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Women’s Role in Peace Processes India.

With exclusive focus on Northeast India.

Manipur. Nagaland and Tripura – witness scales of conflict that can be categorized as low intensity wars with fatalities over 100 but less than 1000 per annum (Source: South Asia Terrorism Portal).Introduction to the study Every state in the northeast region is currently affected by insurgent violence and four of these – Assam. .

.Idea behind the study Gendered impacts of conflict . .Women involvement in the peace process.

. .the inclusion of women in formal peace processes which would ensure the textual inclusion of gender related content of peace agreements thereby addressing gender related issues arising as a result of the conflict. . appointments of women in decision making bodies post conflict.Goals of the study The study will be a useful tool to further interventions aligned to address women’s needs and interest in the region.the inclusion of women in peace processes would pave the way for opportunities to increase women’s political participation and representation in elections.

Andhra Pradesh and Northeast India. peace process and women’s role in the peace process. The parts included background of conflict. The study was divided into three parts for each case.The study Composed of three cases: Kashmir. .

in February. ULFA Cultural Secretary participated in the peace talks between the ULFA and the Government of India. . Pranati Deka. women in Northeast India participated mainly as mediators. With regards to the formal peace process. the Peoples’ Consultative Group and the Government of India .Major Findings A. The women who participated were: Mamoni Raisom Goswami was the chief interlocutor in the peace dialogues between the ULFA. 2011.

The Naga Mothers Association mediated between the Government of India and the NSCN and facilitated the ceasefire agreement which began in 1997and has been extended indefinitely on 8 September 2005. .Contd..

Its unit in Shirui and Lunghar have been instrumental in redefining conflict prevention and peace.“Shed No More Blood” and public peace rally – Human Integrity and Consequences of Killing . Thangkul Shanao Long – lobbying to prevent human rights violations and organising of a rally.campaigns to stop killing.Contd..With regards to informal peace process women have been involved in activities such as: Naga Mother Association. . B.

They have spoken and influenced the army to release civilians where there have been indiscriminate arrests.The Union was to initiate three dialogues with the Kuki women but no conclusive results were obtained. Naga Women Union of Manipur (NWUM) has also been engaging in on-the-spot fact finding investigations. . together with other NGOs and CSOs involved in human rights issues..They have led protest against almost every kind of oppression and violence.Contd. Watsu Mongdung has tried to mobilize social groups in Mokochung town to negotiate peace.

The group has initiated many state. The BodoWomen’s Justice Forum is a group that concerns itself with issues of peace and human rights. Golapi Basumatary was active in trying to organize an Assames. . regional and national level meetings on issues of human rights.Contd… The Meira Paibies have become night patrollers of their local neighbourhoods. marching to the police stations and army camps. sounding the alarm on search and cordon operations by the state security forces.Bodo dialogue on peace. or interceding with insurgent leaders to secure the release of recruits or hostages. raising an alarm against a ‘disappearance’. protecting young men from recruitment by insurgents.

They tried to initiate dialogue with Kuki women living in proximity.Contd. The study will help in understanding the dynamics of women’s entry into political decision making bodies in a conflict affected area since Moyen women were the first to be given right to vote in legislative councils as well as to participate as speaker of the Assembly of the Naga Moyen Council. . With regards to women political participation there is scope for further study on the Moyen Sanuw Ruwrkheh. They began agitation for women to be in decision making bodies. C. traditionally considered as men’s arena.. They established networks with other Naga groups and are trying to organize a women’s dialogue between the Issac-Muvah and Khaplang factions of the NSCN. They called for equal right of women to inherit property.

. Lack of knowledge of women organisations working towards peace due to exhaustible literature.Limitations of the study Reliability of data especially with regards to women’s involvement in formal peace processes.

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