Novartis International AG


Public AG

Traded as





1996 (from merger)


Basel, Switzerland

Key people

Daniel Vasella (Chairman), Joseph Jimenez (CEO)

Pharmaceuticals, generic drugs, over-the-counter drugs, Products vaccines, diagnostics, contact lenses, animal health (list...)


US $58.566 billion (2011)[1]

Operating income

US $10.998 billion (2011)[1]

Net income

US $9.245 billion (2011)[1]

Total assets

US $117.496 billion (2011)[1]

Total equity

US $65.940 billion (2011)[1]


119,418 (FTE, end 2010)[1]

The company formerly owned the Gerber Products Company. and a reduction of "thousands" and several site closures in previous years. Rasilez. letrozole (Femara). both Swiss companies with long histories. it owns Sandoz.[3][4][5][6] Novartis is a full member of the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations (EFPIA) and of the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations (IFPMA) HISTORY  Novartis AG headquarters in Basel Novartis was created in 1996 from the merger of Ciba-Geigy and Sandoz Laboratories. but sold it to Nestlé on 1 September 2007.The 2012 personnel reductions follow ~2000 cut positions in Switzerland and the United States in 2011. Novartis manufactures such drugs as clozapine (Clozaril). the Company cut ~2000 positions in the United States. diclofenac (Voltaren). . Switzerland. a major infant and baby products producer. and the realization that the anticipated successor to Diovan. a large manufacturer of generic drugs. terbinafine (Lamisil). ~1400 cut positions in the United states in 2010. Additional agents include cyclosporin (Neoral / Sandimmun). In 2012. and others. the company's effective history spans 250 years. ranking number two in sales (46. carbamazepine (Tegretol). methylphenidate (Ritalin). in response to anticipated revenue downturns from the hypertension drug Diovan. imatinib mesylate and (Gleevec / Glivec).Novartis International AG is a multinational pharmaceutical company based in Basel. Combining the histories of the merger partners.806 billion US$) among the world-wide industry in 2010. was failing in clinical trials. Geigy Ltd (founded in Basel in 1758) and CIBA (founded in Basel in 1859). most in sales. Renamed to Novartis following an acquisition by Ciba-Geigy. Ciba-Geigy was formed in 1970 by the merger of J. valsartan (Diovan). which was losing patent protection. R.

the partnership became the corporation Chemische Fabrik vormals Sandoz in 1895.Collaborative research In addition to internal research and development activities Novartis is also involved in publicly funded collaborative research projects. saccharin. New Jersey. Ciba-Geigy In 1859. In 1899. was adopted as the company's name in 1945.[clarification needed] an activity which Ciba took up in 1928. R. who is the founder of Sandoz's pharmaceutical department in 1917. Other Ciba-Geigy businesses were spun off as independent companies. with other industrial and academic partners. CIBA and Geigy merged in 1971 to form Ciba-Geigy Ltd. ( /ˌsiːbə ˈɡaɪɡi/). The first dyes manufactured by them were alizarinblue and auramine. the Geigy staff relocated to join the CIBA staff at its American headquarters for research in Summit. dyes and drugs of all kinds"[17] in Basel. One example in the area of non-clinical safety assessment is the InnoMed PredTox.The company's research operations have their global headquarters in Cambridge. CIBA. the company began producing the sugar substitute. In 1864. Alexander Clavel (1805–1873) took up the production of fuchsine in his factory for silk-dyeing works in Basel.The company is expanding its activities in joint research projects within the framework of the Innovative Medicines Initiative of EFPIA and the European Commission. began producing textile auxiliaries. In 1901. Johann Rudolf Geigy-Merian (1830– 1917) and Johann Muller-Pack acquired a site in Basel in 1857. with the pharmaceutical divisions of both staying together to form Novartis. Two years later. In 1996 Ciba-Geigy merged with Sandoz. Sandoz : The Chemiefirma Kern und Sandoz ("Kern and Sandoz Chemistry Firm") was founded in 1886 by Alfred Kern (1850–1893) and Edouard Sandoz (1853–1928). a new site for the production of synthetic dyes was constructed. Geigy Ltd. Geigy chemist Paul Hermann Müller discovered that DDT was effective against malaria-bearing insects. the substance is eventually used to treat migraine and headeaches and is introduced under the trade name Gynergen in 1921. Further pharmaceutical research began in 1917 under Arthur Stoll (1887–1971). He received the 1948 Nobel Prize in Medicine for this work. R. and in 1873. Arthur Stoll isolates ergotamine from ergot. Johann Rudolf Geigy-Gemuseus (1733–1793) began trading in 1758 in "materials. In 1925. Geigy Ltd in 1914. In the United States. chemicals. The company began producing the fever-reducing drug antipyrin in the same year. . they began the production of synthetic fuchsine. In 1884. Bindschedler and Busch was transformed into a joint-stock company with the name "Gesellschaft für Chemische Industrie Basel" (Company for Chemical Industry Basel). In 1939. they formed the public limited company Geigy and the name of the company was changed to J.[18] In 1918. After Kern's death. where they built a dyewood mill and a dye extraction plant. J. Massachusetts. The acronym. Switzerland. Clavel sold his dye factory to the new company Bindschedler and Busch.

Sandoz acquired the companies Delmark. paper. beginning in 1929. On 1 November 1986. The drug became a cultural novelty of the 1960s after psychologist Timothy Leary at Harvard University began to promulgate its use for recreational and spiritual experiences among the general public. and leather. which led to Sandoz chemical spill and a large amount of pesticide being released into the upper Rhine river. Clariant merged with the specialty chemicals business that was spun off from Hoechst AG in Germany. Sandoz also produced chemicals for textiles. New York: one of the Novartis pharmaceutical production facilities in the United States . and Gerber Products Company (a baby food company). The psychedelic effects of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) were discovered at the Sandoz laboratories in 1943 by Arthur Stoll and Albert Hofmann (patent by Stoll and Hofmann in USA on Mar. under the name Delysid as a psychiatric drug. as neuroscientists gained a better understanding of psychoses. 23. including schizophrenia. Sandoz suggested in its marketing literature that psychiatrists take LSD themselves. the company began producing agricultural chemicals. Research on LSD peaked in the 1950s and early 1960s. Sandoz merged with Wander AG (known for Ovomaltine and Isostar).Between the World Wars. and Eon Labs. In 1995. After the merger Suffern. Sandoz began clinical trials and marketed the substance. the psychedelic drugs also were called "psychotomimetic" because they were thought to mimic psychosis. from 1947 through the mid 1960s. a fast-growing United States generic pharmaceutical company. one of Germany's leading generic drug companies. In 2005. and many did exactly that and so did other scientific researchers. This exposure killed many fish and other aquatic life. Wasabröd (a Swedish manufacturer of crisp bread). Later research caused this term to be abandoned. thought useful for treating a wide variety of mental ailments. In 1939. In 1967. Sandoz expanded significantly though the acquisition of Hexal. a fire broke out in a production plant storage room. Sandoz opened its first foreign offices in 1964. Sandoz spun off its specialty chemicals business to form Clariant. Gynergen (1921) and Calcium-Sandoz (1929) were brought to market. in 1997. ranging from alcoholism to sexual deviancy. Subsequently. 1948). "Sandoz" continues to be used as a Novartis generic drug brand (see below for details). For several years. Sandoz withdrew the drug from the market in the gain a better subjective understanding of the schizophrenic experience.

S. or lead to the commercialization of genetically modified plants.Novartis headquarters in Basel .. On 4 January 2010.On 12 October 2009. Syngenta. including a majority stake held by Nestlé. On 20 April 2006. Chiron formerly was divided into three units: Chiron Vaccines. The agreement expired in 2003.3 billion to fully acquire Alcon. The ongoing Basel Campus Project has the aim to transform the St. the company made headlines with its biotechnology licensing agreement with the University of California at Berkeley Department of Plant and Microbial Biology. Ltd. In 2003. Critics of the agreement expressed concern over prospects that the agreement would diminish academic objectivity. and its licensee Par Pharmaceutical Inc. an immunosuppressant. Novartis had bought 25% of Alcon in 2008. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the acute treatment of adults with schizophrenia. over a generic version of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder drug Focalin XR (dexmethylphenidate hydrochloride) . Novartis has entered into an agreement for exclusive US and Canadian rights to Fanapt(iloperidone). Chiron Vaccines and Chiron Blood Testing now are combined to form Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics. a new antiviral drug for hepatitis B.[ On 11 March 2010. Novartis acquired the California-based Chiron Corporation."from an industrial complex to a place of innovation. Novartis introduced Certican (Everolimus). Novartis created a subsidiary that bundles its generic drug production. and encounter". as part of a strategic initiative to build a vaccines industry leader in this country and expand the Group's limited presence in this fast-growing market segment. Novartis settled their patent suit in the US District Court for the District of New Jersey with IntelliPharmaCeutics International. a Canada-based specialty pharmaceutical company. in November 2000. the world's largest eye-care company. Novartis combined its agricultural division with that of AstraZeneca to create. a new oral medication that is approved by the U.After the merger. Johann site . Novartis offered to pay US $39. Novartis reached an agreement to acquire an 85% stake in the Chinese vaccines company Zhejiang Tianyuan Bio-Pharmaceutical Co. and in October 2006 began marketing Telbivudine. knowledge. This proposed acquisition will require government and regulatory approvals in China. Novartis reorganized its operating units and spun out its chemical activities as Ciba Specialty Chemicals (now a part of BASF). Chiron Blood Testing.. to be integrated into Novartis Pharmaceuticals. and Chiron BioPharmaceuticals. In 1998. Ltd. On 6 November 2009. reusing the predecessor brand name of Sandoz In 2005.

knowledge. Products: Pharmaceuticals Source for all "(2007)" sales figures: Name Afinitor Comtan Diovan Exjade Femara Focalin Galvus Gleevec Lescol Lotrel Lucentis Indication(s) or drug type/class Organ transplants and cancers Parkinson's disease Hypertension Iron chelator Breast cancer AD/HD Anti-diabetic medication Chronic myelogenous leukemia hypercholesterolemia Hypertension Age-related macular degeneration Sales Sales US$millions year Notes 420 5000 357 937 2007 2007 2007 2007 3100 665 748 393 2007 2007 2007 US$2 billion annualized sales as of 2012[28] AD/HD Ritalin Alzheimer's disease Exelon Sandimmune and Organ transplantation Neoral Acromegaly Sandostatin 375 632 944 1000 2007 2007 2007 2007 .The pharmaceutical giant decided to transform the existing Sandoz office buildings and chemical factories of its headquarters in 2001. and encounter".Basel headquarters campus redesign Human resources building of the new Basel campus of Novartis—designed by Frank Gehry An ongoing Basel Campus Project has the aim to transform the Saint Johann site—Novartis headquarters in Basel—"from an industrial complex to a place of innovation.

.000. first line treatment of CML[29] NICE formulary approval. compounds. to be located in Holly Springs. January 2012[29] 2007 Epilepsy 413 Tegretol Termalgin .) Cystic fibrosis 273 Tobramycin Epilepsy 692 Trileptal anti-inflammatory 747 Voltaren Cancer complications 1300 Zometa antidepressant Tofranil 2007 2007 2007 2007 Consumer health (OTC)                          Benefiber Buckley's cold and cough formula Bufferin Comtrex cold and cough Denavir/Vectavir Desenex Doan's pain relief Ex-Lax Excedrin Fenistil Gas-X Habitrol Keri skin care Lamisil foot care Lipactin herpes symptomatic treatment Maalox Nicotinell No-doz Otrivine Prevacid 24HR Tavist Theraflu Triaminic Vagistat Voltaren In January 2009. The stated goal of this program is the capability of producing 150. plant to produce cell-based influenza vaccine.Tasigna Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).Treatment of fever and light (Paracetamol and pain. North Carolina.S.000 doses of pandemic vaccine within six months of declaring a flu pandemic. the United States Department of Health and Human Services awarded Novartis a $486 million contract for construction of the first U.

Novartis had challenged a law that allows India to refuse to recognize a patent for an existing medicine if there is a modified formula resulting in a re-patent of the drug. Praziquantel). Novartis launched a court case against India seeking to prohibit the country from developing generic drugs based on patented medicines. oral worm treatment Program (Lufenuron). the Madras High Court ruled . Oxfam along with FairPensions asked institutional investors to use their shareholder rights to put pressure on Novartis to drop its appeal. tick control for cattle CLiK (Dicyclanil).] Oxfam claimed that "If Novartis wins millions of people living in poverty world wide could be deprived of affordable medicines". On August 5. Ivermectin). oral tablet for flea control Milbemax (Milbemycin oxime. and respiratory diseases. oral flea control product Deramaxx (Deracoxib). Controversies and criticism Challenge to India's patent laws In 2006. blowfly control for sheep Denagard (Tiamulin) Fasinex (Triclabendazole) ViraShield Bioprotection (insect and rodent control)       Actara (Thiamenthoxam) Atrazine (Atrazine) Larvadex (Cyromazine) Neporex (Cyromazine) Oxyfly (Lambda-cyhalothrin)) Virusnip (Potassium monopersulfate) Research and development The major bases for R&D are Basel (Switzerland). Major therapeutic areas are autoimmunity/transplantation/inflammatory disease. musculoskeletal disease. cardiovascular disease. neuroscience. Lufenuron). Operations in China are set for rapid expansion within the next five years. gastrointestinal disease. oral worm control product Sentinel Flavor Tabs (Milbemycin oxime. oncology. diabetes. oral tablet for flea control Livestock      Acatalk Duostar (Fluazuron. oral treatment for pain and inflammation from osteoarthritis in dogs Capstar (Nitenpyram). infectious diseases. Shanghai (China). Hyderabad (India). and Cambridge (USA).Animal health Pet Care       Interceptor (Milbemycin oxime). 2007. ophthalmology.

In the months leading up to the hearing. would not offer vaccines for free. Daniel Vasella. Novartis declined to provide free vaccines to the poor in order to counter a current flu epidemic. "Novartis' legal challenge . Novartis decided to appeal the ruling and sought the intervention of the Supreme Court of India in the matter Advertising practices In September 2008. the U. an ADHD drug.against Novartis saying that. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) sent a notice to Novartis Pharmaceuticals regarding its advertising of Focalin XR. told the Financial Times that he would consider offering discounted pricing to low-income nations. HIV and AIDS. Novartis chief executive. . diabetes and other diseases who are too poor to pay for them. However.was a threat to people suffering from cancer. more than half a million people wrote to the CEO of Novartis expressing their opposition to the suit." The high court also claimed to have no jurisdiction on whether Indian Patent law complied with WTO patent guidelines.S. saying developing nations or donor nations should cover the costs. in which the company overstated its efficacy while marketing to the public and medical professionals "No" to free flu vaccines In June 2009.mounted to limit competition to its own patented medicines . but unlike GlaxoSmithKline.