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garbage generation, collection and disposal
Garbage Facts g
We keep creating more garbage. Each person produces about 7 pounds of garbage and recyclables each day at home, at work or school. The metro area’s growth rate is h k h l Th ’ h i 7%, but garbage is growing at 22%. In 2010, Ramsey County created over 625,000 tons of In 2010 Ramsey County created over 625 000 tons of garbage and recyclables. That amount would fill a line of garbage trucks stretching from Saint Paul, Minnesota to Indianapolis, Indiana.
A Quick Peek..
• Garbage, trash, waste, refuse, rubbish, solid waste Garbage, trash, waste, refuse, rubbish, solid waste ‐ it’s all the same with a different name! • Garbage comes from many sources and activities Garbage comes from many sources and activities, both at home and at work. • Wh t What are the different types of garbage and th diff tt f b d where does it go?
Garbage* is classified into a few basic categories, defined in state and federal regulations: g
Residential from homes Commercial mostly from businesses mostly from businesses Industrial from manufacturing Construction & Demolition from all of the above
Municipal solid waste, industrial waste, construction waste and demolition waste are all defined in state and federal regulations.
* Garbage or trash is often referred to as “solid waste”. Solid waste is basically non‐liquid, non‐hazardous garbage.
Once we own something, eventually it will need to be discarded. We throw a lot of stuff away!
Something to think about…
Where does all the garbage go? Can we rethink buying stuff and creatively reduce our waste? C h kb ff d l d ? Can our discards be useful?
What happens to the garbage after it the garbage after it is emptied into the garbage truck? Residential Garbage Day Most people use these containers to get rid of the garbage created in p p g g g their home. . Individuals or communities will hire a garbage hauler to empty carts and cans set out in the alley or by the curb.
Scales Trucks are weighed because the hauler is charged by the ton to get rid of the material. are h l h k f l d ll b k weighed at transfer stations. The trucks. transfer trailers and small garbage trucks. .Trucks loaded with garbage b “weigh in” and “weigh out” on huge scales. resource recovery facilities or landfills.
Lots of garbage goes directly to transfer stations.Transfer stations can be a good way to reduce truck traffic on highways and highways and increase the efficiency of hauling garbage. Transfer Stations A transfer station is a place where garbage trucks may go to unload and consolidate the garbage. .
garbage is tipped* from the truck into a huge storage shed.Tipping At resource recovery facilities and transfer stations. From there. *emptied . the garbage is pushed by a front‐end loader or a bulldozer into the top of a trailer (sometimes called a transfer trailer or tractor trailer).
h l l d . The Ramsey – Washington Resource Recovery Facility is located in Newport. Minnesota.Ramsey – Washington Resource Recovery Facility Some garbage trucks haul to a resource recovery facility.
pushed onto a conveyor and put through a series p g of shredders and sorters. Conveyor . it’s hauled to power plants.At the resource recovery facility. garbage is f ilit b i emptied from the truck. Next. and used as fuel to create electricity.
. 32% of the garbage from the County was converted to electricity about 200. That fuel is burned to produce electricity. The energy converted to electricity ‐ about 200.000 tons. • In 2010.Waste‐to‐Energy Fact gy • Ramsey County is served by a resource recovery facility y y y y y that converts garbage to a fuel.500 homes each year. The energy is used to power about 12.000 tons.
a small garbage k h b l df ll f l df ll l ll b truck may unload there instead of a transfer station. directly from the source (the the source (the generator) or a transfer station.Some garbage may be y delivered to a landfill. transfer trailers or other types of haulers may take their garbage to a landfill. If a landfill is closer. Landfill Some garbage trucks. .
Working Face Garbage from trucks is unloaded at the working face of a landfill. .
10% of the garbage from the Ramsey County was delivered went directly to landfills in Iowa and Wisconsin.000 tons of the garbage from the Ramsey County went to landfills. it has not been processed. In 1995 that amount was less than 97. *If garbage goes directly to a landfill.000 tons.Garbage Facts g • The amount of garbage sent directly to landfills* from The amount of garbage sent directly to landfills from Ramsey County has been on the increase: in 2010 about 140. to landfills In 1995 that amount was less than 97 000 tons • In 2010. d l d d l l df ll d 7% went directly to landfills in Minnesota. .
What about… Wh t b t Compostable items Yard waste .
fruit scraps.Compostables are vegetable peelings. small bits of paper towel and napkin and other organic items that break g down naturally. tea leaves. coffee l ff grounds. Compostables .
Home Composting Fruit and vegetable scraps. leaves and grass can be composted at home. You may never have to throw them in your trash can! h h h h .
Yard Waste . grass and other d h soft‐bodied garden waste.Yard waste includes leaves.
weeds and other soft‐bodied plant materials can be dropped at local yard waste sites where they are turned l b d d l l d h h d into compost. leaves. Each spring Ramsey County residents can get fresh compost from these sites! .Compost In Ramsey County. grass.
. These materials are chipped into mulch for landscaping or fuel for power plants. Some communities may offer brush chipping opportunities for residents.Brush and Woody Materials Brush and woody materials are collected at four Ramsey County sites.
500 cubic yards (equal clippings to be composted and 150 500 cubic yards (equal to 25.000 tons is roughly equivalent to 4.Yard Waste Fact • In 2010.000 tons) of leaves and grass clippings to be composted and 150.3 million visitors to the Ramsey County yard waste sites! The visitors have delivered over 800.000 visitors used Ramsey County’s . *800. there have been over 7. . grass and brush. . y y seven yard waste sites.000 tons) of brush! • Since 1991.000 tons of leaves grass and brush delivered over 800 000* tons of leaves.500 cubic yards (equal to about 43. and delivered over 109. over 407.5 fully loaded airplanes.
What about… Wh t b t Electronics .
CD players. coffee‐pots. TVs. laptops. monitors (CRTs*). automatic shut‐off irons. phones. b d l d ) l d *Central Processing Unit (CPU) and Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) .Electronics are increasingly being recycled. VCRs. Electronics The electronics are taken apart and many of the components (glass. and game systems. boom automatic shut‐off irons coffee‐pots crock‐pots and curlers boom boxes. DVDs. stereos. crock‐pots and curlers. circuit boards. plastic case and wires) are recycled. They include computers (CPUs*).
Recycle your electronics at a local collection events or an electronics recycling business. Electronics .Electronics contain lead and contain lead and other toxic materials.
What about… Wh t b t Household hazardous waste Sharps Medicine .
pool and spa chemicals. . liquid paint. and some hobby supplies.Household Hazardous Waste (HHW) HHW includes used motor oil. pesticides. propane tanks. mercury thermostats. lawn chemicals. k l d l d ld l mercury fever thermometers. oil filters. some cleaning products. old gasoline. wood preservatives. fluorescent lights.
Household Hazardous Waste (HHW) HHW should be taken to a facility in Ramsey County for proper disposal. HHW should not be mixed with garbage or poured in the street or into the soil. h ld b i d ih b di h i h il .
. needles and lancets. Your local clinic or pharmacy may also take them dl dl l l l h l k h back.Sharps (needles) Ramsey County’s household hazardous waste facility accepts sharps.
Medicine (pharmaceuticals) Unwanted and unused medicines should be disposed of in the trash. d h ld b l d d . Medicines should be altered to discourage consumption.
338. • Since 1991. the majority of the latex paint brought to the sites have been recycled into paint and other useful coating products.000 households used the Ramsey County household hazardous waste sites. • Since 1999 the majority of the latex paint brought to the Since 1999.Household Hazardous Waste Facts Household Hazardous Waste Facts • In 2010 over 25 000 households used the Ramsey County In 2010. .900 households have visited the household hazardous waste sites and have delivered 700 tons of material. over 25.
What about… Wh t b t Recyclables .
cracker.Recyclables that that are collected vary from community to community. like cereal. aluminum cans. . Recyclables Common recyclables include glass jars & bottles. cake mix or fruit snack boxes. old mail. aluminum cans metal food cans newspaper cardboard office paper boxboard. and in some areas. plastic bottles. office paper. magazines and fabric. newspaper. cardboard. metal food cans.
Some materials are baled. . These bales are sold and shipped to manufacturers who use the recyclables to make new products. They maybe processed at materials recovery facilities or MRFs (pronounced maybe processed at materials recovery facilities or MRFs (pronounced “murfs”).Recyclables Recyclables are picked up from the curb or from drop‐off centers.
Even though. . it has created 8. it hasn’t grown as much as amount of garbage produced. In Minnesota. If you add in source reduction and yard waste recycling.48 billion of economic activity each year.Recycling Facts Recycling Facts • Recycling works! 49 % of Ramsey County’s waste was y g y y recycled in 2010. and generates about $3. the amount of recycling has increased slightly each year. we recycle 54%! • Unfortunately. the recycling trend is flat. each year.000 others. h ’t h t f b d d • Recycling is an important part of our economy. affects 19. In Recycling is an important part of our economy.700 jobs.
What about… Wh t b t Bulky items .
box springs. bed frames. old plumbing fixtures.Bulky Waste Bulky waste includes carpet. desks. mattresses. sofas. . chairs. and shelving. dining y p p g g room tables. radiators.
The Twin Cities Free Market. The rest of the bulky waste l S b lk b l d h f h b lk has to be put into a landfill. garage sales and second‐hand stores are dh d other options when trying to get rid of useable bulky items in good condition. g Bulky Waste Bulky waste is often reusable and can be given away or sold to other people. Some bulky waste can be recycled. .
What about… Wh t b t White goods .
washing machines. refrigerators. hot water heaters. refrigerators.White goods (large appliances) include dryers. d h idifi stoves. dishwashers. . and furnaces. Only certain businesses are certified to remove CFCs. dehumidifiers. air conditioners. White Goods White goods can be recycled with scrap metal after the mercury containing switches. polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) components and Freon h l hl db h l( C ) d refrigerants which contain chloroflourocarbons (CFCs) have been removed.
What about… Wh t b t Miscellaneous household items .
Miscellaneous Household Items Miscellaneous household items include toys. linens. and yard tools. pots and pans. small furniture. clothes. pillows. games. l d ll f d d l . books.
Old cloth can be bound recycled in some communities Old cloth can be bound and recycled and pages from old books may be recycled with office paper. • Torn clothes. • Some items like broken plastic toys and old pillows may have no further use and must be thrown in the trash. church nurseries. shelters and resettlement service offices. nursing home libraries. worn sheets and books beyond repair may be recycled in some communities.Miscellaneous Household Item Facts • Miscellaneous household items in good condition are often g welcome at second hand stores. have no further use and must be thrown in the trash .
now we will briefly garbage describe other types of solid waste. Commercial mostly from businesses Industrial from manufacturing Construction & Demolition from all of the above .Waste at Work Enough about your household garbage.
. Commercial waste looks a lot like the waste we create at home. restaurant. office) or in a large residential building (apartment building. dorm). mall.Commercial Waste Commercial waste is garbage from a business (store. nursing ff ) l d l b ld ( b ld home.
Businesses like grocery stores and big kitchens generate a lot of this waste. Commercial Organic Waste Edible food waste from grocery stores and restaurants may be donated to a food rescue organization. restaurants f d h f h l and big kitchens can be composted or processed into animal feed or energy. Kitchen scraps from schools. These scraps may never have to be thrown in a trash can! . Businesses like scraps.Organic waste is basically kitchen scraps.
Cuttings and scraps may be mixed with raw materials to make a new product. metallic tape and plastic scraps. Examples of industrial waste include items like include items like fabric scraps. d l ti Industrial Waste Some industrial wastes are recycled at the manufacturing plant. wood cuttings. recalled products. d b d h l k d .Industrial solid waste is created from manufacturing processes.
h f b d .Construction Waste Construction waste is often cuttings or scraps from building materials that are not pre‐fabricated.
Demolition Waste Demolition waste is created when structures like roads. This inspection identifies hazardous id ifi h d materials like asbestos. offices. restaurants and porches are built or demolished. rooms. .Before any building in Ramsey County can be demolished. b d li h d a pre‐demolition inspection takes place. lead and mercury that must be removed and properly disposed before l di db f demolition.
concrete and other items has reduced the dependence on the d d th landfill as the only way to manage construction and demolition waste.In years past. d liti t Construction and Demolition Waste There are some businesses which deconstruct buildings and homes to sell the useful parts before demolishing and discarding the remainder. wood. construction and t ti d demolition waste was typically placed in a landfill. . efforts to reuse and ff t t d recycle metal. Now.
If you are curious. Clothes hangers. • Clothes hangers. • Carpeting. . you can ask! Some examples of behind the scenes recycling are: Some examples of behind the scenes recycling are: • Shopping carts. • Pallets. You don’t see much in the front of the store. • Cardboard boxes.Commercial Recycling y g Much of what is recycled by commercial generators is done behind the scenes. and • Packing foam/pellets. .
do you ask where they are? Look for them in: • your apartment building your apartment building • your office • the mall the mall • the gas station • the grocery store g y • the park .Some things to think about g How often do you see recycling containers at commercial locations? How often do you see recycling containers at commercial locations? Do you use them? If they aren’t visible.
mn.266.1199 | www.For more information Environmental Health Saint Paul – Ramsey County Public Health 651.co.ramsey.us/ph 651 266 1199 | www co ramsey mn us/ph .