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Dadasaheb Phalke Award

Devika Rani Chaudhuri Roerich-1969 Soumitra Chatterjee-2011

FIFA Motto-For the Game, For the World. Headquarters- Zurich, Switzerland Official languages- English, French, German, Spanish President- Sepp Blatter (4th term) Winner 2010 South Africa- Spain Olympic Games

The Olympic symbol, better known as the Olympic rings, consists of five intertwined rings and represents the unity of the five inhabited continents (America, Africa, Asia, Australasia, Europe). The colored version of the ringsblue, yellow, black, green, and redover a white field forms the Olympic flag. These colors were chosen because every nation had at least one of them on its national flag. The flag was adopted in 1914 but flown for the first time only at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium. It has since been hoisted during each celebration of the Games. The Olympic motto is Citius, Altius, Fortius, a Latin expression meaning "Faster, Higher, Stronger". Coubertin's ideals are further expressed in the Olympic creed.

Fitch, on Monday (18-JUN-2012), scaled down Indias sovereign credit outlook to negative from stable while citing much the same reasons as S&P corruption and the absence of or inadequate reforms. First battle of Panipat b/w Babar(Founder of Mughal rule in India) & Ibrahim Lodi on April 21,1526 Babur First to use Artillery & Gun powder in India Tuzuk-i-Baburi autobiography by Babur Gulbadan begum Humayunama (Biography of Humayun-son of Babur) New Delhi-Purana kila Sher Shah

OLYMPIC-2012
Vijay Kumar Gagan Narang Saina Nehwal Shooting-Silver medal in the men's 25m Rapid Fire Pistol event at the Olympic. Shooting-Bronze for India in 10m air rifle Badminton-Bronze for India in singles badminton match at the London 2012 Olympic Games at the Wembley Arena. Wrestling-Bronze medal

Yogeshwar Dutt

MC Mary Kom Boxing(51Kg)-Bronze Total number of athletes 83 in London Olympic-2012 London hosted the Olympic Games in 1908 and 1948, and is hosting a third in 2012. The 2012 Summer Olympics make London the first city to have hosted the modern Games of three Olympiads. London is the only city in the United Kingdom to have ever hosted the Olympics; the United States is the only

country to have hosted Summer Olympics on more occasions than the UK. Motto Olympic -2016 Inspire a Generation Host city- Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Cabinet sets base price at Rs 14,000 crore, while TRAI was recommending the reserve price at Rs 18,000 crores, 10 times that of 2008

GAAR:
GAAR Abbreviation
GAAR abbreviation stands for general-anti-avoidance rules and it has been introduced in India due to VODAFONE case ruling in favour of this company by the Supreme Court. The new rules will come into effect from 01 April, 2012.

GAAR Implications in India

Indian Government is trying to give powers to income tax authorities as implementation of GAAR provides tremendous powers to deny tax benefit to an entity if a transaction has been carried with the sole intention of tax avoidance. Due to powers in the hand of taxmen, now innocents may be harassed by them. FII & FDI money coming to India through Mauritius route will now become taxable. Increased litigations.

GAAR Worst Scenario


The onus lies on the assesse to prove that there is no tax benefit and the transaction is not an avoidance transaction.

GAAR Example
To make it easier to understand GAAR; we can say that suppose a person or a company is setting up business in Gulf Country and its clear intention is to claim exemption from capital gains tax, in such a scenario Indian govt has the right to deny the legitimate claim for exemption provided under DTAA as it falls under tax avoidance and Indian govt is trying to plug the loopholes.

COCOA:There were 3.54 million tonnes of cocoa beans produced in the 20082009 growing year (which runs [11] (October through September ). Of this total, African nations produced 2.45 million tonnes (69%), Asia
[10]

and Oceania produced 0.61 million tonnes (17%) and the Americas produced 0.48 million tonnes [10] (14%). Two African nations, Cte d'Ivoire and Ghana, produce more than half of the world's cocoa, with [10] 1.23 and 0.73 million tonnes respectively (35% and 21%, respectively). The largest cocoa beanproducing countries in the world are as follows.

Country

Amount produced

Percentage of world production

Cte d'Ivoire 1.23 million tons

34.7%

Ghana

730 thousand tons

20.6%

Indonesia

490 thousand tons

13.8%

Cameroon

210 thousand tons

5.9%

Nigeria

210 thousand tons

5.9%

Brazil

165 thousand tons

4.7%

Ecuador

130 thousand tons

3.7%

Malaysia

32 thousand tons

0.9%

Election Commissioner-2012 Vice President

Syed Nasim Ahmad Zaidi Hamid Ansari-2nd term{this is second time(after Dr. Radhakrishnan) when vice-president is reelected} Cyclones: are huge revolving storms caused by winds blowing around a central area of low atmospheric pressure. In the northern hemisphere, cyclones are called hurricanes or typhoons and their winds blow in an anti-clockwise circle. In the southern hemisphere, these tropical storms are known as cyclones, whose winds blow in a clockwise circle. Anticyclones: are areas of high pressure. In the northern hemisphere the wind blows clockwise around the centre of the high.

Cyclones and Anticyclones


Cyclones are areas of low pressure. Cyclones usually exhibit nearly circular isobars. If isobars are oblong or elongate with the lowest pressure near the center we call

themtroughs. As air enters an area of low pressure from all directions, the Coriolis effect bends the direction of the wind to the right of its path. This creates a counterclockwise rotation around the low and convergence near the center of the system. As the air collides near the center it is forced aloft where divergence takes air away from the center of the system. The upper-level divergence is necessary for the system to be maintained as an area of low pressure. Without the divergence, the system would fill with air and the horizontal pressure differences would be equalized causing the system to dissipate. Anticyclones are areas of high pressure that exhibit nearly circular isobars. If isobars are oblong or elongate with the highest pressure near the center we call themridges. For high pressure areas, air descends toward the surface due to convergence aloft. As the air nears the surface it is forced outward (divergence) from the center. The Coriolis effect bends the air to the right of its path creating a clockwise rotation around the high.

Figure 6.12 Circulation within a low pressure system in the Northern Hemisphere

Figure 6.13 Circulation within a high pressure system in the Northern Hemisphere

Figure 6.14 Cyclone in the Southern Hemisphere


(Click image to enlarge)

Because the Coriolis effect works in the opposite direction in the Southern Hemisphere, circulation around lows are clockwise and inward toward the center at the surface and highs exhibit a diverging, counterclockwise rotation. You can see this effect in the cloud pattern created by a cyclone in the Southern Hemisphere.

Zanzibar in Tanzania, was the world's largest producer of cloves, but now Indonesia is the largest producer of cloves, followed by Madagascar, Zanzibar, India and Sri Lanka. While Indias new capital city was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, Sir Herbert Baker was responsible for designing the Parliament House. These two renowned British architects were responsible also for the planning and construction of Indias capital city. The construction of the building took six years and was executed by the Central Public Works Department (CPWD) under the supervision of Chief Engineers, Sir Hugh Keeling and Sir Alexander Rouse. The cost of its construction, at that time, was Rs. 83 lakh.

The opening ceremony of the Parliament House the then Council House-was performed on 18 January 1927 by the then Governor-General of India, Lord Irwin. The Third Central Legislative Assembly was the first to meet in this historic building on 19 January 1927. Prior to this, the Central Legislative Assembly and its predecessor, i.e., the Legislative Council used to meet in the Old Secretariat building which now houses the present Delhi Legislative Assembly. (The Legislative Council first met in Delhi in that building on 27 January 1913. Before that, the Council used to meet at the Government House in Calcutta.) Ellora also known as Ellooru, is an archaeological site, 29 km North-West of the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra built by the Rashtrakuta dynasty. Well known for its monumental caves, Ellora is a World Heritage Site The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India are 30 rock-cut cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to the 600 CE(Satavahana dynasty).

1. Which one of the following silsilas of Sufism was against music ? (A) Chishtiya (B) Suhrawardiya (C) Qadiriya (D) Naqshbandiya Answer: Naqshbandiya 2. Late Dr. M. S. Subbulakshmi distinguished herself in the field of (A) Kathak (B) Bharatnatyam (C) Playing violin (D) Vocal music Answer: Vocal music 3. 'Din-i-Ilahi' was founded by (A) Guru Nanak Dev (B) Kabir (C) Akbar (D) Shahjahan Answer: Akbar 4. Which of the following performing arts is associated with Sumyukta Panigrahi ? (A) Painting (B) Violin (C) Dance (D) Sports Answer: Dance 5. Who was the most distinguished Hindi poet of Akbar's Court ? (A) Birbal (B) Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khana (C) Raja Bhagwan Dass (D) Raja Man Singh Answer: Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khana

6. Which one of the following Mughal emperors donated land for the construction of the golden Temple at

Amritsar ? (A) Akbar (B) Humayun (C) Jahangir (D) Shahjahan Answer: Akbar 7. Who among the following, destroyed the group of Forty Nobles ? (A) Baharam Shah (B) Iltutmish (C) Sultan Razia (D) Balban Answer: Balban 8. The Mathura school of Art was influenced by (A) Amaravati school of Art (B) Bodh Gaya school of Art (C) Roman school of Art (D) Gandhara school of Art Answer: Gandhara school of Art 9. Which one of the following has been the main feature of the South Indian temple architecture ? (A) Sikhara (B) Gopuram (C) Vimana (D) Mandapa Answer: Gopuram 10. The famous Brihadeeswara temple in Tanjore was built by (A) Pallavas (B) Cholas (C) Pandyas (D) Chalukyas Answer: Cholas 11. The famous Jain scholar Hemachandra was patronized by (A) Amogha Varsha (B) Chandragupta Maurya (C) Dharmapala (D) Kumarapala Chalukya Answer: Kumarapala Chalukya 12. Which one of following is not a source of information for the early history of the Aryans in India ? (A) Vedas (B) Brahmanas (C) Smritis (D) Upanishads Answer: Smritis 13. Amir Khusrau was the famous poet in the Court of (A) Akbar

(B) Shahjahan (C) Ibrahim Lodhi (D) Alauddin Khalji Answer: Alauddin Khalji 14. Which one of the Chola Kings conquered Ceylon ? (A) Aditya I (B) Rajaraja I (C) Rajendra (D) Vijayalaya Answer: Rajendra

15. Who among the following presided over the Buddhist Council held during the reign of Kanishka at Kashmir ? (A) Parsva (B) Nagarjuna (C) Sudraka (D) Vasumitra Answer: Vasumitra 16. Which one of the following animals was not represented on the seals and terracotta art of the Harappan culture ? (A) Coco (B) Elephant (C) Rhinoceros (D) Tiger Answer: Coco 17. Hoysala monuments are found in : (A) Hampi and Hospet (B) Halebid and Belur (C) Mysore and Bengalore (D) Sringeri and Dharwar Answer: Halebid and Belur 18. Who among the following Indian rulers established embassies in foreign countries on modern lines ? (A) Haider Ali (B) Mir Qasim (C) Shah Alam II (D) Tipu Sultan Answer: Tipu Sultan 19. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched ? (A) India's first technicolour filmJhansi Ki Rani (B) India's first 3-D filmMy Dear Kuttichathan (C) India's first insured filmTaal (D) India's first actress to win the Bharat RatnaMeena Kumari See Answer:

20. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq's experiment of introducing token currency failed on account of the (A) Rejection of token coins for purchases by foreign merchants (B) Melting of token coins (C) Large scale minting of spurious coins (D) Poor quality of token currency Answer: Large scale minting of spurious coins

1. Hoysala monuments are found in Hampi and Hospet Halebid and Belur Mysore and Bangalore Sringeri and Dharwar

2. Which one of the following Muslim rulers was hailed as the 'Jagadguru' by his Muslim subjects because of his belief in secularism? Husain Shah Zain-ul-Abidin Ibrahim Adil Shah Mahmud II

3. 'Abinava Bharat' a secret society of revolutionaries was organised by Khudiram Bose V.D. Savarkar Prafulla Chaki Bhagat Singh

4. The redical wing of the Congress Party with Jawaharlal Nehru as one of its main leaders, founded the 'Independence for India League' in opposition to the Gandhi-Irwch Pact the Home Rule Movement the Nehru Report the Montford reforms

5. According to Mimamsa system of philosophy liberation is possible by means of Jnana bhakti yoga karma

6. Who among the following anticipated Newton by declaring that all things gravitate to the earth ? Aryabhata

Varahamihira Buddhagupta Brahmagupta

7. With reference to Sufism in Indian history, consider the following statements : Shaikh Ahmad Sarhandi was a contemporary of Ibrahim Lodi. Shaikh Nasiruddin Chirg-I-Dehlavi was disciple of Shaikh Nizamuddin Auliya. Aurangzeb was a contemporary of Shaikh Salim Chisti. The Qadiri order of Sufis was first introduced in India by Shaikh Niamtullah and Makhdum Muhammad Jilani.

8. The following persons came to India at one time or another. 1. Fa-Hien 2. I-Tsing 3. Megasthenese 4. Hieun-Tsang The correct chronological sequence of their visits is 3, 1, 2, 4 3, 1, 4, 2 1, 3, 2, 4 1, 3, 4, 2

9. The first feature film (talkie) to be produced in India was Hatimtai Alam Ara Pundalik Raja Harishchandra

10. There was no independent development of industries in India during British rule because of the absence of heavy industries scarcity of foreign capital

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