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Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Using the general approach of displacement function, derive the force-displacement relationship and element stiﬀness matrix. for a truss bar element. [16] 2. Derive stiﬀness equations for a bar element from the one dimensional second order equation by variated approach. [16] 3. The members (1) and (2) are circular in cross section with diameters of 10 cm and 20 cm respectively. Determine the displacement at the node where load is acting.{As shown in the Figure3} [16]

Figure 3 4. Consider a beam with uniform distributed load as shown in the ﬁgure4. Estimate the deﬂection at the centre of the beam. E = 200 Gpa ; A = 25 mm ×0 25 mm. [16]

Figure 4 5. (a) Derive strain displacement [B] matrix for a 3 noded Triangular element? (b) The nodal coordinates and the nodal displacements of a triangular element, under a speciﬁc load condition are given below: Xi = 0, Yi = 0, Xj = 1 mm , Yj = 3 mm, Xk = 4 mm, Yk = 1, u1 =1 mm, u2 = -0.05 mm, u3 = 2 mm, v1 = 0.5 mm , v2 = 1.5 mm and v3 = -1 mm. If E = 2 × 105 N/mm2 and µ = 0.3. ﬁnd the stresses in the element. [8+8]

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Code No: R05311402

Set No. 1

6. Derive the element stiﬀness matrix for torsion element in terms of modulus of rigidity, polar moment of inertia and the length of the shaft? [16] 7. Determine the natural frequencies of a simply supported beam of length 800 mm with the cross sectional area of 75 cm × 25 cm. Take E= 200 Gpa and density of 7850 kg/m3 . {As shown in the Figure7} [16]

Figure 7 8. (a) Explain the convergence criteria in ﬁnite element analysis. (b) Write about pre-processor, processor, and post-processor in any FEM software. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05311402

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Determine the circumference of a circle of radius ‘r’ using the basic principles of ﬁnite element method. [16] 2. With a suitable example explain the formulation of ﬁnite element equations by direct approach. Assume suitable data for the example. Use I-D analysis [16] 3. Estimate the displacement vector, stresses and reactions for the truss structure as shown below Figure3:

Figure 3 Note: - Area is not given and assumed as A(e) = 1mm2 ‘E’ is not given. Assumed as E=2×105 N/mm2 [16] 4. Deﬁne and derive the Hermite shape functions for a two nodded beam element? [16] 5. Derive the shape functions for a triangular element in global coordinator system. [16] 6. Derive the element conductivity matrix and load vector for solving 1-D heat conduction problems, if one of the surfaces is exposed to a heat transfer coeﬃcient of h and ambient temperature of T∞? [16] 7. Explain the following with examples. (a) Lumped parameter model. (b) Consistant mass matrix model. [8+8]

8. (a) Sketch any three 3-D structural element showing their degrees of freedoms. (b) Derive the shape function of any one of the 3-D structural element. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1

Code No: R05311402

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the signiﬁcance of node numbering and element numbering during the discretization process. (b) Explain the natural and geometric boundary conditions. [8+8]

2. With a suitable example explain the formulation of ﬁnite element equations by direct approach. Assume suitable data for the example. Use I-D analysis [16] 3. Consider the truss element with the coordinates i(10,10) & q(50,40) If the displacement vector is q=[15 10 21 43]T mm, then determine (a) The trace vector F (b) Stress in each element (c) Stiﬀness matrix if E= 70 GPA and A= 200 mm2 . [6+4+6]

4. Estimate the stiﬀness matrix and the deﬂection at the center of the simply supported beam of length 3 m. A 50 kN of load is acting at the center of the beam. Take EI = 800 × 103 N-m2 . [16] 5. (a) Discuss the signiﬁcance and applications of triangular elements. (b) Two dimensional simplex elements are used to ﬁnd the pressure distribution in a ﬂuid medium. The (x, y) coordinates of nodes i, j and k of an element are given by (2, 4), (4, 0) and (2, 6) respectively. Find the shape functions Ni , Nj and Nk of the element. [10+6] 6. Compute the elemental conductivity matrix and load vector for the 2-D triangular element as shown in ﬁgure6. The faces 1-3 and 2-3 are exposed to a convection and there is an internal heat generation of 50 W/cm3 . Assume thermal conductivity is 60 W/m K. [16]

Figure 6 1 of 2

Code No: R05311402

Set No. 3

7. Derive the elemental jumped and consistant mass matrices for 1-D bar element and 1-D plane truss element? [16] 8. Write a procedure for model creation and mesh generation for aerofoil shape turbine blades. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05311402

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. With a help of a neat block diagram, explain the model based simulation process of ﬁnite element method. [4+12] 2. With a suitable example explain the formulation of ﬁnite element equations by direct approach. Assume suitable data for the example. Use I-D analysis [16] 3. Determine the stiﬀness matrix, stresses and reactions in the truss structure shown in Figure3:[16]

Figure 3 4. A cantilever beam of 1 m length carries a single point vertical load at the end of the beam of 10 kN. Calculate the deﬂection at the end of the beam using FEM, if E = 70 Gpa, A=500 mm2 and I = 2500 mm4 . [16] 5. Explain in detail how the element stiﬀness matrix and load vector are evaluated in isoparametric formulations. [16] 6. Derive the element stiﬀness matrix for torsion element in terms of modulus of rigidity, polar moment of inertia and the length of the shaft? [16] 7. Find the natural frequencies and the corresponding mode shapes for the longitudinal vibrations for the stepped bar. Assume A1 = 2A and A2 = A ;I1 = I2 = I & ; E1 = E2 = E. [8+8] 8. Explain the Topology decomposition approach and Node connection approach for mesh generation [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1

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