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Archimedes of Syracuse (pronounced ar-ka-meed-eez) is considered one of the greatest mathematicians in history. In fact, he is believed to be one of the three greatest mathematicians along with Isaac Newton and Carl Gauss. His greatest contributions to mathematics were in the area of Geometry. Archimedes was also an accomplished engineer and an inventor. He was believed to have been obsessed with Geometry though. Archimedes was born in Syracuse, Greece in 287 BC and died 212 BC after being killed by a Roman soldier who did not know who Archimedes was. He was the son of an astronomer: Phidias of whom we know nothing about. Archimedes received his formal education in Alexandria, Egypt which at the time was considered to be the 'intellectual center' of the world. When he completed his formal studies in Alexandria, he returned and stayed in Syracuse for the rest of his life. It is not known whether he ever married or had children.

such as the notion of a mathematical function. read Euler.Leonhard Euler Leonhard Euler English approximation. Euler spent most of his adult life in St. A statement attributed to Pierre-Simon Laplaceexpresses Euler's influence on mathematics: "Read Euler. "Oiler" 15 April 1707 – 18 September 1783) was a pioneering Swiss mathematician and physicist." . Russia. and in Berlin. his collected works fill 60–80 quarto volumes. He is considered to be the preeminent mathematician of the 18th century. and astronomy. fluid dynamics. Petersburg. He is also renowned for his work in mechanics. Prussia. and one of the greatest of all time. He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation. he is the master of us all. He is also one of the most prolific mathematicians ever. He made important discoveries in fields as diverse as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory. particularly for mathematical analysis. optics.

analysis. Sometimes referred to as the Princeps mathematicorum (Latin. differential geometry. Gauss had a remarkable influence in many fields of mathematics and science and is ranked as one of history's most influential mathematicians. astronomy and optics. He referred to mathematics as "the queen of sciences".Carl Friedrich Gauss Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (Carolus Fridericus Gauss) (30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855) was a German mathematician and physical scientist who contributed significantly to many fields. statistics.electrostatics. geophysics. geodesy. "the Prince of Mathematicians" or "the foremost of mathematicians") and "greatest mathematician since antiquity". . including number theory.

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