[ Infanta, Quezon

Mangrove Preservation and Ecotourism Park ]
Site Inventory: The Social and Legal Environment
Submitted by: Enriquez, Kriszia Lorrain Marquez, Armi Gascon, Raymond Tuazon, Paolo Submitted to: Prof. Mark Anthony M. Morales, Ar., EnP.

Plan 231 Site Planning UP-SURP, AY 2012-2013

Ninety four percent (94%) of the households are already energized and connected to Quezon II Electric Cooperative. and therefore they fish only in the municipal waters and nearby estuary. In terms of sanitation. which is then collected by the local government. Social Environment The project site is located in Barangay Binonoan. 190 households are doing waste segregation. For source of potable water. 2011) There are 80 houses that are situated along riverbanks and irrigation canals and close to mangroves. which is sourced out. Women are especially engaged in collecting shelled mollusks such as snails.653. which are engaged in farming. Some practice aquaculture production. It has a relatively large number of dependents. 2011) making it as one of the major wine-producing barangays in the municipality. water-sealed. There are some. There are a relative large number of households that use mainly charcoal and wood as fuel for cooking. Majority or 222 of the households have their own. Others still practice burning. kerosene and electric gas. is 18. Those who are in farming are specifically engaged in activities such as rice farming. however that have alternative source of fuel to charcoal and wood such as LPG. 2011) Majority of employed population are in the primary sector. 2011).22 hectares (Infanta FLUP. Most of the fisherfolks in the barangay are considered marginal fishers. 2011). AY 2012-2013 . putting in open pit or just throwing anywhere. an estuarine classified barangay of Infanta. classified as open-access of 14. With regard to disposal of solid and domestic waste. from the nearby mangrove area.74 hectares (Infanta FLUP. The barangay has a total area for nipa. shrimps. fishing and animal-raising. Based on the latest census of population conducted by the local government. with 813 males and 840 females (BMIS. 114 1 Plan 231 Site Planning UP-SURP. Quezon Mangrove Preservation and Ecotourism Park I. sewage/septic tank. The total area being used for fishponds. which supplies crabs. tilapia and milkfish to the local market. (BMIS. both with and without FLA. only four (4) households in the barangay do not have toilet.Infanta. especially population below 15 years old totaling to 549. nipa sap collection for lambanog. the barangay has a total population of 1. (BMIS. and nipa shingles making. while others practice composting.

The site is located within forest zone. specifically within mangrove area. Legal Environment Barangay Binonoan has a total land area of 604 hectares.052 sq. (BMIS. km. 2011) II. The actual area to be developed initially as part of the Mangrove Preservation and Ecotourism Park is . classified forestlands and 306 hectares are Alienable and Disposable (Infanta FLUP. in which 298 hectares are.Infanta. development and management of the site and of the resources within and surrounding it. Hence. 2011). (still has to be revalidated) Project Site Aquasilviculture Project Site. Quezon Mangrove Preservation and Ecotourism Park households are connected to the Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA). it is imperative to have a legal tenurial instrument such as the Community-based Forest Management Agreement (CBFMA) to facilitate utilization. making it subject to government rules and regulations.8 hectares CBFMA-covered area of Binonoan Producers’ Cooperative (BIPCO). while the remaining households get their water from deep and dug wells. AY 2012-2013 . 2 Plan 231 Site Planning UP-SURP. The project site is within the 17.

(BIPCO Powerpoint Presentation. utilize and manage specific portions of forest lands as stipulated under DAO No. 96-29 (DENRForestry website. CBFMA is a production sharing agreement between the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) and the participating people’s organization for a period of 25 years renewable for another 25 years and shall provide tenurial security and incentives to develop. 2012) BIPCO is one of the existing cooperatives in Infanta. they themselves will join hands to protect and manage the very source of their livelihood.Infanta. it is in line with the government’s belief that by addressing the needs of local communities. (DENR Primer on CBFM). Moreover. with a total member of 26 families all coming from Brgy. Its goal is to promote sustainable development of mangrove ecosystem and to develop livelihood opportunities for its members and constituents. The CBFMA was granted to BIPCO on November 6. 2003. The issuance of CBFM is anchored on “people first and sustainable forestry will follow” principle. AY 2012-2013 . Quezon Mangrove Preservation and Ecotourism Park BIPCO-CBFMA BIPCO is a registered cooperative to Cooperative Development Authority (CDA). Quezon that is committed to preserve the municipality’s best asset – the mangrove forest ecosystem. Binonoan. 2012). 3 Plan 231 Site Planning UP-SURP.

management aspect are the following: • • • • • • Approved management plan Functional management of tenure Budget plan for implementation Property rights arrangement Year-round protection activities Compliance with policies and • • • • • • Functioning M&E systems Non-forest based livelihood Conflict resolution mechanism External linkages Forest production system Participation of women The criteria or regulations in the tenure BIPCO has continuously implemented activities to manage.Infanta. and Strong partnership among local communities and the DENR As mentioned. The “bakawan” of BIPCO are the oldest mangrove trees in Infanta ranging between one to 30 years old. CBFMA is renewable for another 25 years. These include reforestration of mangrove and nipa areas (BIPCO Powerpoint Presentation. preserve and sustain the benefits derived from mangroves. Quezon Mangrove Preservation and Ecotourism Park CBFMA goals include promoting: • • • Sustainable management of forest resources Social justice and improved well-being of local communities. yet it is dependent upon successful assessment of tenure management provided by the DENR. 4 Plan 231 Site Planning UP-SURP. 2012). AY 2012-2013 .

Infanta. Serving fresh steamed crabs harvested from the aquasilviculture system is one of the attractions the area could offer to tourists. The system helps in providing alternative livelihood to fisherfolk while instilling in them the value of protection and maintenance of the ecosytem. Aquasilviculture is an environment-friendly aquaculture system that promotes the harmonious co-existence between fishery species and mangrove trees in a semi-enclosed system. Quezon Mangrove Preservation and Ecotourism Park BIPCO also practices aquasilviculture to grow and culture crabs. shrimps and fish species. AY 2012-2013 . (BFAR) Aquasilviculture system of BIPCO. 1 Plan 231 Site Planning UP-SURP. .

2 Plan 231 Site Planning UP-SURP. they do activities like rice farming and animal-raising to supplement their livelihood. In terms of socio-economic status. Moreover. members of BIPCO are also involved in producing nipa palm-based products such as lambanog which is made out of nipa sap. Quezon Mangrove Preservation and Ecotourism Park Aside from this. vinegar and nipa jam. Nipa trees where BIPCO members obtain the sap for their lambanog and vinegar production.Infanta. they have been into selling of mangrove sprouts or seedlings to DENR for its mangrove reforstation projects. AY 2012-2013 . As one sources of income. the sprouts of “bakawan” are being harvested and sold to other areas for mangrove reforestation. the members of BIPCO range from low income to middle income households. Recently.

2.Infanta. This group of people may come from various institutions . Further. With this experience. Quezon Mangrove Preservation and Ecotourism Park Profile of the Target Clientele and their Needs The Mangrove Preservation and Ecotourism Park is envisioned to be an area for recreation and education. it will provide services that cater to both needs. The target clienteles of the project are divided into three (3) main groups as follows: 1. this also serves as recreational activity to students by way of nature tripping.private and public. Similarly. College students and members of the academe also belong to this group. A part of their curricula for environmental science. There are also a number of large bats that live in the canopies and other wildlifes which they can have an encounter with and admire to. Likewise. there will be a need for educational areas that are interesting and probably interactive. Scientists and researchers. but this group may have different needs that must be considered when planning the site. which could provide personal and a close-encounter experience to the mangrove forests and to the ecosystem that it supports. 3 Plan 231 Site Planning UP-SURP. It is during these school levels where students are generally introduced to concepts related to environmental science and environmental awareness. As such. In order to keep the students’ attention. there should be an area where entry of other groups shall be restricted. and therefore. Students belonging to Grades 5 & 6 up to 1st to 4th year high school. students will learn the interrelationships and interdependencies of organisms with their environment as well as the important ecological function of this ecosystem. where they can peacefully and quitely observe the organisms in the mangrove ecosystem. they might need a sheltered area. this group might need access such as banca or canoe in order to explore and study the deeper parts of the area. There is also a greater need for secured facilities and areas to ensure the students’ safety while inside the park. They may have the same purposes and intents in visiting the site like to contribute in knowledge building. local and international. for instance. and facilitate movements within the area. AY 2012-2013 . its target clienteles will be segmentized to ensure appropriateness and responsiveness of the services that it will be providing. thereby raising their awareness and environmental concerns. They may also come in groups or individuals. For instance. can be a field visit to the site.

respectively. Transportation and Utility Services The target receiving area leading to the site is seven (7) kilometers away from the Municipal Building/Hall. but it will take time to finally resolve this issue. AY 2012-2013 . It cannot accommodate large vehicles. One would be to undertake clearing operations and probably widening of roads. This group includes local and international tourist who come to the place to enjoy nature and its surrounding environment and engage in ecotourism activities such as wildlife watching. the distance of BIPCO site from the holding area is more or less one (1) kilometer and presently. a tourist riding the tricycle can somehow have an experience of people’s way of life.Infanta. then a jeepney or a van can transport them directly to the reception area. another option is for the local government to actively engage its transportation sector and organize them to provide the necessary services such as the Tricycle Operators and Drivers Association and the Public Utility Van and Jeepney Operators. There are options that can be undertaken to provide accessibility and adequate transportation services to the receiving area. However. there is no power or electricity on the site connecting from the power lines. Local and international recreational tourists. Indeed. As of now. particularly buses. Therefore. it is important to settle this up. It can be accessed by land travel via national road and barangay road. and other similar activities. the existing road leading to it is accessible only to small and light vehicles. this can be accessed only by boat. In addition. On the other hand. these 4 Plan 231 Site Planning UP-SURP. it is important that tricycles be part of the transportation services because these are part of life in Infanta. the latter would entail a huge amount of financial resources on the part of the local government. Quezon Mangrove Preservation and Ecotourism Park 3. Potable water source within the site is also currently not available as well as the sewerage system. safe and eco-friendly mode of transportation to ferry the tourist from the receiving area to the actual site is vitally important. However. it will deal with the issue of easement encroachment of some private houses. Yet. especially near the mangrove areas where BIPCO is located. With this. an efficient. If it is a group. kayaking or boating. However. These concerns are apparently a primary requirement to provide utility services to the target market population. game fishing. The mode of transportation is tricycle which plies to & fro the area on a regular basis. Thus.

Quezon Mangrove Preservation and Ecotourism Park can be easily remedied. There is a need however to improve the existing levees to facilitate safe and comfortable walking within the area.Infanta. AY 2012-2013 . as the project site has good reception for most major mobile networks. During high tides. some segments are submerged into water making them impassable. 5 Plan 231 Site Planning UP-SURP. Mobile phone signals are also not a problem. The “pilapil” or levees surrounding the fishpond areas serves as the primary road to walk around the area. since it is possible to connect the whole project site to main utility lines through the initiative and infrastructure development support of the municipal government. and probably install pathways or boardwalks that are adaptive to ebb and flow of water.