The Vocab Weekly

Conjecture

Conjecture A guess about something based on how it seems and not on proof! Sometimes people form an opinion about something, may be a person or a thing that is not based on facts. We simple infer a conclusion, just by guessing, this may be based on just having a glimpse of it. The most common mistake we do in our everyday life is we guess about a book, just by looking at the cover, and not actually flipping the pages which might actually change our opinion or decision drastically. These are all examples of conjectures we form in our everyday life. Pronunciation kuhn-jek-cher Meanings of Conjecture 1. The formation or expression of an opinion or theory without sufficient evidence for proof. 2. An opinion or theory so formed or expressed; guess; speculation. 3. To infer or arrive at (an opinion, conclusion, etc) from incomplete evidence Master Tip to Learn Conjecture Think of wrong decisions we made in life which were not actually based on facts, but were based on mere guess, and we regretted them later. Every decision or opinion in our mind is formed on some sort of speculation, and the foundation process for the same should be really strong. We can’t judge a person just by the cover, that is a seeing him or her. Conclusions about something have to be derived from evidences and facts and in this way we arrive at decisions that seem to be most logical one. So, the gist of this rambling explanation is: DO NOT BASE YOUR JUDGEMENTS ON CONJECTURES!

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Aug 16-Aug 23| Issue 43

The Vocab Weekly

Faux pas

Faux pas Nothing for us to say other than the fact that this is a blunder, an absolute and complete blunder. Meaning of Faux Pas 1. a slip or blunder in etiquette, manners, or conduct; an embarrassing social blunder or indiscretion. Pronunciation: fohpah

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The Vocab Weekly

Dubious You know how you know in instant about some people that their intentions are not right, still somehow you wait for time to give you the proof. These some people are of dubious characters. Its first usage dates back to 1548 and it is an adjective. Pronunciation: doo-bee-uhs, dyooMeanings for Dubious 1) Something characterised by doubt 2) Someone with questionable intentions 3) Doubt in outcome 4) Someone unsteady in opinion 5) Something/someone giving rise to uncertainty Master’s tip to learn Dubious Dubious can be learnt with the help of the word RubiusHagrid, the famous character in Harry Potter. However, in case you cannot picture him right now, just remember the huge man in Harry Potter whenever you come across the Dubious. Sentences example for Dubious 1) Troy is a man of dubious character. (Adjective) 2) I was well aware of the dubiousness of the situation, but I did it just for you. (Noun) 3) He dubiously went ahead with a dubious plan and as expected he failed. (Adverb)

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Aug 16-Aug 23| Issue 43

Inclement

The Vocab Weekly

Inclement Well it’s not the time to go out, as its inclement weather outside. Inclement is the term used for severe or rough weather outside. Primarily it is used for extremely cold weather and stormy weather, but it is interchangeably used for rough and unpleasant as well. This unpleasant weather is also known as the silence before the storm that is yet to arrive at the door. So one should not move out in such weather and get entangled with it, rather people should wait in their habitat, so that weather may come down to normal state. Inclement is also used in context of human behavior, and is used for people who have rash and rude behavior. Pronunciation: in-klem-uhnt Meanings of Inclement 1. Describes weather which is unpleasant, especially cold or stormy 2. Severe, rough, or harsh; stormy. 3. Used of persons or behavior; showing no clemency or mercy Master’s tip to learn Inclement Think of an event when weather acted as a hurdle, and restricted you from any kind of enjoyment that you would had by visiting outside, but couldn’t do so because nature intervened in between. Sentence examples for Inclement 1. In the case of very inclement weather we will rearrange the event for Thursday, 15 June.

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Aug 16-Aug 23| Issue 43

Perverse

The Vocab Weekly

Perverse All of us go through a phase where we are determined to go against everything that is labelled right. The reason could be anything and also that rebelling at one age without cause is always considered cool. Its first known usage dates back to 14th century and its an adjective. Pronunciation: per-vurs Meanings of Perverse 1) Someone averse to something right 2) Someone stubborn enough to always oppose the right 3) Someone characterised by an irritable nature 4) shocking/indecent and offensive Master’s tip to learn Perverse Perverse can easily be learnt by associating it with the word averse, as these two sound similar to some extent. Also, as perverse means always supporting the wrong, then it means that the person is averse to right .i.e. unwilling to support the right. Sentence example for Perverse 1) They were jailed for their perverse conduct. (Adjective)

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Aug 16-Aug 23| Issue 43

The Vocab Weekly

Silhouette

Silhouette As a child you must have been sacred of dark figures. The picture that comes to mind with the word is that of a figure in a flowing gown, cigarette in hand and smoke from mouth walking across, outside the windows in a cold night. The interesting part for this word is that it can be used as both Noun and Verb. First known usage of silhouette dates back to 1783 and its origin is credited to the short existence of a French controller Etienne de Silhouette in 1767. Pronunciation: sil-oo-et The dictionary definitions for silhouette are as follows: As a Noun 1) The outline/ shape of an object or a person 2) A dark image against a light background. As a Verb with an object 1) To show in a silhouette 2) To Project .i.e. to cause to appear as a silhouette Master tip to learn Silhouette: As silhouette is pronounced (sil-oo-et) it can easily be associated with the word Sylvette, which is basically a name. Sylvette can also be remembers easily as title of the portrait of a young girl that was brushed on the canvas by Pablo Picasso.

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Aug 16-Aug 23| Issue 43

Turbulent

The Vocab Weekly

Turbulent Gujarat riots were one such turbulence in India that even coming generations will not forget about it. It was carnage as described by the media. Gujarat was in a turbulent state at that time and now too, especially when Gujarat riots are mentioned. It is an adjective. Its first usage dates back to 1538 and has its roots in Latin word turbulentus, which has originated from the word turba, which means confusion. Pronunciation: tur-byuh-luhnt Meanings for Turbulent 1) Someone in a disturbed state of mind 2) Something that is characterized by disturbance and unrest .e.g. turbulent waves or turbulent period in time 3) Unruly .i.e. uncontrollable disturbances or uncontrollable crowds Master’s tip to learn Turbulent Turbulent can be easily learnt with the help of two words .i.e. argument and tournament, as these three words sound alike to a large extent. Further, to relate the words more logically, we can say that the argument was the cause of turbulence or argument turned turbulent in no time. Sentences examples for Turbulent 1) He was in a turbulent state of mind. (Adjective) 2) 2012 is going to be the most turbulent period in the history of mankind. (Adjective)

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Aug 16-Aug 23| Issue 43

The Vocab Weekly

Work Out Zone
Work Out 1: Match the following words with their respective meanings or synonyms. Word 1 Conjecture 2 Faux pas 3 Dubious 4 Inclement 5 Perverse 6 silhouette 7 Turbulent Meaning or Synonym A harsh B guesswork C contour D destructive E blunder F Bad tempered G improbable

Work Out 2: Did you really understand the word? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. His conjectures helped him reach home. Social events must have some faux pas. Dubious agents are always trustworthy. Inclement weather inhibits transport. Employees with perverse conduct are rewarded. The silhouette of sunset was extremely beautiful. Storms cause turbulence in seas. yes yes yes yes yes yes yes no no no no no no no

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The Vocab Weekly

Answers: Work Out Zone
Work Out 1 1-B, 2-E, 3-G, 4-A, 5-F, 6-C, 7-D Work Out 2 1-yes, 2-no, 3-no, 4-yes, 5-no, 6-yes, 7-yes

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