# ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS PROJECT WORK 1/2012

Name : Aminuddin Bin Kamaruzzaman I/C No : 950805-10-5651 Class : 5Wawasan Teacher’s Name: Puan Rahimah Binti Md Thith School : SMK Taman Jasmin 2

CONTENT Acknowledgement Objectives Introduction Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Further Exploration Conclusion Reflection

Puan Rahimah for guiding me and my friends throughout this project. such as money. Last but not least. She tried and tried to teach us until we understand what we supposed to do with the project work. for giving me the strength to do this project work. They were helpful that when we combined and discussed together. We had some difficulties in doing this task. I would like to say thank you. to buy anything that are related to this project work and their advise. They also supported me and encouraged me to complete this task so that I will not procrastinate in doing it.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT First of all. books. my friends who were doing this project with me and sharing our ideas. Then I would like to thank my teacher. computers and all that. support which are the most needed for this project. but she taught us patiently until we knew what to do. . Internet. Not forgotten my parents for providing everything. we had this task done.

# to promote effective mathematical communication. # to develop positive attitude towards mathematics. # to improve thinking skills. # to provide learning environment that stimulates and enhanceseffective learning. # to develop mathematical knowledge through problem solving in a way that increases students‟ interest and confidence. # to use the language of mathematics to express mathematicalideas precisely.OBJECTIVES The aims of carrying out this project work are: # to apply and adapt a variety of problem-solving strategies tosolve problems. .

.INTRODUCTION In geometry a polygon ( /p ɒ l ɪɡɒn/)is a flat shape consisting of straight lines that are joined to form a closed chain or circuit. An n-gon is a polygon with n sides. by a closed polygonal chain). and the points where two edges meet are the polygon's vertices (singular: vertex) or corners.e. The interior of the polygon is sometimes called its bod. composed of a finite sequence of straight line segments(i. These segments are called its edges or sides. A polygon is traditionally a plane figure that is bounded by a closed path. A polygon is a 2-dimensional example of the more general polytope in any number of dimensions..

PART 1 Question (a) .

combining a Greek –derived numerical prefix with the suffix-gon. a non. quadrilaterals.convex regular polygon(star polygon). appears on the vase of Aristophonus. where each real dimension is accompanied by an imaginary one. Shephard generalized the idea of polygons to the complex plane. and nonagon are exceptions.g. the masculine adjective). usually n-gon. This is useful if the number of sides is used in a formula. The triangle. Nonconvex polygons in general were not systematically studied until the 14th century by Thomas Bredwardine. A variable can even be used. from Greek πολύγωνον (polygōnon/polugōnon). For large numbers. dated to the 7th century B. rectangles. The word "polygon" comes from Late Latin polygōnum (a noun). and squares are all types of polygons. quadrilateral o r quadrangle. 17-gon.g. meaning "many-angled". The regular polygons were known to the ancient Greeks.C. for example the regular star pentagon is also known as the pentagram.Triangles. e. mathematicians usually write the numeral itself.Question (b) A closed shape consisting of line segments that has at least three sides. . Polygons have been known since ancient times. e. to create complex polygons. In1952. Caere. noun use of neuter of πολύγωνος(polygōnos/polugōnos. Individual polygons are named (and sometimes classified)according to the number of sides. dodecagon. and the pentagram. Some special polygons also have their own names. pentagon.

Questions (c) .

PART 2 Question (a) Cost = RM 20 × 300 = RM 6000 .

97 3968.89 3463.99 60.57 58.97 2597.77 49.53 4330.21 49.89 .53 3968.13 4242.00 58.58 55.Question (b) p(m) 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 q(m) 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 θ(degree) 39.57 4242.99 55.21 Area(m²) 2597.58 38.57 3463.

CONJECTURE Regular polygon will give maximum area Eg: Square Area x Base x Height Area = 50m x 50m = 2500m2 Rectangle Area = Width x Height Area = 75m x 25m = 1875m2 .13m².Question (c) The herb garden is an equilateral triangle of sides 100m with a maximumarea of 4330.

The sum of the lengths of any two sides of a triangle is greater than the length of the third side. 60 < q < 140 ii. When p increases. p decreases iii. Triangle Inequality Theorem . 60 < p < 140.Question (d) i. When q increases. q decreases.

PART 3 Question (a) Suggestion 1 : Square Suggestion 2 : Pentagon Suggestion 3 : Hexagon Suggestion 4 : Heptagon Suggestion 5 : Octagon .

[5][6][7][8] Medical uses of aloe vera are being investigated as well. Extracts from A.Aloe vera is a species of succulent plant that probably originated in northern Africa.[2][3][4] There is. however. little scientific evidence of the effectiveness or safety of A. vera are widely used in the cosmetics and alternative medicine industries.[1] The species is frequently cited as being used in herbal medicine since the beginning of the first century AD. and what positive evidence is available is frequently contradicted by other studies. vera extracts for either cosmetic or medicinal purposes. although closely related aloes do occur in northern Africa. healing or soothing properties. being marketed as variously having rejuvenating. . The species does not have any naturally occurring populations.

bidara laut (Indonesian). native to Indonesia. Thailand. muntah bumi. and. bedara putih. such as a 1953 article in the Journal of Ecology. cay ba binh (Vietnamese) and tho nan (Laotian). It is also known under the names penawar pahit.[3] Older literature. petala bumi (all the above Malay). to a lesser extent. Malaysia. Vietnam. penawar bias. lempedu pahit. payong ali. bedara merah. and Laos.Eurycoma longifolia (commonly called tongkat ali or pasak bumi) is a flowering plant in the family Simaroubaceae.[2] Many of the common names refer to the plant's medicinal use and extreme bitterness. . "Penawar pahit" translates simply as "bitter charm" or "bitter medicine". babi kurus (Javanese). tongkat baginda. may cite only "penawar pahit" as the plant's common Malay name.

commonly known as Agrimony. with one species also in Africa. Agrimonia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Grizzled Skipper (recorded on A. and tiny yellow flowers borne on a single (usually unbranched) spike. eupatoria) and Large Grizzled Skipper. with interrupted pinnate leaves.Agrimonia. The species grow to between 0. native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. is a genus of 12-15 species of perennial herbaceous flowering plants in the family Rosaceae. .5–2 m tall.

All the other facilities of the LLC are housed withina single volume that also divides. Vienna The new Library & Learning Center rises as a polygonal block from the centre of the new University campus. study servicesand central supporting services. Vienna. library.FURTHER EXPLORATION POLYGONAL BUILDINGS University of Economics and Business. The LLC‟s design takes the form of a cube with both inclined and straight edges.clubroom and auditorium. book shop. data center. becoming two separate ribbons that wind around eachother to enclose this glazed gathering space. The straight lines of the building‟s exterior separate as they move inward. Austria 2008 – 2012 28000 m2 Gross Area: 42000 m² Length: 136m Width: 76m Height: 30m (5 Floor Zaha Hadid with Patrik . The Center comprises a „Learning Center‟ with workplaces. training classrooms. administration offices. a language laboratory. lounges and cloakrooms. becoming curvilinear and fluid to generate a free-formed interior canyon that serves asthe central public plaza of the centre. event area. cafeteria. copy shop.

In a similar way. The current owners have over the years developed an extensive desert garden and outdoor pavilion on one of the un built pads.USA Residential -Houses Micheal Maltzan Architecture 3200 SF .Pittman Dowell Residence. to be constructed on the last level area. Five decades after the original house was constructed in this remote area. Inspired by geometric arrangements of interlocking polygons. the new residence takes the form of a heptagonal figure whose purity is confounded by a series of intersecting diagonal slices though space . the site encompasses 6 acres of land originally planned as a hillside subdivision of houses designed by Richard Neutra. is circumscribed by the sole winding road which ends at the Serulnic house. Los Angeles The project is a residence for two artists. the evolving contemporary needs of the artists required a new relationship between building and landscape that is more urban and contained. The new residence. Three level pads were created but only one house was built. the city has grown around it and with it the visual and physical context has changed. movement and visual relationships expand and contract to respond to centrifugal nature of the site and context. living spaces unfold in a moiré of shifting perspectival frames from within and throughout the house. An irregularly shaped void caught within these intersections creates an outdoor room at the center whose edges blur into the adjoining living spaces. Located 15 miles north of Los Angeles at the edge of Angeles forest. the 1952 Serulnic Residence. Los Angeles. In this way.Bounded by an introverted exterior.

but becomes a positive encounterof two different models of the city. travertine. adjacent to the Rotunda da Boavista. The structural heart of the building is formed by four massive walls thatextend from the base to the roof and connect the tilted external walls with the core of thestructure. a small 350 seat hall.000 square meters 2005 Concert Hall Rem Koolhaas and Ellen van Loon . is enclosed at both ends by two layers of “corrugated” glass walls . and aluminum. plywood. The principal materialsare white concrete. rehearsal rooms.300 seatconcert hall. Stairs lead from the ground level plaza to the foyer where asecond staircase continues to the Main Hall and the different levels above. between the city's historic quarterand a working-class neighborhood. Heavyconcrete beams criss-cross the huge light well above. shaped like a simple shoebox. Theglass. The square is nolonger a mere hinge between the old and the new Porto. Porto The Casa da Musica is situated on a travertine plaza. The main auditorium. The two one meter thick walls of the main auditorium act as internaldiaphragms tying the shell together in the longitudinal direction. brings diffused daylight into theauditorium. Portugal 22. and recording studios for the OportoNational Orchestra.Casa da Musica.A terrace carved out of the sloping roofline and huge cut-out in the concrete skinconnects the building to city. corrugated for optimal acoustics and sheer beauty. corrugated glass. Porto.The chiseled sculptural form of the white concrete shell houses the main 1.

CONCLUSION Polygons tend to be studied in the first few years of school. The use of the polygon shape reduces the quantity of materials needed to make a structure. as an introduction to basic geometry and mathematics. But after going research. polygon is a daily life necessity. In conclusion. Without it. we should be thankful of the people who contribute in the idea of polygon. The triangle. The rectangle is used in a number of applications. man‟s creativity will be limited. is often used in construction because its shape makes it comparatively strong. Another polygon is the rectangle. Therefore . answering questions. completing table and some problem solving. For instance. The same can be said for photo frames and mobile phones screens. It is not just widely used in fashion design but also in other fields especially in building of modern structures. due to the fact our field of vision broadly consists of a rectangle shape. I found that the usage of polygons is important in our daily life. most televisions are rectangles to allow for easy and comfortable viewing. so essentially reduces costs and maximizes profits in a business environment. for instance. .

which I was given about a month to complete this project and pass up to my teacher just in time. I have learnt how polygons appear in our daily life. Apart from that. improve thinking skills and promote effective mathematical communication. Last but not least. I also learned to be more discipline on time. I proposed this project should be continue because it brings a lot of moral value to the student and also test the students understanding in Additional Mathematics. This project also had made me felt more confidence to do works and not to give easily when we could not find the solution for the question. I also enjoy doing this project I spend my time with friends to complete this project and it had tighten our friendship. this project encourages the student to work together and share their knowledge. This project had taught me to responsible on the works that are given to me to be completed. Not only that. . It is also encourage student to gather information from the internet. a lot of information that I found.REFLECTION While I conducting this project. I had learned some moral values that I practice.