“The War of the

Worldviews”

What is a “World View”?
A. It’s a way of viewing the world. B. It’s the mental glasses through which one views reality. C. It’s the lense you look through to understand the world. D. It’s the intellectual framework we use to make sense of everything.

The 7 Major World Views:
1.Theism

2. Deism 3. Finite Godism 4. Atheism 5. Pantheism 6. Panentheism 7. Polytheism

Theism: God created All

1. Theism: GOD created All
• Basic Beliefs: • God created the world (He is Transcendent). • God sustains the world (He is Immanent). • God does supernatural acts. (miracles) • Proponents: • Judaism • Islam • Christianity • Augustine • Anselm • Aquinas • C. S. Lewis

Deism: God is beyond the World, but not in It

2. Deism: God is beyond the world, not in it
Basic Beliefs: • God created the world (Transcendent). • God doesn’t sustain it (Not Immanent). • God does not do miracles. Proponents: • Francois-Marie Voltaire • John Toland • Thomas Jefferson • Thomas Paine

Finite Godism: God is beyond world but is limited in power and/or perfection

Basic Beliefs: • Finite God created the world (modern) • Finite God forms and eternal world (ancient) • God does not completely control the world • Evil shows God is limited in power and/or perfection • God does not do miracles Proponents: • Plato • John Stewart Mill • Rabbi Kushner

3. Finite Godism

Atheism: No God at All

4. Atheism: No God
Basic Beliefs: No God, infinite or finite, exists Evil exists and is evidence against God No miracles are possible “God” is an illusion or projection Proponents: Lucretius Friedrich Nietzsche Sigmund Freud Richard Dawkins

Pantheism: God is All

Panentheism: God is in All

Polytheism: There are many finite gods.

3 Major World Views
Theism
God created all Mind made matter God is Personal God is knowable Logic is grounded Morality grounded Evil has an answer Many minds exist Chris/Jud/Islam

Pantheism
God is all All is Mind God is impersonal God is unknowable Logic is illusory Morality is illusory Evil is an illusion One Mind exists Hinduism/New Age

Atheism
No God at all All is matter No God No God Logic ungrnd. Morality ungrnd. Evil doesn’t exist No minds exist Secular Humanism

Theism vs. Deism
Beyond world & in the world Beyond world & not in the world

Problem: God did the big miracle (creation) but not smaller ones (like resurrection)

Theism vs. Finite Godism
Infinite GOD
Problems:
1. Contrary to principle of causality: “Every finite being needs a cause.” So, God would need a Cause (in which case He would not be God but a creature).

Finite god

Theism vs. Finite Godism
Infinite GOD Problems:
1. Contrary to principle of causality: “Every finite being needs a cause.” greater than God (an infinite Being)

Finite god

3. No guarantee of victory over evil! (in which case evil is more ultimate than good)

Theism vs. Atheism
God exists No God exists
Problems:
1. There is no evidence for atheism. (“Evil” presupposes God)

Theism vs. Atheism
God exists No God exists

Problems:
1. There is no evidence for atheism. (Evil presupposes God)

2. There is strong evidence against it (cosmological, teleological, and moral arguments).

Theism vs. Pantheism
God made all I am not God Evil is real Physical is real Morality exists Logic is grounded God is all I am God Evil isn’t real Physical is illusory Morality is illusory Logic ungrounded

Problems with Pantheism:
1. 1. It denies sense experience, yet uses it to find and share truth.

Problems with Pantheism:
1. 1. It denies sense experience, yet uses it to find and share truth.

2. 2. It claims we can change from illusion to enlightenment; a. We can change. b. We are God. c. Yet God cannot change.

Problems with Pantheism:
3. It recognizes the existence of opposing views are equally true, 3. yet claims they are an illusion.

Theism vs. Polytheism
One Infinite God Many finite gods Problems:
1. Every finite needs and infinite Cause (Polytheistic gods need a Creator). 2. A uni-verse needs a uni-Cause (the Anthropic Principle).

Theism vs. Panentheism
Monopolar No parts Infinite Independent Absolutely perfect Unchanging Bipolar Parts Finite Dependent Not perfect Changing

The Problems with Panentheism
1. God is self-caused which is impossible. 2. God and world are mutually dependent which is impossible. 3. God is changing which is not possible without an unchanging basis for change (which would be more ultimate than God). 4. God is not perfect (which demands a Perfect by which He is measured).

The Problems with Panentheism
5. Their concept of change is incoherent, for-a. There is no continuity in the change. b. It is change w/o anything that changes. c. It is annihilation/recreation without a Creator to do the recreation. 6. If God is temporal, then— a. He must have a beginning; b. He must be material; c. He must be running down (II Law). d. He can’t think faster than light. (the panentheistic God is a finite creature in need of a Infinite Creator)

Isaiah 44:6-22

“I will exalt you, my God and King, and praise your Name forever and ever. I will praise You every day; yes, I will praise You forever. Great is the LORD! He is most worthy of praise! No one can measure His Greatness.” - Psalm 145:1-3 (NLT)