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Ptarmigan insulate themselves during extremely cold weather in winter by burrowing into snowdrifts. n Park rangers patrol the wilderness by dog sled during the winter months. wild rose. moose gather in groups as the mating season begins. n The northern lights dance in the sky on many winter nights. is the longest day of the year. n The spring thaw. where owers begin blooming from the middle of June through late July. In November. golden eaglets learn to y. n Bears emerge from their winter dens in April. n Wildowers in the taiga begin to bloom in early June. n With early winter snows beginning in October.A Denali Year The cycle of seasons in Denali from spring through winter n Migratory birds are one sign of spring‛s arrival. brings high water for mountain streams. n In February. Wildower color soon spreads to the tundra. Dall sheep have lambs. each day loses about six minutes of light. Bears den up for the winter. Some species begin to arrive in the park as early as March.m. in late December. Wolves have pups. Glacial rivers ‘clear up‛ as stream levels drop and sediment load is reduced. and caribou give birth to calves. The bright colors of lupine. is as dark as it gets: the sun rises on Denali at 10:44 a. the tundra is a carpet of blooming wildowers. Snowshoe hares. n Many migratory birds return in May to nest in the taiga and on the tundra. Migratory birds begin to leave the park for southern destinations. The winter solstice. n Glacial rivers run high in midsummer because of rains and glacial melting. The summer solstice. Cranberries and soapberries are ripe. n Arctic ground squirrels and marmots are buried in their hibernation burrows. The days get shorter with decreasing sunlight. McKinley). n Summer is wildre season. in late June. bears give birth to cubs in their hibernation dens. The cycle of life starts again! Denali National Park and Preserve Discovery Pack .m. n Some plants are able to get a head start on the short growing season by beginning to photosynthesize or produce the food necessary for growth in the spring while they are still covered with snow. Lightning strikes from summer storms ignite res throughout interior Alaska. and sets at 3:04 p. and bluebells decorate the forest oor. n Blueberries are ready to eat in August. n In July. n Mosquitoes hatch in June. moose begin to shed their antlers. n Moose give birth to one or two calves in late May to early June. Leaves are blown to the ground and spruce seeds disperse. ptarmigan and short-tailed weasels turn from winter white to summer brown. are on clear summer days. n The beautiful autumn in the tundra with changing leaf color begins in late August and is usually over by the end of September. n In September. Fire is a natural part of this environment and an agent of change for the vegetation. called “breakup”. In late July. n The best chances for viewing Denali (Mt. Voles remain active under the blanket of snow.

gaining and losing altitude in fty-foot swaths. KEEPING TRACK You might like to keep your own list of the species you learn about and the animals and plants that you identify while you visit the park in your Denali Discovery Journal. Finally. I stopped to watch one eagle‛s undulating dive. in long wingbeats they went out of sight behind the summit of Igloo Mountain. then spotted the second circling high above it. it would fold its wings for another free-fall. with most pairs now incubating eggs or tending nests. twisting onto their backs to lock talons. May 22. from “Denali Journal”. check out the guides in the Denali Discovery Pack. each going into a series of dives and swoops. rocketed down upon the rst in a lightening swoop.Species Lists These lists of the animals and plants of Denali are the product of a history of observation and scientic investigation. they pulled apart. The rst eagle would free-fall on folded wings. All at once the second eagle. then brake with a sudden extension of wings. two birds put on an aerial display above Igloo Creek this afternoon. For more information about these species. while the diving bird opened its wings to roll hard left. After a hundred-foot fall through several spin rotations. the energy redirected in an upward swoop. 1974. You might enjoy using these lists as a reference for your activities with the Denali Discovery Pack. You can also write journal entries describing your observations of animals and plants in the wild. Although golden eagles long ago returned from their southern wintering grounds. a feathered bomb really. Each kind of creature is a different species. © Tom Walker Aspen Alaska Wildlife Curriculum c. the one eagle banked hard to its right. At the apex of its upward loop. Just as they seemed about to collide. With uttering wings the two went into a spin and fell toward earth.2001 ADF&G Denali National Park and Preserve Discovery Pack . They then circled into one another.

Vole. Lemming Family Muskrat Northern Red-backed Vole Meadow Vole Yellow-Cheeked Vole Tundra Vole Hay Mouse (Singing Vole) Northern Bog Lemming Brown Lemming Porcupine Family Porcupine Carnivores (meat eaters) Dog Family Coyote Wolf Red Fox Bear Family Black Bear Grizzly Bear Weasel Family Marten Short-tailed Weasel (Ermine) Least Weasel Mink Wolverine River Otter Cat Family Lynx Ungulates (hoofed plant eaters) Deer Family Moose Caribou Bison.Animals of Denali Mammals of Denali Insectivores (insect eaters) Shrew Family Masked Shrew Dusky Shrew Arctic Shrew Pygmy Shrew Bat Family Little Brown Bat Lagomorphs (gnawing plant eaters) Pika Family Collared Pika Hare Family Snowshoe Hare Rodents (small gnawing mammals) Squirrel Family Hoary Marmot Arctic Ground Squirrel Red Squirrel Northern Flying Squirrel Beaver Family Beaver Muskrat. Sheep Family Dall Sheep Amphibian of Denali Frog Family Wood Frog Denali National Park and Preserve Discovery Pack . Muskox. Goat.

Resident Species Northern Goshawk Gyrfalcon Ruffed Grouse Spruce Grouse Willow Ptarmigan Rock Ptarmigan White-tailed Ptarmigan Great-horned Owl Northern Hawk Owl Boreal Owl Downy Woodpecker Hairy Woodpecker Three-toed Woodpecker Black-backed Woodpecker Gray Jay Black-billed Magpie Common Raven Black-capped Chickadee Boreal Chickadee American Dipper Pine Grosbeak White-winged Crossbill Common Redpoll Hoary Redpoll Migratory Species Horned Grebe American Widgeon Mallard Northern Pintail Green-winged Teal Greater Scaup Lesser Scaup Harlequin Duck Surf Scoter White-winged Scoter Bufehead Barrow‛s Goldeneye Northern Harrier Golden Eagle American Kestrel Merlin Semipalmated Plover Lesser Yellowlegs Spotted Sandpiper Least Sandpiper Common Snipe Red-necked Phalarope Long-tailed Jaeger Mew Gull Northern Flicker Denali National Park and Preserve Say‛s Phoebe Horned Lark Violet-green Swallow Bank Swallow Cliff Swallow Ruby-crowned Kinglet Arctic Warbler Northern Wheatear Gray-cheeked Thrush Swainson‛s Thrush American Robin Varied Thrush American Pipit Orange-crowned Warbler Yellow-rumped Warbler Wilson‛s Warbler American Tree Sparrow Savannah Sparrow Fox Sparrow White-crowned Sparrow Dark-eyed Junco Lapland Longspur Snow Bunting Gray-crowned Rosy Finch Discovery Pack . Others are migratory species that live in Denali in the summer season when their food is available and y south for the winter to a warmer climate. This list includes the most commonly observed species of birds in Denali National Park. Some species are residents that live in Denali throughout all the seasons of the year.Common Birds of Denali 163 species of birds have been recorded at Denali National Park. within the proper habitat.

trees.Common Plants of Denali This list includes some of the most commonly observed species of wildowers. Wildowers Blue and Purple Flowers Alpine Forget-me-not Arctic Lupine Bluebells Glaucous Gentian Larkspur Monkshood Mountain Harebell Siberian Aster Tall Jacob‛s Ladder Weasel Snout Wild Geranium Pink and Red Flowers Alpine Azalea Capitate Valerian Dwarf Fireweed (River Beauty) Elegant Paintbrush Eskimo Potato Lapland Rosebay Moss Campion Parry‛s Wallower Pink Plume Pink Pyrola Purple Mountain Saxifrage Roseroot Scamman‛s Spring Beauty Shooting Star Tall Fireweed Wild Rose Wooly Lousewort Yellow Flowers Alaska Poppy Alpine Hawk‛s Beard Arctic Poppy Black-tipped Groundsel Bog Saxifrage Capitate Lousewort Frigid Arnica Labrador Lousewort Lessing‛s Arnica Macoun‛s Poppy Marsh Marigold Northern Goldenrod Oeder‛s Lousewort Snow Buttercup Spider Plant Tundra Rose (Shrubby Cinquefoil) Yellow Anemone Yellow Violet White Flowers Alaska Cotton Grass Alaska Spiraea Alp Lily Bearower Bell Heather Cow Parsnip Death Camas Diapensia Dwarf Dogwood Frigid Coltsfoot Grass of Parnassus Labrador Tea Large-owered Wintergreen Mountain Avens Mouse-eared Chickweed Narcissus-owered Anemone Northern Bedstraw Northern Oxytrope Prickly Saxifrage Red-stemmed Saxifrage Rock Jasmine Siberian Yarrow Single Delight (Shy Maiden) Sitka Burnet Starower Whitish Gentian Wild Celery Wild Rhubarb Windower (Northern Anemone) Denali National Park and Preserve Discovery Pack . berries. and other plants in Denali National Park. shrubs.

2001 ADF&G Denali National Park and Preserve Discovery Pack .Common Plants of Denali continued Other Plants Berries Alpine Bearberry Blueberry Bunchberry (Dwarf Dogwood) Cloudberry Crowberry Low-bush Cranberry (Lingonberry) Nagoonberry Pumpkinberry (Timberberry) Soapberry Trees and Shrubs Arctic Willow Balsam Poplar (Cottonwood) Black Spruce Common Horsetail Common Juniper Diamon-leaf Willow Dwarf Birch Fragrant Shield Fern Mountain Alder Quaking Aspen White Spruce Lichens Mosses Mushrooms Fruticose Lichen Alaska Wildlife Curriculum c.

including other living things. including food. climate. as opposed to migratory An animal that eats dead animals that it did not kill.Glossary A list of words and their denitions that are used in this guide to describe and understand Denali Adaptation Athabaskan Carnivore Ecosystem Ecotone Environment Food Web Habitat Herbivore Hibernation Lichen Migratory Omnivore Permafrost Predator Prey Resident Scavenger Species an adjustment to an environment that allows a plant or animal to survive in that environment the native people of the interior of Alaska. a population of individuals that are more or less alike Denali National Park and Preserve Discovery Pack . Animals that are killed and eaten by other animals. animals that remain in a specic area on a year-round basis. and space to meet an animal‛s needs an animal that eats plants The act of spending the winter season in a state of sleep or rest. a plant of the tundra and taiga birds or other animals which make annual seasonal movements to travel distances an animal that eats both plant and animal materials permanently frozen ground An animal that kills and eats other animals. water. and location an interlocking pattern of food chains or the transfer of food energy between species the life requirements for a species. shelter. including the Denali region an animal that eats meat all living things and the nonliving things in their natural environment the transitional zone located between two vegetation communities all of the surroundings. algae and fungus growing together.

that grows across Alaska. and Siberia the treeless open areas where low-growing plants survive challenging environmental conditions Denali National Park and Preserve Discovery Pack .Glossary continued Sub-arctic Taiga Tundra the ecological region of interior Alaska south of the arctic environment the northern forest. Canada. Scandinavia. dominated by spruce trees.

Tom. American Forest Foundation. Alaska. “Pathways to Discovery”. 1992. Denali National Park and Preserve Discovery Pack . Elias National Park and Preserve. 2001. 2000. Northwind Prepress. “Project Learning Tree Environmental Education Activity Guide”. “Denali Journal”. “Alaska Wildlife Curriculum”. Anchorage. 2001. Wrangell-St. Walker.Bibliography Alaska Department of Fish and Game.

and natural features by Susan Ewing Grizzly Bear Family Book by Michio Hoshino My Denali: exploring Alaska‛s favorite national park with Hannah Corral by Kimberley Corral Taiga by April Pulley Sayre Tundra by April Pulley Sayre Welcome to the World of Bears by Diane Swanson Welcome to the World of Beavers by Diane Swanson Welcome to the World of Eagles by Diane Swanson Welcome to the World of Foxes by Diane Swanson Welcome to the World of Moose by Diane Swanson Welcome to the World of Owls by Diane Swanson Welcome to the World of Porcupines by Diane Swanson Welcome to the World of Wild Cats by Diane Swanson Welcome to the World of Wolves by Diane Swanson Guide Books Birds of Denali by Carol McIntyre. Forman Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series by Alaska Department of Fish & Game (also available online at www. Berry Bears by Aliene Thunell Born To Be Wild. The Bears by Karen & Kennan Ward Children of the Midnight Sun: Young Native Voices of Alaska by Tricia Brown Denali Journal: a thoughtful look at wildlife in Alaska‛s majestic national park by Tom Walker Disappearing Lake: nature‛s magic in Denali National Park by Debbie S.alaskanha.Recommended Reading A variety of books. Alaska 99755 (907) 683-1272 www.state. Box 230 Denali We suggest the following materials which families may enjoy together to learn additional information about the park and its resources: Books Arctic Tundra by Michael H. maps. and other publications about Denali National Park and Preserve are available through the: Alaska Natural History Association P.ak. Miller Gone Again Ptarmigan by Jonathan London Great Alaska Nature Factbook: a guide to the state‛s remarkable animals. Nan Eagleson & Alan Seegert Mammals of Denali by Adolph Murie Peterson First Guide to Mammals of North America by Peter Alden Tanaina Plantlore by Priscilla Russell Kari Wildowers of Denali National Park and Interior Alaska by Verna Pratt & Frank Pratt Denali National Park and Preserve Discovery Pack .O.

Coloring. Natural History by Susan Dell Holen Alaska Wildlife: A Coloring Book by Susan Dell Holen Birds of Alaska Coloring Book by Arctic Audubon Society Denali Adventures: Activities For Young People by Alaska Natural History Association Denali National Park Coloring Book For Kids by Janeen Herr Discovering Wolves by Nancy Field & Corliss Karasov One Small Square: Arctic Tundra by Donald M.Recommended Reading continued Activity Books Alaska Wolf: Drawing Lessons. Silver Wildower Coloring Book by Verna Pratt Denali National Park and Preserve Discovery Pack .

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