Planning Point(TPPt) = 1000. Therefore the customizing paragraph of this document will concentrate on the settings for and around these organizational elements.

2) Customizing settings
A) Assignment of TPPt to company code: Call up the customizing transaction as follows: IMG Enterprise Structure Definition Logistics Execution Maintain Menu Path transportation planning point Tr. code / Table -/-

Company code = 1000 B) Configuration of shipment type: Call up the customizing transaction as follows: IMG Enterprise Structure Logistics Execution Transportation Menu Path Shipments Define Shipment Types Tr. code / Table -/-

Select ShTy = 0001 and then click on button

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C) Assignment of Shipment Cost Type to Shipment Type Call up the customizing transaction as follows: IMG Enterprise Structure Logistics Execution Transportation Menu Path Shipments Shipment Costs Shipment Cost Relevance and Default for Shipment Cost Type Tr. code / Table -/-

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Shipment Cost Type = 0002. Double click on line: Define shipment cost relevance for shipment type

D) Configuration of Shipment Cost Type Call up the customizing transaction as follows: IMG Enterprise Structure Logistics Execution Transportation Menu Path Shipments Shipment Costs Shipment Cost Document Shipment Cost Types and Item Categories Tr. code / Table -/-

Select ShpCostTyp=0002 and then click on button

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Double click on line: Assign shipment cost types and item categories

Item cat. = 0002


E) Configuration of item category Double click on line: Define item categories Select item cat.=0002 and then click on button

F) Define and Assign Tariff Zones Call up the customizing transaction as follows: IMG Enterprise Structure Logistics Execution Transportation Shipments Menu Path Shipment Costs Basic Functions Define and Assign Tariff Zones Tr. code / Table -/-

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Double click on line: Define organizational key for tariff zone assigs

In the demo ServcAgent=1058 will be used so we check what has been assigned to it. Double click on line: Assign tariff zone to org. key and post. code area

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Assuming that shipping point 1000 will be used for plant 1000 we check its postal code:

I also check the same settings for plant 1000:

From this we can be sure that the Departure Tariff zone will be DE20. G) Define and Assign Activity Profiles Call up the customizing transaction as follows: IMG Enterprise Structure Logistics Execution Transportation Menu Path Shipments Define and Assign Activity Profiles Tr. code / Table -/-

Position cursor in column At completion for ShTy=0001 and then click on button

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Shipment Costing v0

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H) Pricing procedure determination When the shipping cost document is created the system needs to be able to automatically determine a pricing procedure in order to calculate the shipping costs. Call up the customizing transaction as follows: IMG Enterprise Structure Logistics Execution Transportation Shipments Menu Path Shipment Costs Pricing Pricing Control Define And Assign Pricing Procedures Tr. code / Table -/-

We first have a look at the different selection criteria such as shipping type procedure group/ item procedure group/ service agent procedure group which the system uses to determine the pricing procedure.

Shipping type procedure group = 0001

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Item procedure group = 0003 Define pricing procedure determination for shipment costs:

Select TPPt=1000, then double click on: Determine pricing procedure

As the Item procedure group = 0003 and the Shipping type procedure group = 0001 the pricing procedure which will be determined is SDFC00. To check the details of pricing procedure SDFC00 we go to the option Maintain pricing procedure within same path. 10 / 45

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Select SDFC00 and then double click on : Control data

Condition type FB00 will be used for calculating the shipment costs based on the weight of the goods. After the costs has been calculated by the system, the accounting data needs to be determined and then settled to FI-accounting. To retrieve all the relevant data automatically the following needs to be customized: I) Purchasing data Call up the customizing transaction as follows: IMG Enterprise Structure Logistics Execution Transportation Shipments Menu Path Shipment Costs Pricing Settlement Assign Purchasing Data Tr. code / Table -/-

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For TPPt=1000 and SCTy=0002 the system will use POrg=1000 PGr=000 and plant=1000 to find a suitable Purchase Order with a service item in it, in order to create a service entry sheet. Call up the customizing transaction as follows: IMG Enterprise Structure Logistics Execution Transportation Shipments Menu Path Shipment Costs Pricing Settlement Maintain Account Assignment Category Tr. code / Table -/-

Acc. Modification = VBR J) G/L Account Determination The system determines the G/L account for posting of the costs as follows: Call up the customizing transaction as follows: IMG Enterprise Structure Logistics Execution Transportation Shipments Menu Path Shipment Costs Pricing Settlement Automatic G/L Account Determination Tr. code / Table -/-

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As the valuation class 3200, see shipment cost type 0002 in paragrapgh D, the G/L account will be 417000. K) CO assignment Because the costs will be collected on a cost center, see acct.assgt.cat. K in item cat. 0002 in paragraph E, the system will search for a cost center in below configuration. Call up the customizing transaction as follows: IMG Enterprise Structure Logistics Execution Transportation Shipments Menu Path Shipment Costs Pricing Settlement Automatic Determination of CO Assignments Tr. code / Table -/-

As the Cocd=1000 and the G/L account=417000, the cost center to be used will be 9030. All relevant customizing settings has now been covered, so we can now take a look at the required master data settings.

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RGL Consultancy dec. 2010 3) Master data settings

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In this document I will only concentrate on the master data related to costing of the shipment, its settlement and crediting of the carrier. Master data like outputs will therefore not be explained. The sales order will be made with order type OR and sales area 1000/10/00. The customer no. from the system which will be used as soldto/shipto is 1000 (located in Berlin). The materials which will be sent to the customer are 100-100 and QS6X20. The location they come from lean wm warehouse 010 which has been setup for plant 1000 and storage location 0001. The carrier/forwarding agent is 1058 from paragraph 2F.

Price condition FB00 will be setup to record the price agreement with the carrier.
Only the transport relevant views of the master data will be showed below. A) Material master data Call up the transaction as follows: Logistics Materials Management Material Master Material Display Menu Path Display Current Transaction Code MM03

Note the loadingGrp which is 0003.

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Note the loadingGrp which is 0002. In customizing we can check if for both loadingGrps a shipping point will be determined for plant=1000 and if the shipping point=1000.
Call up the customizing transaction as follows: IMG Logistics Execution Shipping Basic Shipping Functions Shipping Menu Path Point and Goods Receiving Point Determination Assign Shipping Points Tr. code / Table - / TVSTZ

From the table TVSTZ I find for SC=01(standard)(we have to make sure the customer for this test has this
shipping condition):

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B) Customer master data Call up the transaction as follows: Logistics Sales and Distribution Master Data Business Partner Menu Path Customer Display Sales and Distribution Transaction Code VD03

In paragraph 2F we check whether the postal code of customer 1000 matches with the customizing setting:

As can be seen it is correct and will lead to tariffzone=DE10.

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Next we check in customizing if and which route will be determined for this customer from plant 1000. Call up the customizing transaction as follows: IMG Logistics Execution Shipping Basic Shipping Functions Routes Menu Path Route Determination Maintain Route Determination Tr. code / Table -/ Click on button

Enter the shipping point no. and customer no. as above, then click on button

Select the first line then click on line Route Determination Without Weight Group (Order) then Route Determination with Weight Group (Delivery)to see the routes:

For the Delivery folder there are no entries which means the delivery will make use of the route determined in the sales order, which is R00001.

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We can now check the configuration of this route . Call up the customizing transaction as follows: IMG Logistics Execution Shipping Basic Shipping Functions Routes Menu Path Define Routes Define Routes and Stages Tr. code / Table -/

Select R00001 then click on button

Double click on line Route Stages to see if there are any transportation connection points.

Appears to be empty, so the transfer is direct.

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.C) Vendor master data Call up the transaction as follows: Logistics Materials Management Purchasing Master Data Vendor Menu Path Purchasing Display (Current) Transaction Code MK03

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D) Price condition Call up the transaction as follows: Logistics Logistics Execution Master Data Transportation Shipment Menu Path Costs Prices Create Transaction Code TK11

Click on button

Selected second option and then button Enter agent, tariff zones, calculation T, than press <Enter>.

Select the item than click on button

(scales)

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Enter scales ID 3:

Shipment Costing v0

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Than entered the prices as above. This scale has the following meaning: from 0 Kg 30,00 euro / 100 Kg, from 500 KG 26,00 euro / 100 Kg etc. Click on button

Click on button . With all this data we are now well prepared for the test. E) G/L account Details of the G/L account /cost element 417200: Call up following transaction: Menu Path Accounting Financial Accounting General Ledger Master Records G/L Accounts Individual Processing Centrally Transaction Code FS00

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Click on tab Control Data:

Click on tab Create/bank/interest:

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Next click on button

to display the configuration of the cost element:

Click on button

to check its validity:

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RGL Consultancy dec. 2010 4) Process demonstration

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A) Create purchase order We start with creating the purchase order with which we will buy the freight services. Call up following transaction: Menu Path Logistics Materials Management Purchasing Purchase Order Create Vendor/Supplying Plant Known Transaction Code ME21N

Click on button

B) Create sales order Call up following transaction: Logistics Sales and Distribution Sales Order Create Menu Path Transaction Code VA01

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Select the line items and then click on button

Via the menu go to Header Shipping

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Go the menu and check for order completeness like below:

If ok then click on button

C) Create outbound delivery Call up the transaction as follows: Logistics Sales and Distribution Shipping and Transportation Outbound Menu Path Delivery Create Single Document With Reference to Sales Order Transaction Code VL01N

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Enter selection criteria and then click on button

Via the menu go to Header Shipment

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Click on button

D) Create shipment Call up the transaction as follows: Logistics Sales and Distribution Shipping and Transportation Shipment Menu Path Create Single Documents Transaction Code VT01N

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Click on button

Shipment Costing v0

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To keep the selection simple we enter our delivery no. as above. Then click on button

Next click on button

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Enter Fwd. agent and route, press enter, click on button

, next click on button

E) Create picking wave Call up the transaction as follows: Logistics Sales and Distribution Shipping and Transportation Picking Menu Path Wave Picks Create According to Shipment Transaction Code VL35_S

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Click on button

Click on button

F) Create transfer order Call up the transaction as follows: Logistics Sales and Distribution Shipping and Transportation Picking Menu Path Wave Picks Monitor Transaction Code VL37

Enter warehouse no. and pick wave(group) no. then click on button

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We also could have called this tx directly using Logistics Sales and Distribution Shipping and Transportation Picking Menu Path Create Transfer Order Collective Processing Transaction Code LT42 Click on button to continue.

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Select the line then click on button

The system shows the transfer order which has been created, and the no. of items it contains. Click on button

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Click on button

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Click on button

twice.

We see that the warehouse part is complete as the transfer order was confirmed in the step it was created. The picklist has been printed automatically. From the spool the standard SAP picklist can be displayed which for this case looks as follows:

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In case necessary we can make a reprint as follows:

Select the item than click on button

to verify that the pick process is complete.

Click on button

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Leave this tx by clicking on button

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G) Continue with shipment Call up the transaction as follows: Logistics Sales and Distribution Shipping and Transportation Shipment Menu Path Change Single Documents Transaction Code VT02N

Click on button

to simulate checking in of the truck driver.

Than continue by clicking on Loading Start and Loading End. At clicking on button and saving the shipment, the system will now post the goods issue of all deliveries contained in the shipment of which the TOs are confirmed.

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H) Create Shipment Cost Document Call up the transaction as follows: Logistics Logistics Execution Transportation Shipment Costs Menu Path Create Single Document Transaction Code VI01

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Press <enter> or click on button

Shipment Costing v0

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As can be seen the system has fully calculated the shipment costs and also determined the G/L account and cost centre automatically. Select the line item and then click on button

Note the item category which is 0002. Note further that the net values per delivery item, resp. 1,80 and 90,00, are in accordance with the price condition in paragraph 2D.

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The other tabs have the following info: Tab Tax:

Shipment Costing v0

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Tab Conditions:

Tab Settlement:

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Tab Service Procurement:

Tab Reference:

Go to the menu Item Account Assignment:

We can see that the customized G/L account and cost centre shown in par. 2E have been determined. At this point we could change these to other values. Click on button

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I) Transfer Shipment Costs to Accounting


Call up the transaction as follows: Logistics Logistics Execution Transportation Shipment Costs Menu Path Change Single Document Transaction Code VI02

Flag the field Transfer then click on button

This failed the first time, but after changing the delivery date in the PO from 30.12.2010 to 27.12.2010 the transfer succeeded. Display of the shipment document. Call up the transaction as follows: Logistics Logistics Execution Transportation Shipment Costs Menu Path Display Transaction Code VI03

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Double click on the PO no., then go on item level to tab Purchase Order History :

Click on the material document no.( 5000013698) then go to the financial document.

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J) Logistic invoice verification using ERS Call up the transaction as follows: Logistics Logistics Execution Transportation Shipment Costs Menu Path Freight Invoice Check Logistics Invoice Verification Automatic Settlement Evaluated Receipt Settlement (ERS) Transaction Code MRRL

Enter some selection criteria like company code, plant and vendor. One can run a test run first to check which purchase document(s) will be selected. Because once the execution is started the posting is done immediately. Click on button

The system has created an invoice, doc. 5105609720, and the FI posting, see doc. 5100000360. Click on the FI document.

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As can be seen, the carrier/vendor has been credited for his services. This last step completes this process from logistic point of view.

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