# Code No: RR222105

Set No. 1

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is an inversion of a mechansim. (b) Give sketches and brief descriptions of each of the three mechanisms derived from the double crank chain by ﬁxing diﬀerent links. [4+12] 2. (a) What are straight line motion mechanisms? Name the diﬀerent types of mechanisms used for straight line motion. (b) Sketch the Peaucellier straight line motion and prove that the tracing point ‘P’ describes a straight line path. [4+12] 3. For the stream engine mechanism shown in Figure 3 determine the sliding acceleration of slides F and the angular acceleration of link, CE, for a crank speed of 143rpm for the given conﬁguration. Dimensions of various links are OA = 30cm, AB = 120cm, BC = 45cm, CE = 120cm and EF = 120cm. [16]

Figure 3 4. (a) Deﬁne the term instantaneous centre of rotation. (b) Sketch a quick return motion of the crank and slotted lever type and explain the procedure of drawing the velocity and acceleration diagram, for any given conﬁguration of the mechanism by instantaneous centre method. [4+12] 1 of 3

Code No: RR222105

Set No. 1

5. The angle between the axes of two horizontal shafts to be connected by Hook’s joint is 1500 . The speed of driving shaft is 150rpm. The driven shaft carries a ﬂywheel weighing 10 Kg and having a radius of gyration of 10 Cm. If the forked end of the driving shaft rotates 300 from horizontal plane, ﬁnd the torque required to drive the shaft to overcome the inertial of the ﬂywheel. [16] 6. Draw the proﬁle of a cam operating a knife edged follower from the following data. (a) It lifts the follower through 3.75 cm during its 600 rotation with S.H.M. (b) The follower remains at rest for next 400 rotation of the cam. (c) The follower then descents to its original position during 900 rotation of the cam with S.H.M. (d) The follower remains at rest for the rest of the revolution. The least radius of the cam is 5 cm. If the cam rotates at 300 RPM. Find the maximum velocity and acceleration of the follower during ascent and descent. The axis of the follower passes through the axis of the cam shaft. [16] 7. (a) What do you mea by conjugate gears? Explain how do the involute proﬁle gear teeth satisfy it? (b) A pair of gears having 40 and 20 teeth respectively, are rotating in mesh, the speed of the smaller being 2000 rpm. Determine i. the speed of sliding between the gear teeth faces at the point of engagement, at the pitch point and at the point of disengagement, if the smaller wheel is the driver. Assume that the gear teeth are of the 200 involute forms that the addendum length is 5 mm and module pitch is 5 mm. ii. Also ﬁnd the angle through which pinion turns while any one pair teeth are in contact. [8+8] 8. In a general pulley block shown in Figure 8 the hauling chain passes round a sprocket wheel 60 cm diameter keyed to the spindle H. A sleeve B free to rotate on the spindle has an arm ﬁtted with a stud on which a compound pinion C-D with C, having 40 teeth, turns. Pinion C gears with E having 16 teeth, and is keyed to the spindle H. D gears externally with F, 64 teeth, which is ﬁxed to the frame of the block and is concentric with the spindle. The lifting chain passes round a sprocket wheel of 20 cm diameter keyed to the sleeve. Determine the velocity ratio of the eﬀort to load. All teeth have the same module. [16]

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Code No: RR222105

Set No. 1

Figure 8 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR222105

Set No. 2

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What is the diﬀerence between quick return motion of crank and slotted lever type and that of Whitworth type? What is the ratio of time taken on cutting and return strokes? [16] 2. A grass hopper straight line mechanisms gets its motion from a crank OA. The end A of the crank in joined to a long rod PQ such that Q A is 6cm. The end Q is further joined to along vertical link O1 Q, 24 Cm long moving with centre O1 . The length of rod PQ is also 24 Cm and its end P describes an approximate vertical straight line. Determine the radius of crank OA. Find also the maximum deviation of P from the vertical straight line in a travel of 6 Cm on each side of its mean position. [16] 3. (a) Deﬁne rubbing velocity at a in joint. What will be the rubbing velocity at pin joint when the two links move in the same and opposite directions? (b) A Petrol engine has a stroke of 36 cm and a connecting rod 90 cm. At certain instant, the crank makes an angle of 300 from the inner dead centre while rotating at 240 r.p.m in clockwise direction and has an angular acceleration of 500 rad/ S2 . Determine the following: i. Velocity and acceleration of piston. ii. Angular velocity and angular acceleration of connecting rod. iii. Velocity and acceleration of the point on the connecting rod 40 cm from the centre of the big end bearing. [6+10] 4. In a Whitworth quick return motion, a crank AB rotates about the ﬁxed center A. The end B operates a slider reciprocating in a slotted link, rotating about a ﬁxed center D, 5 cm vertically above A. The crank AB which is 10 cm long, rotates in a clockwise direction at speed of 100 rpm. Find the angular acceleration of a slotted link for the conﬁguration in which AB has turned through an angle of 45 degrees past its lowest position. [16] 5. A Hooke’s joint connects a shaft running at a uniform speed of 1000 rpm to a second shaft. The angle between their axes is 15 degrees. Find the velocity and acceleration of the driven shaft at the instant when the fork of the driving shaft has turned through an angle of 100 from the plane containing the shaft axes. At what other positions of the driving shaft during a revolution, the angular velocity of the driven shafts be the same as that arrived above? [16] 6. The base circle radius of the cam is 30mm. It give simple has monic motion to a roller follower at the end of a valve rod 1 of 2

Code No: RR222105

Set No. 2

The valve is raised through 40 mm during 1200 of cam rotation. There is dwell for the next 300 degrees. Descent takes place during next 600 . The cam dwells during the rest of the revolution. Cam shaft dia is 30mm diameter of the roller is 20mm. Draw the proﬁle of a cam when the line of stroke is oﬀset by 15mm from the cam shaft axis. [16] 7. (a) Explain the gears used for Intersecting Shafts with neat sketches? (b) The number of teeth on the gear and the pinion to two spur gears in mesh are 30 and 18 respectively. Both the gears have module of 6 mm and a pressure angle of 200 . If the pinion rotates at 400 rpm, what will be the sliding velocity at the moment the tip of the tooth of pinion has contact with the gear ﬂank? Take addendum equal to one module. Also ﬁnd the maximum velocity of sliding? [6+10] 8. In the epicyclic gear shown in Figure 8 the wheel C is keyed the shaft B and the wheel E is keyed to the shaft A, C and E rotate together on a pin ﬁxed to the arm G, C has 35 teeth D has 65 teeth, E has 32 teeth and F has 68 teeth. If a rotates at 60 r.p.m. and B rotates at 28 r.p.m. in the opposite direction to A, ﬁnd the speed and direction of arm G. [16]

Figure 8 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR222105

Set No. 3

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) How can the mechanism of higher pair be replaced by the mechanism of lower pair? (b) Write notes on complete and incomplete constraints in lower and higher pairs, illustrating your answer with neat sketches. [6+10] 2. Explain how Grass- Hopper mechanism and Watt mechanism generate approximate straight-line motion. [16] 3. Figure 3 shows toggle mechanism in which the crank OP rotates at a uniform speed of 120rpm in a clockwise direction. Determine velocity and acceleration of the slides at S. The lengths of various links are as under: OP = 8cm, PR = 18cm, QR = 24cm and SR = 27cm. [16]

Figure 3 4. In the circuit bracket mechanisms represented in Figure 4 the point P moves in a vertical straight line. In the conﬁguration O4 B is vertical .If the angular velocity and angular acceleration of link Q4 A is 45 rad/sec and 300 rad/sec2 respectively, both in clockwise sense, Determine the velocity and acceleration of point P. [16]

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Code No: RR222105

Set No. 3

Figure 4 5. (a) Describe the working of Davis steering gear mechanism giving neat sketch. Derive the condition for correct steering of the above mechanism. (b) The Distance between the steering pivots of a Davis Steering gear is 1.3m. The wheel base is 2.75 metres. What will be the inclination of the track arms to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle if it is moving in a straight path. [8+8] 6. Draw the proﬁle of a cam operating a knife edged follower from the following data. (a) It lifts the follower through 3.75 cm during its 600 rotation with S.H.M. (b) The follower remains at rest for next 400 rotation of the cam. (c) The follower then descents to its original position during 900 rotation of the cam with S.H.M. (d) The follower remains at rest for the rest of the revolution. The least radius of the cam is 5 cm. If the cam rotates at 300 RPM. Find the maximum velocity and acceleration of the follower during ascent and descent. The axis of the follower passes through the axis of the cam shaft. [16] 7. (a) Prove that the change in centre distance within limits between involute gears does not change the angular velocity ratio but alters the pressure angle. (b) Find the length of arc of contact, contact ratio and maximum velocity of sliding between two mating gears if the number of teeth on pinion and gear are 24 and 33. Take module pitch is 4.25 mm; pressure is 200 and addendum of one module. The pinion rotates at 150 rpm. [8+8] 8. In a general pulley block shown in Figure 8 the hauling chain passes round a sprocket wheel 60 cm diameter keyed to the spindle H. A sleeve B free to rotate on the spindle has an arm ﬁtted with a stud on which a compound pinion C-D with C, having 40 teeth, turns. Pinion C gears with E having 16 teeth, and is keyed to the spindle H. D gears externally with F, 64 teeth, which is ﬁxed to the frame of the 2 of 3

Code No: RR222105

Set No. 3

block and is concentric with the spindle. The lifting chain passes round a sprocket wheel of 20 cm diameter keyed to the sleeve. Determine the velocity ratio of the eﬀort to load. All teeth have the same module. [16]

Figure 8 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR222105

Set No. 4

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Distinguish clearly between a ‘structure’ and a ‘Machine’. (b) Explain various inversions of single and double slider crank chains. [4+12]

2. What do you mean by a Pantograph? With a neat sketch explain the principal and working of the pantograph. What are its uses? [16] 3. The mechanism shown in Figure 3 the length of the various links are, OE = 15cm, AB = 40cm, BC = 60cm and CD = 20cm. The crank rotates at 70rpm. Determine (a) Coriolis component acceleration of E with respect to F (b) Angular acceleration of link BC. [16]

Figure 3 4. An engine mechanism ABC has a crank AB of length 4 cm rotating about A. The connecting rod BC is 12 cm long and the piston C has a mass of 100 gm. C moves along the line AC. Draw the velocity diagram and the acceleration diagram for a uniform crank speed of 150 rad/sec in clockwise direction when the angle BAC is 450 . What is torque required at the crank to accelerate the piston C at this position? [16] 5. (a) Sketch a pantograph, explain its working and show that it can be used to reproduce to an enlarged scale a given ﬁgure. 1 of 3

Code No: RR222105

Set No. 4

(b) The angle between the axes of two shafts joined by Hooke’s joint is 250 . The driving shaft rotates at a uniform speed of 180 r.p.m, The driven shaft carries a study load of 7.5 k.w. Calculate the mass of the ﬂy wheel of the driven shaft if its radius of gyration is 150 mm and the out put torque of the driven shaft does not vary by more than 15% of the input shaft. [6+10] 6. A ﬂat ended valve tappet is operated by a symmetrical cam with circular arcs for ﬂank and nose proﬁles. The total angle of action is 1500 base circle diameter 125 mm and the lift 25 mm. During the lift, the period of acceleration is half that of the retardation. Speed of cam shaft is 1250 r.p.m. The straight line path of the tapper passes through the cam axis. Find (a) Radii of the nose and ﬂank, and (b) Maximum acceleration and retardation during the lift. [16]

7. (a) Derive the formula for the length of the path of contact for two meshing spur gear having involute proﬁle. (b) Find graphically, the length of the path of contact when pinion with 18 teeth meshes with an internally toothed wheel with 72 teeth, when the pressure angle is 200 , module pitch is 4 mm and the addenda of pinion and wheel are 8.7 mm and 3.7 mm respectively. [8+8] 8. An epicyclic bevel gear train, as shown in Figure 8 has ﬁxed gear B meshing with pinion C. The gear E on the driven shaft meshes with the pinion D. The pinions C and D are keyed to a shaft, which revolves in bearings on the arm A. The arm A is keyed to the driving shaft. The number of teeth are: TB = 75, Tc = 20, TD = 18 and TE = 70. Find the speed of the driven shaft, if 1. The driving shaft make 1000 r.p.m. and 2. The gear B turns in the same sense as the driving shaft at 400 r.p.m. the driving shaft still making 1000 r.p.m. [16]

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Code No: RR222105

Set No. 4

Figure 8 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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