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A Seminar Report

on HART COMMUNICATION
Submitted in the partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Degree of Bachelor of Technology in Electronics & Communication Engg. By Prateek Agrawal (0908240085 ) Mohit Chaudhary(0908231059)

Under the guidance of

Seminar guide Mr. Sanjay Kumar Assistant Professor

Seminar Coordinator Mr. Manas Singhal Assistant Professor

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGG.

MORADABAD INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


Ram Ganga Vihar, Phase II, Moradabad-244001 (U.P)

Session: 2011-12

MORADABAD INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY MORADABAD


CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the seminar entitled HART COMMUNICATION submitted by PRATEEK AGRAWAL (Roll No 0908240085) and MOHIT CHAUDHARY (Roll No. 0908231059) in partial fulfillment of the requirement of the Degree of B.Tech in Electronics & Communication Engineering embodies the work done by him under my guidance.

Signature of the Seminar Guide Name: Mr. Sanjay Kumar Designation: Assistant professor Date:

Signature of the Seminar Coordinator Name: Mr. Manas Singhal Designation: Assistant professor Date:

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I express my deepest sense of gratitude towards my guide Mr. SANJAY KUMAR, Assistant Professor Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Moradabad Institute of Technology, Moradabad for his/her patience, inspiration, guidance, constant encouragement, moral support, keen interest, and valuable suggestions during preparation of this seminar report. My heartfelt gratitude goes to all faculty members of Electronics & Communication Engineering Deptt., who with their encouraging and caring words and most valuable suggestions have contributed, directly or indirectly, in a significant way towards completion of this seminar report. I am indebted to all my classmates for taking interest in discussing my problem and encouraging me. I owe a debt of gratitude to my father and mother for their consistent support, sacrifice, candid views, and meaningful suggestion given to me at different stages of this work. Last but not the least I am thankful to the Almighty who gave me the strength and health for completing my report.

PRATEEK AGRAWAL MOHIT CHAUDHARY

MORADABAD INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY MORADABAD


HART COMMUNICATION
Name of student : PRATEEK AGRAWAL Name of student : MOHIT CHAUDHARY Name of seminar guide : Mr. SANJAY KUMAR Semester : 5 Branch : Electronics & Communication Engineering Roll No. : 0908240085 Roll No. : 0908231059 Session :2011-2012

Synopsis : HART is an acronym for "Highway Addressable Remote Transducer". The HART protocol makes use of the Bell 202 Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) standard to superimpose digital communication signals at a low level on top of the 4-2OmA. This enables two-way field communication to take place and makes it possible for additional information beyond just the normal process variable to be communicated to/from a smart field instrument. The HART protocol communicates at 1200 bps without interrupting the 4-2OmA signal and allows a host application (master) to get two or more digital updates per second from a field device. As the digital FSK signal is phase continuous, there is no interference with the 4- 2OrnA signal. HART is a master/slave protocol which means that a field (slave) device only speaks when spoken to by a master. The HART protocol can be used in various modes for communicating information to/from smart field in3truments and central control or monitor systems. HART provides for up to two masters (primary and secondary). This allows secondary masters such as handheld communicators to be used without interfering with communications to/from the primary master, i.e. control/monitoring system. The most commonly employed HART communication mode is master/slave communication of digital information simultaneous with transmission of the 4-2OmA signal

Signature of student 1 Signature of Seminar guide Signature of student 2 Signature of seminar coordinator Signature of HOD

LIST OF FIGURE
Figure No. Caption
2.1 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 4.1 5.1 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) Two Communication Channels Primary and Secondary Masters Connection of HART Master devices Point to point communication HART communication via multiplexer Multidrop configuration Split-range operation with two HART positioners Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) Point to point connection: with or without IS isolating amplifier HART interface of SAMSON positioned HART protocol implementing the OSI model HART signal superimposed on the analog current signal Controller output must not short circuit the HART signal Hart transaction: data exchange between master and slave HART communication modes Structure and elements of a HART telegram Short frame and long frame HART address formats Transmission time of a HART telegram

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LIST OF ABBREVIATION
HART FSK IS A/D UART PC Highway Addressable Remote Transducer Frequency Shift Keying Intrinsic Safety Analog to Digital Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter Personal Computers

List of Contents
LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS V VI

CHAPTER NO. 1. Introduction 2. 3. How HART works

TITLE

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Connecting HART devices 3.1 Point-to-point connection 3.2 Multiplexer 3.3 Multidrop mode 3.4 Bus for split-range operation 3.5 FSK bus 3.6 Higher-level communication systems

4. 5. 6.

Two-wire technique and load impedance Field device interface HART communication layers 6.1 Coding 6.2 Wiring 6.3 Plug connectors 6.4 HART-compatible features

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7.

Services of layer 2 7.1 Access control

7.2 Communication services 7.3 Telegram structure 7.4 Noise immunity 7.5 Transmission time and user data rate 8. 9. Conclusion References

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