SEMINAR on Standardising and Enhancing Bills of Quantities for Civil Engineering Works using Malaysian Standard Method of Measurement

(CESMM)
KAMALALDIN ABD. LATIF JKR. MALAYSIA

31st

MARCH 2010

EQUATORIAL BANGI

CONTENT
• OVERVIEW • CLASS E – EARTHWORK • CLASS P – ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION • CLASS G – ROADWORKS

O1- CLIENT – CONSULTANT - CONTRACTOR
CLIENT Idea, concept confirmation Functional, size, material Estimated cost (range) Time CONSULTANT - conceptual design - detailed design - Specification (work & material) - Bill of Quantities - Estimated Cost
OVERVIEW – CESMM_________________________________________________________________________________________________

CONTRACTOR

COST & TIME

/ Description Quantity ? Coverage Rules ? Size (dimension) ? Where ? When/Duration/Interval ? Material Specification ? OVERVIEW – CESMM_________________________________________________________________________________________________ Additional Descripion Rule .PRINCIPLE OF BILL of QUANTITIES ENGINEER(DESIGNER) CONTRACTOR WORK What ? .O2 .Item Ref.

O3 .on existing road .PRINCIPLE OF BILL of QUANTITIES WHAT? -Q3 .within the limit of work DURATION .Carry out routine maintenance WHERE? SIZE / DIMENSION .for the duration of the contract period OVERVIEW – CESMM_________________________________________________________________________________________________ .

’ Quantities .O.Describes briefly the work to be executed by the Contractor (the details of work will be described in the Tender Drawing and coverage rule in the Preamble to BQ and the MoM) e.BQ quantity as a basis for estimating the rate .O4 – BILL of QUANTITIES Item Description .g: ‘Excavate unsuitable material below embankment or below Formation in cuttings as shown in the drawing or as per specification to disposal areas within the R.O.W as approved by the S.Final quantity to be remeasured OVERVIEW – CESMM_________________________________________________________________________________________________ .

Final quantity to be remeasured OVERVIEW – CESMM_________________________________________________________________________________________________ .O.Describes briefly the work to be executed by the Contractor (the details of work will be described in the Tender Drawing and items coverage in the Pramble to BQ and the MoM) e.’ Quantities .BQ quantity as a basis for estimating the rate .g: ‘Excavate unsuitable material below embankment or below Formation in cuttings as shown in the drawing or as per specification to disposal areas within the R.O.O5 – PREAMBLE to BQ .W as approved by the S.

‘Excavate unsuitable material below embankment or below Formation in cuttings as shown in the drawing or as per specification to disposal areas outside the R.W as approved by the S. cut. bent and fix mild steel bar of diameter 20mm’ OVERVIEW – CESMM_________________________________________________________________________________________________ . how the Work should be done) to be executed by the Contractor . deliver.’ .O.O.(the details of work will be described in the Tender Drawing and coverage rule in the Preamble to BQ and the MoM) e.‘Mild steel bar of nominal diameter 20mm’ not as: ‘Supply.O6 – ITEM DESCRIPTION .e.g: .Describes briefly the WORK component (not the TASK i.

O7 – MEASUREMENT RULE Sets out the CONDITION under which the Work will be measured and the METHOD by which the Quantities shall be computed in accordance with paragraph 5.17 Section 5: Preparation of the Bill of Quantities 5.17 : ‘All measurement shall be taken nett otherwise stated in the measurement rules of the CESMM. Where unavoidable. The total quantity and the effect on its rounding off must be considered. shrinkages or wastages. Quantities can be rounded where appropriate but common sense must be applied. fractional quantities should be given to one decimal place only’. OVERVIEW – CESMM_________________________________________________________________________________________________ . No allowance shall be made for bulking.

O” OVERVIEW – CESMM_________________________________________________________________________________________________ .O8 – SPECIFICATION Gives the requirement of the work wrt material use & method statement “Unsuitable material shall be excavated to such depth and over such area as directed by the S.

depth as a basis for the Tenderer to calculate the rates for construction the final dimension will be determined base on actual requirement on site OVERVIEW – CESMM_________________________________________________________________________________________________ .breadth .O9 – CONSTRUCTION DRAWING indicates shapes & dimension .length .

CLASS E .o .item description or drawing should indicate the depth of excavation to facilitate computation of rate by the contractor CESMM (M) Class E – Earthwork __________________________________________________________________________________ . ‘excavate from 0m to 1.let the Contractor choose the appropriate method of construction .difficulties encountered and loss of productivity associated with increasing depth of excavation to be reflect in the builtup rate .5m to 3.measured ‘whole’ .EARTHWORK CESMM (UK) .5m depth from 1.excavation in stages eg.0m depth a.s.

the quantities of earthwork shall be computed nett using dimension from the Drawings with no allowance for bulking.17.CLASS E . Class E – Earthwork __________________________________________________________________________________ . shrinkages or wastages.EARTHWORK Rule M1 In accordance with Paragraph 5. measurement shall be made on Site. Where boundaries between different materials are not shown in the Drawings.

EARTHWORK IMPORTED FILL Importing fill materials occur.CLASS E . when CUT (effective) – FILL = +ve Class E – Earthwork __________________________________________________________________________________ . when CUT (effective) – FILL = -ve DIPOSAL OF EXCAVATED EARTH Disposing of excavated materials occur.

0 4 units – 6 units = 2 units imported Fill Cut .0 2.0 4.0 4.RULE 1 CUT < FILL Import 2.

0 6 units – 4 units = 2 units disposed Fill Cut .0 6.RULE 1 CUT > FILL Dispose 2.0 4.

6.RULE 1 Filling – Shrinkage Factor 1.5 units Cut .8 To Fill 6 units – require 7.5 units (1.0 units (4.0 4.2 1.8 units) Imported .1.2 units) .5 Balance Cut & Fill Situation 6.

0 m3 @ RM5.0 4.RULE 1 Imported Volume – covered in Filling rate 1.00 – RM30.00 Fill = RM45.00 1.2 1.5 m3 @ RM10.00/6 m3 = RM7.50/m3 .5 Computation of Filling Rate 6.8 6.00 – RM15.

Malaysia “Rock shall mean material found in ledges or masses in its original position which would normally have to be loosened either by blasting or pneumatic tools or. if excavated by hand.EARTHWORK BACK ISSUES: Defination for ROCK JKR/SPJ/1988 Specification for Roadworks published by Jabatan Kerja Raya. by wedges and sledge hammers. “ “ It shall NOT include material which can be loosened with a track-type tractor with mounted and drawn ripper of the following description: Class E – Earthwork (CESMM)__________________________________________________________________________ .CLASS E .

Class E – Earthwork (CESMM)__________________________________________________________________________ .DOZER & RIPPER UNIT Tractor Unit: Equiptment with a minimum weight of 20 tonnes and nett horse power rating of 200 brake horse power or more. The ripper shall have single shank in good working condition with sharpened cutting point. The tractor unit is to be in good condition and operated by experienced personnel skilled in the use of ripping equipment Ripping Unit: The ripper to be attached to the tractor shall be the most efficient parallelogram type recommended by the tractor or ripper manufacturer.

monolithic. partially weathered Fresh.ROCK CLASSIFICATION EARTH (Grade V & VI) Totally weathered ROCK (Grade III & IV) Cracks and fissures. no fractures or cracks ROCK (Grade I & II) Class E – Earthwork (CESMM)____________________________________________________________________________ .

THE PROBLEM EARTH (Grade V & VI) SEDIMENTARY– HARD MATERIAL ROCK (Grade I & II) Class E – Earthwork (CESMM)____________________________________________________________________________ .

excavation in earth Resulting in: Claim by the Contractor due to low productivity for excavation in natural hard material (get paid for earth excavation instead of excavation in rock) Class E – Earthwork (CESMM)____________________________________________________________________________ .e. it is usually been paid under normal excavation i.THE PROBLEM On Site: In between the two extreme material on site (earth and rock) we have “ HARD MATERIAL”     which is not been clearly defined not included in the scope of specification which the Contractor has to excavate but not priced accordingly the current practice.

(CESMM) DEFINE “ NATURAL HARD MATERIAL” NATURAL HARD MATERIAL shall be material other than ROCK and ARTIFICIAL HARD MATERIAL that requires ripping and other specialised equipment. …. …..THE SOLUTION REDEFINE “ROCK” ROCK or ARTIFICIAL HARD MATERIAL shall be material that requires the use of either hydraulic rock breaker. (CESMM) “The Contractor gets paid For what he Did” Class E – Earthwork (CESMM)__________________________________________________________________________ . pneumatic tools or explosives.

Class E – Earthwork (CESMM)__________________________________________________________________________ . The excavator shall be in good condition and operated by an experience personnel skilled in the use of excavator equipment. HARD MATERIAL and ROCK EXCAVATION (Draft) COMMON EXCAVATION  Common Excavation shall mean excavation in any material either than hard material/rock excavation HARD MATERIAL/ROCK EXCAVATION  Hard material/rock excavation shall mean excavation in any material that cannot be loosened by an excavator with a minimum mass of 44 tons and a minimum rating of 321 BHP.POINT TO TAKE NOTE JKR TECHNIAL DIRECTIVE (ARAHAN TEKNIK) has redefine the term COMMON EXCAVATION.

Hard Material & Rock will have a common rate - Class E – Earthwork (CESMM)__________________________________________________________________________ .cont. HARD MATERIAL/ROCK EXCAVATION shall required one or a combination of the following methods:      Excavation using track excavator exceeding a mass of 44 tones and 321 BHP rating Ripping using a tractor unit of minimum weight of 37 tones and 305 BHP rating and a ripper attached Excavation using pneumatic tools Open blasting Controlled blasting .POINT TO TAKE NOTE…….

COMPROMISE ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION RULE  Item description for EXCAVATION IN NATURAL HARD MATERIAL and ROCK shall state the method of excavation where appropriate …… A4 This clause will cater for Designer’s requirement to dictate the method of construction where specific need prevails Class E – Earthwork (CESMM)__________________________________________________________________________ .

CLASS P – ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND ENHANCEMENT Is of great concern lately in road projects. especially those road alignments traversing through environmentally sensitive areas Quality & adequacy the mitigating measures varies from project to project depending on  amount allocated for Environmental and Enhancement  method of construction  adhererance to the specification by the contractor during construction  concise statement of Owner’s requirement in the Bill Class P – Environmental Protection & Enhancement (CESMM)____________________________________________________ .

EIA REPORT (MITIGATION MEASURES) DESIGNER DRAWING & SPECS & BILL of QUANTITIES HOW WHAT ? ? ENVIROMENTAL MANAGEMENT WHO PLAN ? WHEN? CONTRACTOR Class P – Environmental Protection & Enhancement (CESMM)______________________________________________________________ .

‘To carry out environmental protection works according to the existing laws and regulations’ Class P – Environmental Protection & Enhancement (CESMM)______________________________________________________________ .g.OLD PRACTICE    itemised under Preliminaries description of Bill too general. up to the Contractor’s imagination in determining the coverage required for the Environmental Protection & Enhancement no indication as to what the work items included under this Class allocated sum is Lump Sum (no detailed breakdown of work given)   e.

CURRENT PRACTICE  separate Bill for Environmental Protection & Enhancement work items to be indicated item description has to be clear and concise allocated as Provisional Sum or can be subjected to re-measurement of quantities at the end of contract    Class P – Environmental Protection & Enhancement (CESMM)______________________________________________________________ .

ITEMS COVERAGE 7 items coverage:        Appointment of Environmental Officer Preparation of Environmental Management Plan (EMP) Pollution Control Measures Preservation of Flora Preservation of Fauna Environmental Monitoring Programme Environmental Audit Class P – Environmental Protection & Enhancement (CESMM)______________________________________________________________ .

CLASS P ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND ENHANCEMENT .SAMPLE BQ .

Silt Fence Supply and install 1. Rate Amt. P1 0 0 APPOINTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL OFFICER Appoint an Environmental Officer for the duration of the contract period.Code DESCRIPTION CLASS P: ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND ENHANCEMENT Unit Qty.O. POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES Water Quality Control. Gabion Wall To construct gabion earth retaining wall of dimension as shown in the drawing using block stones of size 150mm Sediment Basin To construct sediment basin of the dimension: 7m x 4m x 2m 15m x 4m x 2m Silt Trap To construct Silt Trap of the following dimensions: 2m x 3m 4m x 6m manmonth P200 sum P300 P311 m2 P312 m3 P313 nr nr P314 nr nr .0m height silt fence including non-woven geo-textile and wooden post with dimension as shown in the drawing or as directed by the S. PREPERATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN (EMP) To prepare the Environmental Management Plan (EMP) according to the guideline produced by the Department of Environment (DOE).

O Vibration Control To carryout vibration control at the following locations: a.Tyre Washing Facilities Supply portable water jet including operators. Rate Amt. Noise Barrier Supply and install 1.O Lorry Wash Trough To construct Lorry Wash Trough of dimension: 2m x 5m x 250mm deep nr Unit Qty. water tank and other necessary equipment needed to carry out the cleaning tyres of vehicles at the exits of the worksite Water Browser Truck Supply Browser Truck to carryout water spraying 3 times a day along existing road and near settlement as directed by S. Hospital Besar Kuala Terengganu m2 P340 sum . nr P322 nr P323 P331 Noise Control.Code P321 DESCRIPTION Air Quality Control.0m height concrete reflective type noise barrier with dimension as shown in the drawing or as directed by the S.

Terengganu 1. Rate Amt.Code P411 DESCRIPTION CONSERVATION / PRESERVATION Preservation of Flora.Floral Survey Report Conduct Flora Survey and prepare 30 copies of Floral Survey Report according to the format as set in Appendix Floral Conservation Plan Prepare Floral Conservation Plan according to the format as set in the Appendix Relocation of Trees a) To relocate the following flora species to the approved location within the construction site: 1. Kemuning Minyak 2. Kemuning Kuning Unit Qty. Tongkat Awang 2. Tualang Salak b) To relocate the following flora species to the Arboretum at Pusat Penyelidekan Tumbuhan Hutan di Kuala Berang. sum P412 sum P413 nr nr nr nr .

Harimau Conservation of Archeological / Heritage Unit Qty. Gajah 2.Code P42 P421 DESCRIPTION Preservation of Fauna Fauna Survey Report Conduct Fauna Survey and prepare 30 copies of Fauna Survey Report according the format as set in Appendix Relocation of Fauna To relocate the following fauna species to Taman Negara Belum. Ulu Perak. Rate Amt. Darul Redzuan: 1. sum P422 nr nr P423 .

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