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Motivation – describe motivation as the driving force behind our behavior.

Is the “WHY” of behavior Definition and Characteristics of Motivation a. An internal state or condition that activities behavior and gives it direction; b. A desire or what that energies to directs goal oriented behavior; c. An influence of needs and desires on the intensity and direction of behavior; d. The arousal, direction and persistence of behavior. MOTIVATION MAY INCLUDE ANY BEHAVIOR TOWARD A GOAL Ambition Aim Aspiration Desire Drive goal hunger love motives need revenge striving want wish




1. MOTIVE – some motivating state the impels the person toward goal 2. INSTRUMENTAL BEHAVIOR – displayed in striving for the goal 3. GOAL – realization or achievement of the goal Motive – which comes from the Latin word meaning “to move” is the mover of the action. Such as for example: hunger, thirst, ambition, need, want and so forth. Hedonism – this doctrine holds that the underlying causes of all behavior are the tendencies to seek pleasure and avoid pain

Biological Motives – include hunger. behavior is guided by rational principles. which are 1. has for its primary objective the actual satisfaction of the motive itself such as drinking when thirsty or eating available food when hungry. CLASSIFICATION OF MOTIVES: 1. Love – Motives for love emerge when biological and safety motives are satisfies with other people and groups and become a spouse and parent of his needs to affiliate with friends and groups. the good choice is automatically selected. Ex: The family servant behavior exceptionally well accomplishing a good gerenal house – cleaning. a leader in the development of humanistic psychology. MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEED THEORY Most Psychologist think of motives as having a hierarchical organization in the sense that psychological needs are based on physiological ones and vice versa.Rationalism – According to this view. Homeostasis – applies to the body tendency to maintain a constant environment. and other miscellaneous body drives (pain. air. If known. 2. Instrumental Motives – has for its primary function and satisfaction of a motive through indirect means. extreme temperatures. Abraham Maslow. Motives can also be grouped into two divisions biological and psychological motives: 1. and urges to illuminate body wastes) 2. thirst. competence. fatigue. Biological Needs – According to Maslow. Safety – humans want to feel safety from danger – predators extreme temperature. Instinct Theory – The Psychologist. William Mc Douggal strongly advocated the theory that our thoughts and behavior are the result of inherited instinct which are compelling sources of conducts modifiable by learning and experience. Psychological Motives – subdivided into personal or organism motives curiosity. Consummatory Motive – on the other hand. 2. and achievement and involve the intrinsic functions. need for acceptance and approval from friends and need I belong are satisfied. criminals. sex. the lowest form of motivation is delivered from physiological needs. and the like 3. .

Emotion – is a generalized disturbance of the effective process or state of person which is revealed by marked bodily changes in smooth muscles. Self Actualization – is defined a s having become everything that one is capable of becoming sometimes this is referred to a self-realization Strategies to motivate people towards positive behavior In the economy – driven environment today. so goes a saying. Motivation by goal setting – dreams and make them happen. It is state of behavior arousal varying from deep sleep to high tension. glands and gross behavior. out of fear or treat of force or the promise of external reward. Motivation by Enticement – is possible to get followers do want one wants then to through enticement of various form. 4.4. Self – esteem – People will learn a skill or engage in a professional and other behaviors that will elicit from others and a feeling of self-respect to satisfy their need to form a stable self-image. People can be overwhelmed by dreams or goals that appear to be beyond their reach 2. such as giving them. Motivation by focus – people who successful in making their dreams happen are those who are able to maintain their focus 3.a substantial research base exists to validate the power of music to motivate people.It is most fortunately situation if workers work and students study because they believes it is a good work or the study and not nearly because they have to. b. are expected to understand and apply motivational techniques. leaders. It is experience or awareness of something we feel and an expression exhibited in the behavior seen by other. It is also a physiological or bodily state that can be measured by physical means c. Many described ka favorite piece of music as “moving” or inspiring. MEANING THE NATURE OF MOTION the role of emotion in making life interesting and colorful cannot be overemphasized Emotion as an indefinite subjective sensation experienced as a state of arousal. educational. team teachers and managers. CHARACTERISTIC OF EMOTION 1. teachers. 1. characteristics: a. 5. It is motivating force what we strive for or try to avoid Relationship between motivation and emotion . Motivation by music . d. 2. a lot of employers. 5. Motivation by identification / EGO Environment . is different from motivation Emotions tend to be associated with specific facial expressions. Emotion has the ff.

According to these theories. Walter Cannon. COGNITIVE THEORY OF EMOTION – Stanley Schachter and Jerome Singer emphasize the role of cognitive factors and social situation in determining emotional states.- it is a common experience that emotions accompany motivated behavior emotions activate and direct behavior in the same way biological or psychological motives do. which is a part of the brains central core. CANNON – BARD THALANIC THEORY – following their objection to the James Lange theory. THEORIES OF EMOTION 1. THE JAMES – LARGE THEORY – an early formulated to explain the emotions was suggested at about the same time by the American psychologist. and the Danish Psychologist. Event Arousal Emotion 2. Carl Lange. proposed their own theory emotion which states that the THALMUS. L. an event causes psychological arousal first. Emotion Event Thought Arousal . A common basis for differentiating between motivation and emotion assumes that emotions are usually aroused by external stimuli and that emotional expression. LAZARUS THEORY – Lazarus theory states that a thought must come before any emotion or physiological arousal. William James. Bard. a psychologist to his student. Arousal Event Emotion 3. has the central role in emotion. Event Arousal Reasoning Emotion 4.

Octhophobia – fear of clouds 23. Gamophobia – fear of marriage 25. PHOBIA – is a persistent fear that seems unrealistic or irrational to an outsider • SOME COMMON PHOBIAS ARE: 1. Sitiophobia – fear of strange places 12. we are also aware of unfortunate tendencies to treat emotions as an undesirable problem. Zoo phobia – fear of animals 17. Neophobia – fear of fear of novelty 20. Pyrophobia – fear of fire 5. Agorophobia – fear of open spaces 3. Dysmorphobia – fear of becoming misshapen 21. Thanato phobia – fear of fear of death 18. Monophobia – fear of being alone 8. CHARACTHERISTICS OF MUSIC . as a hindrance to maximal intellectual functioning. Adontophobia – fear of teeth 6. Photophobia – fear of fear of light 19. Just think of your movie or TV telenovela and how much you would you missing it without the soundtrack. music is one of the most powerful ways to on a person’s emotions. Xenophobia – fear of fear of foreigners or strangers 11. Lyssophobia – fear of fear of hydrophobia 22. Aerophobia – fear of Airplanes 13. Claustrophobia – fear of closed places 4. Acrophobia – fear in high places 2. Toxicophobia – fear of fear of poison 15. Algophobia – fear of pain 14. Hapherphobia – fear of being tough THE POWER OF MUSIC ON EMOTIONS Indeed . Hydro phobia – fear of water 16. Ergasiophobia – fear of work 24. Hematophobia – fear of the sight of blood 7. Phobophobia – fear of one’s own fear 10.THE TOLLS OF DISRUPTIVE EMOTION • While positive emotional roles enrich our daily lives. Demonophobia – fear of demons 9.

Music is an effective memory aid. .Music-and the silences within it. enjoyable context for repetition. . . . . .Music is easily adapted to.Music is structures time in way that we can understand (“that’s the last verse-may exercise session is almost over”) . people of all ability levels can participate..provide immediate feedback.Music is success-oriented.Music support and encourages movement. . and can be reflective of. . a person abilities.Music captivates and maintains attention-it is stimulate and utilizes many parts of the brain.Music taps in to memories and emotions.Music provide a meaningful.