SULIT

Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa

10
(c) The Diagram 3.2 shows two animals P and Q. Rajah3.2 menunjukkan dua haiwanP dan Q.

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P

Diagram3.2 Rajah3.2
State one common characteristic animals P and Q have.

Nyatakan satu ciri sepunya bagiP dan Q.

[1mark]

I

markahl

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SULIT

7N

SULIT
Untuk Kegunaan
Pemerik.sa

12

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Energy exists in various forms. Diagram 4.1 shows one of the various forms of energy. knagawujud dalam banyak bentuk. Rajah 4.1 menunj ukkan salah satu daripada bentuk tenaga.

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'=,{
+-"iE

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Diagram 4.1 Rajah 4.1
(a)

Name the form of energy that exist in the food shown in Diagram 4.1 above. Namakan bentuk tenaga yang terdapat di dalam makanan seperti dituniukkan dalam Rajah 4.1 di atas.

[1 mark]

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markahl

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(b) Diagram 4.2 shows a source of energy.

13

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Untuk Kegunaan Penteriksa

Rajah 4.2 menunjukkan satu sumber tenaga.

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Diagram4.2 Rajah 4.2

(i)

State the energy changes which occur in the windmill inDiagram 4.2. Nyatakan perubahan tenaga yang berlaku pada kincir angin pacla Rajah 4.2

ll
(ii)

I

mark] markahl

Based on Diagram 4.2, state one advantage of this source of energy. Berdasarkan Rajah 4.2, ny-atakan sotLt kelebihcm bogi stunber tenaga ini.

II

[1 mark] markahl

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5sl2
SULIT

SULIT
Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa

18

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(i)

State the condition of the volume and the air pressure in the glass jar in Table 5.1.

Nyatakan keadaan isipadu dan teknnan di dalam balang knca dalam Jadual5.l.
Stmcture of model

X

Y

Struktur model Volume in the glass jar

Isipadu di
balang kaca

dalam

Pressure in the glass

jar

Tekanan
balang kaca

di

dalam

[2 marks]
12

markahl

(c)

Diagram 5.3 shows a campaign by the government. Rajah 5.3 menunjukkan satu kempen oleh kerajaan

oj?*

Diagram 5.3 Rajah 5.3

(i)

State one problem in the respiratory system for those who ignore this campaign. Nyatakan satu masalah dalam sistem respirasi bagi seseorang yang mengabaikan

kempen ini.

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19 Most smoker find it difficult to stop smoking. Give one reason Kebanyakanperokokmendapati sukar untukberhentimerokok. Berikan satu sebab.

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Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa

[1 mark]

ll
(d) Diagram 5.4 shows two sources of air pollution. Rajah 5.4 menunjukkan dua punca pencemaran udare.

markahl

Diagram 5.4 Rajah 5.4

(i)

State one harmful effect on human respiratory system caused by these sources. Nyatakan satu kesctn bahaya terhadap sistem respirasi manusia yang disebabkan oleh sum be r-sumbe r i ni.

[1mark]

ll

markahl

(ii)

Suggest one way to reduce these pollutant.

Cadangkan satu cara untuk mengwrangkan bahan pencemar ini.

[1 mark]

ll

markahl

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55/2 SCIENCE PMR Ogos 2012

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN PENILAIAN MENENGAH RENDAH 2012

SCIENCE KERTAS 2 PERATURAN PERMARKAHAN

UNTUK KEGUNAAN PEMERIKSA SAHAJA

___________________________________________________________________________ Peraturan pemarkahan ini mengandungi 17 halaman bercetak

1

No 1(a)

Mark Scheme Able to name the class of animal P, Q and R correctly Answer

Mark

P: Reptilia

Q: Amphibian

R: Mammals

* 3 correct = 2 marks * 2 correct = 1 mark 1(b) Able to match with its characteristic correctly. Answer
Animals Haiwan P Characteristics Ciri-cirinya Giving birth to live young. Melahirkan anak

2

1

Q

Laying eggs without shell. Bertelur tidak bercengkerang.

1

R

Laying eggs with shell. Bertelur bercengkerang

1

3

2

No 1(c)

Mark Scheme Able to choose animal which has the same class as animal R. Answer

Mark

1

1 TOTAL A1 6

3

No 2 (a)(i)

Mark Scheme Able to name the structure of L. Sample Answer 1. Valve 2. Bicuspid valve Notes: If the name of the valve mention, only accept only bicuspid valve.

Mark

1

1

2(a)(ii)

Able to state the function of structure L. Sample Answer 1. To ensure that the flow of blood is in one direction. 2. To ensure blood flows in one direction from the left atrium to the left ventricle. Notes: If sample answer is chosen, only accept the direction from the left atrium to the left ventricle.

1

1

2(b)(i)

Able to name the part labelled T. Answer 1. Phloem 1 1

2(b)(ii)

Able to state the function of the part labelled U. Sample Answer 1. Transport water and dissolved mineral salts. 2. Transport water and dissolved mineral salts from the root to the other part of the plant. 3. Helps to support the plants.

1

1

4

No 2(c)(i)

Mark Scheme Able to choose the person entitle to receive Sofea’s blood. Answer

Mark

Patient Pesakit

Blood Group Kumpulan Darah

O

Emelda

AB

Emeriz

B

Erizmi

1

1

2(c)(ii)

Able to state the type of blood which is called as universal donor Answer 1. Group O TOTAL A2 1 1 6

5

No 3(a)

Mark Scheme Able to label the position of pectorial girdle correctly. Answer
Pectorial girdle Lengkungan pelvis

Mark

1

1

3(b)(i)

Able to state the support system of the whale Answer Water buoyancy 1 1

3(b)(ii)

Able to give reason correctly Answer The whale has small endoskeleton that does not much support to its body weight. 1 1

3(c)

Able to state one common characteristic correctly. Answer Both animals have endoskeleton 1 1

3(d)

Able to explain why water vertebrates can grow much larger. Answer The skeleton of the animal does not have to support the whole weight of the animal because the upthrust of water does. TOTAL A3 2 2

6

6

No 4(a)

Mark Scheme Able to name the form of energy correctly. Answer 1. Chemical energy

Mark

1

1

4(b)(i)

Able to state the energy changes correctly Sample Answer 1. Changes from kinetic energy to electrical energy 2. Kinetic energy  electrical energy 1 1

4(b)(ii)

Able to state the advantage of the source of energy. Sample Answer 1. Low cost or cheap 2. Renewable 3. Can be used over and over again 4. Cannot be used up 5. Never run out 6. Can be replenish 7. Always available 8. Unlimited source 9. No pollution 10. Clean

1

1

4(c)(i)

Able to choose which coconut has a higher potential energy. Sample Answer 1. Coconut R 2. R

1

1

7

No 4(c)(ii)

Mark Scheme Able to explain how is the height of a coconut tree influence the potential energy correctly. Sample Answer 1. The higher the coconut tree, the higher the potential energy. 2. The lower the coconut tree, the lower the potential energy. 3. As the height of the coconut tree increases, the potential energy increases. 4. As the height of the coconut tree decreases, the potential energy deceases. 5. The height of the coconut tree is direct proportional with the potential energy.

Mark

1

1

4(c)(iii) Able to explain why is coconut R produced louder sound when it falls? Sample Answer 1. The coconut R tree is higher; it has a higher potential energy. These will make it has a higher energy. Because of these, it will make the sound become louder. 2. The coconut tree is higher; it has a higher potential energy and when it changes to kinetic energy, the kinetic energy also higher compared to S. Because of these, it will make the sound become louder. 1 3. Because it has a higher potential energy. 4. Because it has a higher kinetic energy. TOTAL A4 6 1

8

No 5(a)(i)

Mark Scheme Able to complete the sequence correctly. Sample Answer
Lungs R Q P

Mark

1

1

5(a)(ii)

Able to give one characteristic correctly. Sample Answer 1. Thin wall (one cell thick) 2. Lined by a thin layer of moisture 3. Surrounded by large network of blood capillaries

1

1

5(b)(i)

Able to state the condition correctly. Answer

Structure of model Struktur model Volume in the glass jar Isipadu di dalam balang kaca Pressure in the glass jar Takanan di dalam balang kaca

X increase decrease

Y decrease increase

1

1

All correct - 2 marks 2-3 correct - 1 mark 1 correct - 0 mark 5(c)(i) Able to state one problem correctly. Sample Answer 1. 2. 3. 4. Can have emphysema Heart diseases Bronchitis Lung cancer

2

1

1

9

No 5(c)(ii) Able to give a reason correctly. Sample Answer

Mark Scheme

Mark

In the cigarette contain nicotine that makes a smoker addicted to it.

1

1

5(d)(i)

Able to state the effect correctly. Sample Answer 1. Can cause breathing difficulties 2. Damage lung tissues 1 1

5(d)(ii)

Able to suggest the way to reduce pollutant correctly. Sample Answer 1. Use unleaded fuel 2. Industries should install filters on smokestacks 3. Car-pool practising TOTAL A5

1

1 8

10

No 6(a)(i)

Mark Scheme Able to state the uses of lime water. Sample Answer to check for the presence of carbon dioxide

Mark

1

1

6(a)(ii)

Able to state the result of the observation. Sample Answer limewater turns cloudy // chalky. 1 1

6(a)(iii) Able to complete the words equation from the reaction. Answer heated carbon
+

Calcium carbonate Kalsium karbonat

calcium oxide

dioxide 1

All correct - 2 marks 1 correct - 0 mark

1 2

6(a)(iv) Able to state the element correctly. Sample Answer calcium, carbon and oxygen 1 1

11

No 6(b)(i)

Mark Scheme Able to name the product formed. Sample Answer calcium hydroxide // slaked lime

Mark

1

1

6(b)(ii)

Able to state the uses of the product. Sample Answer Slaked lime is added to the soil to reduce the acidity of the soil. 1 1

6(b)(iii) Able to give a reason. Answer Slaked lime is alkali. 1 1

6(c)

Able to state changes of the colour of red litmus paper. Sample Answer ERed litmus paper turns blue.

1 TOTAL A6

1 8

12

No 7(a)(i) Able to state the observation. Sample Answer

Mark Scheme

Mark

P : Float on water//Timbul (terapung)di permukaan air Q: Sink in water//Tenggelam dalam air

1 1

* P berada di atas air Q berada di bawah air

SALAH

2

7(a)(ii)

Able to classify the object. Sample Answer
Less dense than water : Object P Denser than water : Object Q, R

1 1 2

7(a)(iii) Able to give an inference. Answer
Inference :

1. P floats on water because it less dense than water. 2. Q sink in water because it denser than water.

Or 1 1

7(a) ( iv)

Able to state the relationship. Sample Answer If the density of object is higher than density of water, it will be sink in water. or 1 If the density of object is lower than density of water, it will be float on water. 1

13

No 7(b) Able to state the prediction. Sample Answer
Cork : Float / Timbul Wood : Sink / Tenggelam

Mark Scheme

Mark

1 1 TOTAL B7 2 8

No 8(a)(i)

Mark Scheme Able to state the difference by observing the diagram. Sample Answer Teapot M is black, Teapot N is white. // Teapot M is darker than Teapot N.

Mark

1

1

8(a)(ii)

Able to state the result from observing the situation in the diagram. Sample Answer Coffee in Teapot M. // In Teapot M. // Teapot M. // M 1 1

8(a)(iii) Able to state a reason. Sample Answer The dark surface radiates heat better than the white surface. 1 1

14

No 8(b)(i)

Mark Scheme Able to read the reading of the stop watch and record the reading. Sample Answer e perat re of ater Conical flasks Kelalang kon 0 minute 0 minit Suhu air 10 minutes 10 minit C) 30 minutes 30 minit C)

Mark

20 minutes 20 minit

P

85

75

65

55

Q

85

79

73

67

1

1

No 8(c)

Mark Scheme Able to state the hypothesis correctly. Sample Answer The darker the colour of surface, the lower the temperature of water. /// if the colour of the surface is darker, the temperature of water decreases / lower. // The temperature of water lower / decreases when the colour of surface is darker.

Mark

1

1

8(d)

Able to state the variable involved in the experiment. Sample Answer

Manipulated variable Pembolehubah dimanipulasi Responding variable Pembolehubah bergerak balas

Colour of the surface / type of the surface

1
The temperature of water

1

2

15

No 8(e)(i)

Mark Scheme Able to draw a graph using the data in the table. Sample Answer
e perat re of ater Suhu air C) min ) )

Mark

90

80

70

1
60

1
50

40

30

20

10

0 10 20 30 Time ( min ) Masa di dalam kelalang kon Q ( min ) 16

2

No 8(e)(ii)

Mark Scheme Able to state the relationship between the type of surface and the temperature of water. Sample Answer 1. The temperature of water is lower when the colour of surface is dull and dark but the temperature is higher when the colour of surface is white and shiny. 2. The darker the surface, the lower the temperature of water.

Mark

1

1

8(e)(iii) Able to make a prediction Sample Answer Less than 45oC Able to define operationally the ‘heat release’ Sample answer 1. Heat release is shown by the decreasing of the temperature of water in conical flask. 2. Heat release is shown when the temperature of water in conical flask is lower. 3. Heat release is the temperature of water TOTAL B8 JUMLAH 1 1

8(f)

1

1 12 60

17

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