ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description
Version V1.00 V1.01 Date 2009-05-20 2009-08-11 Author Qu Min Qu Min Approved By Tong Jinsong Tong Jinsong Remarks Not open to the Third Party Not open to the Third Party

© 2009 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved. ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used without the prior written permission of ZTE. Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is subjected to change without notice.

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I

ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 4 4.1 4.2 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5
II

Overview ..................................................................................................................... 1 Highlight Features...................................................................................................... 2 Commercially Proved Product ..................................................................................... 2 Carrier-Class High Reliability....................................................................................... 2 Abundant Interface of Standard Protocols................................................................... 2 Powerful Network Construction Capability .................................................................. 2 Powerful Processing Capability ................................................................................... 3 Perfect Integrated Devices Access Capability............................................................. 3 High Interoperability with Various Networks ................................................................ 3 Perfect Expandable Capability .................................................................................... 3 Plentiful Service ........................................................................................................... 4 Flexible Congestion Control and Policy Management................................................. 4 Powerful Black List White List and Authentication Capability...................................... 4 Perfect Number Translation Capability........................................................................ 5 Powerful Routing Capability......................................................................................... 5 Billing Reliability ........................................................................................................... 7 Powerful Traffic Statistic Capability ............................................................................. 7 Manageable and Operable .......................................................................................... 7 Hot Patch and Seamless Upgrade .............................................................................. 7 Smooth Evolution......................................................................................................... 8 Functionality ............................................................................................................... 9 Call Processing and Control Function ......................................................................... 9 Access Protocol Adaptation Function.......................................................................... 9 Service Provision/Interface Function ........................................................................... 9 Interconnection and Interworking .............................................................................. 10 BOSS Interfacing Function ........................................................................................ 10 Address Resolution Function..................................................................................... 10 Voice Control Function .............................................................................................. 10 Resource Management Function .............................................................................. 11 Geographical Redundancy ........................................................................................ 11 OAM Function ............................................................................................................ 11 Traffic Statistic ........................................................................................................... 11 Signaling and Protocols ............................................................................................. 12 System Architecture ................................................................................................ 16 Hardware Architecture ............................................................................................... 16 Software Architecture ................................................................................................ 17 Service Application .................................................................................................. 19 Service Model ............................................................................................................ 19 Basic and Supplementary Service............................................................................. 20 IP Value Added Service............................................................................................. 27 Other Service ............................................................................................................. 28 Networking and Application.................................................................................... 29 C5/Local Switch Application ...................................................................................... 29 C4/Tandem Office Application ................................................................................... 29 Integrated Local and Tandem Office Application....................................................... 29 Toll Office Application ................................................................................................ 29 Toll and Tandem office Application ........................................................................... 30
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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

6.6 7 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 9 9.1 9.2 9.3 10 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.3.1 10.3.2 10.3.3 10.3.4

International Gateway Application ............................................................................. 30 OAM Management .................................................................................................... 31 Overview .................................................................................................................... 31 Configuration Management ....................................................................................... 31 Performance Management ........................................................................................ 32 Fault Management..................................................................................................... 33 Alarm Management ................................................................................................... 34 Security and Authentication Management................................................................. 34 Log Management....................................................................................................... 34 Others ........................................................................................................................ 35 Billing and Accounting ............................................................................................ 36 Billing Mechanism...................................................................................................... 36 Billing System Interface ............................................................................................. 37 Accounting Interface .................................................................................................. 37 Performance Index ................................................................................................... 39 System Capability ...................................................................................................... 39 System Availability..................................................................................................... 39 Billing ......................................................................................................................... 39 parameters of device ............................................................................................... 40 Physical Port .............................................................................................................. 40 Physical Size ............................................................................................................. 40 Environmental Requirements .................................................................................... 40 Consumption.............................................................................................................. 40 Electricy Requirement................................................................................................ 41 Requirements of Temperature & Humidity ................................................................ 41 Other Notes................................................................................................................ 42

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III

ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

FIGURES
Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 ZXSS10 SS1b Hardware Components and Its Connection ........................................ 16 ZXSS10 SS1b Hardware Logical Structure ................................................................. 17 ZXSS10 SS1b Software Function Module................................................................... 18 ZXSS10 SS1b Service Model...................................................................................... 19 ZXSS10 SS1b network management .......................................................................... 31 ZXSS10 SS1b billing system ....................................................................................... 36 ZXSS10 SS1b cabinet and shelf ................................................................................. 40

TABLES
Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4 Table 5 Table 6 Table 7 Table 8 Main Protocols Supported by ZXSS10 SS1b .............................................................. 12 ZXSS10 SS1b Operation System and Database ........................................................ 18 PSTN Supplementary Service ..................................................................................... 20 ISDN Supplementary Service ...................................................................................... 25 IP Value-added Service ............................................................................................... 27 Other IP Value-added Service ..................................................................................... 28 Power consumption of SoftSwitch boards and units ................................................... 41 Temperature and Humidity Requirements................................................................... 41

IV

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

1

Overview
NGN, the next generation network, is a new public telecommunication network based on the IP technology. SoftSwitch network is one of the solutions of NGN. It has an open, layered structure. Besides conventional telephony service, it provides new types of converged service via converged networks. ZXSS10 SS1b, the core control equipment of ZTE SoftSwitch system, is located at the control layer of the SoftSwitch network. It provides functions having the intelligence needed to properly execute the required service, including the subscriber service, resource allocation, protocol processing, routing, authentication and billing. To perform these functions it utilizes standardized network signaling protocols such as SIP, SIP-T/I, H.323, H.248, BICC, and SIGTRAN. As a carrier-class commercial product, ZXSS10 SS1b has been introduced to and accepted by most operators in the world, helping them create both revenue and opportunities.

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

2
2.1

Highlight Features
Commercially Proved Product
ZTE is the first company that proposed the end-to end solution in China and gained the SoftSwitch system accessing certification from the Ministry of Information Industries of China in the field of SoftSwitch. Setting up the research work of NGN since 1998, now ZTE has deployed 180 million lines capacity of its NGN system in more than 50 countries and regions including China, Russia, India, Pakistan, Portugal, Philippines, Brazil, Colombia, Hungary and etc.

2.2

Carrier-Class High Reliability
To achieve high reliability, ZXSS10 SS1b provides two features: hot-swapping for hardware, geographic redundancy for a pair of softswithes. All cards of ZXSS10 SS1b are configured in pairs and support hot-swapping. The service processing cards can be pulled out or plugged in without service breaking down. The network interfacing cards support automatic switching when external physical connection is cut off. With the configuration of one pair of redundant SoftSwitches, if one SoftSwitch fails to work, gateways under its control can switch over to work under the other SoftSwitch and these gateways can be manually switched back if their original SoftSwitch recovers. The redundancy method can be configured as load-sharing or active-standby. With the two features above, ZXSS10 SS1b can provide the 99.999% reliability for carrier-class applications.

2.3

Abundant Interface of Standard Protocols
ZXSS10 SS1b is an open, multi-protocol entity. All the protocol Interfaces are developed by ZTE independently and are in compliance with the ITU-T , ANSI and ETSI specification. Typical protocols used for interworking with various gateways, terminals and networks are: H.248, MGCP, H.323, NCS, SIP/SIP-T/SIP-I, SCTP, ISUP, TUP, INAP(CS1,CS2), CAP, RADIUS, SNMP, M3UA, Q.931, V5UA, IUA, MAP/MAP+, DSS1, R2, R5, etc. It is easy to update and maintain all protocols and these interfaces are designed to be able to update to support the newest protocol.

2.4

Powerful Network Construction Capability
ZXSS10 SS1b can construct toll network or local network, to offer toll call ,local call and toll & local call solutions by interworking with different gateways like MSG,AG,and IAD. It also supports dual tandem office solution. ZXSS10 SS1b can provide VOIP Service on WiMAX/WIFI.

2

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As for the existing network, ZXSS10 SS1b has a perfect inheritable capability which can support the communication between PSTN/ISDN network, No.7 signaling network and mobile network.

2.5

Powerful Processing Capability
ZXSS10 SS1b adopts a special hardware platform with multiple processors and a distributed software system. The single shelf process capacity is up to 3M BHCA. It can achieve up to 30M BHCA by cascading 10 shelves.

2.6

Perfect Integrated Devices Access Capability
ZXSS10 SS1b supports different gateway devices accessing, including trunk gateway, access gateway, signaling gateway, media gateway, integrated access devices, etc. It supports the direct access of media server and network devices in H.323 network, like H.323 gateway, H.323 terminal... Various digital terminals like PC,Soft Phone,IP Phone,SIP Phone,MGCP Phone, etc are able to access ZXSS10 SS1b. ZXSS10 SS1b is accessible by V5 access network via trunk gateway device. ZXSS10 SS1b supports access of PBX via protocol Q.931, R2 and R1.

2.7

High Interoperability with Various Networks
ZXSS10 SS1b interworks with different networks like PSTN/ISDN, No.7 signaling, IN, PLMN through gateways. ZXSS10 SS1b can serve as SSP for interfacing with TDM SCP or IP application server. ZXSS10 SS1b provides high interoperability with other network by adopting standardized protocol compliant with ETSI, ITUT, and 3GPP.

2.8

Perfect Expandable Capability
ZXSS10 SS1b adopts a hierarchical model for system design. Each layer is independent and expandable. ZXSS10 SS1b also adopts a distributed design which allows it to expand capacity smoothly. ZXSS10 SS1b adopts a flat construction which supports multi area expansion networking. It allows customers to customize the network scale according to the needs.

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

2.9

Plentiful Service
ZXSS10 SS1b adopts hierarchical network architecture in which the service providing is independent with network and media. The service can be shared by the whole network once it is launched. Working as a unified service proxy and switch platform, ZXSS10 SS1b hides the complexity of network layer to service layer to facilitate launching complicated convergent service. ZXSS10 SS1b has three ways of providing service: provides service by itself; provides service by interworking with traditional SCP; provides service through application server. It is convenient for customers to choose a proper service providing way according to their needs. It makes the biggest utilization of available resources and focus on the future development.

2.10

Flexible Congestion Control and Policy Management
ZXSS10 SS1b is capable of congestion and loading control by adopting different policy. ZXSS10 SS1b has the capability of congestion and traffic control according to different predefined policy. While congestion and overloading occur, the pre-defined policy that consists of a series of actions policy will take effect. All the actions are to assure the system works in a good status or recovers fleetly in the process of congestion and overloading. There are, with a maximum of six different levels of congestion according to the condition. Each level has a threshold value. Different level has different control policies. According to the congestion level and overloading conditions, various policies like switch voice coding, traffic control, called destination code control, traffic rerouting, limited direct router, service flow, alternative routing, service flow, circuit directionalization, circuit incoming directionalization, circuit cut off, jumping, special announcement, automatic routing switch and the combination of any of them can be adopted to relieve the congestion.

2.11

Powerful Black List White List and Authentication Capability
The black-white list of ZXSS10 SS1b allows it to restrict a subscriber to call or be called. The black list and white list can be classified into global black list and white list, trunk black list and white list, area black list and white list, regional black list and white list and the IP and subnet mask black list and white list. The black list and white list can be enabled by date, days and time period (4 periods a day). Black list and white list control can be configured to depend on the threshold value, percent or the IP address. It is able to entry the address nature (user number, domestic number, international enable or others) of the destination code black list and white list to allow or restrict the callings. ZXSS10 SS1b has an enhanced calling authentication and interception function. It is able to authenticate the length of the incoming trunk/incoming area caller number, original called number and changed number. It will intercept the call and send out
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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

correspondent audio announcement if the length of translated number is not in the allowed range. It is also able to authenticate the incoming calls by incoming trunk/incoming area, caller number/original called number/changed number, caller type, called number, calling time, outgoing trunk group/outgoing area or the combination of any of them. It can intercept the calls and send out correspondent audio announcement or only perform interception processing or rerouting processing.

2.12

Perfect Number Translation Capability
ZXSS10 SS1b can translate the numbers at the incoming/outgoing office and at number analyzing. It defines different process according to the incoming area node/incoming trunk group number/outgoing routing ,different caller numbers, including adding digits( add digits in the assigned place of original number) ,deleting digits(delete digits in the assigned place of original number) ,modifying digits(replace assigned digits from the assigned place of original number) ,replacing number (replace the original number with new numbers) ,adding conditions (add digits in the assigned place of the original number which is shorter than assigned length) ,deleting conditions (delete assigned digits from the assigned place which is longer than assigned length ) ,right match deleting (assign the match place and match number stream, delete the parts before the matched digit. For example, if the match place is 11, the match number stream is 13 then deletes all the digits in front of 11 from 13. It can be applied for mobile number specification). It is able to set the changes for caller party number, called party number, original called party number/changed number. It offers options of whether sending the translated number to the back office and output bill of the translated number. Besides number changing, it can also change subscriber type, address nature according to the configuration. It can standardize the numbers incoming and outgoing area/trunk. It standardizes the number and address nature which is not in compliance with the specification automatically without changing number configuration.

2.13

Powerful Routing Capability
ZXSS10 SS1b supports the address analysis between E.164 address, SIP address and IP address. The length of number being analyzed is 32 bit. ZXSS10 SS1b adopts a four-layer structure (route chain group, route chain, route group, and route) which is flexible to set the loading share and preferring for each route. It supports different routing strategies based on the percent, time, and price or network congestion. The maintainer can assign the dynamic traffic allocation through the maintaining and management terminal. Routing strategies as followings are supported: Dynamic Routing ZXSS10 SS1b has the ability of dynamic routing periodically. The period could be yearly (set a date such as a festival) or weekly (like Monday, Tuesday) or a certain time. The time periods are up to 9 in one day. Consequently, the resources can be allocated reasonably according to different periods of time in different days. Percent Based Routing

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ZXSS10 SS1b can assign callings to different routing according to the percent when there is more than one routing to the destination. The adjustable step length can reach 1%. The proportion can be set in the routing links of the routing link group or the routings of the routing group. Specific Condition Based Routing ZXSS10 SS1b can route according to the class of caller subscriber type, loading capacity, address nature, incoming trunk group ,called subscriber type, calling source node ( transform to IP address) and call forwarding type by setting the routing analysis index and routing analysis type in the correspondent routing link. Lowest Cost Routing ZXSS10 SS1b can choose the lowest cost routing among all the routings. The costs of routing can be configured based on date and time period. It can choose the lowest cost routing according current date and time if there are more than one routing in the routing set. Rerouting after Failure ZXSS10 SS1b can take different actions including rerouting, sending out audio announcement, reanalyzing number, releasing in normal way and triggering the intelligent calls are according to the failure code. For a certain failure code, it could reroute by changing the caller party number, called party number, call forwarding number after resetting the configuration as rerouting or number analysis . Otherwise, it could choose another routing by reanalyze the number after resetting the configuration as using a new number analyzer. Preferring routing which has highest rate of access success/all access ZXSS10 SS1b are able to choose the routing which has the highest rate of access success/all access after calculating the traffic in the same routing group. Preferring TDM Routing for VIP For the calls to a destination, ZXSS10 SS1b provides preferring TDM routing for the VIP. It can reserve trunk for the VIP. Other Routing ZXSS10 SS1b can change routing by traffic control. For example, it could be changed to temporary alternative routing, limited entrance of direct routing service, limited overflow of direct routing service, limited entrance of alternative routing, and limited overflow of alternative routing. ZXSS10 SS1b provides rerouting function. For instance, it reroutes (up to four rerouting) if the outgoing calls reached the set level of congestion before choosing a strategy. If the strategy routing failed, it continues the original routing.

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2.14

Billing Reliability
ZXSS10 SS1b provides four levels of buffer to the original bill in billing system to ensure the security of bill. These four levels of buffer are: memory buffer, file buffer, billing serve buffer, billing centre (FTP way).

2.15

Powerful Traffic Statistic Capability
ZXSS10 SS1b provides statistic function for various objects. It can tail different objects and KPI according to the actual needs. It can analyze the system ability and perform perfect at traffic acquisition. It supports tens of thousands statistic objects (destination code, trunk, user assembly) at the same time and get precise results even at high BHCA. It has gained a few national patent technical authority of the traffic acquisition technology.

2.16

Manageable and Operable
NetNumen N31 adopts the mature and advanced network management system. It is a carrier-level, crossing platforms network management system which provides the comprehensive solutions of the network management. It has a complete intellectual property and uses a lot of patent technologies. It can control the network elements to meet the actual needs in a quick, flexible, convenient, economic way. It has expandable function which ensures the hit to system is light when the system is expanding or adding new network devices. NetNumen N31 provides centralized management, operation and maintaining functions of ZXSS10 SS1b and other devices to facilitate. NetNumen N31 adopts JAVA language as its developing language. It supports UNIX and WINDOWS operation system, MSSQL SERVER and ORACLE database. It is crossing- platforms. NetNumen N31 provides perfect access authentication function to support users accessing system by different levels and locations. It provides perfect security log, operation log and system logs records.

2.17

Hot Patch and Seamless Upgrade
With the development of telecom service, more and more customized service will be applied frequently, which requires system supports seamlessly upgrade to fulfill new service. Currently ZXSS10 SS1b provides two methods for upgrade seamlessly. Hot Patch: Used for version amelioration, this method will amend the software component in online mode directly, which need not reset the board. During the procedure of patching, the service will not be impacted and interrupted. Seamless Upgrade: Used for version upgrade, in the procedure of upgrade, all the call session will be retained, no impact will bring in for customers’service experience .

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

2.18

Smooth Evolution
ZXSS10 SS1b offers a set of strategies of smooth network evolution. ZXSS10 SS1b supports evolution of PSTN including C4/C5 replacement and service providing, access of exiting PBX, traditional intelligent services by interconnecting with the existing Service Control Point (SCP). ZXSS10 SS1b can evolve to IMS. SS and IMS, both belong to NGN technology based on the framework of IP packet network, service platform separation and open service provisioning environment. Keeping in view, the maturity of IMS technology, it is recommended that Softswitch network should be built in the first phase to carry out NGN service in a unified IP network. Then, subsequently with the development of IMS technology development and more FMC requirements, IMS technology will be introduced gradually based on evolution of Softswitch network. In the future, while IMS network has been launched, ZXSS10 SS1b can evolve to some of the IMS network element such as MGCF or AGCF function to inter-work with IMS network. If IMS network has yet not been launched and total IMS network elements are needed, ZXSS10 SS1b can migrate to a set of complete IMS functional entities like MGCF, I/P/S-CSCF,PES/PSS by updating software and hardware.

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3

Functionality
As the core control equipment in SoftSwitch network, ZXSS10 SS1b provides the following functions:

3.1

Call Processing and Control Function
It performs basic and enhanced call processing. For call detection, it receives the call events report (like subscriber is on hook, dialing and off hook) from media gateways and controls them to send out various signals to subscribers like the dialing tone, ring tone and ring back tone. Besides, it supports all the dialing plans required by carriers. For call control, it provides functions such as subscriber state control, connection control, intelligent service triggering detection and resource management. In the service switching function, it processes all call-related events, for instance, maintaining call state. ZXSS10 SS1b can provide service control both for 2-party basic call and for multipleparty call. For multiple-party call, the service logic includes event triggering (e.g., hookon/hook-off event, flash event) and conversation control (e.g., isolation or audition or voice mixing for participants). ZXSS10 SS1b can be accessed by H.248 terminals, MGCP terminals, SIP terminals, H.323 terminals and NCS terminals directly, offering relevant service to them. ZXSS10 SS1b provides functions of establishing and releasing the calls by interworking with signaling gateways. It controls media server to play announcement or prompt tone for IVR in subscriber’s second dialing. ZXSS10 SS1b is capable of serving as a local exchange when in a local PSTN/ISDN network, a toll call exchange when in toll PSTN/ISDN network. ZXSS10 SS1b can provide call controlling as tandem office. It can interwork with an HLR through supporting MAP/MAP+ protocol. It also offers double tandems function and provides intelligent network connection.

3.2

Access Protocol Adaptation Function
It adapts different access protocols (signaling) for controlling corresponding access equipments.

3.3

Service Provision/Interface Function
ZXSS10 SS1b can provide the same service of a PSTN/ISDN exchange, involving basic service and supplementary service.

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ZXSS10 SS1b provides the INAP(CS1,CS2)/CAP interfaces with the traditional IN SCP to provide IN service. ZXSS10 SS1b provides standard SIP interfaces with the application server, to facilitate the service development of the third-party service provider.

3.4

Interconnection and Interworking
As the external interface of the SoftSwitch system, ZXSS10 SS1b provides interworking with other peer entities. ZXSS10 SS1b supports interworking between the packet network and the existing SS7 network through the signaling gateway. It supports interworking between the packet network and the existing CAS network by using the protocols R1, R2, R5 or China No.1 signaling. It uses SIP to interwork with the SIP network system. It uses SIP-I protocol or SIP-T protocol to provide interworking between the SoftSwitch controlling domains. It adopts the V5UA protocol to access the legacy access network, in cooperation with the trunk gateway. It adopts the Q.931 protocol to access the PBX group with the cooperation of media gateway. With the H.323 protocol, ZXSS10 SS1b interworks with the IP telephone network of the existing H.323 system.

3.5

BOSS Interfacing Function
It provides application support functions, such as CDR files, metering function. It can transfer user information, such as subscription, subscription cancellation and service property modification, to the accounting system through the standard MML interface.

3.6

Address Resolution Function
It serves to translate E.164 address into IP address and provide address resolution function.

3.7

Voice Control Function
It can control the media gateway, to decide to adopt voice compression or not. It also provides selectable voice compression algorithms, such as G.711, G.723, G.729, and G.726.
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It can control the media gateway flexibly, to decide to adopt Echo cancellation technology or not. It can flexibly adjust the jitter buffer of the media gateway, to minimize the affect of jitter to voice quality.

3.8

Resource Management Function
It provides resource management function to manage all the resources of system like allocating, releasing and controlling of tone resource.

3.9

Geographical Redundancy
ZXSS10 SS1b can provide the function of geographic redundancy. When one SoftSwitch fails to work, gateways originally at this SoftSwitch can switch to work under the backup SoftSwitch. After the original SoftSwitch restored, these gateways can be manually switched back from the backup softswtich to the original SoftSwitch. The gateways can be AG or TG, SG, SBC, IAD or SIP terminal.

3.10

OAM Function
ZXSS10 SS1b provides perfect operation maintaining function to support the local management. ZXSS10 SS1b supports the network management based on MML and remote centralized network management. These two kinds of management and the management of other network element devices can all be added to central network management Normally, the NetNumen N31 is adopted to manage the ZXSS10 SS1b and other devices. Management function of NetNumen N31 covers the topology, configuration, fault, capacity, security, policy, log, and reports management. NetNumen N31 supports different authorities according to different locations. NetNumen N31 provides southbound port to manage the network elements and the northbound TL1,CORBA and FTP ports to access the upper network management system. The upper network management system accomplishes topology management, configuration management, capacity management via these ports. North TL1,CORBA port of NetNumen N31 provides the devices topology, warning, configuration management while north FTP port provides traffic statistic data and data configuration management.

3.11

Traffic Statistic
The traffic statistic module acquires the data while the devices are running so as to provide centralized supervision of the device running conditions. It can generate reports

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

according to the pre-defined items as evidence for engineers to learn about the system running condition and to configure the network scientifically.

3.12

Signaling and Protocols
ZXSS10 SS1b is a multi-protocol entity, which interacts and coordinates with other network elements on the SoftSwitch network via various standard protocols (interfaces) to perform functions needed in the system together.ZXSS10 SS1b complies to, but not limited to the following recommendations and standards.

Table 1

Main Protocols Supported by ZXSS10 SS1b

Protocol

Explanation

Standards IETF RFC3525 ITU-T H.248.1 ITU-T H.248.2R1 ITU-T H.248.4 ITU-T H.248.14 ITU-T H.248.15 ITU-T H.248.23 ITU-T H.248.23R1 ITU-T H.248.24 ITU-T H.248.25 ITU-T H.248.25R1 ITU-T H.248.26 ITU-T H.248.28 ITU-T H.248.28R1 ITU-T H.248.32 ITU-T H.248.39 ITU-T H.248.42 IETF RFC2705 IETF RFC3435 IETF RFC3660

H.248

Media gateway controlling protocol, used between the softswitch control device and various media gateways (including terminals).

MGCP

Media gateway control protocol,used between the softswitch control device and various media gateways (including terminals).

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Protocol

Explanation

Standards IETF RFC3204 IETF RFC3261 IETF RFC3262 IETF RFC3264 IETF RFC3265 IETF RFC 3311 IETF RFC 3515 IETF RFC 2976 IETF RFC 3327 IETF RFC 3323 IETF RFC 3325 IETF RFC 3372 IETF RFC 3398 IETF RFC 3665 IETF RFC 4123 IETF RFC 3666 IETF RFC 4028 More expanded protocols IETF RFC3372 IETF RFC2976 IETF RFC3204 IETF RFC3398 ITU-T Q.1912.5 ITU-T H.323(H.225.0, H.245, H.450) Q.931 ITU-T J.169 ETSI TS 101 909-9 RFC2960 RFC 3332 YD/T1192-2002 RFC3807

SIP

Session initiated protocol,used for the connection of softswitch control device and other softswitch, SIP application server and SIP multi media packet terminal.

SIP-T

Session Initiation Protocol for Telephones , communication protocol between SIP and PSTN SIP with encapsulated ISUP,expanded protocol of SIP protocol IP and multi media communication protocol. For the devices like GK, GW, MCU and multi media packet terminal in traditional H.323 net to access the softswitch control device. Net calling signaling protocol. For MTA terminal to access the softswitch control device. SCTP protocol: stream control transfer protocol. Provides reliable datagram transfer service for adapter protocol of SCN signaling based on IP. M3UA protocol:MTP3 user adapter protocol. Used for the communication between SG and softswitch control device.

SIP-I

H.323

NCS

SIGTRAN

V5UA protocol:V5 user adapter protocol. Used for the communication between media gateway which has build in V5 signaling gateway and softswitch control device. IUA protocol:ISDN user adapter protocol. Used for the communication between media gateway which has build in DSS1 signaling gateway and softswitch control device.

RFC3057

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

Protocol NO.7

Explanation MTP protocol:message transfer part. Used for the communication between No.7 signaling net and softswitch control device. TUP protocol:telephone user part. Used for the communication between PSTN and softswitch control device through the TUP trunk offered by media gateway. ISUP protocol:ISDN user part. Used for the communication between PSTN and softswitch control device through the ISUP trunk offered by media gateway. SCCP protocol:signaling connection control part. Used for loading TCAP, INAP, MAP protocol. Communicate with SCP or HLR through No.7 signaling net. TCAP protocol:Transaction Capability Application Part. Provides functions and procedure which has nothing to do with application for SCP and softswitch control device. Support the application of intelligent net.

Standards GF001-9001 Q.700~Q.707,Q.709 GF001-9001 Q.721~Q.725 YDN-038-1997 Q.761~Q.764 Q.765~Q.766 Q.731~Q.737 Q.698~Q.699 GF010-95 Q.711~Q.714,Q.716 GF 011-1995, Q.771~Q.775 GF 017-1995, Q.1551,Q.1600,Q.1601 YD/T1226-2002 intelligent network abilities assembling 2(CS2)Intelligent network application protocol(INAP) YD/T1201-2002 service and basic function requirements of intelligent network abilities assembling 2(CS-2) GF017-95 Intelligent network application protocol(INAP) (temporary specification) ITU-T Q.1224(09/97) Intelligent network distributed function plane ITU-T Q.1228(09/97) suggestions to intelligent network abilities assembling 2 port

INAP protocol:intelligent net application part. Used as the definition of the information flow between the entities of intelligent net and the SSP of intelligent net structure. Make softswitch able to support SSF, CCF, SRF, CCAF functions.

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

Protocol

Explanation

Standards China telecommunication, China mobile China telecommunication wireless local telephone (PHS)MAP protocol technical requirements add the enhanced requirements of HLR to softswitch control device ITU Q.400~Q.499 China No.1(comply international GF0029002’s DL signaling and MFC signaling standard

CAP

MAP

MAP+ A kind of inchannel signaling. Used for the communication between media gateway device and softswitch control device. Make the system able to offer R2 trunk. A kind of inchannel signaling. Used for the communication between media gateway device and softswitch control device. Make the system able to offer NO.1 trunk. A kind of inchannel signaling ISDN user net signaling. Used for the communication between NAS, PBX and softswitch control device. Make the system able to offer PRI port by media gateway. A kind of user net signaling. Used for the communication between V5 net, base station controller and softswitch control device. Make the system able to offer V5.2 port by media gateway. Simple net management protocol. Used for the communication between net management device and softswitch control device. File transfer protocol. Used for the accessing of billing centre to softswitch controlling and the update of softswitch. Remote access dials identification user service. Used for the real time billing and prepaid service. RTP load format of the DTMF digital signal, phone ring and phone signal Net Time Protocol

R2

NO.1

R5 DSS1

YDN034-1997 YDN 020-1996(V5.1) YDN 021-1996(V5.2) YDN 108-1998 ITU-T Q.964,Q.965 YD 1380.1-2005-I.pdf RFC1157

V5

SNMP

FTP

RFC0959 RFC2865 RFC2866, RFC2833

Radius

DTMF

SNTP

RFC1769

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

4
4.1

System Architecture
Hardware Architecture
The hardware of ZXSS10 SS1b consists of the foreground (real-time processing part), background (database server and CDR server) and a switched Ethernet unit which connects all the internal modules. The connection is shown in Fig 1.

Figure 1

ZXSS10 SS1b Hardware Components and Its Connection

ZXSS10 SS1b adopts special hardware platform based on multi processing cards. Compare to PC and commercial workstation hardware platform, it has the advantages of big capacity, high density, high reliability and is cost-effective. The background includes the CDR server and the database server. The database server provides the storage of static service data, configured data and user data. The foreground accesses or writes data from or to the background by responsible interfaces. For all call processed by the foreground, its CDR information will be transport to the CDR server according to relative format when the call has been finished , moreover the billing center needs to periodically collect the CDR files in the CDR server. The background database server could adopt SUN workstations which are able to work in a redundant way or PC server as the database server. For the operation and maintenance terminal, it can either be connected with SS1b directly or be connected across the network management network. ZXSS10 SS1b adopts an Ethernet structure which connects all the processing modules to form a “loose coupling” concurrent multi processing system. The following figure shows the hardware logical structure.
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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

Figure 2

ZXSS10 SS1b Hardware Logical Structure

System Main Control

System protocol Control Board System protocol Control Board

Network Interface Core Switching Network IP Network Network Interface Network Interface Module

System protocol Control Board

Processor Module

The primary control module (card) in the system slot controls the whole system and network and allocates the work of processor. SPC, as the core module of the system, provides the core functions like network control, business generation. The protocol processing, business generation and controlling are all processed by software. The processor module can process different protocols according to the configuration. The GNIC/NIC (network interface card) provides external interface to different gateway devices and internal interface to all kinds of application server, database, authentication server, OAM terminal and IN SCP. The two kinds of interfaces are independent for safety. The external interface provides routing function to configure the static router. It ensures the softswitch control device can access the core network of IP flexibly and conveniently. It receives IP packages of different protocols from network interface module and process them by processor module (card).

4.2

Software Architecture
The software system of ZXSS10 SS1b has a distributed, hierarchical and modular design. The software system is independent of specific hardware platforms and is easy to be upgraded. Its principle diagram is shown below.

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

Figure 3

ZXSS10 SS1b Software Function Module
Charging System

The operation system and database of the foreground and background are showed in table 2.

Table 2

real time processor foreground Database background CDR Server

Data Subsystem IA D

C a ll S u b s y s te m OSS
V ie u n In te rfa c e MGC P S IP T S IG T RAN DSS 1 N ew P ro to col

/

H248

H323

S IP

SS7

S u p p o rt S u b s y s te m H a rd w a re S y s te m

TG

SG

S IP Phone

MG

AG

ZXSS10 SS1b Operation System and Database

Hardware platform researched and developed by ZTE SUN(DC/AC)/PC SERVER NT Server

OS Vxworks Solaris Linux Windows Server 2003

Database Memory Database researched and developed by ZTE Oracle MS SQL Server

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5

Service Application
ZXSS10 SS1b is powerful at providing service. The system has hierarchical network architecture as showed in fig 4. The features are as followings: The service providing is independent of network and media. Once the service is generated, it is able to be shared with the whole network. The flexible service logical environment enable carrier to avoid high cost on hardware upgrade, related technology and convey. The service can be provided by the third party provider. Compare to traditional way, carrier can deliver new service more quickly with lower cost.

Figure 4

ZXSS10 SS1b Service Model

App Server Parlay API/Corba Parlay/CORBA Parlay GW SC P SIP SIP-I/SIP-T

Third Party Server App Server

Softswitc h

Softswitc h

IP Core Network ISUP H.248/MGCP INAP/TCA P S G ISUP/MT P H.248 H.248 SIP/H.323

MG TDM PSTN/ISD N

AG

IAD

soft phone Telephon e Telephon e soft phone

No.7 Network

Telephon e

Telephon e

5.1

Service Model
ZXSS10 SS1b supports service in the following ways:

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

1

ZXSS10 SS1b provides basic and supplemental PSTN service, IP Centrex service, and point to point video service directly. Acting as SSP, ZXSS10 SS1b provides the existing IN service by connect with existing SCP. ZXSS10 SS1b adopts INAP (CS1, CS2) protocol to communicate with SCP. It interworks with application serve to provide value added service, IN service and a lot of multi-media service.

2

3

5.2

Basic and Supplementary Service
ZXSS10 SS1b provides call service. This Service offers conversation between subscribers, which refer to local, domestic or international call. Generally, call service includes basic service and supplementary service. A portion of the provided supplementary services are listed in table 3.and table 4

Table 3

PSTN Supplementary Service

Services Call forwarding Denied CF to toll Toll CF Denied Register on Busy Call back on busy Call Waiting service

Description Incoming call will be forwarded to a predefined number. The forwarding service includes forwarding on busy, forwarding no answer, forwarding Unconditional (all incoming call will be forwarded), forwarding offline. Incoming call is not allowed to be forwarded as toll call. This service is valid only if subscriber registered call forwarding service. Toll call forwarding will be prohibited. This service is valid only if subscriber registered call forwarding service. Register On Busy enables a subscriber A to auto-register a call when A encounters a busy called subscriber B. Within 20 minutes after the registration, A can call B automatically by waiting for five seconds without dialing after hooks off. Call Back On Busy enables a subscriber A to request a callback when A encounters a busy called subscriber B. A hears the ringing tone when B becomes idle. Call Waiting (CW) enables a subscriber A to hear a call waiting tone when a third party C is trying to call A while A is in conversation with a second party B. subscriber A can choose to accept this new call or not. If A is accepted, he can switch on the two conversations. Absent Subscriber Service enables a subscriber B to announce the voice prompt to a calling subscriber when B is absent. In General, the announcement informs the calling party that the called subscriber is absent. Do Not Disturb Service enables a subscriber A to stop all incoming calls when A does not want to receive any call. The subscriber will hear the voice prompt when the subscriber calls A. This does not affect the outgoing calls of A.

Absent Service

Do Not Disturb

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Services Timed Do Not Disturb

Description Do not disturb according to schedule is a supplement to Do Not Disturb. If a subscriber registers this service, the subscriber can register a do-not-disturb time period. The subscriber's telephone will not ring before the do-not-disturb time period ends. This does not affect the outgoing calls of the subscriber. The subscriber can be reached after the do-not-disturb time period ends. Malicious Call Tracing (MCT) enables a subscriber A to trace the malicious call information via relevant operations. Subscriber A shall apply to the SoftSwitch for this service. The number of the malicious call can be traced through the corresponding program when the application is approved. Immediate Malicious Call is a supplement to the MCT. If a subscriber registers this service, the subscriber's switch records the calling information on an incoming call of the subscriber in an alarm when the subscriber's telephone rings. Three Party Service (3PTY) enables a subscriber A to set up calls simultaneously between three parties. A can dial a third party C during the conversation with a second party B to put A, B, and C in three-party conversation. A can also alternate between the conversation with B and that with C. Multi-party Conference Service (CONF) is a kind of more-than-three-party service the switch provides. The chairman can hit the hookflash to continuously call multiple members to join in the conference. Abbreviated Dialing allows a subscriber to call a number by dialing a two-digit code instead of the original telephone number (local number, national toll number, or international toll number). Calling Identity Delivery (CID) enables a called subscriber A to see the identity of a calling subscriber B and the call time on his/her telephone or corresponding display. Restricted CID enables a calling subscriber to prevent his/her number from being displayed on a called telephone that registers the CID. The restriction includes: temporary forbidden (class A), temporary permission (class B), permanent forbidden (class C). Temporary restriction (Class A): The user is allowed to restrict the calling number display via specific operations when he or she initiates a call. In general, the calling number is allowed to be displayed to the called party. Temporary allowance (Class B): The user is allowed to restrict the calling number display via specific operations when he or she initiates a call. In general, the calling number is not allowed to be displayed to the called party. Permanent restriction (Class C): The calling number is never allowed to be displayed to the called party. However, if the called party has a higher service class than the calling party, no matter what type of calling identity delivery suppression service the caller has registered, the called party can see the calling number. Immediate hotline enables a subscriber to be automatically connected to a predetermined number immediately the subscriber takes hooks off Delay hotline enables a subscriber to be automatically connected to a predetermined number if the subscriber waits for five seconds without dialing after hooks off.

Malicious Call Tracing

Immediate Malicious Call

Three Party Service

Multi-party Conference Abbreviated Dialing Service Calling Identity Delivery

Calling Identity Delivery Restriction

Hot-Line Delay Hot-Line

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

Services Alarm Clock

Description This service provides automatic ring back tone at a preset time according to the user's requirement to remind the user to do intended things. The user can register the time and cycle of Alarm Service. The switch will provide ring back tone to the user according to the preset time and cycle. This service allows the user to register via a dialing procedure to bar a type of outgoing calls. The incoming calls are not influenced by this service. This service is to avoid fraudulent calls without permission when the subscriber leaves. This service is used along with the Outgoing Call Barring service. When the Outgoing Call Barring service has been applied, the user has no need to dial #54*KS1S2S3S4# to cancel the service if he or she wants to dial a barred number. In the cases of vacant number, changed number, temporary route blocking, and misuse, calls will be intercepted automatically. Calls are then transferred to phone answering devices so as to reduce false connections established by switching equipments at the exchange. This service is free of charge, and no further operation or application to the carrier is necessary. This service offers the analog user the Multiple Subscriber Numbers (MSN) function, and each number is provided with a different ring back tone. Call transfer enables a subscriber A to transfer a call to a third party. A can dial a third party C during the conversation with a second party B and hang up to put B and C in conversation. Call Override enables a subscriber to enter conversation with a subscriber that registers Call in Restricted, Absent Subscriber Service, or Do Not Disturb, etc. This function permits emergency calls to be made on a phone even with outgoing call restriction. This service is effective for all subscribers and needs no special subscription. Personal secretary enables a subscriber A to route all incoming calls to a predetermined number B within the same Centrex for filtration. After the filtration, B transfers the calls to A or handles them directly. B can serve multiple A-like subscribers. B can override Personal secretary of A. That is, B can make a call directly to A. Configure the access code of a virtual conference, including password, maximum access number and start/end time The first subscriber creates the conference through dialing access code and password, hearing the announcement of first entrance after dialing. Subscriber B hooks off and dials the access code and password, hearing the announcement of entering conference. A and B begins a conversation and other subscribers can enter conference by dialing virtual access code. Centrex is also named virtual subscriber exchange. It uses public network to form a private network, offering virtual PBX service to public network subscribers. WAC service is provided to those who have the requirement of centralized dealing but located decentralized. This is a value added service which heritages the services of PSTN Centrex and combines the flexibility of IP network. Since IP network is the load network of SoftSwitch, the Centrex provided by SoftSwitch has more special services compared to the one provided by traditional PSTN.

Outgoing Call Barring Auto Lock to Call restrict

Interception Of Calls Multiple Subscriber Numbers Call Transfer Call Override Emergency Call Override

Secretary Service

Virtual Conference

IP Centrex

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

Services Missed Call Notification

Description If the user has registered this service, when a call is missed, he or she will hear "You have a missed call. Please dial #*99 to query" when picking up the phone. The subscriber can force the call of the called party be released after registering this service. Incoming calls of the user whose Restrict DEST Code service is activated will not be barred. Up to 10 destination codes can be defined in the DEST code restriction list for each user. A DEST code can be a prefix, country code, area code, office code, Special Service number or subscriber number (the maximum digit length is 40-digit). Emergency calls of the user whose Restrict DEST Code service is activated will not be barred. The ratio of the Restrict DEST Code service users is 10% This service allows the PSTN user to bar outgoing destination codes; however, incoming calls to the user will not be barred. Up to 10 destination codes can be defined in the Connect DEST code list. A DEST code can be a prefix, country code, area code, office code, Special Service number or subscriber number (the maximum digit length is 40-digit). Emergency calls of the user whose Connect DEST Code service is activated will not be barred. The ratio of the Connect DEST Code service users is 10%. This service allows the PSTN user to bar incoming calls from specified source codes; however, outgoing calls from the user will not be barred. Up to 10 source codes can be defined in the Restrict Source Code list. A source code can be a prefix, country code, area code, office code, Special Service number or subscriber number (the maximum digit length is 40-digit). Emergency calls from the user whose Connect Specific Source service is activated are not barred. The percentage of users connected to the specified destination number is 10%. This service allows the PSTN user to bar incoming calls from specified source codes; however, outgoing calls from the user will not be barred. Up to 10 source codes can be defined in the Connect Source Code list. A source code can be a prefix, country code, area code, office code, Special Service number or subscriber number (the maximum digit length is 40-digit). Emergency calls from the user whose Connect Specific Source service is activated are not barred. The percentage of users connected to the specified destination number is 10% Super User enables a subscriber to actively request a call-originating system to deliver the calling identity. With this service, the subscriber can forcedly display the identity of a calling subscriber with Restricted CID. The subscriber could apply for this service to the carrier. The service reservation flag will be marked in the database background. The voice announcement will be sent to the subscriber when call fails. The service reservation will be marked in the database background. The customer will hear voice announcement when call this number. The background database of the telephone office is marked with the service subscription flag. The person who dials this number will hear the voice prompt "Sorry. This telephone has registered the Suspended service".

Forced Release

Restrict (Called) DEST Code

Connect (Called) DEST Code

Restrict SOURCE Code

Connect Source Code

Super User Announce On Call failure Not Activated Suspended

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

Services Filter Using Black and White List Be a Computer Console

Description This service allow/forbid subscriber or incoming calls from a trunk to call some destination codes according to the caller party number or the trunk flag. The destination code could be prefix, nation code, area code, office code, special service code or called party number (no longer than 20). The user will be permitted to use this service when he or she registers the Be a Computer Console service and can use it after activation. This service cannot be used independently. 1. This service provides authentication of subscribers of carrier. The authentication contents include the access rights of network and all kinds of services. 2. This service also provides authentication of calling from other carrier’s network. It judges if a subscriber has the right to use the services of this network including national and international automatically services and other services. 1. This service will intercept forbidden calls and send out recorded announcement according to subscriber attributes and the number dialed for local subscribers 2. It intercepts calls between networks based on blacklist and white list. 3. It intercepts calls based on the results of authentication. 4. It intercepts incoming calls of which the caller party number is empty or incomplete. Reverse Polarity Function informs the gateway, IAD to provide the polarity reversal pulse for public calling billing. The subscriber may query the local terminal number by dialing a series of special keys, such as ‘##’ The subscriber may query the current time by dialing a special access number. SS has the ability to enable or disable choosing freely according to the rules of networks communication for pre-set subscribers. The service announcement audition of the gateway can be heard by dialing an access code and service number when MSG servers as media server. It is convenient to search and check the service announcement. Many supplementary services require a password. Each subscriber in the switch has a unique password. The subscriber shall enter the password for all supplementary services that require a password. When a subscriber registers this service, the subscriber can modify his/her own password on his/her own telephone. Different ring tones for different calling number. A subscriber could set maximum 3 different calling numbers. Each number has three options of different ring tones. This service allows subscriber operate remotely( in a phone set ) to control the call forwarding, call restriction, destination code restriction/connection, Do no disturb service, Alarm Clock, Absent Service, hot line and changing password service, etc.

Authentication

Call Barring

Reverse Polarity Function Automatically Reported Numbers Time Query User's Right to Preset or Select Service Providers Based on Call Service Announcement Audition Password Modification

Distinctive Ringing

Remote control

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

Services One Number on Two Phones Color Ring Back Tone for Called Party Color Ring Back Tone for Caller Party Non Customized Color Ring Back Tone

Description It allows a subscriber to assign another phone (cable, GSM, CDMA) as a partner. When there is an incoming call, both phones ring. Any one is picked up, the other one stops ringing. This is a called party service. The caller will hear color ring back tone instead of monotonous ring tone before the callee hooks off. These color ring back tones in terms of the ring tone/music offered by system, voice records of the subscriber or the audio file in the IN network system are pre-defined by the subscriber This is a calling party service. The caller will hear color ring back tone which is set by the calling party instead of monotonous ring tone when he make calls before the callee hooks off. These color ring back tones in terms of the ring tone/music offered by system, voice records of the subscriber or the audio file in the IN network system are pre-defined by the subscriber. It allows the subscriber choose an available sample in the database provided by the carrier as the ring back tone. Once the ring back tone is settled, it is used as the ring back tone of other non-customized subscribers (decided by the caller).

Table 4

ISDN Supplementary Service

Service Sub address Call wait

Description The subscriber can expand its capability of address searching. It is not limited to an assigned ISDN number. The subscriber will be announced there is no available line now when there is incoming call. The subscriber can choose to accept, refuse or ignore this call. The subscriber can call an integrated service auto exchange or another subscriber in other network without the intervention of the telephonist. Provide the ISDN number of the caller party to the called party. Provide the ISDN number of the called party to the caller party. The caller can restrict its ISDN number and sub address be displayed to the called party. The called party subscriber can restrict its ISDN number be displayed to the caller party. All the incoming calls will be forwarded to another number by the network. All incoming calls will be forwarded to another ISDN number when the called ISDN is busy without interrupting the existing service. All incoming call will be forwarded a predefined number when the called ISDN number doesn’t answer. This service is for holding the calling and restoring the call The terminal can be moved from one plot to another plot when under the calling allowed condition. The call can be transferred from one terminal to another terminal under the calling allowed condition.

Direct Dial Incoming Caller Line Identification Providing Called Identification Providing COLP Caller Line Identification Restriction Called Line Restriction COLR Call Forwarding Unconditional Call Forwarding on Busy Call Forwarding No Answer Calling Hold Terminal Portability

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

Service User –User signaling

Description This service allows an ISDN subscriber receives and sends out limited message to other ISDN subscribers by the related signaling channel. These messages are transparent to the network. When the caller converses with the callee, a new subscriber can be added. The three parties perform conversation. When the subscriber is on hook, if he hasn’t dialed in the certain interval, a predefined called number will be connected. When the subscriber is on hook, if he hasn’t dialed in the certain interval (5 seconds), a predefined called number will be connected. This service alerts the subscriber at the specified time by using the ring of the phone. The subscriber can not call some numbers by registering this service. The subscriber can cancel this service or change restrictions by special operation. The incoming calls are not influenced by this service. This service is to avoid someone else make calls without permission when the subscriber leaves. This service let the subscriber to not be disturbed by incoming calls. Instead, the office will answer the incoming call. The outgoing call will not be affected. It includes do not disturb unconditionally and conditionally. This service provides the function to allocate multiple ISDN number to a single public or private access. The call will be intercepted automatically when the called party number is empty or changed, or the route is closed temporarily. The subscriber will hear answer from answeragent device. This service is effective for all subscribers and needs no special subscription. No toll call will be forwarded while toll call will be forbidden forwarding after subscriber orders this service. It is in use only if subscriber registered call forwarding service. Incoming call is not allowed to forward as toll call after subscriber orders this service. It is in use only if subscriber registered call forwarding service. 。Multi party can be conversing through the organizer. This function permits emergency calls to be made on a phone even with outgoing call restriction. This service is effective for all subscribers and needs no special subscription. When harassed by anonymous malicious calls, the subscriber can query the numbers of such malicious calls at the office end by pressing keys or using other simple methods. This is a supplemental service of malicious call tracking. All the incoming call will be recorded in the office alarm system if a subscriber orders this service.

Three-Party Conversation Hot- Line Delay Hot-Line Alarm Clock Service

OCB Outgoing Call Restriction

Do Not Disturb

Multiple Subscriber Number

Pick up service

No incoming Toll call forwarding The call is forbidded to be forwarded as toll call Conference Call Emergency Call Override

Malicious Call Tracking

Immediate Malicious Call

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Service Absent Service Called Destination code connection Called Destination code Restriction Caller Destination code connection Caller Destination code Restriction

Description The voice answer is instead for the incoming call. General the answer informs the calling party that the called subscriber is out of home. This service allows a subscriber can only call the pre-defined destination codes but no restriction of incoming calls. The incoming calls of subscriber registering this service are not influenced. This service allows a subscriber can only be called by the predefined destination codes but no restriction of outgoing calls. This service allows a subscriber can only be called by the predefined destination codes but no restriction of outgoing calls. Many special service need password to apply. Each subscriber has a unique password which is used for all the new service that needs password in the exchange. A subscriber can change his password on the phone when apply for this service. This service allows subscriber A operate remotely( in phone B) to control the call forwarding, call restriction, destination code restriction/connection, no disturbing service, Alarm Clock, Absent Service, hot line and changing password service.

Password changing

Remote control

5.3

IP Value Added Service
ZXSS10 SS1b provides IP value added service by interworking with ZXUP10. They are listed in the following table. ZXUP10 consists of two parts: PARLAY gateway and application serve. PARLAY gateway communicates with SS via SIP protocol to choose proper protocol for calling from SS. PARLAY can control the media serve directly, offering media sources for calling service. It offers charging function of related service and offers API interface to application serve (includes third party application serve). Application serve is responsible for implementation and management of all kinds of value added and smart service. Application serve communicates with PARLAY gateway through PARLAY/CORBA.

Table 5

IP Value-added Service

Service WEB CALL

Description WEB CALL enables the subscribers to make a call by clicking the called party number in the WEB page. This is the WEB-based callee-paid call service. The call is originated from a PC, and information is input and selected on the WEB page. The service user can manage his/her information through the WEB page. The administrator manages service users through the Web page.

WEB 800

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

Service

Description This is the WEB-based conference call service. The conference information is displayed on web pages. The conference chairman books a conference on the web page and manages the conference in real time. A conference member may attend the conference in convergence mode or divergence mode, and his application for conference is submitted to the chairman through the WEB page. The user can make a call on any phone set and need not immediately pay for the call charge. Instead, the charge is recorded to a specified account. Digitalize the audio information, electronic information (like e-mail), text information (like fax) and store them in the same format. The sender could send out the information by any method such as e-mail, fax, audio e-mail, cellphone or phone. All the information will be transformed and stored in the centre mail box of this system. The receiver can access the server at any time, any place by any tool to attain information. The user uses a unique Personal Telecom Number (PTN) to access any network and span multiple networks to make and receive all kinds of calls. According to user's requirements, PTN can be translated into the corresponding communication number for routing and connecting incoming calls to the location specified by the user. Calls are not limited by the geographical factor. After the user registers the CRBT service, the incoming call to this user will trigger the CRBT service and CRBT will be played to the caller. This service provides comprehensive digital assistant service, involving click-todial, click-to-conference, click-to-fax, network directory, call record and message summary, intelligent call, intelligent route, Presence, UM, and application sharing function. In this way, the user can have a comprehensive digital communication platform.

Web conference

Account card

UMS

One Number (ONLY)

CRBT

SoftDA

5.4

Other Service
Table 6 Other IP Value-added Service

Service

Description VIP attendant console centralize the service of existing attendant consoles, standard attendant console, simple attendant console, computerized attendant console. These attendant consoles can be configured stand alone or work together according to the subscriber’s requirement. The service include automatic queuing, calling allocation, service at night, attendant interception /insert/forced release, attendant console forwarding, multiple groups calling, telephone conference, alarm clock, calling status indication, called party number editing, keypad, abbreviation dialing and number index and so on. ZXSS10 SS1b provides point to point video service which is also named video phone. ZXSS10 SS1b provides multi-media conference by interworking with video system of ZTE.

Attendant console

Multi-media Video Service

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ZXSS10 SS1b Product Description

6

Networking and Application
ZXSS10 SS1b provides various kinds of networking according to different requirements and network environments. It has the powerful ability of expanding, system processing and completing product series. It meets the requirements of large- scale networking of telecommunication operation and medium-level, small enterprise even the communities. In all, ZXSS10 SS1b can provide networking of backbone international and national tandem office and local network (class 5). It has been applied to the following scene or the combination of these applications.

6.1

C5/Local Switch Application
ZXSS10 SS1b can act as C5/local Switch of PSTN. It accesses the local network by SoftSwitch and AG, SoftSwitch and IAD, SoftSwitch and smart terminals. It provides interface and service to the subscribers directly. ZXSS10 SS1b supports SIP, H.248, MCGP, NCS, H.323 protocol; it can access various IP terminals or access gateway through above protocol. For the replace of PSTN local switch, AG or MSAG usually has been adopted.

6.2

C4/Tandem Office Application
ZXSS10 SS1b supports the local Tandem office networking. ZXSS10 SS1b collects all call from PSTN LS through TG/SG; in this situation, it acts as C4/Tandem Office. TG/SG performs TDM signaling and media conversion function.

6.3

Integrated Local and Tandem Office Application
ZXSS10 SS1b supports the uniform end and tandem office networking. It provides the tandem office service through TG/SG tandem the end traffic. It accesses the subscriber terminals including IAD, AG directly. It supports the application of multiple area codes networking. End and Tandem office is the common networking of SoftSwitch with the development of fixed network.

6.4

Toll Office Application
ZXSS10 SS1b provides the toll office service as one of the earliest application of SoftSwitch. The typical configuration is ZXSS10 SS1b+ZXMSG9000. ZXSS10 SS1b is in charge of calling control, resource allocation, billing and signaling protocol control. Media gateway ZXMSG9000 acts as the SG and TG, communicating with local network by signaling 7. SIP-I is adopted in the communications between ZXSS10 SS1b.

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6.5

Toll and Tandem office Application
ZXSS10 SS1b supports the toll and tandem office networking. It provides tandem office service by tandem end office traffic through TG/SG. It provides toll office service connecting the toll traffic at the same time.

6.6

International Gateway Application
ZXSS10 SS1b supports the international gateway office networking featuring by big capacity, great processing ability, high reliability, openness and expansibility. It has been applied in the International Switch Center of China Telecom successfully. ZXSS10 SS1b offers the international incoming call, outgoing call and transiting call connection. It can connect the call to the media resource recording device after analyzing the number. It provides different audio playing according to the nation of the gateway. ZXSS10 SS1b supports national and international signaling. One trunk module support multiple signaling, including ITU ISUP,ITU TUP,ANSI ISUP,ANSI TUP ,R1,R2,R5,DSS1 and SIP-I. It has the function of translating all kinds of signaling. ZXSS10 SS1b can provide Lawful Interception interface for legacy circuits, assigned caller TDM and IP call session. It meets ETSI standard. ZXSS10 SS1b provides the traffic management function. It limits the calling time with carriers of opposite country within a pre-defined time by traffic control. For example, if the conversation time of outgoing calls to a certain carrier is longer than the pre-defined time, the routing of left traffic will be transferred to the circuit of other carriers of this country. ZXSS10 SS1b supports international automatically or semi-automatically connection. It provides speech path fax function and supports T.30/T.38 fax protocol.

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7
7.1

OAM Management
Overview
ZXSS10 SS1b provides perfect OAM function to support local management and maintenance. ZXSS10 SS1b supports the remote network management based on SNMP and centrally network management. The network management central can manage ZXSS10 SS1b and other NE equipments in a united manner. ZXSS10 SS1b can be managed as one of the NE equipments in NetNumen N31 in a unified manner. NetNumen N31 is the integrated network management platform of ZTE. NetNumen N31 provides uniform management of various kinds of NE equipment, particularly to one or multiple equipments under the united platform. These managing NE is imbedded in network management system as function components. They could be loaded according to the type of equipment being really controlled to implement the point to point management of equipments.

Figure 5

ZXSS10 SS1b network management

7.2

Configuration Management
The relevant attributes of the equipment and service can be configured to provision the network and launch service. The system supports the GUI operation mode or operates the equipment in the MML mode by accessing ZXSS10 SS1b background database server remotely over Telnet.

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The data configuration of the system involves the following aspects: 1 2 3 4 5 Global data configuration;. Topological data configuration; Protocol data configuration; Service data configuration; Policy management data configuration;

7.3

Performance Management
1 Dynamic Data Management In the SoftSwitch system, data such as user data, trunk circuit, signaling office direction, gateway node and TID resource change with the running of the system constantly. The dynamic data management of ZXSS10 SS1b system can track and view these resources in real time, and block or unblock them. It is an effective means to help users to learn the running condition of the network and equipment. 2 Traffic Statistics

ZXSS10 SS1b traffic statistics is used in the statistics and analysis of various traffic in the system, network status monitoring, call number statistics of each connection, statistics of public equipment working condition, and classification statistics based on the destination code, trunk, media gateway and protocol. This function enables users to learn the running condition of the equipment more accurately, detailedly and conveniently. It is convenient to configure existing network data reasonably according to the traffic condition and seek the fault. ZXSS10 SS1b traffic statistics provides abundant statistic models, including: service indication statistic, protocol statistic, system performance statistic, system resource statistic and instant traffic observation. Some detailed models include: trunk group statistic, office statistic, destination code statistic, gateway statistic, CPU utilization rate statistic, single board CAPS statistic,public resource statistic(like audio board , number receiving device), traffic statistic, Centrex group statistic, softswitch areas statistic, intelligent service statistic. The protocols and signaling being supported are as followings: H.248,MGCP,SIP,ISUP,SCCP,SCTP,M3UA,IUA,INAP,TCAP,TCAP,MAP/MAP+ and so on. It also supports statistics of protocol faults reasons and No 7 signaling resource. The service provides full examination of service quality, like monitor of trunk condition, monitor of QOS of package media, service congestion and so on. ZXSS10 SS1b is powerful and accurate in traffic statistic according to plenty of predefined parameters. The statistic contents are in compliance with “technical specification of exchange” and its supplementary specification of post ministry, “network management specification of softswitch of China Telcom”. The protocol statistic is in compliance with ITU-T and IETF. ZXSS10 SS1b adopts a four-layer statistic structure-- task/object group/object/statistic entity, which can be configured flexibly. A statistic task is a task defined by subscriber or
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the system. A statistic task has the following attributes: task number, type of task, number of statistic group(statistic group is a set of statistic objects , statistic object is the object of the task, like trunk group, media gateway and so on), date( the start date and end date of the task), busy period (4 busy periods could be defined),statistic cycle(the minimum cycle of task, like day, week, month), output cycle(the minimum interval of task output, the minimum unit is 5 minutes). The statistic cycle and time can be configured flexibly. Statistic entity is the main body of statistic task. Different tasks can register different entities. The statistic entities includes: the utility rate of trunk group, the rate of usage of trunk, the rate of utility of answer, the total answer traffic, the total through traffic, total used traffic, answer/calling rate, rate of through, average answer time, average through time, average utility time, answer traffic, through traffic, used traffic, overflow rate, the rate of put through of network, answer traffic per line, through traffic per line, used traffic per line, used circuits, on land calling, connecting calling, traffic control and other reason effected calling, intercepted calling, refused calling, protocol fault, unassigned, IAD offline, congestion of exchange device, low capability of loading, inaccessible routing, unready media, authentication failure, restricted calling, resource unusable, no answer, subscriber busy, trunk busy, release ring before answer, release call before answer, partial number , empty number, no dialing for a long time, closed circuit, idle circuit, total circuits, answering time, conversation time, taken time, number of answering time, number of getting through time, trunk taken time, trunk calling time, time unit and so on. ZXSS10 SS1b can set a threshold of a statistic item. An alarm will be generated when the statistic value surpasses the threshold. Different alarm level is set based on the threshold value. ZXSS10 SS1b finishes the service statistic task automatically through traffic statistic module. The subscriber can assign the task in the MML mode or GUI mode. The output results could be set as output automatically or checked by command. The automatic output includes two kinds: threshold output and disk output. If the threshold output is chosen, it is able to set a threshold for every entity in the step of entity threshold setting. The disk output will output the results not only in the screen but also store them in the pre-defined file of the disk. The output unit is statistic task. Every task has many output ways: report printing, screen browsing, and file output. The output formats include standard grid statistic report, graphic reports like bar graph, curve diagram and so on. The user could set the statistic item and format of the report. ZXSS10 SS1b traffic statistic supports classifying the statistic object groups based on the rights and areas. For example, it is able to customize destination code or the trunk circuits object groups for every local network in the province level of network management. It simplifies the complicated task customizing course and implements the management of traffic results by area. NetNumen N31 provides the traffic data acquirement of ZXSS10 SS1b. The upper network management system access the traffic data by FTP interface.

7.4

Fault Management
The fault management of ZXSS10 SS1b includes test of system and fault diagnosis. The test of system is an important assurance of system test maintenance, system stable running and maintenance improvement. The system test provides cycle test and immediate test; both are able to choose the test objects through friendly user interface.

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For cycle test, the start cycle and start time could be set. The result of diagnosis can be stored, displayed, searched and printed in the background network. The contents of diagnosis includes: shelf single board running, check the outside network and internal communication by NIC, check, NIC net interface performance statistic, trunk group usage detection, SCTP connection condition detection, H.248 gateway condition detection, port flow of SSN inquiry, data diagnosis, performance observation. Fault diagnosis check whether some function module is normal or correct. The diagnosis function determines where the fault possibly exists based on the test result and generates an alarm. ZXSS10 SS1b faults diagnosis methods in common use include: online condition diagnosis, communication diagnosis, heart beat diagnosis, process condition diagnosis, running condition diagnosis, rate of CPU utility diagnosis, endless loop diagnosis and so on.

7.5

Alarm Management
ZXSS10 SS1b background alarm system is responsible for monitoring the running status of the soft switching control equipment in real time. NetNumenN31 provides analysis of alarm information and display it to the maintainer in a visible way. In the meantime, it reports the alarm information to the upper layer network management system in real time. NetNumenN31 provides northbound interface to transfer the alarm generated by ZXSS10 SS1b to the third party network management system in real time. The alarm information includes alarm number, alarm code, alarm location, device flag, alarm level, alarm type, alarm time, alarm instruction and so on. One operator can only monitor the network node alarm in the area where he has management permission based on the rule of management by rights and areas. In the operator’s management area, he can customize the alarm filter rules according to the network node type, alarm type, alarm level, alarm code and reason code.

7.6

Security and Authentication Management
The security management serves to ensure legal system usage of users. The security management can manage users, user groups and roles. By managing users, user groups and roles, it provides a security control for operators in the security management operation. Login authentication is used to prevent invalid users from accessing the system. The operation authentication method is used to provide a security control for operators’ operation.

7.7

Log Management
Log management includes recording, query and deletion of the system log and operation log.

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The system log file records all the relevant operation of system and running information of network management, including: 1 System log: the running records of system and all modules, including: system set up, system shut down, running courses of all modules; fault information of system running interrupting, module running interrupting. Security log: information of subscriber login and logout. Operation log: recording the courses of user accessing the system, including access function modules, the operation, the time of operation, the result of operation and so.

2 3

The policy management module of NetNumenN31 performs customized strategies for the storage and deleting of logs and alarms. The default strategy is that store online logs for three months, after that the log file will be derived as local file and transferred to CD or tape and other memory medium. NetNumenN31 provides perfect system backup function to support backup, restore and copy of database. It is able to backup the assigned database to outside memory medium, enabling the users to use this information on line.

7.8

Others
Apart from above functions, ZXSS10 SS1b can perform functions of signaling tracing, announcement management, file management, rack management and version and file management. The signaling tracing module of ZXSS10 SS1b displays the interacting courses of protocols in the running equipment in real time. So far, the tracing of following protocols are supported: MGCP, H.248, SIP, BICC, MAP/MAP+, CAP, INAP, TUP/ISUP, M3UA, SCTP, IUA,Q.931,V5UA,V5,RADIUS,H.323.

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8
8.1

Billing and Accounting
Billing Mechanism
Figure 6 ZXSS10 SS1b billing system

ZXSS10 SS1b performs user signaling processing, calling connection and relevant media controlling. All the detailed billing information is provided by ZXSS10 SS1b. No matter what kind of terminals and calling type, ZXSS10 SS1b generates the user raw billing information in the same mechanism. The difference between the information is the content in some field. This information then reaches the background CDR server as CDR (Call Detail Record) file. The CDR file will be stored and has backup for the future inquiry. The raw billing information includes call ID, called ID, start time, end time, lasting time of conversation and so on. The billing data can be outputted immediately once the call finishes. For the long time conversation, the bill can be outputted during the conversation. The detailed billing records can meet the different billing strategies. ZXSS10 SS1b supports outputting bill during the conversation. ZXSS10 SS1b adopts a four level storage (memory buffer, file buffer, billing server buffer and billing centre storage) to ensure the security of bill. The process is as following: after a calling finishes, the bill of this calling is generated and recorded to the bill backup file of foreground and transferred to the bill server meantime. The bill server generates the backup of the bill file. It provides the function of bill format conversation according to the requirement, generating the bill file cyclic or in pre-defined size when outputting bill file to billing centre. The bill file transferring destination could be configured. One bill file can be transferred to one or multiple destinations at one time. The bill can be stored in different folders based on the areas and be accessed by different billing centre. The billing server provides several ways of billing file generation: generating in a certain time, generating in the multiple of a pre-defined time, generating periodically, generating based on the quantity of bill.

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Generating in a certain time, that is, billing file is generated in the pre-defined time. Generating in the multiple of a pre-defined time, billing file is generated in the multiple of a pre-defined time. Generating periodically, billing file is generated periodically. Generating based on the number of bill. When the number of bill reaches a limit, the billing file will be generated, having nothing to do with time. The second and fourth ways can be enabled both, which means, if the number of bill reaches the limit but the current time does not match the pre-defined time, the bill file also will be generated. ZXSS10 SS1b provides various formats of bill: ordinary binary bill of ZTE 559 bytes, ZXJ10 raw bill, 97 national standard bills, and 2002 national standard bill. ZXSS10 SS1b CDR server is based on high performance PC server hardware platform, supporting backup.

8.2

Billing System Interface
ZXSS10 SS1b interconnects with the billing centre by standard protocols, transferring call detailed records (CDR). The billing centre offers Radius interface and FTP interface. For common service, billing centre can access the CDR by FTP. For account card or pre-paid service, ZXSS10 SS1b adopts Radius protocol to transfer CDR to billing centre in real time. It provides off line function in real time.

8.3

Accounting Interface
A real-time interface for subscriber data modification and obtainment exists between ZTE SS1b and the accounting system. The subscriber data which can be modified include the basic subscriber data (subscription, cancel subscription, suspension, activation, inactivation), subscriber authority service data (call authority, service application, service cancellation, etc.), and subscriber service customized data (customization and modification of specific service data). ZXSS10 SS1b provides MML accounting interface. The MML interface interacts over TCP/IP protocol. The account system implements relevant accounting functions by invoking a series of man-machine commands. The accounting interface device can manage lots of network nodes and be set with network interface in physical. The accounting interface interacts in two ways: SOCKET programming and Telnet. For SOCKET programming, the accounting interface device is the server while the accounting system is client. The communication ports can be configured. For Telnet, the accounting interface device is the Telnet server while the accounting system is Telnet client. We recommend the SOCKET programming. The accounting interface device usually has double network cards, connecting DCN network and service network separately. This is to set up and maintain the communication links between accounting interface device and network nodes and the

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one between accounting interface device and accounting system and to receive the man-machine commands of accounting system. The subscriber data operation on the business hall terminals is synchronized with the subscribers’ data modification via the Web self-management tools through the MML interface between the accounting system server and the ZTE SS1b.

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9
9.1

Performance Index
System Capability
Maximum Process Capability: 30M BHCA Maximum Signaling Points: 1,024 Maximum Accessed Signaling Gateway: 1,000 Maximum Accessed Media Gateway: 2,000,000 Maximum Number Analysis Capability: 500,000 Maximum Trunk Group Capacity: 8,000 Maximum Route: 65,535

9.2

System Availability
ZXSS10 SS1b is carrier-class core network equipment. All important processing cards support warm backup and hot swappable. It meets the requirement of 99.999 % reliability of carrier-class equipment. The longest failure time is less than 5.3 minutes. Mean time between failures (MTBF) : >=69000 hours Maximum Fault Time : <= 5.3 minutes Mean time to recovery (MTTR) : <= 30 Minutes System Availability: >=99.999%

9.3

Billing
Precision:10ms Accuracy:≥99.9999% (Error rate: < 10 )
-6

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10
10.1

parameters of device
Physical Port
Provides 100Base-T Ethernet interface which obeys Ethernet standards: IEEE802.3, IEEE 802.3u.

10.2

Physical Size
cabinet:19",600mm×800mm×2000mm((width ×length×height)) shelf:12U tall,482.6 mm × 490 mm × 532.6 mm (width ×length×height)
Figure 7 ZXSS10 SS1b cabinet and shelf

10.3
10.3.1

Environmental Requirements
Consumption
DC: -57V to -40V The maximum single-shelf power consumption is calculated by power consumption sum of all configured boards/0.8. Power consumption of SoftSwitch boards and units are listed in Table 7.

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Table 7

Power consumption of SoftSwitch boards and units

Board SSC ESC SPC ESPC NIC SSN TIC SSNI CSN CSNI GNIC SPOWB SPWBP SPWBF Power Inserting Alarm Box

Average consumption per 8 hours (W) 24 35 22 30 25 20 1 1 25 2 25 55 15 55 30 20

10.3.2

Electricy Requirement
DC:-57V~-40V 。 AC:220V±10%,50Hz±5%,waveform distortion<5%。

10.3.3

Requirements of Temperature & Humidity
The requirements of temperature & humidity are listed in the table:

Table 8

Temperature and Humidity Requirements

Project

temperature (() Temperature for long-term operation Temperature for short-term operation -5(~50(

humidity(%) ( ) Humidity for long-term operation 5%~85% Humidity for short-term operation 5%~90%

range Notes: −

5(~40(

Ambient refers to conditions at location 1.5m above the floor and 400mm in front of the equipment.

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Short-term refers to a period of not more than 96 consecutive hours and a total of not more than 15 days in 1year.

10.3.4

Other Notes
About the requirements of grounding, electrostatic, electromagnetic interference suppression, dustproof, noise control, lighting and atmospheric pressure, please read the user references.

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Glossary
Abbreviations AG API AS BHCA BOSS BRI CDR CORBA DHCP DTMF HTTP HLR IAD IN INAP IUA ISUP KPI LAN M2UA M3UA MAC MAP MG MGC MGCP MML NE NGN OAM Full Characteristics Access Gateway Application Program Interface Application Server Busy Hour Calling Attempt Business Operation Supporting System Basic Rate Interface Call Detail Record Common Object Request Broker Architecture Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Dual Tone Multi-Frequency Hypertext Transfer Protocol Home Location Register Integrated Access Device Intelligent Network Intelligent Network Application Part ISDN User Adaptation ISDN ISDN User Part ISDN Key Performance Indicators Local Area Networks MTP-2 User Adaptation MTP-2 MTP-3 User Adaptation MTP-3 Media Access Control Mobile Application Part Media Gateway Media Gateway Control Media Gateway Control Protocol Man- Machine Language Network Element Next Generation Network Operation, Administration, Maintenance

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Abbreviations PBX PE PRI POTS QOS Radius SCN SCP SCTP SG SIGTRAN SIP SLA SNMP SS SS7 SSP STP TG V5UA VLAN VPN

Full Characteristics Private Branch exchange Provider Edger Router Primary Rate Interface Plain Old Telephone Service Quality of Service Remote Authentication Dial In User Service Switched Circuit Network Service Control Point Stream Control Transmission Protocol Signaling Gateway Signaling Transport Session Initiation Protocol Service-Level Agreement Simple Network Management Protocol SoftSwitch Signaling System No.7 Service Switch Point Signaling Transfer Point Trunk Gateway V5.2 User Adaptation V5.2 Virtual Local Area Network Virtue Private Network

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