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DIGITAL PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS

UNIT - I Number Representation:
Number System – Binary – Hexal – Octal Codes – BCD – Excess 3 – Gray codes - Ascii – Ebcdic - etc.

UNIT - II Boolean Algebra:
Booleans laws – logic gates– Boolean Simplification K map – Sum of Products method – Product of sums method.

UNIT - III Combinational Logic:
Encoder, Decoder, Multiplexer, Demultiplexer, Exclusive or gates and applications Prom – Pal Logics.

UNIT - IV Negative Numbers & Arithmetic Design:
Negative Numbers: 1’s & 2’s Compliment representations – 9’s & 10’s compliment representations – half & full adder design – half & full subtracter design.

UNIT - V Sequential Logic:
Flip flops: RS, D, JK, I , JK – Triggering : level and edge – Registers: four shift registers – counters; ring counters, synchronous & asynchronous counters – modulo counters.

V Compliers: Basic Complier Functions – Machine – Dependent complier features – Machine – Independent complier features – complier features – complier design options – implementations examples.IV Macro Processors: Basic Macro Processor Functions – machine – independent macro processor Features – Macro processor Design Options – Implementations Examples.I Introduction to System Software: Introduction to system software and machine Architecture – Simplified instructional computer – Traditional machines .III Loader and Linkers: UNIT . UNIT .II Assemblers: Basic Leader functions – machine dependent and machine independent loader features – Loader design options – Implementations Examples.RIBC Machines. UNIT .SYSTEM SOFTWARE UNIT . . UNIT .

.I Introduction to COBOL – History – Character Set – Cobol Words – data names and Identifies – figurative Constants – reserved word – Coding Program – Compute statement – Arithmetic verb. UNIT . DATA AND PROCEDURE DIVISIONS – Picture clause – editing Picture Clause – level structure.V Computer Application in Business – Computer Applications in project management computer applications in personal and administration – accounting information system – computer applications in materials management – computer application in production planning and control – computer application in purchasing . UNIT .computer application in credit and collection .III Control Statement – Goto –Goto DEPENDING ON – IF Statement – PERFORM verb – Move Statement – Table Handling – Single. Two dimensional Array Handling. UNIT .IV File organisation – Indexed Random Sequential file Handling – Sorting and merging a file updation UNIT .computer application in warehousing marketing information systems – manufacturing information system – computer application of the future – multimedia – computer application in science and technology.COBOL PROGRAMMING UNIT .II Cobol Program structure – IDENTIFICATION. Search Verb – Character handing – Inspect Verb String and unstring Verb. ENVIRONMENT.