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Alfabetul i pronunia

(The alphabet and the pronunciation)

A a (a) () () B b (be) C c (ce) D d (de) E e (e) F f (fe) G g (ghe) H h (ha) I i (i) () J j (je) K k (ka) L l (le) M m (me) N n (ne)
Vocalele (vowels) :

O o (o) P p (pe) Q q (chiu) R r (re) S s (se) (e) T t (te) (e) U u (u) V v (ve) W w (dublu ve) X x (ics) Y y (i grec) Z z (zet)

A, a as in art can be found in all positions. Ex: ap (water), aer (air), cas (house), mas (table), a da (to give), Europa (Europe) etc. , has no equivalent in English but a similar sound can be found in the English word father it can be found at the beginning of a word in the case of demonstrative pronouns and a few other pronouns, fam. abbreviated formes: sta (this), tia (these). Ex: pmnt (earth), cma (shirt), mr (apple), brbat (man), ar (country), mam (mother).

, has no equivalent in English similar to but more closed, like a sound between i and u never appears in initial or final position. Ex: pine (bread), mine (tomorrow), cine (dog), cnd (when) , cntec (song), Romnia (Romania, romn (Romanian). E, e as in the word exist can be found in all positions. Ex: elev (pupil), etaj (floor ), est (est), perete (wall), verb (verb), vest (west), verde (green), mare (see), dulce (sweet), repede (fast). it is pronounced ie in the pronouns: eu (I),el (he), ei (they masc.), ea (she), ele (they fem.), and the formes of the verb to be: eti (you are), este (he is), e (he is), eram (I was), erai (you was sg.), era (he was), erai (you were - pl), erau (they were). e as semi-vowel before another vowel (usually a) Ex: team (fear), a bea (to drink), a vedea (to see). I, i longer than i in win but shorter than i in deep can be found in all positions and after the groups: cl, cr, dr, str, tr. Ex: inim (heart), inel (ring), inginer (ingnieur), bine (good), limb (language), zi (day), i (and), a privi (to watch), Italia (Italy). it is pronounced [j] as in yes, boy Ex: iarn (winter), iepure (rabbit), iubi (to love) etc after consonants i - becomes semivowel and it is very short Ex: unchi (uncle), albi (white), ani (years), pai (steps). , there is no equivalent in English it is the same sound as ,with the difference that " " comes from "A, a" and " , " from "I, i" this letter can be found only in initial or final position or in derived (with preffixes) or compound words. Ex: n (in), ntre (between), nger (angel), a nota (to swim), nalt (tall), a cobor (to descend), a hotr (to decide), a izvor (to spring), bineneles (of course), neneles () etc. O, o as in the word order can be found in all positions. Ex: om (man), opt (eight), ora (town), popor (people), maro (brown), Olga (proper noun). is is pronounces wa as in was if it is followed by the vowel a. Ex: om (man) oameni (men), oaie (sheep), coal (school), floare (flower) etc. U, u as u in the word rule can be found in all positions.

Ex: unde (where), u (door), ureche (ear), umbrel (umbrella), lung (long), bun (good), cuvnt (word), gum (eraser), metru (meter), litru (liter), Ungaria (Hungary) etc. before or after another vowel it can be pronounced w semivowel as in want Ex: ou (eggs), dou (two fem.) etc.

Remark: Only e, i, u can also be semivowels. Consoanele (consonants):


Q, q; W, w; Y, y their usage is very limited, there are very few words with these letters; they are usually borrowings from other languages and they are usually proper nouns; the pronunciation is usually the same with the country of origin. Q, q Quintet, Quatar. W, w watt [vat], weekend, Washington. Y, y yoga, yacht, New York. B, b as in the word butter can be found in all positions. Ex: brbt (man), bunic (grand-father), ban (money), banc (bench, bank), biseric (church), albastru (blue), autobuz (bus), alb (white), verb (verb), Bucureti ( Bucharest) etc. P, p as in the word park can be found in all positions. Ex: pat (bed), pace (peace), pasiune (passion), prieten (friend), ap (water), copil (child), spun (soap), cap (head), prosop (towel), Paul, Portugalia (Portugal) etc. T, t as in the word team, but dental, not alveolar can be found in all positions. Ex: tem (homework), tat (father), timp (time), tren (train), tabl (blackboard), toamn (autumn), noapte (night), munte (mountain), dinte (tooth), biat (boy), student (student), Turcia (Turkey) etc. D, d as in the word date, but dental, not alveolar can be found in all positions. Ex: duminic (Sunday), diminea (morning), domn (mister), doamn (madam), strad (street), grdin (garden), cldire (building), nord (north), pod (attic), comod (casual) , Dunrea (Danube) etc. F, f as in the word far or photos can be found in all positions.

Ex: fat (girl), femeie (woman), fereastr (window), floare (flewer), frumos (beautiful), cafea (coffee), fotografie (photo), farfurie (plate), pantof (shoes), cearaf (sheet), Frana (France) etc. V, v as in the word leave can be found in all positions. Ex: vest (west), vreme (weather), var (summer), vin (wine), viitor (future), vaz (vase), avion (plane), covor (carpet), cuvnt (word), morcov (carrot), Venezuela etc. S, s as in the word sport can be found in all positions. Ex: sor (sister), soare (sun), spital (hospital), cas (house), astzi (today), ceas (watch), nas (nose), Spania (Spain) etc. Z, z as in the word zero can be found in all positions. Ex: zahr (sugar), zid (wall), zi (day), zpad (snow), azi (today), pauz (pause), bluz (blouse), aragaz (stove), prnz (lunch), Zaharia (proper noun) etc. , as the group sh in the word sheep can be found in all positions. Ex: coal (school), osete (socks), i (and), aa (so), u (door), main (car), ora (town), co (basket), erban (proper noun) etc. J, j as the s from the word pleasure can be found in all positions. Ex: joi (Thursday), joc (game), jos (down), jurnal (journal), jucrie (toy), prjitur (cake), a ajuta (to help), bagaj (baggage), etaj (floor), Japonia (Japan) etc. H, h as in the word hall always pronounced. can be found in all positions. Ex: hain (clothes), hrtie (paper), pahar (glass), zahr (sugar), ah (chess), Horia (proper noun) etc. M, m as in the word mother can be found in all positions. Ex: mam (mother) ,mare (sea; big), medic (doctor), muzic (music), camer (room), septembrie (september), dormitor (bedroom), pom (tree), album (album), om (man), Mihai (Michael) etc. N, n as in the word nine can be found in all positions. Ex: nume (name), noapte (night), not (note), nu (no), nou (new), can (cup), lun (month; moon), scaun (chair), strin (foreigner), Nicolae (Nicholas) etc. L, l as in the word life can be found in all positions.
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Ex: lapte (milk), lume (world, people), lecie (lesson), limb (tongue; language), oglind (mirror), cald (warm), cal (horse), Laura (Laura) etc. R, r as in the word bread, but trilled can be found in all positions. Ex: radio (radio), rece (cold), tramvai (tram), sor (sister), art (art), covor (tapis), pahar (glass), numr (number), Romnia (Romania) etc. , as the group ts from the word cats can be found in all positions. Ex: ar (country), ran (peasant), igan (gypsy), mari (Tuesday), for (force), bra (arm), col (corner), ugui (proper noun) etc. K, k as in the word keen Ex: kaki (khaki), Kenia (Kenya), kilogram (kilogram), kilometru (kilometer). there arent any words ending in k generally speaking there arent many words containing this letter X, x as cs in the word taxi can be found in all positions. Ex: xerox (Xerox), taxi (taxi), text (text), excursie (trip) etc. as gz in the word exam there arent any groups starting or ending with the sound gz Ex: examen (exam), exemplu (example), a exersa (exercise). C, c as in the wor car can be found in all positions. Ex: copil (child), cntec (song), cret (chalk), acum (now), punct (point), octombrie (October), copac (tree), Carmen (proper noun) etc. c + e, c + i as in the group ch from church. can be found in all positions. Ex: centru (center), cinci (five), cercel (earring), circ (circus), cer (sky), ciree (cherries), acesta (this), medicin (medicine), zece (ten), aici (here), rece (cold), atunci (then), Cehia (Czech Republic), Ciprian (proper noun) etc. c + h + e; c + h + i these groups are similar in sound with k from the word kennel. se trouve dans toutes les positions. Ex: chenar (frame), chibrit (matches), cheie (key), chimie (chemistry), ochelari (glasses), nvechit (old), ureche (ear), ochi (eye), Chelaru (proper noun), China (China) etc. G, g as in the word groom can be found in all postions. Ex: gar (station), gol (empty, naked), gt (neck), august (August), drag (dear), larg (wide; large) , Grecia (Greece) etc. g + e; g + i as j in job
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can be found in all postions. Ex: german (German), geant (bag), gimnastic (gymnastics), ginere (son-in-low), deget (finger) , pagin (page), a nelege (to understand), fragi (strawberries), Germania (Germany), Gina (proper noun) g + h + e; g + h + i as g in get, give can be found in all postions. Ex: ghete (boots), ghid (guide), ghiozdan (bag), ngheat (ice cream), unghie (nail), unghi (angle), Gheorghe (proper noun), Ghi (proper noun,short from Gheorghe) etc.

Note: Usually the following types of double conosonants and letter combinations: ck, ll, ss, bb, pp, tt dont exist in Romanian but: cc, nn, ii (iii), ee, uu, oo do exist, the most common is ii (iii) .