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Week 5 question 1 .

Post a 150- to 300-word response to the following discussion question by click ing on Reply: Sally and Bob have a 3-year-old son, Jimmy. Sally thinks Jimmy has aggressive be havior because he watches too much TV. Bob thinks Jimmy has aggressive behavior just because he is a boy and boys are typically more aggressive than girls. Identify what the problem and issue are in this scenario. My first response as a male was that the child was probably just being himself. When I fully comprehended the question I concluded that Sally and Bob probable have a rebellious son on th eir hands. They should calmly and firmly take control of the situation before Jimmy gets too much older and grows to disrespect his parents. Television could be one of the issues, so perhaps walking in the park would be an activity that would benefit Jimmy. Exercise is good for a child and it also helps to wear out the child which could take some e nergy out of the aggression Sally and Bob observed. The next day after a good night s sleep, perhaps the child will be m ore agreeable. Week 5 question 2 Post a 150- to 300-word response to the following discussion question by clickin g on Reply: What do you think influences our behavior more: nature, nurture, or a combinatio n of both? Explain your answer It is my belief that it is a combination of both nature and nurture that influen ces our behavior. Conditioning certainly impacts that way we behave, even if it is often subconscious. We can s ee it in the ways that we approach authority figures, most of us have been conditioned to not tell our bosses off w hen we are angry. This is because

most people have to be taught at a young age that there are consequences to our actions and we have been conditioned to behave in appropriate manners. There is certainly a biological co mponent to our behavior. Each of us are individuals with separate thought patterns and ideas that are unique to us. It is possible to be conditioned to be a certain way but innate nature is something that influences many of our actions. It isn t possible or recommended that we try to condition all the aspects of our nature from our behavior. Our genetic make-up and our environment contribute to who we are. Week 5 question 3 Post a 150- to 300-word response to the following discussion question by clickin g on Reply: Review the Children's Social Status tutorial located at the following link: http://media.pearsoncmg.com/pcp/pcp_94178_psych_axia/sim_social_status/index.htm l and locate Figure 7 on p. 300 of Psychology and Your Life. Explain the development of social behavior. How does attachment and parental sty les influence adult produced behaviors in children? We begin our social interactions begin the moment we are born. As infants grow p hysically they also hone their perceptual abilities which aid them in their social development. Early chi ldhood interactions lay the foundations for the social relationships that will occur for the rest of that person s life. P arenting is obviously the most influential factor. Authoritarian style parents are rigid and punitive and they value unques tioning obedience from their children. Parents classified as permissive are often relax and do not give their child any real or consistent direction, although they can also be characterized as being warm and requiring very little from thei r children. The authoritative parents are firm, clear with their limits, and can also explain and reason with their ch ildren. Uninvolved parents are detached emotionally and see their only role in a child s life as providing food, clothes, and shelter. Week 5 question 4 Post a 150- to 300-word response to the following discussion question by clickin g on Reply: Refer to pp. 301 & 302 of Psychology and Your Life. Which stage is affected by t he level of caregiver control? Which stage is discusses feeling of inadequacy and failure. Can you relate to th e stages as described? Provide an example. The stage that is affected by the level of caregiver control is the autonomy-ver sus-shame-doubt stage. If parents assert too much control it can inhibit the development of an autonomous person. Yet, the parents are not in control at all can have children that become overly demanding and controlling th

emselves. This stage occurs usually between the ages of 1.5 and 3 years of age. The stage that deals with feelings o f failure and inadequacy is the industry-versus-inferiority stage. This stage usually occurs between the ages of 6 and 12. I recall this particular stage impacting me. I remember while I was in school I studied hard for a test, took i t, and felt I had done fairly well on it. However, when the results were out, I realized I had not done as well as I that I would but I felt like I had failed totally even though it was just a single test. There was also a point in my young life w here I went to live with my aunt and uncle who I did not know very well. I was so unsure of myself and scared to live with virtual strangers, I was scared to get up to use the bathroom. My aunt had so much control that I was unsure what d ecisions I could make for myself. Week 5 question 5 Post a 150- to 300-word response to the following discussion question by clickin g on Reply: Review the Piaget theory of cognitive development on pp. 303 and 304 of Psycholo gy and Your Life. List each stage of cognitive development, along with one characteristic of each. Piaget s stages of development include sensor motor, preoperational, concrete oper ations, mastery, and formal operational. During the semsorimotor stage children can observe what is going on around them but don t necessarily try to act upon anything they see. This age is essential to the development of eye-h and coordination, even when it is just with toys. During the preoperational stage children mimic what they see and hear from peopl e they interact with, like relatives. For better and worse, this is how a child develops vocabulary, this i s why reading to children is crucial at this phase (it also helps develop imagination too).

The concrete operational mastery stage is a very delicate one that occurs as the child grows into a teenager. At this point, cognitive development is incomplete and therefore the c hild may not fully understand the extent of thoughts or concepts. For example, the child may attempt to explain an extended family tree and get lost or confused. Finally, the formal operational stage is when the teenager is fully grasping com plex concepts or daily life. Signs of this are in self discipline like completing chores or homework assignme nts for specific results like freedom or good grades.