Dynamic Routing Protocols Comparison

Key Elements
Abbreviation

Rip - Ver1
Routing Information Protocol Bellman Ford algorithm Open Standard Protocol Classful Routing Protocol Broadcasted via 255.255.255.255 120

Rip - Ver2
Routing Information Protocol Bellman Ford algorithm Open Standard Protocol Classless Routing Protocol Broadcasted via 255.255.255.255 120

IGRP
Interior Gateway Routing Protocol Bellman Ford algorithm Cisco Proprietary Protocol Classful routing protocol Broadcasted via 255.255.255.255 100 Metric (24 bit) : Composite Metric (BW+Delay+Load +MTU+Reliability) Max Hop count is 255 (100 is default)

EIGRP
Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol DUAL algorithm Cisco Proprietary Protocol Classless routing protocol Multicast via 224.0.0.10 90

OSPF
Open Shortest Path First Dijkstra algorithm Open Standard Protocol Classless Routing Protocol Multicast via 224.0.0.5 110

Algorithm Protocol Standard Routing Protocol Updates Through Administrative distance

Metric

Hop Count

Hop Count

Metric (32 bit) : Metric = Cost Composite Metric =108/Bandwidth in (BW+Delay+Load+MT bps (CISCO) U+Reliability)

Hop Count

Max 15, Routers - 16

Max 15, Routers - 16

Max Hop count is 255 (100 by default)

Dynamic Routing Protocols Comparison
Load Balancing 4 Equal paths 4 Equal Paths 6 equal or unequal paths large organizations No More in use Supports IP, IPX and Apple Talk protocols Hierarchical design with Multiple Areas Very Large Organisations Convergence rate is fast

Usuage Others

Small Organisations Doesn’t Support VlSM & Multicast

Small Organisations Supports VLSM & Multicast

large organizations Convergence rate is fast

Timers
Key Elements
Update Timer Invalid Timer Flush Down Timer Holddown Timer

Rip - Ver1
30 Seconds 180 Seconds 240 Seconds 180 Seconds

Rip - Ver2
30 Seconds 180 Seconds 240 Seconds 180 Seconds

IGRP
90 Seconds 270 Seconds 630 Seconds 280 Seconds

EIGRP
5 Seconds

OSPF
10 Seconds

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