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EVs( electric vehicles) and its mpact on the power system Mateo Alejandro Cortés Universidad Nacional de
EVs( electric vehicles)
and its mpact on the
power system
Mateo Alejandro Cortés
Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Outline

The Electric Vehicle (EV) Impact on Possible power system solutions Summary
The Electric
Vehicle (EV)
Impact on
Possible
power system
solutions
Summary
Outline The Electric Vehicle (EV) Impact on Possible power system solutions Summary
EVs (Electric Vehicles) Rationale Efficiency Types of EVs Batteries
EVs (Electric Vehicles) Rationale Efficiency Types of EVs Batteries

EVs (Electric Vehicles)

Rationale Efficiency Types of EVs Batteries

Rationale: Why Evs?

Rationale: Why Evs? Green wave Eco-friendly and efficient technology

Green wave Eco-friendly and efficient technology

Rationale: Why Evs?

Source: Tesla Motors. (http://www.teslamotors.com/goelectric/efficiency)

EVs classification

EV types:

http://www.hydroquebec.com/

Energy and power of different battery types

Source: Technology Roadmap, Electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. International Energy Agency

EVs penetration forecast

Source: International Energy Agency (IEA)

Impact on Power System (distribution) Pilot projects Studies and simulations
Impact on Power System (distribution) Pilot projects Studies and simulations

Impact on Power System (distribution)

Pilot projects Studies and simulations

Source: Center of Electromechanics, University of Texas

Problems and negative impacts?

Increasing energy demand (possible need of more substations)
Increasing energy demand (possible
need of more substations)
THD – harmonic distortion- (shorter distribution transformers lifecycle)
THD – harmonic distortion- (shorter
distribution transformers lifecycle)
Distribution transformers overload
Distribution transformers overload

They depend on

Amount of electric vehicles in use
Amount of electric vehicles
in use

Charger’s design

Distribution transformer loading at different penetration levels of PEVs K.J. Yunus, M. Reza, H. Parra, K.

Distribution transformer loading at different penetration levels of PEVs

K.J. Yunus, M. Reza, H. Parra, K. Srivastava, “Impacts of Stochastic Residential Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging on Distribution Grid”, ISGT 2012, Washington, USA.

Solutions and workarorunds Improving design Control of charging cycles Smart Grids
Solutions and workarorunds Improving design Control of charging cycles Smart Grids

Solutions and workarorunds

Improving design Control of charging cycles Smart Grids

EV Chargers improvements

»Technology and manufacturing changes in chargers have made possible a reduction in THD, from 50 % to 6 % average THD when the charge begins and from 70% to 28% at the end of charging.

EV Chargers improvements » Technology and manufacturing changes in chargers have made possible a reduction in

Smart grids

Smart grids adoption should allow integration of

automated metering and variable energy prices and demand; achieving an

optimum EVs charging scheme.

Situational Awareness

Applied to power systems

and to the power grid operation, can help in obtaining more reliable and accurate forecasts

regarding future demand,

infrastructure and energy

capacity of the system.

Knowing what is

going on around

you !!

Summary EVs penetration in the near future Situational awareness of the grid
Summary EVs penetration in the near future Situational awareness of the grid

Summary

EVs penetration in the near future Situational awareness of the grid

Important ideas

EVs use is not that spread for having evident effects on the grid right now.

Important ideas • EVs use is not that spread for having evident effects on the grid

Several research done about it shows distribution transformers could become overloaded due to exceeding of their power- handling capacity.

Important ideas • EVs use is not that spread for having evident effects on the grid

Important ideas

Improved EVs chargers have lowered THD.

Smart grids may allow control of charging cycles, reducing peak demand.

EVs future widespread use should require additional

infrastructure

Important ideas • Improved EVs chargers have lowered THD . • Smart grids may allow control
Important ideas • Improved EVs chargers have lowered THD . • Smart grids may allow control
?
?
? Any Questions ?? Suggestions?

Any

Questions ??

Suggestions?

References

  • 1. Mario Alberto Ríos. Impact of Electric Vehicle in Distribution Systems. Smart Grids on electric Mobility (SGeM). Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 2012.

  • 2. Renato Céspedes. Electrical Energy Distribution and Smart Consumers. Smart Grids on electric Mobility (SGeM). Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 2012.

  • 3. Pecan Street Project. http://www.pecanstreet.org/

  • 4. Fabian M Uriarte, Robert Hebner. Simulation of Pecan Street’s Smart Grid: A forecast of the impact on Austin energy. Center for Electromechanics, University of Texas, 2012. http://www.utexas.edu/research/cem/

  • 5. J. Carlos Gómez, Medhat M. Morcos. Impact of EV Battery Chargers on the Power Quality of Distribution Systems. IEEE Transactions On Power Delivery, Vol. 18, No. 3, July 2003.

Thanks !
Thanks !