Annual Report 2011

CIP

Cover
Anniversary:

th

Celebrating
the impacts

International Potato Center

The International Potato Center

(known by its

Spanish acronym CIP) is a research-for-development organization with a focus on potato, sweetpotato, and Andean roots and tubers. CIP is dedicated to delivering sustainable science-based solutions to the pressing world issues of hunger, poverty, gender equity, climate change and the preservation of our Earth’s fragile biodiversity and natural resources.

Our vision is roots and tubers improving the lives of the poor.
Our mission is to work with partners to achieve food security, wellbeing, and gender equity for poor people in root and tuber farming and food systems in the developing world. We do this through research and innovation in science, technology, and capacity strengthening.

Contents

Statement from the Board Chair Foreword from the Director General Introduction CIP = A smart investment for reducing poverty and hunger Stories Seeds of success for smallholder farmers in Kenya Sweetpotato-in perpetuity: insurance for a changing world Resistance makes the difference between having enough to eat or not in the Andes Alternatives for Asia-Pacific: shining light on underground treasures to improve food security Speeding breeding to meet urgent needs in Mozambique A major boost for biofortification: new use of NIRS technology revolutionizing food fortification efforts A decade of pro-poor innovations: the Papa Andina experience Fostering farming-as-business mentality among smallholder producers Cow cafeteria: using sweetpotato as animal feed in East Africa One system, many gains from a common CGIAR corporate platform Tapping stakeholder synergies: designing the new CGIAR Research Program on Roots, Tubers, and Bananas Outputs 2011 CIP staff publications 2011 CIP in 2011 Financial report List of donors Global contact points Executive committee CIP’s internal structure Staff list CGIAR centers

4 6 9 10 13 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 37 38 49 50 52 53 56 57 58 65

STATEMENT FROM

the Board Chair

In 2011, the CIP Board of Trustees met in Beijing China, along with China’s Minister of Agriculture Han. Pictured from left to right are: S. Ayyappan, Jose Valle-Riestra, Stella Williams, Simon Best, Pamela K. Anderson (CIP, DG), Hon. Han Changfu (Minister of Agriculture), Peter VanderZaag (Board Chair), Phyllis Kibui, Zhang Taolin (Vice-Minister of Agriculture), Lu Xiaoping.

2011 was an exciting year for CIP. We celebrated the Center’s 40th
agenda into a new decade of growth, challenges, and opportunities.

anniversary

and set into place a new organizational structure to lead CIP’s management and research

Today, CIP employs a staff of over 600 people, spread across offices in nearly 30 different countries. In the coming years, we anticipate that CIP’s size and reach will expand considerably. The organization’s complexity and expected growth require strong, sophisticated management – including a full complement of senior-level administrators. They also drive the need for a flatter structure to decentralize decision-making and accountability, while also recognizing the strong and diverse leadership talent base of our staff around the world. This year, CIP instituted a new level of senior leaders at CIP headquarters and in its four regions. Several new positions were created. For the first time, CIP has a Chief Operating Officer (COO), Chief Financial Officer (CFO), and Deputy Director for the CIP China Center for Asia and the Pacific (DDG-CCCAP). In addition, there are four new Regional Operations Leaders (ROLs) for each of CIP’s global regions: Latin America-Caribbean (LAC); Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA); South,

West and Central Asia (SWCA); and East and Southeastern Asia-Pacific (ESEAP). This group will serve to help strengthen management processes, further cross-center coordination, and ensure efficient program management, donor relations, and accountability. Another important organizational change in 2011 included the refinement of CIP’s research areas. New Regional Scientific Leader (RSL) positions were created for Potato or Sweetpotato in each of CIP’s global regions. The number of Global Scientific Leaders (GSLs) was also expanded to reflect the growing importance of cutting-edge work being conducted in CIP’s global programs. Along with providing scientific leadership and oversight, these leaders identify and coordinate cross-cutting issues across regions or between geographic and global programs. Finally, seven Research Support Units were identified, with a Manager for each and a Head to oversee them all. Each unit has specific infrastructures, capital, instrumentation, facilities, and talent needed to deliver research support services and create new business opportunities. CIP maintained solid fiscal management in 2011, despite a year of financial uncertainties due to global economic conditions, and in a context of major system and funding structure changes. The consortium of international agricultural research centers, known as the CGIAR, of which CIP is a member, began implementation of fundamental reforms in 2011. These included transformations in funding structures, organizational framework, and cross-center collaborations. The approval and implementation process for 15 new cross-organizational CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs) was begun. CIP participates in seven of the CRPs. It leads the CRP on Roots, Tubers, and Bananas, which was formally approved in November and is set to begin implementation on January 1, 2012. Like CIP, the CGIAR also celebrated a 40th anniversary in 2011. As we pass this auspicious milestone together, we look forward to a promising future, built on the legacies of our shared investments, and turned to meet the challenges of a changing world. We are grateful to CIP’s staff, partners, and donors for their dedication and support. CIP’s is a great mission. We look forward to advancing it together for decades to come. Peter VanderZaag
Chair, CIP Board of Trustees

FOREWORD FROM

the Director General neral era
In 2011, CIP celebrated its
40th anniversary. We ry
are very proud of this s sulted milestone, and of the innovations and advances that have resulted from CIP’s four decades of commitment to agricultural research for development. o For this edition of CIP’s Annual Report, we have chosen to feature some of the impacts of CIP’s ure work, recognizing that much of the progress we measure today builds upon four decades of research investment and dedication. estment CIP recently conducted an analysis of returns on investment in CIP activities. The results showed that annual net benefits from CIP research have exceeded $225 million for the last 10 years. It n is an impressive sum, which clearly represents an excellent rate of return for our donors. The analysis of returns was based on 15 impact assessment case studies, spanning an , array of “technologies” (e.g., new varieties, improved seed or seed systems, integrated pest be. management) and regions around the globe. The case studies evaluate economic and poverty ctivities, reduction impacts for targeted CIP activities, conducted in collaboration with national nd partners agricultural research systems (NARS) and other key partners. l th The introductory story in this Annual Report highlights the analysis of returns study in greater e detail. Subsequent stories feature examples of some of the breadth of CIP’s impacts, from oods the provision of global public goods to illustrations of how they have changed the lives of individual end users. The stories in this report also demonstrate that often the effects of our research-forh development efforts stretch beyond economic impacts to include benefits such as increased

human capital, cultural pride, social cohesion, or management of natural resources. Further de, ement re ings ation under benefits include such things as greater preservation of biodiversity, better use of underutilized rop , o resilie root and tuber crops, and more resilient food systems, which are more difficult to quantify. ike t ake a oppo unity I would like to take this opportunity to recognize all of the individuals who have worked IP over e past P e ecades with CIP ove the pa four decades as researchers, staff members, advisors, and leaders. a eeply grateful o g We are also deeply gratef to the donors, policymakers, and other key partners who have pp ed pported s, takin de ki supported us, often taking deep personal interest in the priorities, course, and outcomes of IP’s wor s wan o acknowledge the role of all of our stakeholders, from the Heads of f CIP’s work. Finally, I want to a State, bu ness leaders, and donors to the individual extension workers, lab technicians, and ers business smallho er smallholder farmers. B sharing their ideas, inputs, and innovations they have helped us to By o esearch targ keep our research targeted and grounded in reality.
CIP • ARCHIVES

on ontinue togethe h Thank you one and all. May we continue to work together successfully through the decades to ng come, advancing CIP’s vision of roots and tubers improving the lives of the poor. Pamela K. Anderson
Director General

Introduction

CIP = A SMART INVESTMENT

for reducing poverty and hunger
Annual net benefits from CIP research have exceeded $225 million for the last 10 years, according to an analysis of impact studies conducted in 2011.
For CIP’s donors, the return on investment in CIP represents a handsome dividend, indeed. But the real beneficiaries of investments in agricultural research for development (R4D) are the research stakeholders and end-users who reap the rewards of new technologies, capacity strengthening, and improved opportunities. CIP end-users range from semi-subsistence women potato farmers in the East African highlands to small sweetpotatoproducing households in mixed crop-livestock systems in Asia, and poor potato consumers in Latin America. They also include stakeholders in National Agricultural Research Services (NARS) and partners from public, private, notfor-profit, academic, and other sectors. The challenge for R4D organizations like CIP is that large-scale impacts require sustained, long-term investments. It was not until 1990– nearly 20 years after its founding – that CIP was able to “get out of the red” with returns from research projects exceeding the organization’s annual budget. As CIP technologies matured, the impacts of those investments continued to increase. By the mid-1990s, they were generating seven times more economic value on a yearly basis than CIP’s annual expenditures. Much of the “bang for the
Varieties Seed IPM

350 300 250 200
million USD

buck” measured through CIP impact studies has resulted from improved seed technologies and the development of improved varieties. Integrated pest management practices also figure increasingly in return on investment calculations.

150 100 50 0
1971 1974 1977 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010

(Figure 1). The estimates of impacts are based on detailed case

Figure 1. Net annual benefits from CIP technologies show that returns on investment in CIP’s research are significant, but require sustained, long-term investments.

10 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

studies measuring the adoption of an array of technologies developed by CIP and its partners. In each case, the studies identify who benefits from the use of the technology and where, the adoption profile, and the additional total value that accrues from its use over time. Since benefits accumulate over a long period of time and the profile of benefits varies with each technology, researchers apply a discount when summing future benefits to calculate the net present value of the investment. Table 1 presents estimated returns on investment for various CIP technologies by crop and by region as documented in the impact studies. For example, the most recent study of varietal adoption in potatoes shows that by 2008, CIP-related varieties covered over one million hectares worldwide. Applying a discount rate of 5% gives a net present value of the investment in improved potato varieties of more than $121 million. The estimates in Table 1 are conservative. Not all success stories have been documented, nor does all CIP’s work lend itself to economic measurements. CIP’s role in the preservation of biodiversity maintains options for varietal change for future generations. CIP’s

contributions to human capital development, and to other livelihood assets such as physical capital and improved social cohesion, are undeniably important benefits. But quantifying these additional gains entails extensive research. Because impacts usually occur outside the time frame of a standard project, special attention needs to be given to funding impact work and developing an impact culture in the planning, funding, and implementation of research programs.

Net benefits from CIP research have exceeded $225 million for the last 10 years.
The trend toward lower investment in longterm global research initiatives, such as breeding, threatens to compromise these advances. Likewise, pressures from donors to produce short-term results for targeted programs are moving investment away from up-stream research that may produce the biggest impacts in the longer run. Impact studies have an important role in demonstrating the value of this strategic research, raising awareness and ensuring continued donor investment.

Table 1. Impact studies and estimated net present value of investment ($millions)
Varieties Seed systems Integrated Crop Management Potato
Cent. Africa China Peru World ($27) ($11.9) ($5.4) ($121) Tunisia India Egypt ($21) ($18) ($2.9) Tunisia - ($64) Peru Peru ($1.8) ($0.06) —

Post-harvest utilization/ enterprise development

Vietnam - 1 ($2.1) Vietnam - 2 ($5.1)

Sweetpotato

Peru

($3.0)

China

($550)

Dom.Rep. ($1.1) Cuba ($21.7)

(Sichuan-Starch, feed) (Vietnam-feed)

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 11

12 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

Stories

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 13

SEEDS OF SUCCESS SUCCE S

for smallholder farmers in Kenya rmer me
15,000 African smallholder growers are reaping higher yields and increased incomes thanks to capacity strengthening and improved potato production technologies.
CIP • D. BORUS

Christine Nashuru cuts the figure of a traditional tine Nashur h s g Maasai woman, tall and shy. She lives in the an, Transmara Distr of Kenya, in the southwestern smara District Rift Valley Province. Christine did not access formal education, but thanks to a CIP-led training course, she has pioneered the production of seed potato in her district. Christine sold over 10.3 tons of seed potato in 2010, worth over US$4,000, and she is expecting more than 80 tons of seed from her 4 acres for 2011.
This is an unusual role for a Maasai woman. By tradition, the pastoralist Maasai are consummate cattle-herders. “I hope your cattle are well”, is a standard greeting. But potatoes are taking on increased importance in Transmara District, and in the region more broadly, with rising demand. Yields remain low, however, for many farmers who lack access to quality seed or awareness of better seed management practices. In August 2009, Christine was selected to attend a course on potato seed production held in Nairobi and organized by CIP. The course focused on the use of three-generation (3G) seed multiplication strategy. The 3G seed strategy is geared to producing large numbers of minitubers, to be used as seed, through very rapid multiplication. The point is to yield sufficient, high-quality potato seed more quickly than through conventional methods in three field generations, instead of the usual seven required. The rapid multiplication means production costs are lowered, and the risk of pest or disease contamination is reduced.

Christine Nashuru (far left) is seen as a “darling of the village” and has trained other Maasai women from her district on how to grow seed and ware potato.

CIP is leading 3G projects in Kenya, Rwanda, and Uganda, with public and private partners.

14 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

The The stories of success
A Amon Mgendi, a pota farmer in the Ta potato n Taita district of Kenya, has been practicing potato Kenya p farming for several decades. But h opportunity his everal deca s. tuni to make it a lucrativ business only p lucrative usines nly presented d itself after the 3G training. training “I started planting potatoes in 1984,” s otat s 4, says Amon, “but the problem was lac of qu m w lack quality seed. For a long time I relied on potatoes from ied po oe m the local markets as seed. Many times it was M im t w Amon Mgendi stands before his shop, built from the proceeds of disastrous, as my crop was of often damaged by am his successful seed potato fields. diseases. The training opened my eyes, and ed ye now I can finance other projects with the proceeds from potatoes.” ect h Amon has been planting about o acre of seed every season, garnering a net profit of about $600 (KSh. t one 50,000). More than 100 potato farmers have since benefited from his seed. Unlike his neighbors, whose arm potato crop reeled under devastating effects of bacterial wilt and late blight in 2011, his farm stands out as center of excellence. With the earning from his potatoes, Amon has started a retail shop and a posho mill (for grinding wheat or maize into flour). Christine and Amon are not alone. According to the district reports, there are approximately 60 trained farmers working either individually or in groups who are now doing seed business in Kenya – up from only 20 when the project began.
CIP • V. GWINNER

include men, too

“Christine is now a darling of the village; she is like light put on a hill for all to see her success.”
The private sector collaboration is key to increasing capacity and broadening adoption of quality seed. It also helps accelerate the availability of improved varieties that are more adapted to local conditions and demands. With increased adoption of the 3G strategy and better management techniques, average yields have increased by 20% for more than 15,000 smallholder potato growers.

As for Christine, she has never looked back. Not only is she driving better seed production in her district, she is also training other farmers in her region, mostly women, to produce better seed and ware potatoes. As one of her trainees notes, “Christine is now a darling of the village; she is like light put on a hill for all to see her success. She has brought seed to our doorstep and trained us in potato production. We now feed our families with the nutritive potatoes.” See: Video “Seed for Change” about the role of potatoes in Africa at http://www.youtube. com/watch?v=ZDdZN1_zibQ

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 15

SWEETPOTATOIN PERPETUITY: EETPOTATOIN PERPETUIT P

insu ance insurance for a changing world
A new agreement between CIP and the Global Crop Diversity Trust is paving the way to support, conserve, and make available sweetpotato varieties today, and for the future.
the precious biodiversity of sweetpotato could be lost. “There was clear agreement among the participants of the need to regenerate sweetpotato material, which was at risk of being lost due to climate change,” explains Genoveva Rossel, sweetpotato curator for CIP’s genebank. The workshop led to an agreement, signed in 2011, between CIP and the Global Crop Diversity Trust to provide US$1 million over five years from the Trust to support the sweetpotato collection in CIP’s genebank. One of the principle functions of a genebank is to duplicate and maintain clonal collections to secure their conservation and use. The genetic diversity they hold is critical for developing varieties that can adapt to different needs and preferences of producers and consumers, and to the shifting pressures and conditions associated with climate change. The sweetpotato accessions are conserved in the genebank both as seeds and as in vitro plantlets. Cryopreservation is also used to preserve plant material indefinitely. CIP is collaborating with the Global Crop Diversity Trust and researchers from six collaborating countries to develop cryo-preservation protocols, standardizing methodologies for longterm preservation of sweetpotato accessions. “Sweetpotato specialists are a very collaborative group, here at CIP and globally,” notes Rossel. “We work with colleagues across all parts of CIP, whether it’s regarding the identification of selected clones for improved varieties, analysis of nutritional value and quality, genetic analysis, or ensuring the distribution of clean material for colleagues and institutions around the world.”

The sweetpotato germplasm collection at CIP
comprises 7,777 accessions, including 4,615 landraces (native varieties), 1,984 breeding lines (improved varieties), and 1,178 samples of wild sweetpotato. They originate from Asia, Africa, the Americas, and the Pacific Islands. It is the largest and most diverse sweetpotato collection in the world. The purpose of the collection is to conserve living samples to ensure that genetic resources are available now for use by farmers, plant breeders, and researchers, and that they are secure for the long term. Sweetpotato is the potato of the tropics. It is a tough crop, able to grow in high temperatures and arid conditions with little demand for either water or fertilizer. Sweet potato ranks as the world’s seventh most important food crop, principally because of its versatility and adaptability. The material preserved in CIP’s genebank holds great promise for the future. Sweetpotato is thought to have much potential for yield improvement, and the orange-fleshed varieties are a highly effective food for combating rampant vitamin A deficiency in Sub-Saharan Africa and parts of Asia. In 2007, sweetpotato experts from around the world gathered at a CIP-organized workshop in the Philippines to address the concern that

16 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

Sweetpotato germplasm is conserved in CIP’s genebank as in vitro plantlets, among other methods, to ensure its long term preservation, conservation, and availability.

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 17

CIP • ARCHIVES

RESISTANCE MAKES THE D FF ES THE DIFFERENCE

between having enough to eat or not ough o gh

in the Andes
xc er and Two CIP-developed potato varieties were vital in Excessive rains an an increased presence of P-developed

e face ral the fac of natural disaster and the pressures of lim ange climate change.

late blight disease have had devastating effects la ight ase in Andean regions reliant on potato for food, n Ande gion nutrition, and income. When the Cusco region nu i

Extreme weather events in the Andes, such as excessive rains and floods, are increasing the devastating effects of late blight disease, wea highlighting the importance and impact of disease-resistant varieties.

18 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

CIP • S. DE HAAN

of Peru was declared a national emergency area due to flooding, it was largely thanks to two CIP-developed late blight resistant potato varieties, called Pallay Poncho and Puka Lliclla, that the food security of local communities was preserved. “Under high stress conditions, the yield of these two potatoes has been about 8-times higher than any of the 150 native potato varieties grown in the district,” explains Stef de Haan, CIP potato breeder. He adds, “they have made the difference between having enough to eat, or not.”

“Effects of climate change are making it so that formerly untouched areas are falling victim to the potatoes most feared disease, late blight, which is causing more damage with each year.”
Under normal conditions, Pallay Poncho and Puka Lliclla give yields of 15-16 tons per hectare, compared to 5 tons per hectare with the traditional native potatoes. In periods of high late blight damage, the difference is even greater. The yields hold up for the improved varieties but drop to only around 2 tons per hectare for the traditional varieties. The first time that late blight began to wipe out potato harvests at higher altitudes in Peru was in 2003. CIP joined forces with the Peruvian Ministry of Agriculture and Peru’s National Institute of Agrarian Innovation (INIA) to address the problem. Twenty clones from CIP with expected late blight resistance went through evaluation and participatory selection with the 200 families in the affected area. After 5 years, the two clones with the best properties were chosen. They were officially
The impact of late blight disease is visible in this Andean potato field.

released by INIA as Pallay Poncho and Puka Lliclla. The highlands of Peru are continuing to experience heavier than average rains and rising temperatures. “Effects of climate change are making it so that formerly untouched areas are falling victim to the potatoes’ most feared disease, late blight, which is causing more damage with each year,” says CIP agronomist, Manuel Gastelo. Investigation by CIP suggests that small-scale farmers are not replacing traditional varieties with improved ones. Rather, as they are averse to risk, they grow the improved varieties along with numerous native ones as a sort of insurance against disaster. So far, it is a strategy that seems to be paying off.

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 19

CIP • ARCHIVES

nd shining light on underground underground treasures to improve food secu pro ove security security cur
A new project is promoting root and tuber crops to create more diverse and sustainable food systems in Asia-Pacific in the face of socioeconomic and agro-environmental changes.
“Food security in Asia-Pacific is more than just cereals,” says Dindo Campilan, who, as CIP’s Regional Lead for South Western and Central Asia, has been a major proponent for expanding the understanding of the role and potential of root and tuber crops in the region. “Even in ricebased food systems,” explains Campilan, “roots and tubers rank among the top food staples in the region, providing affordable nutrition plus key opportunities to increase incomes through greater production and the development of higher value products.” Some of CIP’s greatest impacts have been in the Asia-Pacific region. Significant economic advances and gains in livelihood assets have been measured though impact studies. Examples range from the adoption of improved potato varieties and better disease management practices for sweetpotato in China to the use of sweetpotato as animal feed in Indonesia and Vietnam, among others. The Asia-Pacific region has the highest production, consumption, and utilization of root and tuber crops in the world. Thus the potential for even greater impacts is vast. But the value of root and tuber crops remains underappreciated. Roots and tubers face a negative image in the region either as poor people’s food or as unhealthy and fattening. Potato, sweetpotato, cassava, yams, aroids, and other locally important species are highly associated with indigenous groups and resource-poor households. They are also important crisis mitigation crops in the face of natural disasters, agro-environmental changes, or food price hikes. The global grain price crisis of 2008 helped bring greater attention to the importance of these crops. In 2011, this renewed interest culminated in a new CIP program, called Food Security Through Asian Root and Tuber Crops (FoodSTART).
IFAD • ROME

ALTERNATIVES FOR A IA PACIFIC: FOR ASIA-PACIFIC:

Dindo Campilan demonstrates the diversity and versatility of root and tuber crops at an international knowledge share fair, dubbing them the region’s “underground treasures.”

20 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

FoodSTART team partners launching the program in Pasig City, Philippines, June 17, 2011

FoodSTART includes partners from key national and regional research organizations, CGIAR centers, and development partners in the public, NGO, and private sectors. Target countries include China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, and the Philippines. There is an emphasis on indigenous communities (including ethnic minorities) and on women, as critical stakeholders for reaching household food security and nutrition objectives. Priority locations are being determined through mapping and comprehensive data analysis to identify areas where reliance on root and tuber crops overlaps with high incidences of poverty and food insecurity. Forward-looking scenarios are assessing potential impacts of technological and policy interventions regarding root and tuber crops within the context of climate change pressures. Another emphasis of the program is on the versatility of root and tuber crops not only for home production, consumption, and sale but also as processed products and for use as animal feed.

“Root and tuber crops are really underground treasures. Through innovative products, policies, and capacity strengthening we can make sure their bounty isn’t wasted.”
Additional efforts are looking to boost the image and use of these crops through communication and knowledge sharing activities using media, social media, and extension workers. Program partners are also identifying root and tuber crop champions among celebrities, chefs, and program stakeholders. “Root and tuber crops are really underground treasures,” concludes Campilan, “through innovative products, policies, and capacity strengthening we can make sure their bounty isn’t wasted. Hopefully, FoodSTART will help jumpstart that effort.”

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 21

CIP • PHILIPPINES

S EDING SPEEDING BREEDING

to meet urgent needs in Mozambiq meet Mozambique
CIP is dramatically reducing the time it takes to release new potato and sweetpotato varieties – with follow-up projects to ensure dissemination and their availability to farmers.
sweetpotato types that will provide national programs with a wide range of ‘parents’ that have the preferred combination of characteristics to use in their own breeding programs,” says Mwanga. The goal regarding potato is to lessen Mozambique’s costly dependence on imported seed, at a time when consumer demand for potato is rising. “With timely availability of seed for well-adapted varieties, we can enhance the sustainability and economics of potato production in Mozambique,” notes Dieudonne Harahagazwe, a CIP seed system specialist based in Malawi. In recent years, Mozambique’s government has been prioritizing food security, including the adaptation of agricultural regulations to fast track getting seeds to the field.

Fifteen drought-tolerant orange-fleshed
sweetpotato (OFSP) varieties and seven new potato varieties were released in Mozambique in 2011 thanks to exciting approaches designed to radically shorten the time it takes to develop improved varieties. “We want to revolutionize conventional breeding, using accelerated breeding and other advanced breeding methods,” explains Robert Mwanga, a CIP sweetpotato breeder based in Uganda. With sweetpotato, the goal is to get much needed OFSP to farmers more quickly to help combat widespread vitamin A deficiency. CIP scientists and partners are using a method known as “accelerated breeding” to develop varieties rich in beta-carotene (for vitamin A) and suited to local needs, conditions, and preferences. “Accelerated breeding involves rapid multiplication of new varieties using many concurrent sites at early stages in the breeding cycle. This compares to conventional methods that use fewer sites over longer time periods,” explains Maria Andrade, a CIP sweetpotato breeder based in Mozambique. The method is cutting by half the time needed to develop new varieties. The achievements are part of a program emphasis on breeding in Africa, for Africa. “We are investing in the development of diverse

“We want to revolutionize conventional breeding, using accelerated breeding and other advanced breeding methods.”
CIP also works with partners to help ensure that new varieties actually reach smallholder farmers and enter into production, market, and consumption systems where their potential impacts on people’s lives can be realized. The release of multiple new varieties at once not only helps end users, it also benefits researchers. “Usually, only one new variety is released at a time,” explains Merideth Bonierbale, who leads CIP’s global breeding program, “so there is little possibility to understand why one variety spreads quickly

22 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

while another does not.” New varieties are all subject to the same institutional procedures and made available simultaneously to farmers and end-users. “We now have interesting opportunities to study uptake pathways,”

notes Bonierbale, “we can collect and compare information on aspects such as farmers’ and consumers’ choices, other factors that can determine varietal success, and the costs and benefits of production.”
CIP • A. NAICO

CIP’s Maria Andrade and Irene de Souza (USAID-retired), show off one of 15 newly released OFSP varieties in Mozambique thanks to accelerated breeding methods.

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 23

A MAJOR BOOST FOR BIOFORTIFICATION:

new use of NIRS technology revolutionizing food fortification efforts
A key tool pioneered and applied at CIP saves time and money in the hunt for vitamin- or mineral-rich crop samples.
breeding programs. NIRS provides a fast and low cost solution. With NIRS, CIP scientists can analyze pro-vitamin A carotenoids, iron, zinc, protein, starch, glucose, fructose, and sucrose in potato and sweetpotato in less than two minutes for a cost of only US$5. In comparison, chemical analysis of pro-vitamin A carotenoids using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) takes one hour at a cost of US$45 per sample. Similarly, chemical analysis of mineral content with Inductively Coupled Plasma spectrometry (ICP) requires 20 minutes and costs US$12 per sample. “Imagine the cost and time savings for analyzing up to 40,000 samples annually that breeding programs at CIP require,” points out Zum Felde. Preparing samples for NIRS is also much simpler than for chemical analysis, and it does not require the use of chemical solvents. In the last four years, CIP´s Quality and Nutrition Lab has evaluated more than 130,000 sweetpotato samples and over 6,000 potato samples for breeding programs. The Lab has also collaborated with HarvestPlus under the umbrella of a NIRS feasibility study to evaluate nutrients in crops such as maize, wheat, rice, cassava, millet, and beans from other CGIAR centers (CIAT, CIMMYT, ICRISAT, IITA, and IRRI). Based in Lima, the Quality and Nutrition Lab (QNLAB) is expanding its reach to create a global NIRS network. In 2011, that network began to facilitate the analysis of sweetpotato samples in SubSaharan Africa, including Uganda, Mozambique, and Ghana. Plans are to expand the network to Rwanda and China.

Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy may sound like a mouthful, but it represents a very useful and low-cost method for estimating concentrations of nutritional components in crops. Known as NIRS, it is now being used in a new way in CIP’s Quality and Nutrition Laboratory (QNLAB) that is radically strengthening the biofortification program and its potential impacts on combatting malnutrition and its devastating consequences.
Biofortification uses breeding to increase levels of nutrients such as iron, zinc, and vitamin A, which occur naturally in staple food crops. It is an effective and sustainable means for addressing nutrient deficiencies and improving health outcomes, particularly for malnourished populations in remote areas. “NIRS was traditionally used to analyze macronutrients such as protein, starch, and fat,” explains Thomas zum Felde, a CIP scientist who pioneered the adaptation of NIRS technology for evaluating critical micronutrients, such as iron, zinc, and pro-vitamin A carotenoids. The work is central to CIP’s biofortification research efforts, such as those aimed at boosting iron values in potato to address chronic anemia in the Andes and for combating vitamin A deficiency in Africa and Asia with orangefleshed sweetpotato varieties, among others. Large numbers of samples must be analyzed to identify those with naturally high nutrient values that can be used for biofortification

24 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

NIRS 4
NIRS 4 - satellite (CIP-China)
Haiti Dominican Republic Nigeria Kenya
Chiclayo San Ramón La Molina Cañete

China Bangladesh Vietnam Sri Lanka

India

NIRS 6 R
NIRS 6 - satellite (CIP-Ghana)

Tanzania Malawi Mozambique Brazil

NIRS 2
NIRS 2 - satellite (NARO-Uganda)

Indonesia

NIRS 1

NIRS 1 - master (CIP-Lima HQ)

NIRS 5
NIRS 5 - satellite (ISAR-Rwanda)

NIRS 3
NIRS 3 - satellite (CIP-Mozambique)

Sweetpotato NIRS - network locations Sweetpotato field trial locations

Future applications for NIRS may also include the ability to assess different stress tolerances in crops, since NIRS can detect and evaluate the metabolites that plants produce when subjected to stress condition. “We still have a lot of ideas to implement for meeting the needs of research,” concludes Gabriele Burgos, who leads CIP’s QNLAB. “Our vision is to be a worldwide reference laboratory for micronutrient analysis of root and tuber and other crops with a view to improving human health, reducing poverty, and alleviating hidden hunger.” Further information is available at: QNLAB www.cipotato.org/qnlab

“Imagine the cost and time savings for analyzing up to 40,000 samples annually that breeding programs at CIP require.”

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 25

A DECADE OF PROPOOR INNOVAT PROPOOR INNOVATIONS:

the Papa Andina expe ence experience er
The program’s participatory approaches have generated innovations and unleashed the potential of native potato for increasing and diversifying incomes for small-scale Andean farmers.
“Selling native potatoes to the industry has changed our lives” says Victoriano Meza, a farmer from Peru’s central Andes. It has meant additional income to build a house for his family and equip it with satellite internet “so that my children can learn quickly and get a better future.” Mr. Meza is one of thousands of small-scale Andean farmers benefitting from a new boom in the market for native potatoes, and from pro-poor innovations to link them to the native potato market chain, spearheaded by CIP’s Papa Andina program. Papa Andina is a CIP partnership program, which works in collaboration with research organizations, public partners, the private sector, and NGOs. For over 10 years it has functioned as an innovation broker in the Andean potato sectors of Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador. Product innovations from Papa Andina have opened new market niches and brought higher prices for farmers. Examples include awardwinning T’ikapapa (bagged native potatoes), packaged traditional dehydrated chuño, and native potato chips originally pioneered through Papa Andina’s Participatory Market Chain Approach (PMCA) and taken up by large, multi-national companies. By promoting the integration of corporate social responsibility, Papa Andina has helped ensure that the benefits of corporate involvement reach small farmers and are socially and environmentally sustainable. Other Papa Andina results include new public policies and practices to invest in the sector, regulate product quality, and raise the profile of native potatoes as a high-value product and cultural asset. For example, the establishment of an annual national potato day in Peru has elevated the native potato from poor man’s food to a point of national pride. Technological innovations spearheaded by Papa Andina range from improved seed systems for native potatoes to the application of integrated crop management techniques and improved postharvest management using simple processing equipment. The impacts of its projects and methods have benefitted small-scale farmers and their families directly. In Bolivia, new potato products sold to supermarkets have enabled farmers to receive 30–40 percent higher prices than in traditional markets. The innovation network in Ecuador (Plataforma) has enabled farmers to raise yields by 33 percent, improving input:output ratios by 20 percent, resulting in a fourfold increase in gross margins per hectare.
CIP • C. FONSECA

Product innovations, such as this packaged chuño, have come from Papa Andina’s participatory methods linking small-scale producers to high value market chains.

26 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

Selling native potatoes to industry is changing lives and creating new opportunities for smallholder Andean farmers, and their families.

With more than 700,000 farming families working in the Andean potato sector, the indirect impacts are likely to be far greater, not only regarding incomes but also in terms of cultural, social, and personal assets. As notes farmer Nolberta Inostroza, “Now I produce and sell with less work, earn more, and take pride in sharing the native potatoes that I take care of, as my ancestors did before me.”

Designed for the Andean context, the Papa Andina tools and methods also have been applied successfully elsewhere. For example, the Participatory Market Chain Approach has been adapted to train and connect farmers to sweetpotato or potato market chains in Africa and Asia, and to vegetable, milk, and coffee value chains in Latin America. The legacies of Papa Andina are particularly important as it faces its next decades. June 2011 marked the close out of the original Papa Andina Program, with a new iteration beginning in a broader context of food security across the Andean highlands. Its reach is expanding to include Colombia and Venezuela, along with the original targets of Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia. André Devaux, who has led Papa Andina, concludes: “Papa Andina has become a working model, even a philosophy, which will live on beyond the program itself. The model has created a horizontal space for effective interactions among diverse partners to better articulate research and development and to better address needs and improve livelihoods for small producers.”

“Now I produce and sell with less work, earn more, and take pride in sharing the native potatoes that I take care of, as my ancestors did before me.”
Added to these are further collateral benefits to farming communities and parallel sectors stemming from the boom in demand. In fact, demand is so strong that in spite of increasing supplies, prices for fresh and processed native potato products continue to rise.

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 27

J. L. GONTERRE

FOSTERING FARMINGASBUSINESS MENTA RING FARMINGASBUSINE MENTALITY

amo g among smallholder producers
Bringing business and marketing skills to the forefront can improve smallholders’ capacity to introduce and benefit from market-driven innovations.

Efforts to support farmer capacity strengthening often focus on increasing production and improving crop management. While these skills are critical, the concept of developing marketing skills is often neglected or introduced only as an afterthought. Lessons from CIP success stories suggest, however, that introducing a business
CIP • ARCHIVES

Market chain producers, processors, wholesalers, and retailers work together to create and market innovative potato products.

28 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

story:

Ida Rosida of West Java, Indonesia, participated in the farmer business school training with the hope of enhancing her meager household income. She is now a full-time potato processing entrepreneur. Her specialized potato chips feature the intact potato skin and come in new varieties, based on consumer and retailer suggestions. They are marketed under the brand, Cumelly, which was an innovation of the farmer business school initiative.

orientation to smallholder producers can spur innovation and create greater linkages to value market chains. “For farmers to link with markets, they need to learn not only to produce, but to produce for the market,” says Dindo Campilan, CIP’s Regional Leader for South West and Central Asia, who has helped introduce Farmer Business Schools in his region. Campilan’s insights are based on work conducted by CIP to introduce innovations for improving on-farm productivity, postharvest value addition, and market development. The Farmer Business School approach, being piloted in Indonesia, takes marketing as a starting point for determining what, how, and for whom to produce. It combines methodological elements of the Participatory Market Chain Approach – developed by CIP’s Papa Andina Program to increase innovation and market access for native potato farmers in the Andes – with farmer field school and business learning approaches.

Farmer business schools provide a group-based and participatory learning environment for smallholder farmers to foment marketing ideas, conduct small-scale experiments for improving crop quality and production, and pick up business skills. They learn to develop a business plan, use market analysis tools, and meet with market chain stakeholders such as industry representatives. Participants also pick up knowledge and strategies for handling supply chain issues. Another benefit of the Farmer Business School model is that it serves to support farming communities in using local resources – such as crop genetic diversity and traditional know-how – for selling products to elite urban consumers and supermarkets. Business skills of negotiation and strategy play a key role, too. Successful farm business requires the capacity not only for technological change but also for nurturing relationships among market chain actors based on trust, collaboration, and coordination.

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 29

CIP • ARCHIVES

Success

COW CAFETERIA:

using sweetpotato a an ma feed as anim animal in East Africa
Lessons from CIP’s work in Asia are being applied ns app mp ions to improve options for livestock and dairy farmers nE ica in East Africa
“You’re a livestock specialist, what are you u’re ialist, w doing working with sweetpotato?” Ben Lukuyu g wee laughs as he describes this typical reaction from h es his co colleagues at the I e International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in Nairobi, where he ea LR works with the multi-partner East African sw Dairy D Development (EADD) project. But it is sweetpotato’s highly promising potential as an animal feed that interests Lukuyu, and has him teaming up with Sammy Agili, a CIP sweetpotato breeder and other public and private partners in East Africa. Their goal: to better exploit sweetpotato’s potential as a healthy and easily available livestock feed. Two decades ago, CIP conducted similar research testing varieties of livestock forage using sweetpotato in countries such as Vietnam and China. Results showed that mixtures based on easily available resources were a clear formula for success: “The pigs are growing faster, their skins are shinier and best of all, it takes a lot less time to prepare feed for them,” was a comment from farmer Ta Van Hien in Pho Yen Province in 1999. More recently, a CIP project in PapuaIndonesia using sweetpotato-based formulas as pig feed showed positive impacts on farmers’ incomes and on other livelihood indicators, such as human capital, social cohesion, and physical structures. “We are drawing on CIP’s many years of experience in Asia, where they successfully use sweetpotato in livestock systems,” says Lukuyu. “In China, 25-30% of sweetpotato crops are used animal f Such for a al feed.” Su work is particularly relevant i East A Africa, which has the ant in highest highes per capita consumption of livestock api products (e.g., dairy cattle, pig, and goats for (e.g., meat and milk) of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The T project is part of CIP’s Sweetpotato Action for Security and Health in Africa (SASHA) initiative, which aims to reposition sweetpotato in food economies of SSA to alleviate poverty and undernutrition. Currently, smallholder livestock and dairy producers in East Africa face increasing feed costs and challenges. High population pressures have increased the competition for grains as food or livestock feed. Major shortages occur during the dry season, and quality feed concentrates demand a price many cannot afford. Napier grass, which is used in Kenya as a primary feed for dairy farming, requires significant allocations of land and is currently suffering from a major outbreak of a disease called head smut and stunt. Increased use and production of sweetpotato may provide a solution. Sweetpotato vines offer more protein and dry matter per unit area and require less land than other staple livestock feeds. Sweetpotato roots that are too small for human consumption or sale also make good feed. CIP and EADD are working directly with pig and dairy farmers in Kenya, Rwanda, and Uganda. They are guiding adaptive participatory research to test the feasibility and business case for using sweetpotato vines as silage and leaf protein supplements. On-station and farm-based experiments

30 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

are testing low-cost silage-making techniques and different blends using roots, vines, and other feeds. They are also trying varieties under different cropping regimes and analyzing nutritional components under varying conditions.

“We like to call it the ‘cow cafeteria’,” explains Lukuyu. “We want to give farmers options for mixing sweetpotato vines and roots with locally available feed resources and come up with feeding strategies to best respond to their needs and demands.”
ILRI

Smallholder livestock and dairy producers in East Africa face increasing feed costs and challenges. Sweetpotato may provide a solution.

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 31

ONE SYSTEM, MANY GAINS

from a common CGIAR corporate platform
One Corporate System represents a whole new level of collective action and transformative change that will vastly increase collaboration, information sharing, and efficiencies across the CGIAR Centers and Research Programs.

CIP is joining eight other CGIAR Centers
and the Consortium Office to integrate their diverse project, financial, and human resource management systems into a common corporate platform, known as One Corporate System (OCS). The move is expected to create an automated and interconnected system that will boost efficiencies, support greater cross-Center coordination, and result in better investments of donor funding. OCS is a Center-driven initiative. CIP was an early proponent of the project, recognizing the economic and organizational gains to be derived from adopting a joint system. Current calculations suggest that each participating Center is saving approximately US$500,000 by implementing a common platform and purchasing a system jointly instead of individually. And there are significant annual savings in equipment and maintenance costs associated with using a commonly hosted infrastructure. Research and administrative teams from numerous Centers have invested considerable time and effort over several years to identify needs, align terminology, and analyze processes and requirements in preparation for the new system. In 2011, they devoted weeks to faceto-face workshops and reviews, along with multiple conference calls and remote meetings

to compare processes, test proposals and prototypes, and prepare for implementation. OCS is already recognized as a model of CGIAR collaboration. “But it is also unconventional and complex,” notes Carlos Alonso, CIP’s Executive Director for Strategy and Corporate Development, who has been spearheading the project for CIP and coordinating much of the collaboration with other Centers. Culling through the details of the system prototypes and design specifications has required enormous commitment, patience, and compromise from all the parties involved. The process has not been without its frustrations. “OCS involves 10 institutions scattered around the world, with 10 different corporate cultures, diverse cultural backgrounds, and locations across many time zones,” notes Alonso. “But ll what makes this effort unique is that we are all inspired by a shared vision of doing things better and a common purpose to make OCS a success,” he concludes. Finalization of the OCS design, reconciliation of Center systems to the common one (known as localization), training, and implementation of the new system are slated to begin in 2012 for a first group of participating Centers. CIP will be among the initial implementers, along with the Consortium Office and the International

INTEGR
Con nso

individual vidua

32 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

Rice Research Institute (IRRI) Joining in a second phase will be WorldFish, AfricaRice, the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), the International

Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), and the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), followed by Bioversity International and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).

CIMMYT Mexico

CONSORTIUM OFFICE France

ICARDA Syria

ICRISAT India

BIOVERSITY INTERNATIONAL Italy IFPRI USA AFRICA RICE Benin

CIAT Colombia IWMI Sri Lanka

CIFOR Indonesia WORLDFISH Malaysia

IITA Nigeria CIP Peru

WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE Kenya ILRI Kenya

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IRRI Philippines

function nctions

O One System Sy

nine ne finance

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 33

develop ev

Centers RATED ED management t rtium concep n rt ptio development wider collaboration even ollabo administra ministr trative engaged syste operational Corporate tem operat Office f e Human supp designed support i d resources r cross-center r

CGIA CG AR CGIAR GIA

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TAPPING STAKEHOLDER SYNERGIES:

designing the new CGIAR Research Program on Roots, Tubers, and Bananas
Incorporating stakeholder perspectives was a critical part of the process of building a proactive interaction to refine program components and define impact pathways.
RESEARCH PROGRAM ON

Roots, Tubers and Bananas
The CRPs are broad initiatives involving multiple CGIAR Centers and many partners. They are designed to advance the research objectives of the CGIAR system aimed at reducing poverty and hunger, improving health and nutrition, and enhancing ecosystem resilience. The CRPs reflect an ethos that emphasizes proactive consultation with stakeholders for program design and implementation. Putting that principle into practice is described in a new publication, co-authored by collaborators from each of the four CGIAR
CIAT • N. PALMER

How do you create a dynamic, interactive
dialogue among 255 stakeholders, across three continents, in less than two months, when the goal is to design a new global program aimed at maximizing impacts? This was the challenge put to a team of collaborators from multiple organizations, which developed the CGIAR Research Program (CRP) on Roots, Tubers and Bananas for Food Security and Income. Their discovery: while not an ideal scenario, the pressures of a tight schedule, coupled with good will and new synergies, can sometimes lead to creative, successful outputs.

The new program reflects an ethos that emphasizes proactive consultation with stakeholders for program design and implementation.

34 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

centers involved in the Roots, Tuber, and Banana research program - CIP, Bioversity International, the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), and the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). Incorporating stakeholder perspectives in international agricultural research: the case of the CGIAR Research Program for Roots, Tubers and Bananas for Food Security and Income provides an instructive case-study of successful stakeholder consultation. It describes the process used to engage stakeholders and incorporate their feedback into program design, with lessons learned and experiences that can serve others looking to replicate, adapt, or build upon this example. “This document not only offers insights on how stakeholder consultation can effectively flag important priorities in the project design phase, but also what methods worked best in achieving quality interaction,” says Graham Thiele, leader of CIP’s Social and Health Sciences Division, who formed part of the intercenter group leading the design of the program proposal. One interesting finding of the case-study regards the effectiveness of different methods for gathering stakeholder input. To be as inclusive as possible with limited time and money, stakeholder input was gathered via regional workshops, on-line surveys, and one-on-one interviews, for a total of over 200 participants. Among those methods, the on-line surveys proved to be surprisingly agile and effective for gathering and integrating responses in real time, including “new ideas.” They garnered feedback from 150 respondents, with detailed responses which were in many cases quite novel, thoughtful, and highly useful for the program proposal. This comment from the leader of an international NGO in Africa gives a flavor: “Roots, tubers, and

Incorporating stakeholder perspectives in international agricultural research: the case of the CGIAR Research Program for Roots, Tubers and Bananas for Food Security and Income
Jonathan Woolley, Vincent B. Johnson, Bernardo Ospina, Berga Lemaga, Tania Jordan, Gary Harrison, Graham Thiele

2011-3 Working Paper
ISSN 0256-8748 Social Sciences Working Paper No. 2011- 3

Incorporating stakeholder perspectives is available online at: http://cipotato.org/cipotato/publications/pdf/005751.pdf

bananas are not usually well positioned within agricultural extension, as decision makers do not have a full appreciation of their true importance. Quality data on true level of production, perhaps through remote-sensing methodologies, is an essential starting point.” Input from stakeholders served to reaffirm the importance of core components of the program, and also shed further light on cross-cutting issues, such as gender, climate change, knowledge sharing, and capacity strengthening. “The perspectives of different stakeholders raised our ability to reflect a more integral understanding of challenges and opportunities. It makes the program planning more grounded, and ultimately more likely to achieve objectives that will result in real development impacts,” explains Vincent Johnson of Bioversity, who led the consultation taskforce. “Without this perspective, we could never have delivered a convincing program proposal within the deadline,” he concludes.

The perspectives of different stakeholders raised our ability to reflect a more integral understanding of challenges and opportunities.

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 35

36 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

Outputs 2011

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 37

CIP STAFF

Publications 2011
Journals Articles
Adda, C.; Atachi, P.; Hell, K.; Tamo, M. 2011. Potential use of the bushmint, Hyptis suaveolens, for the control of infestation by the pink stalk borer, Sesamia calamistis, on maize in southern Benin, West Africa. Journal of Insect Science. ISSN 1536-2442. 11:13 p. Attaluri, S.; Sangakkara, U.R.; Costa, W.A.J.M. de. 2011. Physiological adaptability of sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) genotypes as influenced by seasons with emphasis on orange-fleshed sweetpotato. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. (India). ISSN 0019-5022. 81(1):33-37. Attaluri, S.; Sangakkara, U.R.; Costa, W.A.J.M. De. 2011. Stability analysis for yield in sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) genotypes with special reference to orange-fleshed sweetpotato. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. (India). ISSN 0019-5022. 81(7):585-589 Blandon-Diaz, J.U.; Forbes, G.A.; Andrade-Piedra, J.L.; Yuen, J.E. 2011. Assessing the adequacy of the simulation model LATEBLIGHT under Nicaraguan conditions. Plant Disease. (USA). ISSN 0191-2917. 95(7):839-846. Buytaert, W.; Cuesta-Camacho, F.; Tobon, C. 2011. Potential impacts of climate change on the environmental services of humid tropical alpine regions. Global Ecology and Biogeography. (UK). ISSN 1466-822X. 20(1):19-33. Cavatassi, R.; Gonzales-Flores, M.; Winters, P.; Andrade-Piedra, J.; Espinosa, P.; Thiele, G. 2011. Linking smallholders to the new agricultural economy: The case of the Plataformas de Concertacion in Ecuador. Journal of Development Studies. (UK). ISSN 0022-0388. 47(10):1545-1573. Cervantes-Flores, J.C.; Sosinski, B.; Pecota, K.V.; Mwanga, R.O.M.; Catignani, G.L.; Truong, V.D.; Watkins, R.H.; Ulmer, M.R.; Yencho, G.C. 2011. Identification of quantitative trait loci for dry-matter, starch, and β-carotene content in sweetpotato. Molecular Breeding. (Netherlands). ISSN 1380-3743. 28(2):201-216. Cole, D.C.; Orozco, F.; Pradel, W. ; Surquillo, J.; Mera, X. ; Chacon, A.; Prain, G. ; Wanigaratne, S.; Leah, J. 2011. An agriculture and health inter-sectorial research process to reduce hazardous pesticide health impacts among smallholder farmers in the Andes. BMC International Health and Human Rights. (UK). ISSN 1472-698X. 11(Suppl 2):S6. Cole, D.C. ; Orozco, F.A.; Ibrahim, S.; Wanigaratne, S. 2011. Community and household socioeconomic factors associated with pesticide-using, small farm household members’ health: a multi-level, longitudinal analysis. International Journal for Equity in Health. (UK). ISSN 1475-9276. 10(54):10 p. Cuellar, W.J.; Cruzado, R.; Fuentes, S.; Untiveros, M.; Soto, M.; Kreuze, J.F. 2011. Sequence characterization of a Peruvian isolate of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus: Further variability and a model for p22 acquisition. Virus Research. (Netherlands). ISSN 0168-1702. 157(1):111-115. Cuellar, W.J.; Souza, J. de.; Barrantes, I.; Fuentes, S.; Kreuze, J.F. 2011. Distinct cavemoviruses interact synergistically with sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (genus Crinivirus) in cultivated sweet potato. Journal of General Virology. (UK). ISSN 0022-1317. 92(5):1233-1243.

38 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

De Souza, J.; Cuellar, W.J. 2011. Sequence analysis of the replicase gene of ‘sweet potato caulimo-like virus’ suggests that this virus is a distinct member of the genus Cavemovirus. Archives of Virology. (Austria). ISSN 0304-8608. 156(3):535-537. Fonseca, C.; Huarachi, E.; Ordinola, M. 2011. [A technological innovation experience for artisan production of dehydrated potato: Tunta]. Una experiencia de innovacion y difusion en la produccion artesanal de la papa deshidratada: Tunta. Revista Latinoamericana de la Papa. (Colombia). ISSN 1019-6609. 16(1):99-125. Garrett, K.A.; Forbes, G.A. ; Savary, S.; Skelsey, P.; Sparks, A.H.; Valdivia, C.; Bruggen, A.H.C. van.; Willocquet, L.; Djurle, A.; Duveiller, E.; Eckersten, H.; Pande, S.; Vera Cruz, C.; Yuen, J. 2011. Complexity in climate-change impacts: an analytical framework for effects mediated by plant disease. Plant Pathology. (UK). ISSN 0032-0862. 60(1):15-30. Gibbs, M.; Bailey, K.B.; Lander, R.D.; Fahmida, U.; Perlas, L.; Hess, S.Y.; Loechl, C.U. ; Winichagoon, P.; Gibson, R.S. 2011. The adequacy of micronutrient concentrations in manufactured complementary foods from lowincome countries. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. (USA). ISSN 0889-1575. 24(3):418-426. Gibson, R.W.; Mpembe, I.; Mwanga, R.O.M. 2011. Benefits of participatory plant breeding (PPB) as exemplified by the first-ever officially released PPB-bred sweet potato cultivar. Journal of Agricultural Science. (UK). ISSN 0021-8596. 149(5):625-632. Gildemacher, P.R.; Schulte-Geldermann, E.S.; Borus, D.; Demo, P.; Kinyae, P.; Mundia, P.; Struik, P.C. 2011. Seed potato quality improvement through positive selection by smallholder farmers in Kenya. Potato Research. (Netherlands). ISSN 0014-3065. 54(3):253-266. Gonzales, L.; Nino, L.; Gastelo, M.; Suarez, F. 2011. [Evaluation and selection of potato clones for their resistance to late blight (Phytophthora infestans) in Merida State, Venezuela]. Evaluacion y seleccion de clones de papa con resistencia a candelilla tardia en el estado Merida, Venezuela. Revista Latinoamericana de la Papa. (Colombia). ISSN 1019-6609. 16(1):142-150. Goss, E.M.; Cardenas, M.E.; Myers, K.; Forbes, G.A.; Fry, W.E.; Restrepo, S.; Grunwald, N.J. 2011. The plant pathogen Phytophthora andina emerged via hybridization of an unknown Phytophthora species and the Irish potato famine pathogen, P. infestans. PLoS ONE. ISSN 1932-6203. 6(9):e24543. Guberman, J.M.; Ai, J.; Arnaiz, O.; Baran, J.; Blake, A.; Baldock, R.; Chelala, C.; Croft, D.; Cros, A.; Cutts, R.J.; Genova, A. Di; Forbes, S.; Fujisawa, T.; Gadaleta, E.; Goodstein, D.M.; Gundem, G.; Haggarty, B.; Haider, S.; Hall, M.; Harris, T.; Haw, R.; Hu, S.; Hubbard, S.; Hsu, J.; Iyer, V.; Jones, P.; Katayama, T.; Kinsella, R.; Kong, L.; Lawson, D.; Liang, Y.; Lopez-Bigas, N.; Luo, J.; Lush, M.; Mason, J.; Moreews, F.; Ndegwa, N.; Oakley, D.; Perez Llamas, C.; Primig, M.; Rivkin, E.; Rosanoff, S.; Shepherd, R.; Simon, R.; Skarnes, D.; Smedley, D.; Sperling, L.; Spooner, W.; Stevenson, P.; Stone, K.; Teague, J.; Wang, J.; Wang, J.X.; Whitty, B.; Wong, D.T.; Wong-Erasmus, M.; Yao, L.; Youens-Clark, K.; Yung, C.; Zhang, J.; Kasprzyk, A. 2011. BioMart Central Portal: An open database network for the biological community. Database. ISSN 1758-0463. 40(D1):D1077-D1081. Hell, K.; Mutegi, C. 2011. Aflatoxin control and prevention strategies in key crops of Sub-Saharan Africa. African Journal of Microbiology Research. ISSN 1996-0808. 5(5):459-466. Honfo, F.G.; Hell, K.; Akissoe, N.; Hounhouigan, J.; Fandohan, P. 2011. Effect of storage conditions on microbiological and physicochemical quality of shea butter. Journal of Food Science and Technology. (India). ISSN 0022-1155. 48(3):274-279. Horton, D.; Thiele, G.; Oros, R.; Andrade-Piedra, J. ; Velasco, C.; Devaux, A. 2011. Knowledge management for pro-poor innovation: The Papa Andina case. Knowledge Management for Development Journal. ISSN 1947-4199. 7(1):65-83. Ierna, A.; Tenorio, J. 2011. Effects of pre-sowing treatment on plant emergence and seedling vigour in true potato seed. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology. ISSN 1462-0316. 86(5):467-472. Khazaie, H.; Mohammady, S.; Monneveux, P.; Stoddard, F. 2011. The determination of direct and indirect effects of carbon isotope discrimination (∆) stomatal characteristics and water use efficiency on grain yield

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in wheat using sequential path analysis. Australian Journal of Crop Science. (Australia). ISSN 1835-2693. 5(4):466-472. Kromann, P.; Pradel, W. ; Cole, D.; Taipe, A.; Forbes, G.A. 2011. Use of the environmental impact quotient to estimate health and environmental impacts of pesticide usage in Peruvian and Ecuadorian potato production. Journal of Environmental Protection. ISSN 2152-2197. 2(5):581-591. Legay, S.; Lefevre, I.; Lamoureux, D.; Barreda, C.; Tincopa Luz, R.; Gutierrez, R.; Quiroz, R.; Hoffman, L.; Hausman, J.F.; Bonierbale, M.; Evers, D.; Schafleitner, R. 2011. Carbohydrate metabolism and cell protection mechanisms differentiate drought tolerance and sensitivity in advanced potato clones (Solanum tuberosum L.). Functional and Integrative Genomics. (USA). ISSN 1438-793X. 11(2):275-291. Li, C.; Wang, J.; Chien, D.H.; Chujoy, E.; Song, B.; Zaag, P. vander. 2011. Cooperation-88: A high yielding, multi-purpose, late blight resistant cultivar growing in Southwest China. American Journal of Potato Research. (USA). ISSN 1099-209X. 88(2):190-194. Mamani, D.; Sporleder, M.; Kroschel, J. 2011. Efecto de materiales inertes de formulas bioinsecticidas en la proteccion de tuberculos almacenados contra las polillas de papa. Revista Peruana de Entomologia. (Peru). ISSN 0080-2425. 46(2):43-49. Mekonen, S.; Alemu, T.; Kassa, B.; Forbes, G. 2011. Evaluation of contact fungicide spray regimes for control of late blight (Phytophthora infestans) in southern Ethiopia using potato cultivars with different levels of host resistance. Tropical Plant Pathology. (Brazil). ISSN 1982-5676. 36(1):21-27. Mujica, N.; Kroschel, J. 2011. Leafminer fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) occurrence, distribution, and parasitoid associations in field and vegetable crops along the Peruvian coast. Environmental Entomology. (USA). ISSN 0046-225X. 40(2):217-230. Mwanga, R.O.M.; Niringiye, C.; Alajo, A.; Kigozi, B.; Namukula, J.; Mpembe, I.; Tumwegamire, S.; Gibson, R.W.; Yencho, C.G. 2011. ‘NASPOT 11’, a sweetpotato cultivar bred by participatory plant-breeding approach in Uganda. HortScience. (USA). ISSN 0018-5345. 46(2):317-321. Mwanga, R.O.M.; Ssemakula, G. 2011. Orange-fleshed sweetpotatoes for food, health and wealth in Uganda. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability. (UK). ISSN 1473-5903. 9(1):42-49. Namanda, S.; Gibson, R.; Sindi, K. 2011. Sweetpotato seed systems in Uganda, Tanzania, and Rwanda. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. (USA). ISSN 1044-0046. 35(8):870-884. Nelles, W. 2011. Environmental education, sustainable agriculture, and CGIAR: History and future prospects. Comparative Education Review. (USA). ISSN 0010-4086. 55(3):398-423. Njenga, M.; Karanja, N.; Prain, G.; Lee-Smith, D.; Pigeon, M. 2011. Gender mainstreaming in organisational culture and agricultural research processes. Development in Practice. (UK). ISSN 0961-4524. 21(3):362-373. Ordinola, M. 2011. Innovaciones y desarrollo: El caso de la cadena de la papa en el Peru. Revista Latinoamericana de la Papa. (Colombia). ISSN 1019-6609. 16(1):39-57. Ortiz, O.; Orrego, R.; Pradel, W.; Gildemacher, P.; Castillo, R.; Otiniano, R.; Gabriel, J.; Vallejo, J.; Torres, O.; Woldegiorgis, G.; Damene, B.; Kakuhenzire, R.; Kasahija, I.; Kahiu, I. 2011. Incentives and disincentives for stakeholder involvement in participatory research (PR): lessons from potato-related PR from Bolivia, Ethiopia, Peru and Uganda. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability. (UK). ISSN 1473-5903. 9(4):522-536. Oyarzun, P.J.; Krijger, A.K.; Garzon, C.D.; Leon, D.; Kromann, P.; Yuen, J.E.; Forbes, G.A. 2011. Evaluation of host susceptibility, pathogen aggressiveness and sporangial survival in soil as factors affecting incidence of potato tuber infection by Phytophthora infestans in Ecuador. Tropical Plant Pathology. (Brazil). ISSN 19825676. 36(3):141-149. Patil, B.L.; Ogwok, E.; Wagaba, H.; Mohammed, I.U.; Yadav, J.S.; Bagewadi, B.; Taylor, N.J.; Kreuze, J.F.; Maruthi, M.N.; Alicai, T.; Fauquet, C.M. 2011. RNAi-mediated resistance to diverse isolates belonging to two

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virus species involved in Cassava brown streak disease. Molecular Plant Pathology. (UK). ISSN 1464-6722. 12(1):31-41. Quiroz, R.; Yarleque, C.; Posadas, A.; Mares, V.; Immerzeel, W.W. 2011. Improving daily rainfall estimation from NDVI using a wavelet transform. Environmental Modelling & Software. (Netherlands). ISSN 1364-8152. 26(2):201-209. Rana, R.K.; Sharma Neeraj, K.; Kadian, M.S.; Girish, B.H.; Arya, S.; Campilan, D.; Pandey, S.K.; Carli, C.; Patel, N.H.; Singh, B.P. 2011. Perception of Gujarat farmers on heat-tolerant potato varieties. Potato Journal. (India). ISSN 0970-8235. 38(2):121-129. Rios, A.A.; Kroschel, J. 2011. Evaluation and implications of Andean potato weevil infestation sources for its management in the Andean region. Journal of Applied Entomology. (Germany). ISSN 0931-2048. 135(10):738-748. Roullier, C.; Rossel, G.; Tay, D.; McKey, D.; Lebot, V. 2011. Combining chloroplast and nuclear microsatellites to investigate origin and dispersal of New World sweet potato landraces. Molecular Ecology. (UK). ISSN 0962-1083. 20(19):3963-3977. Savary, S.; Nelson, A.; Sparks, A.H.; Willocquet, L.; Duveiller, E.; Mahuku, G.; Forbes, G.; Garrett, K.A.; Hodson, D.; Padgham, J.; Pande, S.; Sharma, M.; Yuen, J.; Djurle, A. 2011. International agricultural research tackling the effects of global and climate changes on plant diseases in the developing world. Plant Disease. (USA). ISSN 0191-2917. 95(10):1204-1216. Scott, G.J.; Suarez, V. 2011. Growth rates for potato in India and their implications for industry. Potato Journal. (India). ISSN 0970-8235. 38(2):100-112. Segnini, A.; Posadas, A.; Quiroz, R.; Milori, D.M.B.P.; Vaz, C.M.P.; Neto, L.M. 2011. Soil carbon stocks and stability across an altitudinal gradient in southern Peru. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. (USA). ISSN 0022-4561. 66(4):213-220. Sharma, N.; Kumar, P.; Kadian, M.S.; Pandey, S.K.; Singh, S.V.; Luthra, S.K. 2011. Performance of potato (Solanum tuberosum) clones under water stress. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. (India). ISSN 00195022. 81(9):825-829. Silvestre, R.; Untiveros, M.; Cuellar, W.J. 2011. First report of potato yellowing virus (Genus Ilarvirus) in Solanum phureja from Ecuador. Plant Disease. (USA). ISSN 0191-2917. 95(3):355. Simon, R.; Fuentes, A.F.; Spooner, D.M. 2011. Biogeographic implications of the striking discovery of a 4,000 kilometer disjunct population of the wild potato Solanum morelliforme in South America. Systematic Botany. (USA). ISSN 0363-6445. 36(4):1062-1067. Sparks, A.H.; Forbes, G.A.; Hijmans, R.J.; Garrett, K.A. 2011. A metamodeling framework for extending the application domain of process-based ecological models. Ecosphere. (USA). ISSN 2150-8925. 2(8):14 p. Temme, A.J.A.M.; Claessens, L.; Veldkamp, A.; Schoorl, J.M. 2011. Evaluating choices in multi-process landscape evolution models. Geomorphology. (Netherlands). ISSN 0169-555X. 125(2):271-281. Thiele, G.; Devaux, A.; Reinoso, I.; Pico, H.; Montesdeoca, F.; Pumisacho, M.; Andrade-Piedra, J.; Velasco, C.; Flores, P.; Esprella, R.; Thomann, A.; Manrique, K.; Horton, D. 2011. Multi-stakeholder platforms for linking small farmers to value chains: Evidence from the Andes. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability. (UK). ISSN 1473-5903. 9(3):423-433. Tumwegamire, S.; Kapinga, R.; Rubaihayo, P.R.; LaBonte, D.R.; Gruneberg, W.J.; Burgos, G.; Felde, T. zum.; Carpio, R.; Pawelzik, E.; Mwanga, R.O.M. 2011. Evaluation of dry matter, protein, starch, sucrose, β-carotene, Iron, Zinc, Calcium, and Magnesium in East African sweetpotato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] germplasm. HortScience. (USA). ISSN 0018-5345. 46(3):348-357. Tumwegamire, S.; Rubaihayo, P.R.; LaBonte, D.R.; Diaz, F.; Kapinga, R.; Mwanga, R.O.M.; Gruneberg, W.J. 2011. Genetic diversity in white- and orange-fleshed sweetpotato farmer varieties from East Africa evaluated by simple sequence repeat markers. Crop Science. (USA). ISSN 0011-183X. 51(3):1132-1142.

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Vimala, B.; Sreekanth, A.; Binu, H.; Gruneberg, W. 2011. Variability in 42 orange-fleshed sweet potato hybrids for tuber yield and carotene and dry matter content. Gene Conserve. (Brazil). ISSN 1808-1878. 10(41):190-200. Xu, X.; Pan, P.; Cheng, S.; Zhang, B.; Mu, D.; Ni, P.; Zhang, G.; Yang, S.; Li, R.; Wang, J.; Orjeda, G.; Guzman, F.; Torres, M.; Lozano, R.; Ponce, O.; Martinez, D.; Cruz, G. de la.; Chakrabarti, S.K.; Patil, V.U.; Skryabin, K.G.; Kuznetsov, B.B.; Ravin, N.V.; Kolganova, T.V.; Beletsky, A.V.; Mardanov, A.V.; Genova, A.D.; Bolser, D.M.; Martin, D.M.A.; Li, G.; Yang, Y.; Kuang, H.; Hu, Q.; Xiong, X.; Bishop, G.J.; Sagredo, B.; Mejia, N.; Zagorski, W.; Gromadka, R.; Gawor, J.; Szczesny, P.; Huang, S.; Zhang, Z.; Liang, C.; He, J.; Li, Y.; He, Y.; Xu, J.; Zhang, Y.; Xie, B.; Du, Y.; Qu, D.; Bonierbale, M.; Ghislain, M.; Herrera, M.R.; Giuliano, G.; Pietrella, M.; Perrotta, G.; Facella, P.; O’Brien, K; Feingold, S.E.; Barreiro, L.E.; Massa, G.A.; Diambra, L.; Whitty, B.R.; Vaillancourt, B.; Lin, H.; Massa, A.N.; Geoffroy, M.; Lundback, S.; DellaPenna, D.; Buell, R.; Sharma, S.K.; Marshall, D.F.; Waugh, R.; Bryan, G.J.; Destefanis, M.; Nagy, I.; Milbourne, D.; Thomson, S.J.; Fiers, M.; Jacobs, J.M.E.; Nielsen, K.L.; Sonderkaer, M.; Iovene, M.; Torres, G.A.; Jiang, J.; Veilleux, R.E.; Bachem, C.W.B.; Boer, J. de.; Borm, T.; Kloosterman, B.; Eck, H. van.; Datema, E.; Lintel Hekkert, B. te.; Goverse, A.; Ham, R.C.H.J. van.; Visser, R.G.F. 2011. Genome sequence and analysis of the tuber crop potato. Nature. (USA). ISSN 0028-0836. 475(7355):189-195. Yada, B.; Tukamuhabwa, P.; Alajo, A.; Mwanga, R.O.M. 2011. Field evaluation of Ugandan sweetpotato germplasm for yield, dry matter and disease resistance. South African Journal of Plant and Soil. (South Africa). ISSN 0257-1862. 28(2):142-146. Zuniga, N.; Cabrera, H.; Gastelo, M.; Haan, S. de.; Cabello, R.; Pacheco, M.A. 2011. Avances de mejoramiento genetico de papa en la ultima decada en Peru. AgroInnova. (Peru). 2(6):22-23.

Books, Book Chapters, Conference Papers
Alcazar, J.; Baimey, H.; Kroschel, J. 2011. Patogenicidad de aislamientos nativos de nematodos entomopatogenos procedentes de la region andina. In: Sociedad Entomologica del Peru (SEP), Lima. Resumenes. 53. Convencion Nacional de Entomologia. Lima (Peru). 7-10 Nov 2011. Lima (Peru). SEP; Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina. ISBN 978-612-46103-0-1. p. 13. ISSN 2225-362. Andrade Piedra, J.; Reinoso, J.; Ayala, S. (eds). 2011. Memorias del IV Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda; Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio; Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP). 131 p Arimod, M.; Hawkes, C.; Ruel, M.T.; Sifri, Z.; Berti, P.R.; Leroy, J.L.; Low, J.W.; Brown, L.R.; Frongillo, E.A. 2011. Agricultural interventions and nutrition: Lessons from the past and new evidence. In: Thompson, B. Amoroso, L. (eds). Combating micronutrient deficiencies: Food-based approaches. Oxfordshire (UK). CAB International; FAO. ISBN 978-1-84593-714-0. pp. 41-75. Ashby, J.; Heinrich, G.; Burpee, G.; Remington, T.; Ferris, S.; Wilson, K.; Quiros, C. 2011. Preparing groups of poor farmers for market engagement: Five key skill sets. In: Batiano, A. Waswa, B. Okeyo, J.M. Maina, F. Kihara, J. (eds). Innovations as key to the Green Revolution in Africa: Exploring the scientific facts. Dordrecht (Germany). Springer. ISBN 978-90-481-2541-8. v. 1. pp. 103-111. Bievre, B. de; Calle, T. 2011. El manejo del paramo y los limites para el cultivo de papas: Algunas reflexiones desde la experiencia del proyecto Paramo Andino. In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda; Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio CIP. pp. 38-40.

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Cañedo, V.; Alfaro, A.; Kroschel, J. 2011. Manejo integrado de plagas de insectos en hortalizas: Principios y referencias tecnicas para la Sierra Central de Peru. Lima (Peru). Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP). ISBN 978-92-9060-407-5. 48 p. Cañedo, V.; Kroschel, J. 2011. Abundancia y diversidad de Carbidae presente en los campos de papa de la Sierra central del Peru. In: Sociedad Entomologica del Peru (SEP), Lima. Resumenes. 53. Convencion Nacional de Entomologia. Lima (Peru). 7-10 Nov 2011. Lima (Peru). SEP; Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina. ISBN 978-612-46103-0-1. p. 42. Canepa, P.; Panta, A.; Tay, D. 2011. The effect of antioxidants on the cryopreservation recovery of two potato cultivars following post-thawing culture. In: Panis, B. Lynch, P. (eds). Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Cryopreservation in Horticultural Species. 1. International Symposium on Cryopreservation in Horticultural Species. Leuven (Belgium). 05-08 Apr 2009. Bologna (Italy). International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS). ISBN 978-90-66054-70-7. pp. 101-105. Acta Horticulturae. ISSN 0567-7572. no.908. Cayambe, J.; Montesdeoca, F.; Andrade Piedra, J. 2011. Produccion de semilla prebasica de papa en el sistema aeroponico en Ecuador: Evaluacion de soluciones nutritivas. In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S.(eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda; Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio CIP. pp. 101-104. Devaux, A.; Andrade Piedra, J.; Ordinola, M.; Velasco, C.; Hareau, G. 2011. La papa y la seguridad alimentaria en la region andina: Situacion actual y desafios para la innovacion. In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca Universidad Estatal de Bolivar INIAP Consorcio de la Papa FAO Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio; CIP. pp. 10-14. Devaux, A.; Ordinola, M.; Horton, D. (eds). 2011. Innovation for development: The Papa Andina experience. Lima (Peru). International Potato Center (CIP). ISBN 978-92-9060-410-5. 418 p. Espinoza, S.; Montesdeoca, L.; Vasquez, P.; Pallo, E.; Acosta, M.; Quishpe, C.; Lopez, J.; Monteros, C.; Haro, F.; Yumisaca, F.; Andrade Piedra, J. 2011. Papas nativas de colores: Un negocio con responsabilidad social. In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio; CIP. pp. 20-21. Fonseca, C.; Ordinola, M. 2011. Mejorando la competitividad de la agroindustria rural: El caso de la tunta en el altiplano peruano. Lima (Peru). Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP); Proyecto INCOPA; Alianza Institucional de la Papa y Derivados; Iniciativa Papa Andina; Agencia Suiza para el Desarrollo y la Cooperacion (COSUDE). ISBN 978-92-9060-412-9. 62 p. Gibson, R.W.; Mpembe, I.; Mwanga, R.O.M. 2011. The role of participatory plant breeding as exemplified by the release of the sweetpotato variety NASPOT 11 in Uganda in 2010. In: Halford, N. Semenov, M. (eds). Systems approaches to crop improvement. Wellesbourne (UK). Association of Applied Biologists. 71-76. Aspects of Applied Biology. ISSN 0265-1491. no.107. Hibon, A.; Adegbola, P.Y.; Hell, K.; Thiele, G. 2011. Contraintes et opportunites pour l’introduction de nouveaux produits sur les marches locaux des racines et tubercules au Benin. Lima (Peru). International Potato Center (CIP). Social Sciences. 54 p. Social Sciences Working Paper. ISSN 0256-8748. no.2011-4. Juarez, H.; Plasencia, F.; Haan, S. de. 2011. Zooming in on the secret life of genetic resources in potatoes: High technology meets old-fashioned footwork. Esri Conservation Map Book. Redlands (USA). Esri. pp. 64-67.

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Kroschel, J.; Cañedo, V.; Alcazar, J.; Miethbauer, T. 2011. Manejo de plagas de la papa en la region andina del Peru. Lima (Peru). Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP). ISBN 978-92-9060-409-9. 85 p. Guia de Capacitacion. Kroschel, J.; Sporleder, M.; Juarez, H.; Tonnang, H.; Carhuapoma, P.; Gonzales, J.C. 2011. Como el cambio climatico afectara la distribucion y abundancia de la polilla de la papa: Un analisis utilizando modelos fenologicos y sistemas de informacion geograficas. In: Sociedad Entomologica del Peru (SEP), Lima. Resumenes. 53. Convencion Nacional de Entomologia. Lima (Peru). 7-10 Nov 2011. Lima (Peru). SEP; Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina. ISBN 978-612-46103-0-1. p. 23. ISSN 2225-362. Kroschel, J.; Alcazar, J.; Cañedo, V.; Miethbauer, T.; Zegarra, O. 2011. Introduccion y difusion de un nuevo manejo integrado de plagas de la papa en la sierra central del Peru. In: Sociedad Entomologica del Peru (SEP), Lima. Resumenes. 53. Convencion Nacional de Entomologia. Lima (Peru). 7-10 Nov 2011. Lima (Peru). SEP; Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina. ISBN 978-612-46103-0-1. p. 31. ISSN 2225-362. Kwambai, T.K.; Omunyin, M.E.; Okalebo, J.R.; Kinyua, Z.M.; Gildemacher, P. 2011. Assessment of potato bacterial wilt disease status in North Rift Valley of Kenya: A survey. In: Batiano, A. Waswa, B. Okeyo, J.M. Maina, F. Kihara, J. (eds). Innovations as key to the Green Revolution in Africa: Exploring the scientific facts. Dordrecht (Germany). Springer. ISBN 978-90-481-2541-8. v. 1. pp. 449-456. Maila, G.; Taipe, A.; Forbes, G.; Andrade Piedra, J. 2011. Validacion del simulador de epidemias late blight “LB2004” con clones precoces y resistentes de papa (Solanum tuberosum). In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda; Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio; CIP. pp. 124-127. Maldonado, L.; Fonseca, C.; Ordinola, M. 2011. Estudio de caso: Evaluacion de impacto de la intervencion del proyecto INCOPA en Puno. Lima (Peru). Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP); Proyecto INCOPA; Iniciativa Papa Andina. ISBN 978-92-9060-406-8. 67 p. Maldonado, L.; Ordinola, M.; Manrique, K.; Fonseca, C.; Sevilla, M.; Delgado, O. 2011. Estudio de caso: Evaluacion de impacto de la intervencion del proyecto INCOPA/CAPAC en Andahuaylas. Lima (Peru). Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP); Proyecto INCOPA; Iniciativa Papa Andina. ISBN 978-92-9060-401-3. 84 p. Mencias, D.; Paucar, B.; Montesdeoca, F.; Taipe, A.; Andrade Piedra, J. 2011. Evaluacion de bacterias en la produccion de semilla prebasica de papa. In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia , Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio; CIP. pp. 105-107. Misiko, M.; Almekinders, C.; Barker, I.; Borus, D.; Oggema, J.; Mukalama, J. 2011. Kenya: A company, a cooperative and a family. In: Mele, P. Van Bentley, J.W. Guei, R.G. (eds). African seed enterprises: Sowing the seeds of food security. Wallingford (UK). CAB International. ISBN 978-1-84593-843-7. pp. 142-155. Monneveux, P.; Ribaut, J.M. (eds.). 2011. Drought phenotyping in crops: From theory to practice. Texcoco (Mexico). CGIAR Generation Challenge Programme; International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). ISBN 978-970-648-178-8. 2 v. Monneveux, P.; Ribaut, J.M. (eds.). 2011. Plant phenotyping methodology. Texcoco (Mexico). CGIAR Generation Challenge Programme; International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). ISBN 978-970-648-178-8. v.1, 211 p. Monneveux, P.; Ribaut, J.M. (eds.). 2011. Application to specific crops. Texcoco (Mexico). CGIAR Generation Challenge Programme; International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). v.2, 475 p. Morales, W.; Taipe, P.; Forbes, G. 2011. Concentracion e infeccion de esporangios de Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary en pre-emergencia de tuberculos de papa (Solanum tuberosum). In: Andrade

44 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 2830 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda; Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio; CIP. pp. 69-71. Morocho, M.; Yumisaca, F.; Monteros, C.; Andrade Piedra, J. 2011. Efecto de epocas de cosechas de tres cultivares de papa (Solanum tuberosum L.) sobre el rendimiento y calidad de fritura para hojuelas de colores. In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda; Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio; CIP. pp. 91-92. Orrego, R.; Manrique, K.; Quevedo, M.; Ortiz, O. 2011. Mejorando la calidad de nuestra semilla de papa mediante la seleccion de las mejores plantas, seleccion positiva: Guia de campo para agricultores. Lima (Peru). Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP). ISBN 978-92-9060-403-7. 71 p. Pallo, E.; Taipe, A.; Yumisaca, F.; Panchi, N.; Espinoza, J.; Montesdeoca, F.; Andrade Piedra, J. 2011. Efecto de la seleccion positiva en el rendimiento del cultivo de papa. In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda; Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio; CIP. pp. 111-113. Panchi, N.; Taipe, A.; Yumisaca, F.; Pallo, E.; Montesdeoca, F.; Espinoza, S.; Andrade Piedra, J. 2011. Enfermedades y plagas que afectan la calidad de la semilla de papa y efecto de la seleccion positiva. In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia , Acuacultura y Pesca Universidad Estatal de Bolivar INIAP Consorcio de la Papa FAO Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio CIP. pp. 108-110. Panchi, N.; Pallo, E.; Montesdeoca, F.; Yumisaca, F.; Espinoza, S.; Taipe, A.; Andrade Piedra, J. 2011. Produzcamos nuestra semilla de papa de buena calidad: Guia para el agricultor. In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda; Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio; CIP. pp. 118-119. Panta, A.; Tay, D.; Ynouye, C.; Roca, W. 2011. The effect of pre-culture temperature treatment on the cryopreservation of potato shoot-tips. In: Panis, B. Lynch, P. (eds). Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Cryopreservation in Horticultural Species. 1. International Symposium on Cryopreservation in Horticultural Species. Leuven (Belgium). 05-08 Apr 2009. Bologna (Italy). International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS). ISBN 978-90-66054-70-7. pp. 509-512. Acta Horticulturae. ISSN 0567-7572. no.908. Park, Y.; Cho, K.; Cho, J.; Chang, D.; Kim, H.; Cho, H.; Landeo, J. 2011. Evaluation of late blight resistance and agronomic characteristics for B3C1 clones and its segregating progenies under long-day conditions in Korea. 94. Annual Meeting of the Potato Association of America. Corvallis (USA). 15-19 Aug 2010. American Journal of Potato Research. (USA). ISSN 1099-209X. 88(1):60. Paron, P.; Claessens, L. 2011. Makers and users of geomorphological maps. In: Smith, M. Paron, P. Griffiths, J.S. (eds). Geomorphological mapping. Methods and applications. Oxford (UK). Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-44453446-0. pp. 75-106. Developments in Earth Surface Processes. ISSN 0928-2025. no.15. Perez, W.; Forbes, G. 2011. Guia de identificacion de plagas que afectan a la papa en la zona andina. Lima (Peru). Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP). ISBN 978-92-9060-402-0. 48 p. Quiroz, R.; Posadas, A.; Yarleque, C.; Heidinger, H.; Barreda, C.; Raymundo, R.; Carbajal, M.; Loayza, H.; Tonnang, H.; Kroschel, J.; Forbes, G.; Haan, S. de. 2011. Retos para la produccion sostenible de papas

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en un clima cambiante: Una perspectiva de investigacion. In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda; Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio; CIP. p. 37. Rio, A. del.; Bamberg, J.; Centeno-Diaz, R.; Soto, J.; Salas, A.; Roca, W.; Tay, D. 2011. Microsatellite (SSR) marker analysis to examine the effects of pesticide contamination on the genetic diversity of potato species. 94. Annual Meeting of the Potato Association of America. Corvallis (USA). 15-19 Aug 2010. American Journal of Potato Research. (USA). ISSN 1099-209X. 88(1):35-36. Sanchez, D.F.; Panta, A.; Tay, D.; Roca, W. 2011. Cryopreservation of ulluco (Ullucus tuberosus Cal.) and oca (Oxalis tuberosa Mol.) shoot tips using the PVS2 droplet-vitrification method. In: Panis, B. Lynch, P. (eds). Proceedings. 1. International Symposium on Cryopreservation in Horticultural Species. Leuven (Belgium). 05-08 Apr 2009. Bologna (Italy). International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS). ISBN 978-90-6605470-7. pp. 339-346. Acta Horticulturae. ISSN 0567-7572. no.908. Schafleitner, R.; Ramirez, J.; Jarvis, A.; Evers, D.; Gutierrez, R.; Scurrah, M. 2011. Adaptation of the potato crop to changing climates. In: Yadav, S.S. Redden, R.J. Hatfield, J.L. Lotze-Campen, H. Hall, A.E. (eds). Crop adaptation to climate change. Oxford (UK). John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-8138-2016-3. pp. 287-297. Segnini, A.; Souza, A.A.; Novotny, E.H.; Bonagamba, T.J.; Posadas, A.; Quiroz, R.; Milori, D.M.B.P.; Neto, L.M. 2011. Characterization of peatland soils from the high Andes by 13C NMR spectroscopy. 15. Meeting of The International Humic Substances Society. Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Islas Canarias (Spain). 27 Jun - 2 Jul 2010. (Spain). IHSS. v. 2, pp. 352-355. Taipe, P.; Forbes, G.; Andrade Piedra, J. 2011. Estimacion del nivel de susceptibilidad a Phytophthora infestans en genotipos de papa. In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda; Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio; CIP. pp. 72-74. Torres, L.; Montesdeoca, F.; Andrade Piedra, J. 2011. Oferta y demanda de innovaciones tecnologicas en un contexto de mercado con agricultores alto andinos de baja escala: Caso CONPAPA. In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda; Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio; CIP. pp. 24-26. Torres, L.; Montesdeoca, F.; Gallegos, P.; Castillo, C.; Asaquibay, C.; Valverde, F.; Orozco, F.; Perez, C.; Monteros, C.; Cuesta, X.; Taipe, A.; Andrade Piedra, J. 2011. Inventario de tecnologias de papa generadas por INIAP y CIP en Ecuador. In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda; Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio; CIP. pp. 130-131. Triveno, G.; Ordinola, M.; Samanamud, K.; Fonseca, C.; Manrique, K.; Quevedo, M. 2011. Buenas practicas para el desarrollo de la cadena productiva de la papa: Experiencias con el proyecto INCOPA en el Peru. Lima (Peru). Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP); Proyecto INCOPA; Iniciativa Papa Andina. ISBN 978-92-9060405-1. 126 p. Vasquez, L.; Cañedo, V.; Kroschel, J. 2011. Evaluacion del efecto de Spinosad, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis y nematodos entomopatogenicos sobre la pulguilla de la papa Epitrix yanazara Bechyne 1959 (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) en papa (Solanum tuberosum). In: Sociedad Entomologica del Peru (SEP),

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Lima. Resumenes. 53. Convencion Nacional de Entomologia. Lima (Peru). 7-10 Nov 2011. Lima (Peru). SEP; Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina. ISBN 978-612-46103-0-1. p. 56. Walker, T.; Thiele, G.; Suarez, V.; Crissman, C. 2011. Hindsight and foresight about sweetpotato production and consumption. Lima (Peru). International Potato Center (CIP). Social Science. 25 p. Social Sciences Working Paper. ISSN 0256-8748. no.2011-6. Woolley, J.; Johnson, V.B.; Ospina, B.; Lemaga, B.; Jordan, T.; Harrison, G.; Thiele, G. 2011. Incorporating stakeholder perspectives in international agricultural research: The case of the CGIAR Research Program for Roots, Tubers and Bananas for food security and income. Lima (Peru). International Potato Center (CIP). Social Science Department. 45 p. Social Sciences Working Paper. ISSN 0256-8748. no.2011-3. Yumisaca, F.; Morocho, M.; Aucancela, R.; Vasquez, P.; Monteros, C.; Andrade Piedra, J. 2011. Conservacion in situ y reintroduccion de papas nativas con pequenos agricultores de la provincia de Chimborazo. In: Andrade Piedra, J. Reinoso, J. Ayala, S. (eds). Memorias. 4. Congreso Ecuatoriano de la Papa. Guaranda (Ecuador) 28-30 Jun 2011. Guaranda (Ecuador). Gobierno Autonomo Descentralizado del canton Guaranda; Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Acuacultura y Pesca; Universidad Estatal de Bolivar; INIAP; Consorcio de la Papa; FAO; Fondo Ecuatoriano Populorum Progressio; CIP. pp. 86-87. Zaag, P. vander.; Anderson, P.K.; Godfrey, J.E.; Best, S.G. 2011. Roots for life: Securing the world potato collection for future generations. 94. Annual Meeting of the Potato Association of America. Corvallis (USA). 15-19 Aug 2010. American Journal of Potato Research. (USA). ISSN 1099-209X. 88(1):67.

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48 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

CIP in 2011

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 49

FINANCIAL REPORT

The International Potato Center’s total revenues reached US$33.8M in 2011, 2% below those of 2010. They included US$9.2M of unrestricted contributions, US$24M of restricted donations and US$0.6M of other revenues, consisting of interests earned on investments and exchange rate gains.

Unrestricted contributions decreased by USD$2.2M in 2011 from USD$11.4M to USD$9.2M as a result of the transition from unrestricted contributions to the new CGIAR Research Programs, which are considered restricted contributions. Restricted contributions increased by USD$1.6M from USD$22.4M to USD$24M. During 2011, 41 new restricted proposals were submitted to donors, for a total of US$30.5M. In this same period, 36 proposals were approved, for a total value of US$22.1M.

Revenues (US$ thousands)
24,000 18,000 12,000

Expenditures (US$ thousands)
24,000

6,000 18,000 —
Unrestricted 2008 2009 Restricted 2010 2011

12,000 6,000 —
Unrestricted Restricted 2009 2010 2011

CIP achieved a USD$ 0.07M surplus in 2011. The Center’s reserves, measured as net assets minus net fixed assets were USD$8.1M, a slight decrease with respect to 2010 due to the utilization of USD$0.6M in designated Net Assets for the implementation of a new Enterprise Resource Planning system.

2008

Financial Reserves (US$ thousands)
9,000 8,000 7,000 6,000 5,000
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Indirect Cost Ratio
25%
31.4%

20% 15% 10% 5%

30%

30.6%

2009

2010

2011

50 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

Unrestricted expenditures decreased by 10% from US$10.8M to US$9.7M. CIP’s indirect cost ratio reached 20.6%. In 2010, the Center finished the revision of its cost structure and cost allocation methods in line with full costing principles in FG5. The 2009 indirect rate was revised for comparison. The liquidity indicator (measured as net working capital plus long-term investments divided by the daily average expenditures excluding depreciation) decreased from 120 days in 2010 to 113 days in 2011. The financial stability indicator (calculated as the unrestricted net assets minus net fixed assets, divided by the daily average expenditures excluding depreciation) decreased from 100 days to 92 days in 2011. Both indicators are within the acceptable ranges of the CGIAR.

Audited financial statements Statement of financial position
Year ending December 31, 2011 and 2010 (USD $000)

2011 US$ ASSETS Current assets Cash and cash equivalent Investments Account receivable: Donors Employees Others Inventory 4,032 123 672 343 2,525 399 31,004 7,775 15,135

2010 US$

3,147 17,060

5,593 160 309 578 1,464 225 28,536

Liquidity (Acceptable range 90/120 days)
120 100 80
DAYS 97 99 93 104 96 93 92

Advances Prepaid expenses
120 112

Total current assets Non-current assets Investments, non-current

60 40 20 0
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
51

66 4,431 4,497 35,501

581 4,484 5,065 33,601

Furnishing and equipment, net Total non-current assets Total assets

2011 US$ Liabilities and net assets Current liabilities

2010 US$

Adequacy of Reserves (Acceptable range -75/90 days)
120 100 80
DAYS 104 97 95 93 89 93 84 90 92

Accounts payable Donors Employees Others Accruals and provisions Total current liabilities 15,272 231 5,191 399 21,093 12,681 217 5,512 430 18,840

60 40 20 0
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
51

Non- current liabilities Employees Accruals and provisions Total non-current liabilities Total liabilities Net assets 1,260 597 1,857 22,950 1,003 707 1,710 20,550

CIP’s financial position as of December 2011 is presented in the table below. A copy of the complete audited financial statements may be requested from the office of the Director for Finance and Administration at CIP headquarters in Lima, Peru.

Designated Undesignated Total net assets Total liabilities and net assets

6,001 6,550 12,551 35,501

6,661 6,390 13,051 33,601

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 51

DONOR LIST
STATEMENT OF GRANT REVENUE Donors (For the year ending 31 December, 2011) (US$ 000) Unrestricted 4,933 Restricted 3,634 5,261 3,490 519 1,543 1,302 1,121 411 737 695 635 577 486 378 368 308 300 289 231 208 169 144 9 126 120 115 110 107 102 86 74 56 40 39 38 26 22 21 20 19 17 16 16 12 10 7 7 6 4 4 3 2 9,194 Total 8,567 5,261 3,490 1,954 1,608 1,543 1,517 1,464 930 737 695 635 577 486 378 368 308 300 289 231 208 169 144 129 126 120 115 110 107 102 86 74 56 40 39 38 26 22 21 20 19 17 16 16 12 12 10 7 7 6 4 4 3 2

CGIAR Secretariat Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Government of Belgium Government of Switzerland Global Enviroment Facility (GEF) Irish Aid Government of Germany (BMZ/GIZ) Government of Australia Grand Duchy of Luxembourg International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Cabinda Gulf Oil Company Limited (Chevron) Government of Canada Government of Spain New Zealand Aid Programme (NZAID) Common Fund for Commodities (CFC) African Development Bank UK Department for International Development (DFID) Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations (FAO) HarvestPlus Challenge Program Government of Peru Fondo Regional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (FONTAGRO) European Commission Government of China International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) Government of Austria The McKnight Foundation Government of The Republic of Korea The Global Crop Diversity Trust CGIAR Systemwide Livestock Programme (SLP) Government of India International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) National Science Foundation (NSF) The Howard G. Buffett Foundation (HGBF) Fundación Accion Contra el Hambre Government of Denmark The Scottish Government International Development Fund Government of Colombia ICGEB-TWAS-UNESCO/IBSP Joint Programme on Capacity Building in Basic Molecular Biology International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) Generation Challenge Program (GCP) United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Aid for Africa Government of Finland Government of Philippines Government of Ecuador The OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID) Conservation International Foundation Asociación Pataz Syngenta Crop Protection AG International Fund for Agricultural Research (IFAR) FONDOEMPLEO TOTAL

1,954 1,089 215 343 519

120

12

24,030 33,224

52 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

GLOBAL CONTACT POINTS

24 18

CHINA

INDIA
19 2122 23 20 8 9 11

ECUADOR
2

1

26

KENYA
5 6 7 10 13 12 14 15 16 17 25

PERU

3 4

CIP Headquarters

Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) Regional Office

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) Regional Office

South, West and Central Asia (SWCA) Regional Office

East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific (ESEAP) Regional Office

Country Offices: 1. Cali (Colombia) 2. Quito (Ecuador) 3. Lima (Peru) 4. Huancayo (Peru) 5. San Ramon (Peru) 6. Cochabamba (Bolivia)

7. Sao Carlos (Brazil) 8. Kumasi (Ghana) 9. Cotonou (Benin) 10. Huambo (Angola) 11. Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) 12. Nairobi (Kenya) 13. Kampala (Uganda)

14. Ruhengeri (Rwanda) 15. Lilongwe (Malawi) 16. Blantyre (Malawi) 17. Chimoio (Manica Province, Mozambique) 18. Tashkent (Uzbekistan) 19. New Delhi (India)

20. Shillong (India) 21. Kathmandu (Nepal) 22. Dhaka (Bangladesh) 23. Bhubaneswar (India) 24. Beijing (China) 25. Lembang (Indonesia) 26. Los Baños (Philippines)

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 53

CIP Headquarters
International Potato Center (CIP) Avenida La Molina 1895, La Molina, Lima, Peru P.O. Box 1558, Lima 12, Peru Tel: +51 1 349 6017 / 5783 / 5777 Fax: +51 1 317 5326 Email: cip@cgiar.org Website: www.cipotato.org P.O. Box 3785, Fumesua, Kumasi, Ghana Tel: +233 322 060929 Fax: +233 51 60396 Email: e.carey@cgiar.org Liaison Office - Uganda Naguru Hill, Katalima Road, Plot 106 P.O. Box 22274, Kampala, Uganda Tel: +256 414 286 209 Fax: +256 414 286 947 Email: b.lemaga@cgiar.org Liaison Office - Mozambique c/o Instituto de Investigação Agraria de Mozambique (IIAM) Avenida das FPLM 2698 Box 2100, Maputo, Mozambique Tel / fax: +258 21 461 610 Email: m.andrade@cgiar.org Liaison Office - Malawi Chitedze Research Station, SARRNET Building P.O. Box 31600, Lilongwe 3, Malawi Tel: +265 1 707 014 Fax: +265 1 707 026 Email: p.demo@cgiar.org Liaison Office - Republic of Angola Centro Internacional da Batata (CIP) Rua Coluna do Sul Casa No 2 Bairro Cidade Alta Huambo Republic of Angola Tel: +244 9141 36087 Fax: +244 2412 22687 Email: b.kowalski@cgiar.org Liaison Office - Benin c/o IITA/Africa Rice B.P. 08 tri-postal 0932 Cotonou, Benin Tel: +229 21 350 188, ext. 260 Fax: +229 21 350 556 Email: k.hell@cgiar.org Liaison Office - Ethiopia c/o ILRI - Ethiopia P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa Ethiopia Tel: +251 11 617 2291 Fax: +251 11 617 2001 Email: s.schulz@cgiar.org

Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)
Regional Office Santa Catalina Experimental Station Panamericana Sur Km 1 Sector Cutuglahua Canton Mejía Apartado 17-21-1977 Quito, Ecuador Tel: +593 2 3006 443/30069063 Fax: +593 2 3006 154 Email: cip-quito@cgiar.org or a.devaux@cgiar.org San Ramon Experimental Station International Potato Center (CIP) Ex Fundo El Milagro s/n Chanchamayo San Ramón, Peru Tel: +51 064 331086 Email: r.duarte@cgiar.org Huancayo Experimental Station Fundo Santa Ana s/n Hualahoyo El Tambo Huancayo – Junín, Peru Tel: +51 064 246767 Email: v.otazu@cgiar.org

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)
Regional Office c/o ILRI Campus Old Naivasha Road, Uthiru, Nairobi, Kenya P.O. Box 25171, Nairobi 00603, Kenya Tel: +254 20 422 3602 Fax: +254 20 422 3001 / 3600 Email: cip-nbo@cgiar.org Liaison Office - Ghana c/o CSIR - Crop Research Institute

54 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

South, West and Central Asia (SWCA)
Regional Office CGIAR Centers Block, NASC Complex DPS Marg, Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110012, India Tel: +91 11 2584 0201 / 3734 Fax: +91 11 2584 7481 Email: cip-delhi@cgiar.org Liaison Office - Orissa c/o RCCTCRI, Dumuduma Bhubaneswar-751019, Orissa, India Tel: +91 674 247 2244 Fax: +91 674 247 0768 Email: s.attaluri@cgiar.org Liaison Office - Uzbekistan c/o ICARDA- PFU P.O.Box 4564, Tashkent 100 000, Uzbekistan Courier address: c/o ICARDA- PFU 6, Osiyo Street, 100 000 Tashkent, Uzbekistan Tel: +998 71 237 1782 Fax: +998 71 120 7125 Email: c.carli@cgiar.org Project Office - Nepal c/o International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development G.P.O. Box 3226, Khumaltar, Kathmandu, Nepal Tel: +977 1 500 3222 Fax: +977 1 500 3299 / 3277 Tel. (ILRI switchboard): +251 11 617 2000 Email: m.spordeler@cgiar.org Project Office - Bangladesh USAID Horticulture Project, CIP/AVRDC Bangladesh H 1/A, HB Tower, Road # 23, Gulshan-1, Dhaka-1212. Bangladesh Tel: +88 02 9854240 Email: s.a.begum@cgiar.org

China Tel: +86-10-6210-9999 Fax: +86-10-6210-9990 Email: cip-china@cgiar.org Regional Office - China c/o The Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Zhong Guan Cun South Street 12 Beijing, People’s Republic of China Tel: +86 10 8210 5690 Fax: +86 10 8210 5690 Email: cip-china@cgiar.org Liaison Office - Indonesia c/o BALITSA Jl.Tangkuban Perahu no. 517 P.O. Box 8404 Lembang-Bandung 40391, Indonesia Courier address: c/o BALITSA Jl.Tangkuban Perahu no. 517, Lembang Bandung, 40391, Indonesia Tel: +62 22 278 5591 / 5586 Fax: +62 22 278 5549 Email: cip-eseap@cgiar.org Liaison Office - Philippines PCARRD Complex, Los Baños, Laguna 4030, Philippines Tel: + 63 49 536-8185; +63 49 536-1662 Email: cip-manila@cgiar.org Project Office - Vietnam Phong 215, Nha A, Vien Chan nuoi Thuy Phuong, Chem Tu Liem, Hanoi, Vietnam Tel: +84 4 741 0004 Fax: +84 4 741 0003 Email: tnguyen@cgiar.org

East and South East Asia and the Pacific (ESEAP)
CIP-China Center for Asia and the Pacific (CCCAP) 708 Pan Pacific Plaza A12 Zhongguancun Nandajie Beijing 100081

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 55

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE COMMITT E T

Back row: Michael Gerba, David Theriault, Paolo Donini, Lu Xiaoping, Carlos Alonso. Front row: Ulrika Martinius, Pamela K. Anderson, Amalia Perochena.

56 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

CIP’S INTERNAL STRUCTURE P’S NTER T

Board of Trustees

External Relations Mariella Altet

Director General Pamela K. Anderson

Chief Operations Officer, COO David Theriault

Exec. D. for Strategy and Corporate Development Carlos Alonso

DDG for Research Paolo Donini

DDG -CCCAP Xiaoping Lu

Human Resources Head Ulrika Martinius

Executive Officer for Research Mgmt Philippe Monneveux

Head of Research Support Units Amalia Perochena

DD -CCCAP Frank Hawke

Chief Financial Officer, CFO Michael Gerba

REGIONS ROL
Regional Operations Leader Andre Devaux Regional Science Leader-Potato Andre Devaux

GLOBAL RSL
Regional Science LeaderSweetpotato Andre Devaux

UNITS
Genebank David Tay Germplasm Acquisition and Distribution, GADU Janny Van Beem Integrated IT and Computational Research Reinhard Simon Science Laboratories Rosario Herrera Experimental Station and Greenhouses Recruiting Innovation and Outcomes Recruiting Impact Assessment Monitoring and Evaluation Guy Hareau

Genetic Resources Global Science Leader Stef De Haan

Grants and Contracts Head Michelle Rodrigo

LAC

Technology Head Carlos Varela da Silva

Regional Operations Leader Susan Corning

Regional Science Leader-Potato Recruiting

Regional Science Leader-Sweetpotato SSA Jan Low

Genetics and Crop Improvement Global Science Leader Merideth Bonierbale

SSA

SWCA

Administration Head Eduardo Ferreyra

Regional Operations Leader Julian Parr

Regional Science Leader-Potato Carlo Carli

Regional Science Leader-Sweetpotato Asia Dindo Campilan

Genomics and Biotechnology Global Science Leader Marc Ghislain

CPAD Head Valerie Gwinner
Regional Operations Leader Frank Hawke Regional Science Leader-Potato Recruiting

Integrated Crop and Systems Research Global Science Leader Oscar Ortiz

Library Head Cecilia Ferreyra

Regional Science Leader-Sweetpotato Asia Dindo Campilan

ESEAP

Social and Health Sciences Global Science Leader Graham Thiele

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 57

CIP STAFF LIST
THE LIST REFLECTS INFORMATION UP TO 31 DECEMBER 2011

1. Administration
Office of the Director General
Anderson, Pamela K., Director General Alberco, Roque, Audiovisual Technician Altet, Mariella, Manager for External Relations Gorvenia, José, Driver Huanes, Martha, Acting Executive Assistant Infantas, Viviana, Visitors Officer Mendoza, Julio, Driver Puccini, Alfredo, Multimedia Designer Taipe, Elena, Graphic Designer Torres, José, Graphic Designer Library Ferreyra, Cecilia, Head Librarian García, Daniel, Library Auxiliary Hoyos, Alexis, Library Auxiliary Lay, Griselda, Library Assistant

Office of the Chief Operating Officer
Theriault, David, COO Koechlin, Bertha, Executive Assistant

Capacity Strengthening Department
Nelles, Wayne, Head Suito, Mercedes, Administrative Assistant

Office of the Executive Director for Strategy and Corporate Development
Alonso, Carlos, EDGSCD Koechlin, Bertha, Executive Assistant

Finances Department
Gerba, Michael, Chief Finance Officer Alburqueque, Luis, Finance Assistant Arenas, Elena, Projects Analyst Bardalez, Eliana, Regional Accountant Barrantes, Katia, Finance Analyst Copete, Victoria, Finance Analyst Espinoza, Mercedes, Junior Finance Assistant García, Harry, Finance Assistant Lucero, Elisa, Junior Finance Assistant Mendoza, Patricia, Restricted Projects Supervisor Monteverde, Carla, Assistant Accountant Neyra, Gladys, Administrative Assistant Orellana, Sonnia, Cashier Patiño, Milagros, Budget Supervisor Peralta, Eduardo, Restricted Project Accountant Seminario, Karla, Junior Finance Assistant Saavedra, Miguel, General Accountant Sarmiento, Marily, Junior Finance Assistant Tapia, César, Restricted Project Accountant Zambrano, Mamerto, Office Auxiliary Zapata, Susana, Restricted Project Accountant Zuñiga, Carlos, Finance Assistant Zuñiga, Tania, Treasurer

Office of the Deputy Executive Director for Strategy and Corporate Development
Perochena, Amalia, DEDSCD Chiscul, Eduardo, Junior Finance Assistant

Office of the Deputy Director General for Research
Donini, Paolo, DDG-Research Monneveux, Philippe, Executive Officer Salinas, Lilia, Executive Assistant

Grants & Contracts
Rodrigo, Michelle, Head Carrillo, Gonzalo, Grants & Contracts Specialist Harrison, Gary, Proposal Manager/Technical Writer Mel, Isabel, Bilingual Secretary Romero, Flor de María, Grants & Contracts Administrator

Communications and Public Awareness Department
Gwinner Valerie, Head Avendaño, Juan Carlos, Exhibits/Display Auxiliary Becker, Jacqueline, Media Specialist Delgado, Ruth, Exhibits/Display Assistant Echeandía, Edda, Multimedia Developer Fernández-Concha, Nini, Graphic Designer Lafosse, Cecilia, Chief Designer Lanatta, María Elena, Departmental Assistant Morales, Anselmo, Graphic Designer

Administration Office
Ferreyra, Eduardo, Head Córdova, Silvia, Executive Assistant Logistics Arellano, Tito, Warehouse Chief Auqui, Filomeno, Purchasing Assistant Cárdenas, Bryan, Purchasing Assistant Dueñas, Javier, General Services Assistant Ganoza, Ximena, Procurement Supervisor

58 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

Garay, Rogger, Warehouse Auxiliary García, Raúl, Import Purchasing Assistant Kuwae, Ikeho, Purchasing Assistant Noa, Martín, General Services Auxiliary Pozada, Angel, Warehouse Assistant Ramos, Jenner, Import Purchasing Assistant Vences, Luciana, Local Purchasing Assistant Maintenance Alarcón, Willy, Maintenance Technician Blanco, Dalmecio, Maintenance Technician Dávila, Rogger, Maintenance Technician Franco, Manuel, Maintenance Technician Palomino, Juan, Maintenance Technician Peláez, Pedro, Maintenance Technician Quispe, Kini, Maintenance Technician Yancce, José, Maintenance Technician Zapata, Saturnino, Maintenance Technician Motor Pool Alminagorta, Luis, Driver Curasi, Mario, Driver Enciso, Cirilo, Driver Enciso, Wilmer, Motor Pool Mechanic Garay, Marino, Driver Marquina, Juan, Driver Cleaning Auqui, Carlos, Janitor Ccenta, Alberto, Janitor Enciso, Facundo, Janitor Mamani, Jaime, Janitor Reception Bruno, Genaro, Receptionist Security Briceño, Antolín, Plant Security Montalvo, Hugo, Plant Security Tintaya, Teófilo, Plant Security Vásquez, Lisardo, Plant Security

Information Technology Unit
Varela, Carlos, Head Aliaga, José, Network Administrator Del Villar, Roberto, Server Administrator García, Paulo, Helpdesk Assistant Guillermo, David, Systems Assistant Junchaya, José, Systems Auxiliary Llantoy, César, Helpdesk Assistant Navarro, Mayra, Systems Assistant Orué, Raúl, Systems & Security Administrator Puchuri, Jacqueline, Administrative Systems Analyst Rodríguez, Saúl, Web Systems Analyst Torres, Edgardo, Systems Development Administrator Valdivieso, Peter, Helpdesk Administrator

2. Research Divisions
Division 1: Impact Enhancement
Graham, Thiele, Anthropologist, Division Leader Ashby, Jacqueline, Research Coordinator (Colombia) Campilan, Dindo, Sociologist, CIP-SWCA Regional Leader Fonseca, Cristina, Agronomist, Intermediate Researcher Grant, Frederick, Nutritionist Project Manager (Nairobi) Hareau, Guy, Agricultural Economist Hell, Kerstin, Marketing and Post Harvest Specialist Kleinwechter, Ulrich, Post Doctoral Fellow Labarta, Ricardo, Regional Economist (Nairobi) Low, Jan, Economist, CIP-SSA SASHA Project Manager Maldonado, Luis, Economist, Intermediate Researcher Mbabu, Adiel, Project Manager Miethbauer, Thomas, Associate Scientist Ouedraogo, Herman, Nutritionist (Nairobi) Prain, Gordon, Social Anthropologist Pradel, Willy, Zoologist, Intermediate Researcher Sindi, Kirimi, Impact Specialist Suárez, Víctor, Statistics Assistant Vásquez, Zandra, Administrative Assistant

Human Resources and Lodging & Food Services
Martinius, Ulrika, Head Castillo, María Cecilia, Human Resources Analyst García, Erika, Administrative Assistant Gómez, Sandra, Human Resources Assistant Gúzman, Melissa, Human Resources Assistant Isla, Rocío, Social Worker, Social Welfare and Health Supervisor Lazarte, Carla, Human Resources Manager Marcovich, Rosario, Administrative Assistant Polo, William, Human Resources Analyst Schmidt, Lucero, Nurse Varas, Yoner, Salary Administrator Lodging and Food Services Alfaro, Jorge, Cooking Attendant Barrios, Teófilo, Cooking Attendant Chávez, Raúl, Cook Ferreyros, Mónica, Lodging and Food Services Supervisor Lapouble, Sor, Lodging and Food Services Assistant Llallico, Joel, Cooking Attendant Navarro, Teófila, Room & Linen Attendant Vargas, Gerardo, Cooking Attendant Ventura, Jerónimo, Cooking Attendant Venturo, Quico, Cook

Division 2: Genetic Resources Conservation and Characterization
Tay, David, Plant Biologist, Division Leader Barrientos, Marleni, Laboratory Technician Bendezú, Néstor, Research Technician Biondi, Jorge, Research Assistant Callañaupa, Julio, Greenhouse Auxiliary Cárdenas, José, Laboratory Technician Cárdenas, Saúl, Laboratory Auxiliary Carrillo, Oscar, Research Technician Chávez, Oswaldo, Systems Assistant Cruzado, Juan, Research Technician Espinoza, Francisco, Research Technician Espinoza, Giancarlo, Laboratory Auxiliary Fernández, Víctor, Research Technician Gago, Amparo, Research Technician García, Luis, Greenhouse Auxiliary García, Wendy, Laboratory Auxilairy Gaspar, Oswaldo, Field/Greenhouse Auxiliary Gómez, René, Agronomist, Intermediate Researcher Gonzales, Roberto, Research Technician Javier, Miguel, Research Technician López, Serapio, Research Technician

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 59

Manrique, Iván, Biologist, Intermediate Researcher Martín, Mariana, Administrative Assistant Panta, Ana, Biologist, Intermediate Researcher Ramírez, Carlos, Research Technician Robles, Olegario, Research Technician Robles, Ronald, Biologist, Research Assistant Rodríguez, Wilder, Research Technician Rojas, Edwin, System Analyst Rojas, Héctor, Laboratory Auxiliary Rojas, Luis, Systems Assistant Romero, Sandra, Research Technician Rossel, Genoveva, Biologist, Intermediate Researcher Ruíz, Mario, Research Technician Salas, Alberto, Agronomist, Research Associate Sánchez, Juan, Research Technician Soto, Julián, Biologist, Research Assistant Torres, Pilar, Laboratory Technician Uribe, Lucio, Research Technician Valverde, Miguel, Laboratory Auxiliary Vargas, Fanny, Agronomist, Intermediate Researcher Velásquez, Eduardo, Laboratory Auxiliary Villagaray, Rosalva, Research Technician Vicencio, Domingo, Field & Greenhouse Auxiliary Vivanco, Francisco, Agronomist, Research Assistant Vollmer Rainer, Research Assistant Ynga, Alberto, Research Technician Zea, Brenda, Biotechnologist, Research Assistant Germplasm Acquisition & Distribution Unit van Beem, Janny, Head Falcón, Rosario, Biologist, Intermediate Research Grande, Enrique, Research Technician Lara, Raúl, Greenhouse Auxiliary

Division 3: Germplasm Enhancement and Crop Improvement
Bonierbale, Merideth, Senior Potato Breeder, Division Leader Agili, Sammy, Breeder, Research Assistant Alfaro, Delio, Research Technician Aliaga, Vilma, Greenhouse Auxiliary Alva, Eduar, Greenhouse Auxiliary Amorós, Walter, Agronomist, Research Associate Andrade, María, Sweetpotato Breeder and Seed Systems Specialist (Mozambique) Aponte, Maruja, Research Technician Asto, Rene, Greenhouse Auxiliary Attaluri, Sreekanth, Sweetpotato Agronomist and Research Coordinator (India) Baca, Helga, Greenhouse Auxiliary Bastos, Carolina, Agronomist, Research Assistant Blanco, Mónica, Administrative Assistant Burgos, Gabriela, Biologist, Intermediate Researcher Cabello, Rolando, Agronomist, Intermediate Researcher Carey, Ted, Sweetpotato Breeder (Ghana) Carli, Carlo, Potato Seed Production Specialist Carpio, Rossemary, Research Assistant Cayhualla, Edith, Research Technician Cho, Kwangsoo, Visiting Scientist Cruzado, Regina, Research Assistant De Haan, Stefan, Potato Breeder Del Villar, Faviola, Research Technician

Díaz, Federico, Biologist, Intermediate Researcher Díaz, Luis, Agronomist, Intermediate Researcher Erquinio, Efraín, Field/Greenhouse Auxiliary Eyzaguire, Raúl, Statistician, Research Assistant Fernández, Luciano, Research Technician Fernández, Máximo, Research Technician Frisancho, Julio, Research Technician Gallo, Patricia, Secretary García, Paulo, Research Technician Gastelo, Manuel, Agronomist, Intermediate Researcher Gati, Jean Maurine, Scientific Assistant Ghislain, Marc, Head Applied Biotechnology Laboratory (Nairobi) Gómez, Félix, Research Technician Gómez, Jhon, Field/Greenhouse Auxiliary Gómez, Walter, Research Technician Gruneberg, Wolfgang, Sweetpotato Breeder Geneticist Gutiérrez, Luis, Research Technician Gutiérrez, Raymundo, Agricultural Engineer, Research Assistant Harahagazwe, Dieudonne, Seed Systems Specialist (Mozambique) Heider, Bettina, Germplasm Curator and Pre-Breeding Specialist Herrera, Rosario, Biologist, Intermediate Researcher Huaccachi, Juan, Research Technician Hualla Vilma, Biologist, Research Assistant Huamani, Kelvin, Biologist, Research Assistant Kadian, Mohinder Singh, Potato Agronomist (India) Lindqvist-Kreze, Hannele, Biotic Stress Geneticist Loayza, Wilder, Greenhouse Auxiliary Lozano, Marco, Laboratory Auxiliary Manrique, Sandra, Ph.D. Biologist, Intermediate Researcher Martínez, Napoleón, Field Laborer Martínez, Roberto, Greenhouse Auxiliary Mihovilovich, Elisa, Biologist, Intermediate Researcher Montenegro, Daniel, Junior Research Assistant Munive, Susan, Research Technician Muñoa, Lupita, Research Technician Murrieta, Raquel, Secretary Mwathi, Margaret, Plant Molecular Biologist Orbegozo, Jeanette, Biologist, Research Assistant Ordoñez, Benny, Research Technician Ormachea, Milagros, Biologist, Research Assistant Orrillo, Matilde, Biologist, Intermediate Researcher Porras, Eduardo, Research Technician Portal, Leticia, Biologist, Research Assistant Pozo, Víctor, Research Technician Prentice, Katterine, Biologist, Research Assistant Quispe, Dora, Junior Research Assistant Ramos, Martín, Research Technician Ramos, Shamir, Research Technician Reyes, Eddy, Research Technician Rivera, Cristina, Biologist, Research Assistant Rodríguez, Daniel, Greenhouse Auxiliary Rodríguez, José, Research Technician Román, María Lupe, Biologist, Research Assistant Romero, Edgar, Laboratory Auxiliary Romero, Elisa, Agronomist, Research Assistant Salas, Elisa, Agronomist, Research Assistant Salcedo, Carlos, Greenhouse Auxiliary

60 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

Sánchez, Jacqueline, Research Technician Sánchez, Laura, Research Technician Sosa, Paola, Research Technician Tasso, Carolina, Junior Research Assistant Tumwegamire, Silver, Breeder, Research Assistant (Uganda) Untiveros, Milton, Biologist, Research Assistant Vega, Jorge, Research Technician Vélez, José, Research Technician Wamalwa, Lydia, Research Assistant Zum Felde, Thomas, Plant Breeder/NIRS Specialist

Division 4: Crop Management & Production Systems
Ortiz, Oscar, Agricultural Innovation Scientist, Division Leader Abidin, Erna, Sweetpotato Production Specialist (Malawi) Alarcón, Nikolai, Research Technician Alcazar, Jesús, Agronomist, Research Associate Arellano, Jaime, Research Technician Barreda, Carolina, Agronomist, Research Assistant Cañedo, Verónica, Biologist, Intermediate Researcher Carbajal, Mariella, Research Assistant Carhuapoma, Pablo, Statistician, Research Assistant Chuquillanqui, Carlos, Agronomist, Intermediate Research Claessens, Lieven, Soil Scientist (Kenya) Cruz, Mariana, Biologist, Intermediate Researcher Cuellar, Wilmer, Post-Doctoral Fellow De la Torre, Elvin, Laboratory Technician Demo, Paul, Potato Specialist, Liaison Scientist Espinoza, Hugo, Research Technician Ezeta, Fernando, Agronomist Flores, Betty, Research Assistant Forbes, Gregory, Pathologist French, Edward, Scientist Emeritus Fuentes, Segundo, Plant Pathologist, Research Associate Gamarra, Heidy, Biologist, Research Assistant Gamboa, Soledad, Biologist, Intermediate Researcher Gávilan, Carla, Agronomist, Research Assistant Girish, Basavapatna Halappa, Potato Scientist Gonzales, Manuel, Laboratory Technician Guerrero, Beder, Greenhouse Auxiliary Guerrero, José, Systems Assistant Gutarra, Liliam, Agronomist, Intermediate Researcher Heidinger, Haline, Enviroment Engineer, Research Assistant Huamán, Eva, Research Technician Kadian, Mohinder Singh, Potato Agronomist (India) Kakuhenzire, Rogers, Regional Potato Research Fellow (Uganda) Kowalski, Britta, Potato Agronomist, Project Leader (Angola) Kreuze, Jan, Molecular Virologist Kroschel, Jurgen, Entomologist Lanatta, Amalia, Administrative Assistant Lemaga, Berga, Potato Agronomist (Uganda) León-Velarde, Carlos, Agricultural Systems Analysis Specialist Loayza, Hildo, Research Assistant McEwan, Margaret, Research Leader on OFSP Technology Transfer Dissemination (Kenya) Mendoza, Carlos, Research Technician Menete, Zelia, Technology Transfer Specialist

Meza, Marco, Research Technician Miethbauer, Thomas, Associate Scientist Mujica, Norma, Agronomist, Intermediate Researcher Muller, Giovanna, Biologist, Intermediate Researcher Ochoa, Francisco, Research Technician Orrego, Ricardo, Agronomist, Intermediate Researcher Paredes, Catalina, Research Technician Pérez, Ana, Junior Research Assistant Pérez, Willmer, Plant Pathologist, Intermediate Researcher Ponce, Luciano, Research Technician Posadas, Adolfo, Physicist, Research Associate, Liaison Officer Brazil Quiróz, Roberto, Land Use Systems Specialist Quispe, Gian, Research Technician Raymundo, Rubí, GIS, Research Assistant Rojas, Mecy, Research Technician Sánchez, Juan, Research Technician Santivañez, Sonia, Secretary Schulte-Geldermann, Elmar, ICP Specialist Sierralta, Alexander, Laboratory Technician Silva, Luis, Database Technician Sporleder, Marc, Entomologist, ICM Specialist Taipe, Jaime, Research Assistant Tenorio, Jorge, Biologist, Intermediate Researcher Tonnang, Henri, Entomologist Trebejo, Marcelo, Research Technician Trillo, Antonio, Research Technician Valdivia, Roberto, Agronomist, Coordinator Altagro-Puno Valdizán, Ivonne, Administrative Assistant Vega, Adan, Research Technician Ventura, Fredy, Laboratory Technician Vinueza, Marcelo, Research Technician Yarlequé, Christian, Research Assistant Zamudio, Julia, Administrative Assistant Zegarra, Octavio, Biologist, Research Assistant Zorogastúa, Percy, Agronomist, Intermediate Researcher

Field Research Support - La Molina
Duarte, Roberto, Agronomist, Field/Greenhouse Supervisor Alburqueque, Juan, Field Laborer Barrientos, Herminio, Gardener Callañupa, Francisco, Field Laborer Cumpa, Jhony, Field Laborer Domínguez, Augusto, Field Laborer Espinoza, Israel, Gardener Huarcaya, Alberto, Field Laborer Lara, Carmen, Secretary Mena, Víctor, Greenhouse/Field Laborer Merma, Luis, Greenhouse/Field Laborer Noa, Fernando, Field Laborer Olmedo, José, Field Driver Quino, Miguel, Research Technician Zamora, Marco, Field Laborer

Field Research Support - Huancayo
Otazú, Victor, Experimental Stations Superintendent Ayquipa, Agustín, Driver Blas, Walter, Mechanic Cardoso, Reymundo, Field Laborer Cipriano, Jorge, Field Laborer Colachagua, Eloy, Research Technician

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 61

Cosme, Anastacio, Research Technician Coz, Armando, Driver Cristóbal, Juan, Field Laborer Falcón, José, Cooking Attendant Flores, Julián, Office Auxiliary Frisancho, Rebeca, Agronomist, Field/Greenhouse Supervisor Gaspar, Demetrio, Field Laborer Gaspar, Henry, Cooking Attendant Limaylla, Jenny, Administrative Assistant Maguiña, Sergio, Research Technician Marín, Fernando, Maintenance Technician Montes, Marco, Field Laborer Piana, Vanna, Administrative Assistant Porras, Jorge, Warehouse Assistant Romero, Emeterio, Field/Greenhouse Auxiliary Suárez, Julio, Field Laborer Vega, Ricardo, Field/Greenhouse Auxiliary Velasco, Diogardo, Field/Greenhouse Auxiliary

4. Regional Offices
Latin America & the Caribbean (LAC)
Regional Office, Quito, Ecuador
Devaux, Andre, Regional Leader LAC Alcocer, Julio, Field Laborer Ayala, Sofía, Project Assistant Burbano, Rosa, Accountant Calle, Tania, Research Assistant (Páramo Andino) De Bièvre, Bert, Liaison Officer Espinoza, Jorge, Agronomist, Research Assistant Jiménez, José, Network Management and Systems Maintenance Lema, Martha, Field Laborer Lutuala, Gabriel, Field Laborer Morales, Washington, Field Administrator Oña, Marlene, Administrative Assistant Pallo, Edwin, Agronomist, Research Assistant Patiño, Segundo, Field Laborer Potosí, Byron, Research Assistant Rodríguez, Tatiana, Information Officer (Páramo Andino) Reinoso, Lidia, Field and Greenhouse Laborer Ruggiero, Susana, Training Advisor (Páramo Andino) Taipe, Jaime, Research Assistant Vinuesa, Marcelo, Research Technician

Field Research Support - San Ramón
Duarte, Roberto, Agronomist, Field/Greenhouse Supervisor Castillón, Maromeo, Field Laborer Espinoza, Angel, Research Technician Llacta, Eusebio, Field Laborer Quispe, Héctor, Research Technician

Research Informatics Unit
Simon, Reinhard, Head Córdova, Raúl, Systems Assistant De Mendiburu, Felipe, Statistician, Research Assistant Flores, Mirella, Systems Technician Gonzales, Juan Carlos, Systems Assistant Hirahoka, Daniel, Systems Auxiliary Juárez, Henry, Agronomist, Intermediate Researcher Riis-Jacobsen, Jens, Data Management Specialist (Nairobi) Rojas, Edwin, Systems Analyst

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)
Regional Office - Nairobi, Kenya
Stockdale, Dorvin, Regional Leader Ghislain, Marc, Regional Leader SSA (i) Agili, Sammy, Breeder, Research Assistant Borus, Dinah, Research Assistant Claessens, Lieven, Soil Scientist (Kenya) Gati, Jean Maurine, Scientific Assistant Gatimu, Rosemary, Technician Irukan, Quinata, Plant Laboratory Technician, Kaguongo, Wachira, Agricultural Economist,Research Assistant Kioko, Christopher Musau, Administrative Assistant Labarta, Ricardo, Regional Economist (CIP-Nairobi) Maina, George, Driver Mambiri, Gilbert, Driver/Office Assistant McEwan, Margaret, Research Leader OFSP Technology Transfer Dissemination Mwathi, Margaret, Plant Molecular Biologist Mogere, Kefa, Regional Accountant Ndoho, Emily, Accountant Mulwa, Chalmers, Research Assistant Mwamba, Rael, Accountant Ochieng, Bruce, Research Assistant Odeny, Elijah, Driver Ouedraogo, Herman, Nutritionist (Nairobi) Riis-Jacobsen Jens, Data Management Specialist (Nairobi) Schulte-Geldermann Elmar, ICP Specialist Sindi, Kirimi, Impact Specialist Reuben, Anangwe, Cleaner Shimaka, Wycliffe, Driver Wambugu, Stella, Reseach Assistant Wanjohi, Luka, Research Assistant

3. Partnership Program
Papa Andina
Devaux, André, Agronomist, Program Coordinator Andrade, Jorge, Coordinator of Papa Andina in Ecuador and InnovAndes Project Egúsquiza, Rolando, Consultant Espinoza, Santiago, Technical Assistant, InnovAndes Project (Ecuador) Flores, Paola, Technical Assistant of Papa Andina (Bolivia) Kromann, Peter, Consultant (Ecuador) López, Gastón, Consultant, Regional Manrique, Kurt, Agronomist, Intermediate Researcher Ordinola, Miguel, Consultant Pallo, Edwin, Technical Assistant, McKnight project (Ecuador) Ramirez, Melissa, Secretary Rojas, Abel, Coordinator of IssAndes Project (Bolivia) Vela, Ana María, Administrative Assistant Velasco, Claudio, Coordinator of Papa Andina in Bolivia

62 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

Wamalwa, Lydia, Research Assistant Zani, Naomi, Administrative Assistant

Liaison Office, Benin
Hell, Kerstin, Marketing and Post Harvest Specialist Dahoundo, Leandre, Technician/Driver

Liaison Office, Ghana
Carey, Ted, Sweetpotato Breeder Alhassan, Yusif, Research Assistant Halidu, Osman, Administrative Assistant Obeng, Bio, Researcher Officer Osman, Halidu, Administrative Assistant Tweneboah, Shadrack, Cleaner/Assistant Zakariah, Muhammad-Awal, Finance/Admin Officer

Liaison Office, Kampala, Uganda
Lemaga, Berga, Potato Agronomist, Liaison Scientist Agaba, Joseph, Security Guard Ameru, Martha, Secretary Atong, Moses, Office Messenger Kakuhenzire, Rogers, Regional Potato Research Fellow Mayanja, Sarah, Research Assistant Migisa, Isaac, Driver Mwanga Robert, Sweetpotato Breeder Najjingo, Janefrances, Accountant Assistant Ogwal, Martin, IT Specialist Okobdi, Moses, Technical Sweetpotato Breeder Okonya, Joshua Sikhu, Entomology Ssekyewa, Henry, Technical Sweetpotato Breeder Ssenyonjo Andrew, Laboratory Technician Tumwegamire, Silver, Breeder, Senior Assistant Breeder SSA Tumwirize, Ronald, Driver, Purchasing Assistant Wakulira, N. Rachel, Accountant Namanda, Sam, Agronomist, Research Assistant, Tanzania

Banze, Esmeralda, Field Worker Chichualo, Alda, Field Worker Chiconela, Luisa, Greenhouse Worker Chivambo, Benildo, Field Auxiliary Daia, Odete, Accountant Devuvane, Jose, Driver Duzenta, Jorge, Field Worker Elias, Rachid Abdul, Field Technician Fanheiro, Joaqui, Field Worker Guambe, Abrahamo Alberto (Gardener) Jeque, Joao, Agroprocessing Technician Jorge, Fernandes J., Technician Mabui, Arlindo Lucas, Field Technical Assistant Machel, Julieta, Field Worker Mauariha, José Albino, Driver, Gaza Mazive, Arnaldo, Field Worker Mbambi, Estevao Mango, Monitoring and Evaluation Mubetei, Silva, Field Worker Munguambe, Shelzia, Greenhouse Worker Munhaua, Bernardino, Field Technician Naico, Albino, Agricultural Economist, Research Assistant Ndimande, Fabiao, Field Worker Nhanteme, Claudia, Field Worker Nhanteme, Gloria, Field Worker Peixe, Jacinta, Field Worker Ricardo, José, Breeder, Research Assistant Ruco, Amelia Ozias, Accountant and Administrator Sitoe, Mario Francisco, Field Worker Sondo, Luisa, Field Worker Sozinho, Alberto, Field Worker Tembe, Rosa, Field Worker Viegas, Adilia, Virologist

Liaison Office, Huambo, Angola
Kowalski, Britta, Potato Agronomist, Project Leader Alberto Diambo, Driver Andrade, Caetano, Driver Andrade, Paulo, Accountant and Administrative Assistant Kupatia, Florencia, Principal Accountant Mango, Estevao, Monitoring & Evaluation Official Tchipilica, Pedro, Driver

Liaison Office, Lilongwe, Malawi
Demo, Paul, Potato Specialist, Liaison Scientist Chadzala, Tiwonge, Laboratory Technician Chidobvu, John, Field Technical Assistant Chifundo, Banda, Technical Assistant Chimwala, Lucius, Research Assistant Chinoko, Gift, Labboratory/Field Technician Chipembere, Elias, Mechanic/Driver Kazembe, John, Field Technical Officer Kumukumu, Ephrain, Driver/Field/Office Assistant Mvula Bakolo Thokpzani, Field Technician Mvula, George, Accounts Assistant Ndovi, John, Driver/Field/Office Assistant Njiwa, Godknows, Accountant/Administrative Assistant Phiri, Pearson, Field Technical Assistant Sopo, Owen, Marketing Officer,

Liaison Office, Ethiopia
Schulz, Steffen, Liaison Scientist, Ethiopia Abiyot Aragaw, Senior Research Assistant Abdulwahab, Aliyi, Research Assistant Andarsa, Daniel, Driver Abera, Bereket Negash, Driver Asfaw, Frezer, Data Proccessing Assistant Berhanu, Tewodros, Driver Gebre, Azeb Haileselassie, Junior accountant Gebrekidan, Abraha, Driver Gebreselassie, Solomon, Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist Hailemariam, Gebrehiwot, Project Coordinator Kalkidan, Damte, Administrative Assistant Kassa, Nebiat, Program Assistant Melese, Biruk Girma, Junior Accountant Tesfay, Haile, Project Coordinator Tsigie, Mahlete, Office and Finance Manager

Liaison Office, Mozambique
Andrade, María, Sweetpotato Breeder and Seed Systems Specialist Alvaro, Abilio dos Santos, Agronomist, Research Assistant Armando, Lourenco, Driver Artur, Tanquene, Field Worker

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 63

South, West and Central Asia (SWCA)
Regional Office - New Delhi, India
Campilan, Dindo, Sociologist, Regional Leader Anjan, Barik, Office Driver Arya, Sushma, Associate Administrative Officer Bharti, Ashok, Administrative Officer Jagram, Office Assistant Kadian, Mohinder Singh, Potato Agronomist Kumar, Raj Barun, Administrative Assistant Kumar, Vinod, Office Driver Shahid, Ali, Research Assistant Sharma, Neeraj, Research Assistant Surjit, Vikraman, Economist

Rosmiati, Een, Janitor Satiman, Partono, Driver Soplanit, Albert, Research Associate Sukendra, Mahalaya, Associate Scientist Syahputra, Aris Triono, Research Assistant Tikai, Pita, National Coordinator (Solomon Island) Tjintokohadi, Koko, Assistant Scientist

Liaison Office, Los Baños, Philippines
Aquino, Mylene, Sr. Administrative Officer Barlis, Angelica, Sr. Administrative Associate Bertuso, Arma, Research Fellow De Chavez, Hidelisa, Research Assistant Nadal, Marietta, Sr. Office Manager Sister, Lorna, Associate Scientist

Liaison Office, Orissa, India
Attaluri, Sreekanth, Sweetpotato Agronomist and Research Coordinator

Project Office, Vietnam
Nguyen, Thi-Tinh, Animal Scientist, Liaison Scientist Nguyen, Thia Hoa, Cleaner Huy Chien Dao, Project Coordinator van Huyen Le, Research Assistant

Liaison Office, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Carli, Carlo, Potato Seed Production Specialist) Scientist Liaison Officer Gadjieva, Narmina, Secretary/Translator Ibragimov, Zokhid, Research Assistant, Agr. Economics and Marketing Khalikov, Durbek, Agronomist Assistant Khegay, Eduard, Office Driver Kim, Galina, Secretary Kuchkarova, Minavar, Office Attendant Muzaffar, Aliev, Administrative Officer Yugay, Tamara, Accountant Yuldashev, Firuz, Research Assistant, Potato Breeding

Project Office, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohidul, Hasan, Research Assistant

Project Office, Kathmandu, Nepal
Sporleder, Marc, Entomologist, ICM Specialist

East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific (ESEAP)
CIP-China Center for Asia and the Pacific CCCAP
Lu, Xiaoping, Deputy Director General of CCCAP Hawke, Frank, Deputy Director of CCCAP

Regional Office, Beijing, China
Hawke, Frank, Regional Operations Leader, ESEAP Chen, Guangmin, Field Laborer Forbes, Greg, Pathologist Gu, Jianmiao, Administrative Officer Li, Wenjuan, Research Associate Shi-an, Liu, Driver Xie, Kaiyun, Liaison Scientist

Liasion Office - Lembang, Indonesia
Ezeta, Fernando, Agronomist Prasetya, Budhi, Research Assistant Isman, Research Aide Kossay, Luther, Research Assistant Nawawi, Kusye, Sr. Office Administrator Muid, Nakeus, Field Assistant

64 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

www.cgiar.org cgiar.o
CGIAR CENTERS
CIP is a member of CGIAR. CGIAR is a global agriculture research partnership for a food secure future. Its science is carried out by the 15 research centers who are members of the CGIAR Consortium in collaboration with hundreds of partner organizations. www.cgiar.org
for a food secure future

CIMMYT Mexico

CONSORTIUM OFFICE France

ICARDA Syria

ICRISAT India

BIOVERSITY INTERNATIONAL Italy IFPRI USA AFRICA RICE Benin

CIAT Colombia IWMI Sri Lanka WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE Kenya ILRI Kenya WORLDFISH Malaysia CIFOR Indonesia IRRI Philippines

IITA Nigeria CIP Peru

Africa Rice Bioversity International CIAT Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical CIFOR Center for International Forestry Research CIMMYT Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo CIP Centro Internacional de la Papa ICARDA International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas

ICRISAT IFPRI IITA ILRI IRRI IWMI

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics lnternational Food Policy Research Institute International Institute of Tropical Agriculture lnternational Livestock Research Institute lnternational Rice Research Institute lnternational Water Management Institute World Agroforestry Centre WorldFish

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 65

CGIAR CENTERS
CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food secure future. Its science is carried out by the 15 research centers of the CGIAR Consortium in collaboration with hundreds of partner organizations.
for a food secure future

CIP is a member center of the CGIAR Consortium

CIMMYT Mexico

CONSORTIUM OFFICE France

ICARDA Syria

ICRISAT India

BIOVERSITY INTERNATIONAL Italy IFPRI USA AFRICA RICE Benin

CIAT Colombia IWMI Sri Lanka WORLD AGROFORESTRY CENTRE Kenya ILRI Kenya WORLDFISH Malaysia CIFOR Indonesia IRRI Philippines

IITA Nigeria CIP Peru

Africa Rice Bioversity International CIAT Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical CIFOR Center for International Forestry Research CIMMYT Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo CIP Centro Internacional de la Papa ICARDA International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas

ICRISAT IFPRI IITA ILRI IRRI IWMI

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics lnternational Food Policy Research Institute International Institute of Tropical Agriculture lnternational Livestock Research Institute lnternational Rice Research Institute lnternational Water Management Institute World Agroforestry Centre WorldFish

66 International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011

Credits

International Potato Center CIP. 2012. CIP 40th anniversary: celebrating the impacts International Potato Center Annual Report 2011 © 2012, International Potato Center ISSN 0256-6311 DOI: 10.4160/0256-6311/2011 Hecho el Depósito Legal en la Biblioteca Nacional del Perú No 2005-9640 Readers are encouraged to quote or reproduce material from this report. As copyright holder CIP requests acknowledgement and a copy of the publication where the citation or material appears. Please send this to the Communications and Public Awareness Department at the address below. International Potato Center Apartado 1558, Lima 12, Perú cip@cgiar.org www.cipotato.org Press run: 500 April 2012 Writing Valerie Gwinner Production coordinator Cecilia Lafosse Design and layout Nini Fernández-Concha

TAREA ASOCIACION GRAFICA EDUCATIVA • PASAJE MARÍA AUXILIADORA 156164 BREÑA, LIMA-PERU

International Potato Center • Annual Report 2011 67

BackCover

International Potato Center Av. La Molina 1895 La Molina Apartado 1558 Lima 12, Perú 558

www.cipotato.org

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