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Red bell peppers are actually ripened green peppers

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Milk is better than water for beating the heat of a pepper. Capsaicin is insoluble in water and much better in fat

Botanically, peppers are a fruit because they grow on stems above ground and have seeds

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0 SHU Banana pepper, Pimento, Pepperoncini 100-500 Anaheim pepper 500-5,000 Poblano pepper 1,000-1,500 When you’re talking peppers, it’s hot enough to burn... Peppadew 1,177 Rocotillo pepper, Sriracha 1,500-2,500 Disovered in 1993, this pepper Guajillo chili (dried Mirosol chili) 2,500-5,000 resembles a Jalapeno pepper 2,500-10,000 cherry tomato in colour and size Peppers are measured by their spicy heat (or piquance) Chipotle (smoke-dried jalapeno) 3,000-10,000 using the Scoville scale. The number of Scoville heat Scoville heat units units (SHU) indicates how much capsaicin is present. Espelette pepper 4,000 Capsaicin is a chemical compound that stimulates means Usually dried, nerve endings in the skin, especially in the mucous New Mexico grown Anaheim pepper 4,500-5,000 ground or the extract must membranes (hence the runny nose and eyes). pulped into be diluted over Hungarian Wax pepper 5,000-10,000 into cakes and To determine a pepper’s SHU, capcaicin oil is extracted made into the and diluted with water. Tasters then sample the extract Aleppo pepper (typically a grounded spice) 10,000 powdered until they cannot detect spice the heat. Peter pepper (very rare) 10,000-23,000 times before the heat is gone Serrano pepper 10,000-25,000 Cayenne pepper, Tabasco pepper 30,000-50,000 Aji pepper 40,000-50,000 Chiltepin pepper, Byadgi chilli 50,000-100,000 In February 2012, African Bird's Eye Chili (Piri piri) 50,000-175,000 New Mexico State University’s Chili Rocoto pepper 50,000-250,000 Similar to HabanePepper Institute ros, but with a Malagueta pepper 60,000-100,000 crowned the Trinidad sweeter, fruitier Moruga Scorpion as flavour Pequin pepper 100,000-140,000 the hottest chili pepper in the world Bird's Eye Chili (Thai chili) 100,000-150,000 Datil pepper 100,000-300,000 Hard to come Habanero, Scotch Bonnet pepper, Madame Jeanette 100,000-350,000 by these peppers are about 150,000 Guyana Wiri Wiri an inch long 200,000 Jamaican hot pepper you know id 248,000 Red Savina Habanero Red Savina habanero peppers you know Peruvian White Habanero 300,000+ held the Guinness id World Record as 330,000-1,580,000 Naga Bhut Jolokia Hot peppers can hottest chili from burn your skin 1994-2006 1,257,000 Infinity chilli and eyes, causing excrutiating pain 1,382,000 Naga Viper if not handled properly 1,463,000 Trinidad Scorpion "Butch T" Up to 2,000,000 Trinidad Moruga Scorpion
Bell Pepper, Cubanelle, Aji dulce

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Can be green, red, yellow, orange, white, rainbow and purple, depending on the variety

Pepper ratings
Sweet Mild Low Low Low Medium Medium Medium Med-hot Med-hot Med-hot Med-hot Hot Hot Hot Hot Hot Very hot Very hot Very hot Very hot Very hot Very hot
Except. hot Except. hot Except. hot Except. hot Except. hot Except. hot

The Scoville scale

2,000

2,000

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Inferno Inferno Inferno Inferno Inferno

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Sources: Wikipedia; startcooking.com; whatsupwiththat.com; firefoods.co.uk; bhg.com; New Mexico State University

SUSAN BATSFORD, GRAPHICS EDITOR, TWITTER @SBATS1; INFOGRAPHIC BY MEGAN DINNER/QMI AGENCY

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