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1. If the sum of 𝒑 terms of an A.P. is equal to the sum of 𝒒 terms, then show that the sum of its 𝒑 + 𝒒
terms is zero.
Solution: Let π‘Ž be the first term and 𝑑 be the common difference of the given A.P.
We know that, 𝑆𝑛 = 𝑛

2

2π‘Ž + 𝑛 βˆ’ 1 𝑑

But, 𝑆𝑝 = π‘†π‘ž -------------------[given]
∴ 𝑝 π‘ž

2π‘Ž + 𝑝 βˆ’ 1 𝑑 = 2π‘Ž + π‘ž βˆ’ 1 𝑑
2
2

Cancelling

1
on both the side we get
2 𝑝

2π‘Ž + 𝑝 βˆ’ 1 𝑑 = π‘ž 2π‘Ž + π‘ž βˆ’ 1 𝑑
∴ 𝑝 2π‘Ž + 𝑝𝑑 βˆ’ 𝑑 = π‘ž 2π‘Ž + π‘žπ‘‘ βˆ’ 𝑑
∴ 2π‘Žπ‘ + 𝑝2 𝑑 βˆ’ 𝑝𝑑 = 2π‘Žπ‘ž + π‘ž 2 𝑑 βˆ’ π‘žπ‘‘
∴ 2π‘Žπ‘ βˆ’ 2π‘Žπ‘ž + 𝑝2 𝑑 βˆ’ π‘ž 2 𝑑 βˆ’ 𝑝𝑑 + π‘žπ‘‘ = 0
∴ 2π‘Ž 𝑝 βˆ’ π‘ž + 𝑑 𝑝2 βˆ’ π‘ž 2 βˆ’ 𝑑 𝑝 βˆ’ π‘ž = 0
∴ 2π‘Ž 𝑝 βˆ’ π‘ž + 𝑑 𝑝 + π‘ž 𝑝 βˆ’ π‘ž βˆ’ 𝑑 𝑝 βˆ’ π‘ž = 0
∴ 𝑝 βˆ’ π‘ž 2π‘Ž + 𝑑 𝑝 + π‘ž βˆ’ 𝑑 = 0
∴ 2π‘Ž + 𝑝 + π‘ž βˆ’ 1 𝑑 =

0 𝑝
βˆ’π‘ž

∴ 2π‘Ž + 𝑝 + π‘ž βˆ’ 1 𝑑 = 0 ------------------------eq (1)
But, Sp+q =
∴ 𝑆𝑝+π‘ž = 𝑝

+π‘ž
2

∴ 𝑆𝑝+π‘ž = 0

p+q
2

[2π‘Ž + 𝑝 + π‘ž βˆ’ 1 𝑑]

0 -----------------------------[from equation number (1)]

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