Affordable Renewable Energy – Technological Challenges

Study on Solar Power
Naga Prabhu N ( IE – 39)

C. the Greek scientist.gov/solar/pdfs/solar_timeline.pdf . Magnifying glass used to concentrate sun’s rays to make fire and to burn ants 2nd Century B.eere.C. Source:http://www1.energy.C. Greeks and Romans use burning mirrors to light torches for religious purposes 7th Century B. As early as 212 BC.Evolution 3rd Century B. Archimedes. used the reflective properties of bronze shields to focus sunlight and to set fire to wooden ships at distance of 50 m.

Evolution Continued.eere..gov/solar/pdfs/solar_timeline. This engine was later used in the dish/Stirling system. later used by Sir John Herschel to cook food during his South Africa expedition in the 1830s Source:http://www1. a solar thermal electric technology that concentrates the sun’s thermal energy in order to produce power 1767 Swiss scientist Horace de Saussure was credited with building the world’s first solar collector.pdf .2 1839 French scientist Edmond Becquerel discovers the photovoltaic effect 1816 Robert Stirling built heat engines in his home workshop.energy.

Evolution Continued.3 1946 Russell Ohl is generally recognized for patenting the modern solar cell in .gov/solar/pdfs/solar_timeline..pdf . "Light sensitive device".eere. 1876 1876 William Grylls Adams and Richard Evans Day discover that selenium produces electricity when exposed to light Source:http://www1. 1921 Albert Einstein wins the Nobel Prize for his theories (1904 research and technical paper) explaining the photoelectric effect.energy.

led the invention of flexible solar shingles.. a roofing material and state-of-theart technology for converting sunlight to electricity.gov/solar/pdfs/solar_timeline. a noted scientist for his pioneering work in amorphous silicon. 1998 Subhendu Guha.energy.Evolution Continued.no clean room *Graetzel cells (Marsan's solutions) 1994 The National Renewable Energy Laboratory develops a solar cell— made from gallium indium phosphide and gallium arsenide— that becomes the first one to exceed 30% conversion efficiency Source:http://www1.4 Post 2000 *Conductive polymers.pdf .eere. *Thin-film solar cells *Crystalline Silicon on Glass *Triple junction solar cell *Carbon nanotubes or quantum dots embedded in a special plastic.

Crystalline Silicon – Wafer based manufacturing.Present Trends Efficiency Ratio of the electric power output to the light power input. Amorphous Silicon – CVD – Low Efficiency Cost Poly-crystalline silicon wafers are made by wiresawing block-cast silicon ingots into very thin (250 to 350 micrometre) slices or wafers Antireflection coatings Develop cheaper methods of obtaining silicon that is sufficiently pure .

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