Code No: RR320801

Set No. 1

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 MASS TRANSFER OPERATIONS-II (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Write about the construction of enthalpy - concentration diagram for a binary liquid mixture (b) Give the characteristics of an enthalpy-concentration diagram (c) Explain, how the enthalpy-concentration diagram and x-y diagram are related. [4+8+4] 2. (a) Define reflux and reflux ratio (b) Explain the importance of reflux in a distillation column. (c) How will you calculate the optimum reflux ratio? [4+6+6] 3. Explain the different types of azeotropic mixture. How will you separate an azeotropic mixture? Also write short notes on any separation process used for the separation of azeohipic mixture. [16] 4. Write about the system of three liquids - two pairs partially soluble with the help of an equilibrium diagram. Give examples. Also discuss the effect of temperature on the above system. [16] 5. If 8000 kg/h of an acetic acid (C)-water (A) solution, containing 30 % acid, is to be counter currently extracted with isopropyl ether (B) to reduce the acid concentration to 2 % in the solvent free raffinate product, Determine: (a) The minimum amount of solvent which can be used and (b) The number of theoretical stages if 20,000 kg/h of solvent is used. The equilibrium data are given below. Water layer, wt % Isopropyl ether layer wt% Wt% acetic acid 100x Water Isopropylehter Acetic acid 100y* Water Isopropylehter 0.69 98.1 1.2 0.18 0.5 99.3 1.41 97.1 1.5 0.37 0.7 98.9 2.89 95.5 1.6 0.79 0.8 98.4 6.42 91.7 1.9 1.93 1.0 97.1 13.30 84.4 2.3 4.82 1.9 93.3 25.50 71.1 3.4 11.40 3.9 84.7 36.70 58.9 4.4 21.60 6.9 71.5 44.30 45.1 10.6 31.10 10.8 58.1 46.40 37.1 16.5 36.20 15.1 48.7 [16] 1 of 2

Code No: RR320801

Set No. 1

6. Explain Continuous-Countercurrent Decantation (CCD). (a) with simple flow sheet (b) flow sheet with intermediate agitation and filtration of washed solids. [8+8] 7. Adsorption on 6×10mesh activate carbon is being considered to recover methyl ethyl ketone from an air stream at 25deg C and 1 atm. The air flow is 12000m3 / min. an the air has 0.40 kg MEK / 1000m3 .If the superficial velocity is 0.5m/s and an absorption cycle of at least 8hr is desired. About what bed dimensions should be used assume the bulk density of the carbon is 30Kg /m3 . [16] 8. (a) Derive the rate of adsorption in fixed beds? (b) What are the factors determining rate of ion exchange? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [10+6]

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Code No: RR320801

Set No. 2

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 MASS TRANSFER OPERATIONS-II (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) A liquid mixture of i. 50 mole% n-heptane ii. and 50 mole% n-octane were subjected to differential distillation at atmospheric pressure with 70 mole% of the liquid distilled. Compute the composition of the composite distillate and the residue. “x” 1.00 0.50 0.46 0.42 0.38 0.34 0.32 0.00 “y” 1.00 0.689 0.648 0.608 0.567 0.523 0.497 0.00 (b) What is relative volatility? How is it computed? [12+4]

2. Derive the relationship for the intersection of the operating lines corresponding to the rectifying and stripping sections of distillation column for various thermal conditions of the feed. [16] 3. An equimolar binary mixture of completely miscible components is to be separated in a packed distillation column operated at atmospheric pressure. The relative volatility is 1.2. The distillate product to be obtained should contain 95 mole% of the more volatile component bottom product contains 5 mole % of the mole volatile component. Compute for this case, the number of transfer units required if the column is operated at total reflux. [16] 4. Write about the use of rectangular coordinates to describe the concentrations in ternary systems. Also show how they can be used on solvent-free basis for two partly miscible liquid pairs. [16] 5. (a) Describe the rotating disk contactor with a neat sketch. (b) Discuss packed extraction tower with a neat sketch. [8+8]

6. Oil is to be extracted from meal by means of benzene using a continuous countercurrent extractor. The unit is to treat 1000 kg of meal (based on completely exhausted solid) per hour. The untreated meal contains 365 kg of oil and 30 kg of benzene. The fresh solvent mixture contains 14 kg of oil and 590 kg of benzene. The exhausted solids are to contain 55 kg of unextracted oil. Experiments carried out under conditions identical with those of the projected battery, show that the

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Code No: RR320801

Set No. 2

solution retained depends on the concentration of the solutions as follows. Concentration 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 Kg oil / kg solution Solution retained 0.500 0.505 0.515 0.530 0.550 0.571 0.595 0.620 Kg / kg solid. Find the number of stages required. [16]

7. (a) Prove that for cross current two stage treatment of liquid solutions by contact filtration, when the adsorption isotherm is linear, the least total adsorbent results if the amount used in this stages are equal. Explain. (b) Discuss about the effect of temperature and pressure on adsorption. [10+6]

8. Determine the required amount of activated carbon, the depth of adsorbent bed and the dia of the batch adsorber for absorbing petrol vapor from its mixture with air. The rate of flow of vapor and air mixture is 3450 m3 /hr.The initial concentration of petrol is C0 = .0.02 kg / m3 .The velocity of the vapor and air mixture is 0.23m /s. reduced to the total cross section of the apparatus, the dynamic activity of the carbon relative to petrol is 7%(mass). The bulk density of the carbon is 500kg / m3 . The duration of the desorption, drying and cooling of the adsorbent is 1.45hr. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR320801

Set No. 3

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 MASS TRANSFER OPERATIONS-II (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Generate X-Y and T-X-Y diagrams for an ideal solution of methanol-ethanol system from the data given below: Vapour pressure in mm Hg. 200 400 760 1520 T emperature0 C for ethanol 48.4 62.5 78.4 97.5 T emperature0 C for methanol 34.8 49.9 64.7 84 (b) Calculate and report the mean relative volatility for the above system. [12+4] 2. Write short notes on (a) Feed Tray location (b) Optimum reflux ratio (c) Stripping section in the distillation column (d) Simple distillation. [4×4]

3. Discuss the use of OPEN STEAM in seperation processes and write the material and enthalpy balances pertinent to the use of open steam. Assume Mecabe Thiole method in valid. [16] 4. (a) What is plait point ? Estimate the number of degrees of freedom of the system at the plait point? (b) What is the effect of temperature on ternary equalibria? Explain with neat sketch. [6+10] 5. Discuss continuous countercurrent multistage extraction and explain how it is shown on a triangular chart. Indicate how the quantities and compositions of extract and raffinate are computed. For a given separation indicate how the number of equilibrium stages required is found. [16] 6. Vegetable oil seeds containing 100 gm insoluble solid and 10 gm oil are contacted with 200 gm of organic solvent in a single stage leaching operation. The solvent used is fresh. Determine the amount of oil left in the oil seeds after the leaching. The equilibrium data can be expressed as: N = −4y + 8

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Code No: RR320801 Where,

Set No. 3
N = gm insoluble/(gm solvent + gm oil)

y = gm oil/(gm solvent + gm oil) in the seedphase x = gm oil/(gm solvent + gm oil) in the solventphase. The tie line data are: y 0.26 0.28 0.31 0.34 x 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 [16] 7. (a) Explain the method of calculation for multistage counter current extraction and use of Freundlich equation. (b) Write briefly on single stage batch treatment of liquids in adsorption operation. [10+6] 8. (a) Draw and explain the working principle involved in a Adsorber for solvent vapor at high pressures ? (b) Explain the term LUB? How do you calculate? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [12+4]

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Code No: RR320801

Set No. 4

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 MASS TRANSFER OPERATIONS-II (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is distillation? Explain how it is different from other unit operations used in chemical process industry. (b) Write the Rayleighs equation for simple distillation. (c) What are the assumptions made in deriving the above equation? 2. (a) Define reflux and reflux ratio (b) Explain the importance of reflux in a distillation column. (c) How will you calculate the optimum reflux ratio? [4+6+6] [8+4+4]

3. Discuss the use of OPEN STEAM in seperation processes and write the material and enthalpy balances pertinent to the use of open steam. Assume Mecabe Thiole method in valid. [16] 4. A feed solution containing 4000 kg of water and 20 kg of acetic acid is to be extracted with benzene solvent to recover 80% acetic acid by weight. The equilibrium data is : gm acetic acid per kg water 0.920 1.140 1.525 2.04 3.29 5.23 gm acetic acid per kg benzene 1.020 1.620 2.910 5.35 20.10 36.0 Calculate: (a) the number of cross-current stages required, if 1000 kg of benzene per stage is used and (b) the concentration of acetic acid in the combined extract. [16]

5. Phenol is extracted from phenol-water mixture containing water 8.0% w/w by pure iso-amyl acetate as a solvent. The purified water must not contain phenol more than 0.5 wt%. The extraction is to be carried out in continuous counter current method. (a) Find the minimum solvent to feed ratio. (b) If 1.5 times the minimum ratio is used, find the number of stages required.

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Code No: RR320801 Equilibrium data:

Set No. 4
Phase I Phase II Weight fraction Weight fraction Phenol Acetate Phenol Acetate 0 0.994 0 0.0022 0.088 0.900 0.0025 0.0020 0.168 0.810 0.0050 0.0018 0.230 0.743 0.0085 0.0016 0.320 0.643 0.0165 0.0013 0.415 0.540 0.0252 0.0009 0.490 0.455 0.0308 0.0008 0.565 0.365 0.0425 0.0005 0.660 0.230 0.0570 0.0004 0.680 0.188 0.0595 0.0003 0.718 0.095 0.0685 0.0002 0.696 0 0.0880 0 [16]

6. (a) Explain different types of agitated vessels with neat sketches. (b) With a neat sketch explain the working of Pachuca tank. 7. Discuss the applications of Freundlich equation in (a) Single stage operation (b) Multistage cross current operation (c) Multistage counter current operation 8. (a) State the principles of ion exchange. (b) Derive the equation to calculate the length of used bed. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [6+10] [6+6+4] [7+9]

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