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IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007

COMPUTER METHODS IN POWER SYSTEMS

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(a) singular transformation using graph theory.

(b) directly from the network.

Give illustration with necessary example. [10+6]

2. A sample power system is shown in diagram. Determine V2 and V3 by N.R method

after one iteration. The p.u. values of line impedances are shown in figure 2. [16]

Figure 2

3. For the system shown in figure3, find the voltage at the receiving end bus at the

end of first iteration. Load is 2 + j0.8 p.u. Voltage at the sending end (slack) is 1

+ j0p.u. Line admittance is 1.0 – j4.0 p.u. Transformer reactance is j0.4 p.u. Use

the Decoupled load flow method. Assume VR = 1 6 0◦ [16]

Figure 3

4. Develop the necessary matrices of

(a) Fault admittance matrix is phase and sequence component form. [6+6]

(b) Fault impedance matrix in sequence component form for a three phase fault

at a bus in a power system, for short circuit studies. [4]

5. Derive the expressions for fault Current at buses and lines, Voltages at the faulted

and other buses when a single-line-to-ground fault occurs at a bus on conventional

phase ‘a’, using fault impedance and Bus impedance matrices in phase Component

form. [16]

1 of 2

Code No: RR410203 Set No. 1

6. (a) Define the following terms :

i. Steady state stability limit.

ii. Dynamic state stability limit.

iii. Transient state stability limit .

(b) List the assumptions made in the transient stability solution techniques.

(c) Derive the expression for steady state stability limit using ABCD parameters.

[2+2+2+4+6]

7. (a) Give details of assumptions made in the study of steady state and transient

stability solution techniques.

(b) Give important difference between steady state, dynamic state and transient

state stability studies.

(c) Give the list of methods to improve transient state stability limits. [6+6+4]

8. (a) Give the mathematical model for the transient stability analysis of multi ma-

chine power system.

(b) Discuss fourth-order Runge-Kutta for solving the swing equation. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR410203 Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007

COMPUTER METHODS IN POWER SYSTEMS

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. The load flow data for the system in figure1 is given in the following tables.

Figure 1

Bus code p-q Impedance zpq

1-2 0.+j0.05 p.u

1-3 0.+j0.1

2-3 0.+j0.05

Generation Load

Bus code Assumed bus voltage Megawatts Megavars Megawatts Megawars

1 1.03+j0 p.u 0 0 0 0

2 1.00+j0.0 50 - 20 10

3 1.00+j0.0 0 0 20 20

The voltage magnitude at bus 2 is to be held at 1.0 p.u. The maximum and min-

imum reactive power limits at bus2 are 50 and -10 Megavars, respectively. With

bus 1 as the slack, use G.S. method and Y bus to obtain a load flow solution upto

one iteration.(Assume Base mva=50) [16]

2. Find δ 2 and Q2 for the system shown in figure2 use. N.R. method upto one iteration.

[16]

1 of 3

Code No: RR410203 Set No. 2

Figure 2

3. Develop the power flow model using Decoupled method and explain the assumptions

made to arrive at the Fast Decoupled load flow method. Draw the flow chart and

explain. [16]

(a) Fault admittance matrix is phase and sequence component form. [6+6]

(b) Fault impedance matrix in sequence component form for a three phase fault

at a bus in a power system, for short circuit studies. [4]

5. Derive the expressions for fault Current at the buses and lines , Voltages at the

faulted bus and at other buses when a single ?line-to-ground fault occurs at a bus

on conventional phase ‘a’, using fault impedance and Bus impedance matrices , in

sequence component form. [16]

i. Steady state stability limit.

ii. Dynamic state stability limit.

iii. Transient state stability limit .

(b) List the assumptions made in the transient stability solution techniques.

(c) Derive the expression for steady state stability limit using ABCD parameters.

[2+2+2+4+6]

(b) A generator is delivering 1.0 p.u. power to infinite bus system through a purely

reactive network. A fault occurs on the system and reduces the output to zero.

The maximum power that could be delivered is 2.5 p.u.. When the fault is

cleared, original network conditions exist again. Compute critical clearing

angle. [6+10]

2 of 3

Code No: RR410203 Set No. 2

(b) What are the methods used to improve the transient stability limit?

(c) Write some of the recent methods for maintaining stability. [6+6+4]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

3 of 3

Code No: RR410203 Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007

COMPUTER METHODS IN POWER SYSTEMS

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Draw flow chart for load flow solution by Gauss-Siedel iterative method using

Ybus .

(b) What are P-V buses? How are they handled in the above method. [10+6]

2. (a) Describe the Newton-Raphson method for the solution of power flow equations

in power systems deriving necessary equations.

(b) What are P-V Buses? How are they handled in the above method. [12+4]

3. (a) Formulate the power flow problem and show how it can be solved by Decoupled

method.

(b) Explain how the voltage controlled buses are treated in the above method.

[8+8]

tation for finding fault voltages and fault currents when a fault occurs at a

bus.

(b) The per unit ZBU S matrix for a power systems is given by

1 2 3

ZBU S = 1 j0.0450 j0.0075 j0.03

2 j0.0075 j0.06375 j0.03

3 j0.03 j0.03 j0.21

A three phase fault occurs at bus 3 through a fault impedance of j 0.19

p.u.ohms. Calculate the fault current, bus voltages and line currently dur-

ing the fault. [8+8]

5. Derive the expressions for fault Current at the buses and lines , Voltages at the

faulted bus and at other buses when a single ?line-to-ground fault occurs at a bus

on conventional phase ‘a’, using fault impedance and Bus impedance matrices , in

sequence component form. [16]

i. Steady state stability limit.

ii. Dynamic state stability limit.

iii. Transient state stability limit .

(b) List the assumptions made in the transient stability solution techniques.

1 of 2

Code No: RR410203 Set No. 3

(c) Derive the expression for steady state stability limit using ABCD parameters.

[2+2+2+4+6]

7. Draw the diagrams to illustrate the application of equal area criterion to study

transient stability for the following cases :

(a) A switching operation causing the switching out of one of the circuits, of a

double circuit line feeding an infinite bus.

(b) A fault on one of the parallel circuits of a two circuit line feeding an infinite

bus. The fault is very close to the sending end bus and is subsequently cleared

by the opening of faulted line. [8+8]

(b) What are the methods used to improve the transient stability limit?

(c) Write some of the recent methods for maintaining stability. [6+6+4]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR410203 Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007

COMPUTER METHODS IN POWER SYSTEMS

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) What are acceleration factors? Explain their importance in power flow studies.

(b) Describe load flow solution with P.V buses using G-S method. [4+12]

after one iteration. The p.u. values of line impedances are shown in figure 2. [16]

Figure 2

3. Carry out one iteration of load flow solution for the system shown by Fast – De-

coupled methodas shown in the figure3. Take Q limits of generator 2 as

Qmin = 0, Qmax = 5.

Figure 3

Bus 1 slack bus Vspecif ied = 1.056 00 .

Bus 2 PV bus |V| specif ied = 1.00 p.u., PG = 3 p.u.

Bus 3 PQ bus PD = 4 p.u., QD = 2 p.u. [16]

tation for finding fault voltages and fault currents when a fault occurs at a

bus.

1 of 2

Code No: RR410203 Set No. 4

(b) The per Unit Bus Impedance Matrix is given by :

1 2 3

ZBU S = 1 j0.3 j0.2 j0.28

2 j0.2 j0.4 j0.25

3 j0.28 j0.25 j0.42

A three phase fault occurs at bus 2 through a fault impedance of j 0.2 p.u.ohms.

Calculate the fault current, bus voltages and line currently during the fault.

5. Derive the expressions for fault Current at the buses and lines , Voltages at the

faulted bus and at other buses when a single ?line-to-ground fault occurs at a bus

on conventional phase ‘a’, using fault impedance and Bus impedance matrices , in

sequence component form. [16]

i. Steady state stability limit.

ii. Dynamic state stability limit.

iii. Transient state stability limit .

(b) List the assumptions made in the transient stability solution techniques.

(c) Derive the expression for steady state stability limit using ABCD parameters.

[2+2+2+4+6]

7. (a) Give details of assumptions made in the study of steady state and transient

stability solution techniques.

(b) Give important difference between steady state, dynamic state and transient

state stability studies.

(c) Give the list of methods to improve transient state stability limits. [6+6+4]

8. Write the steps involved in the computational algorithm for obtaining swing curves

using modified Euler’s method . Draw as flow chart. [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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